This section of the manual provides a guide to basic syrnbois which are the building blocks of any hydraulic

circuit. The composite diagrams shown here should be considered

only as examples since many modifications are possible by changing elements such as flow paths and control devices.

SYMBOLS FOR HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS

LINES •
LINE, WORKING (MAIN) +

LINES CROSSING DR
+-
LINE, PILOT (FOR CONTROL) ----
LINES JOINING --L

LINE, LIQUID DRAIN ----------

LINE WITH FIXED
.......
RESTRICTION .......
r--j
COMPONENT ENCLOSURE I
L_ I
I V
FLEXIBLE
HYDRAULIC FLOW II-

STATION, TESTING,
MEASUREMENT. POWER ---K
PNEUMATIC FLOW ---t>- TAKE-OFF, OR PLUGGED
PORT
FWID STORAGE
LINE, TO RESERVOIR 1
RESERVOIR, VENTED I I • ABOVE. FLUID LEVEL
• BELOW FLUID LEVEL J.

RESERVOIR, PRESSURIZED D VENTED MANIFOLD ~ IndUlltrllll HydllwllcII

PRESSURE CONTROL VALVES

PRESSURE RELIEF

PRESSUP~ RELIEF VALVE, SOLENOID CONTROLLED

i~~JHIt @; I

I I I

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE, REMOTE ELECTRICALLY MODULATED

PRESSURE

, RELIEF VALVE, CARTRIDGE VALVE TYPE

fiL.;, ~

~-u

I rr r-1-+-9--',. I,

IIII~

)Ie I l'( , I "

I I I, I

I I I I t L __

COUNTERBALANCE VALVE WITH INTEGRAL CHECK

UNLOADING RELIEF VALVE WITH

INTEGRAL CHECK.

PRESSURE REDUCING

1 Ll.J

PRESSURE REDUCING VALVE WITH

INTEGRAL CHECK

SEQUENCe VALVE

SEQUENCE VALVE, AUXILIARY REMOTE CONTROL OPERATION

PRESSURE REDUCING VALVE, CARTRIDGE VALVE TYPE

B4

, VICKERS
J Industrial HydrauUcs ... ~
.-~
METHODS OF OPERATION
~ r
SPRING DETENT )
L

MANUAL PRESSURE COMPENSATED IT(
PUSH BUTTON SOLENOID, rz[]zJ
SINGLE WINDING
PUSH-PUll lEVER SERVOMOTOR ~
t--r PILar PRESSURE
PEDAL OR TREADLE ,....
r--t.... • REMarE SUPPLY --L
MECHANICAL • INTERNAL SUPPLY ~ FIXED DISPLACEMENT PUMPS

SINGLE. VANE &GEAR TYPE

SINGLE, POWER STEERING PUMP WITH INTEGRAL FLOW CONTROL AND RELIEF VALVES

SINGLE.

WITH INTEGRAL PRIORITY VALVE

SINGLE,

WITH INTEGRAL FLOW CONTROL VALVE

SINGLE, +6 PISTON TYPE---.l. WITH DRAIN ........

I ~--_I--~I~I ~ ~

DOUBLE. VANE AND GEAR TYPE

8-2

--=---------------------------------------------

.J

VICKERS

II\<lus1r1.s1 Hydl'llulics

DIRECTIONAL CONTROL VALVES
~ -I
TWO POSITION
nNO CONNECTION SPRING
CENTERED, ~Xl ~ HJW
,.. AIR OPERATED I
nNO POSITION PLJ w
rHREE CONNECTION

nNO POSITION 01IZ1 SPRING OR
FOUR CONNECTION PRESSURE -~ lLlW:
CENTERED, r-<
[ImJ PILOT OPERATED .. I
nNO POSITION a.L
IN TRANSITION
.
THREE POSITION ~ SPRING ~xHu~
FOUR CONNECTION CENTERED,
~ SOLENOID
OPERATED
VALVES CAPABLE
OF INFINITE
POSITIONING [lQZj
(HORIZONTAL BARS ~-~
INDICATE INFINITE
POSITIONING
ABILITY) SOLENOID ,l~~fl,
CONTROLLED, I ]- --1-'-,
PILOT OPERATED -. I
L_ eX. J ~ IJJ
NO SPRING 9XO!
DETENTED, Ig 1.-1
MANUALLY
OPERATED I

SPRING OFFSET, ~ SPRING ~-~
MECHANICALLY CENTERED, I· lJ: JJ1...tt::=I I I
OPERATED I~ I L ____ ~~~,
SOLENOID , r-I
CONTROLLED, L\Yi X [~Il t ---' UJ·
PILOT OPERATED
, I-I
SPRING OFFSET, 1
LEVER 'ij ...
OPERATED-
TWO WAY ,
..L
PRESSURE ~XI~ll!~
CENTERED,
SOLENOID
NO SPRING 4XlMlI !~ CONTROLLED, I .~
WITH DETENTS. PILOT OPERATED , I
LL! IoU
LEVER (SIMPLIFIED SYMBOL)
OPERATED I 8-6

APPENDIXB Symbola tor Hydl1liUUc Sy..em.

FLOW CONTROL VALVES
FLOW CONTROL. ADJUSTABLE- ~--{-
N()N~COMPENSATED
FLOW REGULATOR WITH REVERSE -§
FREE FLOW
I H"" I

FLOW CONTROL VALVE

I
I I~·I
FLOW CONTROL VALVE WITH CHECK
(SIMPLIFIED SYMBOL)


~
REMOTE CONTROLLED. ELECTRICALLY .•. ....I,
MODULATED WITH CHECK VALVE I"!'
-9--
~-

...J
~ri
FLOW CONTROL AND OVERLOAD I ~'
RELIEF VALVE ~--~

LU
r--- .!tJ(
I ~
PRESSURE COMPENSATED CARTRIDGE I
VALVE TYPE ,
.a I
I .. ~J I ncKEAS

nd~l Hydraulic.

PROPO.RTIONAL VALVES

PROPORTIONAL VALVE

SERVO VALVES

TVVQ-STAGE SEAVOVALVE

CHECK VALVES

PILOT OPERATED CHECK VALVE

CHECKVALVE

NON-ADJUSTABLE DECELERATION r VALVE

ADJUSTABLE DECELERATION VALVE WITH CHECK

HYDRAULIC MOTORS

~-,

''iLL

VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT, DUAL DIRECTIONAL

FIXED DISPLACEMENT DUAL DIRECTIONAL

C'fLiNDERS

I I 101_==·· ~?

I I

SINGLE END. NOCUSHIONS

SINGLE END. ADJUSTABLE CUSHION. ROD END

SINGLE END, ADJUSTABLE CUSHIONS. CAP

AND ROD ENDS

III

J

SINGLE END. HEAVY DUTY ROD

SINGLE END, ADJUSTABLE CUSHION. CAP END

~ I~=====· ::::} ::::JI DOUBLE END

II

8-8

al2~

/

'-/ .

Symbols for Hydraulic Systems

APPENDIX B

---

r,,1ISCELLAN EO U S
ELECTRIC MOTOR e FILTER, STRAINER ---<I>-

iNTERNAL COMBUSTION D -~~
ENGINE -- ~ PRESSURE SWITCH

ACCUMULATOR, SPRING ~ PRESSURE (S)
LOADED INDICATOR

ACCUMULATOR, GAS ~ TEMPERATURE (J)
CHARGED • INDICATOR

r---,
-+- I I
HEATER AIR BLEED ~ ::::: ~
,
1 T

+-
COOLER

R~' ~

4- T~
TEMPERATURE STEERING
CONTROLLER , I
BOOSTER II~X:) ~t
r.v
TEMPERATURE CAUSE OR 1
EFFECT 8-9

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