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ABSTRACT:- Parallel optical interfaces can be conceived that consist of arrays of optoelectronic devices of the order of one thousand optical channels each 'running at speeds around I Gbit/s and hence offering and overall capacity of 1 Gbit/s to a single integrated circuit. Although there are still unresolved difficulties in the areas of architectural design, manufacturing processes, simulation and packaging (as explained later), the technology has now developed to the point that it is possible to contemplate its use in commercial systems within a time-frame of 5-10 years. Fig 1st shows the concept of chip-to-chip communication using optics. The idea of using optical techniques to address the chip-to-chip interconnection problems has been around for a long time. However, it is only in the last few years that technology with a realistic promise of eventual commercial applications has emerged. Progress can be attributed to a shift away from trying to develop custom VSLI techniques with in-built optoelectronic capability, towards developing techniques to allow parallel arrays of separately fabricated optoelectronic devices to be tightly integrated with standard foundry VLSI electronics, e.g. CMOS

Submitted To Mohd. Sharif Seminar Incharge EE Dept.

Submitted By Gautam Meghwal 10EMEEE017 8th Sem,Shift 1

Guided By Dinesh Kumar asst. prof. EE Dept.