Design and Technology

By Rachel Touma

MR SHULER April 8, 2014

Exploration of the Need…………………………………………………………………………………..…………2 Research and Evaluation of Existing Designs………………..…………………………………………….3 Generation and Evaluation of 2 Ideas and Annotations………………………………………………5 Final Design with Dimensions and Materials………………………………………………………………7 Case Study………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….8

Exploration of the Need and Evaluation
The jewellery piece I have decided to make for my final design is for teenagers between the ages of 16-25 to wear out on the weekend. This has been chosen as it had the highest frequency in the survey I made which helped me make final decisions like the piece of jewellery will be casual to go with their weekend outfit. After deciding on who I’m making the item of jewellery for I now need to describe what type of style they would like based on their personalities. To discover this I have conducted a survey on kwik surveys to help decide on a suitable piece of jewellery based on the likes and dislikes of my peers. The following link will link you to my survey: After receiving the results from the survey, I couldn't have agreed less with the overall choices. It
is proven that the majority of my class has requested the piece of jewellery to:  Be made for a teenager  Be made for teenagers in the age range of 16-25  Be made within a couple of weeks so it can be the best it can  Be a necklace with a good length which is able to fit everyone big and small  Be good to wear on the weekend out with friends and family  Not be animated and childish  Be made out of polymer clay so it has a good and hard result  Be thick enough to make a good hole on the side  Be strong so it doesn’t snap and is a good accessory to wear for a while

I had a range of responses about the colours so I have decided to choose my own colours I believe goes well with my final design. From this result I have now achieved from my survey will help me design and make my final piece of jewellery. To help get a better understanding of a teenager’s weekend needs I have decided to research some existing pieces of jewellery from Google which consists polymer clay and suits the needs and likes received from my survey. I then used these images to create an Animoto with a wide range of images with different, styles and colours etc. The following link will link you to the page were you will find the designs I personally liked and fit the likes and dislikes received from the survey.

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Research and Evaluation of Existing Designs
I have selected the following images of jewellery pieces as they will inspire me to design and create my own unique piece of jewellery which will fit my exploration of the need and evaluation. I have chosen the following images as I personally believe they fit the requirements needed to make the unique piece of jewellery and use a wide range of colours, shapes, styles etc.

I have decided to base my original design on images 6, 7 and 10 as I believe they are the best designs which suit my exploration of need to be worn out on the weekend. I will include image 6 as I want a singular pendent for the necklace and images 7 and 10 as I personally liked the unique design, bright colours and style.

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Research and Evaluation of Existing Designs
Image 6: Necklace
I have chosen the following necklace as an existing design as I thought the idea of a pendent to wear out on the weekend was better than a filled necklace which would be not only harder to make but more uncomfortable for the owner or person wearing the necklace. I also chose it as I liked the two shades of blue that were used, the style and texture and evenly shaped shape.
Black chain has been used which not only goes with the design of the necklace but is strong and stable. There is a unique swirl texture within all the uneven circles. The size of the pendent is good to be worn on the neck as well as the sizes of the circles on the pendent.

There are no holes which would keep the shape and style neat and tidy.

Black and the primary blue colour is used and a light shade of blue which won’t be hard to make The shape won’t be too difficult to make, I just need to make sure it is extra smooth and there’s no uneven curves. It has shells to add style, colour and more texture.

It is thick enough to make a hole through the side if I was to add one.

Image 7 & 10:
I have chosen the necklaces design 7 & 10 because I really loved the style of the stone and how the necklaces were designed and made. Not only the style but also the colour as it reminds me of an elegant party girl. These necklaces will go with a variety of outfits and will stand out for its different unique perspectives like shape and colour.
The gold chain goes with the necklace shape and colour. There are neat holes on the side which allows the pendants to hang on the chain. There are matching earrings to go with the necklace. I will only need one constant light blue colour which can be easily made using blue and white Silver diamantes have been used to add more texture and style to the design There are different sized shapes throughout the necklace.

There are no irrelevant holes which could lead to any difficulties.

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Generation and Evaluation of 2 Ideas with Annotations
I have designed two different ideas of what I would want to make my polymer clay necklace which will suit the needs of my audience who will wear it out on the weekend. Idea 1 (all made from polymer clay):

I decided to make this design the way it is as I was inspired by the tiger-like pattern from other images found on the internet and believed the colours, shape and style will stand out making the necklace unique and popular amongst the age group. The only thing I didn’t like about this idea was the black outline which will be challenging to do as you would have to have an evenly rolled out roll which will not join together (once finished) without being noticeable.

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Generation and Evaluation of 2 Ideas with Annotations
Idea 2 (all made from polymer clay):

I decided to make this design the way it is as I was inspired by the dinosaur-like teeth design from other images found on the internet and believe it is a unique design which will be popular amongst teenagers and other ages. The only thing that will be different to my design will be that the purple shapes won’t be as accurate and precise.

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Final Design with Dimensions and Materials
Final Design (all from polymer clay): Overall I personally believe Idea 2 has the best potential in

suiting my requirements for teenagers to wear out on the weekend with their chosen outfit. I made one correction by changing the main polymer clay colour from purple to orange. This is because I believe orange is a more bright, powerful and unique colour which suits the design concept and the original bead colours.

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Case Study
The following case studies are questions which are answered based on the Stage 5 Technology syllabus. Section 1 Design process
1. Evaluating Success: The financial and personal rewards that Dinosaur Designs’ partners can enjoy because of their company’s success include being able to work with your best friends or people of your own choice to create unique objects which will be available and appreciated by purchasing customers and being able to run your own successful design company. 2. Company’s success and popularity: It is indicated that the company’s success and popularity is shown through all the businesses they opened up, exhibitions they had their artwork in and amount of staff needed to make the unique pieces of jewellery and home ware for the inspired customers. 3. Design process undertaken by the team: Each time the Dinosaur Designs create a new piece of jewellery there are 3 steps they undertake where they can collaborate their work and create something magnificent.

4. Difference between Dinosaur Designs Design process and Angelo Kotsis: Dinosaur designs start their design process for jewellery by making prototype plasticine. They then create the mould and cast the resin. After, colours are mixed into clear resin, items are created then left to set correctly. Final touches are added and the object is

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Case Study
complete. On the other hand, Angelo Kotsis starts the design process for torches by finding inspiration then brainstorms ideas as to how the torch could look. Models were created using a 3D printer then were tested by manufactures. These two processes are similar as both design processes have an organised plan which if followed so their individual object can be aesthetically appealing to the eye and function correctly. They’re different because Dinosaur designs have an idea as to how the jewellery is going to turn out but Angelo Kotsis needs to go searching for inspiration in order to receive ideas about the look of the torch .
This way Angelo would be working off an idea not knowing what the final result will be.

5. Definition of hand-felt and finessing: What the designer means by hand-felt is how something feels in the hand for example the feeling of resin is relatively enjoyable and unique, as it is modern material. Finessing is described as making something better for example finessing products and understanding the jewellery being made so it’s made in the best way possible.

Section 2 Factors Influencing Design
1. 3 images Described:  Image 1: In the photo of the Plastique Installation for Melbourne Fashion Week there were a variety of elements of design included such as colours like red, yellow, blue and green, different sized shapes, straight string to hang each shapes to make the piece stand out and lighten up the room.  Image 2: In the photo of the Dinosaur Designs' silver resin inlay jewellery there was a range of elements used to complete the piece of jewellery for example the rectangular shapes which were made by straight and curved lines, the simple silver and maroon colours, the glasslike texture which is transparent allowing us to see through the resin etc.  Image 3: In the photo of the Louis Vuitton chess set pieces designed by Dinosaur Designs there were a variety of elements of design included such as different shapes for the pieces (for example king, queen etc), old dark colours such as white, black, brown and gold, checker like texture for the chess set and matching suitcase etc. 2. Occupational Health & Safety Practices need to be considered in a studio or workplace: Dinosaur Designs legally are obliged to protect the health, safety and welfare of their workers and other people who could be adversely affected by work carried out by the business. This can be undertaken by providing a safe and healthy working environment, safe systems of work, plant and substances in a safe condition, adequate facilities, adequate information, instruction and training. This way Dinosaur Designs will be an enjoyable workplace for all employers.

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Section 3 Roles of Designers
1. Alternative Career Paths for Designing object and/or Jewellery: An alternative career path that will give you the skills necessary for designing objects and/or jewellery will include crafting where you could learn the basics of objects and jewellery making. This alternative provides you with the knowledge of designing, making and repairing objects and/or jewellery that have both functional and artistic qualities, working with wood, metal, glass, leather, ceramics, textiles and other materials. 2. Dinosaur Designs Work: Not only do Dinosaur Designs work in jewellery but they also create unique pieces of home ware designs which are very popular and bought often as they are unique, creative and artistic. 3. Reasons people wear Jewellery: Jewellery has been known to humanity for millennia with an influence to be worn for various reasons such as time, culture, styles, social status and other significant factors. Depending on time and place, the designs and styles of jewellery change greatly. Some common reasons include, the higher the social status of person, more expensive material of jewellery or the more money spent on jewellery the better style and quality it will be made from. My favourite piece of jewellery would be necklaces which can be easily made to suit the outfit being worn, comfortably sit on your neck, add more quality and style to the outfit and in some occasions be the highlight of the outfit which will have an effect of the outfit not requiring further jewellery pieces such as earrings etc. For these reasons I have found that necklaces are the most useful, important and favourable piece of jewellery. 4. Dinosaur Designs Improvement to our Everyday Life: Dinosaur Designs improve everyday life by contributing their time and effects by inspiring the youth to dream big, think positive, and strive for something great. Their successful business has created jewellery which becomes valuable to people which will symbolise something significant in their lives. They create beautiful home wares which add style and texture to peopl e’s homes.

Section 4 Generating Ideas
1. Sketching Skills: I have practiced sketching to generate different ideas which will help me for my next project. These ideas will be found in my Generation and Evaluation of 2 Ideas with annotations. 2. Methods Used to Create Creative Ideas: Dinosaur Designs generated creative ideas by coming up with different solutions which will help them achieve a unique design. They followed different methods which consisted of:  Painting and screening fabrics or t-shirts from around the workplace or house to get ideas which will help make a range of jewellery.  Adaptation by meeting the products to suit the needs of the purchasing customers.  The 3 talented owners looked at the latest fashion and adapted their products to suit the market

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Section 5 Selects, Analyses, Presents and Applies Research
1. Experimentation and Testing: Experimenting and testing of design ideas was important for the development of Dinosaur Designs when they first started to sell their products as they noticed that the jewellery was more popular then the home ware as it was what the customers were interested in. By adapting to suit the market needs, Dinosaur Designs were able to make majority of their designs into unique pieces of jewellery making their creative ideas into a successful business. 2. Useful information for Jewellery Designers: Every jewellery designer will need to start by researching the current trends so that their jewellery pieces will suit the needs of the purchasing customers. Whether their using wood, plasticine, plaster or wax, the aspect of the design that is needed is quite sculptural as you will need to work very closely with your hands. Through this you can see that resin brings the human back into plastics and gives a point of difference in the areas that you work in.

Section 6 Mixed material Technologies
1. How to produce Multiple Copies of a Pendant: Mass producing a pendant, even on a small scale works in an assembly-line fashion, of a dozen of the same piece, were I will be able to complete several items to different pendants at a much faster paste than it would take me to make one from start to finish. Other than mass producing I could also produce multiple copies of a pendant by hiring professionals in this field to help create a number of replicas of this pendant at a slower paste or I could produce multiple couples by vulcanized rubber moulds which allows me to use wax models for the reproduction of the original pendant. This can be made in two part moulds, including and cold moulding methods. 2. How the pendant can be finished and its Visual Appeal: The pendant will not turn out perfect or exact after it has been mass-produced. The team of designers who make the pendant will eventually slack off towards the end therefore every pendant will not look accurate or similar. Once the charm has been created the designers could do simple things in order for it to be finished, some of these include; painting, glazing, beading, wiring etc. The visual appeal of this object is affected, but in a positive way. The pendant went from looking not finished and cheap to something aesthetical and valuable.

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3. Characteristics of products made from Polyester Resin: Polyester resins are popular and widely used throughout industries. In Dinosaur Designs polyester resin is used to make unique and valuable pieces of jewellery and home wares for purchasing customers. There are many other industries around the world that employ polyester resin to be used in its numerous beneficial properties, including the auto industry, which uses the material as an adhesive and even as wood filler. It is also commonly used in the construction of moulded reinforced fibre and composite products. Some characteristics exhibited by polyester resin include:  Colour: Polyester resin is pale colour that ranges from a pale grey colour to a dull and diluted white.  Thermosetting: They are malleable until they are heated making them permanently hard, even when visible to the same heat a second time.  Resistant: They are resistant to water and UV rays making, being useful for the marine industry.  Brittle: Due to the thermosetting nature of polyester resins, polyester resin can be fairly brittle because of its resistance to be bent or changed.  Viscosity: Polyester resins are generally viscous when working with so in order to lessen their viscosity, styrene is added which may create fumes. Dinosaur Designs have only focused on designing and producing jewellery and home wares using polyester resin, compared to other industries which focus on a much broader range, however use it for its identical characteristics.

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