OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System V100R003C02

Product Description
Issue Date 01 2011-06-30

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

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Issue 01 (2011-06-30)

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Symbol Conventions The symbols that may be found in this document are defined as follows.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description About This Document About This Document Related Versions The following table lists the product versions related to this document. Indicates a hazard with a medium or low level of risk. Ltd. will result in death or serious injury. which if not avoided.. Familiarity with the basic knowledge related to digital microwave communication technology will help you apply the information in this document. Product Name OptiX RTN 980 iManager U2000 Version V100R003C02 V100R005C00 Intended Audience This document is intended for network planning engineers. iii . could result in minor or moderate injury. Symbol Description Indicates a hazard with a high level of risk. which if not avoided. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

Update History Updates in Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Based on Product Version V100R003C02 This document is the first release for the V100R003C02 product version. General Conventions The general conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows.About This Document OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Symbol Description Indicates a potentially hazardous situation. Provides additional information to emphasize or supplement important points of the main text. Convention Times New Roman Boldface Italic Courier New Description Normal paragraphs are in Times New Roman. Ltd. and users are in boldface. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . performance degradation. data loss. which if not avoided. directories.. Examples of information displayed on the screen are in Courier New. iv Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. folders. Book titles are in italics. Names of files. or unexpected results. Indicates a tip that may help you solve a problem or save time. For example. could result in equipment damage. log in as user root.

...........................3 RF Configuration Modes............2-22 Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co...................................................................................................2-18 2............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5.....................1-7 2 Functions and Features............2-4 2.........................................................................................2 Modulation Strategy..................................................... v ........................................................................14 Easy Installation.............................................................................................................................2-20 2...................................................................................................................................................... Ltd.......................2-19 2........4.......................1 Service Interfaces................................2-17 2.........................4.............................2-10 2...............................................1 Network Application.................................................................................1-3 1............................................17 Environmental Protection............................................................................2-3 2.........................................................................................5 Interfaces.............................................2-9 2.................................................2-10 2.................................................12 Protection Capability....................................................................................................3 Switching Capacity...2..........................................................................................................................2-10 2.........................4...............................11 Clock Features...............................................2 Cross-Connect Capacity...........................7 Automatic Transmit Power Control..........................OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Contents Contents About This Document..............2-13 2...........................................................15 Easy Maintenance....................................2-21 2.......2 Components............2-6 2..........................................................2-6 2....................1 Fixed Modulation............................................................................................................................................5........................................................................2......2 Management and Auxiliary Interfaces........................................................1 Microwave Types.3 Radio Link Types..................9 Ethernet Service Processing Capability................iii 1 Introduction...............................................................13 Network Management....................................................................1.......2-8 2....................................................................................................................................................................................1-2 1.....................................2-10 2.......................16 Energy Saving...................................................2-8 2...........................................................................................................1 Air Interface Capacity....................................................................8 MPLS/PWE3 Function.......................1 SDH/PDH Microwave.....................................................................2 Adaptive Modulation........................................................................................................................................................................1-1 1.10 QoS........................................................................................................................2-1 2.............1...................................................................................2-6 2.......................................2-11 2......................................................................................2 Hybrid/Packet Integrated IP Microwave......................................4 Capacity......................................................2-22 2................................................2-17 2..2-14 2........................................................................................................................6 Cross-Polarization Interference Cancellation...............................................................................2-15 2.....................................................................2-3 2........................2-13 2........................................................................

....................3-1 3....................................................................................2..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................1................3-14 4 Networking and Applications.....................................3 Ethernet Interface Performance..............4-11 5 Network Management System..............................3-9 3.................3 ODU Software..................................1 Multi-directional Nodal Convergence...........................4-10 4......................1................................................................. 3-3 3........................3-2 3..................................................................................................................................................................................1 Traversing a TDM Network by Using the EoPDH Feature..............................................................................................6-30 vi Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co...............1 RF Performance..............1.........4-4 4....................................................1 Network Management Solution................................................................................................................................................................1...4-9 4.............................................................................................................................2 E1 Interface Performance..........................................................................................................................1 Microwave Work Modes......3-9 3....................3..........................................................................1 NMS Software.........................................................................2............................................1 CES Services.............................................................................................................................................................2...........................................................6-11 6........................1.............................................................2 Frequency Band.......3 Ethernet Services.................................3............5-1 5..............................2 Interface Performance...6-2 6............. Ltd..........................................................................................................................................................3-8 3...3-7 3.......................................................................................................................................................................3 U2000....................................................................7 Baseband Signal Processing Performance of the Modem......................................................................................6-20 6.......................3.........................4-2 4.. 5-2 5.......................................................................................................Contents OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 3 Product Structure.........................................................................................................1 System Architecture...................................................3 Receiver Sensitivity...............................................1...................................2.......................2 ODU.........................................................................................1...............................................1 IDU...............5-2 5............6-2 6..................................................3-8 3........................................................................3 Feature Application (Traversing the Original Network)...................6-27 6.......1 SDH Optical Interface Performance...........................6-26 6................1....................4-11 4................................................................2 Feature Application (MPLS Packet Service)...............4....3 Upstream Networking............................................................. 3-8 3.............................................................................4-6 4............... Issue 01 (2011-06-30) ..............................................................................................................................3 Software Structure............................................................3-9 3..........................................1....................................................2 Hardware Structure...................................................4-3 4...........................3 Packet Microwave.......4..........1..............................6 IF Performance............................2 Hybrid Microwave................................................2 Large-Capacity Microwave Convergence Ring..........2.......................................................................................................................................................4 Distortion Sensitivity..........................................................4...............5-3 6 Technical Specifications......................................2 ATM/IMA Services..............................6-28 6..............................................................................................1 Typical Network Topologies................................................................................4-6 4................................................................................................................4-2 4...2........6-27 6.3...6-1 6..............................................................2 IDU Software...4-1 4.........6-29 6...................................................2...3-11 3.6-7 6.......................6-19 6.............................1 SDH/PDH Microwave......................................2......................................................................4 Service Signal Processing Flow.................5 Transceiver Performance..............................................................................................2 Web LCT............................................3-3 3....

...............A-16 A..........................................................................................................................................................A-31 Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co..........6-31 6...................... Ltd................................... vii ....................A-2 A....................................................................................................A-11 A.....................4 Auxiliary Interface Performance............A-22 A...OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Contents 6...................................................................................................2......................3 F-J...........................A-2 A.......5 P-T.......................................................................................................................................6-33 A Glossary..............................2 A-E.......................................................................4 Integrated System Performance.....................................................6 U-Z..........4 K-O.............A-1 A...........................................................................................................................3 Clock Timing and Synchronization Performance.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................6-33 6.................................................................................................................................1 0-9...............................

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..................... 4-7 Figure 4-7 Compression of idle 64 kbit/s timeslots in TDM E1 signals...................................................2-14 Figure 3-1 Block diagram.....................................................................................................4-11 Figure 4-12 Traversing a TDM network using the EoPDH feature..................................................................................................OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Figures Figures Figure 1-1 Microwave transmission solution provided by the OptiX RTN 980..................................................................................................1-4 Figure 1-3 Direct mounting..........................................................4-3 Figure 4-3 Upstream ring network of TDM services...........................................................3-9 Figure 3-6 Service signal processing flow of the Hybrid microwave......................................4-8 Figure 4-8 Retiming synchronization mode of CES service clocks....................................................................................................... 2-7 Figure 2-5 CCDP channel configuration (with the application of the XPIC technology)..........................4-9 Figure 4-10 Example of ATM/IMA services .........................................................................................1-3 Figure 1-2 Appearance of the IDU 980................... 5-2 Figure 6-1 W-curve...................................................................................................................................................................................................................4-5 Figure 4-5 Upstream ring network of MPLS services......................2-13 Figure 2-6 Relationship between the RSL and TSL....... 4-5 Figure 4-6 Example of CES services...........................................................................................................................................................3-7 Figure 3-4 Software structure................................................................................................................................3-11 Figure 3-7 Flow of service signal processing............................................................. 2-4 Figure 2-3 Hybrid/Packet integrated IP microwave.....................................................4-4 Figure 4-4 Upstream ring network for Ethernet services..................4-12 Figure 5-1 Network management solution for transmission networks.................................................................................................1-6 Figure 2-1 SDH microwave....................................................................................4-2 Figure 4-2 Large-capacity convergence ring........................................................................................................6-20 Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.......3-2 Figure 3-2 IDU slot layout....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3-14 Figure 4-1 Multi-directional Nodal Convergence............................................................................................................................................................................................4-9 Figure 4-11 Example of E-Line services..................................................................................................................1-6 Figure 1-4 Separate mounting........................................................................................... 2-3 Figure 2-2 PDH microwave........4-8 Figure 4-9 Adaptive synchronization mode of CES service clocks.....................................................................................................3-8 Figure 3-5 Service signal processing flow of the SDH/PDH microwave...................................... ix ................... 3-4 Figure 3-3 Block diagram of the ODU......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Ltd............................................................2-5 Figure 2-4 Adaptive modulation.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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..OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Tables Tables Table 1-1 Features of the IDU 980....2-14 Table 2-8 Ethernet service processing capability............................................................. 6-3 Table 6-3 Integrated IP microwave work modes (IFU2 board/IFX2 board)...............................2-15 Table 2-9 QoS features...................................................................2-18 Table 2-11 Protection schemes......................................6-6 Table 6-7 Frequency Band (SP ODU)....................................................................................2-12 Table 2-7 MPLS/PWE3 functions.............................................................. xi ...............6-3 Table 6-4 Integrated IP microwave work modes (ISU2/ISX2 board................................. Native E1 + Ethernet service)....................6-7 Table 6-8 Frequency band (SPA ODU)..................................3-2 Table 3-2 List of IDU boards......................... switching.............................................................................2-8 Table 2-2 Air interface capacities...........................................................................................................................................................................6-8 Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6-8 Table 6-9 Frequency band (HP ODU)....................................................................................................................................................................... Ltd.............................1-5 Table 1-3 RTN XMC ODUs that the OptiX RTN 980 supports...................................3-14 Table 3-8 Service signal processing flow in the receive direction................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-4 Table 3-3 Service signal processing flow of the SDH/PDH microwave in the transmit direction.2-9 Table 2-3 Types and number of service interfaces that the system control..................................................................................................................2-11 Table 2-5 Types and number of management and auxiliary interfaces ................................2-20 Table 3-1 Functional units.......................6-6 Table 6-6 Integrated IP microwave work modes (ISX2 board........6-2 Table 6-2 SDH/PDH microwave work modes (ISU2/ISX2 board)....................................................................................................................3-13 Table 3-7 Service signal processing in the transmit direction..................................................................................................................3-10 Table 3-4 Service signal processing flow of the SDH/PDH microwave in the receive direction..........................................................................................1-4 Table 1-2 RTN 600 ODUs that the OptiX RTN 980 supports............................................................................................................................................. and timing board supports ....................1-7 Table 2-1 RF configuration modes....................................................................................................................................3-12 Table 3-6 Service signal processing flow of the Hybrid microwave in the receive direction...............................................................2-17 Table 2-10 Clock features......6-4 Table 6-5 Integrated IP microwave work modes (ISU2 board........3-15 Table 6-1 SDH/PDH microwave work modes (IF1 board)...............................2-10 Table 2-4 Types and number of service interfaces that each service interface board supports................................................................................. Native STM-1 + Ethernet service)....................................................1-5 Table 1-4 Radio link types that the OptiX RTN 980 supports..........................................................................................2-12 Table 2-6 Auxiliary services or paths provided by each microwave interface....... Native STM-1 + Ethernet service).......................................................................................................................3-10 Table 3-5 Service signal processing flow of the Hybrid microwave in the transmit direction.......2-18 Table 2-12 DCN information exchange schemes...........................................

............6-31 Table 6-44 FE electric interface performance..........................................6-32 xii Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co....................................................................................................................................................................6-31 Table 6-45 Orderwire interface performance.........6-21 Table 6-30 Transceiver performance (HP ODU)...........................................................................................................................................6-10 Table 6-14 Frequency band (XMC-1 ODU)........................................6-19 Table 6-27 Anti-multipath fading capability....................................6-30 Table 6-43 GE electric interface performance................................6-26 Table 6-36 IF performance.................................................6-15 Table 6-22 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity of the Integrated IP microwave (i............................................................................................................................. IF1 board).............. ISU2/ISX2 board) ......................................................................................................................................................................6-11 Table 6-16 Typical receiver sensitivity values of the SDH/PDH microwave (ii.................................................................................................................................................6-12 Table 6-18 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity of the Integrated IP microwave (i...........................................................6-17 Table 6-25 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity of the Integrated IP microwave (iv........................6-14 Table 6-20 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity of the Integrated IP microwave (iii...........................................................................................................6-17 Table 6-24 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity of the Integrated IP microwave (iii.........................................................................................................................6-25 Table 6-34 Frequency band (LPA ODU).....................................................................6-9 Table 6-11 Frequency band (XMC-2 ODU).... ISU2/ISX2 board) .............................................................................6-25 Table 6-35 Transceiver performance (XMC-1 ODU)........6-23 Table 6-32 Transceiver performance (XMC-2 ODU)................................................. ISU2/ISX2 board) ................6-15 Table 6-21 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity of the Integrated IP microwave (iv........................................................................ IFU2 board/IFX2 board) .. IF1 board)....................................................................6-26 Table 6-37 Baseband signal processing performance of the modem...................................................................6-19 Table 6-28 Transceiver Performance (SP ODU).............................................................................................................................................................. ISU2 board/ISX2 board (non-XPIC mode))................ ISU2 board/ISX2 board (non-XPIC mode))............................... Issue 01 (2011-06-30) ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................6-16 Table 6-23 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity of the Integrated IP microwave (ii.................................................................................................................................................................................................................6-9 Table 6-12 Frequency band (LP ODU)............................................................................................6-12 Table 6-17 Typical receiver sensitivity values of the SDH microwave (ISU2/ISX2 board)...6-18 Table 6-26 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity of the Integrated IP microwave (v...................................................6-28 Table 6-40 STM-1 electrical interface performance......................6-27 Table 6-38 STM-4 optical interface performance................................................................................................. IFU2/IFX2 board) .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................6-29 Table 6-41 E1 interface performance..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................6-28 Table 6-39 STM-1 optical interface performance..................................................................................6-22 Table 6-31 Frequency Band (HPA ODU)...... Ltd...........................................6-30 Table 6-42 Performance of the GE optical interface ...............................Tables OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Table 6-10 Frequency Band (HPA ODU)....................................................................................6-10 Table 6-15 Typical receiver sensitivity values of the SDH/PDH microwave (i.......................................................6-20 Table 6-29 Transceiver performance (SPA ODU).....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................6-13 Table 6-19 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity of the Integrated IP microwave (ii......................... IFU2/IFX2 board) .......................................................................................................................6-10 Table 6-13 Frequency band (LPA ODU)...........................................................................................6-23 Table 6-33 Transceiver performance (LP ODU)....... IFU2 board/IFX2 board) .............................................................

............................................................6-33 Table 6-49 Clock timing and synchronization performance......................................................................................................................................................................... Ltd..........................6-35 Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.................................6-34 Table 6-54 Environment performance......................................................................................................................................................6-34 Table 6-52 Typical power consumption....................................................................................................................6-32 Table 6-48 Wayside service interface performance.......... xiii .............................................................................................................................................................................................................6-33 Table 6-50 Dimensions............................................................................OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Tables Table 6-46 Synchronous data interface performance.6-34 Table 6-53 Power Supply..............................................................................................6-34 Table 6-51 Typical weight..................6-32 Table 6-47 Asynchronous data interface performance........

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It provides a seamless microwave transmission solution for mobile communication network or private networks.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 1 Introduction 1 About This Chapter Introduction The OptiX RTN 980 is a product in the OptiX RTN 900 radio transmission system series. Each ODU is connected to the IDU through an IF cable. 1-1 .. 1. Ltd.1 Network Application The OptiX RTN 900 is a new generation TDM/Hybrid/Packet integrated microwave transmission system developed by Huawei. The system consists of the IDU 980 and the ODU.3 Radio Link Types The OptiX RTN 980 provides the radio links of various types in which different IF boards and ODUs are configured for diverse microwave application scenarios. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 1. 1.2 Components The OptiX RTN 980 adopts a split structure.

and supports multiple protection schemes.Figure 1-1 shows the microwave transmission solution provided by the OptiX RTN 980. 1-2 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. It supports the convergence of up to 14 radio links. this solution meets the transmission requirements of 2G and 3G networks while also allowing for integration with future LTE and 4G networks. and from Hybrid microwave to Packet microwave. Therefore. The IDU of the OptiX RTN 980 is 5U high and supports one to fourteen IF boards. Ltd.. The IDU of the OptiX RTN 950 is 2U high and supports one to six IF boards. achieving smooth upgrade from TDM microwave to Hybrid microwave. OptiX RTN 950. The OptiX RTN 900 series provide a variety of service interfaces and can be installed easily and configured flexibly. Hybrid microwave. This solution is able to adapt to changing service scenarios brought about by evolutions in radio mobile networks. l l l The IDU of the OptiX RTN 910 is 1U high and supports one or two IF boards.1 Network Application The OptiX RTN 900 is a new generation TDM/Hybrid/Packet integrated microwave transmission system developed by Huawei. OptiX RTN 980 Figure 1-1 shows the microwave transmission solution provided by the OptiX RTN 980. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . The OptiX RTN 980 is large-capacity nodal microwave equipment deployed at the convergence layer. The OptiX RTN 900 series provide a solution that can integrate TDM microwave. and Packet microwave technologies according to the networking scheme for the sites. Users can choose the product best suited for their site.1 Introduction OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 1. OptiX RTN 900 Product Family There are three types of OptiX RTN 900 products: OptiX RTN 910. and OptiX RTN 980. It provides a seamless microwave transmission solution for mobile communication network or private networks. NOTE All the products in the OptiX RTN 900 series use the same types of IF and service interface boards.

l The OptiX RTN 980 supports the Ethernet over PDH (EoPDH) function. packet services can be backhauled through a TDM network. the OptiX RTN 980 is connected to an RNC and BSC directly or through a regional backhaul network.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 1 Introduction Figure 1-1 Microwave transmission solution provided by the OptiX RTN 980 Raido trassmission network Regional backhaul network STM-1/4 TDM Network (SDH) STM-1/4 STM-1/4 Packet Network (PTN) FE/GE ATM GE FE/GE Ethernet Network FE/GE (Metro) Radio link OptiX RTN 980 Cable/fiber OptiX RTN 910/950 RNC BSC NOTE l In this solution. l The OptiX RTN 980 provides a wide range of interfaces and service bearer technologies to adapt to the regional backhaul network. 1. ATM. Therefore. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The regional backhaul network can be a time-division multiplexing (TDM) network or packet switching network (PSN). l The OptiX RTN 980 supports the pseudo wire emulation edge-to-edge (PWE3) technology.. The system consists of the IDU 980 and the ODU.2 Components The OptiX RTN 980 adopts a split structure. 1-3 . TDM. and Ethernet services can be backhauled through a PSN. Each ODU is connected to the IDU through an IF cable. Therefore. Ltd.

Table 1-1 lists the basic features of the IDU 980. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . It receives and multiplexes services. and provides the system control and communications function. Ltd. performs service processing and IF processing.. Table 1-1 Features of the IDU 980 Item Chassis height Pluggable Number of microwave directions RF configuration mode Description 5U Supported 1 to 14 1+0 non-protection configuration N+0 non-protection configuration 1+1 protection configuration N+1 protection configuration(N ≤ 7) XPIC configuration Figure 1-2 Appearance of the IDU 980 1-4 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.1 Introduction OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description IDU 980 The IDU 980 is the indoor unit for an OptiX RTN 980 system.

the 18 GHz frequency band uses 13.5/7/14/28 MHz Table 1-3 RTN XMC ODUs that the OptiX RTN 980 supports Item Description High Power ODU ODU type Frequency band Microwave modulation scheme Channel spacing Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Low Capacity for PDH ODU XMC-1 7/8/11/13/15/18/23 GHz QPSK/16QAM 3. . or 56 MHz channel spacing. It converts frequencies and amplifies signals. 28 MHz. The OptiX RTN 900 product series can use the RTN 600 ODU and RTN XMC ODU. Ltd.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 1 Introduction ODU The ODU is the outdoor unit for the OptiX RTN 900. HPA 6/7/8/10/10.5 MHz. or 55 MHz channel spacing.75 MHz. NOTE Unlike the other frequency bands that use 14 MHz.5/7/14/28 MHz High Power ODU HP. covering the entire frequency band from 6 GHz to 38 GHz.5/7/14/28 MHz 1-5 XMC-2 7/8/11/13/15/18/23/26/38 GHz QPSK/16QAM/32QAM/ 64QAM/128QAM/256QAM 7/14/28/40/56 MHz Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. SPA 7/8/11/13/15/18/23/ 26/38 GHz (SP ODU) 6/7/8/11/13/15/18/2 3 GHz (SPA ODU) Microwave modulation scheme Channel spacing QPSK/16QAM/ 32QAM/64QAM/ 128QAM/256QAM 3. LPA 7/8/11/13/15/18/23 GHz (LP) 7/8/11/13/15/18/23/ 26/32/38 GHz (LPA) QPSK/16QAM 3. Table 1-2 RTN 600 ODUs that the OptiX RTN 980 supports Item Description Standard Power ODU ODU type Frequency band SP.5 GHz) Low Capacity for PDH ODU LP.. 27.5/11/13/ 15/18/23/26/28/32/3 8 GHz (HP) 7/8/11/13/15/18/23 GHz (HPA) QPSK/16QAM/ 32QAM/64QAM/ 128QAM/256QAM 7/14/28/40/56 MHz (6/7/8/10/11/13/15/1 8/23/26/28/32/38 GHz) 7/14/28 MHz (10.

if one ODU is configured for one antenna. l The direct mounting method is usually used when a small-diameter and single-polarized antenna is used. In this situation. If two ODUs are configured for one antenna.1 Introduction OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description There are two methods for mounting the ODU and the antenna: direct mounting and separate mounting. Figure 1-3 illustrates the direct mounting method. Figure 1-4 Separate mounting 1-6 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the ODU is directly mounted at the back of the antenna. Ltd. Figure 1-4 shows the separate mounting method. a hybrid coupler can be mounted (two ODUs share one feed boom). Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . an RF signal combiner/splitter (hence referred to as a hybrid coupler) must be mounted to connect the ODUs to the antenna. In this situation.. Figure 1-3 Direct mounting l The separate mounting method is used when a double-polarized antenna or big-diameter and single-polarized antenna is used.

1. Switching.7 m along with the corresponding feeder system.3 m to 3. 1-7 .OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 1 Introduction NOTE The OptiX RTN 980 provides an antenna solution that covers the entire frequency band.3 Radio Link Types The OptiX RTN 980 provides the radio links of various types in which different IF boards and ODUs are configured for diverse microwave application scenarios. and supports single-polarized antennas and dual-polarized antennas with diameters of 0. Table 1-4 Radio link types that the OptiX RTN 980 supports Radio Link Type System Control. Ltd.. and Timing Board CSHN CSHN IF Board ODU Low-capacity PDH microwave SDH/PDH microwave High-capacity SDH microwave High-capacity SDH microwave supporting XPIC Hybrid/Packet microwave Hybrid/Packet microwave supporting XPIC IF1 IF1 Low capacity for PDH ODU Standard power ODU or high power ODU Standard power ODU or high power ODU Standard power ODU or high power ODU Standard power ODU or high power ODU Standard power ODU or high power ODU CSHN ISU2 CSHN ISX2 CSHN IFU2/ISU2 CSHN IFX2/ISX2 Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

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4 Capacity The OptiX RTN 980 is a high-capacity device. Ltd.6 Cross-Polarization Interference Cancellation Cross-polarization interference cancellation (XPIC) technology is used together with co-channel dual-polarization (CCDP).2 Modulation Strategy The SDH/PDH microwave supports fixed modulation. The application of the two technologies doubles the wireless link capacity over the same channel. N+0 non-protection configuration. 1+1 protection configuration. 2. 2. 2-1 .8 MPLS/PWE3 Function The OptiX RTN 980 uses an MPLS that is optimized for the telecom bearer network as the packet forwarding mechanism for packet transmission of carrier-class services. 2. 2.. 2. and XPIC configuration.5 Interfaces The OptiX RTN 980 provides a variety of interfaces. 2. 2. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The Hybrid/Packet microwave supports fixed modulation and adaptive modulation.3 RF Configuration Modes The OptiX RTN 980 supports 1+0 non-protection configuration. The OptiX RTN 980 uses PWE3 technology as the service bearer technology to implement MPLS network access for various types of services.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 2 Functions and Features 2 About This Chapter Functions and Features The OptiX RTN 980 provides a wide assortment of functions and features to ensure the quality and efficiency of service transmission.7 Automatic Transmit Power Control Automatic transmit power control (ATPC) enables the output power of the transmitter to automatically trace the level fluctuation at the receive end within the ATPC control range. This feature reduces the interference with neighboring systems and residual BER. N+1 protection configuration. 2.1 Microwave Types The microwave type is determined by the IF board and the configured working mode.

EF. 2. 2-2 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The device: 2.13 Network Management The OptiX RTN 980 supports multiple network management (NM) modes and provides comprehensive NM information exchange schemes. and CS7. Ltd. and video services. 2. voice.12 Protection Capability The OptiX RTN 980 provides a variety of protection schemes. 2.16 Energy Saving The OptiX RTN 980 uses various types of technologies to reduce the amount of energy that the device consumes.2 Functions and Features OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 2.10 QoS The OptiX RTN 980 provides improved quality of service (QoS) and supports the following eight types of per-hop behaviors (PHBs): BE. the installation is flexible and convenient. That is.11 Clock Features The clock features of the OptiX RTN 980 can transport the clock of the mobile communication network and provide a complete selection of clock protection mechanisms. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . Therefore. AF2. 2.14 Easy Installation The OptiX RTN 980 supports several installation modes. 2. network carriers can offer various QoS levels of service guarantees and build networks that carry data. AF3. The product complies with the RoHS directive. 2. AF4. 2. CS6.17 Environmental Protection The OptiX RTN 980 is designed to meet or exceed environmental protection requirements.9 Ethernet Service Processing Capability The OptiX RTN 980 has powerful Ethernet service processing capability..15 Easy Maintenance The OptiX RTN 980 provides several maintenance features that effectively reduce the costs associated with maintaining the equipment. AF1.

OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2 Functions and Features

2.1 Microwave Types
The microwave type is determined by the IF board and the configured working mode. 2.1.1 SDH/PDH Microwave The SDH microwave refers to the microwave that transmits SDH services. The PDH microwave refers to the microwave that transmits only PDH services (mainly, the E1 services). 2.1.2 Hybrid/Packet Integrated IP Microwave The Hybrid/Packet integrated IP microwave (Integrated IP radio for short) can transmit one type among or a combination of Native TDM services, Native Ethernet services, and PWE3 packet services according to software settings. Therefore, the Integrated IP radio achieves a smooth upgrade from Hybrid microwave to Packet microwave.

2.1.1 SDH/PDH Microwave
The SDH microwave refers to the microwave that transmits SDH services. The PDH microwave refers to the microwave that transmits only PDH services (mainly, the E1 services).
NOTE

The IF1 board can work in TU-12-based PDH microwave mode or STM-1-based SDH microwave mode. The ISU2/ISX2 board can work in SDH mode to support transmission of one STM-1 or two STM-1s.

SDH Microwave
Unlike conventional SDH microwave equipment, the OptiX RTN 980 has a built-in MADM. The MADM grooms services to the microwave port through cross-connections, maps the services into the STM-1-based or 2xSTM-1-based microwave frames, and then transmits the frames. With this capability, services are flexibly groomed and the optical network and the microwave network are seamlessly converged. Figure 2-1 SDH microwave
IDU SDH ODU SDH radio

OH ……

MADM

OH ……

E1

PDH Microwave
Unlike conventional PDH microwave equipment, the OptiX RTN 980 has a built-in MADM. The MADM grooms E1 services to the microwave port for further transmission. With this
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OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description

capability, services are flexibly groomed and the optical network and the microwave network are seamlessly converged. Figure 2-2 PDH microwave
IDU SDH ODU PDH radio

OH ……

MADM

E1

2.1.2 Hybrid/Packet Integrated IP Microwave
The Hybrid/Packet integrated IP microwave (Integrated IP radio for short) can transmit one type among or a combination of Native TDM services, Native Ethernet services, and PWE3 packet services according to software settings. Therefore, the Integrated IP radio achieves a smooth upgrade from Hybrid microwave to Packet microwave. IP microwave can transmit packet services and support the AM function. The packet services transmitted can be Native Ethernet services or packet services encapsulated in PWE3. Conventional IP microwave is divided into two different types: Hybrid microwave and Packet microwave. l l Hybrid microwave: Native TDM services and Native Ethernet services can be transmitted through the air interface. Packet microwave: TDM services, ATM/IMA services, and Ethernet services after PWE3 encapsulation are transmitted through the air interface.

The OptiX RTN 980 supports the Hybrid/Packet integrated IP microwave (integrated IP microwave or Integrated IP radio), and can transmit any or several of the following three types of services: Native TDM, Native Ethernet, and packet services encapsulated in PWE3 based on the software configuration of the equipment. Therefore, the equipment can support Hybrid and Packet microwave at the same time, and support a smooth upgrade from Hybrid microwave to Packet microwave.
NOTE

General-purpose IF boards, the IFU2, IFX2, ISU2, and ISX2 boards, support Integrated IP radio.

To achieve flexible grooming of TDM services and packet services on the Integrated IP radio, the OptiX RTN 980 is embedded with dual service planes: TDM service processing plane and packet service processing plane. TDM services and packet services can be flexibly transmitted over the integrated IP microwave, as shown in Figure 2-3. l
2-4

TDM service processing plane
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2 Functions and Features

Performs cross-connections on the incoming TDM services (E1 services or STM-1 services), and transmits the services to the microwave ports. l Packet service processing plane Performs PWE3 emulation on the incoming services (E1 services, ATM/IMA services, and Ethernet services), encapsulates them into the MPLS packets, and transmits the Ethernet frames that bear the MPLS packets to the microwave ports. Ethernet services are directly transmitted to the microwave ports in Native mode after Layer 2 switching. Native TDM services, MPLS packets, or Native Ethernet services need to be groomed to the microwave port, encapsulated into microwave frames, and then transmitted on microwave links. The Integrated IP radio serves as Hybrid microwave when TDM services are scheduled to the microwave port over the TDM service processing plane and Ethernet services are scheduled to the microwave port over the packet service processing plane; the Integrated IP radio serves as Packet microwave when all services are encapsulated into MPLS/PWE3 packets on the packet service processing plane and then scheduled to the microwave port. Figure 2-3 Hybrid/Packet integrated IP microwave

Native TDM channel (E1 or STM-1) Native Ehternet

IDU STM-1/4 E1 IMA E1 TDM cross-connect matrix ODU

Hybrid radio Native TDM channel (E1 or STM-1) TDM PWE3 (CES E1) MPLS tunnel ATM PWE3 ETH PWE3 Mixed service in evolution

PWE3 Layer2 Proccess

Packet switching

FE/GE

TDM PWE3 (CES E1) ATM PWE3 MPLS tunnel ETH PWE3 Pure Packet radio The Integrated IP radio supports smooth upgrade

The Hybrid/Packet integrated IP microwave has the following features:
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2.1 Fixed Modulation Fixed modulation refers to a modulation policy in which a modulation scheme is adopted invariably to provide constant air interface bandwidth for a running radio link. The highestpriority services are transmitted with precedence. and Native Ethernet services.1 Fixed Modulation Fixed modulation refers to a modulation policy in which a modulation scheme is adopted invariably to provide constant air interface bandwidth for a running radio link.2. Ltd. The Hybrid/Packet microwave supports fixed modulation and adaptive modulation. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . the modulation scheme and the channel spacing can be set by using software. MPLS PWE3 services. Various combinations of modulation schemes and channel spacings can be set. This improves transmission efficiency and spectrum utilization of the system. which helps ensure the link availability for higher-priority services. 2. With configurable priorities for E1 services and packet services. the equipment adopts a high-efficiency modulation scheme to transmit more user services.2 Functions and Features OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description l l Transmits one. l When the channel quality is good (such as on days when weather conditions are favorable). When AM is switched to the reference mode. This method improves anti-interference capabilities of the radio link.2.. in the case of the same channel spacing. the higher the bandwidth of the transmitted services. 2. When the channel quality deteriorates (such as on days with adverse weather). E1 services and packet services can be configured with priority. 2. l In Integrated IP radio mode. 2. the higher the modulation efficiency. When the AM technology is adopted.2 Adaptive Modulation The adaptive modulation (AM) technology adjusts the modulation scheme automatically based on channel quality. 2-6 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the equipment adopts a low-efficiency modulation scheme to transmit only higher-priority services within the available bandwidth while discarding lower-priority services.2. When the OptiX RTN 980 uses fixed modulation. the transmission is controlled based on the service bandwidth and QoS policies corresponding to the current modulation scheme.2 Adaptive Modulation The adaptive modulation (AM) technology adjusts the modulation scheme automatically based on channel quality. the services with higher priority are transmitted with preference. The Integrated IP radio link supports fixed modulation. 2.2 Modulation Strategy The SDH/PDH microwave supports fixed modulation. the microwave service bandwidth varies according to the modulation scheme. the equipment supports the AM technology. Supports the AM function. l l The SDH/PDH radio link uses fixed modulation. or several of the TDM services.

OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description NOTE 2 Functions and Features In Integrated IP radio mode. only the E1 services whose number is specified in the new modulation scheme can be transmitted and the excess E1 services are discarded. When modulation scheme switching occurs.. when the equipment transmits STM-1 services and packet services at the same time. The blue part indicates packet services. the service capacity varies according to the modulation scheme. packet services are scheduled to queues with different priorities. Ltd. certain services or all the services in these queues are discarded. The closer the service is to the outside of the cylinder in the figure. Figure 2-4 Adaptive modulation 256QAM 128QAM 64QAM 32QAM 16QAM QPSK Channel Capability 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM E1 Services Ethernet Services 256QAM The AM technology used by the OptiX RTN 980 has the following characteristics: Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. certain queues may be congested due to insufficient capacity at the air interface. Under all channel conditions. The services in different queues are transmitted to the microwave port after running the queue scheduling algorithm. The orange part indicates E1 services. the lower the service priority. l Priorities of E1 services The priorities of E1 services are assigned based on the number of E1 services that each modulation scheme can transmit. Figure 2-4 shows the change in services brought by the AM technology. 2-7 . As a result. l Priorities of packet services With the QoS technology. lower-priority services are discarded. When the channel conditions are unfavorable (during adverse weather conditions). When modulation scheme switching occurs. STM-1 services have highest priority and their transmission is ensured.

MPLS APS or PW APS can be configured for packet services. N+1 protection configuration. the specific RF configuration (namely. modulation scheme switching is hitless. receive frequency. when modulation schemes are switched. and XPIC configuration. 32QAM. Ltd. l Two XPIC workgroups can form the XPIC 1+1 protection configuration. l PDH microwave does not support N+1 protection or XPIC configuration. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) .4. high-priority services will not be affected when low-priority services are discarded. Maximum Number of Configurations 14 7 7 7 7 2. SNCP can be configured for SDH/PDH services and ERPS can be configured for Ethernet services. On a Hybrid microwave ring network.2 Functions and Features OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description l l The AM technology uses the QPSK. 16QAM. modulation schemes are switched step-by-step. Table 2-1 lists the supported RF link configuration modes. the transmit frequency. When the modulation scheme is downshifted. The switching is successful even when 100 dB/s channel fast fading occurs. l When two radio links in 1+0 non-protection configuration form a microwave ring network. 2. The lowest-efficiency modulation scheme (also called reference scheme or modulation scheme of guaranteed capacity) and the highest-efficiency modulation scheme (also called nominal scheme or modulation scheme of full capacity) used by the AM can be configured. and channel spacing remain unchanged. l l l 2.1 Air Interface Capacity 2-8 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. On a packet microwave ring network. Table 2-1 RF configuration modes Configuration Mode 1+0 non-protection configuration 1+1 protection configuration (1+1 HSB/FD/ SD) N+0 non-protection configuration (N ≤ 14) N+1 protection configuration (N ≤ 7) XPIC configuration NOTE l 1+0 configuration in N directions is also called Nx(1+0) configuration. 64QAM. east and west configuration) is formed. In AM. 128QAM. In AM. 1+1 protection configuration. and 256QAM modulation schemes. N+0 non-protection configuration..4 Capacity The OptiX RTN 980 is a high-capacity device.3 RF Configuration Modes The OptiX RTN 980 supports 1+0 non-protection configuration. In AM.

Table 2-2 lists the microwave air interface capacities that the OptiX RTN 980 supports. ODU type. IP microwav e (Native Ethernet throughpu t) IFU2 IFX2 ISU2 ISX2 NOTE The XPIC function doubles the service capacity of the microwave channel at the same frequency bandwidth. The XPIC function is provided using two IFX2 boards. 2.. 2. and microwave working mode.3 Switching Capacity The OptiX RTN 980 has a built-in packet processing platform with the switching capacity of 22 Gbit/s. and microwave working mode. The XPIC function is provided using two ISX2 boards. Table 2-2 Air interface capacities Radio Link IF Board Maximu m Air Interface Capacity 53xE1 1xSTM-1 2xSTM-1 2xSTM-1 420 Mbit/s 410 Mbit/s 456 Mbit/s 456 Mbit/s XPIC Configur ation Not supported Not supported Not supported Supported Not supported Supported Not supported Supported Remarks PDH SDH SDH IF1 IF1 ISU2 ISX2 Supports 16xE1s when the lowcapacity PDH ODU is used.4. Ltd. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.4. 2-9 . ODU type.1 Air Interface Capacity The microwave air interface capacity depends on the IF board.4.2 Cross-Connect Capacity The OptiX RTN 980 has a built-in MADM and provides 128x128 VC-4 higher order crossconnections and VC-12/VC-3 lower order cross-connections equivalent to 32x32 VC-4s. The XPIC function is provided using two ISX2 boards. 2.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 2 Functions and Features The microwave air interface capacity depends on the IF board.

2 Functions and Features

OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2.4.2 Cross-Connect Capacity
The OptiX RTN 980 has a built-in MADM and provides 128x128 VC-4 higher order crossconnections and VC-12/VC-3 lower order cross-connections equivalent to 32x32 VC-4s.

2.4.3 Switching Capacity
The OptiX RTN 980 has a built-in packet processing platform with the switching capacity of 22 Gbit/s.

2.5 Interfaces
The OptiX RTN 980 provides a variety of interfaces. 2.5.1 Service Interfaces The OptiX RTN 980 provides the interfaces that converge SDH services and Ethernet services on the system control, switching, and timing board, and it is able to provide a wide-assortment of service interfaces by configuring appropriate service interface boards. 2.5.2 Management and Auxiliary Interfaces The OptiX RTN 980 provides the management and auxiliary interfaces through the system control, switching, and timing board and the auxiliary board.

2.5.1 Service Interfaces
The OptiX RTN 980 provides the interfaces that converge SDH services and Ethernet services on the system control, switching, and timing board, and it is able to provide a wide-assortment of service interfaces by configuring appropriate service interface boards. Table 2-3 lists the types and number of service interfaces that the system control, switching, and timing board supports for the OptiX RTN 980. Table 2-3 Types and number of service interfaces that the system control, switching, and timing board supports System Control, Switching, and Timing Board CSHN Service Interface Quantity

GE electrical interface (RJ45): 10/100/1000BASET(X) or GE optical interface (SFP): 1000BASE-SX, 1000BASELX STM-4 optical interface (SFP), or STM-1 optical interface (SFP)

2

2

2-10

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Table 2-4 lists the types and number of service interfaces that each service interface board supports for the OptiX RTN 980. Table 2-4 Types and number of service interfaces that each service interface board supports Service Interface Board EM6T/EM6TA Service Interface FE electrical interface (RJ45): 10/100BASE-T(X) GE electrical interface (RJ45): 10/100/1000BASET(X) EM6F/EM6FA FE electrical interface (RJ45): 10/100BASE-T(X) GE electrical interface (SFP): 10/100/1000BASE-T(X) or GE optical interface (SFP): 1000BASE-SX, 1000BASELX EFP8 SP3S SP3D SL1D FE electrical interface (RJ45): 10/100BASE-T(X) 75-ohm or 120-ohm E1 interface 75-ohm or 120-ohm E1 interface STM-1 electrical interface (SFP) or STM-1 optical interface (SFP): Ie-1, S-1.1, L-1.1, and L-1.2 ML1 75-ohm or 120-ohm Smart E1 interface: supports CES E1, IMA E1, or Fractional E1 75-ohm or 120-ohm Smart E1 interface: supports CES E1, IMA E1, or Fractional E1 16 8 16 32 2 Quantity 4 2

4 2

MD1

32

2.5.2 Management and Auxiliary Interfaces
The OptiX RTN 980 provides the management and auxiliary interfaces through the system control, switching, and timing board and the auxiliary board.

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OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description

Table 2-5 Types and number of management and auxiliary interfaces Interface External clock interface Management interface Description Combined 120-ohm 2,048 kbit/s or 2,048 kHz clock input and output interface 10/100BASE-T(X) NM interface NM serial interface 10/100BASE-T(X) NE cascading interface Auxiliary interface Orderwire interface RS-232 asynchronous data interface 64 kbit/s synchronous data interface Wayside E1 interface Alarm interface Alarm input/output interface Quantity 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Four inputs and two outputs

NOTE

l The external clock interface and the wayside E1 interface are combined into one physical interface. This interface can also transparently transmit the DCC bytes, orderwire overhead bytes, and synchronous/asynchronous data overhead bytes. However, this interface can implement only one function at a time. l The 64 kbit/s synchronous data interface can also transparently transmit an orderwire byte, but cannot transmit the synchronous data in this case. l The CSHN board provides the external clock interface and the management interface. The AUX board provides the auxiliary interface and the alarm interface. l The number of external clock interfaces or the number of management interfaces listed in the table is the number of interfaces provided by one CST/CSH board.

Auxiliary services and NM messages are transmitted by overhead bytes over a radio link. For details, see Table 2-6. Table 2-6 Auxiliary services or paths provided by each microwave interface Service/Message Type Microwave Frame Overhead Quantity of Paths Asynchronous data service Synchronous data service Orderwire phone service Wayside E1 service 1 1 1 1 Path Rate ≤ 19.2 kbit/s 64 kbit/s 64 kbit/s 2048 kbit/s

2-12

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Ideally. 2-13 . XPIC technology is used to receive signals horizontally and vertically.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 2 Functions and Features Service/Message Type Microwave Frame Overhead Quantity of Paths Path Rate 64 kbit/s (in the PDH radio link which the capacity is lower than 16xE1) 192 kbit/s (in the PDH radio link which the capacity is not lower than 16xE1) 192 kbit/s (in Integrated IP radio link) 192 kbit/s.. for CCDP transmissions. or 768kbit/s (in the SDH radio link) DCC path 1 2. The application of the two technologies doubles the wireless link capacity over the same channel. 576kbit/s. The signals in the two directions are then processed and the original signals are recovered from interfered signals. Figure 2-5 CCDP channel configuration (with the application of the XPIC technology) Site A Modem Service Service Modem ODU 2 ODU 1 f1 H V f1 f1 ODU 2 Modem Site B Modem f1 f1 ODU 1 Service Service 2. To cancel the interference. there will not be any interference between the two orthogonal signals although they are on the same frequency. interference between the signals inevitably occurs due to cross-polarization discrimination (XPD) of the antenna and channel degradation. This feature reduces the interference with neighboring systems and residual BER.7 Automatic Transmit Power Control Automatic transmit power control (ATPC) enables the output power of the transmitter to automatically trace the level fluctuation at the receive end within the ATPC control range. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. CCDP transmission adopts a horizontally polarized wave and a vertically polarized wave on one channel to transmit two channels of signals. Ltd.6 Cross-Polarization Interference Cancellation Cross-polarization interference cancellation (XPIC) technology is used together with co-channel dual-polarization (CCDP). In actual practice. despite the orthogonality of the two signals.

1710 and ITU-T Y. Ltd. The OptiX RTN 980 uses PWE3 technology as the service bearer technology to implement MPLS network access for various types of services. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) ..8 MPLS/PWE3 Function The OptiX RTN 980 uses an MPLS that is optimized for the telecom bearer network as the packet forwarding mechanism for packet transmission of carrier-class services.2 Functions and Features OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Figure 2-6 Relationship between the RSL and TSL TSL/RSL TSL Up-fading Central value of the ATPC upper threshold and the ATPC lower threshold 2 dB RSL 2 dB Down-fading T 2.1711 l LSP ping and LSP traceroute functions PWE3 TDM PWE3 Emulation mode Packet loading time Jitter compensatio n buffering time Supports the SAToP emulation and CESoPSN emulation of E1 services. Table 2-7 MPLS/PWE3 functions Function and Feature MPLS tunnel Setup mode Protection OAM Description Static LSPs 1:1 MPLS tunnel APS Supports the following OAM functions: l MPLS OAM that complies with ITU-T Y. 125 μs to 5000 μs 375 μs to 16000 μs 2-14 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

1:1 PW APS Supports the following OAM functions: l VCCV l PW OAM that complies with ITU-T Y. 1710 and ITU-T Y. Supports E-Line services. 2-15 .. 31 125 μs to 50000 μs Supports direct encapsulation and encapsulation by adding tags.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 2 Functions and Features Function and Feature ATM PWE3 Mapping mode Maximum number of concatenated cells Cell concatenatio n wait time ETH PWE3 Encapsulatio n mode Service type Setup mode Numbers of PWs Protection OAM Description Supports one-to-one and N-to-one VCC/VPC mapping. Static PWs Supports a maximum of 1024 PWs. Ltd. l PW ping and PW traceroute functions MS-PW Configurable bandwidth Supported Supported 2. Table 2-8 Ethernet service processing capability Item Ethernet service type Range of maximum frame length Description E-Line and E-LAN 1518 bytes to 9600 bytes Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.9 Ethernet Service Processing Capability The OptiX RTN 980 has powerful Ethernet service processing capability.1711.

Supports IEEE 802. l The capacity of the MAC address table is 16 k (including static entities). or MPLS label.and IEEE 802.10 QoS. Spanning tree Supports the MSTP protocol.8262–compliant synchronous Ethernet. l MAC addresses can be filtered. and forwards packets based on VLAN tags. For details. The EFP8 board provides the EoPDH function. l Static MAC address entries can be set.. Supported. Supports QoS.3x-complaint traffic control function. Supports the IEEE 802. see 2.3ah-compliant ETH-OAM function. deletes. Supports IETF RFC2819–compliant RMON performance monitoring. Link aggregation ERPS LPT QoS Traffic control function ETH-OAM Ethernet performance monitoring Synchronous Ethernet EoPDH Supports G.8032–compliant ring network protection for Ethernet services. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) .1ag. Ltd. MAC addresses can be blacklisted. l Processes packets based on the port tag attribute (Tag/Hybrid/ Access). Disables the remote Ethernet port that is connected to the user equipment when the transmission network or local port fails. and switches VLAN tags that comply with IEEE 802. MAC address l The E-LAN service supports the MAC address self learning capability in two learning modes: SVL and IVL. as well as load sharing and non-load sharing.2 Functions and Features OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Item VLAN Description l Adds.1q/p. 2-16 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The functions of the MSTP protocol are equal to those of the RSTP protocol. Supports G. that is.8261– and G. l The MAC address aging time can be configured. IP address. and generates only the Common and Internal Spanning Tree (CIST). The load sharing algorithm is implemented based on the hash of the MAC address. l The VLAN ID ranges from 1 to 4094. Supported for the FE/GE port and microwave port. Supports manual aggregation and static aggregation.

AF3. or DSCP. and video services. The OptiX RTN 980 supports the private line service based on the Port. supports mapping the Ethernet service into different PHB service levels based on the C-VLAN priority. The bridge supports a maximum of 1024 logical ports. CS6. AF2. Ltd. and 802. UBR+.1p priority of the C-VLAN/S-VLAN packet. EF. l For ATM services. and WRR. 802.1q bridge. AF1. and CS7. Therefore.1d bridge. and Port+QinQ. Table 2-9 QoS features Feature DiffServ Performance l For Ethernet services. l Supports a step of 64 kbit/s for the PIR and CIR. 802. S-VLAN ID. l The E-LAN service is an Ethernet local area network (LAN) service. The E-Line service can be carried on PWs. supports flexible mapping between the ATM service categories (CBR. rtVBR. The queue scheduling modes include SP. Port+VLAN. A maximum of 1024 E-Line services are supported. and MPLS EXP value. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Buffer capacity 12 Mbit 2. The OptiX RTN 980 supports the ELAN service based on the 802. and nrtVBR) and PHB service levels. voice.1ad bridge.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description NOTE 2 Functions and Features l The E-Line service is an Ethernet private line service. or service flow. AF4.10 QoS The OptiX RTN 980 provides improved quality of service (QoS) and supports the following eight types of per-hop behaviors (PHBs): BE. SP +WRR. Traffic shaping l Supports the shaping for the specified port. S-VLAN priority. IP DSCP value. l Each Ethernet port or Integrated IP radio port supports eight levels of priority scheduling. Supports flow-based traffic policing and the setting of PIR and CIR in steps of 64 kbit/s. network carriers can offer various QoS levels of service guarantees and build networks that carry data. l For CES services. priority queue. l Flexibly sets the queue scheduling scheme for each Ethernet port and Integrated IP radio port. 2-17 . UBR..11 Clock Features The clock features of the OptiX RTN 980 can transport the clock of the mobile communication network and provide a complete selection of clock protection mechanisms. 2. the PHB service level of each CES service can be set manually (EF by default). C-VLAN ID. Traffic classification Traffic policing Queue scheduling Supports classifying traffic based on the Port.

SSM information can be transmitted in the following modes: l SDH line l SDH radio link l Hybrid/Packet radio link l Synchronization Ethernet l External clock interface (not supporting the extended SSM protocol) Tributary clock l Supports the re-timing function of the tributary..2 Functions and Features OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Table 2-10 lists the clock features that the OptiX RTN 980 supports. Table 2-11 Protection schemes Item Equipment-level protection Power input Internal power module Control. Output of the external clock Supported (120-ohm interface complying with G.703. and timing board 2-18 Description 1+1 hot backup 1+1 hot backup 1+1 hot backup Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and free-run. Table 2-10 Clock features Item Equipment clock Clock source Description Supports the three modes as defined in ITUT G. l Supports the transparent transmission of E1 clocks. 2 Mbit/s or 2 MHz mode) 2.813: locked. Ltd. l Supports CES ACR clocks. switching. Supports the following clock sources: l SDH line clock l PDH tributary clock l Radio link clock l Synchronous Ethernet clock l 2048 kbit/s or 2048 kHz external clock SSM protocol/Extended SSM protocol Supported. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . holdover.12 Protection Capability The OptiX RTN 980 provides a variety of protection schemes.

Ltd. 2-19 . The OptiX iManager U2000 is also able to manage transmission networks in a unified manner. Uses the SNMP agent to query alarms and performance events.13 Network Management The OptiX RTN 980 supports multiple network management (NM) modes and provides comprehensive NM information exchange schemes.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 2 Functions and Features Item Radio links Description 1+1 HSB/SD/FD protection N+1 protection Network-level protection MPLS PW Ethernet MPLS tunnel 1:1 protection PW 1:1 protection LAG protection (including FE/GE ports and radio links) ERPS protection (including FE/GE ports and radio links) MSTP protection (including FE/GE ports and radio links) ATM over E1 TDM services STM-1 STM-4 IMA protection SNCP (including radio links and SDH lines) 1+1 or 1:N linear multiplex section protection (MSP) 1+1 or 1:1 linear MSP Two-fiber bi-directional MSP ring 2. NM Mode The OptiX RTN 980 supports the following functions: l l Uses the iManager Web LCT to manage one local NE or one remote NE on a per-NE basis. l NM Information Exchange Schemes The OptiX RTN 980 supports inband DCN and outband DCN. Uses the OptiX iManager U2000 to manage all OptiX RTN NEs on the transmission network and the NEs of Huawei optical transmission products in a concentrated manner. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co..

D4-D12.2 Functions and Features OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Table 2-12 DCN information exchange schemes Item DCN channe l DCC byte PDH microwave Integrated IP radio SDH microwave SDH line Network management interface External clock interface Inband DCN Radio link FE/GE interface Networ k manag ement protoc ol HWECC protocol IP protocols OSI protocols L2 DCN Specifications One or three DCC bytes that are defined by Huawei Three DCC bytes that are defined by Huawei D1-D3. D4-D12. or D1-D12 bytes D1-D3. The inband DCN channel is marked with the VLAN tag and its bandwidth is configurable. That is. The IDU can be installed on the following types of cabinets and surfaces: l l l l l In a 300 mm ETSI cabinet In a 600 mm ETSI cabinet In a 450 mm 19-inch cabinet In a 600 mm 19-inch cabinet In an open cabinet The ODU supports two installation modes: direct mounting and separate mounting. The inband DCN channel is marked with the VLAN tag and its bandwidth is configurable. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . Supported Supported Supported Supported 2. 2-20 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. or D1-D12 bytes Supports one network management Ethernet interface or one network management Ethernet cascade interface. Supports the transparent transmission of DCC bytes through the external clock interface. the installation is flexible and convenient.14 Easy Installation The OptiX RTN 980 supports several installation modes. Ltd..

2-21 . and timing board. service board. The OptiX RTN 980 supports the PW OAM function and PW ping/traceroute. The CF card that stores the data configuration file and the software can be replaced on site.3ah OAM. The OptiX RTN 980 supports various loopback functions of service ports and IF ports. The OptiX RTN 980 has a built-in test system. Data Backup l l l The OptiX RTN 980 supports periodic backup and restoration of the NE database remotely using the U2000. the RSSI. and timing board to facilitate smooth upgrades. The OptiX RTN 980 supports the monitoring and graphic display of Ethernet performance specifications such as port traffic and bandwidth utilization. The OptiX RTN 980 reports RMON performance events. including IEEE 802. The integrated control. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The OptiX RTN 980 supports the monitoring and the graphic display of key radio transmission performance specifications such as the microwave transmit power.1ag OAM and IEEE 802. l l l l Hardware Maintenance l l l Each board of the IDU has running and alarm status indicators. and signal to noise ratio (SNR).15 Easy Maintenance The OptiX RTN 980 provides several maintenance features that effectively reduce the costs associated with maintaining the equipment. users can load the data or upgrade the software by replacing the CF card. Manager and Monitoring l The OptiX RTN 980 supports the unified management of the microwave transmission network and the optical transmission network at the network layer using the iManager U2000.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 2 Functions and Features 2.. Looping and Testing l l l l l The OptiX RTN 980 supports the ETH OAM function. and fan board support hot swapping. Two sets of software and data are stored in the flash memory of the control. Users can perform a PRBS test on an IF port even when no testing tool is available. switching. The OptiX RTN 980 supports the MPLS OAM function and LSP ping/traceroute. switching. Ltd. IF board. The OptiX RTN 980 reports a variety of alarms and performance events. Therefore. All the indicators and cable interfaces of the IDU are on the front panel.

17 Environmental Protection The OptiX RTN 980 is designed to meet or exceed environmental protection requirements. Ltd. Certain types of identifying information (such as silkscreens) are printed on the front panel or chassis. All the accompanying materials (such as labels) are easy to remove. all hazardous substances contained in the packaging decompose quickly. l The OptiX RTN 980 undergoes a compulsory packing process that limits the size of the package containing the equipment and accessories to three times that of the equipment dimensions. l l l l 2-22 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The OptiX RTN 980 supports the NSF function. Users can upgrade the software without interrupting services. Therefore. the entire network can be upgraded rapidly. Every plastic component that weighs over 25 g is labeled according to the standards of ISO 11469 and ISO 1043-1 to ISO 1043-4. In addition.16 Energy Saving The OptiX RTN 980 uses various types of technologies to reduce the amount of energy that the device consumes. Plugs and connectors are easy to find and the associated operations can be performed using standard tools. reduces power consumption. SDH/PDH services and E-Line services are not interrupted. The device: l l l l l Uses a streamlined scheme for board design. The OptiX RTN 980 supports the hot patch loading function. All components and packages of the equipment are provided with standard labels for recycling. When a warm reset is performed for the NE software.. Supports intelligent adjustment of the fan speed that dissipates heat in a timely manner. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) .2 Functions and Features OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Software Upgrade l The OptiX RTN 980 supports remote loading of the NE software and data using the U2000 to provide a complete NE upgrade solution. l l l 2. Uses high-efficiency power modules. The product is designed for easy unpacking. The OptiX RTN 980 supports software version rollback. the original software can be recovered which will also restore the original services of the system. The product complies with the RoHS directive. In the event of a software upgrade failure. 2. Shuts down idle FE/GE ports and SFP optical modules. Replaces ordinary chips with ASIC chips that consume less power. and minimizes noise.

The system consists of the IDU 980 and the ODU.2 Hardware Structure The OptiX RTN 980 adopts a split structure. and software architecture of the product. hardware architecture. The IF cable transmits IF service signals and the O&M signals of the ODU and also supplies -48 V DC power to the ODU. IF unit.3 Software Structure The OptiX RTN 980 software consists of the NMS software. 3. 3. auxiliary interface unit. 3-1 . clock unit. An ODU is connected to the IDU 980 through an IF cable. timeslot cross-connect unit. control unit. and ODU software. 3. and packet microwave signals are different. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and ODU. Hybrid microwave signals. power unit. Ltd. 3. packet switching unit. fan unit.. in addition to how the system processes service signals. including the service interface unit.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 3 Product Structure 3 About This Chapter Product Structure This chapter describes the system architecture.4 Service Signal Processing Flow The flows for transmitting the SDH/PDH microwave signals.1 System Architecture The OptiX RTN 980 consists of a series of functional units. IDU software.

control unit. and demultiplex ATM services from ATM/IMA E1 signals. and ODU. Ltd. 3-2 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.1 System Architecture The OptiX RTN 980 consists of a series of functional units. l Access ATM/IMA E1 signals.. l Performs E1/ATM/Ethernet service emulation based on PWE3. packet switching unit. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . IF unit. l Accesses FE/GE signals. auxiliary interface unit. power unit. clock unit. timeslot cross-connect unit. l Accesses STM-1/4 signals. Figure 3-1 Block diagram ODU IF signal VC-4 signal FE/GE E1(TDM/ATM) STM-1/4 Service interface unit Ethernet signal Timeslot crossconnect unit RF signal IDU Antenna VC-4 signal IF unit Packet switching unit Ethernet signal Control and overhead bus Orderwire External alarm Sync/Async data Auxiliary interface unit Clock unit Control unit Fan unit Power unit External clock interface NM interface -48V/-60V DC Table 3-1 Functional units Functional Unit Service interface unit Function l Accesses TDM E1 signals.3 Product Structure OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 3. Timeslot crossconnect unit Provides the cross-connect function and grooms TDM services. fan unit. including the service interface unit.

Fan unit Provides air cooling for the IDU. l Provides the synchronous/asynchronous data interface. l Processes PW labels and forwards packets.2. l Provides the O&M channel between the IDU and the ODU. l Supports input and output of external clock. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. l Processes MPLS labels and forwards packets. An ODU is connected to the IDU 980 through an IF cable. The IF cable transmits IF service signals and the O&M signals of the ODU and also supplies -48 V DC power to the ODU.2. l Provides -48 V DC power for the ODU. l Provides the external alarm input/output interface.. 3-3 . Ltd.1 IDU The IDU 980 is the indoor unit for the OptiX RTN 980.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 3 Product Structure Functional Unit Packet switching unit Function l Processes Ethernet services and forwards packets. l Performs conversion between microwave frame signals and IF analog signals. l Collects alarms and monitors performance. 3. IF unit l Maps service signals to microwave frame signals and demaps microwave frame signals to service signals. l Provides DC power for the IDU. l Supports FEC.2 ODU The ODU is an integrated system that is available in several models. 3.2 Hardware Structure The OptiX RTN 980 adopts a split structure. Control unit l Provides the system communications and control. The architectures and working principles of the various ODU models are similar. l Provides the system configuration and management. 3. l Processes overheads.2. Auxiliary interface unit l Provides the orderwire interface. Power unit l Accesses -48 V/-60 V DC power. 3. Clock unit l Traces the clock source signal and provides various clock signals for the system. The system consists of the IDU 980 and the ODU.1 IDU The IDU 980 is the indoor unit for the OptiX RTN 980.

l Uses the SFP module to provide two STM-1 or STM-4 optical interfaces. and one NE cascading interface.. and timing board Valid Slot Slot 15/20 Description l Supports the TDM cross-connect function. l Provides two GE interfaces. l Performs system communication and control. l Supports the 22 Gbit/s packet switching function. provides 128x128 VC-4 higher order cross-connections and VC-12/VC-3 lower order cross-connections equivalent to 32x32 VC-4s. switching.) 3-4 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. one network management serial port. Ltd. (Each GE interface can use an RJ45 electrical interface or an SFP optical interface independently. l Provides one network management interface. Figure 3-2 IDU slot layout Slot 26 (PIU) Slot 13 (EXT) Slot 11 (EXT) Slot 9 (EXT) Slot 28 (FAN) Slot 7 (EXT) Slot 15 (CSHN) Slot 5 (EXT) Slot 3 (EXT) Slot 1 (EXT) Slot 6 (EXT) Slot 4 (EXT) Slot 2 (EXT) Slot 20 (CSHN) Slot 8 (EXT) Slot 27 (PIU) Slot 14 (EXT) Slot 12 (EXT) Slot 10 (EXT) NOTE "EXT" represents an extended slot. All service boards support hot swapping.3 Product Structure OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description The IDU 980 uses a card plug-in design. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . It implements different functions by configuring different types of boards. l Processes clocks and provides one clock input/output interface. Table 3-2 List of IDU boards Board Acronym CSHN Board Name Hybrid control. which can house any type of IF board or interface board.

l Supports integrated IP microwave. SL1D 2xSTM-1 interface board 6 Port RJ45 Ethernet/ Gigabit Ethernet Interface Board Slot 1 to slot 14 Slot 1 to slot 14 Uses the SFP module to provide two STM-1 optical\electrical interfaces. IF1 SDH IF board Slot 1 to slot 14 l Provides one IF interface. EM6T/ EM6TA Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. l Provides one IF interface. ISX2 Universal XPIC IF board Slot 1 to slot 14 l Provides one IF interface l Supports integrated IP microwave and SDH microwave. l Supports the XPIC function. Ltd.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 3 Product Structure Board Acronym ISU2 Board Name Universal IF board Valid Slot Slot 1 to slot 14 Description l Provides one IF interface l Supports integrated IP microwave and SDH microwave. l Provides two GE electrical interfaces that are compatible with the FE electrical interface. l Supports the AM function. l Supports Ethernet frame header compression. l Supports the AM function. l Provides four FE electrical interfaces. The supported service modes are Native E1+Ethernet. l Supports Ethernet frame header compression. l Supports the XPIC function.. l Supports integrated IP microwave. Native STM-1+Ethernet or SDH (1xSTM-1 or 2xSTM-1). IFU2 Universal IF board Slot 1 to slot 14 IFX2 Universal XPIC IF board Slot 1 to slot 14 l Provides one IF interface. 3-5 . l Supports the AM function. Native STM-1+Ethernet or SDH (1xSTM-1 or 2xSTM-1). The supported service modes are Native E1+Ethernet. l Supports the AM function. l Supports the TU-based PDH microwave solution and the STM-1-based SDH microwave solution.

SP3D AUX PIU FAN Slot 26 or slot 27 Slot 28 3-6 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. l Supports the processing of EoPDH services. ATM/IMA E1. EFP8 Slot 1 to slot 14 l Provides eight FE electrical interfaces. Ltd. l Supports CES E1. l Bridges to the packet plane through one internal GE interface. one asynchronous data interface. ATM/IMA E1. l Supports Ethernet transparent transmission services and Layer 2 switching services. ML1 16xE1 (Smart) tributary board 32xE1 (Smart) tributary board 16xE1 tributary board 32xE1 tributary board Auxiliary interface board Power board Fan board Slot 1 to slot 14 l Provides sixteen 75-ohm or 120-ohm Smart E1 interfaces. SP3S Slot 1 to slot 14 Slot 1 to slot 14 Slot 1 to slot 14 Provides sixteen 75-ohm or 120-ohm TDM E1 interfaces. one synchronous data interface. l Uses the SFP module to provide two GE optical or electrical interfaces. Provides thirty-two 75-ohm or 120-ohm TDM E1 interfaces.. The GE electrical interfaces are compatible with the FE electrical interfaces. and Fractional E1. and Fractional E1. l Supports CES E1.3 Product Structure OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Board Acronym EM6F/ EM6FA Board Name 4 Port RJ45 + 2 Port SFP Fast Ethernet/ Gigabit Ethernet Interface Board 8-port RJ45 FE EoPDH processing board with the switching function Valid Slot Slot 1 to slot 14 Description l Provides four FE electrical interfaces. Cools and ventilates the IDU. Provides one orderwire interface. MD1 Slot 1 to slot 14 l Provides thirty-two 75-ohm or 120-ohm Smart E1 interfaces. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . and four-input and two-output external alarm interfaces. Provides one -48 V/-60 V DC power input.

5 MHz O&M uplink signal. filtering. The RF signal is amplified in the low noise amplifier (LNA).2.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 3 Product Structure 3. and a -48 V DC power signal. The O&M uplink signal is a 5. The architectures and working principles of the various ODU models are similar. the RF signal is converted into the 140 MHz IF signal and then is sent to the multiplexer. and amplification are completed. the IF signal is converted into the RF signal and then is sent to the AMP amplifier unit. a 5. 3-7 .2 ODU The ODU is an integrated system that is available in several models. the IF signal is processed as follows: 1. After the up-conversion. After the amplification. Ltd. filtering. Signal Processing in the Receive Direction The duplexer separates the RF signal from the antenna signal.. The O&M downlink signal is modulated under the ASK scheme in the CTRL unit. After the down-conversion. 3. The CTRL unit also Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The 10 MHz signal is generated through the modulation and is sent to the multiplexer. In the transmit direction. and amplification are completed. Block Diagram Figure 3-3 Block diagram of the ODU Multiplexer Tx IF O&M uplink Cable port Up-conversion AMP Tx RF Duplexer CTRL Antenna port Synthesizers O&M downlink DC PWR Rx RF Rx IF Down-conversion LNA Signal Processing in the Transmit Direction The multiplexer splits the signal from the IF cable into a 350 MHz IF signal.5 MHz ASK-modulated signal and is demodulated in the CTRL control unit. the RF signal is sent to the antenna through the duplexer. 2. The AMP amplifies the RF signal (the output power of the signal can be controlled by the IDU software). The -48 V DC power signal is sent to the PWR power unit where the secondary power supply that uses a different voltage is generated and provided to the modules of the ODU.

monitors. The Qx interface uses the OptiX private management protocol. 3. The NE software manages. Ltd.3 ODU Software The ODU software manages and controls the running status of the ODU. 3. The IF signal and the O&M downlink signal are combined in the multiplexer and then are sent to the IDU through the IF cable. 3.3 Product Structure OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description detects the received signal power through the RSSI detection circuit and provides the RSSI interface.1 NMS Software Huawei offers a transmission network management solution that meets the requirements of the telecommunication management network (TMN) for managing all the OptiX RTN products and other OptiX series transmission products on a network.. Figure 3-4 Software structure NMS software Qx interface IDU software ODU software 3.3. The NE software communicates with the ODU software to manage and control the running of the ODU. The board software of the EM6T/EM6F board is stand-alone and runs in the CPU of the board. 3.3. The board software (except that of the EM6T/ 3-8 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The NMS software communicates with the NE software through the Qx interface. Through the NE software.1 NMS Software Huawei offers a transmission network management solution that meets the requirements of the telecommunication management network (TMN) for managing all the OptiX RTN products and other OptiX series transmission products on a network.3.2 IDU Software The IDU software consists of NE software and board software. The ODU running status is reported to the IDU software. and controls the running status of the IDU. The board software manages and controls the running status of other boards of the IDU except the system control.3 Software Structure The OptiX RTN 980 software consists of the NMS software. and controls and manages the NE. IDU software. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . The ODU software controls the running of the ODU based on the parameters transmitted by the IDU software. the NMS communicates with boards. switching.3. Figure 3-4 shows the software structure.2 IDU Software The IDU software consists of NE software and board software. 3. and timing board.3. and ODU software.

OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 3 Product Structure EM6F board) in the IDU is integrated as software modules with the NE software and runs in the CPU of the system control.3. 3.4. It serves as an example to illustrate the processing flow for Packet microwave service signals. Hybrid microwave signals.3 ODU Software The ODU software manages and controls the running status of the ODU. Ltd. 3-9 . Figure 3-5 Service signal processing flow of the SDH/PDH microwave IDU E1 SP3S/ SP3D VC-4 signal VC-4 signal IF signal RF signal CSHN IF1 ODU Antenna Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The ODU running status is reported to the IDU software. and timing board. 3. 3.3 Packet Microwave This section describes how an ISU2 board transmits the TDM E1 services and ATM/IMA E1 services that the ML1/MD1 board receives and the FE services that the EM6T/EM6F board receives..4.2 Hybrid Microwave This section describes how an IFU2 board transmits the E1 services and the FE services the processing flow for Hybrid microwave service signals.4 Service Signal Processing Flow The flows for transmitting the SDH/PDH microwave signals.4. 3. and packet microwave signals are different. 3. switching.4. The ODU software controls the running of the ODU based on the parameters transmitted by the IDU software. 3.1 SDH/PDH Microwave This section describes how an IF1 board transmits the E1 services the processing flow for SDH/ PDH microwave service signals.1 SDH/PDH Microwave This section describes how an IF1 board transmits the E1 services the processing flow for SDH/ PDH microwave service signals.

Ltd. l Converts the RF signals into analog IF signals through down conversions and amplification. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . 1 Component SP3S/SP3D Signal Processing Description l Receives E1 signals. l Combines the analog IF signals and ODU O&M signals. l Transmits the combined signals to the IF board through the IF cable. l Performs digital modulation. l Transmits the combined signals and -48 V power to the ODU through the IF cable. l Demultiplexes the VC-12 signals to be transmitted from VC-4 signals. 4 ODU l Splits the analog IF signals. l Combines the IF signals and the ODU O&M signals. l Transmits the VC-4 signals to the timeslot cross-connect unit of the CSHN. l Performs D/A conversion. l Maps the VC-12 signals into the TU-12-based or STM-1based microwave frame payload to add microwave frame overheads and pointers and form complete microwave frames.. ODU O&M signals. l Multiplexes the VC-12 signals into VC-4 signals. l Performs analog modulation. and -48 V power. l Performs HDB3 decoding. Table 3-4 Service signal processing flow of the SDH/PDH microwave in the receive direction NO.3 Product Structure OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Table 3-3 Service signal processing flow of the SDH/PDH microwave in the transmit direction NO. l Performs FEC coding. l Converts the analog IF signals into RF signals through up conversions and amplification. 2 3 CSHN IF1 The timeslot cross-connect unit grooms VC-12 signals to the VC-4 signals of the IF1 board. l Transmits the RF signals to the antenna through the waveguide. l Maps E1 service signals into VC-12 signals. 1 Component ODU Signal Processing Description l Isolates and filters RF signals. 3-10 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

Figure 3-6 Service signal processing flow of the Hybrid microwave IDU E1 SP3S/ SP3D VC-4 signal CSHN EM6T/ EM6F Ethernet signal VC-4 signal IFU2 IF signal ODU RF signal FE Antenna Ethernet signal Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. l Outputs E1 signals. Ltd.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 3 Product Structure NO. l Extracts VC-12 signals from the microwave frames and multiplexes the VC-12 signals into VC-4 signals. l Performs time domain adaptive equalization. 3.. 2 Component IF1 Signal Processing Description l Splits the received analog IF signals and ODU O&M signals. 3-11 . l Extracts overheads from microwave frames.2 Hybrid Microwave This section describes how an IFU2 board transmits the E1 services and the FE services the processing flow for Hybrid microwave service signals. l Performs FEC decoding. l Demultiplexes VC-12 signals from VC-4 signals. l Transmits the VC-4 signals to the timeslot cross-connect unit of the CSHN. l Synchronizes and descrambles the frames. l Performs A/D conversion for the IF signals. 3 4 CSHN SP3S/SP3D The timeslot cross-connect unit grooms VC-12 signals to the VC-4 signals of the SP3S/SP3D. l Performs digital demodulation. l Performs HDB3 coding. l Demaps E1 service signals from the VC-12 signals.4.

l Performs analog modulation l Combines the analog IF signals and ODU O&M signals. l Transmits the VC-4 signals to the timeslot cross-connect unit of the CSHN. Ltd. l Multiplexes the VC-12 signals into VC-4 signals. l Demultiplexes the VC-12 signals to be transmitted from VC-4 signals. l Forwards Ethernet frames to the packet switching unit of the CSHN. l Performs D/A conversion. and -48 V power. l Maps E1 service signals into VC-12 signals. the timeslot crossconnect unit grooms VC-12 signals to the VC-4 signals of the IFU2 board.3 Product Structure OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Table 3-5 Service signal processing flow of the Hybrid microwave in the transmit direction NO. l Transmits the RF signals to the antenna through the waveguide. 1 Component SP3S/SP3D Signal Processing Description l Receives E1 signals. 2 CSHN l Based on the service configuration. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . l Converts the analog IF signals into RF signals through up conversions and amplification. l Maps the E1 service signals and Ethernet frames into the microwave frame payload. l Performs HDB3 decoding. l The packet switching unit processes Ethernet frames based on the configuration and the Layer 2 protocol. and then forwards the processed Ethernet frames to the IFU2 through the microwave port. EM6T/EM6F l Receives FE signals. and adds microwave frame overheads to form complete microwave frames. l Performs digital modulation. l Demaps E1 service signals from the VC-12 signals. l Transmits the combined signals and -48 V power to the ODU through the IF cable. l Performs decoding.. 3 IFU2 l Selects the proper modulation scheme based on the current channel quality. and processes the CRC check code. 4 ODU l Splits the analog IF signals. l Performs FEC coding. ODU O&M signals. 3-12 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. strips the preamble code. l Aligns frames.

OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 3 Product Structure Table 3-6 Service signal processing flow of the Hybrid microwave in the receive direction NO.. l Extracts E1 service signals from the microwave frames and maps the E1 service signals into VC-12 signals. l Performs A/D conversion. l Extracts overheads from microwave frames. l The packet switching unit processes Ethernet frames based on the configuration and the Layer 2 protocol. l Converts the RF signals into analog IF signals through down conversions and amplification. 1 Component ODU Signal Processing Description l Isolates and filters RF signals. l Outputs E1 signals. Ltd. l Transmits the combined signals to the IF board through the IF cable. the timeslot crossconnect unit grooms VC-12 signals to the VC-4 signals of the SP3S or SP3D. l Performs FEC decoding. and then forwards the processed Ethernet frames to the related EM6T/EM6F board. and then transmits the Ethernet frames to the packet switching unit of the CSHN board. 3-13 . 3 CSHN l Based on the service configuration. EM6T/EM6F l Aligns frames. 4 SP3S/SP3D l Demultiplexes VC-12 signals from VC-4 signals. l Demaps E1 service signals from the VC-12 signals. l Performs digital demodulation. 2 IFU2 l Splits the received analog IF signals and ODU O&M signals. and processes the CRC check code. l Performs time domain adaptive equalization. l Combines the IF signals and the ODU O&M signals. l Performs coding. l Extracts Ethernet frames from the microwave frames. l Synchronizes and descrambles the frames. l Outputs FE signals. adds the preamble code. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. l Performs HDB3 coding. l Multiplexes the VC-12 signals into VC-4 signals and transmits the VC-4 signals to the timeslot cross-connect unit of the CSHN board.

2 EM6T/EM6F l Receives FE signals. It serves as an example to illustrate the processing flow for Packet microwave service signals.. 3 CSHN l Perform Layer 2 processing for the Ethernet frames that are transmitted from the EM6T or EM6F board based on the configuration and the Layer 2 protocol. l Forwards Ethernet frames to the CSHN board. Ltd. l Extracts Ethernet frames from FE signals. and then forwards the Ethernet frames to the CSHN board.4. l Demultiplexes ATM cells from ATM/IMA E1 signals and performs the PWE3 encapsulation to form the Ethernet frames that carry PW packets.3 Packet Microwave This section describes how an ISU2 board transmits the TDM E1 services and ATM/IMA E1 services that the ML1/MD1 board receives and the FE services that the EM6T/EM6F board receives. l Processes the Ethernet frames that carry and isolate PW packets based on the service configuration and the Layer 3 protocol. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) .3 Product Structure OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 3. and then performs the PWE3 encapsulation to form the Ethernet frames that carry PW packets. Figure 3-7 Flow of service signal processing IDU E1 ML1/ MD1 Service bus CSHN FE EM6T/ EM6F Service bus Service bus ISU2 IF signal ODU RF signal Antenna Table 3-7 Service signal processing in the transmit direction NO. 3-14 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and then forwards the processed Ethernet frames to ISU2. l Extracts service payloads from TDM E1 signals and performs the PWE3 encapsulation to form the Ethernet frames that carry PW packets. 1 Component ML1/MD1 Signal Processing Description l Receives TDM E1 signals and ATM/IMA E1 signals.

5 ODU l Splits the analog IF signals. l Extracts overheads from microwave frames. l Synchronizes and descrambles the frames. 4 Component ISU2 Signal Processing Description l Selects the proper modulation scheme based on the quality of the channel. l Combines the IF signals and the ODU O&M signals. l Extracts Ethernet frames from microwave frames. l Forms Ethernet service signals and microwave frame overheads into microwave frames. l Performs FEC decoding. l Performs A/D conversion. l Performs digital modulation.. ODU O&M signals. l Converts the analog IF signals into RF signals through up conversions and amplification. l Receives the Ethernet signals transmitted from the CSHN. l Transmits the combined signals and -48 V power to the ODU through the IF cable. l Performs time domain adaptive equalization. 3-15 . l Transmits the RF signals to the antenna through the waveguide.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 3 Product Structure NO. l Transmits the combined signals to the IF boards. and then transmits the Ethernet frames to the CSHN. l Converts the RF signals into analog IF signals through down conversions and amplification. l Performs digital demodulation. 1 Component ODU Signal Processing Description l Isolates and filters RF signals. Table 3-8 Service signal processing flow in the receive direction NO. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. l Performs analog modulation l Combines the analog IF signals and ODU O&M signals. l Performs FEC coding. Ltd. and -48 V power. l Performs D/A conversion. 2 ISU2 l Splits the received analog IF signals and ODU O&M signals.

l Outputs TDM E1 service payloads through the E1 interface. 3 Component CSHN Signal Processing Description l Processes the Ethernet frames that carry PW packets based on the service configuration and the Layer 3 protocol. l Forwards Ethernet frames to the ML1 or ML1A board directly.. and then forwards the Ethernet frames to the EM6T or EM6F board. In the case of the Ethernet frames that need to be forwarded to the EF8T/EF8F board. 3-16 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. performs layer 2 processing based on the configuration and the Layer 2 protocol. 4 ML1/MD1 l Extracts ATM cells. Ltd. extracts Ethernet frames from PW packets. l Multiplexes the ATM cells into the ATM/IMA E1 signals inversely. and TDM E1 service payloads from PW packets. and then forwards the processed Ethernet frames. 5 EM6T/EM6F Outputs Ethernet frames through the FE interface.3 Product Structure OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description NO. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) .

the OptiX RTN 980 can provide features that enable services to traverse the local backhaul networks.2 Feature Application (MPLS Packet Service) With the MPLS/PWE3 technology.3 Feature Application (Traversing the Original Network) When carriers build microwave networks. 4. ATM services. 4-1 .. Ltd. and Ethernet services. the original local backhaul networks may not be suitable for transmitting the services carried on microwave networks. 4. In this case. 4.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 4 Networking and Applications 4 About This Chapter Networking and Applications The OptiX RTN 980 provides complete microwave transmission solutions and supports various types of networking solutions to meet the diverse customer requirements. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.1 Typical Network Topologies The OptiX RTN 980 supports various network topologies. the OptiX RTN 980 can transmit three types of packet services: CES services.

1 Multi-directional Nodal Convergence The OptiX RTN 980 supports the nodal convergence of radio links in a maximum of 14 directions.. or can be connected to the upstream equipment through a protection link.4 Networking and Applications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 4.1 Multi-directional Nodal Convergence The OptiX RTN 980 supports the nodal convergence of radio links in a maximum of 14 directions.1.1 Typical Network Topologies The OptiX RTN 980 supports various network topologies. Network Diagram As nodal microwave equipment. the OptiX RTN 980 supports the convergence of large-capacity radio links in multi-directions. and supports various transmission modes in the upstream direction. 4.3 Upstream Networking The OptiX RTN 980 can form a ring network with the upstream equipment.1.1. Figure 4-1 Multi-directional Nodal Convergence Regional network Packet radio link OptiX RTN 980 Hybrid radio link OptiX RTN 910/950 TDM radio link Cable/fiber 4-2 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. to achieve reliable service backhaul.2 Large-Capacity Microwave Convergence Ring The OptiX RTN 980 can form a large-capacity convergence ring and support various protection schemes for a ring network. 4. Figure 4-1 provides an example. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . Ltd.1. 4. and supports various transmission modes in the upstream direction. 4.

l l 4. Ltd. and then transmission of them to the TDM network and the metropolitan Ethernet network in upstream direction in Native mode. Supports the convergence of microwave chain subnets and the microwave ring subnets. Supports the convergence of the Packet microwave services. Figure 4-2 Large-capacity convergence ring MPLS tunnel 1:1/ERPS/SNCP OptiX RTN 980 Radio chains and/or radio sub-rings Radio link Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Network Diagram OptiX RTN 980 can form a large-capacity convergence ring. and then direct transmission of them to the PSN in the upstream direction by swapping MPLS labels.. and then transmission of them to the PSN as gateway equipment. Supports the convergence of TDM radio links. 4-3 . Figure 4-2 provides an example. Upstream Transmission l Supports the convergence of the TDM microwave services and Hybrid microwave services.1.2 Large-Capacity Microwave Convergence Ring The OptiX RTN 980 can form a large-capacity convergence ring and support various protection schemes for a ring network.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 4 Networking and Applications Convergence of Radio Links l l l Supports the convergence of radio links in a maximum of 14 directions. Hybrid radio links. and Packet radio links at the same time. encapsulation of them by the MPLS/PWE3 protocol. Supports the convergence of the TDM microwave services and Hybrid microwave services.

the convergence ring can do as follows: – Converge the Packet microwave services at the access layer and transmit them to the PSN directly for service backhaul. The radio links on the convergence ring can use XPIC.1. or can be connected to MSTP equipment through the STM-1/STM-4 ports configured with the 1+1/1:1 linear MSP.4 Networking and Applications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Types of Radio Links l l l l The OptiX RTN 980 on the convergence ring can converge the services on the microwave sub-ring or microwave sub-link. to achieve reliable service backhaul. the TDM services can be configured with SNCP. the convergence ring can converge the Hybrid microwave services or TDM microwave services directly. N+1. Upstream Networking of TDM Services The OptiX RTN 980 can form a two-fiber bidirectional MS shared protection ring with SDH equipment through the STM-4 ports. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . 4. When using Packet radio links. and the Ethernet services can be configured with ERPS. Ltd. Figure 4-3 provides an example of the upstream networking of TDM services. encapsulate them into packet signals through the MPLS/PWE3 technology on the OptiX RTN 980. and transmit them to the PSN directly for service backhaul. the services can be configured with the MPLS tunnel 1:1 protection or PW 1:1 protection. – Converge the Hybrid microwave services or TDM microwave services. Figure 4-3 Upstream ring network of TDM services TDM Network Linear MSP or ring MSP STM-16 OptiX RTN 980 NG-SDH Radio transmission sub-network 4-4 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and other RF configuration modes to achieve large-capacity transmission..3 Upstream Networking The OptiX RTN 980 can form a ring network with the upstream equipment. or can be connected to the upstream equipment through a protection link. On the Packet microwave convergence ring. Protection Schemes l l On the Hybrid microwave convergence ring. When using Hybrid radio links.

Figure 4-4 Upstream ring network for Ethernet services Metro Network ERPS OptiX RTN 980 MSTP/Metro Radio transmission sub-network Upstream Networking of MPLS Services The OptiX RTN 980 can form a ring network or a mesh network with MPLS packet switching equipment through the GE ports. Ltd.. 4-5 . or can be connected to the MAN equipment through the FE/ GE ports configured with the LAG protection. Figure 4-4 provides an example of the upstream networking for Ethernet services.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 4 Networking and Applications Upstream Networking of Ethernet Services The OptiX RTN 980 can form an ERPS ring with the metropolitan area network (MAN) equipment through the GE ports. Figure 4-4 provides an example of the upstream networking of MPLS services. Figure 4-5 Upstream ring network of MPLS services Packet Network MPLS tunnel 1:1 OptiX RTN 980 PTN Radio transmission sub-network Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. MPLS tunnel 1:1 protection is adopted.

and the PW packets are transmitted through a PW on the PSN. TDM E1 services are encapsulated into PW packets. CES services are constructed using the TDM PWE3 technology. Ltd. the OptiX RTN 980 can transmit three types of packet services: CES services. a 2G base station or an enterprise private line connects to the OptiX RTN 980 through a TDM line. ATM services. and Ethernet services.1 CES Services On the OptiX RTN 980. The OptiX RTN 980 encapsulates the TDM signals into packets. That is. and the PW packets are transmitted through a PW on the PSN. 4. 4-6 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.2.2. Circuit emulation service (CES) is a technology wherein adaptation is performed on TDM services and the basic behaviors and characteristics of TDM services are emulated so that TDM services can be transparently transmitted on the packet switching network (PSN). TDM E1 services are encapsulated into PW packets.3 Ethernet Services The OptiX RTN 980 supports Ethernet PWE3 services.2. and then transmits the packets to the opposite end through a PW on the PSN.4 Networking and Applications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 4.2. The packets are then transmitted in the MPLS tunnel on the PSN. That is. Therefore. 4.. 4.1 CES Services On the OptiX RTN 980. CES services are constructed using the TDM PWE3 technology.2 ATM/IMA Services The OptiX RTN 980 supports ATM PWE3 services. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) .2 Feature Application (MPLS Packet Service) With the MPLS/PWE3 technology. The IMA E1 technology is used to transmit ATM services to the OptiX RTN equipment. 4. PWs can be used to transmit E-Line services. Application Example CES is mainly used to transmit mobile backhauled services and enterprise private line services. and then the ATM cells are encapsulated into PW packets. As shown in Figure 4-6.

. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 4-7 . the equipment considers the TDM signals as consecutive bit streams.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 4 Networking and Applications Figure 4-6 Example of CES services Backebone layer IP/MPLS Backebone Network Convergence BSC layer BSC Access layer BTS BTS Corporation BTS BTS Corporation CES services OptiX RTN 900 OptiX packet transmission product Emulation Modes The OptiX RTN 980 supports CES services in structured emulation mode and non-structured emulation mode. As shown in Figure 4-7. The equipment is not aware of the frame structure. and timeslot information in the TDM circuit. Ltd. l l The structured emulation mode is the CESoPSN mode. Instead. and then emulates and transparently transmits the TDM signals. The equipment is aware of the frame structure. framing mode. the OptiX RTN 980 in CESoPSN mode supports the compression of idle 64 kbit/s timeslots in TDM E1 signals to save transmission bandwidth. The non-structured emulation mode is the SAToP mode.

. 2 9 30 31 BTS PW 1 2 29 0 1 2 3 .... The system clock of a PE is considered as the service transmit clock (retiming). 29 30 31 0 1 2 3 . the clock of the emulated TDM service is recovered based on the clock information in the CES service... 29 30 31 BTS 0 1 2 3 .. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . On the PE on the egress side.. the system clocks of all PEs on the network are synchronized. 29 30 31 BSC PW 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 . Synchronizes with the radio link clock.. all PEs and CEs are synchronous.... E1 BTS PE CES Clock synchronization PE E1 BSC In ACR mode. The OptiX RTN 980 supports the retiming clocks and CES ACR clocks of CES services. In retiming synchronization mode. In this manner. Synchronizes with the E1 signal clock. 29 30 31 Timeslots in the E1 frame Service Clocks Clock information is an important feature of TDM services. Figure 4-8 Retiming synchronization mode of CES service clocks Transmits E1 signals according to the system clock.. 4-8 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. As shown in Figure 4-8. 29 30 31 BTS 29 30 3 . 2 0 1 31 PW 1 3 30 31 0 1 2 3 . and the transmit clocks of TDM services on all CEs and PEs are synchronous.. the clock is extracted from the TDM interface on the PE on the ingress side.4 Networking and Applications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Figure 4-7 Compression of idle 64 kbit/s timeslots in TDM E1 signals 0 1 2 3 . the system clock of BTS synchronizes itself with the service clock of PE. Ltd.. Figure 4-9 shows the retiming synchronization mode of CES service clocks.

Figure 4-10 shows the application example. On the OptiX RTN 980. the services are decapsulated on the OptiX PTN/RTN equipment. With the IMA E1 technology. Figure 4-10 Example of ATM/IMA services IMA E1 IMA E1/ c-STM-1 RTN NodeB PSN PTN RNC MPLS tunnel PW (ATM PWE3) ATM/IMA Services on the UNI Side On the UNI side. The IMA E1 technology is used to transmit ATM services to the OptiX RTN equipment. PWE3 emulation is performed for the ATM services.2. Before being sent to the RNC. E1 BTS PE CES PE E1 BSC Clock synchronization 4.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 4 Networking and Applications Figure 4-9 Adaptive synchronization mode of CES service clocks Recovers the E1 signal clock from the CES service. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the ATM services from NodeB are transmitted to the OptiX RTN 980. Ltd. 4-9 . Then.2 ATM/IMA Services The OptiX RTN 980 supports ATM PWE3 services. Application Example ATM/IMA services are mainly backhauled services of base stations. the services are transmitted over PWs in MPLS tunnels across the PSN towards the RNC.. Extracts the clock from the E1 signal and add the clock information to the CES service. the OptiX RTN 980 supports the following ATM/IMA functions: l Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Supports the IMA E1 technology in which an IMA group is comprised of E1 links. The packets are then transmitted in the MPLS tunnel on the PSN. and then the ATM cells are encapsulated into PW packets.

Therefore. One-to-one VPC mapping scheme: One VPC is mapped into one PW.3 Ethernet Services The OptiX RTN 980 supports Ethernet PWE3 services. Company C has branches in City 1 and City 2. On one PW. Company B. 4-10 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. In this application scenario. the OptiX RTN 980 supports the following ATM PWE3 functions: l l l l l l One-to-one VCC mapping scheme: One VCC is mapped into one PW. 4. PWs can be used to transmit E-Line services.4 Networking and Applications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description l Supports the Fractional IMA technology in which an IMA group is comprised of Fractional E1 links. and Company C that can meet each of their respective needs while ensuring that the service data of each company is separated.. and Company C each have specific data communication requirements. Company B has branches in City 2 and City 3.2. N-to-one VCC mapping scheme: N (N≤32) VCCs are mapped into one PW. N-to-one VPC mapping scheme: N (N≤32) VPCs are mapped into one PW. ATM transparent service. the OptiX RTN 980 can provide E-Line services for Company A. Company A has branches in City 1 and City 3. The E-Line technology is used to transmit isolated Ethernet private line services. Company B. a maximum of 31 ATM cells can be concatenated. The branches of Company A. Ltd. Figure 4-11 illustrates an example of how E-Line services are applied on the OptiX RTN 980. ATM PWE3 Services on the NNI Side On the NNI side. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) .

the MSTP or RTN Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the OptiX RTN 980 at the convergence node of microwave services can use the EoPDH feature to transmit Ethernet services. a new radio access network transmits the Ethernet services from 3G base stations in Native mode over the Hybrid radio links. therefore. 4. The feature then transmits the Ethernet services over the existing TDM networks. the original local backhaul networks may not be suitable for transmitting the services carried on microwave networks. In this case. the OptiX RTN 980 can provide features that enable services to traverse the local backhaul networks. 4.3 Feature Application (Traversing the Original Network) When carriers build microwave networks. Ltd.1 Traversing a TDM Network by Using the EoPDH Feature The EoPDH feature provides a solution that transmits Ethernet services over E1 signals so that carriers can transmit Ethernet services on the existing TDM networks.1 Traversing a TDM Network by Using the EoPDH Feature The EoPDH feature provides a solution that transmits Ethernet services over E1 signals so that carriers can transmit Ethernet services on the existing TDM networks. 4-11 .OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 4 Networking and Applications Figure 4-11 Example of E-Line services Company A Nationwide/Global carrier Ethernet Company A Company C City 1 Company B City 3 E-Line1 E-Line2 E-Line3 Company B OptiX RTN 900 Company C OptiX packet transmission product City 2 4. Ethernet service cannot be directly transmitted. In most cases. The EoPDH feature is used to encapsulate the Ethernet services on the Hybrid radio links or the Ethernet services locally added into E1 signals. At the last node on the TDM network.3. but a large number of TDM networks exist on the local backhaul network at the convergence layer.. In this case.3.

For details. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . the Ethernet services that are encapsulated into E1 signals can also be transmitted over SDH/PDH radio links provided by the IF1 board. Figure 4-12 Traversing a TDM network using the EoPDH feature FE NodeB RTN RTN FE NodeB RTN NodeB Ethernet FE Ethernet Hybrid MW E1 TDM Backhaul Network FE/GE RNC FE MSTP Ethernet FE Ethernet E1 Ethernet E1 Ethernet FE/GE 4-12 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. NOTE With the application of the EoPDH feature. Ltd. see Figure 4-12. the TDM radio network that is comprised of the OptiX RTN 980 NEs can be upgraded to a multi-service network that supports Ethernet service transmission. the IF board need not be replaced.. In addition. In this case.4 Networking and Applications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description equipment that supports the EoPDH feature is used to decapsulate the Ethernet services for transmission.

communication management. alarm management. 5. The U2000 can provide NE-level and network-level management functions. configuration management. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.3 U2000 The U2000 is a network-level network management system.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 5 Network Management System 5 About This Chapter Network Management System This chapter describes the network management solution and the NMS software that constitutes this solution. 5.2 Web LCT The Web LCT is a local maintenance terminal. 5-1 . Ltd.. 5. and security management.1 Network Management Solution Huawei offers a complete transmission network management solution compliant with TMN for different function domains and customer groups on telecommunication networks. performance management. The Web LCT provides the following management functions at the NE layer: NE management. A user can access the U2000 server through a U2000 client to manage Huawei transport subnets in a unified manner.

5 Network Management System OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 5. performance management. The NM solutions consist of the following: l l iManager U2000 Web LCT local maintenance terminal iManager U2000 unified network management system Figure 5-1 Network management solution for transmission networks Network-level NM iManager U2000 Local maintenance terminal iManager U2000 Web LCT 5. alarm management. The Web LCT provides the following management functions at the NE layer: NE management. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . NE Management l l l l Search of NEs Addition/Deletion of NEs Login or logout of NEs NE time management Alarm Management l l l Setting of alarm monitoring strategies Viewing of alarms Deletion of alarms Performance Management l l l 5-2 Setting of performance monitoring strategies Viewing of performance events Resetting of performance registers Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.1 Network Management Solution Huawei offers a complete transmission network management solution compliant with TMN for different function domains and customer groups on telecommunication networks. communication management.. Ltd. and security management. configuration management.2 Web LCT The Web LCT is a local maintenance terminal.

OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description

5 Network Management System

Configuration Management
l l l l l l Basic NE information configuration Radio link configuration Protection configuration Interface configuration Service configuration Clock configuration

Communication Management
l l l l l l Communication parameter management DCC management HWECC protocol management IP protocol management OSI protocol management Inband DCN management

Security Management
l l l l l l l l NE user management NE user group management LCT access control Online user management NE security parameters NE security log NMS user management NMS log management

HOP Management
l l Parameters on both ends of a hop can be set on the same interface. After the parameters on one end of a hop are set, the parameters on the other end are assigned values accordingly.

5.3 U2000
The U2000 is a network-level network management system. A user can access the U2000 server through a U2000 client to manage Huawei transport subnets in a unified manner. The U2000 can provide NE-level and network-level management functions.

NE Level Management
l l l l
Issue 01 (2011-06-30)

NE object management NE-level alarm management NE-level performance management NE-level configuration management
Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 5-3

5 Network Management System

OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description

l l

NE-level communication management NE-level security management

Network Level Management
l l l l l l Topology management Network-level alarm management Network-level performance management Network-level configuration management Network level communication management Network-level security management
NOTE

Network-level security management functions include: l Management of authorities and logs l SSLv3 encrypted communication between U2000 server and U2000 clients, and between U2000 server and gateway NEs l RADIUS security authentication

l

Network-wide clock management

Other Functions
l l l l l l Inventory management Log management Database management NE software management Report function Northbound SNMP, CORBA and XML interface

5-4

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Issue 01 (2011-06-30)

OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description

6 Technical Specifications

6
About This Chapter

Technical Specifications

This chapter describes the technical specifications of the OptiX RTN 980. 6.1 RF Performance This chapter describes the radio frequency (RF) performance and various technical specifications related to microwaves. 6.2 Interface Performance This section describes the technical specifications of services and auxiliary interfaces. 6.3 Clock Timing and Synchronization Performance The clock timing performance and synchronization performance of the product meet relevant ITU-T recommendations. 6.4 Integrated System Performance Integrated system performance includes the dimensions, weight, power consumption, power supply, EMC, surge protection, safety, and environment.

Issue 01 (2011-06-30)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

6-1

6 IF Performance The IF performance includes the performance of the IF signal and the performance of the ODU O&M signal.1 Microwave Work Modes This section lists the microwave work modes that the OptiX RTN 980 supports.1. nominal maximum receive power. 6.5 Transceiver Performance The performance of the transceiver includes the nominal maximum/minimum transmit power.75) 7 28 (27.1.5) 14 (13. 6. 6.75) 14 (13. 6.1.5 14 (13. and frequency stability.75) Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 6.1.4 Distortion Sensitivity The distortion sensitivity reflects the anti-multipath fading capability of the OptiX RTN 980.3 Receiver Sensitivity The receiver sensitivity reflects the anti-fading capability of the microwave equipment.1.2 Frequency Band The ODUs of different series and different types support a variety of operating frequency bands.1.. SDH/PDH Microwave Work Modes Table 6-1 SDH/PDH microwave work modes (IF1 board) Service Capacity 4xE1 4xE1 8xE1 8xE1 16xE1 16xE1 22xE1 26xE1 6-2 Modulation Scheme QPSK 16QAM QPSK 16QAM QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM Channel Spacing (MHz) 7 3.7 Baseband Signal Processing Performance of the Modem The baseband signal processing performance of the modem indicates the FEC coding scheme and the performance of the baseband time domain adaptive equalizer.6 Technical Specifications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 6.75) 14 (13. 6.1.1 Microwave Work Modes This section lists the microwave work modes that the OptiX RTN 980 supports. 6. . 6. Ltd.1.1 RF Performance This chapter describes the radio frequency (RF) performance and various technical specifications related to microwaves.

l The channel spacings listed in the table are the minimum channel spacings that the product supports.5) 56 (55) NOTE l The channel spacings 13.75) 14 (13.75) 14 (13.5) 28 (27.75) 14 (13.5 MHz.5) 28 (27. Integrated IP Microwave Work Modes Table 6-3 Integrated IP microwave work modes (IFU2 board/IFX2 board) Maximum Number of E1s in Hybrid Microwave 5 10 12 15 18 21 10 20 24 31 Native Ethernet Throughput (Mbit/s) 10 to 12 21 to 24 24 to 29 31 to 37 37 to 44 43 to 51 20 to 23 41 to 48 50 to 59 65 to 76 Channel Spacing (MHz) 7 7 7 7 7a 7a 14 (13.75 MHz. and 55 MHz are applied to the 18 GHz frequency band.5) 28 (27.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 6 Technical Specifications Service Capacity 35xE1 44xE1 53xE1 STM-1 Modulation Scheme 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM Channel Spacing (MHz) 28 (27.75) Modulation Scheme QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. The channel spacings larger than the values are also supported. 6-3 . Ltd. 27.5) Table 6-2 SDH/PDH microwave work modes (ISU2/ISX2 board) Service Capacity STM-1 2xSTM-1 Modulation Scheme 128QAM 128QAM Channel Spacing (MHz) 28 (27.

6 Technical Specifications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Channel Spacing (MHz) 14 (13.. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . 7M/256QAM. or 14M/ 256QAM working mode.5) 28 (27. Table 6-4 Integrated IP microwave work modes (ISU2/ISX2 board. Native E1 + Ethernet service) Channel Spacing (MHz) Maximum Number of E1s in Hybrid Microwave 5 10 12 15 18 Native Ethernet Throughput (Mbit/s) Not Accelerated 10 to 13 20 to 26 25 to 32 31 to 40 37 to 47 With L2 Frame Header Compression 10 to 15 20 to 30 25 to 36 31 to 47 37 to 56 With L2+L3 Frame Header Compression (IPv4) 10 to 22 20 to 44 25 to 54 31 to 67 37 to 80 Modulation Scheme 7 7 7 7 7 QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 6-4 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5) 28 (27.5) 28 (27.5) 28 (27.5) 28 (27. Ltd.5) 56 (55) 56 (55) 56 (55) 56 (55) 56 (55) 56 (55) Modulation Scheme 128QAM 256QAM QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM Maximum Number of E1s in Hybrid Microwave 37 43 20 40 52 64 75 75 40 75 75 75 75 75 Native Ethernet Throughput (Mbit/s) 77 to 90 90 to 104 41 to 48 82 to 97 108 to 125 130 to 150 160 to 180 180 to 210 82 to 97 165 to 190 208 to 240 260 to 310 310 to 360 360 to 420 NOTE a: When using the XPIC mode.75)a 28 (27.75) 14 (13. the IFX2 board does not support the 7M/128QAM.

75) 14 (13.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 6 Technical Specifications Channel Spacing (MHz) Modulation Scheme Maximum Number of E1s in Hybrid Microwave 20 10 20 24 31 37 42 20 40 52 64 75 75 27 55 71 75 75 75 40 75 75 75 75 75 Native Ethernet Throughput (Mbit/s) Not Accelerated 41 to 53 20 to 26 41 to 52 51 to 65 65 to 83 76 to 97 87 to 111 41 to 52 82 to 105 107 to 136 131 to 168 155 to 198 181 to 230 56 to 72 114 to 145 147 to 187 181 to 230 215 to 272 249 to 318 82 to 105 166 to 212 206 to 262 262 to 333 309 to 396 360 to 456 With L2 Frame Header Compression 41 to 62 20 to 31 41 to 61 51 to 77 65 to 96 76 to 113 87 to 131 41 to 62 82 to 124 107 to 161 131 to 198 155 to 233 181 to 272 56 to 84 114 to 172 147 to 221 181 to 272 215 to 323 249 to 375 82 to 124 166 to 250 206 to 308 262 to 388 309 to 466 360 to 538 With L2+L3 Frame Header Compression (IPv4) 41 to 90 20 to 44 41 to 89 51 to 110 65 to 140 76 to 165 87 to 189 41 to 89 82 to 178 107 to 230 131 to 283 155 to 333 181 to 388 56 to 122 114 to 247 147 to 318 181 to 388 215 to 456 249 to 538 82 to 178 165 to 356 206 to 437 262 to 567 309 to 656 360 to 777 7 14 (13. Ltd.5) 28 (27.75) 14 (13.75) 14 (13.5) 28 (27.5) 28 (27.5) 28 (27..75) 28 (27. 6-5 .5) 28 (27.75) 14 (13.5) 40 40 40 40 40 40 56 (55) 56 (55) 56 (55) 56 (55) 56 (55) 56 (55) 256QAM QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.75) 14 (13.

5) 40 40 40 56 (55) 56 (55) 56 (55) 6-6 128QAM 256QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5) 28 (27.. Native STM-1 + Ethernet service) Number of STM-1 Services in Hybrid Microwave 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Native Ethernet Throughput (Mbit/s) Not Accelerated 155 to 198 181 to 230 181 to 230 215 to 272 249 to 318 166 to 212 206 to 262 262 to 333 309 to 396 360 to 456 With L2 Frame Header Compression 155 to 233 181 to 272 181 to 272 215 to 323 249 to 375 166 to 250 206 to 308 262 to 388 309 to 466 360 to 538 With L2+L3 Frame Header Compression (IPv4) 155 to 333 181 to 388 181 to 388 215 to 456 249 to 538 165 to 356 206 to 437 262 to 567 309 to 656 360 to 777 Channel Spacing (MHz) Modulation Scheme 28 (27. .5) 40 40 40 56 (55) 56 (55) 56 (55) 56 (55) 56 (55) 128QAM 256QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM Table 6-6 Integrated IP microwave work modes (ISX2 board.6 Technical Specifications NOTE OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description The ISX2 board supports channel spacings of 7 Mbit/s and 14 Mbit/s only when the non-XPIC mode is adopted.5) 28 (27. Table 6-5 Integrated IP microwave work modes (ISU2 board. Ltd. Native STM-1 + Ethernet service) Number of STM-1 Services in Hybrid Microwave 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Native Ethernet Throughput (Mbit/s) Not Accelerated 155 to 198 181 to 230 181 to 230 215 to 272 249 to 318 166 to 212 206 to 262 262 to 333 With L2 Frame Header Compression 155 to 233 181 to 272 181 to 272 215 to 323 249 to 375 166 to 250 206 to 308 262 to 388 With L2+L3 Frame Header Compression (IPv4) 155 to 333 181 to 388 181 to 388 215 to 456 249 to 538 165 to 356 206 to 437 262 to 567 Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Channel Spacing (MHz) Modulation Scheme 28 (27.

6. Frequency Bands (Standard Power ODU) Table 6-7 Frequency Band (SP ODU) Frequency Band 7 GHz 8 GHz 11 GHz 13 GHz 15 GHz 18 GHz 23 GHz 26 GHz 38 GHz Frequency Range (GHz) 7. 311. 322. 266. 1260 Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. l The throughput specifications in these tables are values for untagged Ethernet frames.685-19.897 7.353 17. and 55 MHz are applied to the 18 GHz frequency band. 196. 490.32 490.731-8.044-40.105 T/R Spacing (MHz) 154. 1560 1008. 126. 1200.75 MHz. The channel spacings larger than the values are also supported. 530 266 315. l E1 services need to occupy the corresponding bandwidth of the air interface capacity.5 MHz.549-26. 1010. 1232 1008 700. l The channel spacings listed in the table are the minimum channel spacings that the product supports. The bandwidth remaining after the E1 service capacity is subtracted from the air interface capacity can be provided for Ethernet services.093-7.496 10. 644.751-13.710 21.618 24. 6-7 .400-15. 728 1008. 245 119. Ltd.453 37.200-23.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 6 Technical Specifications Channel Spacing (MHz) Modulation Scheme Number of STM-1 Services in Hybrid Microwave 1 1 Native Ethernet Throughput (Mbit/s) Not Accelerated 309 to 396 360 to 456 With L2 Frame Header Compression 309 to 466 360 to 538 With L2+L3 Frame Header Compression (IPv4) 309 to 656 360 to 777 56 (55) 56 (55) 128QAM 256QAM NOTE l The channel spacings 13. 500.1.2 Frequency Band The ODUs of different series and different types support a variety of operating frequency bands.248 14.675-11. 27.745 12.. 420. 168. 161.

425-7. 126. 168. 1560 1008. 196.925-6.32 350 91 490. 490. 245 119. 266. 161.614.5 GHz 11 GHz 13 GHz 15 GHz 18 GHz 23 GHz 26 GHz 28 GHz 32 GHz 7.731-8. 208.497 10. 126.751-13.200-23.745 12. 1232 Frequency Bands (High Power ODU) Table 6-9 Frequency band (HP ODU) Frequency Band 6 GHz Frequency Range (GHz) 5. 500.348 17. 420. 644. 168.425 (L6) 6. 500.751-13.710 21. 1232 1008 1008 812 6-8 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 196. Ltd.678 10. 311.685-19.500-10.496 10. 530 266 420.400-15. 161.710 21.915-6.120 (U6) 7 GHz 8 GHz 10 GHz 10.248 14. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) .731-8.04 (L6) 340 (U6) 154.093-7..520-29.481 31.125 (U6) 7 GHz 8 GHz 11 GHz 13 GHz 15 GHz 18 GHz 23 GHz 7. 1010.200-23.425 (L6) 6.150-10. 728 1008.897 7.618 T/R Spacing (MHz) 252. 311.618 24. 530 266 315.745 12.650 10. 322.897 7. 151.353 17.549-26. 1200.32 490.430-7.04 (L6) 340 (U6) 154. 266. 1010 1008.685-19.815-33.6 Technical Specifications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Table 6-8 Frequency band (SPA ODU) Frequency Band 6 GHz Frequency Range (GHz) 5.675-11.248 14. 245 119.383 T/R Spacing (MHz) 252.093-7.453 27.675-11.403-15. 490 1008.

614. 311. 644. 1260 Table 6-10 Frequency Band (HPA ODU) Frequency Band 7 GHz 8 GHz 11 GHz 13 GHz 15 GHz 18 GHz 23 GHz Frequency Range (GHz) 7.200-23.093-7. 475. 245 119.675-11.400-15. 196.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 6 Technical Specifications Frequency Band 38 GHz Frequency Range (GHz) 37. 311.105 T/R Spacing (MHz) 700. 151.248 14. 168. 1232 Table 6-11 Frequency band (XMC-2 ODU) Frequency Band 7 GHz 8 GHz 11GHz 13 GHz 15 GHz 18 GHz 23 GHz 26 GHz 38 GHz Frequency Range (GHz) 7.497 10.200-23.093-7.897 7.675-11.731-8. 196. 160. 1200. 728 1010/1008.745 12. 1560 1008.685-19.710 21. 530 266 420.745 12. 6-9 .710 21. 640. 420.731-8.618 24.897 7. 1200.32 500/490. 161.358 17.453 37. 168.751-13.044-40.250-26.248 14.. 266.618 T/R Spacing (MHz) 154. 490. 1560 1008. 500.400-15. 1010.044-40.751-13. 644. 126.353 17. 530/520 266 315/322.496 10. 1232 1008 1260 Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 728 1008. 266.105 T/R Spacing (MHz) 154. 161. 208.32 490. Ltd.685-19. 245 119/126. 490.

490 1008.745 12.675-11. 266.549-26. 126. 161. 500.685-19. .718-8. 530 266 420. 1010 1008.710 21. 500.751-13.400-15. 208. 196. 168. 1232 Table 6-13 Frequency band (LPA ODU) Frequency Band 7 GHz 8 GHz 11 GHz 13 GHz 15 GHz 18 GHz 23 GHz 26 GHz 32 GHz 38 GHz Frequency Range (GHz) 7.614.496 10. 266. 530 266 315. 168.32 490.745 12. 311.353 17. 208. 161.897 7. 160. 728 1008..6 Technical Specifications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Frequency Bands (Low Capacity for PDH ODU) Table 6-12 Frequency band (LP ODU) Frequency Band 7 GHz 8 GHz 11 GHz 13 GHz 15 GHz 18 GHz 23 GHz Frequency Range (GHz) 7.897 7.403-15. 126.093-7. 1232 1008 812 700.093-7. 644.614. 161. 196. 490.897 7.200-23. 311. 168. 245 119.618 24.32 Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.496 10.348 17. 1260 Table 6-14 Frequency band (XMC-1 ODU) Frequency Band 7 GHz 8 GHz 6-10 Frequency Range (GHz) 7. 1200. 196.453 31. 151.675-11.200-23. 151.710 21. 1560 1008. 322.718-8.751-13. 266.497 T/R Spacing (MHz) 154. 311.383 37. 245 119. 1010. 420.044-40.731-8.618 T/R Spacing (MHz) 154.248 14.685-19. Ltd.248 14.105 T/R Spacing (MHz) 154.32 490.093-7. 245 119/126.815-33.

5 -84.0 -90.0 -91.0 -79.0 -81.745 12.5 -84. 530/520 266 315/322.5 -85. 728 1010/1008. IF1 board) Item Performance 4xE1 QPSK 16QAM 8xE1 QPSK 16QAM 16xE1 QPSK 16QAM RSL@ BER = 10-6 (unit: dBm) @6 GHz @7 GHz @8 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHza @23 GHz @26 GHz @32 GHz @38 GHz -91.0 -81.5 -85.0 -88.0 -80.0 -83. 644..5 -87. SDH/PDH Microwave (IF1 Board) Table 6-15 Typical receiver sensitivity values of the SDH/PDH microwave (i.0 -85.200-23. 475.5 -83.5 -87.5 -87.5 -88.5 -81.0 -81.0 -88.5 -84.0 -86.0 -84.5 -87.0 -83.5 -88. 1560 1008.5 -91. 1232 6.685-19.0 -84.751-13.0 -84.0 -87.0 -88.0 -84.400-15.0 -88. NOTE For a guaranteed value.675-11.5 -81.0 -82.5 -84.5 -85.5 -88. 6-11 .3 Receiver Sensitivity The receiver sensitivity reflects the anti-fading capability of the microwave equipment.618 T/R Spacing (MHz) 500/490.5 -84.0 -91.5 -87.5 Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.0 -87.248 14.0 -81.0 -85. 490. remove 3 dB from the typical value.5 -91.0 -85.5 -81.0 -91.0 -78.5 -90.0 -85.0 -86.5 -86. 420.0 -82.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 6 Technical Specifications Frequency Band 11GHz 13 GHz 15 GHz 18 GHz 23 GHz Frequency Range (GHz) 10. 1200.5 -80.0 -87.5 -91.5 -81.710 21. Ltd.5 -85.0 -84. 640.358 17.1.0 -89.0 -85.5 -88.0 -87.

5 -76.5 -77.0 -78.5 -73.0 -75.5 2xSTM-1 128QAM/56 MHz 6-12 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5 -78.0 -77.0 -70.5 -78.0 -72.0 -70.0 -79.5 -76. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) .5 -70.5 -68 -68 -68 -67.0 -73.5 -77.5 -79.0 -76.0 -75.5 -76.0 -73.0 -74. remove 2 dB from the values specified in the table to obtain the values of receiver sensitivity.5 -76.0 -69.5 -78.0 -79.0 -77.0 -80.5 -80.0 -67.0 -77.5 -78.0 -70.0 -76.5 -77.0 -73.0 -76.0 -74.5 -70.5 -73.5 NOTE a: For an XMC-1 ODU or XMC-2 ODU at the 18 GHz frequency band. IF1 board) Item Performance 22xE1 32QAM 26xE1 64QAM 35xE1 16QAM 44xE1 32QAM 53xE1 64QAM STM-1 128QAM RSL@ BER = 10-6 (unit: dBm) @6 GHz @7 GHz @8 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHza @23 GHz @26 GHz @32 GHz @38 GHz -80.5 -70. SDH Microwave (ISU2/ISX2 Board) Table 6-17 Typical receiver sensitivity values of the SDH microwave (ISU2/ISX2 board) Item Performance 1xSTM-1 128QAM/28 MHz RSL@ BER = 10-6 (unit: dBm) @6 GHz @7 GHz @8 GHz @11 GHz -71 -71 -71 -70.5 -70.5 -76.0 -80.5 -80.0 -76.0 -78.5 -76.0 -77.. Ltd.5 -69.5 -79.5 -80.0 -77.6 Technical Specifications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Table 6-16 Typical receiver sensitivity values of the SDH/PDH microwave (ii.5 -73.5 -73.0 -68.0 -80.5 -75.5 -76.5 -72.0 -70.0 -73.0 -71.0 -77.0 -79.

5 -82 -80 -82 -82 -79.5 -73 -71 -73 -73 6-13 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5 -65 @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHza @23 GHz @26 GHz @28 GHz @32 GHz @38 GHz -70.5 -92 -90 -92 -92 -86.5 -82.5 -67.5 -66 -65.5 -73.5 GHz HP ODU with the T/R spacing of 91 MHz does not support the channel spacing of 56 MHz. .5 -86..5 -67.5 -67 -66.5 -92.5 -92.5 -79 -77 -79 -79 -76.5 -76. IFU2 board/IFX2 board) Performance (Channel Spacing: 7 MHz) Item QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM RSL@ BER=10-66 (dBm) @6 GHz @7 GHz @8 GHz @10 GHz @10.5 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz Issue 01 (2011-06-30) -92.5 -86 -84 -86 -86 -82. remove 2 dB from the values specified in the table to obtain the values of receiver sensitivity.5 -69 -68.5 -70.5 -76 -74 -76 -76 -73. Table 6-18 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity of the Integrated IP microwave (i. The receiver sensitivity is not available (NA). Ltd.5 -70. Integrated IP Microwave (IFU2/IFX2 Board) NOTE The 10.5 -68 NOTE a: For an XMC-2 ODU at the 18 GHz frequency band.5 -82.5 -86.5 -73.5 -79.5 -70 -69.5 -79.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 6 Technical Specifications Item Performance 1xSTM-1 128QAM/28 MHz 2xSTM-1 128QAM/56 MHz -67.5 -76.

5 -73.5 -79.5 -81 -80.5 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHza @23 GHz @26 GHz @28 GHz @32 GHz @38 GHz -90.5 -77 -76.5 -82 -81.5 -69 -68.5 -79.5 -71 -70.5 -73.5 -75 -74.5 16QAM -86 -86 -85.5 -76.5 -75 -74.5 -76.5 -83 -81 -83 -83 -83 -83 -82.5 -77 -76.5 -89 -88.5 128QAM -76 -76 -75.5 -79.5 256QAM -73 -73 -72.5 -90.5 -84 -83.5 -71 -70.5 -90.5 -83..5 -70. Ltd.5 -90 -88 -90 -90 -90 -90 -89.5 -72 -71.5 32QAM -82 -82 -81.5 -80 -79.5 -91 -90.5 -81 -80.5 -83.5 -76 -74 -76 -76 -76 -76 -75.5 -70.5 -73 -71 -73 -73 -73 -73 -72.5 -72 -71.5 -78 -77.5 -79 -77 -79 -79 -79 -79 -78.5 -83.5 -88 -87.5 -74 -73.5 -90 -89.5 -76. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) .5 -78 -77.5 6-14 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5 -73.5 Table 6-19 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity of the Integrated IP microwave (ii.5 -74 -73.5 -70 -68 -70 -70 -70 -70 -69.5 64QAM -79 -79 -78.5 -68 -67. IFU2 board/IFX2 board) Performance (Channel Spacing: 14 MHz) Item QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM RSL@ BER=10-6 (dBm) @6 GHz @7 GHz @8 GHz @10 GHz @10.6 Technical Specifications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Performance (Channel Spacing: 7 MHz) Item @15 GHz @18 GHza @23 GHz @26 GHz @28 GHz @32 GHz @38 GHz QPSK -92 -92 -91.5 -70.5 -85 -84.

5 -77..5 -70 -68 -70 -70 -70 -70 -69.5 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHza @23 GHz @26 GHz @28 GHz @32 GHz @38 GHz -87.5 -73 -71 -73 -73 -73 -73 -72.5 -77 NA -73.5 -80.5 -67.5 -87.5 -71 -70. IFU2/ IFX2 board) Performance (Channel Spacing: 56 MHz) Item QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM RSL@ BER=10-6 (dBm) @6 GHz @7 GHz @8 GHz @10 GHz @10.5 -70.5 -84 NA -77.5 -86 -85.5 -76.5 Table 6-21 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity of the Integrated IP microwave (iv.5 -80.5 -73.5 -80 -78 -80 -80 -80 -80 -79.5 -84.5 -69 -68.5 -73.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 6 Technical Specifications Table 6-20 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity of the Integrated IP microwave (iii.5 -67 -65 -67 -67 -67 -67 -66.5 -87.5 -73 NA -70.5 -73.5 -68 -67.5 -78 -77.5 -87 -85 -87 -87 -87 -87 -86.5 -70.5 GHz -84.5 -80.5 -70.5 -73.5 -84.5 -67. 6-15 .5 -85 -84.5 -67 NA -64. IFU2/ IFX2 board) Performance (Channel Spacing: 28 MHz) Item QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM RSL@ BER=10-6 (dBm) @6 GHz @7 GHz @8 GHz @10 GHz @10.5 -64.5 -67.5 -74 -73.5 -72 -71.5 -67.5 -70.5 -65 -64.5 -76.5 -76.5 -70.5 -79 -78.5 -67. Ltd.5 -76 -74 -76 -76 -76 -76 -75.5 -66 -65.5 -70 NA -67.5 -75 -74.5 -64 NA Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5 -77.5 -64.5 -73.

5 -66 -65.5 -79.5 -68 -67.5 64QAM -70 -70 -70 -70 -69.5 -82.5 -72 -71.5 -69 -68.5 -79 -78.5 -91 -90.5 -75 -74 -74 -74 -73.5 -79.5 -76.5 -83 -82.5 -82 -82 -82 -82 -81.5 -79.5 -82 -81.5 -78 -77 -77 -77 -76.5 -76 -75.5 -63 -62.5 -73 -72. Integrated IP Microwave (ISU2/ISX2 Board) Table 6-22 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity of the Integrated IP microwave (i.5 NOTE a: For an XMC-2 ODU at the 18 GHz frequency band. remove 2 dB from the values specified in the table to obtain the values of receiver sensitivity.5 -72 Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5 -92.5 -92.5 -86 -86 -86 -86 -85.5 -92 -92 -92 -92 -91..5 256QAM -64 -64 -64 -64 -63.5 -86.5 -62 -61.5 -85 -84.5 -73.5 -81 -80.5 -76.5 -73.5 -76.5 -82. Ltd.5 -86.5 -86.5 128QAM -67 -67 -67 -67 -66.5 -82.5 32QAM -73 -73 -73 -73 -72.5 -73.6 Technical Specifications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Performance (Channel Spacing: 56 MHz) Item @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHza @23 GHz @26 GHz @28 GHz @32 GHz @38 GHz QPSK -84 -84 -84 -84 -83.5 -76 -75.5 -65 -64.5 16QAM -77 -77 -77 -77 -76.5 -71 -70.5 -75 -74. ISU2 board/ISX2 board (non-XPIC mode)) Performance (Channel Spacing: 7 MHz) Item QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM RSL@ BER=10-66 (dBm) @6 GHz @7 GHz @8 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHza @23 GHz @26 GHz @28 GHz 6-16 -92.5 -80 -80 -80 -79. .

OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 6 Technical Specifications Performance (Channel Spacing: 7 MHz) Item @32 GHz @38 GHz QPSK -90 -89.5 -81 -80.5 -70. ISU2 board/ISX2 board (non-XPIC mode)) Performance (Channel Spacing: 14 MHz) Item QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM RSL@ BER=10-6 (dBm) @6 GHz @7 GHz @8 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHza @23 GHz @26 GHz @28 GHz @32 GHz @38 GHz -90.5 -83.5 -88 -87.5 -72 -71.5 -77 -77 -77 -76.5 -76.5 -74 -74 -74 -74 -73.5 -70.5 -69 -68.5 -79. .5 -70 -69.5 -73.5 -77 -76. ISU2/ ISX2 board) Performance (Channel Spacing: 28 MHz) Item QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM RSL@ BER=10-6 (dBm) @6 GHz @7 GHz @8 GHz Issue 01 (2011-06-30) -87.5 32QAM -80 -79.5 -83.5 64QAM -77.5 -68 Table 6-24 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity of the Integrated IP microwave (iii.5 -90.5 -90.5 -73 -72.5 -74 256QAM -71.5 -77 128QAM -74.5 -76.5 -76.5 -75 -74.5 -70.5 -82 -81.5 -73. Ltd.5 -87.5 -79.5 -74 -74 -74 -71 -71 -71 -68 -68 -68 6-17 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5 -76.5 -76 -75.5 -83.5 -90 -90 -90 -90 -89.5 -80.5 -80.5 -71 Table 6-23 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity of the Integrated IP microwave (ii..5 -79.5 -87.5 -80.5 -76.5 -76.5 -78 -77.5 -79 -79 -79 -79 -78.5 -73.5 16QAM -84 -83.5 -89 -88.5 -83 -83 -83 -83 -82.5 -71 -71 -71 -71 -70.

5 -73.5 -62 6-18 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5 -73.5 -63 -62.5 -70.5 -77.5 -82 -81. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) .5 -66 -65.5 -79 -78.5 -85 -84.5 -70.5 -77.5 -67.5 -68 -68 -68 -68 -67.5 -73.5 -73 -72.5 32QAM -76 -76 -76 -76 -75.5 -75 -74.5 -77 -77 -77 -77 -76.5 -66 -65.5 -67.5 -75 -74.5 -71 -71 -71 -70.5 -72 -71.5 -64.5 -70.5 -84 -84 -84 -84 -83. ISU2/ ISX2 board) Performance (Channel Spacing: 56 MHz) Item QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM RSL@ BER=10-6 (dBm) @6 GHz @7 GHz @8 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHza @23 GHz @26 GHz @28 GHz @32 GHz @38 GHz -84.5 -64 -63.5 -69 -68.5 -67 -66.5 -70 -69.5 -71 -70.5 -65b Table 6-25 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity of the Integrated IP microwave (iv.5 -70.5 -71 128QAM -70.5 -73.5 -64.5 -69 -68.5 -84.5 -67.5 -76 -75.5 -67.5 -73 -73 -73 -73 -72.5 -83 -82.5 -78 -77.5 -73.5 -67.5 -70 -69.5 -84.5 -67.5 -65 -65 -65 -65 -64.5 -64. Ltd.5 -77.5 -73.5 -72 -71.5 -67 -66.5 -74 -73.5 -86 -85.6 Technical Specifications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Performance (Channel Spacing: 28 MHz) Item @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHza @23 GHz @26 GHz @28 GHz @32 GHz @38 GHz QPSK -87 -87 -87 -87 -86.5 64QAM -73..5 16QAM -80 -80 -80 -80 -79.5 -70.5 -70.5 -68 256QAM -67.

6-19 .5 -67 -66.5 -76 -75 -75 -75 -74..4 Distortion Sensitivity The distortion sensitivity reflects the anti-multipath fading capability of the OptiX RTN 980.5 -69.5 -69.5 -74.5 -72 -72 -72 -72 -71.5 -68 -67.5 -66. Ltd.5 -78.5 -65 -64.5 -74 -73.5 NOTE l a: For an XMC-2 ODU at the 18 GHz frequency band.5 -69.5 -69 -69 -69 -69 -68. remove 2 dB from the sensitivity values specified in the table when the ISX2 board is at 28 MHz channel spacing and 256QAM modulation scheme.5 -78 -77.5 -85 -84.5 -73 -72. Table 6-27 describes the anti-multipath fading capability of the OptiX RTN 980 in STM-1/128QAM microwave working modes. The notch depth of the OptiX RTN 980 meets the requirements described in ETSI EN 302217-2-1.5 -72 -72.5 -85.5 -70 -69.5 -78.5 -85.5 -84 -83.5 -72. Table 6-27 Anti-multipath fading capability Item STM-1/128QAM W-curve STM-1/128QAM dispersion fading margin Performance See Figure 6-1 51 dB Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5 -66 -66 -66 -66 -65. ISU2/ ISX2 board) Performance (Channel Spacing: 40 MHz) Item QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM RSL@ BER=10-6 (dBm) @6 GHz @7 GHz @8 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHza @23 GHz @26 GHz @28 GHz @32 GHz @38 GHz -86 -86 -86 -85.5 -74.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 6 Technical Specifications Table 6-26 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity of the Integrated IP microwave (v.1.5 -72. l b: For an XMC-2 ODU at the 38 GHz frequency band.5 -66.5 -64 -63.5 -71 -70. remove 2 dB from the values specified in the table to obtain the values of receiver sensitivity.5 -74.5 -66.5 -83 -79 -79 -79 -78.5 -78. 6.5 -77 -76.5 -85.

5 14.5 18.5 18.5 17.5 21.5 15.1.5 15.5 17.5 11.5 21.5 13..5 22.5 17.5 22 22.5 15.5 15.5 17.5 Transceiver Performance The performance of the transceiver includes the nominal maximum/minimum transmit power.5 24 23.5 15.5 13. Transceiver Performance (Standard Power ODU) Table 6-28 Transceiver Performance (SP ODU) Item Performance QPSK 16QAM/ 32QAM 64QAM/ 128QAM 256QAM Nominal maximum transmit power (dBm) @7 GHz @8 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHz @23 GHz @26 GHz @38 GHz 27 27 26 26 26 25.5 17.5 16.5 21.5 16. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) .5 20.5 6-20 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5 21. and frequency stability.5 19. Ltd.5 16. nominal maximum receive power.6 Technical Specifications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Figure 6-1 W-curve 6.

.5 20.5 20 20 19 19 23 20 20 18 18 18 17 16 21 18 18 16 16 16 15 14 -20 -25 ±5 Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5 24.5 25.5 22.5 25.5 24.5 22.5 21.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 6 Technical Specifications Item Performance QPSK 16QAM/ 32QAM 64QAM/ 128QAM 256QAM Nominal minimum transmit power (dBm) Nominal maximum receive power (dBm) Frequency stability (ppm) -6 -20 -25 ±5 Table 6-29 Transceiver performance (SPA ODU) Item Performance QPSK 16QAM/ 32QAM 64QAM/ 128QAM 256QAM Nominal maximum transmit power (dBm) @6 GHz @7 GHz @8 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHz @23 GHz Nominal minimum transmit power (dBm) Nominal maximum receive power (dBm) Frequency stability (ppm) 26.5 24.5 0 24 21. 6-21 . Ltd.

5 24 28 26 26 25.5 16 20 18 18 17 17 17 15 15 15 Nominal minimum transmit power (dBm) @6 GHz @7 GHz @8 GHz @10 GHz @10.5 25 25 25 23 23 26 28 28 22.5 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHz @23 GHz @26 GHz @28GHz @32 GHz @38 GHz 30 30 30 26.5 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHz @23 GHz 9 9 9 2 0 6 3 3 2 2 6-22 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5 26 24 24 23 23 22 22 21 20 24 25 25 20.5 18 22 20 20 19 19 19 17 17 17 22 23 23 18..5 20. Ltd.6 Technical Specifications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Transceiver Performance (High Power ODU) Table 6-30 Transceiver performance (HP ODU) Item Performance QPSK 16QAM/ 32QAM 64QAM/ 128QAM 256QAM Nominal maximum transmit power (dBm) @6 GHz @7 GHz @8 GHz @10 GHz @10. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) .

530 266 420. Ltd. 644. 161.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 6 Technical Specifications Item Performance QPSK 16QAM/ 32QAM 64QAM/ 128QAM 256QAM @26 GHz @28GHz @32 GHz @38 GHz Nominal maximum receive power (dBm) Frequency stability (ppm) 2 2 1 1 -20 -25 ±5 Table 6-31 Frequency Band (HPA ODU) Frequency Band 7 GHz 8 GHz 11 GHz 13 GHz 15 GHz 18 GHz 23 GHz Frequency Range (GHz) 7.5 25 23 Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.710 21. 1010.897 7.496 10. 6-23 . @7 GHz 26. 500.353 17.093-7.731-8. 1232 Table 6-32 Transceiver performance (XMC-2 ODU) Item Performance QPSK 16QAM/ 32QAM 64QAM/ 128QAM 256QAM Nominal maximum transmit power (dBm) NOTE When the working frequency is 7 GHz or 8 GHz and the channel spacing is 40 MHz or 56 MHz. 196.200-23. the value of this counter in each modulation format reduces by 3 dB.248 14. 168. 126. 245 119.5 25. 728 1008.32 490. 490. 1200.751-13.675-11.685-19..400-15. 266. 311.745 12. 1560 1008.618 T/R Spacing (MHz) 154.

5 18 16 256QAM 23 20 17.5 16.5 6.5 0 5 5 4 4 0 0 -20 -25 ±5 6-24 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5 17.5 24 22 22 21 21 20 17 64QAM/ 128QAM 25 22 20.5 26 25 25 24 24 22 20 Nominal minimum transmit power (dBm) @7 GHz @8 GHz @11GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHz @23 GHz @26 GHz @38 GHz Nominal maximum receive power (dBm) Frequency stability (ppm) 6. Ltd.5 19..5 16 14 @8 GHz @11GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHz @23 GHz @26 GHz @38 GHz 26.5 20.5 19. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) .5 18.6 Technical Specifications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Item Performance QPSK 16QAM/ 32QAM 25.

126. 1200.751-13.. 1010.675-11. 322.200-23.453 31.400-15.549-26.353 17.5 23 23 0 -20 ±5 21 21 19 19 17. 311. 530 266 315.5 17 17 16QAM Table 6-34 Frequency band (LPA ODU) Frequency Band 7 GHz 8 GHz 11 GHz 13 GHz 15 GHz 18 GHz 23 GHz 26 GHz 32 GHz 38 GHz Frequency Range (GHz) 7. 6-25 .745 12.496 10.105 T/R Spacing (MHz) 154.618 24. 420.093-7. Ltd.32 490. 208. 644.248 14. 245 119. 168. 161. 500.614.044-40. 1232 1008 812 700.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 6 Technical Specifications Transceiver Performance (Low Capacity for PDH ODU) Table 6-33 Transceiver performance (LP ODU) Item Performance QPSK Nominal maximum transmit power (dBm) @7 GHz @8 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHz @23 GHz Nominal minimum transmit power (dBm) Nominal maximum receive power (dBm) Frequency stability (ppm) 27 27 25 25 23.897 7. 1260 Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.718-8.383 37. 266.685-19.710 21. 490. 728 1008. 1560 1008. 196.815-33. 151.

Ltd.5 23 23 21 21 19 19 17.5 17 17 16QAM Nominal minimum transmit power (dBm) @7 GHz @8 GHz @11GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHz @23 GHz Nominal maximum receive power (dBm) Frequency stability (ppm) 6.5 25 25 23..5 6.6 IF Performance The IF performance includes the performance of the IF signal and the performance of the ODU O&M signal.6 Technical Specifications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Table 6-35 Transceiver performance (XMC-1 ODU) Item Performance QPSK Nominal maximum transmit power (dBm) @7 GHz @8 GHz @11GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHz @23 GHz 26.5 26.5 0 5 5 4 4 -20 ±5 6. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) .1. Table 6-36 IF performance Item IF signal Transmit frequency of the IF board (MHz) Performance 350 6-26 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

6. 6-27 .2 Interface Performance This section describes the technical specifications of services and auxiliary interfaces.7 Baseband Signal Processing Performance of the Modem The baseband signal processing performance of the modem indicates the FEC coding scheme and the performance of the baseband time domain adaptive equalizer. Table 6-37 Baseband signal processing performance of the modem Item Encoding mode Performance l IF1 – Reed-Solomon (RS) encoding for PDH signals – Trellis-coded modulation (TCM) and RS two-level encoding for SDH signals l IFU2/IFX2/ISU2/ISX2 Low-density parity check code (LDPC) encoding. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.825. 6.2.2. Adaptive timedomain equalizer for baseband signals Supported.1 SDH Optical Interface Performance The performance of the SDH optical interface is compliant with ITU-T G.2 E1 Interface Performance The performance of the E1 interface is compliant with ITU-T G. and the performance of the electrical interface is compliant with ITU-T G.823. 6.2.703/G.3.. Ltd.5 10 50 6.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 6 Technical Specifications Item Receive frequency of the IF board (MHz) ODU O&M signal Modulation scheme Transmit frequency of the IF board (MHz) Receive frequency of the IF board (MHz) Interface impedance (ohm) Performance 140 ASK 5.957/G. 6.3 Ethernet Interface Performance The performance of the Ethernet interface is compliant with IEEE 802.1.703.

957/G.2. The following table provides the typical performance of the interface.957. Ltd.2 L-4. synchronous data interface.2. STM-1 Optical Interface Performance The performance of the STM-1 optical interface is compliant with ITU-T G. You can use different types of SFP modules to provide optical interfaces with different classification codes and transmission distances.2 Single-mode fiber 80 1480 to 1580 -3 to +2 -28 -8 10 NOTE SDH optical interface boards use SFP modules for providing optical interfaces. Table 6-39 STM-1 optical interface performance Item Nominal bit rate (kbit/s) 6-28 Performance 155520 Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The following table provides the typical performance of the interface. Table 6-38 STM-4 optical interface performance Item Nominal bit rate (kbit/s) Classification code Fiber type Transmission distance (km) Operating wavelength (nm) Mean launched power (dBm) Minimum receiver sensitivity (dBm) Minimum overload (dBm) Minimum extinction ratio (dB) Performance 622080 S-4.4 Auxiliary Interface Performance The auxiliary interface performance includes the performance of the orderwire interface. STM-4 Optical Interface Performance The performance of the STM-4 optical interface is compliant with ITU-T G. asynchronous data interface. 6.825.1 SDH Optical Interface Performance The performance of the SDH optical interface is compliant with ITU-T G. and wayside service interface.6 Technical Specifications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 6.. .1 Single-mode fiber 15 1274 to 1356 -15 to -8 -28 -8 8.703.1 Single-mode fiber 40 1280 to 1335 -3 to +2 -28 -8 10 L-4.957/G.825. and the performance of the electrical interface is compliant with ITU-T G.

6.823.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 6 Technical Specifications Item Classification code Fiber type Transmission distance (km) Operating wavelength (nm) Mean launched power (dBm) Receiver minimum sensitivity (dBm) Minimum overload (dBm) Minimum extinction ratio (dB) Performance Ie-1 Multi-mode fiber 2 1270 to 1380 -19 to -14 -30 -14 10 S-1. 6-29 .1 Single-mode fiber 40 1263 to 1360 -5 to 0 -34 -10 10 L-1.2 E1 Interface Performance The performance of the E1 interface is compliant with ITU-T G. Table 6-40 STM-1 electrical interface performance Item Nominal bit rate (kbit/s) Code type Wire pair in each transmission direction Impedance (ohm) Performance 155520 CMI One coaxial wire pair 75 NOTE The OptiX RTN 980 uses SFP electrical modules to provide electrical interfaces.703. STM-1 Electrical Interface Performance The performance of the STM-1 electrical interface is compliant with ITU-T G..703/G. Ltd. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. You can use different types of SFP optical modules to provide optical interfaces with different classification codes and transmission distances. The following table provides the typical performance of the interface.1 Single-mode fiber 15 1261 to 1360 -15 to -8 -28 -8 8.2 L-1.2.2 Single-mode fiber 80 1480 to 1580 -5 to 0 -34 -10 10 NOTE The OptiX RTN 980 uses SFP optical modules for providing optical interfaces.

6-30 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Table 6-42 Performance of the GE optical interface Item Nominal bit rate (Mbit/s) Classification code Fiber type Transmission distance (km) Operating wavelength (nm) Mean launched power (dBm) Receiver minimum sensitivity (dBm) Minimum overload (dBm) Minimum extinction ratio (dB) Performance 1000 1000BASE-SX Multiple-mode optical fiber 0. Users can use different types of SFP modules to provide GE optical interfaces with different classification codes and transmission distances.2. GE Optical Interface Performance The performance of the GE optical interface is compliant with IEEE 802.5 1000BASE-LX Single-mode optical fiber 10 1270 to 1355 -9 to -3 -20 -3 9. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) .5 770 to 860 -9 to -3 -17 0 9.3 Ethernet Interface Performance The performance of the Ethernet interface is compliant with IEEE 802.6 Technical Specifications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description E1 Interface Performance Table 6-41 E1 interface performance Item Nominal bit rate (kbit/s) Code pattern Impedance (ohm) Wire pair in each transmission direction Performance 2048 HDB3 75 One coaxial wire pair 120 One symmetrical wire pair 6.3.5 NOTE The OptiX RTN 980 uses SFP modules to provide GE optical interfaces. Ltd. The following table provides the typical performance of the interface.3..

2. and wayside service interface. Table 6-44 FE electric interface performance Item Nominal bit rate (Mbit/s) Performance 10 (10BASE-T) 100 (100BASE-TX) Code pattern Manchester encoding signal (10BASE-T) MLT-3 encoding signal (100BASE-TX) Interface type RJ45 6.4 Auxiliary Interface Performance The auxiliary interface performance includes the performance of the orderwire interface.3.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 6 Technical Specifications GE Electric Interface Performance The GE electric interface is compliant with IEEE 802. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. synchronous data interface. The following table provides the typical performance of the interface. Ltd. Table 6-43 GE electric interface performance Item Nominal bit rate (Mbit/s) Performance 10 (10BASE-T) 100 (100BASE-TX) 1000 (1000BASE-T) Code pattern Manchester encoding signal (10BASE-T) MLT-3 encoding signal (100BASE-TX) 4D-PAM5 encoding signal (1000BASE-T) Interface type RJ45 FE Electric Interface Performance The 10/100BASE-T(X) interface is compliant with IEEE 802. asynchronous data interface.3. The following table provides the typical performance of the interface. 6-31 ..

2 Meets the RS-232 standard. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . Synchronous Data Interface Performance Table 6-46 Synchronous data interface performance Item Transmission path Nominal bit rate (kbit/s) Interface type Interface characteristics Performance Uses the F1 byte in the SDH overhead or the Huawei-defined byte in the overhead of the microwave frame. 64 Codirectional Meets the ITU-T G. Asynchronous Data Interface Table 6-47 Asynchronous data interface performance Item Transmission path Nominal bit rate (kbit/s) Interface characteristics Performance Uses the user-defined byte of the SDH overhead or the Huawei-defined byte in the overhead of the microwave frame. For example.703 standard. 6-32 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. when OptiX RTN equipment calls 888. all the OptiX RTN equipment orderwire phones in the orderwire subnet ring until a phone is answered. Ltd. a point-to-point orderwire phone call is established. Addressing call One symmetrical wire pair 600 NOTE The OptiX RTN equipment also supports the orderwire group call function. the orderwire group call number.6 Technical Specifications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Orderwire Interface Performance Table 6-45 Orderwire interface performance Item Transmission path Orderwire type Wire pair in each transmission direction Impedance (ohm) Performance Uses the E1 and E2 bytes in the SDH overhead or the Huaweidefined byte in the overhead of the microwave frame. ≤ 19. Then..

2048 120 Meets the ITU-T G. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. surge protection.4 Integrated System Performance Integrated system performance includes the dimensions. power consumption. Ltd. weight.3 Clock Timing and Synchronization Performance The clock timing performance and synchronization performance of the product meet relevant ITU-T recommendations.813 6.. EMC.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 6 Technical Specifications Wayside Service Interface Performance Table 6-48 Wayside service interface performance Item Transmission path Nominal bit rate (kbit/s) Impedance (ohm) Interface characteristics Performance Uses the Huawei-defined bytes in the overhead of the microwave frame.703 §9). 6-33 .703 §13) Compliant with ITU-T G. power supply. safety. and environment. 6. or 2048 kHz (compliant with ITU-T G. Table 6-49 Clock timing and synchronization performance Item External synchronization source Frequency accuracy Pull-in and pull-out ranges Noise generation Noise tolerance Noise transfer Transient response and holdover performance Performance 2048 kbit/s (compliant with ITU-T G.703 standard.

Radio Link Form Intergrade IP radio link Configuration (Service Interface.4 V to -72 V) DC power input that is provided by the IDU 6-34 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.6 Technical Specifications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Dimensions Table 6-50 Dimensions Component IDU ODU Dimensions 442 mm (W) x 225 mm (H) x 220 mm (D) < 280 mm (W) x 280 mm (H) x 92 mm (D) Weight Table 6-51 Typical weight Component IDU ODU Typical Weight 19. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . eight direction 1+0 non-protection (2xCSHN+8xISU2+1xEM6T+1xSP3D +1xFAN+2xPIU+8xXMC-2 ODU) Typical Power Consumption (IDU+ODU) 1 470 W Power Supply Table 6-53 Power Supply Component IDU Performance l Compliant with ETSI EN300 132-2 l Supports two -48 V/-60 V (-38. Ltd. 1+0 non-protection) < 4.7 kg (eight directions.4 V to -72 V) DC power inputs (mutual backup) ODU l Compliant with ETSI EN300 132-2 l Supports one -48 V (-38.6 kg Power Consumption Table 6-52 Typical power consumption No. RF Configuration) 4xSTM-1/4+6xGE+4xFE+32xE1..

Compliant with ETSI EN 301 489-1.. Compliant with ETSI EN 300 253.2 bel. Compliant with ETSI EN 301 489-4. Compliant with ETSI EN 60215. Safety l l l l Passes CE authentication. Lightning Protection l l Compliant with ITU-T K. The ODU is an outdoor unit.2 attended 5% to 100% - Earthquake Mechanical stress Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Compliant with Bellcore GR-63-CORE ZONE 4 Compliant with ETSI EN 300 019 6-35 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Environment The IDU is used in a place that has weather protection and where the temperature can be controlled.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 6 Technical Specifications Electromagnetic Compatibility l l l l l Passes CE authentication.3 Compliant with ETSI EN 300 019-1-1 class 1.2 ODU Compliant with ETSI EN 300 019-1-4 class 4.27. . Compliant with IEC 60825. Ltd. Compliant with CISPR 22. compliant with ETSI EN 300 753 class 3.1 Compliant with ETSI EN 300 019-1-2 class 2.2 Long-term: -5°C to +60°C Short-term: -20°C to +65°C -35°C to +55°C Transportation and storage Relative humidity Noise -40°C to +70°C 5% to 95% < 7. Compliant with EN 55022. Table 6-54 Environment performance Item Component IDU Major reference standards Operation Transportation Storage Air temperature Operation Compliant with ETSI EN 300 019-1-3 class 3. Compliant with ETSI EN 60950.

6 Technical Specifications OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description 6-36 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) ..

OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description A Glossary A Terms are listed in an alphabetical order.3 F-J This section provides the terms starting with letters F to J. A.2 A-E This section provides the terms starting with letters A to E. A. Glossary Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5 P-T This section provides the terms starting with letters P to T.4 K-O This section provides the terms starting with letters K to O. A-1 .. A. A.1 0-9 This section provides the terms starting with numbers. A. A.6 U-Z This section provides the terms starting with letters U to Z. Ltd.

It consists of an information payload (the higher order VC) and an AU pointer which indicates the offset of the payload frame start relative to the multiplex section frame start. and/ or dropped from (extracted) the STM-N signal as it passed through the ADM. The address resolution is a process in which the host converts the target IP address into a target MAC address before transmitting a frame. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) ADC add/drop multiplexer Address Resolution Protocol adjacent channel alternate polarization ADM administrative unit AF aggregation A-2 . It allows hosts and routers to determine the link layer addresses through ARP requests and ARP responses.1 0-9 This section provides the terms starting with numbers. A channel configuration method. the equipment adopts a highefficiency modulation scheme to improve the transmission efficiency and the spectrum utilization of the system. The basic function of the ARP is to query the MAC address of the target equipment through its IP address. When the channel quality is degraded.75 in. 1U The standard electronics industries association (EIA) rack unit (44 mm/1.A Glossary OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description A.) A. together with their access rights. The constituent signals are added to (inserted). Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. See access control list A technology that is used to automatically adjust the modulation scheme according to the channel quality. See assured forwarding A collection of objects that makes a whole.. When the channel quality is favorable. which uses two adjacent channels (a horizontal polarization wave and a vertical polarization wave) to transmit two signals. An aggregation can be a concrete or conceptual set of whole-part relationships among objects.2 A-E This section provides the terms starting with letters A to E. Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) is an Internet Protocol used to map IP addresses to MAC addresses. See add/drop multiplexer The information structure which provides adaptation between the higher order path layer and the multiplex section layer. See analog to digital converter Network elements that provide access to all or some subset of the constituent signals contained within an STM-N signal. A ABR ACAP access control list ACL adaptive modulation See available bit rate See adjacent channel alternate polarization A list of entities. the equipment adopts the low-efficiency modulation scheme to improve the anti-interference capability of the link that carries high-priority services. which are authorized to have access to a resource.

A transfer mode in which the information is organized into cells. alarm cascading Alarm Filtering The shunt-wound output of the alarm signals of several subracks or cabinets. It is associated with multiple transport layers. however. A method of adjusting the transmit power based on fading of the transmit signal detected at the receiver A kind of service categories defined by the ATM forum. it is asynchronous in the sense that the recurrence of cells depends on the required or instantaneous bit rate. The alarm. For traffic within the bandwidth limit. A-3 . Ltd. Based on the filter state of the alarm. a specific NE. See administrative unit Capability of a transmission system to detect a failure on a working facility and to switch to a standby facility to recover the traffic. Then..OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description A Glossary AIS See alarm indication signal alarm automatic report When an alarm is generated on the device side. An NE reports the detected alarm to the element management system (EMS). Generally used to ensure that the signal at the receive end is not too strong. The reverse operation is performed by a digital-to-analog converter (DAC). the EMS determines whether to display or save the alarm information. It does not provide any guarantee in terms of cell loss or delay. is still monitored by the NE. the alarm is not displayed or stored on the EMS. AM analog to digital converter APS ARP assured forwarding Asynchronous Transfer Mode ATM ATM PVC ATPC attenuator AU automatic protection switching automatic transmit power control available bit rate Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. which may be the networkwide equipment. See adaptive modulation An electronic circuit that converts continuous signals to discrete digital numbers. alarm suppression A function used not to monitor alarms for a specific object. See automatic protection switching See Address Resolution Protocol One of the four per-hop behaviors (PHB) defined by the Diff-Serv workgroup of IETF. See Asynchronous Transfer Mode ATM permanent virtual circuit See automatic transmit power control A device used to increase the attenuation of an Optical Fiber Link. Statistical and deterministic values may also be used to qualify the transfer mode. For traffic that exceeds the bandwidth limit. an alarm panel prompts and the user can view the details of the alarm. ABR only provides possible forwarding service and applies to the connections that does not require the real-time quality. A protocol for the transmission of a variety of digital signals using uniform 53 byte cells. AF degrades the service class and continues to forward the traffic instead of discarding the packets. If the filter state of an alarm is set to Filter. It is suitable for certain key data services that require assured bandwidth and short delay. a specific board and even a specific function module of a specific board. the alarm is reported to the Network Management System (NMS). alarm indication signal A code sent downstream in a digital network as an indication that an upstream failure has been detected and alarmed. AF assures quality in forwarding.

It provides the following functions: radio resource management. The covered portion includes the BIP-X. A range of transmission frequencies that a transmission line or channel can carry in a network. A method of error monitoring. power control. bootstraps. and high reliability. See bridge protocol data unit binding strap BIOS BIP bit error bit error rate bit interleaved parity BPDU A-4 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. packet loss ratio. It interworks with the BTS through the Abis interface. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . The BIOS provides hardware setting and control functions for the computer. it is the difference between the highest and lowest frequencies the transmission line or channel. the faster the data transfer rate. and the antenna. It allows transmission of traffic and signaling across the air interface.A Glossary OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description B backward defect indication bandwidth When detecting a defect. etc. jitter. base station management. Ratio of received bits that contain errors.7 mm wide. with one hook side (made of transparent polypropylene material) and one mat side (made of black nylon material). Ltd. radio equipment. the second bit provides even parity over the second bit of all X-bit sequences within the specified portion. See backward defect indication See best effort See bit error rate A traditional IP packet transport service. The greater the bandwidth. and system setting information. Even parity is generated by setting the BIP-X bits so that there is an even number of 1s in each monitored partition of the signal. the sink node of an LSP uses backward defect indication (BDI) to inform the upstream end of the LSP of a downstream defect along the return path. The amount of resource that a diagram can use depends of the time it reaches. See basic input/output system See bit interleaved parity An incompatibility between a bit in a transmitted digital signal and the corresponding bit in the received digital signal. One BSC controls and manages one or more BTSs in an actual network. A monitored partition comprises all bits which are in the same bit position within the X-bit sequences in the covered portion of the signal. In this service. BER is an important index used to measure the communications quality of a network. and traffic measurement. basic input/output system BDI BE BER best effort A firmware stored in the computer mainboard. All diagrams share the bandwidth of the network and routers. It contains basic input/output control programs.. The binding strap is 12. handover control. the diagrams are forwarded following the sequence of the time they reach. base station controller base transceiver station A Base Transceiver Station terminates the radio interface. With even parity an X-bit code is generated by the transmitting equipment over a specified portion of the signal in such a manner that the first bit of the code provides even parity over the first bit of all X-bit sequences in the covered portion of the signal. The BTS includes the baseband processing. BE service does not ensure any improvement in delay time. power-on self test (POST) programs. A logical entity that connects the BTS with the MSC in a GSM network. In fact. the MSC through the A interface.

In a streaming media application. Gb/s (109 bit/s). broadcast BSC BTS buffer C cable tie cable tray cable trough CAR CBR CBS CC CCC CCDP CCM CE The tape used to bind the cables. CES CF CGMP channel See circuit emulation service See compact flash See Cisco Group Management Protocol A telecommunication path of a specific capacity and/or at a specific speed between two or more locations in a network. state. Mb/s (106 bit/s). The CPU has the ability to fetch. buffers are created to hold some amount of data from each of the files that will be read or written. A means of delivering information to all members in a network. fiber or a combination of the three. The broadcast range is determined by the broadcast address.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description A Glossary bridge protocol data unit The data messages that are exchanged across the switches within an extended LAN that uses a spanning tree protocol (STP) topology. The amount of information transmitted per second in a channel is the information transmission speed. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the bus. In a program. For example.. priorities and costs and ensure that the data ends up where it was intended to go. Bursts of data can be stored in buffers until they can be handled by slower processing devices. Buffers are used in inter-networking to compensate for differences in processing speed between network devices. expressed in bits per second. radio (microwave). and Tb/s (1012 bit/s). decode. See base station controller See base transceiver station A storage area used for handling data in transit. The CPU is the device that interprets and executes instructions. The channel can be established through wire. BPDU messages are exchanged across bridges to detect loops in a network topology. the program uses buffers to store an advance supply of audio or video data to compensate for momentary delays. Ltd. A-5 Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . BPDU packets contain information on ports. N/A N/A See committed access rate See constant bit rate See committed burst size See connectivity check See circuit cross connect See co-channel dual polarization See continuity check message See customer edge central processing unit The computational and control unit of a computer. or blocked. addresses. b/s (100 bit/s). The loops are then removed by shutting down selected bridges interfaces and placing redundant switch ports in a backup. kb/s (103 bit/s). and execute instructions and to transfer information to and from other resources over the computer's main data-transfer path.

At the transmission end. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . A process that combines multiple virtual containers. Ethernet CFM can detect the connectivity between MEPs. The combined capacities can be used a single capacity. The CES technology guarantees that the data in E1/T1 timeslots can be recovered to the original sequence at the reception end. A parameter used to define the capacity of token bucket C. Cisco Group Management Protocol CIST CIST root clock tracing co-channel dual polarization coarse wavelength division multiplexing colored packet committed access rate committed burst size committed information The rate at which a frame relay network agrees to transfer information in normal rate conditions. CompactFlash typically uses flash memory in a standardized enclosure. which uses a horizontal polarization wave and a vertical polarization wave to transmit two signals. A traffic control method that uses a set of rate limits to be applied to a router interface. N/A See common and internal spanning tree A switch of the highest priority is elected as the root in an MSTP network. calculated by MSTP to ensure that all LANs in the bridged local area network are simply and fully connected. concatenation connectivity check A-6 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and by which the input or output transmission rate can be defined. For storage. These ATM cells are sent to the reception end through the ATM network. CAR is a configurable method by which incoming and outgoing packets can be classified into QoS (Quality of Service) groups. that is. Namely. at which the token is transferred to the leaky bucket. The Co-Channel Dual Polarization is twice the transmission capacity of the single polarization. the maximum burst IP packet size when the information is transferred at the committed information rate. Compact flash (CF) was originally developed as a type of data storage device used in portable electronic devices. it is the rate. CWDM does not support optical amplifiers and is applied in a short-distance chain network. A signal transmission technology that multiplexes widely-spaced optical channels into the same fiber. A packet whose priority is determined by defined colors. This parameter must be larger than 0. A channel configuration method. It is recommended that this parameter should be not less than the maximum length of the IP packet that might be forwarded. The concatenation also keeps the integrity of bit sequence. Ltd. A function with which the E1/T1 data can be transmitted through ATM networks. the interface module re-assigns the data in these ATM cells to E1/T1 timeslots.A Glossary OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description CIR circuit cross connect circuit emulation service See committed information rate An implementation of MPLS L2VPN through the static configuration of labels. The method to keep the time on each node being synchronized with a clock source in a network. measured in bit/s. the interface module packs timeslot data into ATM cells. The detection is achieved by each MEP transmitting a Continuity Check Message (CCM) periodically. At the reception end. committed burst size. common and internal spanning tree compact flash The single spanning tree calculated by STP and RSTP together with the logical continuation of that connectivity by using MST Bridges and regions. CWDM widely spaces wavelengths at a spacing of several nm..

The procedure is known as a redundancy check because each transmission includes not only data but extra (redundant) error-checking values. continuity check message corrugated pipe CPU CRC cross polarization interference cancellation customer edge CWDM cyclic redundancy check D data communication network data communications channel A communication network used in a TMN or between TMNs to support the Data Communication Function (DCF). The other DCC channel that are composed of bytes D4-D12 is referred to as the 576 kbit/s DCC-M channel. in which the BGND of the DC return conductor is short-circuited with the PGND on the output side of the power supply cabinet and also on the line between the output of the power supply cabinet and the electric equipment. CCM is used to detect the link status. switch. The DCC channels that are composed of bytes D1-D3 is referred to as the 192 kbit/s DCC-R channel. maintenance and provision (OAM&P) between NEs. it is assumed that the transmission was error free. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. See direct current See DC-return common (with ground) DC-return common (with ground) See DC-return common (with ground) See DC-return isolate (with ground) A power system. management. See coarse wavelength division multiplexing A procedure used in checking for errors in data transmission. See central processing unit See cyclic redundancy check A technology used in the case of the Co-Channel Dual Polarization (CCDP) to eliminate the cross-connect interference between two polarization waves in the CCDP.. If both devices obtain the same result. A-7 Datagram DC DC-C DC-C DC-C DC-I DC-return common (with ground) DC-return common (with ground) Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . It provides interfaces for direct connection to the Service Provider (SP) network. or host.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description A Glossary constant bit rate A kind of service categories defined by the ATM forum. in which the BGND of the DC return conductor is short-circuited with the PGND on the output side of the power supply cabinet and also on the line between the output of the power supply cabinet and the electric equipment. CRC error checking uses a complex calculation to generate a number based on the data transmitted. Used to protect optical fibers. It is applicable to service connections that depend on precise clocking to ensure undistorted transmission. A part of BGP/MPLS IP VPN model. A CE can be a router. UDP datagram. such as IP datagram. CBR transfers cells based on the constant bandwidth. The sending device performs the calculation before transmission and includes it in the packet that it sends to the receiving device. The receiving device repeats the same calculation after transmission. A kind of PDU which is used in Connectionless Network Protocol. The data channel that uses the D1-D12 bytes in the overhead of an STM-N signal to transmit information on operation. A power system. Ltd.

This allows Internet and other IP-based network service providers to offer different levels of service to customers. including a small group of perhop forwarding behaviors. See differentiated services A high-quality data transport tunnel that combines the digital channel (such as fiber channel. A DS node located at the center of a DS domain. The protocol implements a typical dense mode IP multicast solution. The DVMRP protocol uses IGMP to exchange routing datagrams with its neighbors. It is specified by the DiffServ policy proposed by the IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force).A Glossary OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description DC-return isolate (with A power system. and traffic conditioning functions such as metering. and frequency of the carrier based on the changes in the baseband digital signal. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . or satellite channel) and the cross multiplex technology. phase. shaping and policing. It indicates the priority of a packet. Electrical current whose direction of flow does not reverse. A type of equipment used between the transmission equipment and the exchange with transmission rate of 2 to 155 Mbit/s to provide the functions such as cables connection. which is subdivided into DS boundary node and ID interior node. in which the BGND of the DC return conductor is short-circuited with ground) the PGND on the output side of the power supply cabinet and is isolated from the PGND on the line between the output of the power supply cabinet and the electric equipment. and test of loops that transmitting digital signals. It consists of a series of functional units implemented at the network nodes. marking. cable patching. the rate of the accessed FR packets is controlled. Ltd. It is a non-DS boundary node. An Internet gateway protocol mainly based on the RIP. A bit in the frame relay header. the DS domain is a domain consisting of a group of network nodes that share the same service provisioning policy and same PHB. In this manner. A marker in the header of each IP packet that prompts network routers to apply differentiated grades of service to various packet streams. A DS-compliant node. packet classification functions. When the packet traffic exceeds the specified traffic. digital microwave channel. the DE value of the redundant packets is set to 1. A digital modulation controls the changes in amplitude. the information can be transmitted by the carrier. the packets with DE value as 1 are discarded at the node. A DS node that connects one DS domain to a node either in another DS domain or in a domain that is not DS-capable. See differentiated services code point differentiated services code point DiffServ digital data network digital distribution frame digital modulation direct current discard eligible Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol DS boundary node DS domain DS interior node DS node DSCP A-8 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. but it always flows in the same direction. It provides point-to-point QoS guarantees for services transmitted over this domain. If a node supports the FR QoS. The current may stop or change amplitude.. DCC DCN DDF DDN DE differentiated services See data communications channel See data communication network See digital distribution frame See digital data network See discard eligible A service architecture that provides the end-to-end QoS function. In the DifferServ mechanism. In the case of network congestion.

100 Mbit/s. It adopts Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Detection.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description A Glossary dual-polarized antenna An antenna intended to radiate or receive simultaneously two independent radio waves orthogonally polarized. See Ethernet private line See Ethernet private LAN service A method of avoiding selective fading of frequencies. The speed of an Ethernet interface can be 10 Mbit/s. A technology complemented in LAN. The speed of an Ethernet interface can be 10 Mbit/s. to enable transmission of operation. administration. electromagnetic interference electrostatic discharge embedded control channel EMC EMI Engineering label EPL EPLAN equalization ERPS ESD ESD jack Ethernet Ethernet Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. which connect the shelf or cabinet to the insertion of ESD wrist strap. DVMRP See Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol E E-Aggr E-LAN E-Line E-Tree EBS ECC EF electromagnetic compatibility See Ethernet aggregation See Ethernet LAN See Ethernet line See Ethernet-tree See excess burst size See embedded control channel See expedited forwarding Electromagnetic compatibility is the condition which prevails when telecommunications equipment is performing its individually designed function in a common electromagnetic environment without causing or suffering unacceptable degradation due to unintentional electromagnetic interference to or from other equipment in the same environment. A logical channel that uses a data communications channel (DCC) as its physical layer. 100 Mbit/s. A technology complemented in LAN. It adopts Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Detection.. or a cabinet for identification. Any electromagnetic disturbance that interrupts. Ltd. and maintenance (OAM) information between NEs. The Ethernet network features high reliability and easy maintaining. A hole in the cabinet or shelf. The Ethernet network features high reliability and easy maintaining. 1000 Mbit/ s or 10000 Mbit/s. obstructs. a subrack. Equalization can compensate for the changes of amplitude frequency caused by frequency selective fading. or otherwise degrades or limits the effective performance of electronics/electrical equipment. See Ethernet ring protection switching See electrostatic discharge Electrostatic discharge jack. A-9 . The sudden and momentary electric current that flows between two objects at different electrical potentials caused by direct contact or induced by an electrostatic field. 1000 Mbit/ s or 10000 Mbit/s. See electromagnetic compatibility See electromagnetic interference A mark on a cable.

See Ethernet virtual private line See Ethernet virtual private LAN service A parameter related to traffic. point-to-multipoint connections. Also the standards body responsible for GSM. It is recommended that this parameter should be not less than the maximum length of the IP packet that might be forwarded. point-to-point connections. An operation to check if the protection switching protocol functions normally. EF PHB is suitable for services that demand low packet loss ratio. ATM. protection switching mechanisms for ETH layer Ethernet ring topologies. This parameter must be larger than 0. PDH. A type of Ethernet service that is based on a point-to-point EVC (Ethernet virtual connection). An Ethernet service type. PDH. An Ethernet service type.A Glossary OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Ethernet aggregation Ethernet LAN Ethernet line Ethernet private LAN service Ethernet private line Ethernet ring protection switching Ethernet virtual private LAN service Ethernet virtual private line Ethernet-tree ETS ETSI European Telecommunications Standards Institute EVPL EVPLAN excess burst size A type of Ethernet service that is based on a multipoint-to-point EVC (Ethernet virtual connection). PDH. which carries Ethernet characteristic information over a shared bridge. Connecting a storage system to more disk enclosures through connection cables. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . ATM. that is. ATM. point-to-multipoint connections. provided by SDH. A type of Ethernet service that is provided with dedicated bandwidth and point-to-point connections on an SDH. Exercise Switching expansion expedited forwarding A-10 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. provided by SDH. PDH. the traffic control is achieved by the token buckets C and E. or MPLS server layer networks. EF traffic can guarantee a transmission rate equal to or faster than the set rate. or MPLS server layer networks. ATM. An Ethernet service type that is based on a Point-to-multipoint Ethernet Virtual Connection. European Telecommunication Standards See European Telecommunications Standards Institute A standards-setting body in Europe. provided by SDH. or MPLS server layer network. A type of Ethernet service that is based on a multipoint-to-multipoint EVC (Ethernet virtual connection). The protection switching is not really performed. and broad bandwidth. The DSCP value of EF PHB is "101110". An Ethernet service type. which carries Ethernet characteristic information over a dedicated bridge. Excess burst size is a parameter used to define the capacity of token bucket E. or MPLS server layer networks.. The highest order QoS in the Diff-Serv network. short delay. the maximum burst IP packet size when the information is transferred at the committed information rate. which carries Ethernet characteristic information over shared bandwidth. In all the cases. expanding the capacity of the storage system. In the single rate three color marker (srTCM) mode. Ltd.

See frequency diversity See forward defect indication See fast Ethernet See forward error correction fast failure detection A kind of fiber used for connections between the subrack and the ODF. MTU. unless an equal or higher priority switch command is in effect or SF condition exists on the protection section. Based on the correction information. 100BASE-TX (2 pairs of data twisted-pair cables). but also overcomes the disadvantage of the original programmable components in terms of the limited number of gate arrays. and EPLD. The link pulse that is used to encode information during automatic negotiation. switches normal traffic signal to the protection section. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. It is developed on the basis of the programmable components. GAL. It not only remedies the defects of customized circuits. A stack management mechanism. Forward defect indication (FDI) is generated and traced forward to the sink node of the LSP by the node that first detects defects. such as the PAL. Its primary purpose is to suppress alarms being raised at affected higher level client LSPs and (in turn) their client layers. and it uses the following three types of transmission media: 100BASE-T4 (4 pairs of phone twisted-pair cables). and inherits frame format.3 standard. MAC addressing scheme. and so on. See First in First out A member of the TCP/IP suite of protocols. It includes fields to indicate the nature of the defect and its location. Any network that supports transmission rate of 100Mbits/s. A type of semi-customized circuit used in the Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) field. Both computers must support their respective FTP roles: one must be an FTP client and the other an FTP server. and for connections between subracks or inside a subrack. and 100BASE-FX (2-core optical fibers). The item may be considered as having failed. the bit errors generated during transmission are corrected at the receive end. used to copy files between two computers on the Internet.3 F-J This section provides the terms starting with letters F to J.. The first saved data is first read and invoked. A-11 fast Ethernet fast link pulse FD FDI FE FEC FFD fiber patch cord field programmable gate array FIFO File Transfer Protocol First in First out Forced switch forward defect indication forward error correction Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . by issuing a forced switch request for that traffic signal. The Fast Ethernet is 10 times faster than 10BaseT.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description A Glossary A. For normal traffic signals. F failure If the fault persists long enough to consider the ability of an item with a required function to be terminated. a fault has now been detected. A bit error correction technology that adds the correction information to the payload at the transmit end. Fast Ethernet is extended from the IEEE802.

allows communication in both directions. causing the length of the links to be sufficient for backbone applications in a building and campus. If Gigabit Ethernet is. The forwarding plane is connection-oriented. it gives full play to the performance and the bandwidth. In the network structure. frequency diversity FTP full-duplex G gateway network element GE generic framing procedure A network element that is used for communication between the NE application layer and the NM application layer See gigabit Ethernet A framing and encapsulated method which can be applied to any data type. A frame. Ltd. This is to adapt the traffic to network resources that can be provided by the downstream router to avoid packet discarding and congestion. Gigabit Ethernet uses a private medium. GE is compatible with 10 Mbit/s and 100 Mbit/s Ethernet. A good analogy for a full-duplex system would be a two-lane road with one lane for each direction. generic traffic shaping A traffic control measure that initiatively adjusts the output speed of the traffic. Land-line telephone networks are full-duplex. since they allow both callers to speak and be heard at the same time. deployed to be the private bandwidth system with a bridge (switch) or a router as the center. See field programmable gate array Piece of a larger packet that has been broken down to smaller units. A global navigation satellite system. A diversity scheme that enables two or more microwave frequencies with a certain frequency interval are used to transmit/receive the same signal and selection is then performed between the two signals to ease the impact of fading. In other words. is a string of bytes with a specified length. and timing services to worldwide users. starting with a header.. See File Transfer Protocol A full-duplex. navigation. Gigabit Ethernet uses full duplex links that are private.3z. and it does not support coaxial cables or other cables. It runs at 1000 Mbit/s. It provides reliable positioning. unlike half-duplex. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . A header comprises one or a number of bytes with pre-specified values. It has been standardized by ITU-T SG15. a header is a code segment that reflects the distribution (diagram) of the elements prespecified by the sending and receiving parties. See gateway network element See Global Positioning System Global Positioning System GNE GPS A-12 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. It also supports the channels in the bandwidth mode.A Glossary OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Forwarding plane FPGA fragment Fragmentation frame Also referred to as the data plane. Process of breaking a packet into smaller units when transmitting over a network medium that cannot support the original size of the packet. however. and. allows this to happen simultaneously. Frame length is represented by the sampling circle or the total number of bytes sampled during a circle. GFP gigabit Ethernet See generic framing procedure GE adopts the IEEE 802. or sometimes double-duplex system. and can be used in Layer 2 networks such as an ATM network.

the standby module automatically takes over the system functions of the active module. the bandwidth can be allocated reasonably through traffic analysis. the standby device can take over the services in the faulty device in automatic or manual way to ensure the normal running of the entire system. but only one direction at a time (not simultaneously). and support plug-in boards. ranging from 0 (indicates the highest priority) to 7. The environment variables and storage information of each running device are synchronized to the standby device. and dialog boxes. When the active module fails. For Internet operation a hop represents a small step on the route from one main computer to another. it must wait for the transmitter to stop transmitting. It enables the maximum downlink data service rate to reach 14. Typically. HQoS has a perfect traffic statistics function. menus. GTS GUI guide rail See generic traffic shaping See graphical user interface Components to guide. A modulating-demodulating algorithm put forward in 3GPP R5 to meet the requirement for asymmetric uplink and downlink transmission of data services. A network connection between two distant nodes. The HDLC protocol is a general purpose protocol which operates at the data link layer of the OSI reference model. and the administrator can monitor the usage of bandwidth of each service.4 Mbit/s without changing the WCDMA network topology. A mechanism of ensuring device running security. See high level data link control A type of QoS that can control the traffic of users. The priority of the tunnel with respect to holding resources. Typically. Ltd. position. In an SDH network. See higher order path See hierarchical quality of service See hot standby See High Speed Downlink Packet Access Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. a scheme in which two modules operate in active/standby mode to achieve high availability.. Hence. files. and perform the scheduling according to the priority of user services. once a party begins receiving a signal. A-13 HDLC hierarchical quality of service high availability high level data link control High Speed Downlink Packet Access higher order path Hold priority hop hot standby HP HQoS HSB HSDPA Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . Each piece of data is encapsulated in an HDLC frame by adding a trailer and a header. the higher order path layers provide a server network from the lower order path layers. and options with graphical images. before replying. on the screen. such as icons. It is used to determine whether the resources occupied by the tunnel can be preempted by other tunnels. H HA half-duplex See high availability A transmitting mode in which a half-duplex system provides for communication in both directions.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description A Glossary graphical user interface A visual computer environment that represents programs. When the faults occur on the running device.

electronics. routing protocol internal spanning tree International Electrotechnical Commission International Organization for Standardization A segment of CIST in a certain MST region. A-14 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. A method of looping the signals from the cross-connect unit back to the cross-connect unit. A society of engineering and electronics professionals based in the United States but boasting membership from numerous other countries. This protocol manages and controls the multicast group by listening to and analyze the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) packet between hosts and layer 3 devices. Intermediate System The basic unit in the IS-IS protocol used to transmit routing information and generate routes. and science-related matters. Intermediate System to A protocol used by network devices (routers) to determine the best way to forward Intermediate System datagrams or packets through a packet-based network. Hybrid radio supports the AM function.. the spread of the multicast data on layer 2 network can be prevented efficiently. An international association that works to establish global standards for communications and information exchange. Ltd. computer engineering.A Glossary OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description HSM HTB hybrid radio hitless switch mode high tributary bus The hybrid transmission of Native E1 and Native Ethernet signals. See inverse multiplexing over ATM The indoor unit of the split-structured radio equipment. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is an international and nongovernmental standards organization dealing with electrical and electronic standards. multiplexing/demultiplexing. In this manner. An IST is a special MSTI whose ID is 0. I ICMP IDU IEC IEEE IETF IF IGMP IGMP snooping See Internet Control Message Protocol See indoor unit See International Electrotechnical Commission See Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers See Internet Engineering Task Force See intermediate frequency See Internet Group Management Protocol A multicast constraint mechanism running on a layer 2 device. which defines standards for the interaction of computers connected by communications networks. It implements accessing. IMA indoor unit Inloop Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers intermediate frequency The transitional frequency between the frequencies of a modulated signal and an RF signal. The IEEE focuses on electrical. and IF processing for services. a process called routing. Primary among its accomplishments is the widely accepted ISO/OSI reference model.

The specifications and standardizations provided by it are consistent with the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). A update version of IPv4. A update version of IPv4. IPv6 is also called. For example. designed as the successor to IPv4. A network-layer (ISO/OSI level 3) Internet protocol that provides error correction and other information relevant to IP packet processing. Ltd. packet (definition 1). The IETF is the publisher of the specifications that led to the TCP/IP protocol standard. See also communications protocol. See Internet Protocol See Internet protocol version 6 See Internet protocol version 6 See Intermediate System to Intermediate System routing protocol See International Organization for Standardization See internal spanning tree See International Telecommunication Union-Telecommunication Standardization Sector Internet Engineering Task Force Internet Group Management Protocol Internet Protocol Internet protocol version 6 Internet protocol version 6 inverse multiplexing over ATM IP IPV6 IPv6 IS-IS ISO IST ITU-T Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. IP includes the ICMP control and error message protocol as an integral part. The protocol for managing the membership of Internet Protocol multicast groups among the TCP/IP protocols. designed as the successor to IPv4. It is a new version of the Internet Protocol. A-15 . Managed by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). The specifications and standardizations provided by it are consistent with the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). X. This is referred to as an IMA group.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description A Glossary International Telecommunication UnionTelecommunication Standardization Sector Internet Control Message Protocol An international body that develops worldwide standards for telecommunications technologies.25 comes from the "X" series which deals with data networks and open system communications and number "25" deals with packet switched networks. It is also called IP Next Generation (IPng). it can let the IP software on one machine inform another machine about an unreachable destination. The difference between IPv6 and IPv4 is that an IPv4 address has 32 bits while an IPv6 address has 128 bits. The ATM inverse multiplexing technique involves inverse multiplexing and demultiplexing of ATM cells in a cyclical fashion among links grouped to form a higher bandwidth logical link whose rate is approximately the sum of the link rates. ISO/OSI reference model. the IETF is charged with studying technical problems facing the Internet and proposing solutions to the Internet Architecture Board (IAB).. IP is standardized in RFC 791. The difference between IPv6 and IPv4 is that an IPv4 address has 32 bits while an IPv6 address has 128 bits. best-effort packet delivery service. A worldwide organization of individuals interested in networking and the Internet. It is used by IP hosts and adjacent multicast routers to establish and maintain multicast group memberships. The work of the IETF is carried out by various working groups that concentrate on specific topics. The entire protocol suite is often referred to as TCP/IP because TCP and IP are the two fundamental protocols. For example. such as routing and security. These standards are grouped together in series which are prefixed with a letter indicating the general subject and a number specifying the particular standard. It is also called IP Next Generation (IPng). IPv6 is also called. The TCP/IP standard protocol that defines the IP packet as the unit of information sent across an internet and provides the basis for connectionless. It is a new version of the Internet Protocol. IP.

A data forwarding method. A label-switched path can be chosen dynamically.3 Ethernet switch transmits and distributes packet data based on the MAC address. A. Since the MAC address is the second layer of the OSI model. In LAN. the latter forwards the labels according to groups received in the label forwarding table.. voltage fluctuations. For related protocols and standards. refer to IEEE 802. The laser light has better coherence than ordinary light. creating and removing the label switch path. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . A-16 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. selecting the route.3ad.. Ltd. The former is responsible for allocating the label.. A method of bundling a group of physical interfaces together as a logical interface to increase bandwidth and reliability. The value of line rate equals the maximum transmission rate capable on a given type of media.A Glossary OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description J Jitter Short waveform variations caused by vibration. or through configuration. All LSRs support the MPLS protocol.Rn) in which a packet travels from R0 to Rn through label switching mechanisms. creating the label forwarding table. The line rate equals the maximum transmission rate capable on a given type of media. LB LCAS LCT line rate line rate forwarding Link Aggregation Control Protocol See loopback See link capacity adjustment scheme local craft terminal The maximum packet forwarding capacity on a cable. See Link Aggregation Control Protocol See link aggregation group See local area network See local area network link access protocol-SDH A component that generates directional optical waves of narrow wavelengths. label switching router LACP LAG LAN LAN LAPS Laser layer 2 switch Layer 2 virtual private A virtual private network achieved by Layer 2 switching technologies in the packet network switched (IP/MPLS) network. and control system instability. Basic element of MPLS network. The LSR is composed of two parts: control unit and forwarding unit. L L2VPN label switched path See Layer 2 virtual private network A sequence of hops (R0. this data forwarding method is called layer 2 switch.4 K-O This section provides the terms starting with letters K to O. The fiber system takes the semi-conductor laser as the light source. a network bridge or 802. based on normal routing mechanisms.

This is used to monitor the performance of the PHY layer. this function disables the service from being switched from the working channel to the protection channel. the function enables the service to be restored from the protection channel to the working channel. Loss of Pointer: A condition at the receiver or a maintenance signal transmitted in the PHY overhead indicating that the receiving equipment has lost the pointer to the start of cell in the payload. It features high speed and low error rate. The link is a downstream link adjacent to the PLR. link capacity adjustment scheme LCAS in the virtual concatenation source and sink adaptation functions provides a control mechanism to hitlessly increase or decrease the capacity of a link to meet the bandwidth needs of the application. The LCAS assumes that in cases of capacity initiation.. Protection provided by the bypass tunnel for the link on the working tunnel. Loss of signal (LOS) indicates that there are no transitions occurring in the received signal. It features high speed and low error rate. increases or decreases. Current LANs are generally based on switched Ethernet or Wi-Fi technology and running at 1. lower order path link-state pass through See label switched path Link Protection LMSP local area network local area network Locked switching LOF LOM loopback LOP LOS Loss Of Frame loss of pointer Loss Of Signal LP LPT LSP Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 1 Gbit/s). It also provides a means of removing member links that have experienced failure. See Loss Of Frame loss of multiframe A troubleshooting technique that returns a transmitted signal to its source so that the signal or message can be analyzed for errors. and Token Ring are three technologies used to implement a LAN. FDDI. See loss of pointer See Loss Of Signal A condition at the receiver or a maintenance signal transmitted in the PHY overhead indicating that the receiving equipment has lost frame delineation. Ethernet. the construction or destruction of the end-to-end path is the responsibility of the Network and Element Management Systems. A network formed by the computers and workstations within the coverage of a few square kilometers or within a single building.000 Mbit/ s (that is. This is used to monitor the performance of the PHY layer. and Token Ring are three technologies used to implement a LAN. FDDI.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description A Glossary link aggregation group An aggregation that allows one or more links to be aggregated together to form a link aggregation group so that a MAC client can treat the link aggregation group as if it were a single link. the link protection should be provided.000 Mbit/ s (that is. Ethernet. When the PLR fails to provide node protection. When the service has been switched. A-17 . Ltd. 1 Gbit/s). linear multiplex section protection A network formed by the computers and workstations within the coverage of a few square kilometers or within a single building. When the switching condition is satisfied. Current LANs are generally based on switched Ethernet or Wi-Fi technology and running at 1.

A type of database used for managing the devices in a communications network. for example. It is an end point of a single Maintenance Association. unless a failure condition exists on other sections (including the protection section) or an equal or higher priority switch command is in effect. Ltd. the alarms of different NEs. Responsibility for determining the size of the MTU lies with the link layer of the network. subnets in the network. The network or the part of the network for which connectivity is managed by CFM. and terminates a separate Maintenance Entity for each of the other MEPs in the same Maintenance Association. the connectivity of which is maintained by CFM. or PMTU. associated with a specific DSAP of a Service Instance. When packets are transmitted across networks. The average time that a device will take to recover from a failure. a basic component of the humanmachine interactive interface. A MEP is an actively managed CFM Entity. MTU size varies.25 networks. which can generate and receive CFM frames and track any responses. Switches normal traffic signal to the protection section. preferably all of it or as much as possible. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . represents the smallest packet size (the one that all networks can transmit without breaking up the packet) among the networks involved. It comprises a collection of objects in a (virtual) database used to manage entities (such as routers and switches) in a network. The topology clearly shows the structure of the network. unit depending on the network—576 bytes on X. It is also a full mesh of Maintenance Entities. Maintenance Point (MP) is one of either a MEP or a MIP. All topology management functions are accessed here. by issuing a manual switch request for that normal traffic signal. the path MTU. and 17. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The default client interface of the NMS. the communication status as well as the basic network operation status. That portion of a Service Instance.A Glossary OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description LSR See label switching router M MA MAC MAC MADM main topology See maintenance association See media access control See media access control multiple add/drop multiplexer A interface that displays the connection relationships of NEs on the NMS (screen display). maintenance association maintenance association end point maintenance domain maintenance point management information base manual switch maximum transmission The largest packet of data that can be transmitted on a network.914 bytes on 16 Mbps Token Ring. 1500 bytes on Ethernet. The devices in an MD are managed by a single ISP. MBS MCF MD MDI Mean Time Between Failures Mean Time To Repair A-18 maximum burst size See message communication function See maintenance domain See medium dependent interface The average time between consecutive failures of a piece of equipment. It is a measure of the reliability of the system..

In this way. If the information is correct and the data is transmitted correctly. certain control information is added to the data. See multiprotocol label switching traffic engineering media access control medium dependent interface MEP MEP message communication function MIB MIP mounting ear MP MPID MPLS MPLS L2VPN MPLS OAM MPLS TE Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the MAC protocol checks whether to be able to transmit data. In this case. VLAN. and provides a set of fault detection tools and fault correct mechanisms for MPLS networks. Ltd. If the data can be transmitted. The protocol is at the lower part of the data link layer in the OSI model and is mainly responsible for controlling and connecting the physical media at the physical layer. When transmitting data. the control information is removed from the data and then the data is transmitted to the LLC layer. and PPP. FR. and then the data and the control information are transmitted in a specified format to the physical layer. If the information is correct and the data is transmitted correctly.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description A Glossary media access control A protocol at the media access control sublayer. the MAC protocol checks whether the information is correct and whether the data is transmitted correctly. the carrier is able to provide Layer 2 VPNs of different media types. The MPLS OAM and relevant protection switching components implement the detection function for the CRLSP forwarding plane. See management information base maintenance intermediate point A piece of angle plate with holes in it on a rack. The electrical and mechanical interface between the equipment and the media transmission. It is used to fix network elements or components. certain control information is added to the data. on a uniform MPLS network. See maintenance association end point maintenance end point The MCF is composed of a protocol stack that allows exchange of management information with their prs. When receiving data. If the data can be transmitted. and perform the protection switching in 50 ms after a fault occurs. When receiving data. the control information is removed from the data and then the data is transmitted to the LLC layer. the impact of a fault can be lowered to the minimum. and then the data and the control information are transmitted in a specified format to the physical layer. The protocol is at the lower part of the data link layer in the OSI model and is mainly responsible for controlling and connecting the physical media at the physical layer. the MAC protocol checks whether the information is correct and whether the data is transmitted correctly. When transmitting data. See maintenance point maintenance point identification See Multiprotocol Label Switching The MPLS L2VPN provides the Layer 2 VPN service based on an MPLS network. The MPLS OAM provides continuity check for a single LSP. A-19 . A protocol at the media access control sublayer. Ethernet. such as ATM. the MAC protocol checks whether to be able to transmit data..

multiple LSP tunnels might be used.0. One is the Tunnel ID carried by the SENDER object. Multiple spanning tree protocol. In the NE Explorer. Using an algorithm. See network element The main operation interface. This solves the problem that data cannot be normally forwarded in a VLAN because in STP/RSTP.255. Ltd.0. manage and maintain the NE. See multiplex section See multiplex section protection See Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol See Mean Time Between Failures See Mean Time To Repair See maximum transmission unit A process of transmitting packets of data from one source to many destinations. or when traffic needs to be transported through multiple trails. An LSP tunnel of this kind has two identifiers. only one spanning tree corresponds to all the VLANs.. boards.255. the MSTP blocks redundant paths so that the loop network can be trimmed as a tree network. The protocol that introduces the mapping between VLANs and multiple spanning trees.A Glossary OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description MPLS TE tunnel In the case of reroute deployment. The trail between and including two multiplex section trail termination functions. and provides connection-oriented switching for the network layer on the basis of IP routing and control protocols. that is.0 to 239. A-20 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and ports on a per-NE basis. and is used to uniquely define the TE tunnel. A function. the proliferation and endless cycling of packets is avoided in the loop network. of the NMS. the IP address ranges from 224. The other is the LSP ID carried by the SENDER_TEMPLATE or FILTER_SPEC object. the user can query. and is beneficial to routing.255. such a group of LSP tunnels are referred to as TE tunnels. N/A MS MSP MSTP MTBF MTTR MTU Multicast Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol multiplex section multiplex section protection Multiprotocol Label Switching multiprotocol label switching traffic engineering N N+1 protection NE NE Explorer A radio link protection system composed of N working channels and one protection channel. It improves the cost performance and expandability of networks. from a "working" to a "protection" channel. Each multicast address represents a multicast group rather than a host. A technology that uses short tags of fixed length to encapsulate packets in different link layers. In traffic engineering. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . In this case. which is used to manage the telecommunication equipment. The destination address of the multicast packet uses Class D address. The MSTP can be used in a loop network. which is performed to provide capability for switching a signal between and including two multiplex section termination (MST) functions.

Ltd.. through which entities on the network layer can point access OSI network services. A link state database is constructed of the network topology which is identical on all routers in the area. A-21 . The next router to which a packet is sent from any given router as it traverses a network on its journey to its final destination. A parameter of the FRR protection. a node does not always mean a device. Dijkstra's algorithm is used to calculate the shortest path tree. one node stands for one device. For a device with multiple frames. administration and maintenance See optical distribution frame See outdoor unit Operation and maintenance A local repair method in which a backup tunnel is separately created for each protected tunnel at a PLR. One NE is at least equipped with one system control and communication(SCC) board which manages and monitors the entire network element. and maintenance of a network.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description A Glossary network element A network element (NE) contains both the hardware and the software running on it. System network service access A network address defined by ISO. administration. It uses cost as its routing metric. open shortest path first A link-state. The node cannot be a merge point. normal link pulse See Network Management System See network to network interface A node stands for a managed device in the network. See non-gateway network element See network service access point not stop forwarding Node Protection non-gateway network element non-GNE NSAP NSF O OAM ODF ODU OM One-to-One Backup See operation. network to network interface next hop NLP NMS NNI node An internal interface within a network linking two or more elements. Therefore. Network Management A system in charge of the operation. A network element whose communication with the NM application layer must be transferred by the gateway network element application layer. It indicates that the bypass tunnel should be able to protect the downstream node that is involved in the working tunnel and adjacent to the PLR. hierarchical interior gateway protocol (IGP) for network routing. The NE software runs on the SCC board. For a device with a single frame. one node stands for one frame of the device. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and the bypass tunnel should also be able to protect the downstream link that is involved in the working tunnel and adjacent to the PLR.

It implements frequency conversion and amplification for RF signals. By defining a path in the network management system. A channel that provides voice communication between operation engineers or maintenance engineers of different stations. but not limited to. A performance resource object defined in the network management system. administration and maintenance optic fiber connector optical distribution frame orderwire OSI OSPF outdoor unit Outloop Output optical power A. It is used to couple the optical wave to the fiber when connected to another device of the same type. Ltd. The ranger of optical energy level of output signals. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) .5 P-T This section provides the terms starting with letters P to T. A method of looping back the input signals received at a port to an output port without changing the structure of the signals. notification. a user can test the performance of a network path between a device port and an IP address. optical source or receive unit. and layers 3 through 1 deal with network functions. A case which is used for packing the board or subrack. activities that are concerned with. A connector can either connect two fiber ends or connect a fiber end and an optical source (or a detector). packet loss ratio or other aspects.A Glossary OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Open Systems Interconnection A framework of ISO standards for communication between different systems made by different vendors. Each layer uses the layer immediately below it and provides a service to the layer above. Layers 7 through 4 deal with end-to-end communication between the message source and destination. P packet switched network Packing case Path A telecommunication network which works in packet switching mode. See peak burst size See printed circuit board PBS PCB A-22 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The left end of a path is a device node whose port needs to be specified and the right end of a path is a certain IP address which can be configured by the user.+ A frame which is used to transfer and spool fibers. A device installed at the end of a fiber. The tested performance may be the path delay. A group of network support functions that monitor and sustain segment operation. operation. See Open Systems Interconnection See open shortest path first The outdoor unit of the split-structured radio equipment.. and repairs that are intended to eliminate faults and keep a segment in an operational state and support activities required to provide the services of a subscriber access network to users/subscribers. in which the communications process is organized into seven different categories that are placed in a layered sequence based on their relationship to the user. location. failure detection.

It refers to the process whereby the outermost label of an MPLS tagged packet is removed by a Label Switched Router (LSR) before the packet is passed to an adjacent Label Edge Router (LER). See Point-to-Point Protocol See priority queue See pseudo random binary sequence primary reference clock A board used to mechanically support and electrically connect electronic components using conductive pathways. A traffic parameter. IETF Diff-Serv workgroup defines forwarding behaviors of network nodes as per-hop behaviors (PHB). that is. At present. and best-effort (BE). describes a circle. if the electric field vector of the electromagnetic wave is perpendicular to the plane of horizon. assured forwarding (AF). or traces. which supplies power for the subracks in the cabinet. expedited forwarding (EF). if the tip of the electric field vector. the maximum burst IP packet size when the information is transferred at the peak information rate. and 565 Mbit/s rates. based on the value of DSCP. 32-bit or 64-bit for interconnecting chips. 140 Mbit/s. provides point-to-point transmission and encapsulates data packets on the network layer. A direct current power distribution box at the upper part of a cabinet. etched from copper sheets laminated onto a non-conductive substrate. polarization A kind of electromagnetic wave. It multiplexes the minimum rate 64 kit/s into the 2 Mbit/s. It is recommended that this parameter should be not less than the maximum length of the IP packet that might be forwarded. Specifically.. See plesiochronous digital hierarchy See protocol data unit See provider edge A parameter used to define the capacity of token bucket P. traffic scheduling and policing. A high performance bus. A device in the network should select the proper PHB behaviors. peak information rate penultimate hop popping per-hop behavior PHB PHP PIR plesiochronous digital hierarchy Point-to-Point Protocol A protocol on the data link layer. expansion boards. the direction of whose electric field vector is fixed or rotates regularly. See per-hop behavior See penultimate hop popping See peak information rate A multiplexing scheme of bit stuffing and byte interleaving. Ltd. Penultimate Hop Popping (PHP) is a function performed by certain routers in an MPLS enabled network. expressed in bit/s. 34 Mbit/s. such as. the IETF defines four types of PHB. A-23 . whose value should be not less than the committed information rate. tracks.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description A Glossary PCI bus PDH PDU PE peak burst size PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) bus. This parameter must be larger than 0. this electromagnetic wave is called circularly polarized wave. It is located in layer 2 of the IP protocol stack. this electromagnetic wave is called horizontal polarized wave. Power box PPP PQ PRBS PRC printed circuit board Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. They are class selector (CS). this electromagnetic wave is called vertically polarized wave. if the electric field vector of the electromagnetic wave is parallel to the plane of horizon. at a fixed point in space. and processor/memory subsystems.

Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . QPSK uses four dots in the star diagram. Usually. pseudo wire emulation A type of end-to-end Layer 2 transmitting technology. It is also called the fourth period or 4-phase PSK or 4-PSK. FR or Ethernet in a Packet Switched Network (PSN). one half of the cable is yellow. The status information of a PW is maintained by the two end PEs of a PW. The packet carries two layers of tags to travel through the backbone network of the carrier. establishment of LSPs between PEs. and return it (also known as "PopElement(Off)". The PW is established and maintained by PEs through signaling protocols. each QPSK character can perform twobit coding and display the codes in Gray code on graph with the minimum BER. It is a data packet at the network layer of the OSI model. A device that is located in the backbone network of the MPLS VPN structure. protection ground cable Protection path protocol data unit provider edge pseudo random binary A sequence that is random in a sense that the value of an element is independent of the sequence values of any of the other elements. On these phases. See quality of service See quadrature phase shift keying QoS QPSK quadrature phase shift A modulation method of data transmission through the conversion or modulation and keying the phase determination of the reference signals (carrier). similar to real random sequences. A PE is responsible for VPN user management. the layer 2 virtual private network (VPN) is provided for the user. PSN PTN PW PWE3 See packet switched network packet transport network See pseudo wire See pseudo wire emulation edge-to-edge Q QinQ A layer 2 tunnel protocol based on IEEE 802. During the process. A PE can be a UPE. It encapsulates the tag of the user's private virtual local area network (VLAN) into the tag of the public VLAN. or "GetMinimum") (3) PeekAtNext (optional): look at the element with highest priority without removing it A cable which connects the equipment and the protection ground bar. The simulation approximates to the real situation. an SPE. In this manner. or an NPE. a PE performs the mapping and forwarding of packets between the private network and the public channel. It emulates the essential attributes edge-to-edge of a telecommunication service such as ATM. A specific path that is part of a protection group and is labeled protection.1Q encapsulation. while the other half is green. PWE3 also emulates the essential attributes of low speed Time Division Multiplexed (TDM) circuit and SONET/SDH.A Glossary OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description priority queue An abstract data type in computer programming that supports the following three operations: (1) InsertWithPriority: add an element to the queue with an associated priority (2) GetNext: remove the element from the queue that has the highest priority. A-24 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. pseudo wire An emulated connection between two PEs for transmitting frames.. Ltd. The four dots are evenly distributed on a circle. and exchange of routing information between sites of the same VPN.

Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol RDI received signal level Received Signal Strength Indicator Receiver Sensitivity RED Reed-Solomon-Code An evolution of the Spanning Tree Protocol. as well as the capability of a service provider to meet the demands of users. and signal-to-noise ratio. The AC with frequency higher than 10 kHz is called high-frequency current. The received wide band power. RFCs can be obtained from sources such as InterNIC. Request For Comments A document in which a standard. The reference point for the measurement shall be the antenna Receiver sensitivity is defined as the minimum acceptable value of average received power at point R to achieve a 1 x 10-12 BER (The FEC is open). A device in the RNS which is in charge of controlling the use and the integrity of the radio resources.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description A Glossary quality of service A commonly-used performance indicator of a telecommunication system or channel. including thermal noise and noise generated in the receiver. after discussion and serves as the standard. radio network controller random early detection A packet loss algorithm used in congestion avoidance. It discards the packet according to the specified higher limit and lower limit of a queue so that global TCP synchronization resulted in traditional Tail-Drop can be prevented. The RSTP protocol is backward compatible with the STP protocol. A-25 . Remote error indication path (REI-P) is sent to the upstream PTE when errors are detected in the B3 byte. It is the abbreviation of high-frequency AC electromagnetic wave. it may relate to jitter. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. providing for faster spanning tree convergence after a topology change. bit error ratio. REI remote defect indication remote error indication A remote error indication (REI) is sent upstream to signal an error condition. R radio frequency A type of electric current in the wireless network using AC antennas to create an electromagnetic field. It functions to measure the quality of the transmission system and the effectiveness of the services. See remote error indication A signal transmitted at the first opportunity in the outgoing direction when a terminal detects specific defects in the incoming signal. RF can be classified into such high-frequency current. The AC with the frequency lower than 1 kHz is called low-frequency current. delay. See random early detection A forward error correction code located before interleaving that enables correction of errors induced by burst noise. for TDD within a specified timeslot. Widely used error correction scheme to fight transmission errors at the receiver site. See remote defect indication The signal level at a receiver input terminal. The RFC is actually issued. or other information pertaining to the operation of the Internet is published. Depending on the specific system and service. There are two types of REI alarms: Remote error indication line (REI-L) is sent to the upstream LTE when errors are detected in the B2 byte. within the bandwidth defined by the receiver pulse shaping filter. under the control of the IAB.. packet loss ratio. a protocol. Ltd.

Ltd. Routers regularly share routing table information to be up to date. and the destination. short message (SM) protocol type and account. A simple routing protocol that is part of the TCP/IP protocol suite. It determines a route based on the smallest hop count between source and destination. RSVP operates on the transport layer. RSVP is a network control protocol like Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP). when detecting that the transmit end transmits a large volume of traffic. Routing tables are updated frequently as new information is available. intervening routers. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . destination address. each IP packet is routed independently. Routes can change dynamically. the receive end sends signals to ask the transmit end to slow down the transmission rate.. A mapping table that stores the relationship between the original address. A route is the path that network traffic takes from its source to its destination. A table that stores and updates the locations (addresses) of network devices. A router relies on the destination address and on the information in the table that gives the possible routes--in hops or in number of jumps--between itself. however. RIP is a distance vector protocol that routinely broadcasts routing information to its neighboring routers and is known to waste bandwidth. Some lower-level alarms always accompany a root alarm. A traffic control method. See radio frequency See Request For Comments See Routing Information Protocol remote network monitoring remote network monitoring See radio network controller An alarm directly caused by anomaly events or faults in the network. The SMSC delivers an SM to the designated account according to the information set in the route table. RSVP does not transport application data. See received signal level See Received Signal Strength Indicator See Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol See Resource Reservation Protocol radio transmission node reverse pressure RF RFC RIP RMON RMON RNC Root alarm route route table Routing Information Protocol routing table RSL RSSI RSTP RSVP RTN S SD SDH SEMF See space diversity See synchronous digital hierarchy See synchronous equipment management function A-26 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.A Glossary OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description Resource Reservation Protocol The Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP) is designed for Integrated Service and is used to reserve resources on every node along a path. In a TCP/ IP network. In telecommunication.

can monitor the activities of various devices on the network and report these activities to the network console workstation. SES Setup Priority severely errored second A one-second period which has a bit error ratio ≥ X 10-3 or at least one defect. 592 needs correction). Time interval of one second during which a given digital signal is received with an error ratio greater than 1 X 10 -3 (Rec. This protocol ensures the transmission of management information between any two points. ITU R F. between two points. According to SNMP. Ltd. The SLA details the specific operating and support requirements for each service provided. It protects the service provider and customer and allows the service provider to provide evidence that it has achieved the documented target measure. It also provides specific. It is used to determine whether the tunnel can preempt the resources required by other backup tunnels. See severely errored second The priority of the tunnel with respect to obtaining resources. SF SFP side trough signal cable signal fail signal to noise ratio See signal fail See small form-factor pluggable The trough on the side of the cable rack. which can be hardware as well as software. SNR is expressed as 10 times the logarithm of the power ratio and is usually expressed in dB (Decibel). A signal that indicates the associated data has failed in the sense that a near-end defect condition (non-degrade defect) is active. quantifiable information about measuring and evaluating the delivery of services. See service level agreement See Service Level Agreement * To divide data into the information units proper for transmission. A customer may be a user organization (source domain) or another differentiated services domain (upstream domain). A SLA may include traffic conditioning rules which constitute a traffic conditioning agreement as a whole or partially. A-27 . which is used to place nuts so as to fix the cabinet. agents. It enables remote users to view and modify the management information of a network element.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description A Glossary service level agreement A service contract between a customer and a service provider that specifies the forwarding service a customer should receive. Designating or pertaining to a method of operation in which information can be transmitted in either direction. but not simultaneously. and other non-subscriber signal cable.. Control information about each device is maintained by a management information block. network cable. A specification for a new generation of optical modular transceivers. The polling mechanism is adopted to provide basic function sets. The ratio of the amplitude of the desired signal to the amplitude of noise signals at a given point in time. Service Level Agreement * A management-documented agreement that defines the relationship between service provider and its customer. A network management protocol of TCP/IP. See subnetwork connection Simple Network Management Protocol simplex SLA SLA* Slicing small form-factor pluggable SNC Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. ranging from 0 (indicates the highest priority) to 7. Common signal cables cover the E1 cable.

on the other hand. On the one hand. according to different functions. it is formed by the association of "ports" on the boundary of the subnetwork. clock subnet and so on. For example. STP applies to the redundant network to block some undesirable redundant paths through certain algorithms and prune a loop network into a loop-free tree network. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . Currently. protection subnet. A-28 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. to make better use of available bandwidth and allow more devices to be connected than with other multiplexing techniques. subnetwork connection A function. server or router and is matched with the IP address. it helps the network management personnel focus on the equipment under their management. which allows a working subnetwork connection to be replaced by a protection protection subnetwork connection if the working subnetwork connection fails. A sub-network planning can better the organization of a network view. only receive SD is used. the view space can be saved. and it is indicated with a sub-network icon on a topological view. A sub-network can contain NEs and other sub-networks. Statistical multiplexing A multiplexing technique whereby information from multiple logical channels can be transmitted across a single physical channel. or if its performance falls below a required level. a sub-network is used to contain the equipment located in adjacent regions and closely related with one another. Compare with TDM. This behavior operates at the data link layer of the OSI model. subnet mask subnetwork connection A "transport entity" that transfers information across a subnetwork. forward frames based on label or the destination address of each frame. Ltd. The subnet mask is a binary pattern that is stored in the client machine. instead of by a signaling protocol. STM STM-1 STM-N STP sub-network See Synchronous Transport Module See synchronous transport mode-1 See synchronous transport module of order N See Spanning Tree Protocol Sub-network is the logical entity in the transmission network and comprises a group of network management objects. Spanning Tree Protocol STP is a protocol that is used in the LAN to remove the loop. Generally.. The network that consists of a group of interconnected or correlated NEs. SSM static virtual circuit See Synchronization Status Message Static virtual circuit. A static implementation of MPLS L2VPN that transfers L2VPN information by manual configuration of VC labels. The U2000 supports multilevels of sub-networks. SVC switch See static virtual circuit To filter.A Glossary OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description SNCP SNMP SNR space diversity See subnetwork connection protection See Simple Network Management Protocol See signal to noise ratio A diversity scheme that enables two or more antennas separated by a specific distance to transmit/receive the same signal and selection is then performed between the two signals to ease the impact of fading. The technique used by the IP protocol to determine which network segment packets are destined for. It dynamically allocates bandwidth only to active input channels.

It consists of information payload and Section Overhead (SOH) information fields organized in a block frame structure which repeats every 125. Message Nodes on an SDH network and a synchronization network acquire upstream clock information through this message. This is also known as tail drop because packets are dropped from the input end (tail) of the queue. It interleaves the bytes of low-speed signals to multiplex the signals to high-speed counterparts. packet drops can occur. provisioning. including planning. When a packet drop occurs. and interface code. thereby letting the queue empty. 4.709. Ltd. A-29 . operation and administration of telecommunications equipment. The SEMF converts performance data and implementation specific hardware alarms into object-oriented messages for transmission over DCCs and/or a Q interface. mode-1 Synchronous Transport Module An STM is the information structure used to support section layer connections in the SDH. When a queue within a network router reaches its maximum length. module of order N T tail drop A type of QoS. The information is suitably conditioned for serial transmission on the selected media at a rate which is synchronized to the network. multiplexing mode. See ITU-T Recommendation G. installation. such as tracing. tag control information See Transmission Control Protocol See time division multiplexing See traffic engineering See traffic engineering database Tail drop TCI TCP TDM TE TEDB Telecommunication A protocol model defined by ITU-T for managing open systems in a communications Management Network network. synchronous equipment management function synchronous transport Synchronous Transfer Mode at 155 Mbit/s. and forward the synchronization information to downstream nodes. maintenance. or converting to holdoff. and the line coding of scrambling is used only for signals. STM capacities for N = 4.708.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description A Glossary Synchronization Status A message that carries quality levels of timing signals on a synchronous timing link. switching. Higher capacity STMs are formed at rates equivalent to N times this basic rate.. 707 for STM modules of order 1. connection-based protocols such as TCP slow down their transmission rates in an attempt to let queued packets be serviced. SDH is suitable for the fiber communication system with high speed and a large capacity since it uses synchronous multiplexing and flexible mapping structure. Then the nodes can perform proper operations on their clocks. and G. A congestion management mechanism. It defines the transmission features of digital signals such as frame structure. networks and services. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. SDH is an important part of ISDN and BISDN. A basic STM is defined at 155 520 kbit/s. G. synchronous transport A STM-N is the information structure used to support section layer connections in SDH. transmission rate level. N = 16 and N = 64 are defined. higher values are under consideration. synchronous digital hierarchy A transmission scheme that follows ITU-T G.707. 16 and 64. This policy of discarding packets may result in network-wide synchronization due to the TCP slow startup mechanism. This is termed STM-1. An architecture for management. in which packets arrive later are discarded when the queue is full.

A connection-oriented. TEDB is the base of forming the dynamic TE path in the MPLS TE network. a tunnel is an information transmission channel between two entities. The expanded OSPF and IS-IS contain some TE features. 2. such as OSPF and IS-IS. A technique used in best-effort delivery systems to prevent packets that loop endlessly. Every router collects the information about TE of every links in its area and generates TE DataBase. which uses the link state algorithm. and to optimize the utilization of network resources. a function provided by the equipment. The TTL is set by the sender to the maximum time the packet is allowed to be in the network. n=0. It is a way of controlling the network traffic from a computer to optimize or guarantee the performance and minimize the delay. In most cases. is intended to protect N tributary processing boards through a standby tributary processing board. 3…). Tributary protection switching. route parameters and resource restriction parameters. and the sampling value codes of multiple signals engross time slots in a certain order.A Glossary OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description TIM time division multiplexing trace identifier mismatch A multiplexing technology. See Telecommunication Management Network A ToS sub-field (the bits 0 to 2 in the ToS field) in the ToS field of the IP packet header. TDM divides the sampling cycle of a channel into time slots (TSn. MPLS TE needs to know the features of the dynamic TE of every links by expanding the current IGP. and the reassembly and verification of the complete messages from packets received by IP. time to live TMN ToS priority TPS traffic engineering traffic engineering database Traffic shaping Transmission Control Protocol tributary protection switch trTCM TTL TU Tunnel A-30 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The protocol within TCP/IP that governs the breakup of data messages into packets to be sent via IP (Internet Protocol). 1. and discards any packet if the TTL counter reaches zero. forming multiple multiplexing digital signals to be transmitted over one channel. avoiding packet loss and congestion. The maximum reserved bandwidth of the link and the unreserved bandwidth of every link with priority are rather important. reliable protocol (reliable in the sense of ensuring error-free delivery). Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . Ltd. In VPN. TEDB is the abbreviation of the traffic engineering database. The purpose is to prevent the congestion caused by unbalanced loads. to adjust in real time the parameters such as traffic management parameters. TCP corresponds to the transport layer in the ISO/OSI reference model. a tunnel is an MPLS tunnel. such as the link bandwidth and color. See two rate three color marker See time to live tributary unit A channel on the packet switching network that transmits service traffic between PEs. The tunnel ensures secure and transparent transmission of VPN information. Each router in the network decrements the TTL field when the packet arrives. It actively adjusts the output speed of traffic in the scenario that the traffic matches network resources provided by the lower layer devices.. See tributary protection switch A technology that is used to dynamically monitor the traffic of the network and the load of the network elements.

The configuration data then covers the configuration data stored at the NMS side. duplicated. This type of service is ideal for the transmission of IP datagrams. No feedback to congestion. that is. A-31 VBR VC Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . No commitment to transmission. or red. Therefore. the destination device does not actively confirm whether the correct data packet is received.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description A Glossary two rate three color marker The trTCM meters an IP packet stream and marks its packets based on two rates. Otherwise it is marked either yellow or green depending on whether it exceeds or doesn't exceed the CIR.. A. Unlike a permanent CBR (Constant Bit Rate) channel. a VBR data stream varies in bandwidth and is better suited to non real time transfers than to real-time streams such as voice calls. delayed. User Datagram Protocol (UDP) uses IP to deliver datagrams. Multicast services are copied from the M-VLAN to the user VLAN. UDP provides application programs with the unreliable connectionless packet delivery service. See variable bit rate See virtual container Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and their associated burst sizes to be either green. upload User Datagram Protocol user network interface The interface between user equipment and private or public network equipment (for example. ATM switches). UBR cells are discarded. An operation to report some or all configuration data of an NE to the NMS(Network Management system). A packet is marked red if it exceeds the PIR. A TCP/IP standard protocol that allows an application program on one device to send a datagram to an application program on another. Ltd. UDP messages can be lost. V V-UNI variable bit rate See virtual user-network interface One of the traffic classes used by ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode). Peak Information Rate (PIR) and Committed Information Rate (CIR). unavailable second See unspecified bit rate See User Datagram Protocol The cables connected cabinets and other devices are routed underfloor. and no feedback or request for slowing down the data rate is delivered to the sender. yellow.6 U-Z This section provides the terms starting with letters U to Z. U U-VLAN UAS UBR UDP underfloor cabling UNI unicast unspecified bit rate A VLAN attribute indicating that the current VLAN is a user VLAN of an M-VLAN. UDP is used to try to transmit the data packet. See user network interface The process of sending data from a source to a single recipient. or delivered out of order. In case of congestion.

virtual route forward VRF performs the function of establishing multiple virtual routing devices on one actual routing device. Issue 01 (2011-06-30) . The VCI. together with the VPI. A 16-bit field in the header of an ATM cell. Ltd..A Glossary OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description VCC VCG VCI VCTRUNK virtual channel connection virtual channel identifier virtual concatenation group virtual container See virtual channel connection See virtual concatenation group See virtual channel identifier A virtual concatenation group applied in data service mapping. A logical grouping of multiple virtual channel connections into one virtual connection. VoIP involves sending voice information in a digital form in discrete packets rather than by using the traditional circuit-committed protocols of the public switched telephone network (PSTN). works as an action point to perform service classification and traffic control in HQoS. A group of co-located member trail termination functions that are connected to the same virtual concatenation link The information structure used to support path layer connections in the SDH. It consists of information payload and path Overhead (POH) information fields organized in a block frame structure which repeats every 125 or 500 μs. VPLS enables geographically isolated user sites to communicate with each other through the MAN/WAN as if they are on the same LAN. also called the internal port of a data service processing board The VC logical trail that carries data between two end points in an ATM network. the L3 interfaces of the device are distributed to different VRFs. is used to identify the next destination of a cell as it passes through a series of ATM switches on its way to its destination. A virtual user-network interface. That is. See voice over IP See virtual path identifier See virtual private LAN service See virtual private network See virtual route forward virtual user-network interface VLAN voice over IP VoIP VPI VPLS VPN VRF A-32 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. virtual local area network virtual path identifier virtual private LAN service virtual private network A system configuration. This is often associated with switched Ethernet. where the subscriber is able to build a private network via connections to different network switches that may include private network capabilities. A type of point-to-multipoint L2VPN service provided over the public network. A logical grouping of two or more nodes which are not necessarily on the same physical network segment but which share the same IP network number. See virtual local area network An IP telephony term for a set of facilities used to manage the delivery of voice information over the Internet. The field in the Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) cell header that identifies to which virtual path the cell belongs. performing the function of establishing multiple virtual route forwarding instances on the device.

See weighted random early detection See weighted round Robin See wait to restore winding pipe WRED WRR WTR X XPIC See cross polarization interference cancellation Issue 01 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. such as a province. WRED is favorable for the high-priority packet when calculating the packet loss ratio. This scheduling algorithm allocates the total bandwidth of an interface to queues. a state or even a country. weighted round Robin N/A WFQ wide area network See weighted fair queuing A network composed of computers which are far away from each other which are physically connected through specific protocols.OptiX RTN 980 Radio Transmission System Product Description A Glossary W wait to restore WAN Web LCT weighted fair queuing The number of minutes to wait before services are switched back to the working line. according to their weights and schedules the queues cyclically. Ltd. It can prevent the global TCP detection synchronization caused by traditional tail-drop. which acts as the corrugated pipe. A tool for fiber routing. See wide area network The local maintenance terminal of a transport network. In this manner. WAN covers a broad area. which is located on the NE management layer of the transport network A fair queue scheduling algorithm based on bandwidth allocation weights. weighted random early A packet loss algorithm used for congestion avoidance. A-33 . packets of all priority queues can be scheduled.