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Limestone Guide 1

Limestone Guide 1

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Published by: burychurch on Feb 25, 2008
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05/08/2014

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In the Yorkshire Dales there are lots of very strange and wonderful natural scenery all made from

one material – limestone. This guide will show you what’s what and give a brief explanation of how they are formed.
A map of the Yorkshire Dales showing Malhamhttp://www.bbc.co.uk/handsonnature/uplands/malham_access. shtml

Limestone pavement

Clint

Gryke

Limestone Pavement at Malham Covehttp://www.btinternet.com/~david.leedham/yorkdales.html

A limestone pavement is made up of clints, which are bare slabs of rock, and grykes, which are cracks in between the slabs of rock. These are formed by the rain wearing away the joints in the exposed limestone.

Resurgence Swallowwater flows out from the Hole
The place where the caves is called the resurgence. A swallow holetheformedflows a stream runs This is where is water when across rock that itthe limestone through cannot pass through but then reaches limestoneformingit can seep through. As the stream runs where an opening. through the limestone it dissolves the rock leaving a large hole in the ground. This water then flows underground causing more spectacular scenery, such as caves.

Dry Valley
Dry valleys, such as Watlowes Valley (shown in the picture), were formed millions of years ago during the # last ice age. This happened by a river carving out the valleys from the frozen limestone. The river is no longer there as when the limestone thawed the river seeped through the rock instead of flowing over it.

Tourism

Walking and hiking are very Goredale Scar

popular in the Yorkshire Scars are another Dales because of the beautiful and limestone feature that are in the spectacular scenery that can only National Park. Yorkshire Dales be reached by foot. Also, there are lots An example is Goredale Scar of heritage sites in the Yorkshire (shown in the picture). These Dales, which tourists may find very formed limestone cliffs were interesting. from glaciers scraping away the However,surface of the rock leaving bare tourists are asked to remember thatexposed rock faces. they can also damage the scenery. They should follow the countryside code at all times and walkers should keep to rights of way so as not to trespass onto private land or damage the landscape.

Farming Malham Cove

Malham Cove was also formed during Yorkshire Dales National Park is the last ice age. It was created byfarmland, so to preserve the look of a waterfall flowing over the limestone and wearing it the landscape farmers build stone away. Also, when the limestone thawed the stonewalls around their barns and river that created the waterfall went through fields. This adds to the traditional the limestone.

40% of the land in the

look of the Yorkshire Dales that the tourists come to see. Also, to preserve the wildlife farmers do not use pesticides.

Quarrying As there is such an
abundance of limestone and other types of rock in the Yorkshire Dales it is a very popular place for quarrying. However, the quarrying spoils the look of the environment because natural scenery, such as limestone pavements, have to be destroyed. To combat this the Yorkshire Dales National Park council keep quarrying to a minimum.

By Rebecca Jones

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