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11871099

11871099

Abstract:
The subject of thisstudy isthe role of the Church in Latin kingdom of
Jerusalem, since the establishment of the Kingdom 1099, and even recover
Jerusalem by Saladin 1187.To identify the role of the Church, its objectives,
impact, and achievements that has had a direct impact on the future of the crusading
movement.In addition to showcasing ecclesiastical Latin presence in the Holy
Land,where period of the study represents an important stage in the history of the
Latin Church. It was a fertile phase; there was many Works, activities and relations
of the church.

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(1)

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11081102

11121108


1108

(3)1099
1101
(4)


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Aschetinus
1153

(5)1107
(6)1109

1104
1110

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(7)

(8)

(9)



11121118

(10)
11181128


(11)1119

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(12)

1122 ODO


1127

(13)

(14) 1128
11301128


1129


11451130
1133
1135
(15)1104

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Guerricus Amalric

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(17)

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(18)

2

(19)

(20)

Routunda

(21)1149

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(23)



Templum Domini

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(25)
1103
1140
Melisende Ivette
(26)1144



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(27)1160
1160
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(29)

1168 The Passiom and Resurrection



(30)

1128

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Basillican

(32)

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Smail
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(34)
3

Robert of Rouen
(35)1099

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(39)

(40)

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1101


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Emma

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(43)

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Bethany Thecua

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1125
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(47)
4


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28



(49)




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1099

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1101

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(53)

(54)1104


(55)1110

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1124


(57)

Belthasem
(58)

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(60)1119Tell Danith
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(61)

(62)1101

Daniel
110107

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(64)

(65)

(66)

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Hospital of St. John



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1099


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(74)

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Calvary
(77)

(78)

Bet Phage


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(79)

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(81)
Holy Light Holy Fire

(82)
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(83)

Holy Saturday

Lord have Mercy upon usKyrie Eleison


(84)

(85)

Ascdnsionday

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(86)

(87)


1120

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(88)"















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(1)

J.Richard, The Political and Ecclesiastical Organization of the Crusader States,


inSetton ed., A History of The Crusades Vol. V., U.S.A.1985.p.235.

(2)

William of Tyer, A History of the Deeds Done Beyond the Sea, transl. and
annotated by Emily Atwater Babcock and A.C. Krery, Colombia University
Press1943., Vol.I, p.403.

(3)

Fulcher of Charter, A History of the Expedition to Jerusalem (1095 1127),


trans., Rita Ryan, ed..- U.S.A: Harold Fink,1969.p.115., Smail, R,C, The
Crusaders in Syriaand The Holy Land, Great Brittan 1974.p.123.

(4)

Richard., Op.Cit., p.239.

(5)

Hamilton, Bernard, The Latin Church in The Crusader States, The Secular
Church.- London, 1980.p.60.

(6)

Prawer, J, The Latin Kingdom, European Colonialism in The Middle Ages,


Israel, 1972.p.164.

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(7 )

325
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Rowe, j.g., The Papacy and Ecclesiastical Province of Tyre, 1100-1180, The
John Ryland's Library vol.43, Manchester 1960-61.p.172.

(9)

William of Tyre, Op.cit.Vol.II, p.4.

(10)

Boase, T.S.R, Kingdoms and Strong Holds of The Crusaders, London1971.p.42.

(11)

Prawer, The Latin Kingdom., p.162.

(12)

Hamilton, The Latin Church., p.243.

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Ibid, p.67., Richard, The Political Ecclesiastical., p.240.

(14)

Richard, Op.Cit., p.243.

(15)

Prawer, The Latin Kingdom., p.166.

(16)

Hamilton, The Latin Church., p.77.

(17)

Prawer, Op.Cit., p.167.

(18)

Hamilton, Op.Cit., p.87.

(19)

Smail, The Crusaders in Syria., p.124.

(20)

William Of Tyre, Op.Cit., Vol.I, p.344.

(21)

Smail, The Crusaders in Syria., p.130.

(22)

John of Wurzburg, Description of the Holy Land (1160-1170 A.D.), Trans. by


Aubrey Stewart, In. P.P.T.S., Vol. V., London, 1896. p. 36.

(23)

Benvenisti, Moron, The Crusaders in The Holy Land.-Jeruslam, 1970, p.68.

(24)

Benvenisti, Op.Cit., p.7o.

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371965
Smail., Op.Cit., p.131.
(26)

Conder, C, R, The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem.- London, 1897.p. 187,


Benvenisti, Op.Cit., p.71.

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Benvenisti, Op.Cit., p.160.


Smail, Op.Cit., p.124.
Benvenisti, Op.Cit., p. 161.

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Benvenisti, Op.Cit., p. 165.


Daniel, Pilgrimage of the Russian Abbot Daniel in The Holy Land (11061107A.D.) Annotated by Sir Wilson, in P.P.T.S., vol. IV, London, (1895).p.71.

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Smail, Op.Cit ., p.132.


Smail, Op.Cit., p.136.
Conder, OP.Cit., pp.188-189.
Hamilton, Op.Cit., p.137.
Ibid, pp.138-140.
Conder, Op.Cit., p.199., Smail., Op.Cit., p.131.
Conder, Op.Cit., p.194.
Ibid, p.169.
Smail, Op.Cit., p.125., Prawer, The Latin Kingdom., p.167.

1967

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Grousset, RmHistoire Des Croisades Et du Royaume De Jerusalem, Tom. I, Paris
1943. p.292.
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Hamilton, Op.Cit., p.63.


Conder, Op.Cit., p.191.
Hamilton, Op.Cit., p.145.
Hamilton, Op.Cit., p.146.
Ibid., p.147.

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Prawer, The Latin Kigdom., p.163.


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Hamilton, Op.Cit., p.136.


Anonymous, The Deeds of the Franks and Other Piligrims to Jerusalem, ed.by
Rosalind Hill, 1962, pp.94-95.

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Grousset, Op. Cit., tom I, p.290.


Ibid, p.292.
Fulcher., Op.Cit., p.166., William of Tyre, Op.Cit.Vol.I, p.450.
Hamilton., Op.Cit., p.61.
Hamilton, Op.Cit., p.65.

(57)

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William Of Tyre, Op. Cit., Vol.I., 39.

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J. Richard, The Political and Ecclesiastical., p.102.


Hamilton, The Latin Church., p.129.
Hamilton, Op.Cit., p.130.

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William of Tyre, Op. Cit., Vol. II, p.58.

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SmailOp.Cit., , p.125.
Conder, The Latin Kingdom, p.174.
Boas ., Jerusalem in The Crusade Time., p.156.
Richard, Hospitals and hospital., p91.
John of Wurzburg, Op., Cit., p.44.
Hamilton, Op. Cit., p.362.
Prawer, The Latin Kingdom, p.176.
Prawer, Op., Cit., p.176.
John of Wurzburg, Op., Cit., pp.70-71.
Prawer, Op., Cit., p.177.
Hamilton, Op. Cit., p. 128.

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Prawer, Op.Cit., 177.


Ibid, p.178.
John of Wurzburg, Op., Cit., p.19.
Prawer, Op. Cit., p.178.
Theodrich, Op.Cit., p.20.
Daniel Op.Cit., p.74.
Ibid, pp.74 -75.

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Fulcher, Op. Cit., p.106.


Theodrich, Theodrich s Description of the Holy Places (circ 1172AD)trans.
Aubrey Stewart, In. P.P.T.S., Vol. V., London, 1896.pp.14, 15.

(86)

Prawer, Op., Cit., p.181.

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William of Tyre, Op.Cit., Vol.I, p.536.

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