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Gyro’s

Flight Control System M.Waqas Aslam (3781)

© 2002 Tom Alberda and Jason Scarlett

Why do we need another gyroscope?

Conventional gyroscopes are too bulky and power hungry to meet the requirements of future advanced systems like hand-held navigation and micro satellites.

MEMS-based gyroscopes can be compact in size, low-cost, and offer low power consumption.

© 2002 Tom Alberda and Jason Scarlett

Types of Gyroscopes

Spinning mass Optical (ring laser, fiber optic) Gas rate gyro Vibrating Gyroscopes

Simple Oscillators (mass on a string, beams)

Balanced Oscillators (tuning forks)

Shell Resonators (lateral axis, wine glass, cylinder, ring)

© 2002 Tom Alberda and Jason Scarlett

Types of Gyroscopes • Spinning mass • Optical (ring laser, fiber optic) • Gas rate gyro
Types of Gyroscopes • Spinning mass • Optical (ring laser, fiber optic) • Gas rate gyro
Types of Gyroscopes • Spinning mass • Optical (ring laser, fiber optic) • Gas rate gyro

Applications of Gyrometers

Pitch, Roll & Yaw Rate Sensor

Global Positioning Systems Robotics Biomechanical systems Toys and Models 3D Input Devices

Applications of Gyrometers • Pitch, Roll & Yaw Rate Sensor • Global Positioning Systems • Robotics

© 2002 Tom Alberda and Jason Scarlett

Tuning Fork

Comb structures are used for

driving and

sensing motion in the plane of the device.

The proof masses form a parallel plate capacitor with the sense plate to measure out of plan motion.

Tuning Fork • Comb structures are used for driving and sensing motion in the plane of

Top View

Tuning Fork • Comb structures are used for driving and sensing motion in the plane of

Side View

© 2002 Tom Alberda and Jason Scarlett

Vibrating Ring Gyro

Ring is anchored in the middle, and support springs

flex during ring vibration. Energy is transferred from the primary mode to the secondary mode when rotated about the z-axis. The main advantage of a

vibrating ring, is that it can be

designed to reduce sensitivity to shock and vibration.

Vibrating Ring Gyro • Ring is anchored in the middle, and support springs flex during ring

Typical Ring Structure

Vibrating Ring Gyro • Ring is anchored in the middle, and support springs flex during ring

Resonant Modes

© 2002 Tom Alberda and Jason Scarlett

Related Links

F-22 Raptor Case Study

Gyroscopic Mouse

Vibrating Ring Manufacturer

High-Performance Poly-Si Vibrating Ring Gyroscope

Micromachined Tuning Fork Gyroscope (MIT)

© 2002 Tom Alberda and Jason Scarlett