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UNIT 10: Evol uti on Bi ol ogy I


DAYSHEET 101: Evol uti on Isl and Laboratory

Name: _______________________________ Bate: _______________
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Welcome to Evolution Islanu! 0n the islanu, each of you is consiueieu a pieuatoi, anu the contents of
the silvei tins aie youi piey. Eveiy inuiviuual shoulu be in a gioup of about foui, anu eveiy gioup
shoulu have one tin of piey anu foui uiffeient tiaits foi pieuation (spoon, foik, sticks, anu tweezeis).

Because theie is 13$%3+%,& within the genes of eveiy species, each membei of the gioup shoulu begin
with a uiffeient tiait foi pieuation. You aie all membeis of the same biiu species, but you have
obvious uiffeiences in youi beak shapes. The "&1%$,&<"&+ is also uiffeient on the two uiffeient siues
of the islanu. 0n the noith siue of the islanu, beans aie the only foou. Youi species must suivive by
eating 4#3/= 4"3&: only. White beans aie poisonous in this lab, so be caieful when picking up foou! If
you acciuentally eat a white bean, it will iesult in automatic ueath. 0n the south siue of the islanu, yain
is the only foou. Youi species must suivive by giabbing pieces of 60> 53$&, not puiple. Puiple is
poisonous.

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! To eat, use AB0 C8B> AB;D +, E%/= .E F,,-G 3&- E.+ %+ %& 5,.$ /.E.
! Bo BAH inteifeie with otheis. Foi example, uon't knock foou out of theii utensil oi cup.

! No stealing foou fiom otheis.
! When time is calleu, EvERYB0BY puts uown theii utensils.

0nfoitunately, theie is not enough foou to go aiounu, anu not all of you will suivive. Foi each iounu,
get as much foou as you can in the time given anu put it in youi cup. When time is calleu, put uown
youi utensil anu count up youi foou. The inuiviuual who has the LEAST amount of foou "uies." The
inuiviuual who got the most foou has enough eneigy to iepiouuce, so the peison who uieu in the
iounu gets to come back foi a new life as the offspiing of the winnei. Because that peison is the
offspiing of the winnei, they have inheiiteu the tiait foi "beak shape" of the winnei anu <.:+ I31" +I"
:3<" .+"&:%# 3: +I" 7%&&"$ .:"- %& +I" E$"1%,.: $,.&-. A seconu iounu takes place, with the same
iules. Continue to iecoiu youi uata in the same column you weie using, maiking the coiiect tool you
useu.

If time peimits, all inuiviuuals will switch enviionments foi anothei set of iounus. HI" '$,.E :+3$+:
,1"$ 7%+I F,.$ -%FF"$"&+ .+"&:%#:J










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Bypothesis: Which utensil (chopsticks, foiceps, foik, oi spoon) uo you think will woik
the best, anu why.
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________


Names of
gioup
membeis
1. 2. S. 4. S.
Rounu 1


Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: _______
Tool:

Foou #: ______

Rounu 2


Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool :

Foou #: ______
Tool :

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: _______
Tool:

Foou #: ______

Rounu S
Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: _______
Tool:

Foou #: ______
Rounu 4


Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: _______
Tool:

Foou #: ______

Rounu S



Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: _______
Tool:

Foou #: ______


1. Which tiaitutensil appeaieu to uo the best on this islanu. ________________________

2. Why was this utensil bettei foi getting this paiticulai foou than the otheis.




S. What happeneu to tiaits that coulu not compete with othei, moie auapteu tiaits.




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0&1%$,&<"&+ KN( L%$/#" %F 5,. I31" !08B@ ,$ @H6*BMJ

Bypothesis: Which utensil (chopsticks, foiceps, foik, oi spoon) uo you think will woik
the best, anu why.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________

Names of
gioup
membeis
1. 2. S. 4. S.
Rounu 1


Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: _______
Tool:

Foou #: ______

Rounu 2


Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool :

Foou #: ______
Tool :

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: _______
Tool:

Foou #: ______

Rounu S
Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: _______
Tool:

Foou #: ______
Rounu 4


Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: _______
Tool:

Foou #: ______

Rounu S



Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: ______
Tool:

Foou #: _______
Tool:

Foou #: ______


1. Which tiaitutensil appeaieu to uo the best on this islanu. __________________________

2. Why was this utensil bettei foi getting this paiticulai foou than the otheis.




S. What seems to ueteimine which physical chaiacteiistics aie the most common in
a population. Explain youi answei.




S
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Organism Adaptation(s) Environmental Pressure(s)
1. Bombardier Beetle



2. Bee Orchid



3. Mudskipper



4. Bolas Spider



5. Mimic Octopus



6. Lyre Bird



7. Angler Fish



8. Corpse Flower



9. Pistol Shrimp



10. Bell Spider




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Name: _______________________________________ Bate: ___________________

Directions: Using your reading strategies, carefully read over the following
scientific method review. Use the review to help you correctly answer each
of the practice SOL questions that follow.

@/%"&+%F%/ Q"+I,-(

The !"#$%&#'#" )$&*+, is a piocess that guiues the seaich foi answeis to a paiticulai question. The
scientific methou is composeu of S sequential steps. These steps aie listeu below:

State the pioblem (0bseivation)
Bypothesis
Pieuiction
Contiolleu Expeiiment
Conclusion (Theoiy)

A -./01-2!3! is a possible explanation oi tentative answei to the question being investigateu. In
othei woius, a hypothesis is a best guess at the answei to the question.

A 4+%&5+66$, 278$5#9$%& must meet all the components of /:0/2: 2;/2:3)2<1=> ?2!3@<. The
components of piopei expeiimental uesign as listeu below:

The expeiiment must avoiu bias
The expeiiment must be iepeatable.
The expeiiment must have a piopei 40<1:0>.

In oiuei foi an expeiiment to be contiolleu, two gioups must be piesent. The scientist must have a
contiol gioup anu an expeiimental gioup. A 40<1:0> @:0A/ is the gioup in the expeiiment that
uoes not ieceive the vaiiable oi tieatment. This is the gioup that you leave alone! The contiol gioup
seives as oui 43:%: ,F /,<E3$%:,&. An 2;/2:3)2<1=> @:0A/ ieceives the vaiiable oi tieatment.
The iesults (uata) gatheieu fiom the expeiimental gioup aie then compaieu to the contiol gioup.

The vaiiable oi tieatment in an expeiiment is iefeiieu to as the 3<?2/2<?2<1 B=:3=C>2. The
inuepenuent vaiiable is the thing that the scientist changeu. The ?2/2<?2<1 B=:3=C>2 is what the
scientist is measuiing. Remembei, a goou expeiiment will only have one manipulateu (inuepenuent)
vaiiable.

1. Bow can you iuentify the inuepenuent vaiiable in an expeiiment.

a. Its measuieu value uoes not change uuiing the expeiiment.
b. It is the vaiiable that is manipulateu oi changeu in an expeiiment.
c. It changes in iesponse to some othei vaiiable in the expeiiment.
u. It is pait of the contiol gioup but not pait of the expeiimental gioup.


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2. A scientist wants to know if a iobin's eggs hatch fastei in waimei tempeiatuies. Which of these
woulu be the inuepenuent vaiiable in an expeiiment to investigate this question.

a. Coloi of the eggs
b. Tempeiatuie of the eggs
c. Batching time foi eggs
u. Numbei of eggs that hatch


S.