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# I thought you might benefit from a summary of the difference between the relationships on the square of opposition.

Contradiction: A – O and E–I Relative truth-values: if one is true, the other is false. They are never both true, and they are never both false. Contrariety: A – E and E – A Relative truth-values: they can both be false, but they cannot both be true. So, either both are false, or one is true and one is false. Subcontrariety: I – O and O – I Relative truth-values: they can both be true, but they cannot both be false. So, either both are true, or one is true and one is false. Subimplication: A – I and E–O Relative truth-values: If A is true, I must be true. Likewise, if E is true, O must be true. This does not say anything about what I would be if A were false; it also does not say anything about what O would be if E were false. Superimplication: I – A and O–E Relative truth-values: If I is false, A must be false. Likewise, if O is false, E must be false. This does not say anything about what A would be if I were true; It also does not say anything about what E would be if O were true.