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Beam rebar arrangement

1) Principle of beam rebar arrangement
Calculate the size and depth of beams according to the drawing and arrange them in a suggested order, that is, exterior beams and big beams(G) & deep beams first and then binding small beams(B beams) later. Supervisor has to check if the bar used at the top span meets the requirement on the drawing. Shorter bar than required might be used to save cost when the span is longer than 8,000mm, the bar standard. The bar might deflect from undesirable vibration when placing concrete if the double reinforcement or top end bar are tied with tying wires. To prevent this, 3 pieces of stirrups are used to tie the bars at the top and as many pieces to place double-leg bar & top bar on the bottom bar.
<The height will be changed by th rebar size>
Stirrup:end support(S.T.) Center support(S.T.)

Cap tie bar should carry out 1 by 1 at least. The 1st stirrup should be arranged with the space 50mm from the perimeter of side pillar.
1st stirrup arrangement beside of pillars main bar 1st stirrup arrangement beside of big beam main bar

big beam

@/2 or under 50mm from side pillar

@/2 or under 100mm from side big beam

The splice for upper part rebar of beam's end and lower part rebar of beam's center apply tension splice length.
<Main bar arrangement>
Ldh 0.3L1 OR 0.3L2 middle/ big value 12db 0.3L1 OR 0.3L2 middle/ big value

min 15 0.125L1 0.125L1

min 15 or continuance 0.125L1 L1

min 15 or continuance 0.125L2 L2

<Distance of stirrup>
S1 S2 S3 S4

50 end 0.25L1 center 0.5L1 L1 end 0.25L1


50 end 0.25L2 L2 center 0.5L2

Apply the above except the case of marking separately on beam chart. S1-S4 : stirrup distance

2) Types of stirrup
<a> Open type

- beam without cap tie bar - beam to be arranged by front end without twisting - beam without anti-earthquake plan

<b> Closed type

slab on both sides

slab on one-side

no slab on both sides

splice against total distance of member

over 30cm

- beam with front end and twist - in case of anti-earthquake plan

3) Position of beam tying(splice)

Splice location : diagonal line Calculation of bender When bent bars are used to reinforce beams, bending point of the bar is usually calculated as to the other end. distance from the center of the pillar. However, it is formal to divide it into 4 parts from the end of beam reinforcement

wall girder pillar

over 45cm

An example for processing Anchorage(fixed) bars are classified as the top bars and the bottom bars, when the former have tensile loads and the later have compression loads. Therefore, the top bars and bottom bars set fixed splice length with same method because it has difficulty in working separately for processing and assembling.(criterion of concrete structure plan) In a real construction, 40d is used for both of them for convenience sake. Cover depth of beams Stirrup with spacer should be tied several times. Pay attention when arranging reinforcements in order to have enough cover depth.
X beam


Y beam

cover thickness 40 height 40 Y beam X beam

4) Bending position of bender (classification of tension & compression)

Tension fixation Tension fixation A class tension splice bent bar

A class tension splice

(Top floor) penetration of bent bar top bar bent bar

(General floor)

Using the bent bars in beams is Japanese style, while cutoff bar is now in common.

5) Beam rebar arrangement(CUT TYPE)

In case of beam

0.3L or 0.3L1 big value

0.3L or 0.3L1 big value

In case of girder

0.3L or 0.3L1 standard hook fixed length big value

0.3L or 0.3L1 big value

Note 1) * : apply general bars splice length(A class splice) as standard splice length & fixed length of rebar(22page 6)) for above size 2) ** : fixed as standard hook form about center part bottom bar's 25% 3) splice length according to splice position of rebar arrangement - tying on upper part rebar(beam) tying except upper part rebar(beam) - tying on lower part rebar(beam) tying except lower part rebar(beam) block : apply A class tension rebar splice block : apply B class tension rebar splice block : apply A class tension rebar splice block : apply B class tension rebar splice

6) Beam rebar arrangement by using stepped pulley

The types of step are classified as planar step, elevated step, step in material according to their shapes. In each case, arrangement is in vertical or in horizontal. If the worker has no choice but to bend the bar, bend it at low grade. When the mid span of a beam has steps as shown below left, the bar might be necessarily bent, which is quite undesirable. The load tends to straightly pass through. If pulled out, the bar does not straighten as it looks. Far from straightening, it will break or fracture. Needless to say, it is recommended that the worker cut the bars and arrange them separately, as depicted below.
breakable due to the tension

tension fixed length

tension fixed length

Wrong method

Correct method

7) Hunch beam
Bend the bars at the bottom in a hunch former and anchor them onto the pillar. Bend a half of the bars at the bottom to let the anchorage length penetrate the pillar and anchor near the hunch point. One size bigger stirrup should be used at the hunch point.
S.T. one size bigger stirrup


8) Pillar-holding rebar (Butterfly stitching rebar/Stirrup closing rebar)

As few drawing gives direction on pillar-holding rebar, it is common to use it at every third stirrup. If not, all junctions of pillar-holding rebar should be confined per every stirrup.
<butterfly stitching rebar>




Better if one end hooked 135

9) Symbol of beam
Continuous end of beam Center of beam Exterior of beam Interior of beam Outside of beam

end stirrup:arrange 200mm distance-D10 lower part bar : upper part : HD22-3 HD22-3 end top bar : HD22-2 center stirrup-arrange 250mm distance-D10 support bar : HD13-2EA

center top bar : HD22-2

EXT(exterior) CENT(center) END(end) 400500(stirrup process size : 320420) tension splice (B class splice) stirrup : arrange 200mm distance-D10 support bar : HD22-3EA upper part bar : HD22-3EA

lower part bar : HD22-3EA

END(end) CENT(center) 300500(stirrup process size : 220420)

10) Detailed drawing of beam rahmen(arrangement)

horizontal rebar : HD10@200(arrange 200mm distance-D10) vertical rebar : HD10@200(arrange 200mm distance-D10)

END(end) CENT(center) 400500(stirrup process size : 320420)

tension splice

hoop : arrange 250mm distance-D10 support big bar : arrange 250mm distance-D10 400400(hoop process size : 320320) main bar : 10-HD19

tension splice (B class splice)

Each floor bottom structure plane figure symbol & beam chart symbol

You should check pillar size & rebar Qty per each floor, and also arrange after checking rebar Qty & drawing of outer pillars front and side.