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CHM 134 General Chemistry I Chapter 9 Worksheet, Fall 2009 – Dr.

Steel

Name

1. Draw a Lewis structure for each of these species. a. b. c. d. e. BrF41AsCl41SCl2 SiO2 CH4

2. Draw all the possible resonance structures (indicated in parentheses) for each of these molecules. a. b. c. d. HCO21NO21OCN1P2S (2) (2) (3) (3)

3. Identify the formal charges on each element in these structures. a.
O

Se

O

b. H

C
Cl

S

c.

1+

4. Use formal charges to determine which resonance structure is the one that most closely resembles the real structure of the molecule indicated: a. b. C N O
-1

C

N
O

O

-1

C
O

N

O

-1

O

C
Cl Br

C
Cl Br Cl

C
Br

5. Categorize the bond that forms between the two atoms in each pair below as covalent, polar covalent, or ionic. a. I – Cl d. C – C b. Na – Cl e. P – Si c. H – N f. Ca – O

6. Estimate the enthalpy change (ΔHrxn)for each reaction below. a. CH3OH → CO + 2 H2 b. C2H4 + Cl2 → C2H4Cl2 (C2H4 has a double bond, C2H4Cl2 does not)

a. O -1 Se +1 O 0 b. a. f. first structure. SiO2 O Si O e. H 0 C 0 S 0 Cl 0 c. ionic 6. c. covalent. a. b. -171 kJ .Answers: 1. +122 kJ. NO21c. a. Cl +3 O -1 F 0 4. d. e. BrF41F F Br F F -1 b. covalent. polar. neg. on O (none of these is favorable.(2) H C C 1b. HCO21. b. no formal charges on any element 5. a. OCN1d. though) b. ionic. AsCl5 Cl Cl c. first structure. CH4 H C H H O 1O H O 1O 2. P2S (2) (3) (3) P O 1O N O N -1 O O C N -1 O C N O C N -1 P S P P S P P S 3. polar. smallest charges. SCl2 Cl Cl H S Cl Cl As d. a.