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For internal use 1 © Nokia Siemens Networks
LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number
MOCN.1 RL10 + 1800MHz.General Project Phase P8 RL20 Demo + Barcelona C5. S1 flex Sales Trial(s) QPT (B12/2010) CP (M01/2011) Pilot projects Early Projects Release Trial(s) For internal use 2 © Nokia Siemens Networks LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number . 15 MHz.
Testing Schedule (Pilot. EP and Trials) CP JAN FEB MARCH C5 APRIL MAY JUNE P8 JULY Pilot Projects Telia Sonera SW / DK/ Fi Telia DK / Fi DTAG (800MHz) DTAG (1.6 GHz) RFP 1st August Early Projects LG U+ LG U+ SKT Elisa Fi TEF O2 (800 MHz) Lightsquared TMO US CUC RL20 Trials (BL lead.8/2. BL supported. Region alone) Optus Verizon US Cellular / AMX Mexico CUC TMO Croatia VDF Italy MTS Belarus Smartone HK Megafone Indosat For internal use 3 © Nokia Siemens Networks LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number M1 .
recap For internal use 4 © Nokia Siemens Networks LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number .Physical channels and signals .
Overview .Channels Upper Layers DL UL RLC MCCH MTCH CCCH BCCH BCH PBCH For internal use 5 © Nokia Siemens Networks PCCH PCH DTCH DCCH DL-SCH PDSCH CCCH DTCH DCCH Logical channels MAC MCH UL-SCH RACH Transport channels PHY PCFICH PDCCH PHICH PMCH PUCCH PRACH PUSCH Air interface LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number .
Downlink Physical Signals and Channels • Downlink Physical Signals – Reference Signals – Synchronisation Signals • Downlink Physical Channels – Physical Broadcast Channel (PBCH) – Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH) – Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH) – Physical Control Format Indicator Channel (PCFICH) – Physical Hybrid-ARQ Indicator Channel (PHICH) – Physical Multicast Channel (PMCH) For internal use 6 © Nokia Siemens Networks LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number .
RI.Overview – Control Information CQI. PMI. ACK/NACK SR eNode B DL control configuration 1x per cell RNTI DL scheduling UL Grant UL PWRC n x per cell HARQ Info For internal use 7 © Nokia Siemens Networks LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number . PMI. ACK/NACK CQI. RI.
since the scheduler in the eNodeB works on TTI basis (1ms) RBs are considered to last 1ms in time domain.Resource Block • Physical Resource Block or Resource Block (PRB or RB): 12 subcarriers in frequency domain (180kHz) x 1 slot period in time domain (0.5ms) Capacity allocation is based on Resource Subcarrier 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Blocks 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 • Note: Although 3GPP definition of RB refers to 0. They can also be known as ‘scheduling resource blocks’ 180 KHz 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Subcarrier 12 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 slot 1 slot 1 ms subframe For internal use 8 © Nokia Siemens Networks Resource Element LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number . In particular.5ms. in some cases it is possible to found that RB refers to 12 subcarriers in frequency domain and 1ms in time domain.
g. 10MHz (50 RBs) Central 72 subcarriers (6 RBs) For internal use 9 © Nokia Siemens Networks LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number Frequency .Physical Layer Downlink Summary DL-Physical Data & Control Channel DL-Channel DLOverview Total System Bandwidth e.
MIMO) the Resource elements allocated to reference signals on one antenna are DTX on the other antennas • Reference signals are modulated to identify the cell to which they belong.Reference Signals: OFDMA Channel Estimation • Channel estimation in LTE is based on reference signals (like CPICH functionality in WCDMA) • Reference signals position in time domain is fixed (0 and 4 for Type 1 Frame) whereas in frequency domain it depends on the Cell ID • In case more than one antenna is used (e.g. 0 symbols 6 0 symbols 6 subcarriers subcarriers Antenna 1 For internal use 10 © Nokia Siemens Networks LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number Antenna 2 .
Signals are reserved and transmitted as DTx – Synchronisation Signal can indicate 504 (168 x 3) CellID different values and from those one can determine the location of cell specific reference symbols For internal use 11 © Nokia Siemens Networks LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number .Synchronization Signals allocation (DL) • Synchronization signals: – Transmitted during the 1st and 11th slots within a radio frame – Occupy the central 62 Subcarriers (around the DC subcarrier) to facilitate the cell search – 5 Subcarriers above and 5 Subcarriers below the synch.
Physical Layer Cell Id • Physical Layer Cell Identity defines a cell. Physical layer Cell Identity Group and Physical layer Identity • Physical Layer Cell Identity = 3 x Physical layer Cell Identity Group + Physical layer Identity • Decoded during synchronisation using primary and secondary sync signal • PSS/SSS are used for: – Initial cell search and neighbor cell search • As a result of cell search the UE should acquire: – PHY cell ID Strongest Signal – DL center frequency – 10ms and 5ms timing – CP length – Duplex mode (TDD/FDD) Cell ID Group 0 (3 L1 id’s) Primary Synchronization Signal 168 Cell ID groups Cell ID Group i (3 L1 id’s) L1 id. slot (0/10) Secondary Synchronisation Signal Group 167 Phy L Cell ID Physical Layer Cell ID. Frame Alignment For internal use 12 © Nokia Siemens Networks LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number .Generic . but it is not necessarily unique in the network • It consists of the two parts.
4 MHz: within the first 2. 2 or 3 symbols of each TTI (case 1.DL Physical Channels Allocation • PBCH: – Occupies the central 72 subcarriers across 4 symbols – Transmitted during second slot of each 10 ms frame on all antennas • PCFICH: – Transmitted during the first symbol of each TTI – Occupies up to 16 RE per TTI • PHICH: – Tx during 1st symbol of each TTI or alternativ during symbols 1 to 3 of each TTI PhichDur – Each PHCIH group occupies 12 RE RB • PDCCH: – Occupies the REs not used by PCFICH and PHICH and Reference Signals within the first 1. 3 or 4 symbols) – In RL09/10: configuration static by MaxNbrOfOFDMSymsForPDCCH • PDSCH: – Is allocated the RE not used by signals or other physical channels For internal use 13 © Nokia Siemens Networks LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number .
The UE uses Resources Element at the edges of the channel RACH UL-SCH Transport MAC PHYS. PRACH PUSCH PUCCH For internal use 14 © Nokia Siemens Networks LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number . • PRACH: Physical Random Access Channel – For Random Access attempts. UE multiplexes both streams together CCCH DCCH DTCH Logical RLC • PUCCH: Physical Uplink Control Channel – Carries H-ARQ Ack/Nack indications. uplink scheduling request. PDCCH indicates the resource elements for PRACH use – PBCH contains a list of allowed preambles (64 per cell) and the required length of the preamble.UL Physical Channels • PUSCH: Physical Uplink Shared Channel – Intended for user data (carries traffic for multiple UEs) and control data – If control data is to be sent when traffic data is being transmitted. CQIs and MIMO feedback – Only control information is sent.
• Sounding Reference Signal (SRS).UL Channels The mapping of transport channels and UL control information (UCI) to physical channels is a task of the physical layer (PHY). Logical channel mapping is provided by the MAC layer.related signalling: • Physical Uplink Control Channel. PRACH. and signals with no information of higher layers: • Demodulation Reference Signals (DRS). Furthermore reference signals are provided by the physical layer which do not transfer any higher layer information. Physical channels with UL control . Physical channel for data and signalling from higher layers: • Physical Uplink Shared Channel. • Physical Random Access Channel. PUCCH. For internal use 15 © Nokia Siemens Networks LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number . PUSCH.
UE Channel state information (CSI) feedback types in LTE • The purpose of CSI feedback is to provide • • • the eNodeB information about DL channel state to help in the scheduling decision.Rank Indicator – PMI .Channel Quality Indicator (2) UE CSI measurement – RI .Precoding Matrix Indicator In general the CSI reported by the UE is just a recommendation – The eNodeB does not need to follow it The corresponding procedure for providing information about the UL channel state is called Channel Sounding and it is done using the Sounding Reference Symbols. the main new feature in the channel feedback is the frequency selectivity of the report CSI is measured by the UE and signaled to the eNodeB using PUCCH or PUSCH Channel state information in LTE can be divided into three categories: – CQI . SRS (not considered in this presentation) LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number (1) eNodeB transmission (3) UE feedback • • For internal use 16 © Nokia Siemens Networks . Compared to the WCDMA/HSPA.
PDCCH Uplink Grant • The eNodeB allocates the Uplink resources to the UEs by sending an UL Grant UL Grant contents •Resource Block assignment –Indicates the PRB the UE may use for transmission –Signaling format: index of starting PRB & number of contiguous PRBs •Modulation and Coding Scheme and the Redundancy version (5 bits) •Power control command (2 bits) •Cyclic Shift for the demodulation reference symbols •CQI request flag •PUSCH Hopping flag •New data indicator TDD specific •UL index (indicates which UL subframe the grant refers to) •Downlink assignment index For internal use 17 © Nokia Siemens Networks LTE Radio Parameters / v001 / Document Number .