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Aprendizaje-servicio y prosociaIidad

La educacin para Ia prosociaIidad y eI aprendizaje-servicio


ur. c5ertc cche, Un|vers|ooo Autncmo oe 8orce|cno (te|eccnferenc|oj
|tc |os aocs ctos ouc a|ota |a soc|coao oc| 2000, cst c| oc coso||-
oa u tc,|oo soc|a| os|t|vo ouc c|ta |a cov|vcc|a a|ca ctc csoas,
uos, co|cct|v|oaocs a|scs, sa|vauaoaoo su |oct|oao coo csoas, coo
uos o ac|ocs , a |a vcz, actuaoo so||oa|actc aa co |os ocs aa
coaouva a |a sucv|vcc|a, aa aucta |a ca||oao oc v|oa, aa 'a||a s||||-
caoo c c||a.
|sto s||||ca cao|ca aoso|utactc |a v|o|cc|a, aucta |a cst|a utua ctc
|os s|stcas 'uaos c c|ac| 'a||a v|as ocat|vas oc cou|cac| oc ca||oao
aa |a coc|ac|, s|cc cccsa|a, ouc c|ta ua o|st|ouc| ,usta oc |os ccu-
sos, cv|taoo ouc |a cso|uc| oc co|||ctos o |tccscs ccotaoos sc vca oosta-
cu||zaoa c |c|uso ccoaoa o |a oo|cat|zac| cstuctua| oc ua cou|cac|
oc||c|ctc o ctuoaooa.
|aa ouc cstas c|sas oc cao|cac| oc |a v|o|cc|a c |cccto oc |a ca||oao
oc |a cou|cac| sc cu|a cs cccsa|o csta cs |a ||ca |uoacta| oc| auto
ouc sc ootc oc ua |uoacta|, vo|uta|a, aoso|uta, o c act|va, cst|a o c| oto,
sca cstc csoa, uo o a|s.
Co, s| o, sc va a ctcoc a|ota |a a o|caoa oc v|o|cc|a ouc sc cst
asoaoo a ucstas soc|coaocs: |s ouc ua t|o|a cacc| oc co|oas cvct|vas
as|vas (ouc |os aoo|cscctcs o tca acccso a |as aas) va a octcc c| octc|oo
oc |as c|ac|ocs ctc |as csoas: |s ouc sc su||c|ctc, co a sc uc'o, csca
a ucstos a|uos 'ao|||oaocs o coctcc|as soc|a|cs cuo |t|o c|oao cs aa
c asct|v|oao csoa|:
|csoc ucsta cc|cc|a, a||aos co |ucza ouc cs cccsa|o asa a |a acc|
os|t|va. ucsta soc|coao 'a oc c|casc s a |ooo c |a costucc| oc u tc,|-
oo soc|a| oasaoo c |a cu|tua oc |a cat|a, oc |a ccos|oao, oc| scv|c|o, oc |a a-
tu|oao oc |a so||oa|oao.
Aprendizaje-aervicio y proaocialidad

|csoc |os aos 0, |as c|cc|as soc|a|cs 'a octc|aoo a co tata cstos |c-
cos os|t|vos oc |as c|ac|ocs.
|os oco|a conoucros prosoc|o|es, o oos|c| a |as coouctas at|soc|a|cs.
|a osoc|a||oao cst cc|coo c |a s|co|o|a cvo|ut|va c |a soc|a| o |as
cosccucc|as os|t|vas o occ||c|os ouc sc ocscoc aa |os cooctcs oc u
s|stca soc|a| a| cost|tu| ua otctc couctoa oc |a v|o|cc|a oc |a acs|v|oao, as|
coo c||caz costuctoa oc cc|oc|oao.
|csoc +82, osotos |sos, c |a ||vcs|oao /utoa oc 3acc|oa, covc-
c|oos oc |a |otac|a ouc tato aa |a s|co|o|a soc|a| coo aa c| ocsao||o
cvo|ut|vo oc |a csoa t|cc cstas coouctas act|tuocs, cstaos |vcst|aoo oc-
sao||aoo oaas oc |tcvcc| aa |a ot||zac| oc |os |sos.
|oocos cos|oca 'o |a coucac| aa |a osoc|a||oao, c su caactc|st|ca oc
c|cct|va cvcc| a co|o |azo oc |a v|o|cc|a, coo ua v|a oc autoa||s|s co-
s|u|ctc c,oa oc |as c|ac|ocs |tccsoa|cs c |os c|austos oc o|csocs, co
|||cac|ocs ||cas c su ac| oc ooc|os co|cct|vos os|t|vos aa |a coucac| oc
sus a|uos.
S|coo c| ooc|o tc|co ouc sc cscta uo c|ct|||co, ccto oc ao|ac|
o cc|us|v|oao |oco||ca oc uo, sc aoccua a co|cct|vos |oco||cactc u |u-
a|cs ucs ccta su |oca|o actuac| c va|ocs u|vcsa|cs u coucs. S|
coao o ocsoca s|o ouc va|oa uc'o cua|ou|c aotac| |oco||ca o c||-
|osa ouc |c|oa c c| atc||cto c,oa oc |a ot|vac| oc |os actcs cou-
cat|vos |||caoos , o tato, c |a |tcs|oao oc |a actuac| c |a co'ccc|a
v|ta| cocsoo|ctc.
|| 'cc'o oc 'aoc s|oo cc|ctaoo cscc|a|ctc c cscuc|as o||cas oc o|vc-
sos a|scs sca|a su otcc|a| aa oota a| |oca|o oc cua|ou|c cou|oao coucat|va
oc u c,c vctcoaoo cctaoo c va|ocs asu|o|cs o tooos |os actcs coucat|vos
csctcs oc |avoccc c| o||oo cst|a ctc tooos c||os.
|tcocos ouc |as cc|cc|as ouc ooc cst|u|a cstc ooc|o oc |tcvc-
c| sc |sc|oc c|aactc octo oc u taoa,o o |a az coo c| ouc 'a susc|taoo
cc|ctcctc |a /sao|ca Ccca| oc |a C|| ccaaoo a |a |||SCC ouc c|aoo-
La aolidaridad como aprendizaje

aa cooo|aa u oaa oc acc| sooc ua cu|tua oc az aa tooo c| s|stc-


a oc |ac|ocs ||oas.
/'oa o|c, s a|| oc| c|oouc ||c|a| coucat|vo-csco|a, ocsoc ua cscct|va
cc|us|vactc soc|a| o o||t|ca, tooo |o o|c'o oo|a cucst|oasc s| sc tataa oc uas
v|as aa c| coto| oc| ooc o||co, o c c| c,o oc |os casos, coo co|o oc
o|s|u| o cotcc ua tcs| c |os s|stcas 'uaos, ouc s| o|c ucoc |ouc| a
|a v|o|cc|a o c| ocsooc suovcs|vo, tao|c cs c|ccto ccaoo oc |u|sos
otcc|a| 'ac|a c| cao|o ||ocaoo, oasaoo c c|t|ca costuct|va.
ao|c oo|a ocscta cscvas sus|cac|as, ocsoc ota cscct|va c|t|ca cuaoo
sc aa||za su cooctc oc costos o cs|uczos oc autocotcc| o atc oc| |o|-
v|ouo c at|cu|a. | csc caso sc csta|a cos|ocaoo ua osoc|a||oao a| ctco|-
oa, ouc suoo|a a| auto oc acc|ocs osoc|a|cs coo csoa occo|ctc, su|sa,
oco |tc||ctc.
| c|ccto, |as |cas oc|||c|ocs oc osoc|a||oao asu|a |os occ||c|os aa |os
ccctocs oc |as acc|ocs osoc|a|cs, sca cstos csoas o soc|coaocs, oc,aoo a|
auto coo actc oc ua acc| c |a ouc coo|aoa |a cscc|a oc costo, cs-
|uczo, |vcs| oc cc|a, t|co, ccusos, ctc., s| cos|oca occ||c|os os|o|cs aa
cstos ouc, c ua oc|||c| |uosa oc cstc coccto, o ucoc cc|o| ccoc-
sas ctcas, ct|sccas o atc|a|cs.
| cao|o, actua|ctc, |a s|co|o|a cst ocscuo|coo co |a csoa ouc acta
osoc|a|ctc oot|cc occ||c|os s|ou|cos c |o ouc suoc oc ocsccta|cto oc|
o|o csac|o s|ou|co, oc caac|oao ct|ca, oc cotc|oo s||||catc, c c|ac| a
|os va|ocs , o tato, |c|occ|a c |a autocst|a, ou|zs a tavcs oc |a cccc|
oc |oo, oc c||cac|a, , c oc|||t|va, tao|c o |a costatac| oc |os occ||c|os ouc
cota a |os ccctocs.
|c csta |uc|oa||oao csu|tatc aa c| co oc| auto oc| cccto, ocouc|os su
os|t|v|oao aa |a o|a |tcacc| ctc aoos.
/s| c u at|cu|o atc|o (|oc'c, +6), sc 'a c|oaoo |os os|o|cs occ||c|os
csoa|cs o |tcos ouc ucoc suoc |a acc| osoc|a| tato aa |os ccctocs
coo cscc|a|ctc aa |os o|os autocs, c c| o|to oc |a sa|uo cta|.
Aprendizaje-aervicio y proaocialidad
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|o |o tato, c| cotc|oo oc ucsto taoa,o sc |sc|oc c |a taca oc ccota
|as v|as, |os ctooos, |os |stuctos ouc '|c|ca os|o|c |a |tooucc|, |oac|,
ooc|, atc||cto c |cccto oc ta| osoc|a||oao, cscc|a|ctc ocsoc ua
cscct|va coucat|va.
Sc cscta |a osoc|a||oao coo va|o coo ctooo. Coo va|o ctc |os
va|ocs coucs, u|vcsa|cs, a ooc, a csca, coo |c||os oc ua ct|ca v|va
aa tooo c| coota|cto 'uao caaccs oc ooc|oa s||||caoo a tooas
|as c|ac|ocs |tccsoa|cs soc|a|cs, as| coo |ac|||ta su cu|ac|.
|a coccc| oc oo,ct|vos cscc|||cos sc at|cu|a sc c| octa||c s|u|ctc.
- |cscta u oaa aa |a ot||zac| oc |as act|tuocs coota|ctos o-
soc|a|cs c c| aco coucat|vo.
- /a||za |as coc|ocs s |otatcs oc| aoo|cscctc, |ac|||ta su autococ|cc|a,
autoscs|o|||za sooc su cactc |tc||ctc, ot||za su ocsao||o |uc|oa||-
oao, cscc|a|ctc a|otaoo |as coc|ocs cat|vas.
- |cscta |as va|ao|cs ouc 'a oc ||oa tooa |a taca coucat|va, cscc|a|ctc
aouc||as ouc |c|oc c |a c,oa oc |a autocst|a aouc||as ouc aoooa |a c-
vcc| oc |a v|o|cc|a.
- aoa,a v|as oc |oac| coucat|va ouc asuc |a tc|cv|s| v|sta o |os a|uos
coo cotc|oos sooc |os ouc c|aooa u cst||o act|vo oc ocscoo|c|oa|cto c|-
t|co osoc|a|.
- /coaa |a ot|vac| 'ua|sta o||a| oc |os o|csocs 'ac|a ua ot||za-
c| ca||sta c |a tas|oac| coucat|va soc|a|.
- |ooc acc|ocs coucat|vas cocctas ouc |c|oa c c| ao|ctc |a|||a oc
a|stao oc |os a|uos, ccucaoo as| aa c| o|cso u o| ca||sta oc oc-
s|va tas|oac| oc| s a|| oc| au|a'.
- |ac|||ta |stuctos aa ua ocs|va cva|uac| s|stct|ca oc |os csu|taoos c
|a ot||zac|.
|tc |as caactc|st|cas ouc oc||c |os oaas ouc c| ||oo cscta sc c-
cucta.
- vo|uta|coao oc ao'cs|
- |||cac| c ||c|at|va
- otao|so oc |os a|uos
- cst||o oc |os oo,ct|vos
La aolidaridad como aprendizaje
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- ctooo|o|a asu|oa ccaoa co |os a|uos
- o||ccc|ac| c|aa oc| cst||o oocctc vcsus c| |stucc|oa| sc |as o|sc|||as
- 'o|zota||oao ao|ca| c |as c|ac|ocs
- |ooa||oao oc| a|uo coo csoa
- sct|oo oc avctua c co aa c| ocso
- coc|cc|a oc csosao|||oao coo ooc|os
- coat|c|ac| oc |as |a|||as
- a||cac| a |a v|oa ca|
- ot||zac| oc tooa |a cou|oao coucatc
- coo|so c ua cc|cc|a oc auto|oac|' osoc|a|
- ot|vac| aa |a o||us|
- co||c|oao 'ac|a |a u|oao oc |as csoas c c| uo
La prosocialidad y el aprendizaje-servicio
|cc|ctcctc 'cos as|st|oo c c| \|oso Cast|c (|c|o ||oo) a u Cocso
|tcac|oa| sooc `c.t e..e , e..e-!eo. |a s|oo ua ootu|oao aa co-
occ co va ocsaoo c s oc 30 a|scs c| accca|cto oc |a ,uvctuo
aoo|csccc|a a| scv|c|o vo|uta|o a |a cou|oao.
Cocctactc c|c|oo a |a aoo|csccc|a 'cos oo|oo ooscva co sat|s|acc|
co sc cst |toouc|coo c o|vcsos a|scs, ctc c||os /ct|a, |a cc|cc|a oc|
e..e-!eo (aco|za,c-scv|c|o), ouc tata oc ooc|oa a |os a|uos, cscc|a|-
ctc a at| oc |os +3-+- aos, ua |ca cc|cc|a oc scv|c|o vo|uta|o a |a co-
u|oao, ocsoc |a |sa cscuc|a.
|| occ||c|o aa c| a|uo cs u aoc ucs, aocs oc ca||za ua act|v|oao
co uc'o s||||caoo aa su autocst|a, c tato oucoa |||caoa tooa su csoa,
vc|||ca uos csu|taoos sat|s|acto|os aa |os ocs, cv|ctc c c| cstuo|o, c c| ac-
o|za,c ouc sc ||cva a caoo c |a cscuc|a, a| sc csta c| o|to oooc sc va a occoo|||-
ca csta cc|cc|a sooc |a oasc oc |as s va|aoas as|atuas.
uvc c| 'oo oc at|c|a ctc |os octcs ooc cscta |os occ||c|os
s|co||cos ouc c| aco|za,c-scv|c|o o|ccc ocsoc |a coucac| osoc|a|.
|c atcvc|a a suc| ouc |a cscuc|a 'a|a o|c, s| o |o '|c|ca a, a |vc| sccuoa-
|o, c o|ccc a sus a|uos csta os|o|||oao.
Aprendizaje-aervicio y proaocialidad
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Sc oo|a coccta as|. csta cc|cc|a 'ao|a oc sc csctaoa coo a|o oc
uc'o cst||o c |otac|a s|o |os oc ua c|cta coao o |vc| oo|a ca||za|a.
|s occ| ouc 'ao|a oc ocscta c |os cocs c| ocsco oc ooc|a ca||za.
|aa |a cscuc|a, csta cc|cc|a 'ao|a oc sc co|ct|ca oc su coccc| o-
soc|a|.
|a cscuc|a 'ao|a oc ooc|oa , s| |uca os|o|c, |||ca a |os aocs, c csta
scs|o|||oao oc scv|c|o vo|uta|o ouc va a ca||za sus '|,os.
Coo oef|n|c|n oc |os coota|ctos osoc|a|cs sc atc oc |a s|u|ctc. /ouc-
||os coota|ctos ouc, s| |a osoucoa oc ccocsas ctcas, ct|sccas o a-
tc|a|cs, |avoccc a otas csoas, uos o ctas soc|a|cs aucta |a ooao|||-
oao oc cca ua cc|oc|oao os|t|va, oc ca||oao so||oa|a c |as c|ac|ocs |tc-
csoa|cs o soc|a|cs cosccuctcs, sa|vauaoaoo |a |oct|oao, ccat|v|oao c ||c|at|va
oc |as csoas o uos |||caoos' (|oc'c, ++).
Cotecos , .eto,os
|csctaos ua taoo|a cocsoo|ctc a ua c|aooac| s a||a cc|-
sa csccto a |a co a|osa,oa, acooc co ucsta oc|||c| (|oc'c, ++).
+. ^,.!o ,s.o. |a cooucta o vcoa| ouc ocua as|stcc|a ||s|ca a otas cso-
as aa cu|| u octc|aoo oo,ct|vo, ouc cucta co |a aooac| oc
|as |sas.
2. e..c ,s.c |a cooucta ouc c|||a |a cccs|oao a |os ccctocs oc |a acc| oc
|tcvc| ||s|cactc c c| cu|||cto oc ua taca o coct|oo, ouc coc|uc
co |a aooac| o sat|s|acc| oc cstos.
3. |o , .cot |o oo,ctos, |ocas, cc|cc|as v|ta|cs, a||ctos o oscs|ocs a otos.
-. ^,.!o .e!o' |a c||cac| o |stucc| vcoa| ouc cs t|| ocscao|c aa otas
csoas o uos c |a cosccuc| oc u oo,ct|vo.
5. Ccs.e'c .e!o' |cs|ocs vcoa|cs aa couc| |a t|stcza oc csoas acaoas
o c auos aucta su |o.
6. Cc,o.c , .o'czo.c cst.o !e' ctc |cs|ocs vcoa|cs aa co||a c|
va|o oc otas csoas o aucta |a autocst|a oc |as |sas, |c|uso atc tccc-
os (|tccta os|t|vactc coouctas oc otos, o|scu|a, |tcccoc, co|atc a-
|aoas oc s|at|a, a|aoaza o c|o|o).
La aolidaridad como aprendizaje
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. s...o c,.!o Coouctas ctavcoa|cs act|tuocs c ua covcsac| ouc
ccsa aco|oa ac|ctc co act|vactc |tccsaoa c |os cotc|oos oo-
,ct|vos oc| |tc|ocuto.
8. oto. Coouctas vcoa|cs ouc, at|coo oc u vac|aoo vo|uta|o oc cotc|oos
o|os, ccsa cocs| co|t|va oc |os csa|ctos oc| |tc|ocuto o
coc| oc csta cc|ctaoo sct||ctos s|||acs a |os oc cstc.
. c'!o!o!. Coouctas ||s|cas o vcoa|cs ouc ccsa acctac| vo|uta|a oc co-
at| |as cosccucc|as, cscc|a|ctc cosas, oc |a coo|c|, cstatus, s|tuac| o
|otua ocsac|aoas oc otas csoas.
+0. |ese.o cst.o , .!o!. |cscc|a csoa| ouc ccsa act|tuocs oc o||oao
s|co||ca, atcc|, cscuc'a o|uoa, cat|a, o|so|o|||oao aa c| scv|c|o, |a auoa
|a so||oa|oao aa co otas csoas ouc cot|ouc a| c||a s|co||co oc
o|ccsta, az, cocoo|a, cc|oc|oao u|oao c u uo o cu| oc oos o
s csoas.
S| aa||zaos |a c|ac| ctc c| aco|za,c-scv|c|o |a osoc|a||oao, ccsaoa
sc |as oc|||c|ocs oc |as catco|as sca|aoas, oocos ooscva ouc c|stc ua
|tcc|ac| u cstcc'a.
| |a cc|cc|a oc| aco|za,c-scv|c|o, c| cstuo|atc |os o|tocs oc |os o|-
vcsos occtos |tccao|a cc|ocactc auoa ||s|ca, scv|c|o ||s|co, auoa vc-
oa| (catco|as +, 2 - oc osoc|a||oao).
|a tao|c u oa coat| cc|cc|as utuas (catco|a 3).
|s tao|c |ouoao|c ouc, |||c|tactc, 'a u |tccao|o oc co||ac|
va|o|zac| os|t|va oc| oto (catco|a 6), ucs c| o|to oc| occto, o c| cac-
tc vo|uta|o oc su scv|c|o, c,ccc csccto a| a|uo o a|uos a su cao ua
vcoa||zac| os|t|va a co|oa ouc cstos va ostaoo |oos c |os aco|za,cs, s|c-
c cvuc|ta su c|ac| oc u cooc||cto ocscuo||cto utuo, |o ouc actua,
sooc tooo, a |avo oc |a autocst|a oc |os cstuo|atcs.
|| o|to aou|to vo|uta|o oo cc|cta tao|c u sct|oo oc ut|||oao soc|a|
ouc ucoc occ||c|a c |as ctaas oc ct|o o ,uo||ac|.
|s cscc|a|ctc |otatc csta cot|ouc| oc| aco|za,c-scv|c|o c c| occ-
so oc cstuctuac| oc |a csoa||oao oc| a|uo (autocst|a) ouc ucoc actua
coo |ca v|a a|tcat|va c||caz cuaoo c| s|stca csco|a c|s|co o |o |oa.
Aprendizaje-aervicio y proaocialidad
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/ocs ucoc cost|tu| ua vcoaoca |uctc oc ot|vac| aa c| aco|za,c c
cca|. |s occ|, c| a|uo ocsot|vaoo aa |as tacas csco|acs, a at| oc ua ouc-
a c|ac| csoa||zaoa co c| o|to aou|to, ucoc sct|sc aco|oo cu|ac-
tc |tccsaoo c |a taca ouc, a vcccs, o su cactc |tca| (o ac|a||zaoa), o su
ovcoao tcco||ca o|oaoa o u cscc|a||sta cc|ctaoo, o c| s||||caoo oc
ut|||oao soc|a|, csu|ta sc |uctc cca|so |u|so ot|vaoo aa otas cas oc
|a csco|a|zac|.
Sc|a ocscao|c ouc tato |os o|tocs vo|uta|os coo |os tcc|cos ascsocs o|c-
c|ca ua aat|a aa actua coo ooc|os c |a cou|cac| |tccsoa|, csc-
c|a|ctc ||aoa a |a cscuc'a o|uoa cat|a (catco|as 8). Cuaoo o 'uo|c-
a aat|a oc c||o, sc|a ccocoao|c ouc |a oa|zac| oc| occto ovcca oc
u cuso cv|o oc auto|oac| c cstas act|tuocs 'ao|||oaocs oc cou|cac| oc
ca||oao (|oc'c, +5) aa ouc uo|ca a su vcz vc'|cu|asc a |os cstuo|atcs co|atc
|a v|a oc |a |oct|||cac| co c| ooc|o c| c,cc|c|o utua| oc |as |sas.
/ tavcs oc c||o, |os cstuo|atcs ococ|a sct|sc, ac|as a |os csac|os csoa||-
zatcs oc csta cc|cc|a, aco|oos, cscuc'aoos coco|oos.
|a cc|cc|a ococ|a ooc|oa u sct|oo co,uto oc co||c|oao ctc
c| cstuo|atc o|to cscc|a|ctc, csccto a| oo,ct|vo soc|a| ouc cst ca||-
zaoo, ccsaoo cstc |t|o su sat|s|acc| o csa taca cc|cc|a, c |o ouc
s||||ca oc so||oa|oao aa co |os ccctocs o|cctos oc| scv|c|o cou|ta|o
(catco|a ).
` o |t|o, |os |tcatcs act|vos oc csta cc|cc|a 'ao|a oc cost|tu|sc
c actcs oc osoc|a||oao c tooas |as c|ac|ocs 'uaas oc |a cc|cc|a o-
ov|coo cocoo|a, cc|oc|oao u|oao co |os ocst|ata|os, sa|vauaoaoo
s|cc |a |oct|oao, ccat|v|oao c ||c|at|va oc |as csoas o uos |||caoos (ca-
tco|a +0).
Empata y prosocialidad
|aa ||a||za oo a cos|ocac| oc ustcocs ua ucsta oc| t|o oc act|v|oa-
ocs ouc |os oaas aa |a ot||zac| oc |a osoc|a||oao ococ|a ca||za ouc
cos|ocaos u cccsa|os aa c| ocsao||o oc |a cat|a (va|ao|c |uoacta|
La aolidaridad como aprendizaje
&
c |a osoc|a||oao), |csc|o|o|c c tooas |as c|ac|ocs |tccsoa|cs oc| ac-
o|za,c-scv|c|o.
|c ||aaos v|a acsta aa |a cat|a' cst ccocoaoa aa c| aco|za,c
c |a cscuc|a sccuoa|a.
Sc tata oc |a scs|o|||zac|, ctca|cto a||cac| a |a v|oa ca| oc| saoc pre-
gunror so5re |nrereses o of|c|ones |mporronres oe| |nrer|ocuror.
Saocos ouc ua a||c|, u 'ooo, u ocotc u otos |tccscs csoa|cs cos-
t|tuc u csac|o v|ta| ouc, uc'as vcccs, cs c| |co ouc ocs|cta csoac|as a|cc-
t|vas c||oas, os|t|vas, cu|o|zatcs. |a a'| a|o oc ,uco, |o|co, csotco, ||oc, cca-
t|vo, |c|uso, ou|zs sc tata oc| |co csac|o c oooc |a csoa sc s|ctc as|.
|aa |a csoa ccscta coo u c|co cst|u|aoo, ccaoo oc ||us|, ouc
o uaoa c|ac| c |otac|a oo,ct|va co |o ouc ou|zs csa csoa cst ca||-
zaoo a otos |vc|cs.
|o t|cc coaac| co c||o. ||cct|vactc c| sc oa c|ccta cucta oc ouc otas
act|v|oaocs oc su v|oa so s t||cs, co |oa atc oc su o| o|cs|oa| o |a|-
||a, 'ao|tua|, o tato co ao oco|cac|, t|co, cot|o|ac|oao, ctc.
|| |o saoc occ|oc ouc sca as|, co cscva u csac|o ||co oc co|o sct||c-
to o cstas otas act|v|oaocs.
` cstc csac|o cs o||co, occoc oc c|ooos oc |a v|oa oc caoa csoa. |c-
c u a va|o c|a,atc tcacut|co , o ouc o, oc ccc||cto csoa|.
|a v|a acsta aa |a cat|a sc|a |oa s|to|za co csos csac|os oc| oto.
||cactc o sc tata so|actc oc ua 'ao|||oao, s|o oc ua act|tuo o|uoa.
|a oc su| oc ua ot|vac| |uctc a |a osoc|a||oao. |a ouc |vct| u c|cto
t|co, csoa||zaoo |a c|ac|. ` |c,os oc aoota|a o ua v|a |tccsaoa, a|-
u|at|va coo ua tcc|ca aa ootcc a|o oc| oto, ococ cos|st| c u o|s|utc
co,uto oc csc |tccs oc| oto.
|| ||c|aoo oc |a c|ac|, ua vcz cv|sto ouc c| |tc|ocuto cst acccs|o|c, o|so-
|o|c, ouc sca ootuo c aouc||os octos, cuta co oc||caocza o sus
a||c|ocs c c| t|co ||oc.
|o ouc csa a||c|: Cuoo ccz: Cu|cs |uco |os atcccoctcs: uc tc aota
a'oa: uc csts aotaoo t a csc uoo: uc cscas coscu| o aota:'
Aprendizaje-aervicio y proaocialidad
'
` ocsucs coocc octa||cs, |oaa sooc ascctos c|t|cos.
|o suucsto, cstc t|o oc act|v|oao ouc c ua c|asc sc ucoc c,cc|ta, co|atc
c'e-'o,, s|u|ac|, ctc. cou|cc a|uas 'ao|||oaocs aa sc vc'|cu||zaoa.
|stc cs|uczo ||c|a| c c| ocsco oc s|to|za co c| oto su tca cs u ooo
u coccto oc osta ucsta cst|a o c|. ` cuato s autct|co cs, s, aa-
o,|cactc, s| csca|o vuc|vc a| auto c |oa oc ua cc|cc|a o|uoa oc
c|ac| |tccsoa|, aocs oc c|ouccc ucsto uoo s|ou|co oc |cccta
ucstos cooc||ctos.
La aolidaridad como aprendizaje

EI servicio conunitario de Ios jvenes: panorana internacionaI


L||zo5eth Hcco|ess, u|rectcro Lecut|vo, Ccmmun|t, Serv|ce \c|cnteers, e|nc Un|oc
El servicio ciudadano
|uo|a|ctc, sc cst o||uo|coo |a |oca oc ouc |os ,vccs t|cc a|o ouc oa a
sus cou|oaocs.
cc|a
|ucza
octc|ac|
ao
/|o ouc cccs|taos aa.
aucta |os |vc|cs oc a||aoct|so
cu|oa a |os ac|aos c |cso
|ata oo|cs cvc| |a o|uc|
|stc scv|c|o cs atc oc u |to oc asa,c' oc |a ,uvctuo a |a aou|tcz.
|o cs ua |oca ucva. ||st|a c |as c|uoaocs-cstaoo |cas. |a |co||ca |oaa
couc|a a |os c|uoaoaos csta u|oos o |os occc'os |ca|cs |as caas oo||ato-
|as. | +06, \||||a acs u|a c |staoos ||oos oc |otcac|ca.
| scv|c|o c|v|| ouc suo||c |os |st|tos ac|a|cs csctcs c |os ,vccs.' ||
cou|va|ctc oa| oc |a uca.'
Scscta aos ocsucs, c| cs|octc cstaoou|ocsc o' |. |cco u|a a |os ,-
vccs otcac|caos. |o cutcs |o ouc tu a|s ucoc 'acc o t|, s|o |o ouc
t ucocs 'acc o tu a|s.'
| csa |sa coca, o cstaoa taoa,aoo co u oaa oc| scv|c|o c|v|| |sac||,
cscaoo 'coco a |os c|u|aoos cc|c ||caoos.
| aos cc|ctcs, c |uoa occ|octa| o|cta|, c /usta||a, 3as||, |sac| |sta-
oos ||oos, oooc |os oo|cos 'a couc|oo o au|aoo |a cosc|c|, c| scv|c|o
c |as |uczas /aoas cst s|coo ctco|oo o cc|azaoo o scv|c|o.
c aoucs oosoucs ac|oa|cs
a csoas o|scaac|taoas
a |os c |cso
c oa|sos uocacta|cs oc scv|c|o soc|a| oc scu|oao
Aprendizaje-aervicio y proaocialidad

|os oaas oc cstc t|o oc scv|c|o so cca|ctc oc t|co co|cto, oc


3 a 2- cscs oc ouac|, suc|c ovccsc u cst|co|o aa ouc |os s oocs
o oucoc cc|u|oos.
|as |vcst|ac|ocs 'cc'as c |staoos ||oos c| |c|o ||oo ocucsta ouc |a
cou|oao sc occ||c|a oc cstos scv|c|os c ua ooc| oc 3 a +, cs occ| ouc
|a cou|oao cc|oc occ||c|os o tcs o|acs o caoa o|a |vct|oo c scv|c|o
,uvc||.
|sta cs ua aca oc atcoc cccs|oaocs |sat|s|cc'as o tacas ouc o oo|a
'accsc a cc|os oc ccaoo.
cot|ou| a |a c|scc| oc c|u|aoos c |sac|
|||a |as o|||as oc |os cota|aoos c 3as||
aucta |os |vc|cs oc |cctua c |oocs
|stc occso caa a |os ,vccs aa |a v|oa aou|ta aa sc c|caoos, c-
oucc |a c||a||oao oouc sc |vcst|oo oc csosao|||oao cs c| cca|so s
c|cct|vo oc cvcc| oa oo,ct|vos ot|vac|ocs, cs c|t|co c cotaataca
|as ao|cc|ocs.
|| scv|c|o cs uc'o s ouc u caaoo oc |o|v|ouos oaaoos'.
/uoa a costu| cscct|vas soc|a|cs ouc cstao|ccc |uoactos aa tooa |a v|oa.
|a |vcst|ac| otcac|caa ocost ouc tooas |as |a|||as ouc 'oscoao
c|u|aoos ouatc |a Scuoa Cuca |uo|a| 'ao|a cstaoo |vo|ucaoas c a|
t|o oc scv|c|o cuaoo aoo|cscctcs.
S| ouccos costu| cou|oaocs acocooas ococos |vo|uca a |os ,vccs.
| octuoc oc +8, c| |c|o ||oo |aza c| |a oc |os \o|uta|os oc| |||c-
|o', oasaoo c c| oaa ||oto oc Scv|c|o c|uoaoao' ocsao||aoo o c| Co-
u|t Scv|cc \o|otccs ouatc +6. |os ,vccs sc cooctc a| scv|c|o oc
sus cou|oaocs o t|cos oc 'asta u ao. |o sc cc'aza a | vo|uta|o
tooos cc|o| u cct|||caoo oc scv|c|os.
|o ouc c ||cva a |a |oucac| c|uoaoaa.
Co ococ|aos caa a |os |os aa sc c|uoaoaos act|vos c c| |utuo:
Sc cou|cc ua coucac| |a|||caoa cu|cu|actc oc| |so ooo ouc |a|||-
caos su aco|za,c c atct|ca o ||s|ca.
La aolidaridad como aprendizaje

|csoc +0, c| Cc.t, e..e \c'ctees 'a cstaoo auoaoo a |os oocctcs a
ocsao||a oaas c c| au|a tao|c c.
'os|ta|cs
as||os oc ac|aos
aoucs |azas
uos oc c|u|aoos
ooucc| oc c|o|cos cou|ta|os
ooo tca oc| cu|cu|u ucoc sc c|oucc|oo o c| scv|c|o.
| c| o|sco |a costucc| oc |uacs oc ,uco sc act|ca atct|ca
tcco|o|a.
|a v|s|ta oc ac|aos cs ua a aca oc acoc sooc |a '|sto|a oc| s||o .
|a |vcst|ac| oc oo|cas, cco|coo '|sto|as, csc|o|coo|as uo||coo|as,
ocsao||a |oactc 'ao|||oaocs oc |cua.
| |staoos ||oos, |as cscuc|as oc |as o|||as oc| ||ss|ss|| c,oao c| aco|za-
,c oc c|cc|as atua|cs.
o|tocaoo |a o|uc|
octcctaoo |as tascs|ocs
a|ctaoo a |os a,cos oc |as o|||as aa ouc otc|ca sus coscc'as oc |as auas
cota|aoas
||actc, c| Scccta|o oc |oucac| o|t|co, |av|o 3|u'ctt, cstao|ccc u
|a aa ouc tooos |os a|uos ctc 5 +8 aos usc u 5 oc su t|co csco|a
c acoc sooc su c|uoaoa|a act|ca|a. |as cscuc|as cstao|ccc co sc ocsa-
o||a csto.
|os a|uos aocs oo actua coo tutocs oc |os s c'|cos.
Sc oo oa|za c| cc|c|aoo oc |st|cos, |atas o ac|.
Sc oo oa|za caaas oc otccc| oc |os oo|cs o |o ouc |os a|uos
ooa.
|stc occso cs c|t|co.
|os oocctcs cccs|ta acoc ouc |os cstuo|atcs ucoc 'acc |a cc|cc|a
oc |os occsos ococt|cos oc ouc ooo.
|os cstuo|atcs ucoc vota oc ouc aca oa|za c| t|co oc cstuo|o |os
cccos co o o oc,a oc cstuo|a.
Aprendizaje-aervicio y proaocialidad
!
ao|c cccs|ta coctcc|as aa ocsao||a u aco|za,c cc|cc|a|, 'a-
c|coo cosas |uca oc |as au|as, o s|o ctc cuato acocs.
|a cou|oao |sa tco ouc ccota ooos oc |vo|uca a |os ,vccs c
tacas ca|cs s||||cat|vas, o c|ao|caoas.
Cco ouc tooo csto ucoc ococ sc 'cc'o s| ouccos ascua c| |utuo oc
ucsta ococac|a oc ua ac|. | tooo c| uoo otao|cctc c |us|a cs-
taos s|coo tcst|os oc soc|coaocs ouc sc atc c oos, ctc |os ouc saoc co
'acc ouc |a soc|coao |uc|oc |os ouc o |o saoc, su|c coo csu|taoo.
Cco c |a |ua|oao oc ootu|oaocs ou|co ouc caoa ,ovc ucoa coat| c|
cooc||cto |a cc|cc|a oc co o|oa auoa co ootcc|a, co cscu-
c'a co |oa sc cscuc'aoo.
||a|ctc, cco ouc cstc t|o oc coucac| aa |a c|uoaoa|a cs c|t|co aa c|
|utuo oc ucstas ococac|as. |os oucos c|uoaoaos cccs|ta sc ocsao||aoos
ctcaoos. o suc o ccac| csotca, as| coo o suc oouc s| |os
aooaoos o |os ||s|cos. `, aocs, cs u o|vct|oo'

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