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MEDICINAL PLANTS BOARD
e_ HERBARIUM VOLUME-1
DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT A small spreading perennial herb grows up to 50 cm in height. Leaves compound, imparipinnate, with 11-21 leaflets, oblong-lanceolate, small; flowers red or purple, in axillary racemes. Fruits pods, containing 4-8 seeds. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, vata, poison, skin diseases, purities, jaundice, splenomegaly, filariasis, dysmenorrheal, anemia, fever, boils, pimple, and hemorrhoids. :Meghapati : Tephrosia purpurea (Linn.) Pers. : Fabaceae : Sarapunkha, Bana, Banapunkha, Pleehasatru : Purple tephrosia, Wild indigo : Saraphonka : Whole plant
DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part
:Ramsar : Eriocaulon sp. Linn. : Eriocaulaceae : Choota, Chootatrina : Broom plant : Chootatrina : Whole plant.
HABIT An annual herb grows up to 30 cm in height. Leaves long linear lanceolate, arises from compressed basal stem. Flowers in small whitish head, at the tip of long flower stalk.
Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, inflammation, fever, pretties, jaundice and urinary system diseases. Long flower stalks in bundle is using as broom to clean sacred places, in India.
from 30 cm to 1 m in length. leaves are reduced to minute scales and spines. vata. seeds with hard and brittle testa. Fruits are globular. burning sensation. diarrhea. smooth and tapering at both ends. Curved cladodes replaces the leaves. Sahasravirya. pulpy berries. Abhiru. Roots are succulent and tuberous. climbing under shrub with woody stems. Flowers are white fragrant. or vaguely 3 lobbed. Young stems are very delicate. in simple or branched racemes. Satamuli : Root A thorny. : Wild asparagus : Satavar. : Liliaceae : Satavari. excessive perspiration . brittle and smooth. purplish black when ripe. stomach ache. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT : Satavari : Asparagus recemosus Wild. inflammation. leukorrhoea.
hemorrhoids. solitary. flowers yellowish white. Mahasamanga : Common sida : Bariyar. Janglimedhi A semi woody.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi HABIT :Bala : Sida retusa (Linn. . cough. axillary. colic. burning sensation. arthritis. Leaves short petioled. asthma. intermittent fever and general debility.) Borssum : Malvaceae : Bala. Fruits enclosed in persistent calyx. Vadyala. seeds brown and smooth. obovate. truncate often retuse and serrate. flatulence. erect under shrub grows up to 50 cm in height. Kharayashti. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated tridoshas.
Leaves simple. wounds. opposite. .DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Pilavasa : Barleria prionitis Linn. Kurantaka. (Yellow variety) : Acanthaceae : Vajradanti. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. with woody beak. Thorns arise near to leaf axils. solitary and axillary. Flowers bright yellow or orange in color.5 meters in height. burns. Fruits ovate. nocturnal ejaculation and cracking heel. pitta. stomatitis. ovate-lanceolate and shiny. dental caries. Koranta : Crossandra : Kanakambar : Leaves. edema. An erect armed perennial shrub grows up to 1. gingivitis. inflammations ascites.
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. constipation. one seeded berries. alternate. Varshabhoo : Slate pencil plant. : Toyakandha : Whole plant. fruits globose. acuminate. and pubescent. kidney diseases. pitta. emaciation. cordate-ovate. Leaves simple.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Toyakanda : Peperomia pellucida Linn. : Piperaceae : Toyakandha. An annual herbaceous succulent plant grows up to 30 cm in height. urinary tract infections. disuria. usually dioecious. edema and general weakness. . Flowers very small. urinary retention. seen in short spikes.
Dahana : Leadwort. skin diseases. hemorrhoids. inflammation. Chita : Roots A pretty perennial shrub with semi woody stems and numerous branches. . diarrhea. : Plumbago zeylanica Linn. White leadwort. nervous palsy. Roots are cylindrical irregularly bent having transverse shallow fissures at bents. kapha. Leaves simple alternate. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. Fire plant : Chitra. flower white in long terminal spikes. Agni. oblong-lancelet and acute.DESCRIPTION Local Name Filename Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Chitrak : Plumbago_zeylanica. : Plumbaginaceae : Chitraka. fever. irritable bowel disease. ammenorrhoea and anemia.
3-4.Don. flowers are small. oligospermia.DESCRIPTION Local Name :Jevak Botanical name : Malaxis acuminata D. Leaves simple. contain minute powdery seeds. yellowish green. burning sensation. Fruits 6 chambered. Family : Orchidaceae Sanskrit : Jeevakam. acute. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. in terminal racemes. Jeevaka English : Jeevak Hindi : Jivak Useful part : Stem base. tinged with purple. ovate or lanceolate. vata. emaciation . HABIT A small terrestrial orchid grows up to 30 cm in height. alternate.
. Unmatta. arthritis. Durdhura : Thorn apple : Dattura : Whole plant An erect spreading annual or biennial plant grows up to 1.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Dhatura : Datura metel Linn. Flowers large. ulcer. kapha. solitary. Leaves simple. lumbago. cough. Dusthara. Fruits globose capsules covered with numerous prickles. purplish white colored. fever. containing numerous yellowish brown seeds. asthma. muscle spasm.5 meters in height. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. skin diseases. triangular and unequal at base. alternate. sciatica. : Solanaceae : Dhattura.
Plant is pubescent. rakta. obovatelanceolate. Cats hair. : Euphorbiaceae : Dugdhika. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. compressed and small. with minute glands. skin diseases. Svaduparni : Asthma weed. Plant blossoms almost all time. cough. Ksheeravi. Small annual herb found in wet areas. and anorexia. : Lal dudhi : Whole plant. Seeds are capsules. asthma. pitta. . fever. Pill – bearing spurge. Kshirini. Inflorescences seen in leaf axils. It has aphrodisiac property. small petioled.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Dudhi : Euphorbia hirta Linn.
Leaves numerous. constipation. seen underneath the branches and having 3 seeds. ulcers and wounds . MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta and kapha. anorexia. Bhoodhatri. globes. Jaramla : whole plant An annual herb with slender leaf-bearing branches. fruits small. & Thonn : Euphorbiaceae : Tamalaki. flowers yellowish green. axillary's. males in groups of 1-3. jaundice. elliptic. urinary retention. Bahupatra. subsessile. females solitary. Bhoomyamalaki. intermittent fevers.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Bhuiaounla : Phyllanthus amarus Schum. : Phyllanthus amarus Schum : Jangli amli.
Aparajita. elliptic-oblong. obtuse. : Blue Clitoria flower : Aparajit : Root. skin diseases. Seeds 6-10 smooth yellowish brown. leaves. seeds . flowers blue. asthma. fruits nearly straight flattened pods. sub curvaceous. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. tuberculosis :Aparajita : Clitoria ternatea Linn (Blue variety) : Fabaceae : Sankapushpam. solitary. imparipinnate. leaflets 5 – 7. bronchitis. migraine. Leaves compound. axillary's or in fascicles.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT A good looking perennial herb thinner. Girikarnika.
oblongovoid. Prickly poppy : Pharangi dattura. : Papaveraceae : Haimavathi. Patuparnee. sessile and spiny. all types of poisoning. colic. constipation. plant . Flowers large. Brahmadanthi. MEDICINAL Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. seeds numerous. bright yellow. fruits prickly capsules. inflammations. Peethadugdha : Mexican poppy. malarial fever and vesicular calculus. Bhatbhamt : Whole plant English Hindi Useful part HABIT A strong branched prickly annual. terminal on the short leafy branches. itching. flatulence. 60-90 cm in height with yellow latex. leaves simple. skin diseases. opening by 4-6 valves. guinea-worm infestation. In higher dose.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit :Satyanasi : Argemone mexicana Linn.
chlorogenic acid. Due to its rapid invasive nature. Flowers small whitish heads in terminal or axillary panicles. causing allergic asthma.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT A rapidly spreading herb grows up to 50 cm in height. Svasini : Parthenium : Parthenium : Roots. parahydroxy benzoic acid and p-anisic acid are lethal to humans and animals. instead it is a poisonous plant. . it suppresses the growth of other plants. Fruits bearing large number of seeds. It is also toxic for cattle’s. PROPERTIES Plant has no known medicinal properties. anisic acid. :Gajar ghash : Parthenium hysterophorus Linn. hay fever and dermatitis. The major component of these toxins being parthenin and other phenolic acids such as caffeic acid. : Asteraceae : Vishalata. vanillic acid. Leaves deeply lobed and alternate. crowned with small tuft of silky hairs. Parthenia. is a potent threat for native medicinal plants.
fruits small. vata. : Asteraceae : Vishamusht : Goat weed. heads. kidney stones. dyspepsia. wounds and ulcers and in conjunctivitis. . hairy on both sides. flowers pale violet in color.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part :Sahadevi : Ageratum conyzoides Linn. opposite and sometime alternate. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. Leaves simple. hemorrhoids. anorexia. : Visadodi : Whole plant. black and attenuated and 5 angled. cuts. HABIT A thoughout hairy annual weed grows up to 1 meter in height.
cardio myopathy. Cleome. Sticky cleome : Hulhul. flowers yellow in lax racemes from the leaf axils. colic. diarrhea. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. . intestinal worms. Leaves compound. fever and dyspepsia. 3-5 foliate.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Hul Hul : Cleome viscosa Linn. An annual herbaceous plant with sticky pods. palmate. hairy and covered with sticky material. : Capparaceae : Pasugandha : Wild mustard. Fruits capsules. Hurhur : Whole plant. Seeds kidney shaped and turns dark on ripe. stomach upset.
diarrhea. vata. obtuse. Sanaghantika. : Fabaceae :Sanapushpi. Seeds powdered and with milk is useful for increasing body strength. Kinihi : Crotalaria : Khunkhuniyan : Whole plant. with 10-15 seeds per pods. numerous. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part :Khunkuniyan : Crotalaria retusa Linn. cardiac disorders. scabies and impetigo. Fruits are stalked pods. Flowers yellow. also useful in skin disease. HABIT An erect undershrub grows up to 125 cm in height. found in erect terminal recemes. fever. with numerous branches. Leaves are oblong-lanceolate. stomatitis. dyspepsia. . cough. usually glabrous above and silky pubescent beneath.
inflammation. Fruits globose. Looking like sivalinga. unisexual. male in small fascicles and females solitary. pitta. branched tendril climber. pale and smooth beneath. smooth berry. skin diseases and general debility. hairy above. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. Sivapriya : Diplocyclos palmatus : Sivalingi. alternate. HABIT A weak stemmed.) Jeffrey : Cucurbitaceae :Lingini. Isvarlingi : Whole plant. become bright red when ripe. small. cough.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part :Shivlingi : Diplocyclos palmatus (Linn. contain 1-2 small seeds. 5 lobed. flatulence. Lingaphala. . flowers yellow. Leaves simple.
kapha. Simhi : Poison berry : Barhanta : Root. dysmenorrhea. ovate. contain large number of small smooth compressed seeds. cough. Fruit. flowers pale blue or white. : Solanaceae : Brihati. prickly on both surfaces. Fruits globose berries. in axillary cyme. flatulence and constipation. urinary retention. skin diseases. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. asthma.5 meters in height. lobed.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Barhanta : Solanum indicum. . A prickly shrub grows up to 1. greenish yellow. fever. colic. Leaves simple.
:Tankari : Physalis minima Linn. solitary and axillary. hepatitis. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. lobbed or toothed and ovate. ascites.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT An annual herb grows up to 75 cm in height. Cheerapotha : Country gooseberry : Chirpoti. Leaves simple. seeds many. : Solanaceae : Mrdukunjika. Bandpariya : Whole plant. sexual weakness and cough. fruits green. flowers yellow. burning sensation. splenomegaly. small and discoid. round berries enclosed in enlarged calyx. Upakunjika. . alternate. ulcer.
fruits purplish black. seeds many. branched. inflammation and skin diseases. arthritis. asthma. lobed. :Makoi : Solanum nigrum Linn.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT An erect. leaves oblong. Gurkkamai : Whole plant . flowers 3-8 in extra-axillary drooping cymes. : Solanaceae : Kakamachi : Black night shade : Makoi. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated thridosas. cough. swellings. glabrous. annual herb. plant is a proven anti cancerous drug.
contains numerous small seeds. Fruits are small round pods. fever. ovate or rhomboid and serrate. : Scrophulariaceae : ashanabheda. Leaves simple. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. inflammation.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT An errect annual herb grows up to 30 cm in height. Flowers axillary. ulcer. pitta. diarrhea. renal and vesical calculus. skin diseases. Asmaghni : Scoparia dulcis : Pashanabheda : Whole plant. :Barhanta : Scoparia dulcis Linn. dysmenorrhea and leucorrhea. solitary. opposite or a whorl of three. . wounds. dull white and small.
: Malvaceae : Kabi. Seeds are blackish brown. Plant covered with minute hairs. Leukorrhoea and Menorrhagia. Kakahi. Leaves are alternate. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies tridoshas. . : Country mallow : Leaves. vomiting. arranged spirally. with 5 petals. Root. containing seeds. Fruits contain 15-20 chambers. poison. solitary found in leaf axils. Fruits Medium sized many branched perennial shrub grows up to 2 meters in height. Chambi : Atibala. Flowers are yellowish. especially vata. cordate and acute.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Hindi Sanskrit English Useful part HABIT :Kanghi : Abutilon indicum Sw. Leaves vary in size. hyperdipsia. and pitta.
) : Convolvulaceae : Akasavalli. skin diseases. PLANT DESCRIPTION A slender threadlike parasitic plant growing in shrubs or trees. edema. Fruits capsules. diarrhea. vata. fever malignancy and paralysis.PROPERTIES Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part :Amarbel : Cuscuta reflexa Roxb (Cassytha filiformis Linn. headache. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. Khavalli. Plant does not have leaves. Branches are greenish or yellowish green. Plant may cause neurogenic illness if taken in excess dose or prolonged period . they spread rapidly and ultimately kill the plant or that branch. with 2-4 black seeds. Amaravalli. intestinal worms. : Dodder : Amarabela : Shoot. When the branched contact with a host tree. Flowes solitary or in clusters of 3-4. depressed globose.
seeds minute. bronchitis and hepatitis. with erect spreading slender stems. giddiness. :Davana Patta : Hedyotis corymbosa (Linn. pale brown. flatulence. with long peduncle.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT Much spreading annual grows up to 40 cm in height. fever. globose or pyriform. opposite. skin diseases. subsessile. jaundice. angular. depression. Parpataka : Hedyotis corymbosa : Daman pappar. Pitpapra : Whole plant.) : Rubiaceae : Parpata. Flowers white in pairs or in clusters of three. colic. fruits are capsules. constipation. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. narrow with recurved margins. Leaves simple. . cough.
hepatitis and burning sensation. dysentery.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Changeri : Oxalis corniculata Linn. amenorrhoea. axillary fruits are cylindrical capsules. Amlapatri : Indian sorrel : Tinapatiya. dysmenorrhoea. Amrulsak : Whole plant. long stalked. Plant is an semi erect creeping acid herb. seeds numerous. An annual herb found in moist locations. Leaves palmately compound. flowers yellow. trifoliate. . hemorrhoids. dyspepsia. grows up to 20 cm in height. : Oxalidaceae : Changeri. diarrhea. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vata. kapha.
numerous. : Lythraceae : Dhataki. diabetes. anemia. flowers bright red. skin diseases.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT A much branched deciduous shrub grows up to 3 meters in height. menorrhagia. Dhatupushti. in axillary cyme clusters. : Fire flame bush. containing numerous small obovoid smooth seeds. hemorrhage. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. fruits ellipsoid capsule. leucorrhea. dysentery.) Kurz. pitta. diarrhea. Leaves simple. entire. burning sensation. :Davi : Woodfordia fruticosa (Linn. Agnijvala. acute. ulcers. Woodfordia : Davi. opposite. It is used to give natural color to ayurvedic preparations. oligospermia. ovate-lanceolate. Tavi : Flowers . urinary tract infections and jaundice.
. oligospermia and urinary system diseases. anemia. burning sensation. alternate. Leaves simple. gout. Tinospora : Giloy.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Giloy : Tinospora cordifolia (Wild. glabrous. cardiac debility. Amrta : Stem A spreading perennial deciduous twinner with succulent stems and easily pealing off papery bark. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata.) : Menispermaceae :Guduchi. Gulancha. pitta. Male flowers usually are in clusters and female solitary. Amrita. Mucilaginous greenish crust is covered with grey colored coat studded with tubercles. Fruits are drupes. rheumatoid arthritis. Flowers yellow in recemes. with 7-9 nerves. Chinnaruha : Gulancha tinospora. arising from nodes on the old wood. entire. cordate. cough. red when ripe. skin disease. jaundice.
Kaliyari. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. subsessile. it is highly poisonous . Agnishikha : Climbing lily. cardio-myopathy. Malabar glory lily : Kalihari. Sakrapuspika. extended to tendrils. fever. Flowers handsome. skin diseases. Fruits oblong capsules. with many small round seeds. Languli : Rhizome. Leaves simple. obstructed labor. alternate. first yellow colored then changes to scarlet red. perennial tendril climber with underground white cylindrical rhyzome. arthritis. indigestion. with acuminate tips. solitary. lanceolate.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Kalihari : Gloriossa superba Linn. A soft. in higher dose or without purification. : Liliaceae : Langali.
Seeds are oblong and single. . It has constipating property. The ascending branch ends in inflorescence. kapha. Markatapippali : Small prickly chaff – flower plant : Lal Chirchira : Roots and seeds An annual herb usually found in moist Localities. Flowers reddish violet in terminal spikes. Fruit ovoid membranous utricles enclosed in the perinath. Mayoora. Sikhari. diseases of urinary system and uterine disorders. exstipulate and short petioled. opposite. Leaves are simple.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Lal Chirchira : Cyathula prostrata Blume. Stems and branches are greenish red. : Amaranthaceae :Rakthapamarga. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata.
sexual weakness. Flowers ray. alternate. stalked. indigestion. nervous weakness. paralysis. and acuminate. dental pain.DESCRIPTION Local Name :Akarkara Botanical name : Anacyclus pyrethrum DC. impotency and erectile . diarrhea. headache. Leaves simple. Family : Asteraceae Sanskrit : Agragrahi. Fresh root when tasted produces pungent sensation and induces salivation. epilepsy. white colored with purple color beneath. tonsillitis. Akarakarabha English : Pellitory Hindi : Akarakara Useful part : Roots HABIT A perennial plant with numerous branches. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata.
leaflets opposite. the terminal pair is the largest. 6-12 pairs. fruits ellipsoid capsules MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. : Oxalidaceae :Viparita lajjalu. asthma and stomachalgia. wounds. Peethapushpa : Biophytum : Lajjalu. pitta. flowers yellow with many peduncles. leaves abruptly pinnate.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Lajalu : Biophytum sensitivum Linn. urinary calculi. abscesses. Lakshmana : The whole plant A slender erect annual. Jhulapushpa. .
indehiscent with thin pericarp MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. rounded or subcordate at base. vesical stone. cardiac disorders. pitta. constipation. Sant : Whole plant A perennial diffuse herb with stout root stock and many branches.DESCRIPTION Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT : Boerhaavia diffusa Linn : Nyctaginaceae : Punarnava. fever. Flowers pale rose in color. acute or obtuse. Pigweed : Gadahpurna. Leaves are simple opposite in unequal pairs. whitish beneath. Leaves are ovate-oblong. lumbar pain. Fruits highly viscid. glabrous above. Sophaghni : Hogweed. in irregular clusters of terminal panicles. urinary infection. leucorrhoea. skin diseases. myalgia. . easily detachable. one seeded. and general debility. constipation. dyspepsia. anemia.
: Solanaceae : Dhattura. Dusthara.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRITT English Hindi Useful part HABIT An erect spreading annual or biennial plant grows up to 2 meters in height. kapha. solitary and white. ulcer. asthma. arthritis. containing numerous yellowish brown seeds. Flowers large. : Dhatura : Datura stramonium Linn. sciatica and dandruff. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. : White Thorn apple : Dattura : Whole plant . alternate. fever. cough. Unmatta. lumbago. muscle spasm. Fruits globose capsules covered with numerous prickles. skin diseases. triangular and unequal at base. Leaves simple.
then change to yellow. elliptic. Gandharaja : White emetic nut : Dekamari : Resin. Hingunadika. Fruits large berries with hard endocarp. . skin disease :Dikamali : Gardenia gummifera Linn. Leaves simple. The resin exudate from the stem is used as medicine. compressed and shining.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRITT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A large shrub or small tree grows up to 7 meters in height. found in leaf axils. : Verbenaceae : Nadeehingu. oblong. kapha. shining with prominent nerves. opposite. flowers white.f. Seeds many. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. Jantuka.
DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT : Circita : Achyranthes aspera Linn. leaves simple. renal and vesical calculi. : Amaranthaceae :Apamargah : Prickly chaff-flower plant : Circita : The whole plant A shrub that grows up to one meter height. flatulence. in spikes. . painful inflammations. bronchitis. fruits oblong urticle. inverse. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. greenish. opposite. vomiting. kapha. asthma. flowers bracteate and bracteolate. obovate or elliptic. seeds single. skin diseases.
spikelets in compound umbels. diarrhea. Tiger nut : Chichoda : Root tuber. intermittent fever. burning sensation. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. Leaves crowded in the base. one nerved.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT An erect perennial grass grows up to 60 cm of height. : Chichoda : Cyperus esculentus Linn. pitta. linear. . about 40-60 cm long. headache. flat. anorexia. general debility and urinary retention. indigestion. triangular.Nagaramustaka : Chufa. : Cyperaceae :Bhadramusta. Nut grayish black colored. acuminate. Flowers boat shaped.
Rhomboid-lanceolate. serrated at apical half with minute spiny projections at the nodes. erect undershrub grows up to 1 meter in height. asthma. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. axillary in slender peduncles. arthritis.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT : Bariyara : Sida spinosa Linn. Fruits 5-6 chambared. intermittent fever and general debility. Leaves. Whole plant A semi woody. Plant has aphrodisiac property . pain. Gulasakari : Root. burning sensation. solitary. pitta. flowers yellowish white. seeds brown and smooth. : Malvaceae : Mahabala : Prickly sida : Bariyara. with one seed in each chamber. hemorrhoids. bronchitis.
kapha. ulcer.Sankochani : Sensitive plant. Samanga. Lajjavanti : Whole plant. : Mimosaceae : Lajjalu. pinnate 2-4 digitally arranged with 20-30 pairs of leaflets. jaundice. Leaves bipinnately compound. Raktapadi. hemorrhoids. oedema. leaves are touch sensitive. Humble plant : Lajvanti. bronchial asthma.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Lajjavanti : Mimosa pudica Linn. allergy. flat. fruits bristly pods. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. Flowers pink in round heads. consisting 3-5 one seeded segments. . Kharatvak. arthritis and fever. menorrhagia. Namaskari. A diffuse undershrub grows up to 60 cm in height.
Tiktaka : Chiretta plant : Kiryat : Whole plant An annual herb grows up to 50 cm in height. sub sessile. . cough and bronchitis. Bhoonimba. Kandatikta.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Kairayant : Andrographis paniculata (Burm. fruits minute pointed capsules.f. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies tridoshas. Plant stimulates liver and purifies vitiated blood. burning sensation. ex Nees : Acanthaseae : Kiratatikta. skin diseases. having slender quadrangular branches. seeds are many. numerous. whitish. leaves opposite. flowers small bluish white.) Wall. lanceolate.
fruits flat dehiscent pods. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. worms. hemorrhoids. diarrhea.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Kachnar : Bauhinia recimosa Linn. inflammations. containing 5-10 seeds. axillary recemes. skin diseases. flowers white. diabetes. Root. : Caesalpiniaceae : Svetakanchanara. Leaves compound with 2 leaflets. and cervical lymphadinopathy . Flowers. tumors. connate for about two third up. A large shrub or small deciduous tree grows up to 5 meters in height. rectal prolapse. Karbudara : White bauhinia : Kanchanar : Bark.
A perennial grows up to 1 meter in height. fever. oblong-lanceolate. Leaves simple. : Zingiberaceae :Chanda. Plant possesses anti-cancerous activity. pitta. constipation. flowers white large found in terminal spikes. and bronchitis. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. Kevu : Costus speciosus (Koenig ex Retz. Kevu : Rhizome. fruits globose capsule containing obovoid seeds. .Smith. Kevuka. Dalasalini : Costus speciosus : Kebu. intestinal worms.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Kebu. spirally arranged. Pechuli. burning sensation.E.) j. skin diseases.
tumors. diabetes. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Kanchanar : Bauhinia variegata Linn. menorrhagia hemoptysis and cervical lymphadinopathy. . diarrhea. connate for about two third up. fruits flat dehiscent pods. (Bauhinia purpuria Linn. Root. hemorrhoids. skin diseases. flowers white. Leaves compound with 2 leaflets. axillary recemes. containing 5-10 seeds. Flowers.) : Caesalpiniaceae :Raktakanchanara. A large moderate sized deciduous tree grows up to 10 meters in height. Kovidara : Red bauhinia : Kanchanar : Bark. inflammations. rectal prolapse. worms.
Kovidara English : Prickly Sow-Thistle. It is a common weed throughout India and most frequently occurs on roadsides. Seeds. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant extract is applied to fresh injuries. which have weak marginal prickles. clasp the stem. . however it rarely causes significant problems.Didhi Useful part : Whole plant. growing 1–5 ft tall. Plants contain a bitter milky juice. It often appears in pastures and crops. Spiny sowthistle.DESCRIPTION Local Name :Didhi Botanical name : Sonchus asper Family : Asteraceae (Sunflower family) Sanskrit :Raktakanchanara. Herb is used as an emollient. up to 1 in broad. while its leaves. Hindi :Khomthokpi. Flowers are golden-yellow. Its stems branch near the top. as it is readily grazed in pasture and out-competed by most crops. Seeds lying on the ground may also be transported in moving water. Plants are pounded and applied to wounds and boils. Seeds showing parachute of hairs The Prickly Sow-Thistle is spread entirely by seed. HABIT Prickly Sow-Thistle is a creeping rooted annual.
The fruits are edible MEDICINAL PROPERTIES : root mixed with dried fruit of Brucea javanica are given in dysentery. It is clothed with prickles and reddish hairs. growing up to 2 m tall. The plant has underground shoots that contribute to its spread and allow it to rapidly regenerate following a fire. The alternate leaves are compound with three round to blunt leaflets 5-10 cm long. The flowers are small.DESCRIPTION Local Name :Hinsal Botanical name : Rubus ellipticus Family : Rosaceae Sanskrit :Hinsal English : Yellow Himalayan Raspberry Hindi : Lalanchu. The undersides of the leaves are lighter than the upper surface and covered with downy hairs. The fruit is a round yellow cluster of druplets easily detaching from the receptacle. Hinsal Useful part : root. . fruit HABIT Yellow Himalayan Raspberry is a shrub. The prickly shrub invades native forests principally in pig-disturbed habitats. white with five petals.
shrub which behaves like a strong woody climber. Botanical name : Caesalpinia bonduc Family : Caesalpiniaceae (Gulmohar family) Sanskrit : Latakaranjah. . Seeds yield a fatty oil used as a cosmetic and for discharges from the ear. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Fruits are tonic and antipyretic. Flowers. straggling. double compound. turning grey. Flowers are yellow. covered with wiry prickles. hard. oblong or globular. HABIT: Yellow Nicker is a large. and each with 3-8 pairs of leaflets with 1-2 small recurved prickles between them on the underside.They are used for jewellery. Useful part : Bark. Leaves are large. taking support of trees. The branches are armed with hooks and straight hard yellow prickles. Fruits are inflated pods. Root. The hard and shiny seeds are green. with 7 pairs of pinnae. thorny. Seeds are 1-2 per pod. grey with a smooth shiny surface. Leaves and bark are febrifuge.DESCRIPTION Local Name :Kantkarej. in dense long-stalked racemes at the top. Hindi : Kantkarej.
DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A semi woody, erect annual or perennial undershrub grows up to 1 meter in height. Leaves are variable, Rhomboid-lanceolate, serrated at apical half; flowers yellowish white, solitary, found in leaf axils. Fruits schizocarp, enclosed within the calyx. Seeds brown colored and smooth. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata, pitta, pain, arthritis, asthma, bronchitis, burning sensation, and urinary retention. :Barela : Sida rhombifolia Linn. : Malvaceae : Atibala, Hastibala, Mahasamanga, Vadhyala : Wild mallow : Barela, Lalbarela : Root.
DESCRIPTION Local Name :Van tulsi Botanical name : Ocimum americanum Linn. Family : Lamiaceae SANSKRIT : Vana tulasi, Aranya tulasi, Vanabarbarika. English : Hoary basil Hindi : Vantulsi Useful part : Leaves, Seeds. HABIT Plant commonly found in fields and waste lands, throughout India. A pubescent erect, and much branched herb, grows up to 1 meter. Leaves elliptic – lanceolate, entire or faintly toothed, glabrous and gland dotted. Flowers white or whitish pink found in elongate recemes. Fruits are small, nutlets are pitted, mucilaginous when wet. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata, kapha, helminthiasis, anorexia, dyspepsia, pruritis, leprosy, vomiting, poison, migraine, and fever. Seeds are good remedy for hyperdipsia, fever, migraine, and emaciation.
DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT
:Adusa : Adhatoda vasica Nees. : Acanthaceae :Brihat vasa, Brihat vasaka, Vrisha, Vrishaka, : Malabar nut : Adusa, Arusa : Whole plant.
A large shrub grows crowded along waste land, roadsides etc. Leaves simple, opposite, ovate-lanceolate, acute or acuminate and shiny. Flowers arise from axillary condensed spikes, white; fruits capsules. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, kapha, cough, bronchitis, asthma, inflammation, hemorrhage, hemorrhoids, diseases of eyes, and bleeding diarrhea. In medicinal value it is less effective than vasa (Adhatoda beddomei)
5 cm.5-2 cm × 0. stalk 23. margin usually 5-9-lobed or pinnately parted. ringini : whole plant Thorny Nightshade is a herb which is erect or creeping. prickly along veins. . prickly.5 cm. apex acute. :Kateli. 50-70 cm tall.5-1. sinuate. 4-9 × 2-4. sometimes woody at base.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT :ringini : Solanum virginianum : Solanaceae (Potato family : Kantakari : Thorny Nightshade. copiously armed with sturdy. leaf blade ovate-oblong.5 mm. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES : Boiled decoction of dry plant is prescribed for stomach and liver complaints. Leaves are unequal paired. Flowering: November-May. needlelike. broadbased prickles 0. lobes unequal.
Sambari : Emilia sonchifolia : Kirankari.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRITT English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Hirankhuri : Emilia sonchifolia (Linn. compressed. worm infestations. A soft annual herb grows up to 40 cm in height. bleeding piles. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. Dravanti. seeds long. fruits oblong containing many seeds. lyrate –pinnate with large terminal lobe. ulcers intermittent fever and allergy. flowers purplish in corymbose heads. vata. cuts.) DC : Asteraceae : Sasasruti. Akhukarni. Hirankhuri : Whole plant. . conjunctivitis. tonsillitis. having terminal tuft of soft hairs for wind dispersal. Leaves simple.
Sadodi : Whole plant . Fruits oblong achene's. Plant possess anti cancerous property. eczema. Seeds are useful in worm infestation. silky on the back. Leaves simple alternate. stomach pain. striate. herpes. leukoderma and in other skin diseases. variable in shape. in small head inflorescences. irregularly toothed or serrate. and elephantiasis. intermittent fever.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT An erect annual herb grows up to 75 cm in height. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. Involucral bracts oblong. Flowers are many pinkish violet. Stems are cylindrical. cough. pitta.) Less. lancelets. Leaves are useful in conjunctivitis. and somewhat pubescent. Uttamakanyapatra : Ash colored fleabane : Sahadevyi. diarrhea. psoriasis. slightly narrowed base. ovate or lancelets. and in acclimation. : Asteraceae : Sahadevi. tonsillitis. clothed with white hairs on one side. ringworm. :Sadodi : Vernonia cinerea (Linn.
colic. low back pain. covered with sticky bristles. Fruits trivalved. Kandakeephala : Aramina : Lotloti. consumption and general weakness. arthritis. flowers solitary. deeply lobed. axillary. cough. . bronchitis.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT An erect annual or biennial herb grows up to 1 meter in height. alternate. : Urena lobata Linn. base chordate. dry cough. ovate. and pale yellow. asthma. : Malvaceae : Sakhee. : Whole plant. Leaves simple. :Kunjia. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. vata. Kunjia.
amenorrhea. : Tinapatiya. long stalked. dysmenorrhea. grows up to 20 cm in height. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES :Amrulsa : Oxalis violacea Linn.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi HABIT An annual herb found in moist locations. with the shape of a shamrock. hepatitis and burning sensation. Amlapatri : Indian red sorrel. Flowers bright violet red and axillary. kapha. dyspepsia. hemorrhoids. trifoliate. Wood sorrel. : Oxalidaceae : Raktachangeri. dysentery. Fruits are cylindrical capsules. . diarrhea. Plant is a semi erect creeping acid herb. Amrulsak Plant pacifies vata. Leaves palmately compound. seeds numerous.
dentate. and malaria. with numerous minute seeds. . chordate base. Kutumbakam. seen in long axillary panicles. Drona. : Phlomis : Gooma : Leaves. rheumatic fever. alternate.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Gooma : Urtica parviflora Roxb. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. arthritis. Flowers are minute. Leaves are solitary. which produce intense itching when touched. greenish yellow. Kumbhayoni. fever. hemorrhoids. : Urticaceae : Kanjee. Tender leaves are used as vegetable. with minute hairs. An erect biennial herb grows up to 60 cm in height.
thin. burning sensation. flowers unisexual. skin diseases. Makhi : Roots. obtuse. : Makhi : Phyllanthus reticulatus Poir. axillary's. oblong. pitta. . fruits purplish containing seeds. burns. : Euphorbiaceae : Poolika. alternate. Leaves. obesity and urinary retention. diabetes. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. Leaves simple. Krishnakamboji : Phyllanthus reticulatus : Pancholi.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A large shrub grows up to 2 meters in height.
5 meters with branches and sub branches.Vasuka. Fruits are fleshy follicles.Br.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part :Mandara : Calotropis gigantea (Linn. in umbellate lateral cymes. skin diseases. green. Flower and Leaves HABIT Perennial shrub. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES : Plant pacifies vitiated tridoshas. seeds attached with abundant white coma. Mandara : Root. Ksheeraparni. Aka. asthma and chest infections and rabies. Sooryahvaya. lilac.) R. Flowers beautiful. : Blue Madar : Aka vana. Leaves are simple. snake poison. opposite and sub-sessile. ovate. (Blue variety) : Asclepiadeceae : Arka. . Latex. and cordate at base. Plant contains latex almost in all parts. It is a strong purgative drug. joint inflammations. growing up to 2.
vomiting. burning sensation. Khotika : Common purslane : Badi noni. Leaves simple. and stomatitis. in terminal or axillary clusters. pitta. jaundice. obtuse and sessile. Brihat loni. bright yellow. diabetes. Fruits ovoid capsules with numerous small black seeds. burns. tumor. Bara laniya : Whole plant . skin diseases. dysentery.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT A small annual succulent weed usually seen in wet areas. : Portulacaceae :Lonika. Flowers small. oblong-ovate. fleshy. headache. : Badi noni : portulaca oleracea. inflammations. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata.
osteoporosis. : Edible stemmed vine. Sometimes Arial root arises from the nodes grow downwards and strike the soil and act as normal roots. Vajralatha. piles. long and simple. Tendrils are opposite to leaves. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical Name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT : Hadjod : Cissus Quadrangualaris Linn. Leaves are alternate. Vajravalli. Bone setter : Hadjod. : Vitaceae : Asthisrinkhala. Dharavalli. . anorexia and fracture. Flowers are short greenish in shortly peduncled cyme. Fruits are ovoid red berry. A tendril climber with stout fleshy quadrangular stem. Hadjora : Plant as a whole. reniform and sometimes toothed. simple. Chaturdhara. vata.
sexual weakness. seeds 4-8 per pod. bearing three straight sharp spines at each axils. Stem quadrangular. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. annual grows up to 1. cough and anemia. impotency. Leaves. vesical calculi. Fruits are linear oblong compressed capsules. . :Kamtakalya : Hygrophilla auriculata (K. Seeds. jaundice. : Acanthaceae : Kokilaksha. in the axils of leaves. hyperdipsia. Ikshura : Long leaved barleria : Talmakhana. dropsy.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRITT English Hindi Useful part HABIT An erect semi woody. smooth with mucilaginous coating. Kamtakalya : Roots. leaves in a verticles of six at a node.Schum. flowers purple. pitta. ascites.5 meters in height. rheumatoid arthritis.) Heine. two very large.
Seeds are numerous. acute.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A spreading annual herb grows up to 20 cm in height. . inflammation. and hemorrhoids. : Whole plant. opposite. ulcers. Flowers in head. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. serrate or dentate. long stalked and whitish. small with tuft of silky hairs on one side for wind dispersal. : Asteraceae : Ekapushpi. fleshy and pubescent. Vranaropani : Coat buttons : Ekapushpi. : Ekapushpi : Tridax procumbens Linn. Leaves simple. wound. anal fistula.
insomnia. asthma. bronchitis. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. : Indian pennywort : Brahmamandooki.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A creeping perennial with rooted nodes. Manduki. mental retardation. fruits laterally compressed. abdominal disorders. epilepsy. :Bemgsag : Centella asiatica Linn. having long petioles. small and sessile. insanity and fever. leaves simple. : Apiaceae : Mandookaparni. reniform or cordate in shape. Bemgsag : The whole plant . flowers pink.
) Korth. :Kaddam : Mitragyna parvifolia (Roxb. infections and fever. Fruits oblong capsules.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A medium to large sized deciduous tree grows up to 25 meters in height. opposite. elliptic. acute or acuminate. Kaddam : Root. (Stephegyne parvifolia Roxb.) : Rubiaceae : Vitana : Kaim : Kayim. skin diseases. Leaves. fever. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. Leaves simple. kapha. inflammations. . internal or external hemorrhages. Bark. cordate of obovate. muscle pain. Flowers greenish yellow fragrant in globose heads. glabrous on both sides.
Upodika : Indian spinach : Poi. globose. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. Safed bachla : Stems. Leaves simple. alternate. burning sensation. fruits red. Flowers-white or red. Pothee.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A perennial twining herb with fleshy stem and leaves. hemorrhages. leaves . skin diseases. lamina narrowed into petiole. white or black. bracteoles longer than perianth. sexual weakness and ulcer and as a laxative in children and pregnant women. : Poi : Basella rubra Linn. pitta. Mohini. reddish green in colour. : Basellaceae :Kalambi.
Stamens about as long as the perianth. broadly ovate to elliptic. Leaf stalk 1. in dense umbels in leaf axils. oblong. with tendrils at the end. shining. Also applied in rheumatic swellings and given in urinary complaints and dysentery. Flowers white. 7-15 x 4-11 cm. inner narrower. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES The roots of Kumarika are used for veneral diseases. base sheathing. 3-5-nerved. base rounded or shortly wedge-shaped. Leaves leathery. Bracts ovate. Flowering: January-April.DESCRIPTION Local Name : Jangli aushbah Botanical name : Smilax perfoliata Family : Smilacaceae (Sarsaparilla family) English : Kumarika Hindi : Kumarika. 1-3 on a common peduncle. Jangli aushbah. outer 3 segments. Perianth recurved in mature flowers. Bhitura Sanskrit : Vanamadhusnahi HABIT Kumarika is an armed or unarmed climber. 4 mm long. It is found from the Himalayan region in the north to Peninsular India. .5 cm long.
Flowers bluish purple. Cough . Leprosy. Flatulencem. Fever. branches are sqare. :Sendhwar : Vitex negundo Linn. Sendhwar :Sambalu :Whole Plants . 3 to 5 leaflets terminal leaflet large lateral leaglets are small & sessile. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Acute Rheumatism . about 6-20 feet high . :Verbeneceae :Five leaved chaste (Indian Privet) . Fruits globular blakish of terripening.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical Name Family Name English Name Hindi Sanskrit Parts used HABIT A small shrub or tree. :Nirguri.Leaves compound . white hairy. Pain . Indigestion .
Latex A moderate sized deciduous tree grows up to 20 meters in height. Leaves simple. Leaves. : Moraceae : Udumbara. Krimiphala. and glabrous. Fruits. Jantuphala. Cluster fig : Umar. : Country fig. receptacles small subglobose or piriform. in large clusters from old nodes of main trunk. hemorrhage. alternate. Green colored and turns to reddish when ripe. diarrhea. . acute. menorrhagia.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRITT English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Gular : Ficus racemosa Linn. constipation. Bark. Gular : Root. ovate or elliptic. skin diseases. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta.
linear-lanceolate. : Kaner : Taivetia neerifolia Juss : Apocynaceae : Karaveera. Yellow oleander : Kaner. Leaves. and yellowish green. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. skin diseases. Asvamaraka. Internal use will cause toxic symptoms. Flowers pale yellow colored and fragrant. Karber : Roots. acute. . arthritis. Peetakaraveera. Asvaghna.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sankrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT An evergreen shrub grows up to 7-10 meters in height. for external use. Hayamaraka : Indian oleander. and ulcers. fruits globose and 4 chambered. Leaves three in a whorl. pruritus.
horizontally arranged in the sweetish pulp. Bark rough grayish. flowers bright yellow in lax pendulous recemes. Deerkhaphala : Indian laburnum. . acute. bright green above and silvery pubescent beneath. constipation. vata. burning sensation : Girimala : Cassia fistula Linn. Girimala : Whole plant. Rajavriksha. leaves pinnately compound. ovate. Kritamala. leaflets 4-8 pairs.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A medium sized deciduous tree grows up to 20 meters in height. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. Chaturangulam. Purging fistula : Amaltas. : Caesalpiniaceae :Aragvadha. fruits long cylindrical pods seeds broadly ovate.
Raktakaraveera. Overdose will cause toxic symptoms. HABIT An evergreen shrub grows up to 4 meters in height. (N. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. stomatitis. Flowers red or rose colored and fragrant. Leaves three in a whorl. skin diseases. renal or vesical calculi. dark green above. Asvaghna. Leaves. Asvamaraka. linear.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part : Lal Kaner : Nerium indicum Mill. cardio-myopathy and ulcers. bronchitis. and lanceolate. Red oleander :Lal Kaner. fruits follicles. Hayamaraka : Indian oleander. arthritis. Karber : Roots. sessile. oleander Linn) : Apocynaceae :Karaveera. . acute. pruritus. cough.
general weakness and constipation. A creeping perennial or annual herb grows parallel to ground. 5 angled. urinary retention.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Gokharu : Tribulus terrestris Linn. Gokshuraka. impotency. pinnate. opposite. yellow and axillary's. cough. urinary tract infections. asthma. Flowers solitary. Fruits spinous woody schizocarp. . Vanashringata : Puncture vine. leaflets rounded and sessile. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. Ghokru : Gokharu : Whole plant or Seeds. anemia. Shadanga. sexual weakness. vesicle and renal calculi. pitta. Gokhuri. Gokandaka. containing one or more seeds in each crocus. : Zygophyllaceae : Gokshura. Leaves simple.
fruits 4 lobed purple durpe. Padma. flatulence. helminthiasis. leucoderma. sometimes opposite oblong or elliptic. flowers blue. hiccough. : Clerodendrum viscosum : Bharangi : Root and Leaves. bronchitis. somewhat succulent with one Pyrenees in each lobe. serrate. many in long cylindrical thrusts. Kharashakha. : Padma : Clerodendrum serratum (Linn.) Moon : Verbenaceae :Brahmanayashtika.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A slightly woody shrub with bluntly quadrangular stems and branches. chronic skin diseases. dyspepsia. leprosy and fevers. leaves usually three at a node. pitta. cough. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. asthma. anorexia. . The leaves can be used or external application in headache. inflammations.
violet head inflorescence. Sravani. hemorrhoids. :Mundi : Sphaeranthus indicus Linn : Asteraceae :Hapusha. migraine. . fever. jaundice. skin diseases and as nervine tonic. Alambusha. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES The plant pacifies vitiated vata. leaves alternate. Flowers are terminal. pitta epilepsy. : East Indian globe thistle. globose. cough. : Mundi : Whole plant.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical Name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A spreading aromatic herb with spreading glandular hairy stem and branches with purple or pink flowers. toothed. Mundi. helminthiasis. Stems with toothed wing.
DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A moderate sized tree grows up to 15 meters in height. Leaves simple, alternate, long petioled, ovate-lanceolate, entire or mildly serrate; flowers dioecious, small whitish, seen in axillary spikes; male in long spikes, and female in short spikes. Fruits globose, three lobed capsules, covered with dense reddish brown powder. Seeds black, smooth, and globose. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, vata, worm infestation, constipation, skin diseases, flatulence, wounds, ulcers, cough, renal and vesical calculi, poisons, ringworm, herpes and hemorrhages. : Kamala : Mallotus philippensis (Lam) Muell. Arg. : Euphorbiaceae : Rechanaka, Kampillaka : Kamala tree : Sindur, Kamala : Brown powder covering the fruit.
DESCRIPTION Local Name : Madhavi lata Botanical name : Hiptage benghalensis Family : Malpighiaceae (Barbados cherry family) Sankrit : Madhavi lata English : Hiptage, Helicopter Flower • Hindi : Madhavi lata Useful part : whole plant HABIT Madhavi lata, native from India to the Philippines, is a vine like plant that is often cultivated in the tropics for its attractive and fragrant flowers. A woody climbing shrub with clusters of pink to white and yellow fragrant flowers and 3-winged, helicopter-like fruits. Flowers have very interesting shape and look like a decorative accessory, with fluffy-toothed edges. The fragrance is very strong and pleasant, resembles fruity perfume. Leaves are narrow and drooping. This plant can be trimmed as a bush, and can be crown in container, too. Used medicinally in India. Make sure to provide lots of light for profuse blooming. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES : The bark, leaves and flowers are aromatic, bitter, acrid, astringent, refrigerant, vulnerary, expectorant, cardiotonic, anti-inflammatory and insecticidal. They are useful in burning sensation, wounds, ulcers, cough, asthma.
DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT An erect perennial herb grows up to 1.5 meters in height. Leaves pellateovate, with cordite lamina, in long petiole. Spandex shorter then petiole, inflorescence covered with spate. Underground stems are swollen; fleshy, dark brown colored and much branched. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata, pitta, constipation, steatites, alopecia, hemorrhoids and general weakness. Corms and tender leaves are used as staple food in some parts of India. : Kachalu : Colocasia esculenta (Linn.) Schott. : Araceae :Alookam, Aloopam : Cocoyam, Taro : Kachalu, Khuyya : Leaves, Corms.
hyperdipsia. laticiferous twinning or prostrate shrub with woody stock and numerous slender stems. with transversely cracked and longitudinally fissured bark. Leaves are simple.) R. The tuberous root is dark brown. cylindrical. HABIT A perennial. dysentery. . skin diseases. sub sessile cymes in the opposite leaf axils. Magrabu Useful part : Root. vata. arthritis. Fruits are slender follicles. bronchitis. slender. It has a strong central vasculature and pleasant smell and taste.DESCRIPTION Local Name : Ananthamul Botanical name : Hemidesmus indicus (Linn. leucorrhoea. 10 cm long tapering to a point at the apex. Anantamoola English : Indian sarasaparilla. Country sarasaparilla Hindi : Ananthamul. hemorrhoids. linear lanceolate. black.Br. Family : Asclepiadaceae SANSKRIT :Sariba. Flower greenish purple. opposite. asthma. burning sensation. pruritus. ovate-oblong with silvery white coma. leukoderma. seeds are flattened. diarrhea. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta.
burning sensation. and a large. Leaves trifoliate with lower small two. : Oleaceae : Yoodhika. Juyi : Roots. Magadhi. . Fruits globose black berries. Flowers white fragrant. : Juhi : Jasminum auriculatum Vahl. central one. rounded. renal calculi and skin diseases. often deciduous. Leaves. stomatitis. Soochimallika : Needle flower jasmina : Juhi. acuminate. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRITT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A spreading woody shrub grows up to 2 meters in height. in paniculate cyme. ulcer.
: Kamarang : Leaves. vomiting. . with leaflets 5-11. pitta. : Oxalidaceae : Karmaranga. Karuka : Carambola apple.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part : Kamarang : Averrhoa carambola Linn. poison. pruritus. alternate. worm infestations. Leaves compound. contain arillate seeds. over perspiration and general debility. Fruits. hemorrhoids. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. axillary. yellowish fleshy berries. fruits 5 angles. acute. intermittent fever. diarrhea. HABIT A small evergreen plant grows up to 10 meters in height. flowers purple in short racemes. skin diseases.
flowers in cymose. : Periwinkle : Sdabahar : Whole plant . hypertension. Leaves deep green oblong or obovate.) G. : Sdabahar : Catharanthus roseus (Linn. deep rose or white in color. fruits cylindrical follicle. kapha. diabetes. axillary clusters. the root is stomachic and tonic. leukemia and malignancy. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT An erect annual herb grows up to a height of 1meter.Don : Apocynaceae :Nityakalyani.
wounds and ulcers. paripinnate. Stinking weed : Kasaundi. bronchitis. compressed and grayish brown seeds. . with 3-5 pairs. cough. diabetes. : Barikasaundi : Cassia occidentalis Linn. flowers yellow. Seeds. kapha. fever constipation. allergy. Fruits compressed. in short pedunculated racemes. skin diseases. 8-12 cm long. asthma. : Caesalpiniaceae :Kasamarda : Negro coffee.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT An undershrub grows up to 2 meters in height. containing 10-30 ovoid. Leaves. Barikasaundi. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. : Root. Leaves pinnately compound.
.5 m tall. The leaves are up to 100 mm long and 40 mm wide. Barleria : Vajradanti : Whole plant Porcupine flower is an erect. The stems and branches are stiff and smooth and light brown to light grey in colour. but they also occur singly at the base of leaves. growing to about 1. A mouthwash made from root tissue is used to relieve toothache and treat bleeding gums. usually single-stemmed. pale coloured spines. and oval-shaped though narrow at both ends (ellipsoid) The base of the leaves is protected by three to five sharp. respiratory diseases. prickly shrub. . MEDICINAL PROPERTIES : It has numerous medicinal properties including treating fever. The yellow-orange tubular flowers are found bunched tightly together at the top of the plant. 10-20 mm long. and roots are used for a variety of purposes in traditional Indian medicine.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Vajradanti : Barleria prionitis : Acanthaceae (ruellia family) :Vajradanti :Porcupine flower. toothache. joint pains and a variety of other ailments. The whole plant. and it has several cosmetic uses. leaves.
promote hair growth. : Bringa : Eclipse prostrata (Linn) Linn. . Bringaraja. Leaves are simple and opposite. Bringa. Flowers are in head inflorescence. : Asteraceae : Keshabringa. Moprant : Plant as a whole. Angaraka. heal and clean ulcers and increase eye sight. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. Stems are soft and fleshy. Fruits are akene. reduces pain. stimulate the functions of liver. Kesaranjana : Trailing eclipta : Bangrah.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRITT English Hindi Useful part HABIT It is an erect prostrate annual herb grows up to 70 cm height. vata. Branches are few.
sessile. fruits thin pods with 6-10 seeds per pod MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. : Mimosaceae :Saptala. with sharp prickles on main rachis. Leaves bipinnate. Kochi. Charmasahva : Soapnut acacia : Satala. woody. flowers small heads. . calculi. large climbing shrub grows on big trees. Seekakai : Pods. hemorrhoids. : Satala : Acacia sinuata (Lour. Pinnate 8 -10 pairs. vitilligo and eczema. burning sensation. leaflets small.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A perennial. constipation. skin disease.) Merr.
. seen on long terminal spikes. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. earache. edema. Maduparnika. Underground bulbs are whitish or pale yellow. grows up to 15 cm in diameter. and used as an emitting drug for children. Dodhyani. arthritis. : Liliaceae :Chakrangi.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A glabrous annual herb with perennial underground bulbs. lorate and crowded at the base. whitish. Somavalli : Wild onion :Sudarshan : Underground bulb. Flower terminal. Leaves simple. callosity. linear lanceolate. acute. hemorrhoids. and glabrous. Fruits ovate and irregularly deciduous capsules. : Sudarshan : Crinum latifolium Linn.
. compressed. Flowers. Coral jasmine : Parja. Leaves simple. cough. two seeded drupes. Sephalika : Night jasmine. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. : Oleaceae : Parijata. : Parja : Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Linn. dyspepsia. opposite. constipation. Harsimgar : Leaves. in trichotomous cymes. sciatica. premature graying of hair and prorates. ovate. baldness. kapha. serrate or dentate. acute or acuminate. flowers small white.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A large shrub or small tree grows up to 6 meters in height. asthma. Seeds. inflammation. Fruits capsules. hemorrhoids.
:Tarval : Cassia auriculata Linn. diabetes. worm infestation. conjunctivitis. Bark. Leaves. large stipule at the base of each compound leaf.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A large shrub grows up to 2 -3 meters in height. : Caesalpiniaceae :Avartaki : Tanner’s cassia : Tarvar. leaflets 10-12 pairs. ovate-lanceolate. Flowers. Tarval : Root. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. and nocturnal emission. Fruits pods. Seeds. ulcers. Leaves paripinnately compound. . Flowers yellowish. diarrhea. brown when ripe contain 10-15 dark brown seeds. kapha. skin diseases. in axillary and terminal corymbs.
DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT : Tejabala : Zanthoxylum alatum Roxb. : Rutaceae :Tumburu, Tejasvini, Tejovati, Vanaja, Sourabha : Toothache tree : Tejabala : Root, Leaves, Bark
English Hindi Useful part HABIT A small tree or shrub, growing up to 20 meters in height. Leaves4-20 cm, imparipinnate, leaflets 4-6 pairs, lanceolate and acute. Flowers seen in dense panicles. Fruits broadly ovoid, pale red when ripe, contain single seed. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata, kapha, inflammation, wound, ulcers, stomatitis, gingivitis, anorexia, indigestion, flatulence, diarrhea, hemorrhoids and intestinal worms.
DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT An annual spreading herb with tendril hooks. Leaves bicompound, leaflets acuminete at apex; flowers white small; fruits membreneous, pyriform capsules, containing 3 black seeds with large heart shaped white aril on the side. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, constipation, fever, arthritis, amenorrhea, low back pain, neuropathy, chronic rheumatism and mania. : Kanphuti : Cardiospermum helicacabum Linn. : Sapindaceae :Sakralata, Indravalli, Karnasphota : Balloon wine. : Kanphuti, Kapalaphoti. : Whole plant.
DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT An annual or perennial climber with hairy branches. Leaves trifoliate, leaflets ovate or rhomboid ovate, membranous, pubescent above; flowers purple in axillary drooping pendulous racemes; fruits curved pods, densely clothed with pale brown irritant hairs, seeds black, ovoid, 4-6 per pod. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata, pitta, constipation, impotency, Parkinsonism, kidney diseases, neuropathy, worm infestations, fever and general debility. :Kaunch : Mucuna pruriens (Linn.) DC. : Fabaceae :Atmagupta, Kapikacchu, Ajada, Markati, Kulakshaya : Common cowitch, Cowhage. : Gonacha, Kaunch : Fruits, Leaves, Seeds, Hairs
The gummy extract of the wood is called kath or cutch. skin diseases. Seeds 3-10 per pod. . Kath. cough. with large conspicuous gland near the middle of the rachis. increases the strength of teeth. shiny. Useful in tooth ache. Flowers pale yellow.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Khadir : Acacia catechu (Linn. Leaves bipinnately compound. Cutch tree : Khair : Bark. pruritus. found in axillary spikes. : Mimosaceae : Khadira. main rachis pubescent. Kushtari. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. kapha. Medium sized thorny deciduous tree grows up to 13 meters in height. with triangular beak at the apex. sessile.f) Wild. leaflets 30-50 paired. Rakthasaram : Dark catechu. Fruits flat brown pods. and obesity. narrowed at base. Heartwood.
aromatic. and alternate. Seeds are numerous. inflammation andasthma. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. Family : Rutaceae Sanskrit :Vilva. Lateral leaflets are sub sessile and terminal long petioled. oblong and embedded in pulp. Holy Fruit tree Hindi : Bilva Useful part : Leaves. vomiting. Corr. Fruits are globose woody berry with yellow pulp. poison. English : Bael tree. Root. and intermittent fever. Leaves trifoliate. dysentery. Pulp of unripe fruit is constipating whereas that of ripened fruit is laxative. . vata. cough. Leaflets are ovatelanceolate. diarrhea. found in axillary panicles.DESCRIPTION Local Name : Bael Botanical name : Aegle marmelos Linn. Fruits HABIT Medium sized thorny deciduous tree grows up to 10 meters in height. Flowers are greenish white. Leaves cure diabetes. body pain.
1-2 seeded berries crowned by the calyx lobes. flowers-yellowish white. :Angol : Alangium salvifolium Wang. Rechi. Root . Roots are useful for external application in case of rheumatism and inflammation. thorny deciduous tree/ shrub which grows up to a height of 5-10 meters. Deerghakeelakah : Sage-leaved alangium : Angol. : Seeds. leaves alternate.fruits 1-2 seeded. Bark yellowish. Leaves. Fruits are used in treatment of hemorrhages. : Alangiaceae :Ankolah.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT A small. antidote for several poisons especially for rabies. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. in axillary fascicles. elliptical and usually unequal at the base.Dhera.1cm in length. It is anti-hypertensive. Kolakah. fragrant.
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Chebulic Myrobalan is highly regarded as the 'king of medicines' in the Ayur-Vedic Medicine. boiled with a little added sugar in their own syrup or used in preserves or concotions.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family English name Hindi Sanskrit Useful part HABIT : Harra : Terminalia chebula : Combretaceae : Chebulic Myrobalan. It is allegedly also a powerful detox agent. ribbed and nut-like fruits which are picked up when still green and then pickled. is an abrasive pit enveloped by a fleshy and firm pulp. which has an eliptical shape. It is reputed to cure blindness and it is believed to inhibit the growth of the malignant tumours. Chebulic Myrobalan can reach heights of 20 meters. . Jivapriya : Fruit This tree yields smallish. : Harra : Kayastha. The seed of the fruit.
. acute.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT : Seetaphal : Annona squamosa Linn. burning sensation. vomiting. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. Roots. seeds. Subha : Custard apple. fruit pulp enclosed several stony hard. alternate. : Annonaceae :Seetaphalam. Root decoction is a powerful purgative. Sudha. black seeds. cough. lenceolate. Flowers solitary greenish yellow. anemia. Sugar apple : Seetaphal : Fruits. constipation. fruits yellowish green globose with several compartment. Powdered seed kills body and hair lice on external application. malignancy and general tonic. with prominent central nerve. Leaves simple. Leaves A small tree grow up to 8 meters of height.
Underground tubers are large. leprosy. seminal weakness. It is edible. intestinal worms. Asiatic yam : Khamalu. and acuminate. A glabrous twinner. hemorrhoids. . post menopausal syndrome. with a peculiar 4 winged stem leaves simple. Plant has many Arial tubers that also aid in reproduction. and general weakness. Flowers unisexual and fruits capsules. Chupri alu. many branched dark brown and fleshy.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT : Chupri alu : Dioscorea alata Linn. cordate. : Tubers. ovate. and used as a staple food. : Dioscoreaceae :Alukam. opposite. : Greater yam. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta.
Vastrabhushana. Flowers are greenish white. rakta. Raktangi. : Rubiaceae :Manjishta. Fruits are globose or slightly 2 lobed. found in terminal panicled glabrous cymes. or yellowish or red small and sweet scented. Samanga. skin diseases. petioles very long provided with sharp prickles in the edges. neurogenic pain. Stems are quadrangular. Leaves are found as whorl numbered 2-8. . It increases body power and anti toxic in nature. and erysipelas.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT :Majith : Rubia cordifolia Lin. Yojanavalli : Indian Madder : Majith : Root. Seeds two. Bleeding disorders. kapha. Vikasha. diabetes. purplish black when ripe. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. fiberous roots. cordate-ovate with round base. A small prickly climbing perennial herb with long long reddish.
febrifuge and tonic.3 mm x 0. style about 1. Stems are tetragon us. lilac or pale blue. carminative. sparsely hirsute above. Inflorescence is a single terminal spike.3 cm long. calyx 8.5-3 cm. teeth hairy inside. lower lip about 12 mm x 4 mm.5 m tall. hairs 4-celled.8 cm long.5-2.9 mm. longest teeth 3-4 mm long.5 cm long. Nutlets are cylindrical. Leaves are ovate to oblong.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family English Sanskrit Hindi Useful part HABIT : Gopoli : Anisomeles malabarica : Lamiaceae (Mint family) : Malabar Catmint : Mahadron : Gopoli.5-1. petiole 0. Leaves Malabar Catmint is a shrubby herb. in fruit 8-10 mm long. Flower up to 1. densely woolly beneath. 3-8 cm x 1. 0. 1.5 mm x 6 mm. Codhara : Roots. softly woolly. densely villous or woolly. especially the leaves and the roots are used as astringent. about 8 mm long. filaments almost at same level. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES The whole plant. .
Prapunnada. fruits long septate pods with 10-15 seeds per pods. : Caesalpiniaceae :Chakramarda. Meshalochana. cough. dandruff. English Hindi Useful part HABIT An erect annual herb. flowers yellow. constipation. and hemorrhoids. Leaves are compound. seeds. grows up to 90 cm in height. Prepanda. hepatitis. . paripinnate with 3 pairs of leaflets. in subsessile pairs. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated tridosha. obovate-oblong. Papamd : Leaves.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT : Chakavad : Cassia tora Linn.Chakri : Fetid cassia : Chakavad. found in leaf axils. skin diseases. fever.
(C. Leaves compound. inflammation. Fruits green angulated dehiscent pods. other skin diseases. Dvipagasti : Ringworm shrub : Dadmurdan : Leaves. alopecia and sexual weakness. obtuse. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. intestinal worms. poison. Flowers. constipation. bronchitis. An annual or binneal shrub grows up to 2. Roots. herpetica Jacq) : Caesalpiniaceae :Dadrughna. hemorrhoids. yellow and showy. ringworm.DESCRIPTION Local Name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT : Cassia alata Linn. cough. paripinnate. pitta. leaflets oblong. contain numerous compressed brown colored ovate seeds. asthma.5 meters in height. membranous. flowers seen in long terminal spikes. .
cough fever. vomiting. : Bignoniaceae : Sheonak :Tiutun :Sonapatha : Whole par A large tree with large tri-pinnatecompound leavesFlowers large bluish purple. leaucoderma .follicle large sword shaped MEDICINAL PROPERTIES In rheumatism.diarrhea.fleshy. bronchitis. piles expectorant.foetid.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Usefull part HABIT : Sonapatha : Oroxylim Indicum Vent.
seen in long terminal branched spikes. : Verbenaceae : kharshak : Turk`s turban moon : Bharsngi : Whole plant An erect annual or biennial herb grows up to 1. opposite. Flowers bright orange. hairy and membranous. Leaves simple. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. pitta. .5 meters in height. wounds and skin diseases. inflammation. ulcers. Fruits small berries. lobed. chordate.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family Sanakrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT : Bharsngi : Clerodendrum serratum.
with an orange lip. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES : Wild turmeric is recognized as a medical herb with strong antibiotic properties. The stalk grows to about 8 to 10 inches tall. . Aromatic turmeric : Jangli haldi : Haridra Wild tumeric is an aromatic and pretty ginger with stout underground rhizomes. It is believed to play a role in preventing and curing cancer in medicine. Leaves appear after the flowers. Foliage dies down in late in autumn and the rhizomes remain dormant in winter.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family Common name Hindi Sanskrit HABIT : Jangli haldi : Curcuma aromatica : Zingiberaceae (Ginger family) : Wild turmeric. and is crowned with enlarged colored bracts tipped with pink. When in full growth the plants can reach a height of about 3ft tall. Flowers are pinkish white in color. The inflorescence appears in early spring from the base of the rhizome.
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. asthma. skin disease. fruits pods. Wild liquorice : Gunchi. Kakanantika. inflammation. : Fabaceae : Gunja. leaflets oblong. volition. seeds usually scarlet with black spot or pure white colored. Raktika. . Kakapilu. . stomatitis and fever.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part : Ratti : Abrus precatorius Linn. vata. Leaves pinnately compound with many pairs of leaflets. Seeds HABIT A deciduous climber with tough branches. Indian liquorice. alopecia. wounds. : Jequirity. found in clusters arranged on one side of recemose inflorescence. Leaves. flowers pink. Ratti : Root.
arthritis and general debility. wounds. amenorrhea. edema. Grihakanya : Aloe. low back pain. Indian aloe : Gheekaumar. constipation. Leave juice dried in air is called elio. . Reproduction by budding. (Aloe barbadensis Mill) : Liliaceae :Kumari.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT : Ghikumari : Aloe vera (Linn. sessile.) Burm. tumor. ulcers. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. hepatitis. pitta. flowers in long spikes. often sterile. with prickles on margins. colic. Leaves fleshy. burns. malignancy. fruits capsules. A perennial shrub with fleshy leaves and short stem. skin diseases. Ghikumari : Leaves juice. Grithakumari.
hemorrhoids. Yellow snake tree : Padhala. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. ovate-lanceolate. and muscular pain. acuminate. contains small compressed winged seeds. Adakapari : Root. Seeds. : Adakapari : Stereospermum coalis : Bignoniaceae :Patala. imparipinnate. flowers yellow in terminal cymes. kidney stones. Tamrapushpi : Trumpet flower tree. Fruits long slender cylindrical capsules. cough. Kuberakshi. Krishnavrinda. Leaves. . focused at edges of branches. arthritis. pitta skin diseases. Flowers. Fruits. large. urinary retention. Leaves compound.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A deciduous tree grows up to 30 meters in height. Leaflets 7-9 numbered.
Nakharanjani : Henna. hair fall. . burning sensation. Egyptian priven. headache. skin diseases. opposite. graying of hair. with persistent calyx. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. fragrant seen in terminal panicled cymes. : Mehandi :Lawsonia inermis Linn. ulcer. Flowers white numerous. smooth and pyramidal. Seeds. Leaves simple. Mendhi. entire. Seeds numerous. lanceolate. hepatitis. : Lythraceae :Madayantika. edema. Fruits globose capsules. Flowers. dysmenorrhea and anemia. pitta.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A large shrub grows up to 3 meters in height. Leaves. Cypress shrub : Mehandi. with short petals. Hena : Root. Propagation is by vegetative manner. pain. Mendhika.
edema and cardiomyopathy. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated tridoshas. Guha. Fruits are moniliform 6-8 joined pods. Joints separate when ripe into one seeded segments. Plant has detoxifying property. ovate-lanceolate. Sthira English : Desmodium Hindi : Sarivan Useful part : Roots or plant as a whole.DESCRIPTION Local name : Salaparni Botanical name : Desmodium gangeticum DC. branched shrub grows up to 1 meter in height. HABIT An erect. Family : Fabaceae SANSKRIT :Salaparni. . purple or lilac found in elongated terminal or axillary recemes. Stem is woody with numerous prostrate branches and covered with soft hairs. Leaves are single. Seeds are compressed reniform. and covered with numerous gray hairs. Flowers white. .
: Bixaceae :Sinduri. Seeds. Bark. numerous covered with red pigment. Arnotta plant : Sinduriya. Latkan : Root. fever. Leaves large. Dye obtained from the fruits is used as a coloring matter for edible materials. Markataharidra. seeds small. : Sinduri : Bixa orellana Linn. dysentery. flowers pale pink. in terminal panicles. cordate. acuminate. fruits bright red.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A large shrub or small tree grows up to 5 meters in height. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. . glabrous. Kampillaka : Annatto plant. capsules covered with soft bristles. and repels mosquitoes.
: Brabmbhi : Bacopa monnieri (Linn. Trayamana. Flowers are whitish of bluish white. obovate-oblong entire. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. Trayanthi.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT Annual creeper grows sticky on ground. decussate. splenomegali. Leaves simple. insanity. Bhekaparni : Brahmi : Brabmbhi : Plant as a whole . epilepsy. skin diseases. solitary. arises from the axils. fever. Fruits contain many seeds. neuralgia. opposite. pitta. flatulence. fleshy and about 1 cm length. ulcers. sessile.) Pennell : Scrophulariaceae : Brahmi. and general debility. Seetakamini. entire. inflammations.
Flwers purplish in elongate recemes. lumbago. Sacred basil. not mucilaginous when wet. vomiting. entire. Leaves are pale dark brown in color. simple. opposite. English : Holy basil. Svetatulasi. . fever. Surasa. grows up to 1 m in height. gastric distension. serrate. Fruits nutlets. ringworm and skin diseases. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated tridoshas. elliptic. smooth. pubescent on both sides. cough. obtuse or acute. bronchitis.DESCRIPTION Local name : Tulsi Botanical name : Ocimum sanctum Linn (Black variety) Family : Lamiaceae SANSKRIT :Tulasi. asthma. toxins. oblong. HABIT An erect much branched undershrub. Petiole slender and hairy. genito-urinary diseases. Black basil Hindi : Krishntulsi Useful part : Whole plant.
insanity. Leaves . Kukkudi. : Chota chand : Rauvolfia serpentina (Linn. in controlled dose. vata. hypertension. fever. insomnia. in a whorl of three. flowers white. : Chandrabhaga. become dark purple when ripe. cylindrical. Serpentine root. : Apocynaceae :Sarpagandha. Raktatrika : Indian snake root.) Benth. Chota chand : Root. wounds. thin. acuminate. oblong-lancelet. Roots. Overdose cause giddiness and is toxic.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A small erect shrub grows up to 60 cm in height. ex Kurz. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. epilepsy. Leaves simple. Nakuli. found in cymes. fruits green drupes. colic and urinary retention. streaked with violet. Chandrika. Sarpadani. yellowish brown and tortuous.
The roots are aphrodisiac and stimulant. impotency. Plant has immune-stimulant action . : Winter cherry : Asgandh. become reddish orange when mature and closed by the persistent calyx. widely used in rejuvenate ayurvedic formulae. : Solanaceae : Asvagandha. Varahika. Leaves are ovate and alternate.Vajigandha. Fruits are globose berries. Punir : Root and Leaves . Varahakarni. cylindrical and tapering towards the end with whitish grey color and pure white inside. Flowers are greenish or greenish yellow arises from leaf axils. : Asgandh : Withania somnifera (Linn. oligospermia and arthritis. Roots are fleshy.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT An erect branching shrub grows up to 150 cm in height. nerve weakness.) Dunal. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. up to 10 cm long.
cough. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. facial paralysis. Leaves alternate.ex. Palankasha. arthritis. skin diseases. sciatica. fever. : Burseraceae : Guggulu. brown in color. obovate. flowers small. : Guggul : Commiphora mukul (Hook. fruits ovoid drupes. Guggul . Guggul is the resinous extract of the plant. asthma. : Resinous gum.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A moderate sized thorny tree with ash colored rough bark. Mahishaksha. become red when ripe. diabetes and hypercholestremia.Stocks) Engl. It is epeque. brownish red. Devadhupa : Indian bdellium tree : Gugal. serrate in the upper part. epilepsy. hemiplegia. kapha. ulcer. .
wheezing. in leaf axils. fleshy. Seed 6 faced. Dhatri. cough. fruit globose. Gooseberry : Amalak. cardiac disorders . Flowes greenish yellow. fever.DESCRIPTION Local name : Amla Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part : Phyllanthus emblica Linn. stomatitis. unisexual. Vayastha. constipation. greenish yellow. with 6 vertical compartments. disorders of vision. Amla : fruit. closely arranged along the thin soft branchlets. jaundice. subsessile. stony hard when ripe. Thus it gives false appearance as compound leaf. Amritaphala : Indian gooseberry. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated tridoshas. many. Leaves simple. : Euphorbiaceae :Amalaki. HABIT A medium sized deciduous tree grows up to 25 meters in height.
fleshy leaves. succulent flowering plants in the Family Crassulaceae. low water requirements. Donkey Ears Useful part : The whole plant HABIT Air Plant grows to about 3-6 feet tall. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Bahamians call it Life Leaf or Floppers. The attractive. They are popular because of their ease of propagation.DESCRIPTION Local name : Bhampatti Botanical name : Kalanchoe pinnata/ Bryophyllum Family : Crassulaceae (sedum family) Sanskrit :Amar poi Hindi : Bhampatti English : Air Plant. Kalanchoe is a genus of about 125 species of tropical. . The erect. The flowers have purple or yellowish-white tinged calyxes and reddish corollas. mainly native to the Old World but with a few species in the New World. each with 3 or 5 oval leaflets with roundtoothed edges. and wide variety of flower colors typically borne in clusters well above the vegetative growth. thick. These plants are cultivated as ornamental houseplants and rock or "cactus" garden plants. succulent stems bear large. Young plantlets develop along the margins of the mature leaves. In the Bahamas it is mostly used for Asthma or shortness in breath. drooping blooms are borne on large panicles.
though generally hotter. aromatic. It is one of the best herbs for enhancing digestion. Male flower stalk is about 1 to 3 inch long and female flower stalk is ½ to 1 inch long. . The word pepper itself is derived from the Sanskrit word for long pepper.0 cm. It is also highly prized for its ability to enhance assimilation and potency of herbs in a synergistic formula (this is called the Yogavahi effect). The older leaves are dentate. pippali. Magadhi English : Long Pepper. 6. climber with perennial woody roots. Indian long Hindi : Pipli Useful part : fruit HABIT Long pepper is a close relative of the black pepper plant. broadly ovate or oblong-oval. taste. and has a similar. It is a slender. creeping and jointed stems. Flowers are monoceous and male and female flowers are borne on different plants.DESCRIPTION Local name : Pipli Family : Piperaceae (Pepper family) Sanskrit : Pippali. The younger leaf is ovate in shape and contains 5 veins on them. dark in color and heart shaped. dark green and shining above. Leaves are numerous. pale and dull beneath. assimilation and metabolism of the foods we eat. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Pippali is certainly one of the most widely used of all Ayurvedic herbs.3 to 9. and fleshy fruits embedded in the spikes.
: Neem tree.Juss. serrate and acuminate. skin diseases. inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis. found in axillary panicles. diabetes. flowers yellowish white. Arista. : Neem : Azadirachta inaica A. tumor. : Neem. eczema. Hinguniryasa. Leaves imparipinnately compound. : Meliaceae :Nimba. Leaves. . cough. wound. worms. Nimb : Bark. Margosa tree. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. burning sensation. ulcer. Fruits elliptical one seeded drupes yellowish when ripe. Oil.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A moderate to large sized tree grows up to 30 meters in height. leaflets opposite. Manda. Flowers. fever. Seed.
maturing into brown seed pods. Indian Beech Tree Hindi : Karanj Useful part : Bark. and is used industrially and in medicine. Flowering: March-April. The leaves are a soft. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES A thick brownish oil can be extracted from the large seeds. . long taproot make it drought tolerant. Small clusters of white. deep green as the season progresses. The tree is well suited to intense heat and sunlight and its dense network of lateral roots and its thick. Seed. Leaves. shiny burgundy in early summer and mature to a glossy. purple. notably for the treatment of rheumatism. HABIT A fast-growing deciduous tree up to 20 metres tall that is thought to have originated in India and is found throughout Asia. It is a deciduous tree that grows to about 15-25 meters in height with a large canopy that spreads equally wide. and pink flowers blossom on their branches throughout the year. Oil.DESCRIPTION Local name : Karanj Botanical name : pongamia pinnata Family : Fabaceae (pea family) Sanskrit : Karanjah English : Pongam Tree.
DESCRIPTION Local name : Patharchur Botanical name : Terminalia arjuna Family : Combretaceae (rangoon creeper family) Sanskrit : Arjuna, Dhawal, kakumbh English : Arjun Hindi :Arjun Useful part : Bark, Leaves, Fruits HABIT In Indian mythology, Arjun is supposed to be Sita's favorite tree. Native to India, the tree attracts lot of attention because of its association with mythology and its many uses. Arjuna is a large, evergreen tree, with a spreading crown and drooping branches. Grows up to 25 m height, and the bark is grey and smooth. Leaves are sub-opposite, 5-14 × 2-4.5 cm in size, oblong or elliptic oblong. Flowers small, white, and occur on long hanging racemes. Fruit is 2.3-3.5 cm long, fibrous woody, glabrous and has five hard wings, striated with numerous curved veins. Flowering time of the tree is April-July, in Indian conditions. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Every part of the tree has useful medicinal properties. Arjun holds a reputed position in both Ayurvedic and Yunani Systems of medicine. According to Ayurveda it is alexiteric, styptic, tonic, anathematic, and useful in fractures, ulcers, heart diseases, biliousness, urinary discharges, asthma, tumors, leucoderma, anemia, excessive perspirations etc. According to Yemeni system of medicine, it is used both externally and internally in gleets and urinary discharges.
DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT A tree occurring in hotter parts of the country. Black seeds yields and ink like resin used for marking cloths. A moderate sized, deciduous tree, 1215 m high. Leaves simple,17.5-60.0cm long and broad, obviate-oblong above, ashy grey or buff and pubescent beneath. MEDICINAL PROPERTIE Alopecia, skin disease, fever, piles, tumors, diseases of head, musculoskeletal disorder, to induce hyper pigmentation in wound scars, sinus wounds, tumors, carbuncles, seed oil and flower caustic : Bhilawa : Semecarpus Anacardium L.F. : Cobretaceae : Bhallathaka,Arushakara,Arushaka,Agni,Agnimukhi, Bhalli, : Marking nut : Bhilawa : Seeds, kernel, seed pressed oil.
DESCRIPTION Botanical name : Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub. Family : Fabaceae SANSKRIT :Palasa, Kimsuka, Raktapushpa, Ksharasreshta English : Flame of the forest Hindi : Palas, Dhak Useful part : Bark, Leaves, Flowers, Seeds, Gum. HABIT A medium sized deciduous tree, grows up to 15 meters in height. Leaves imparipinnate, trifoliate, leaflets big, obtuse and glabrous. Flowers bright red, large, in racemes; fruits green pods, containing one seed. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata, kapha, hemorrhage, hemorrhoids, intestinal worms, diabetes, colic, flatulence, inflammation, arthritis, and skin diseases.
lowering blood pressure. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Cardiovascular ailment. Bhinna : Indian borage.Ashmaghna. Extract of aerial parts: is spasmolytic. Heart troubles. : Patharchur : Coleus Ambionicus LOUR. flatulance. Country borage : Patharchur. : Labiatae : Pashanabhedi. Leaves: Useful in potyuria. Thirst. hairy herb. chronic cough. Leaves .DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT A small perennial.Giribhedi. colic. Lumphcayti leukemia. Pashanabhed : Roots. Extract of Roots: Hypotensive. about 1-3 feet high with thick and fleshy leaves aromatic flowers light purple. Eplepsy & urinary troubls. Asthmaw.
Svetamusali. diabetes. contain black seeds. Vrishyakanda : White musli : Saphed musali : Roots . whitish seen in terminal spikes. Roots many. fleshy and tuberous . : Saphed musali : Chlorophytum tuberosum (Roxb. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. Leaves simple. long fleshy and acute. pitta. leucorrhea. arises from compressed shoot.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A small annual herb grows up to 15 cm in height. Flowers small. : Liliaceae :Mahavrishya. Fruits small round. spermaturia. and is a potent aphrodisiac.) Baker.
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Lemongrass also posses some medicinal benefits. Useful part : leaves HABIT Lemon grass is a tall. sheaths thereto. Nausea . panicles 30 to over 60 cm long. It is a short day plant and produce profuse flowering in South India. ligulae very short. Flowers borne on decompounds saphead . Relieve spasms. Muscle cramps .Rheumatism . linear tapering upwards and along the margins.DESCRIPTION Local name : nibu ghass Botanical name : Cymbopogon flexuosus Family : Poaceae English : Lemon grass Hindi : nibu ghass Sanskrit : Bhustrina.Headaches. those of the barren shoots widened and tightly clasping at the base.8 meter high. erect. The inflorescence is a long spike about one meter in length. Lemon grass it is said provides relief in following Health problems: Aids in digestion. green. The calm is stout. Leaves are long. perennial sedge throwing up dense fascicles of leaves from a short rhizome. glucose. others narrow and separating. unto 1.
A much branched prostrate herb. Poultice used for boils. Decoction is taken with little salt drunk to check vomiting of blood. It prefers places with constant or periodically high humidity and so may be found in swamps. frequently rooting at the lower nodes. canals and reservoirs. somewhat fleshy. often found in and near ponds. Hindi : Garundi. and fallow rice fields. obtuse or subacute. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Stems and leaves useful in eye trouble. glabrous. Useful part : Stems and leaves HABIT Sessile Joyweed is a perennial herb. oblanceolate or linear-oblong. . leaves simple. shortly petiolate. seeds suborbicular. fruits compressed obcordate utricles. sometimes obscurely denticulate. in axillary clusters.DESCRIPTION Local name : Garundi Botanical name : Alternanthera sessilis Family : Amaranthaceae (Amaranth family) Sanskrit : Matsyaksi English : Sessile Joyweed. lanceolate. opposite. Shoot with other ingredients used to restore virility. white. shallow ditches. branches often purplish. flowers small.
fruits globose. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. red when ripe. . and tuberculosis. A perennial climber. one seeded berries. asthma. vata. and broadly ovate. cordate. hemorrhoids. Common pepper. leaves simple. fever. flowers minute in hanging spikes. cough. cold. Dharmapathanam. Ooshanam : Black pepper.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT : Kalimirch : Piper nigrum Linn : Piperaceae :Maricha. rooting at nodes. Krishna. usually dioecious. Seeds globose with acrid taste. Pepper : Kalimirch : Fruits. alternate. dyspepsia.
woody climbing shrub with white stems. ovate. contain 2-4 seeds. weakness. hemorrhoids. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. alternate. glabrous above and tomatoes beneath. anemia. arthritis and general debility : Samudrasos : Argyreia nervosa (Burm. : Convolvulaceae : Vraddhadaruka. sexual weakness. ageing. cardiac debility. vata.) Boj.f. leaves simple. in long peduncles cymes. Bastantri : Elephant creeper : Samudrasos : Roots . wounds.PROPERTIES Local name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT A very large. Flowers purple. fruits globule berries. acute. Vrddhadaruka. insomnia. cordite base. nervine weakness. emaciation.
Leaves simple. flatulence. insomnia. allergic cough.Vibheetaki : Belliric myrobalan : Baheda. Kalidruma. long petioled and crowded at the tip of branches. Bhootavasa. Flowers small. bronchitis. skin diseases. pale green. diarrhea. found in axillary spikes. leukoderma. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. cough. edema. Aksha. elliptic. Fruits ovoid drupes contain single stony hard seed. Vibheetaka. hemorrhage. Fruits . alternate. and graying of hair.) Roxb. : Combretaceae :Vibhitaki.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A moderate to large sized tree grows up to 30 meters in height. vata. Bhaira : Bark. entire and acute. dysentery. dyspepsia. : Bhaira : Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.
anorexia. stomatis and ulcers. 2 seeded. skin diseases. Bark. obliquely ovate. Kalasaka. Krishnanimba : Curry leaf tree : Kariaipak. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. fruits subglobose berries dark purple when ripe. colic. Mithanim. Leaves imparipinnate. dyspepsia. . burning sensation. : Kariaipak : Murraya koenigii (Linn) Spreng. Katnim : Root. gland dotted and aromatic. pitta. Kaidarya. vomiting. flatulence. fragrant. dysentery.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A small aromatic tree with dark grey bark. : Rutaceae :Surabhinimba. pruritis. flowers white in terminal corymbose cymes. diarrhea. Leaves. alternate leaflets alternate.
arises in leaf axils. and general debility. Fruits small akenes. opposite. (Red Variety) Family : Nyctaginaceae SANSKRIT :Krishnakeli.DESCRIPTION Local name : Lal Gulabas Botanical name : Mirabilis jalapa Linn. Marvel of Peru Hindi : Lal Gulabas Useful part : Roots. Flowers bright ret. HABIT A small glabrous herb grows up to 0. fever. syphilis. with long petiole. with peculiar property to bloom on 4 O clock and hence the name. . ovate acute. burns and scalds. Leaves simple. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. with a small round black seed. Leaves. with succulent stems. Sandhyakuli English : Four O’ Clock plant.5 meters in height. inflammation.
with succulent stems. arises in leaf axils. with long petiole. Leaves.5 meters in height. Fruits small akenes. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. opposite. Leaves simple. inflammation. fever.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A small glabrous herb grows up to 0. burns and scalds. Sandhyakuli : Four O’ Clock plant. with a small round black seed. and general debility. . with peculiar property to bloom on 4 O clock and hence the name. syphilis. (Yellow Variety) : Nyctaginaceae :Krishnakeli. Flowers bright yellow. : Peela Gulabas : Mirabilis jalapa Linn. ovate acute. Marvel of Peru : Peela Gulabas : Roots.
in dense axillary whorls. amenorrhea. or crenate. brown and smooth. flower white. Chitrapatrika. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. Leaves sub sessile. : Tumbe : Chotta halkusha : Leaves. obtuse. skin diseases. Phalepushpa. intermittent fever. Migraine and ulcer. entire.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A small erect. Fruits nut lets. linear-lanceolate. worm infestation. inflammation. pitta. . : Chotta halkusha : Leucas aspera (Willd) Link : Lamiaceae :Dronapushpi. arthritis. Flowers. cough. much branched annual herb grows up to 60 cm in height. Karabhapriya.
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. pubescent. inflammations. Fruits. Family : Moraceae SANSKRIT :Malayu. .DESCRIPTION Local name : Gobla Botanical name : Ficus hispida Linn. with scrubby surfaces. receptacles fascicled in the stem. Hindi : Gobla Useful part : Leaves. jaundice. hispid. ulcers. Kakodumbarika English : Creeping fig. Leaves opposite. fever and alopecia. Bark. HABIT A moderate sized tree grows up to 5 meters in height.f. leukoderma. psoriasis. long. hemorrhoids. green and turns yellow when ripe. obovoid.
membranous. hemorrhage. pitta. Leaves. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. diarrhea. Kuda : Bark. opposite. : Apocynaceae :Kutaja. acute-acuminate. brown.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A large shrub or small tree grows up to 5 meters in height. hemorrhoids. ovate. flowers white in axillary or terminal corymbose cymes. hepatitis and skin diseases. Indrayava : Kurchi : Kurchi. . Seed. Leaves simple. amoebiasis. aided in dispersion. Kalinga. ex Fleming). with silky hairs. dysentery. :Kuda : Holarrhena antidysenterica (Roxb. fruits long are pair of long follicles seeds long.
diarrhea. :Marorphali : Helicterus isora Linn. colic. hemorrhoids and diabetes. found in axillary clusters of 2-6 together. cordate. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. flowers red to grey colored. Root. wounds. fruits are cork screw type greenish brown colored. Leaves simple. Bark . Murva. obovate. : Sterculiaceae :Avartani.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A large shrub or small tree grows up to 5 meters in height. seeds numerous. Marodhaphali : East Indian screw tree : Marorphali : Fruits. Mrigasringi. flatulence. rough above and pubescent beneath. ulcers. alternate. serrate.
Br. . hemorrhoids and burning sensation. Sagaramekhala : Goat’s foot creeper : Dopatilata : Whole plant.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A trailing perennial herb grows extensively in sandy shores. Flowers large. : Convolvulaceae :Maryadavalli. wound ulcers. seeds 4 per capsule dark brown. purple. skin disease. inflammation. boils. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. alternate. solitary. Leaves lobed. fruits ovoid capsule. glabrous with parallel venation. : Maryadavalli : Ipomoea pes-caprae (Linn) R.
root are aeranchymatous hairy and long. showy. English : Water hyacinth Hindi : Plavakolpala Useful part : Whole plant. . Ulpala.DESCRIPTION Local name :Plavakolpala Botanical name : Eichhornia crassipes (Mart) Solms-Laub. HABIT A rapidly spreading floating water plant. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. rhomboid. burning sensation. and general debility. swelling. hemorrhage. Family : Pontederiaceae SANSKRIT :Plavaka. Fruits are cylindrical. petiole swells to form an air filled capsule. contain many seeds. violent-blue colored. in a whorl. Flowers in long terminal spike. goiter. Leaves simple.
The flowers are 13-16 mm long. Sri Lanka and SE Asia. and 5-6 mm diameter. tonic and cooling.7-1. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant is considered alterative. Flowering: March–June.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi HABIT :Launkia : Monochoria hastata : Pontederiaceae (Pickerel weed family) :Nukha : Arrow Leaf Pondweed. the other 5 anthers are yellow and c.2 m long. . The seed capsule is 7 mm long.60 flowers is in a dense spike 6-9 cm long. 6 mm long. This species occurs in India. extending to New Guinea and Australia. One anther is coloured blue. The basal leaves are arrow-shaped. Rhizomes are powdered with charcoal and used for scurf. arrow-leaf :Launkia Arrow-leaf Pondweed is an emergent aquatic herb with stems approximately 0. c. Arrow-leaf Pondweed is often grown as an ornamental in water gardens. Juice of leaves is applied to boils. purple or whitish. The inflorescence of 25. 4 mm long. and the entire plant except its roots is eaten in India.
brownish follicles. Madhunasini. opposite.Br. fruits slender. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. Meshasringi. : Gudmar : Gymnema sylvestre (Retz. Leaves simple. yellow in umbellate cymes.) R. : Periploca of the woods : Gud-mar. woody climber. constipation. renal and vesical calculi. axillary.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A large. hepato-splenomegaly. flowers small. Merasingi : Whole plant . asthma and leukoderma. : Asclepiadaceae :Ajasringi. pointed at the end. elliptic.
acuminate. Fruits. vata. flatulence. elliptic or lanceolate. Leaves simple. flowers greenish white seen in terminal or axillary lax panicled racemes. upper surface shiny. Embilia : Vayavidanga : Root. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. colic. Krimighna. fruits grayish berries. Vella. Krimiripu : Wawrung. Vilanga. become dark brown when ripe. alternate. : Vayavidanga : Embelia ribes Burm. containing single. bronchitis. globose seed. asthma. migraine. nerviness weakness.f. : Myrsinaceae :Vidanga. constipation. Leaves. skin diseases. fever and general weakness.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A large semi climber shrub with long drooping branches. cough. . entire. intestinal worms.
vata. : Euphorbiaceae :Snuhi. It pacifies vitiated blood. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. asides and stomach distension. toxin. Fruits are capsule. asthma. Dhusar : Latex. Leaves are very small. Samandadudga : Round Spurge : Sehunda. Root. 6-8 cm length. skin diseases. Stems are green colored. Flowers are greenish yellow. Fruits . . often leaves are absent in matured stems. edema. : Dhusar : Euphorbia tirucalli Linn.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A shrub grows up to 9 meters in height. round and latex can be found everywhere. Plant flowers very rarely.
DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family Sanskrit English Hindi Useful part HABIT An evergreen. . Adahu. Leaves ovatelanceolate. Unripe fruit cause vitiation of tradeshow and rate. Likucha. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata and pitta. burning sensation and sexual weakness. and aphrodisiac. Leaves. : Dhahu : Artocarpus hirsutus Lam. Ripe fruits are cooling. anorexia. seeds woody. flowers are unisexual. Dahu. covered with spines all around. tall tree grows up to 75 meters in height. : Moraceae : Lakucha. about 10 cm radius. and cause indigestion and impotency. stipulate and hairy. Iravatam : Wild jack : Vadahar : Fruit. male female flowers are seen in single tree. fruits globose. pimples and ulcers. Bark cures diarrhea. Bark. bark grayish brown. small and are embedded in the yellow edible pulp.
vomiting. aphrodisiac. blood related disorders etc. jaundice and asthma. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES The rhizomes of the plants are used for the treatment of decline in strength.5 cm. This can form a cute miniature plant pot in your room. tips sometimes rooting. tonic. According to Ayurveda. fatigue. root is heating.DESCRIPTION Local name : Kali musli Botanical name : Curculigo orchioides Family : Liliaceae (Lily family) Sanskrit : Syaha musli English : Orchid palm grass Hindi : Kali musli Useful part : Root HABIT Kali Musli is a herbaceous tuberous perennial with a short or elongate root stock bearing several fleshy lateral roots. fattening and useful in treatment of piles. During flowering period it open a golden yellow flower at the leaf base every day. alternative. appetizer. antipyretic and useful in bronchitis. diarrhea. biliousness. indigestion. According to Unman system of medicine. lumbago. aphrodisiac. hydrophobia. gleets. . It has hardy leaves and can take shade: the leaves will just get a bit longer in the shade than in full sun shine. linear or linear lanceolate.3-2. Leaves sessile or petiolate 15-45x1. ophthalmic. root is carminative. clavate. joint pains etc. scape very short. gonorrhea.
Bansooran Useful part : Corms. dysmenorrhea. Vajrakanta. containing 2-3 small seeds. male and female flower are in single inflorescence. anorexia. pointed spathe.sylvaticus Kunth) Family : Araceae SANSKRIT :Vanasoorana. leaflets or variable size. hemorrhoids. . inflammation. hemorrhage. cough. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. Hindi : Vansooran. large. bright red when ripe. single. HABIT A perennial erect herb with hemispherical underground corm.DESCRIPTION Local name : Bansooran Botanical name : Amorphophallus dubius BI (A. sexual weakness and general debility. stout petioles. Kanana kanda English : Wild yam. Leaves compound. covered with wide. vomiting. amenorrhea. fruits berries. arthritis. kapha.
cordate. Kakamari : Levant berry. flowers greenish in long panicles. bronchitis. Leaves. globes. ulcer. : Menispermaceae :Garalaphala. alternate. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A large woody climber grows spreading over large trees. Fruits drupes. arises from the nodes of old stem. long petioled. chronic skin diseases. : Kakamari : Anamirta cocculus (Linn. cough and used for rapid evolution of uterus. white and turns dark purple when ripe. Fish berry : Kakamari : Fruits. vata. . Leaves simple. ovate.) Wight & Arn. inflammation.
ulcers. headache. urinary tract infections. dental caries and constipation. . dysentery. flowers gray colored. Leaves simple. very fragrant. diarrhea. : Bakul : Mimusops elengi Linn. wound. Fruits ovoid berries. containing 1-2 seeds per fruit. Gandhapushpa : Bullet-wood tree : Bakul. glabrous. opposite. Seeds. Maulsiri : Bark. found as solitary in leaf axils. pitta. oblong. acute or acuminate. leathery and wavy margins.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A moderate sized evergreen tree grows up to 15 meters in height. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. Flower Fruits. : Sapotaceae :Bakula.
X. Hindi : chota dhatura. stout. Flowering: August-September. poisonous bites of insects. anathematic.DESCRIPTION Local name :chota dhatura Botanical name : Xanthium strumarium Family : Asteraceae Sanskrit : arishta English : Common Cocklebur. numerous. Common Cocklebur is an annual herb with a short. broad bur. . with 2 hooked beaks and hooked bristles. complexion. Flower heads occur in racemes in leaf axils or at the end of branches. Stems turn maroon to black when mature. digestive. covered with hooked bristles. fattening. and memory. and improves appetite. ghaghra HABIT All of us have known this plant from our childhood. The fruits are covered with numerous hooks and kids have fun throwing it at people and sticking it to their woolen clothing. chota gokhuru. female ovoid. with an elliptic or egg shaped fruit clusters growing nestled around the stem. burdock datura. Fruit is bovid. enclosed in the hardened involucres. male upper most. light and bright green in color in an alternate pattern with irregular lobes and relatively inconspicuous teeth. is used as medicine. The flowers are white or green. laxative. According to Ayurveda. specially root and fruit. hairy stem. One can’t miss it when the seeds are ripe. antipyretic. strumarium is cooling. tonic. The plant has large and broad leaves. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES The whole plant. voice. It cures.
Pasugandha. ovoid berry. Asmarighna. leaves compound. fruits fleshy. Bark .DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A deciduous tree grows up to 7-9 m. kapha. flowers large. 5-13 cm long.) DC. :Barna : Crataeva magna (Lour. in dense terminal corymbs. greenish white. leaflets ovate. Tikta : Three-leaved caper : Barun.Barna : Leaves. seeds are embedded in pulp MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated vata. polygamous. renal and vesicle calculi. 3-foliate. height. asthma and bronchitis. stamens are longer than the petals. : Capparaceae :Varuna.
anorexia. Varida. Kuruvinda : Nut grass. :Motha : Cyperus rotundus Linn. indigestion. diarrhea. Motha : Root tuber. : Cyperaceae :Musta. flat. . Leaves crowded in the base. spikelets in compound umbels. Mustaka. Increases and purifies breast milk. and urinary retention.DESCRIPTION Local name Botanical name Family SANSKRIT English Hindi Useful part HABIT A perennial grass grows up to 30 cm of height. pitta. one nerved. Coco grass : Nagarmotha. linear. Khana. MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Plant pacifies vitiated kapha. acuminate. about 10-20 cm long. fever. Nut grayish black colored.