SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.

Figure 4.1 Using Figure 4.1, match the following: 1) Supports and protects; stores calcium. 2) Forms tendons and ligaments. 3) Supports and protects; insulates against heat loss; reserve source of fuel. 4) Provides tensile strength with the ability to absorb compressive shock. 5) Composed of cells in a fluid matrix. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)

1

Figure 4.2 Using Figure 4.2, match the following: 6) Simple cuboidal epithelium. 7) Cardiac muscle. 8) Simple squamous epithelium. 9) Stratified squamous epithelium. 10) Skeletal muscle.

6) 7) 8) 9) 10)

2

MATCHING. A) Endothelium B) Mucous membrane 11) 12) C) Cutaneous membrane D) Serous membrane 13) 14) 15) 16) A) Reticular tissue B) Hyaline cartilage C) Mesenchyme D) Elastic cartilage 17) 18) 19) 20) 21) A) Weak regenerative ability B) Moderate regenerative ability C) Regenerates extremely well D) Moderate regenerative ability. 15) Makes up the pleura and pericardium. Choose the item in column 2 that best matches each item in column 1. 21) Forms internal supporting framework of soft organs such as the spleen. 19) Embryonic connective tissue that arises from mesoderm and produces all types of connective tissues. 18) Forms much of the fetal skeleton and covers the articular surfaces of long bones. 16) Lines blood vessels and the heart. Match the following: 17) Structural support of the external ear and other structures that need support with flexibility. 12) The epithelial membrane that lines body cavities open to the exterior. Match the regeneration capacity of the following tissues: 22) Smooth muscle. 23) Skeletal muscle. Match the following: 11) The epithelial membrane that lines the closed ventral cavities of the body. 25) Areolar connective tissue. 13) Consists of keratinized stratified squamous epithelium. 24) Cardiac muscle. E) Virtually no functional regenerative ability 22) 23) 24) 25) 26) 3 . 20) Source of new cells in mature connective tissue. 14) Found lining the digestive and respiratory tracts. 26) Tendons and ligaments.

Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false. 36) Endothelium covers and lines internal cavities such as the pleural and peritoneal cavities. 40) The basic difference between dense irregular and dense regular connective tissues is in the amount of elastic fibers and adipose cells present. that is. while most epithelial tissues do not. 34) Depending on the functional state of the bladder. 31) Goblet cells are found with pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium. 30) Macrophages are found in areolar and lymphatic tissues. 37) Merocrine glands produce their secretions by accumulating their secretions internally and then rupturing the cell. they have a free surface and a basal surface. 27) 28) 29) 30) 31) 32) 33) 34) 35) 36) 37) 38) 39) 40) 41) 42) 43) 44) 45) 46) 4 . 38) Salivary glands exhibit simple tubuloalveolar glandular arrangement. This and all tendons are composed mainly of dense irregular connective tissue. 27) The shock. 39) Connective tissues that possess a large quantity of collagen fibers often provide the framework for organs such as the spleen and lymph nodes. and anorectal junction. 42) Cartilage tissue tends to heal less rapidly than bone tissue. 41) A major characteristic of fibrocartilage is its unique amount of flexibility and elasticity. 33) Simple cuboidal epithelia are usually associated with secretion and absorption. larynx. 35) Stratified cuboidal epithelium is moderately rare in the body and found only in the pharynx. transitional epithelium may resemble stratified squamous or stratified cuboidal epithelium. 28) Brown fat is frequently deposited between the shoulder blades of infants. 29) Achilles was wounded by damage to the tendon connecting his calf muscles to his heel. 44) Smooth muscle cells possess central nuclei but lack striations. 45) Most connective tissues have regenerative capacity.absorbing pads between the vertebrae are formed of fibrocartilage.TRUE/FALSE. 46) Squamous cells are flattened and scalelike when mature. 43) Intercalated discs and striations are found in skeletal muscle. 32) Epithelial tissues always exhibit polarity.

insulation. and protection. 48) Sweat glands are apocrine glands. A) compound alveolar B) simple tubular C) compound tubular D) simple alveolar 59) What feature characterizes simple columnar epithelium of the digestive tract? A) cilia B) a rich vascular supply C) dense microvilli D) fibroblasts 60) Pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium ________. MULTIPLE CHOICE. B) It has more elastic fibers. A) hydroxyapatite crystals B) reticular fibers C) elastic fibers D) collagen fibers 54) What tissue has lacunae. 56) Epithelial tissue ________. A) is highly vascularized C) has a basement membrane 54) 55) 56) B) is usually acellular D) contains a number of neuron types 57) 57) Which of the following would be of most importance to goblet cells and other glandular epithelium? A) microvilli B) lysosomes C) multiple nuclei D) Golgi bodies 58) Mammary glands exhibit a glandular type called ________. 52) Which of the following is not found in the matrix of cartilage but is in bone? A) live cells B) lacunae C) organic fibers 47) 48) 49) 50) 51) 52) D) blood vessels 53) 53) The reason that intervertebral discs exhibit a large amount of tensile strength to absorb shock is because they possess ________. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. A) possesses no goblet cells B) lines the respiratory tract C) is not an epithelial classification D) aids in digestion 58) 59) 60) 5 . and blood vessels? A) osseous tissue B) cartilage tissue C) areolar tissue D) fibrocartilaginous tissue 55) How is hyaline cartilage different from elastic or fibrocartilage? A) It is more vascularized. 50) Blood is considered a type of connective tissue. calcium salts.47) Functions of connective tissues include binding. 51) Nervous tissue consists mainly of neurons and collagen fibers. D) Fibers are not normally visible. C) It contains more nuclei. support. 49) Endocrine glands are often called ducted glands.

D) Simple epithelia are commonly found in areas of high abrasion. A) reticular B) collagen C) muscle 65) 66) D) elastic 67) 67) Organized groups of cells (plus their intercellular substances) that have a common purpose form a(n) ________. A) organism B) organ C) organ system D) tissue 68) The shape of the external ear is maintained by ________. A) adipose tissue B) elastic cartilage C) fibrocartilage D) hyaline cartilage 69) Inability to absorb digested nutrients and secrete mucus might indicate a disorder in which tissue? A) stratified squamous B) simple columnar C) simple squamous D) transitional 70) Glands. A) cells and fibers C) ground substance and cells 61) 62) B) primarily concerned with secretion D) usually lines a body cavity 63) B) all organic compounds D) fibers and ground substance 64) 64) Cell types likely to be seen in areolar connective tissue include all except ________.celled layer of epithelium that forms the lining of serous membranes? A) simple transitional B) simple squamous C) simple cuboidal D) simple columnar 62) Which statement best describes connective tissue? A) usually contains a large amount of matrix C) always arranged in a single layer of cells 63) Matrix is composed of ________. 68) 69) 70) 71) 6 .61) Which of the following is a single. C) Pseudostratified epithelia are commonly keratinized. that secrete their products directly into the blood rather than through ducts are classified as ________. such as the thyroid. A) mast cells B) fibroblasts C) chondrocytes D) macrophages 65) Which tissue type arises from all three embryonic germ layers? A) connective tissue B) epithelial tissue C) muscle tissue D) nervous tissue 66) The fiber type that gives connective tissue great tensile strength is ________. A) exocrine B) endocrine C) ceruminous D) sebaceous 71) Which of the following is true about epithelia? A) Endothelium provides a slick surface lining all hollow cardiovascular organs. B) Stratified epithelia are associated with filtration.

A) Stratified cuboidal B) Transitional C) Stratified columnar D) Pseudostratified columnar 74) A multilayered epithelium with cuboidal basal cells and flat cells at its surface would be classified as ________. but repair themselves. A) is formed of epithelium and smooth muscle B) contains simple or stratified epithelia and a basement membrane C) usually involves transitional epithelium D) never contains mucus. D) Apocrine cells are destroyed. but all the cells are in contact with the basement membrane. A) simple cuboidal B) transitional C) stratified squamous D) simple squamous 75) An epithelial membrane ________. C) Merocrine glands are not altered by the secretory process.forming cells 76) Multicellular exocrine glands can be classified ________. then replaced. 78) Which of these is not considered connective tissue? A) adipose B) muscle 79) What are glycosaminoglycans? A) negatively charged proteins C) negatively charged polysaccharides 80) Which is true concerning muscle tissue? A) cuboidal shape enhances function B) highly cellular and well vascularized C) contains contractile units made of collagen D) is a single.celled tissue 72) 73) 74) 75) 76) 77) 78) C) blood D) cartilage 79) B) positively charged polysaccharides D) positively charged proteins 80) 7 . after secretion. holocrine. A) structurally into vascular and avascular types B) functionally into merocrine.72) Chondroblasts ________. B) Holocrine cells are slightly damaged by the secretory process. and apocrine divisions C) functionally into secreting or nonsecreting types D) structurally into alveolar and acinar types 77) Which of the following is true about the mode of secretion of exocrine glands? A) These glands are ductless. A) are mature cartilage cells located in spaces called lacunae B) located deep to the perichondrium divide and secrete new matrix on the internal portions of the cartilage C) within the cartilage divide and secrete new matrix D) never lose their ability to divide 73) ________ epithelium appears to have two or three layers of cells.

B) It is composed mostly of extracellular matrix. C) Its primary function is nutrient storage. D) Compound glands are so called because they are constructed from more than one cell type. A) The clot is formed from dried blood and transposed collagen fibers. 86) Select the correct statement regarding tissue repair. C) Reticular fibers form thick. A) Most of the cell volume is occupied by the nucleus. A) Stratified epithelia are present where protection from abrasion is important. C) Connective tissue does not contain cells. chondroblasts. A) Connective tissue cells are nondividing. 89) Which cells are commonly found wedged between simple columnar epithelial cells? A) goblet cells B) macrophages C) mast cells D) cilia 81) 82) 83) 84) 85) 86) 87) 88) 89) 8 . and reticular fibers B) alveoli. elastin. 85) Select the correct statement regarding the cells of connective tissue. and cells 84) Which of the following statements is true of connective tissue? A) Collagen fibers provide high tensile strength. collagen gives it the ability to snap back. B) Pseudostratified epithelia consist of at least two layers of cells stacked on top of one another. A) Exocrine glands always lack ducts. fibers. C) Merocrine glands release their secretion by pinching off part of the cell. B) Granulation tissue is another name for a blood clot. D) Inflammation causes capillaries to dilate and become permeable. and secretory cells C) fibroblasts. narrow cells. and osteoblasts D) ground substance. ropelike structures. D) Simple epithelia form impermeable barriers. B) Chondroblasts are the main cell type of connective tissue proper. C) Granulation tissue is highly susceptible to infection. fibrous capsule.81) The first step in tissue repair involves ________. B) The secretory cells of holocrine glands release their product by rupturing. 88) Select the correct statement regarding adipose tissue. 83) What are the three main components of connective tissue? A) collagen. 87) Select the correct statement regarding epithelia. D) Elastin fibers are sometimes called white fibers. C) Stratified epithelia are tall. actively dividing cells. D) Mature adipose cells are highly mitotic. A) replacement of destroyed tissue by the same kind of cells B) inflammation C) formation of scar tissue D) proliferation of fibrous connective tissue 82) Select the correct statement regarding multicellular exocrine glands. B) When connective tissue is stretched. D) "Blast" cells are undifferentiated.

91) In adults. has intercalated discs. A) reticular B) dense regular C) embryonic 90) 91) 92) D) areolar SHORT ANSWER. 102) What distinguishes cancer cells from the cells of benign neoplasms? 103) Macrophage. C) The health of an individual does not seem to make any difference in the speed of repair. 97) The uppermost layer of skin is composed of ________. 94) Cardiac muscle tissue is single nucleated.90) Select the correct statement regarding factors that affect the tissue repair process. and is ________. 95) ________ muscle cells are multinucleated. new surface epithelial cells and the epithelial cells lining the intestine are derived from _________. 98) Kidney tubules are composed of ________ epithelium.like cells are found in many different tissues. 101) The salivary glands are a good example of a(n) ________ exocrine gland. B) The age of the person is a factor in the repair process. A) The type of tissue injured is not an important factor. and may have specific names that reflect their location or specializations. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. 96) ________ live in the lacunae of cartilage. 99) Multiple rows of cells covering a tissue in which the cells are the same shape from the basement membrane to the surfaces would be ________ epithelia. 93) ________ tissue forms the framework for the lamina propria of mucous membranes. A) components of the connective tissue B) stem cells C) underlying epithelial cells D) mitotic division of existing epithelial cells 92) Mesenchymal cells are most commonly found in ________ connective tissue. 100) All epithelial tissue rests upon a(n) ________ composed of connective tissue. D) Nutrition does not seem to influence tissue repair. What is the one functional characteristic common to all macrophage.like cells? 93) 94) 95) 96) 97) 98) 99) 100) 101) 102) 103) 9 .

how can adults gain weight? 106) Tendon tears or breaks are difficult to repair both physiologically and surgically. What is this condition and what did it affect? 115) In adult humans. Write your answer in the space provided or on a separate sheet of paper. 3.104) All of the following statements refer to events of tissue repair. she was told she had pleurisy. had been smoking heavily for 24 years and had a persistent cough. the injury.year. most cancers are carcinomas or adenocarcinomas. Macrophages engulf and clean away cellular debris. The skin receives a cut that penetrates into the dermis and bleeding begins. colon.old woman is admitted to the hospital for surgical removal of a tumor on her thyroid gland. lung. a 72. Which of the four basic tissue types is involved? Why do you think this is so? 116) Explain why an open wound would need a bed of granulation tissue for wound healing to occur. 104) 105) Since mature adipocytes do not divide. 6. Blood clotting occurs and stops the blood flow. Epithelial regeneration is nearly complete. 2. She had trouble breathing for several weeks. wound healing is delayed. Why? 107) How is epithelial tissue the opposite of connective tissue? 108) What is a simple method of telling the difference between stratified squamous epithelium and transitional epithelium? 109) How is blood unique among connective tissues? 110) What are the primary germ layers during embryonic development and what do they ultimately produce? 111) Explain what is meant by epithelial tissue being avascular but innervated.year. Fibroblasts elaborate connective tissue fibers to span the break. How could this be possible? 113) John. These include cancers of the skin. and prostate. is already indicated as number one. Granulation tissue is formed. Why? 10 .old grandfather. How could this happen considering the natural cleaning mechanism of the respiratory system? 114) Aunt Jessie woke up one morning with excruciating pain in her chest. Put the events in proper numbered order according to the sequence of occurrence. The scar retracts. Following a visit to the doctor. 7. A biopsy of his lung tissue revealed considerable amounts of carbon particles. 1. 117) Without macrophages. The initial event. 105) 106) 107) 108) 109) 110) 111) 112) A 45. 4. ESSAY. The surgeon informs her that she will have only a very small scar. breast. 5.

119) Explain why an infection may occur in a tissue injury.old model for Glamour magazine tripped over an extension cord.118) A 6. causing injury to her epidermis.year. She is afraid the injury will leave a scar. what would you say to this patient? 11 . Based on your knowledge of regeneration.old child fell off his bike and scraped his knee.year. 120) Describe local clinical signs and symptoms of the inflammatory stage of wound healing. 121) A 19. Describe the first stage of wound healing.

1 -5 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 135 6) B ID: hap8 4.1 -15 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 138 16) A ID: hap8 4.1 -12 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 138 13) C ID: hap8 4.3b 7) C ID: hap8 4.1 -6 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 118.1 -16 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 117 12 .3a 9) D ID: hap8 4.1 -4 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 132 5) E ID: hap8 4.10b 8) A ID: hap8 4.1 -1 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 133 2) B ID: hap8 4.10a 11) D ID: hap8 4. Fig.Answer Key Testname: UNTITLED5 1) D ID: hap8 4.1 -11 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 138 12) B ID: hap8 4. Fig.1 -8 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 117. Fig.3e 10) E ID: hap8 4.1 -3 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 128 4) C ID: hap8 4. 4.1 -9 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 120. 4. 4.1 -2 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 129 3) A ID: hap8 4. 4. Fig. 4. Fig.1 -10 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 136.1 -14 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 138 15) D ID: hap8 4.1 -7 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 137.1 -13 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 138 14) B ID: hap8 4.

2 -3 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 129 30) TRUE ID: hap8 4. Fig.1 -25 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 141 26) B ID: hap8 4.Answer Key Testname: UNTITLED5 17) D ID: hap8 4.1 -26 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 141 27) TRUE ID: hap8 4.8g 19) C ID: hap8 4.1 -21 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 128.1 -20 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 126 21) A ID: hap8 4. 4.2 -5 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 119 32) TRUE ID: hap8 4.8h 18) B ID: hap8 4.1 -17 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 132. 4.8c 22) D ID: hap8 4. Fig. 4.1 -24 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 141 25) C ID: hap8 4. Fig.2 -4 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 126 31) TRUE ID: hap8 4.2 -6 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 115 13 .2 -1 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 133 28) TRUE ID: hap8 4.1 -19 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 126 20) C ID: hap8 4.1 -23 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 141 24) E ID: hap8 4.2 -2 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 127 29) FALSE ID: hap8 4.1 -18 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 131.1 -22 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 141 23) A ID: hap8 4.

4.2 -15 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 133 42) TRUE ID: hap8 4.2 -7 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 117 34) TRUE ID: hap8 4.2 -21 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 124 48) FALSE ID: hap8 4. Fig.2 -12 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 123.2 -19 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 116 46) TRUE ID: hap8 4.2 -18 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 136 45) FALSE ID: hap8 4.2 -17 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 136 44) TRUE ID: hap8 4.2 -16 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 131 43) FALSE ID: hap8 4.2 -9 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 119 36) FALSE ID: hap8 4.Answer Key Testname: UNTITLED5 33) TRUE ID: hap8 4.2 -13 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 129 40) FALSE ID: hap8 4.2 -22 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 121 14 .2 -20 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 116 47) TRUE ID: hap8 4.2 -11 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 122 38) FALSE ID: hap8 4.2 -8 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 121 35) FALSE ID: hap8 4.6 39) FALSE ID: hap8 4.2 -10 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 138 37) FALSE ID: hap8 4.2 -14 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 129 41) FALSE ID: hap8 4.

3 -11 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 124 63) D ID: hap8 4.3 -9 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 119 61) B ID: hap8 4. 4. Fig 4.3 -8 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 117 -118 60) B ID: hap8 4.Answer Key Testname: UNTITLED5 49) FALSE ID: hap8 4.3 -6 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 121. Fig. 136 52) D ID: hap8 4.5 59) C ID: hap8 4.3 -4 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 131 56) C ID: hap8 4.3 -1 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 133 53) D ID: hap8 4.3 -2 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 133 54) A ID: hap8 4.2 -25 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 134.3 -10 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 117 62) A ID: hap8 4.3 -13 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 126 15 .3 -3 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 133 55) D ID: hap8 4.2 -24 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 133 51) FALSE ID: hap8 4.3 -7 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 123.3 -5 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 116 57) D ID: hap8 4.4 58) A ID: hap8 4.2 -23 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 121 50) TRUE ID: hap8 4.3 -12 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 124 64) C ID: hap8 4.

3 -17 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 133 69) B ID: hap8 4.3 -26 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 122 78) B ID: hap8 4.3 -16 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 114 68) B ID: hap8 4.3 -19 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 121 71) A ID: hap8 4.3 -24 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 116 76) B ID: hap8 4.3 -23 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 119 75) B ID: hap8 4.3 -28 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 124 80) B ID: hap8 4.3 -22 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 119 74) C ID: hap8 4.3 -27 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 124 79) C ID: hap8 4.Answer Key Testname: UNTITLED5 65) B ID: hap8 4.3 -25 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 121 -122 77) C ID: hap8 4.3 -20 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 117 72) C ID: hap8 4.3 -15 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 126 67) D ID: hap8 4.3 -14 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 115 66) B ID: hap8 4.3 -18 Diff: 3 Points: 1 Page Ref: 117 -118 70) B ID: hap8 4.3 -21 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 131 73) D ID: hap8 4.3 -29 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 136 16 .

3 -39 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 138 -141 91) B ID: hap8 4.Answer Key Testname: UNTITLED5 81) B ID: hap8 4.3 -30 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 138 -139 82) B ID: hap8 4.3 -31 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 121 -122 83) D ID: hap8 4.4 -4 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 131 17 .3 -38 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 117 90) B ID: hap8 4.3 -41 Diff: 1 Points: 1 ID: hap8 4.3 -40 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 144 92) C ID: hap8 4.3 -33 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 125 85) D ID: hap8 4.4 -1 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 126 93) Areolar or loose connective Page Ref: 126 94) branched ID: hap8 4.3 -36 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 116 88) C ID: hap8 4.4 -2 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 136 95) Skeletal ID: hap8 4.4 -3 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 136 96) Chondrocytes ID: hap8 4.3 -35 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 138 -139 87) A ID: hap8 4.3 -34 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 125 -126 86) D ID: hap8 4.3 -37 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 127 89) A ID: hap8 4.3 -32 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 124 -125 84) A ID: hap8 4.

Epithelial tissue has no fibers and it tends to be polar. Epithelial tissue is avascular. ID: hap8 4.4 -6 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 117 99) transitional ID: hap8 4. This type of tissue has relatively few cells and vascular supply is poor.4 -12 Diff: 2 Points: 1 ID: hap8 4.4 -7 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 121 100) basement membrane ID: hap8 4. which consists of densely packed.4 -10 Diff: 3 Points: 1 Page Ref: 115 -116 101) compound tubuloalveolar Page Ref: 123.4 -17 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 133 18 . The cells change their shape according to the pressure applied. Page Ref: 127 106) Tendons are composed of dense regular connective tissue. Because of the structure of the tissue.4 -11 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 126 104) 1 -4 . surgical repair can be compared to attempting to suture two bristle brushes together. epithelial tissue does not.4 -5 Diff: 1 Points: 1 Page Ref: 119 98) simple cuboidal ID: hap8 4.5 102) metastasis and invasiveness Page Ref: 142 103) phagocytosis ID: hap8 4. the cells are loose.Answer Key Testname: UNTITLED5 97) keratinized stratified squamous epithelium ID: hap8 4. The cells of connective tissue vary greatly in shape and size. and it attaches to several gasses.4 -9 Diff: 2 Points: 1 ID: hap8 4. ID: hap8 4. Connective tissue glues other tissues together and has three fiber types. 4. causing the cell to gain or lose volume. Transitional epithelium has cells that are pretty much the same shape from the basement membrane to the surface. and other substances. consequently. waste products. the fibers are soluble.4 -16 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 119. Fig.4 -13 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 138 -140 105) Adipocytes contain a fat-filled vacuole that can fill or empty. 121 109) Blood does not give mechanical support. 124 108) Stratified squamous epithelium changes cell shape from the basement membrane to the surface. repair is slow. ID: hap8 4. Connective tissue has a large amount of ground substance. Epithelial tissue has three cell types that cover or line things and make tubes.3 -7 . it carries nutrients. At the basement membrane the cells tend to be columnar or cuboidal and flatten out as they work their way to the surface.2 ID: hap8 4. ID: hap8 4. The surface cells are generally the largest cells. parallel connective tissue fibers.4 -15 Diff: 3 Points: 1 Page Ref: 115 -116. Connective tissue tends to be nonpolar. its matrix is fluid.6 -5 .4 -14 Diff: 3 Points: 1 Page Ref: 129 107) In epithelial tissue the cells are packed together very tightly.4 -8 Diff: 1 Points: 1 ID: hap8 4. Connective tissue has cells spaced far apart and is highly vascular (except cartilage).

the nervous system.5 -4 Diff: 3 Points: 1 Page Ref: 142 -143 116) Granulation tissue contains capillaries that grow in nearby areas and lay down a new capillary bed. the serosal membranes covering the lungs and lining the thoracic wall. Anything that inhibits this mechanism would allow foreign substances to remain in the tract. ID: hap8 4.5 -9 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 138 120) Pain. This means the wound bed has a meshwork of capillaries that provide oxygen. 4. ID: hap8 4. irregularly shaped cells that act as key defenders that avidly phagocytize a broad variety of foreign materials. swelling.5 -7 Diff: 3 Points: 1 Page Ref: 138 -139 119) The skin is the largest organ in the body and protects underlying tissues from injury by preventing the passage of microorganisms. This "big eater" also disposes of dead tissue cells. ID: hap8 4. redness. the amount of granulation (scar.5 -3 Diff: 3 Points: 1 Page Ref: 138 115) Epithelium gives rise to most cancers. characterized by hemostasis (cessation of bleeding) and formation of blood clots and phagocytosis by leukocytes and macrophages. and all tubes opening to the outside. leading to more opportunity for damage to growth control mechanisms. and because epithelia are more often in contact with environmental insults such as ultraviolet radiation and carcinogens. ID: hap8 4.13 111) Epithelial tissue contains no blood vessels but is supplied by nerve fibers.5 -8 Diff: 2 Points: 1 ID: hap8 4. The skin and the mucous membranes are considered the body's first line of defense.5 -6 Diff: 3 Points: 1 Page Ref: 126 118) The first stage is the inflammatory stage. Pain is caused by the irritation and friction as the lungs rub against the walls of the cavity. ID: hap8 4. As the scar tissue beneath matures and contracts. ID: hap8 4. ID: hap8 4. Fig. The endoderm produces all internal organs. ID: hap8 4. The mesoderm produces muscles and connective tissue.4 -18 Diff: 2 Points: 1 ID: hap8 4.forming) tissue will be minimal. ranging from foreign molecules to entire bacteria to dust particles.5 -5 Diff: 3 Points: 1 Page Ref: 138 -140 117) Macrophages are large. Page Ref: 138 -139 19 . Page Ref: 116 112) By making a thin incision. allowing for granulation tissue to form.rich blood to the wound for healing. This is probably because epithelial cells divide more.5 -2 Diff: 3 Points: 1 Page Ref: 115 114) Pleurisy is an inflammation of the pleura.5 -1 Diff: 3 Points: 1 Page Ref: 138 -140 113) The sweeping action of the ciliated epithelium is essential in order to propel inhaled dust and other debris out of the respiratory tract.Answer Key Testname: UNTITLED5 110) The ectoderm produces skin. allowing carbon particles found in smoke to remain in the lungs. the layer of epithelium thickens and resembles the adjacent tissue. and heat. ID: hap8 4. which helps to clean out the wound. Chemicals such as nicotine may inhibit the action of the cilia. The final result may be only a fine white line. which may cause damage.4 -19 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 141.

Scaring would be minimal.Answer Key Testname: UNTITLED5 121) Regeneration is the replacement of destroyed tissue cells by cells that are identical or similar in structure and function.5 -10 Diff: 2 Points: 1 Page Ref: 141 20 . ID: hap8 4. if there are no complications such as infection.

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