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ENGH 121-122 | 2013-2014 Winter Break Vocabulary Below are 125 words from the two

articles you must read during the winter break. Complete the chart (one for each article) by adding information about the part of speech (also called word form) and a definition for each term. Since many of the words can be used as different parts of speech, give the part of speech as it is used in the article (page numbers are listed). If you already know the meaning of the word, write a short definition of it. If you do not know a term or to confirm your knowledge, first use a dictionary to find definitions and synonyms, then write your definition in English in your own words using synonyms that you understand; in other words, write the shortest, most concise definitions you can so that they are easy to remember. For phrasal verbs and idioms try this site: http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/american-english/. For proper nouns, you may need to conduct an Internet search. For the words highlighted in yellow, see directions at the end of the list. Bring this completed chart to the first day of spring semester class.

Term 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. academia affirm Age of Reason analogy arbitrary assault beneficence betray cease chasten circumscribe colleague compassion conception confront constraint contemporary contingent corrupted cultivating cursory debris deception

Vocabulary for “The Consumerist Subversion of Education” by Michael Potts Source Part of Speech Definition The activities and work done at universities and colleges, or the teachers and Potts, p60 noun students involved in it Potts, p55 verb To state publicly that something is true / to strengthen a feeling, belief, or idea Potts, p58 proper noun An age at which a person is considered capable of making reasoned judgments Potts, p62 noun Something that seems similar between two situations, processes etc Potts, p56 adjective Decided or arranged without any reason or plan, often unfairly Potts, p55 noun The crime of physically attacking someone Potts, p57 adjective Helping people, or resulting in something good Potts, p63 verb To be disloyal to someone who trusts you so that they are harmed or upset Potts, p58 verb To stop doing something or stop happening Potts, p60 verb To make someone realize that their behaviour was wrong or mistaken Potts, p62 verb To limit power, rights, or abilities Potts, p54 noun Someone you work with, used especially by professional people Potts, p56 noun A strong feeling of sympathy for someone who is suffering, and a desire to help them Potts, p58 Potts, p57 Potts, p60 Potts, p62 Potts, p61 Potts, p63 Potts, p59 Potts, p57 Potts, p61 Potts, p58 noun verb noun adjective noun verb verb adjective noun noun An idea about what something is like, or a general understanding of something If a problem, difficulty etc confronts you, it appears and needs to be dealt with Something that limits your freedom to do what you want Belonging to the present time A group of people who all have something in common, such as their nationality, beliefs etc, and who are part of a larger group To encourage someone to start behaving in an immoral or dishonest way To prepare and use land for growing crops and plants Done very quickly without much attention to details The pieces of something that are left after it has been destroyed in an accident, explosion etc The act of deliberately making someone believe something that is not true

24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55.

deductive deny diffusing discourse discriminate disparity dispute dissemination dissent distort divine Enlightenment envision essential ethics extend fiscal foremost forgo forsaking fraud fraught fundamental grasp hypocrisy imparting in the red inadequacy incentive incidence inculcating inherently

Potts, p60 Potts, p58 Potts, p59 Potts, p61 Potts, p59 Potts, p57 Potts, p63 Potts, p60 Potts, p54 Potts, p62 Potts, p58 Potts, p60 Potts, p62 Potts, p55 Potts, p54 Potts, p55 Potts, p61 Potts, p62 Potts, p62 Potts, p56 Potts, p63 Potts, p55 Potts, p55 Potts, p59 Potts, p63 Potts, p59 Potts, p61 Potts, p56 Potts, p55 Potts, p62 Potts, p60 Potts, p57

adjective verb adjective verb verb noun noun verb noun verb adjective proper noun verb noun noun verb adjective adjective verb verb noun adjective adjective verb noun verb idiom noun noun noun verb adjective

Using the knowledge and information you have in order to understand or form an opinion about something To say that something is not true, or that you do not believe something Using a lot of words and not explaining things clearly and directly To make a long formal speech about something, or to discuss something seriously To treat a person or group differently from another in an unfair way A difference between two or more things, especially an unfair one A serious argument or disagreement To spread information or ideas to as many people as possible Refusal to agree with an official decision or accepted opinion To change the appearance, sound, or shape of something so that it is strange or unclear Coming from or relating to God or a god The act or a means of enlightening / The state of being enlightened To imagine something that you think might happen in the future, especially something that you think will be good Something that is necessary to do something or in a particular situation A general idea or belief that influences people's behaviour and attitudes To continue for a longer period of time, or to make something last longer Relating to money, taxes, debts etc that are owned and managed by the government The best or most important To not do or have something pleasant or enjoyable To leave someone, especially when you should stay because they need you The crime of deceiving people in order to gain something such as money or goods Full of problems, anxiety, or worry Relating to the most basic and important parts of something To take and hold something firmly When someone pretends to have certain beliefs or opinions that they do not really have - used to show disapproval To give a particular quality to something Spending more money than you earn A feeling that you are not as good, clever, skilled etc as other people Something that encourages you to work harder, start a new activity etc The number of times something happens, especially crime, disease etc To fix ideas, principles etc in someone's mind A quality that is inherent in something is a natural part of it and cannot be separated from it

56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83.

initiate inquiry integrity justify medieval mentality merely mill notion obtaining orthodoxy outlay oversight perpetration precede prestige presupposition prevalent pursue purveyor rationality reign render reputation requisite retaining revelation revenue

Potts, p56 Potts, p58 Potts, p56 Potts, p62 Potts, p60 Potts, p54 Potts, p55 Potts, p63 Potts, p60 Potts, p63 Potts, p54 Potts, p59 Potts, p63 Potts, p55 Potts, p57 Potts, p56 Potts, p60 Potts, p54 Potts, p56 Potts, p54 Potts, p60 Potts, p54 Potts, p56 Potts, p58 Potts, p60 Potts, p55 Potts, p58 Potts, p55

verb noun noun verb adjective noun adverb noun noun verb noun noun noun verb verb noun noun adjective verb noun noun noun verb noun noun verb noun noun

To arrange for something important to start, such as an official process or a new plan A question you ask in order to get information The quality of being honest and strong about what you believe to be right To give an acceptable explanation for something that other people think is unreasonable Very old or old-fashioned - used in a humorous or disapproving way A particular attitude or way of thinking, especially one that you think is wrong or stupid Used to emphasize how small or unimportant something or someone is To make someone answer a lot of difficult questions or do a lot of difficult things in order to test them An idea, belief, or opinion To get something that you want, especially through your own effort, skill, or work An idea or set of ideas that is accepted by most people to be correct and right The amount of money that you have to spend in order to start a new business, activity etc A mistake in which you forget something or do not notice something To do something that is morally wrong or illegal To happen or exist before something or someone, or to come before something else in a series The respect and admiration that someone or something gets because of their success or important position in society Something that you think is true, although you have no proof Common at a particular time, in a particular place, or among a particular group of people To continue doing an activity or trying to achieve something over a long period of time A business that supplies goods, services, or information The state or quality of being rational The period when someone is king, queen, or emperor To cause someone or something to be in a particular condition The opinion that people have about someone or something because of what has happened in the past Something that is needed for a particular purpose To keep something or continue to have something A surprising fact about someone or something that was previously secret and is now made known Money that a business or organization receives over a period of time, especially from selling goods or services

84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99. 100. 101. 102.

sacrosanct secular seeking stem stewardship subjective subsume sufficient supreme temptation theoretical tolerate ultimate utilitarian versatility violate virtue vital vulnerability

Potts, p56 Potts, p58 Potts, p58 Potts, p56 Potts, p61 Potts, p56 Potts, p61 Potts, p55 Potts, p54 Potts, p61 Potts, p59 Potts, p60 Potts, p59 Potts, p59 Potts, p60 Potts, p57 Potts, p56 Potts, p56 Potts, p57

adjective adjective verb verb noun adjective verb adjective adjective noun adjective verb adjective adjective adjective verb noun adjective adjective

Something that is sacrosanct is considered to be so important that no one is allowed to criticize or change it Not connected with or controlled by a church or other religious authority To try to achieve or get something To stop something from happening, spreading, or developing Someone’s stewardship of something is the way that they control or protect it A statement, report, attitude etc that is subjective is influenced by personal opinion and can therefore be unfair To include someone or something as a member of a group or type, rather than considering it separately As much as is needed for a particular purpose Having the highest position of power, importance, or influence A strong desire to have or do something even though you know you should not Relating to the study of ideas, especially scientific ideas, rather than with practical uses of the ideas or practical experience To allow people to do, say, or believe something without criticizing or punishing them Someone's ultimate aim is their main and most important aim, that they hope to achieve in the future Intended to be useful and practical rather than attractive or comfortable Someone who is versatile has many different skills To disobey or do something against an official agreement, law, principle etc Moral goodness of character and behaviour Extremely important and necessary for something to succeed or exist Susceptible to physical or emotional injury

103. 104. 105. 106. 107. 108. 109. 110. 111.

Term accrue aspiration borne burden conduct determinant factor in sync keen

Vocabulary for “Is College Worth It?” by Taylor et al Source Part of Speech Definition Taylor, p7 verb If advantages accrue to you, you get those advantages over a period of time Taylor, p7 noun A strong desire to have or achieve something Taylor, p9 verb To bravely accept or deal with a painful, difficult, or upsetting situation Taylor, p5 noun Something difficult or worrying that you are responsible for To carry out a particular activity or process, especially in order to get information Taylor, p5 verb or prove facts Taylor, p7 noun Something that strongly influences what you do or how you behave Taylor, p7 verb To divide a number into factors To work well together, to be in agreement, or to match well with something or Taylor, p6 idiom someone else Taylor, p6 adjective Wanting to do something or wanting something to happen very much

112. 113. 114. 115. 116. 117. 118. 119. 120. 121. 122. 123. 124. 125.

median overwhelm place (put) stock in predecessor relevant reveal roughly selectivity spot on stable steadily substantial trait work ethic

Taylor, p6 Taylor, p6 Taylor, p7 Taylor, p5 Taylor, p6 Taylor, p5 Taylor, p8 Taylor, p11 Taylor, p6 Taylor, p7 Taylor, p7 Taylor, p6 Taylor, p8 Taylor, p8

adjective verb idiom noun adjective verb adverb noun idiom noun adverb adjective noun noun

Being the middle number or measurement in a set of numbers or measurements that have been arranged in order If someone is overwhelmed by an emotion, they feel it so strongly that they cannot think Trust / to putclearly confidence in or attach importance to Someone who had your job before you started doing it Directly relating to the subject or problem being discussed or considered To make known something that was previously secret or unknown Not exactly The state or quality of being selective Exactly right A building where horses are kept In a firm or steady manner Large in amount or number A particular quality in someone's character A belief in the moral value and importance of work

SENTENCES: Below, please write a sentence for each of the 10 words highlighted in yellow. Your sentences must be complex (IC + DC, or DC + IC) or compound (IC + IC) sentences. No simple sentences. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Both sides of Germany affirm their commitment of reunification on 1990. He is major on a contemporary dance field. Discourse Fill out this form is not essential, but it is just optional. On inquiry, the news was false. He does not really pursue his goal, which is getting B on his final exam. My English class grade is sufficient to get over 2.0 GPA. She conducts a survey to get some information from ordinary people. They ended their relationship because one of them reveals other’s secret. I usually eat substantial fries on dinner and they make me unhealthy.