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Will Implementing an HIV/AIDS Education Component into Nursing Programs Improve the Quality of Care for HIV

/AIDS Patients?
Mary Jo Bullock, B.F., N.I., and N.L. Advisor: N.A., RN, PhD
HIV/AIDS emerged in the 1980’s amid speculation and misinformation, which rapidly disseminated due to fear of the unknown. The biases and stigmas that have taken root in society are difficult to eradicate and interfere with quality of care that is provided by nurses. Education and training for nurses can improve nurse attitudes and thereby, the quality of care for those diagnosed with HIV/AIDS (Mullins, 2009).

The purpose of the study is to test whether a nursing HIV/AIDS education and skills intervention will increase the quality of care of HIV/AIDS patients.

Design: A quasi-experimental, pre-post test design will be used. Sample: A convenience sampling technique will be implemented. Procedure: A self-administered questionnaire consisting of 30 survey questions will be completed by all participants. It will focus on HIV and AIDS related epidemiology and history, prevention, transmission, HIV treatment, patient counselling, and ethical considerations. The intervention will include lectures, group discussions, conversations with HIV-infected persons, and the distribution of written materials. A post-test will be conducted to evaluate the nurses’ knowledge immediately after the education/training to analyze the success of the intervention. Data Collection and Analysis: The survey results will be calculated before the educational training (pre-test) and directly after the intervention (post-test). A one-sample t-test will be used for data analysis.

The more knowledgeable nurses are, through education, skills, and training, the better the quality of care for HIV/AIDS patients.

Theoretical Framework
Swanson’s Caring Theory

The outcome of this study will benefit HIV/AIDS patients, nurses, health care managers, and the general public. Improved quality of care promotes lower transmission/new infection rates, and a reduction in HIV/AIDs related deaths.

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