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Carbon Dioxide (CO2): a colorless, odorless gas consisting of molecules made up of two oxygen atoms and one carbon

atom. Methane (CH4): a colorless, odorless non-toxic gas consisting of molecules made up of four hydrogen atoms and one carbon atom. Methane is combustible, and it is the main constituent of natural gas-a fossil fuel Nitrous Oxide (N2O): a colorless, non-flammable gas with a sweetish odor, commonly known as "laughing gas", and sometimes used as an anesthetic. Nitrous oxide is naturally produced in the oceans and in rainforests. Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6): an extremely potent greenhouse gas. SF6 is very persistent, with an atmospheric lifetime of more than a thousand years. Draw a diagram and label to EXPLAIN the greenhouse effect: Explain how the Carbon Cycle is involved in global climate change:

What are Carbon SOURCES and SINKS? - Carbon dioxide is produced when an organic carbon compound (such as wood) or fossilized organic matter, (such as coal, oil, or natural gas) is burned in the presence of oxygen. Seawater is also a source. - Carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere by carbon dioxide "sinks", such as absorption by seawater and photosynthesis by ocean-dwelling plankton and land plants, including forests and grasslands How does deforestation increase the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere? Explain. - Trees are a large source of oxygen and also remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. by cutting down trees, you limit the amount of carbon dioxide being removed from the air and, usually, the trees are burnt after being cut down in a 'chop and burn' method, this releases the carbon in the tree which reacts with oxygen because of the heat and moving into the atmosphere.

How do the oceans absorb excess CO2 from the atmosphere and how does this affect the oceans? - Large surface area of the oceans and the high solubility of carbon dioxide in water (which creates carbonic acid), the oceans store very large amounts of carbon, about 50 times more than is in the atmosphere or terrestrial biosphere. Each year, some of that carbon is released to the atmosphere, and a similar amount is taken back up into the oceans. There are profound implications on marine ecosystems due to the increasing acidity of the oceans. Explain how the industrial revolution has increased the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. - Because they started to build factories that led out a lot of CO2 According to the graph, which country is the biggest contributor to global carbon emissions worldwide? - China