Patent Co-operation Treaty

By Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala Brain League IP Services

© 2009 Brain League IP Services Pvt. Ltd

Background
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1978 - 18 Contracting states 2009, September - 142 Contracting states Special agreement
Paris Convention

Objective
Harmonize International Filing Process

Sources
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Patent Co-operation Treaty PCT Regulations Applicant’s Guide

Advantages
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Patent Offices Applicants National economy
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Time Cost Effort

Phases
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International Phase National Phase

International Phase
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Filing International Search Publication International Examination

Filing
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Applicant Receiving Office Filing Fee Priority Date

International Search

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International Searching Authority (ISA) International Search Report (ISR) Written Opinion Amendment

Publication
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18 months Effect Withdrawal

International Examination
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Demand International Preliminary Examining Authority (IPEA) International Preliminary Report on Patentability (IPRP) Amendments

National Phase
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Timeline Amendment Process

PCT II
2 International Searches Prior Art of Applicant Third Party Prior Art Examination Authority Report on Patentability National Approval

Filing softwares
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PCT Easy PCT SAFE

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