# NAME:……………………………………………………………………… LAtih Tubi 1: Electromagnetic Induction 1. Diagram 2.

1 shows a bar magnet before and when is pushed into a solenoid.

(a) Name the science phenomenon involved in Diagram 2.1? ……………………………………………………………………………………… [1 marks] (b) State the

[1 marks] (c) Diagram 2.2 shows a magnet bar is pulling away from inside a solenoid.On Diagram 2.2 (i) mark the direction of the current flow in the circuit [2 marks] (ii) by using an arrow mark the compass direction on the compass above [1 marks]

2. Diagram 8.1 and 8.2 show electrical motor used to lift up pails of cement to top floor on construction building.

(a) What is meant by catapult field? ......................................................................................................................................... [1 marks] (b) (i) In the space below, draw the pattern of catapult field of Diagram 8.1. [2 marks]

.......... …………………................................................ Calculate the effiency of the motor................................ ............................ ..... Diagram 3..1 (a) State the physical quantity that is represented by the deflection of the galvanometer... ......... ……………………………………………………………………………………............................... If the motor can lift up 10 kg cement to the height of 12 m in 1.....................1(a) and diagram 3........ explain why these differences occur? .........................…….... ……………………………………………………………………………………….... ………………………………………………………………………………………..... [1 marks] (c) Based on diagram 8...............................................1 and 8... the construction workers have to use the a.....……………[1 marks] .....................……………………………………………………………………[2 marks] (ii) Based on your answer in 3(b)(i)......... [3 marks] 3.............. Diagram 3. so that the workers will be able to use it.........................4 s.............................................1 shows a bar magnet being pushed into a solenoid at a speed of 2ms-1............................... [2 marks] (d) If the d..............................................................................2(b)........... [1 marks] (ii) Explain your answer in c(i)...c....... (i) which motor is more suitable to be used by the construction workers to lift up the pails of cement? .....................................c power supply became weak..... supply......................2 ......(ii) State the direction of rotation of the motor as shown in Diagram 8.......... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………..................[2 marks] (c) Name the physics law involved in 3 (b) (ii)............……………………………………………………………………………………................................. Explain the modifications that need to be done on the motor............... ...[1 mark] (b) (i) State two differences that can be observed from diagram 3........... [2 marks] (e) The input power of the motor is 2000W..............................1.....

[2 marks] . P:………………………………………………………………… Q:………………………………………………………………… (b)The magnet is then moved away from the solenoid. (a) State Fleming’s left hand rule.2 (i) Draw the direction of induced current.2.[1 marks] (ii) Give one reason to justify your answer in (d)(i) ……………………………………………………………………………. The direction of induced current produced and the poles of the solenoid are as shown in the diagram.2 [2 marks] Magnet bar move away from solenoid Diagram 6.I and needle of galvanometer in diagram 6. P and Q are the poles of the bar magnet.3 shows an experimental set-up to study several materials to be used as the core of an electromagnet.[1 marks] (iii) State two ways to increase the magnitude of the induced current 1……………………………………………………………………………………………… 2………………………………………………………………………………………………. State the polarity of the poles of the bar magnet.………………. [2 marks] (ii) State Lenz’s Law ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ..………………. (i) State the type of power supply that is suitable for this experiment ……………………………………………………………………………. This is as shown in diagram 6.[2 marks] (d) Diagram 6..4. (a) Diagram 6.1 shows a bar magnet being moved towards a solenoid.[1 marks] 5.

1 shows a current carrying conductor in a magnetic field and the direction of current flow is as shown. Diagram 10.C motor and an A. suggest modifications can be done by him to upgrade the power of the old motor. he finds that the power of the motor is low. . Based on the 2 ideas of James.(b) From the aspect of the component and the working principle. He decides to modify the old motor by using new magnetic coil and replaced the permanent magnet with a electromagnet. [3 marks] (c) The magnetic flux. But he has no more money to buy a new motor. state the difference between a D. When he transfers the motor from his previous fishing boat to the new boat. the current and the number of coils used in both the motors are the same. [10 marks] 6. [5 marks] (d) James buys a new bigger fishing boat. Correlate the shape of the magnet used with the efficiency and deduce a relevant physics concept.C dynamo.Compare the efficiency of the 2 motors. Compare the shape of the magnet used in the 2 motors.

(a) Based on diagram 10.2.3 and Diagram 10. L. (iii) compare the strength of magnadur magnets in Diagram 10. Diagram 10.3 and Diagram 10.4. (iv) relate the distance between the copper wire PQ and the plastic holder with the strength of the magnets.5 shows the basic structure of a moving coil ammeter. (iii) in which direction . M and N will the conductor move? [5 marks] (b) Diagram 10.2 shows the position of a copper wire PQ when the switch is off.4.4 show the positions of a copper wire PQ when the switch is on in various strength of magnetic field. (i) draw the resultant magnetic field when the current carrying conductor is placed in the permanent magnetic field.3 and Diagram 10. (ii) show the direction of the force on the current carrying conductor. Diagram 10.3 and Diagram 10. Based on Diagram 10.1. relate the force produced in the copper wire PQ with the the strength of magnets. Suggest modifications that can be made to the meter so that it has the following characteristics: (i) Uniform scale.K. (ii) High sensitivity. [5 mark ] (c) Diagram 10. [10 marks ] . (v) hence. (iii) The pointer is easily returned to zero when there is no current flow. (i) what happens to the copper wire PQ when the switch is turned on? (ii) compare the distance between the copper wire PQ and the plastic holder in Diagram 10.4.

(d) Diagram 10. (ii) the shape of the permanent magnet. In your explanation. (iii) the shape of the core. emphasize the following aspects: (i) the sensitivity of the ammeter.4 shows a moving coil ammeter Explain how you would design a moving coil ammeter that can function better. (v) the type of the ammeter scale. [ 10 marks] . (iv) the type of the core material.

1(a) < 3.2 -More number of coils in diagram 8. easy to carry the pail of cement Modification: Replace the split –ring commutator with two slip ring Explanation Change dc to ac supply 1 1 2 2 Each slip ring is always contact with the same carbon brush.1 (a) < 3. -Larger current flow will result in a large force .//induced current i.number of turns : 3.Induce emf increases Faradays’ Law x 100% x 100% 3 12 1 2 2 TOTAL 1 6 2 4(a) P: North Q:South . so when the direction of the current changes .f.m.SKEMA JAWAPAN Modul Latih Tubi 1 – Electromagnetic Induction No 1(a) (b) c) Answer Electromagnetic induction North 1 1 Marks 3 2(a) Catapult field is resultant magnetic field / combination/interactions of the magnetic field due to the current in the conductor and external magnetic field 1 b(i) 2 b(ii) c(i) c (ii) Counter-clockwise Motor in diagram 8.Rate of change of flux increase .1(b) ii-deflection of galvanometer : 3.1(b) .2 will increases the current flow. the direction of the current in the coil don’t change (e) Effiency of the motor Effiency of the motor = 42% TOTAL 3 (a) (b)(i) (b)(ii) (c) Electromotive force // e.

Radial magnetic flux always alters the direction of force generated to ensure smooth rotation.Concave surface magnet produce radial magnetic field.Increase the total force generated .(b)(i) 2 (b)(ii) (b)(iii) (d)(i) (d)(ii) The direction of the induced current in a solenoid is such that its magnetic effeft always opposes the change producing it.Increase the total force generated .C Motor Need power supply Consist a pair of split ring commutator Transform electrical energy into mechanical energy A.C Dynamo Need no power supply Consist a pair of slip ring commutator Transform mechanical energy into electrical energy. . (Sabah 2009) 2 (b) 3 c The direction of forces Direction of current determine using FLeftHR determine using FRightHR . 5 d Aspect Increase the number of turn of the coil Increase the length of the coil Using thicker copper wire Increase current Placed concave iron core at both side of cylinder core(replaced permanent magnet) Using concave surface soft iron Modification .stronger magnet -increase number of turn of the solenoid -increase the speed of movement Direct current Magnitude and direction of current will remain constant TOTAL 1 2 1 1 9 5 (a) -When the first finger.Planar surface magnet in figure (a) and concave surface magnet in figure (b) -Figure (b) has higher efficiency compare than figure (a) . This produces smooth rotation and waste no energy . the secondfinger show the current and then the thumb show the direction of force generated. Total 20 .The direction of force generated always act along the tangent of a circle.Increase the total force generated . -The first finger shows the direction of the magnetic field. .Increase strength of electromagnet Save cost 10 Produce radial magnetic field to ensure smooth rotation. second finger and the thumb are extended with an angle of90O to each other.Increase strength of electromagnet .Increase strength of electromagnet Reduce resistance to increase current . D.

electromagnet field and combined field (ii) Show the direction and label the force (iii) N (i) PQ moves away from the holder/ to the right/outwards (ii) PQ moves further in Diagram 10.2 is higher compare than diagram 10.4 is larger compare than diagram 10.3 (iv) the larger the strength of magnadur magnet the longer the distance between cooper wire PQ and plastic holder (v) the stronger the magnet the larger the force produced (i) d) Modification use stronger magnet (for sensitivity) use curve magnets / concave use cylindrical core Explanation -stronger magnetic field / --larger rotation produce radial magnetic field / to get a linear scale -to supply uniform magnetic field .Produces uniform interaction between permanent magnetic field and the magnetic field produce by the copper coil -easy to magnetize and demagnetize -to concentrate the magnetic field The produced uniform reading Produces uniform magnetic field Will increasing the degree of deflection // accuracy When there’s no current flow.f.6 Selangor 2009 5 Correct diagram – permanent field. spring will return to its original position Can detect small change in force Mrsm 2010 7 (a) The production of induced current or induced e. the higher the rate of cutting of magnetic flux The higher the rate of cutting of magnetic flux the higher the induced current Faraday law  The (magnadur) magnets produce a magnetic field  rotate the coil in clock wise//anticlockwise direction 1 5 use soft iron core 10 use linear scale LAIN2 Use radial magnet Increasing the number of turns of coil Attach hair springs Small mass/longer of pointer (b) 5 (c) 4 .3 (iii) the strength of magnadur magnet in 10. without using the power supplies but using the relative motion between a conductor or a magnet The number of conductor wires in diagram 10.m.2 is higher compare than diagram 10.1 The deflection of galvanometer pointer in diagram 10.1 The higher the number of conductor.4 compare than diagram 10.

2 is bigger 2nd : the distance of the copper rod in 10.d)  the coil cut across the magnetic field/changing in magnetic flux  current is induced in the coil  the commuator change the direction in the coil so that the direction of current in external circuit always the same.1 111 (c) (i) (ii) The bigger the force the further the distance The bigger the current the larger the force 11 (d) 1st : current flows from Z to Y and fromWto X in half cycle 2nd : magnetic field form around the copper strips 3rd : current flows in opposite directions in the half cycle 4th : the copper strips moves outwards// repel 1111 1st : use stronger magnet 2nd : stronger magnetic field / larger rotation 3rd : use curve magnets / concave 4th : produce radial magnetic field / to get a linear scale 5th : use cylindrical core 6th : to supply uniform magnetic field . Aspect Explanation Lower thickness of the Easy to vibrate diaphragm(thinner) Strong strength of material for Not easily to damage/break the diaphragm Higher/more number of turn Increase the magnetic field of coil line Increase the diameter of the Reduced resistance coil wire Stronger the magnetic field Increase the magnetic field line 10 (b) 1st : the angle of deflection of the pointer in 10.2 is further 3rd : power supply in 10.2 is greater then 10.

f. without using the power supplies but using the relative motion between a conductor or a magnet 10 c)      The (magnadur) magnets produce a magnetic field rotate the coil in clock wise//anticlockwise direction the coil cut across the magnetic field/changing in magnetic flux current is induced in the coil the commuator change the direction in the coil so that the direction of current in external circuit always the same.7th : use soft iron core 8th : to concentrate the magnetic field 9th : use linear scale 10th : the angle of rotation is linear What is meant by Electromagnetic Induction The production of induced current or induced e. The number of conductor wires in diagram 10.1 The higher the number of conductor.m.2 is higher compare than diagram 10. the higher the rate of cutting of magnetic flux The higher the rate of cutting of magnetic flux the higher the induced current Faraday law Aspect Lower thickness of the diaphragm(thinner) Strong strength of material Higher/more number of turn explanation Easy to vibrate Not easily to damage/break Increase the .1 The deflection of galvanometer pointer in diagram 10.2 is higher compare than diagram 10.

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