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HOLY MARY INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

PROJECT SEMINAR
ON

BOGARAM(V), KEESARA (M), RANGAREDDY (Dist)- 501301

SUBMITTED BY S.VINAY REDDY (10QH1A0453) AMIT NITIN BONGALE (10QH1A0404) M.ANAMIKA (10QH1A0405) P.SATISH REDDY (10QH1A0444) Under the supervision of Internal Guide Mr.N.VEDA KUMAR M.Tech (ASSISTANT PROFFESSOR) Head of the Department Prof. M.DEVAM RAJUB.E,M.TECH.(PH D) (PROF. & HOD of ECE)

ABSTRACT
The main aim of the project is to operate the fan using SENSORS Effective way of operating a fan is by using TEMPERATURE SENSOR

without the help of a regulator. Here we use THERMISTOR (LM35) as a temperature sensor.

Contents Introduction Block Diagram  Power Supply  Micro-controller AT89C51  LCD  Relay  DC Motor  Schematic Representation  Real Time Applications  Advantages & Disadvantages  Future Scope  Conclusion .

power supply. The output devices connected to the micro-controller are LCD. This project TEMPERATURE SENSOR BASED CEILING FAN CONTROL SYSTEM’ mainly explains you about the use of a fan with out the help of regulators. analogto-digital converter[ADC 0804]. ‘ . The input devices we use here are temperature sensor. Relay & fan.INTRODUCTION EMBEDDED SYSTEMS is a special-purpose system in which the computer is completely encapsulated by or dedicated to the device or system it controls.

BLOCK DIAGRAM .

POWER SUPPLY 230V AC Power supply internally consists of a step down transformer. rectifier. filter & a voltage regulator .

VCC & .TEMPERATURE SENSOR  Device that detects (senses) changes in the ambient conditions or in the state of another device or a system. Output. and conveys or records this information in a certain manner.  LM35 is a precision IC temperature sensor with its output proportional to the temperature (in oC). LM35  It has three pins namely GND.

ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL CONVERTER [ADC] ADC is short for Analog Digital Converter. Sometimes called a A-D or A to D Converter. . The signals that are monitored are sounds. movement. and temperature into binary code for the PC. An ADC is a device that converts a continuous analog signal to a multi-level digital signal without altering its content.

MICRO-CONTROLLER(AT89C5 1) .

PIN DESCRIPTION .

BLOCK DIAGRAM OF 8051 µC .

ALPHANUMERIC 16X2 LCD 16X2 LCD .

The basic relay consists of a coil and a set of contacts. Relay is used as an electromagnetic switch.RELAY A relay is used to isolate one electrical circuit from another. Relay . It allows a low current control circuit to make or break an electrically isolated high current circuit path.

FAN Here in the place of a fan we actually use a AC motor for a clockwise rotation with speed in accordance to the temperature sensor. not an engine. . Motor is a device that creates a motion. It usually refers to either an electrical motor or an internal combustible engine.

SCHEMATIC REPRESENTATION .

SOFTWARE Here we are use KEIL micro vision 4 and PROTEUS software for purpose of simulation of code. Keil µvision 4 Proteus .

. assemble. and link) an application in µVision4. and links the files in your project. run the Compiler on each C source file.KEIL µVision 4 It is possible to create the source files in a text editor such as Notepad.uv4). To build (compile. run the Assembler on each Assembler source file. 2 Select Project . assembles. run either the Library Manager or Linker (again specifying a list of controls) and finally running the Object-HEX Converter to convert the Linker output file to an Intel Hex File.166\EXAMPLES\XYZ\XYZ. 3 µVision4 compiles.  Once that has been completed the Hex File can be downloaded to the target hardware and debugged. specifying another list of controls. you must: 1 Select Project (forexample. specifying a list of controls.Rebuild all target files or Build target.

PROTEUS Proteus is software for microprocessor simulation. and printed circuit board (PCB) design. schematic capture. It basically consists of :- ISIS Schematic Capture PROSPICE Mixed mode SPICE simulation ARES PCB Layout VSM System Benefits .

As the temperature sensor recognizes patterns of variations and acts accordingly by the code imprinted on the micro-c0ntroller.ADVANTAGES The need for manual input through a remote device is unnecessary as the sensor detects the temperature conditions when switched on. . the overhead of the manual input is eliminated. The size & redundancy for the whole machine is also varyingly reduced which saves time and cost.

An obsolete solution is to use a humidity sensors as well for the control of humidity in the case of a closed room . humidity plays an important role.DISADVANTAGES The major disadvantage lies in the case of a closed room. Here in this case. In a closed room as the temperature rises with the increase in fan speed HUMIDITY increases too.

air flow. and to other parts of the system. pressure. and to control sub-networks of controllers.Future scope Controllers are essentially small. current flow. purpose-built computers with input and output capabilities. The outputs allow the controller to send command and control signals to slave devices. These controllers come in a range of sizes and capabilities to control devices commonly found in buildings. humidity. and other essential factors. . Inputs allow a controller to read temperatures. Inputs and outputs can be either digital or analog.

Real-time Applications .

References www.atmel.national.com .com www.

CONCLUSION The Temperature sensor controlled DC fan is a prototype for a machine to work in temperature variant conditions & without human effort at all. The theoretical implementation have been so far successfully accomplished and hence the experimental part of the project work lies ahead of us which will be completed in the allotted time with the help of my co-partners. Hence we thank Sir Veda Kumar who made us cross every hurdle we have stepped to come all this way We thank the HOD and Principal Sir to put faith and provide us with such an opportunity Last but not the least we thank the audience my fellow students for their cooperation .