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KUTZTOWN UNIVERSITY ELEMENTARY EDUCATION DEPARTMENT PROFESSIONAL SEMESTER PROGRAM

Teacher Candidate: Laila Mahgoub Cooperating Teacher: Group Size: 25 students

Date: Coop. Initials

Allotted Time: 45 minutes

Grade Level: 3rd Grade

Subject or Topic: Last Four Phases of the Moon

Section:

STANDARD: (PA Common Core): 3.3.3.B1. Describe the changes that occur in the observable shape of the moon over the course of a month. W.3.1. Write opinion pieces on topics or test, supporting a point of view with reasons. I. Performance Objectives (Learning Outcomes) Third grade students will exhibit the eight phases of the Moon by completing a Moon Phases worksheet. Third grade students will compose an opinion on Neil Armstrong by writing an opinion writing piece. II. Instructional Materials Discovery Education video (1:00-2:32)(3:24-5:07) Science: A Closer Look by Macmillan/McGraw-Hill Interactive Science: Astronomy and Space Science by Pearson Education Moon Phases PowerPoint Moon Phases worksheet Crayons/Markers Handout on Neil Armstrong Digital Picture File- The Moon YouTube video on the first Moon landing III. Subject Matter/ Content (prerequisite skills, key vocabulary, big idea) A. Prerequisite Skills: Students will have already learned the first four phases of the Moon.

B. Key Vocabulary: The Moon is a satellite of Earth. The Moon does not make its own light; it reflects the light of the sun. The first visit to the Moon was made by three American astronauts. The last four phases of the Moon: Full Moon: the Moon is totally visible in the sky. Waning Gibbous: the Moon is more than one-half illuminated by the sun but not completely illuminated. Occurs when the Moon's illumination is decreasing. Last/Third Quarter: the Moon is one-half illuminated by the sun. Occurs when the Moon's illumination is decreasing. Waning Crescent: the Moon is less than one-half illuminated by the sun but less than one quarter illuminated. Occurs when the Moon's illumination is decreasing. Blue Moon: when two full moons occur in a single month, the second full moon is called a Blue Moon. C. Big Idea: The last four phases of the Moon are the Full Moon, Waning Gibbous, Last/Third Quarter, and Waning Crescent. Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin were the first humans to walk on the Moon. IV. Implementation A. Introduction Watch the Discovery Education video (1:00-2:32) (3:24-5:07). Have students pair share for 1-2 minutes then randomly select 2-3 pairs to share with the class their observations and thoughts on the video. B. Development Students should have read Lesson 2: The Moon and Earth that was assigned at the beginning of this unit. Give students 5-7 minutes to review Lesson 2: The Moon and Earth of Science: A Closer Look and Lesson 4 (pages 22-24) of Interactive Science: Astronomy and Space Science. Hold a discussion about the two lessons, supplemented by the PowerPoint on the last four phases of the Moon. Explain that students will now fill out the Moon Phases worksheets.

Students must do this independently and cannot use their textbooks or the PowerPoint. Worksheets will be collected. Show the Moon Digital Picture File. Explain that students will now write an opinion piece on how they think Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin felt as they took their first steps on the Moon. Give students the handout of background information on Neil Armstrong. Students may begin reading the handout, brainstorming ideas and formulating a rough draft. A final copy of their opinion piece (2-3 paragraphs) will be due in three days as part of a language arts formative assessment.

C. Closure Have students pair share what they learned today, what they thought was most interesting, what they were still confused about, etc. Randomly select 2-3 pairs to share with the class what they were confused about so that the teacher can clarify any misunderstandings at this time. Close the class with a short video on the first Moon landing in 1969 (0:00-0:15). D. Accommodations / Differentiation If I had a student who was writing at a lower level, I would still assign him the writing opinion piece but they would only have to write one paragraph rather than 2-3 paragraphs. E. Assessment/Evaluation plan 1. Formative- Moon Phases worksheet. Language Arts: Opinion writing piece. 2. Summative- None. V. Reflective Response A. Report of Students Performance in Terms of States Objectives

B. Personal Reflection How could this lesson be improved?

Was I able to pace my lesson to fit the time? Did I provide enough information on the Moon Phases?

VI. Resources Buckley, D. (2011). Interactive Science. Boston, Mass.: Pearson. Discovery Education, (2002). Elementary Video Adventures: Astronomy. [Full Video]. Available from http://www.discoveryeducation.com/ Dunbar, B. (n.d.). Who Was Neil Armstrong?. NASA. Retrieved March 20, 2014, from http://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/k-4/stories/who-was-neilarmstrong-k4.html#.UysYYvldVyM First Moon Landing 1969. YouTube. YouTube, 10 Feb. 2006. Web. 20 Mar. 2014, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RMINSD7MmT4 Hackett, J. K. (2008). Science: A Closer Look. New York: Macmillan/McGrawHill. Mahgoub, L. (n.d.). The Moon - Digital Picture File. Digital Picture File. Retrieved March 20, 2014, from http://lailasdigitalpicturefile.weebly.com/themoon.html Slough, M. (n.d.). Moon Worksheet. Moon Worksheet. Retrieved March 20, 2014, from http://www.k12.hi.us/~shturner/moon_worksheet.htm