Ch 2-3 Quizzes 1. Which characteristic does NOT define temperament? Are more socially developed 2.

The developing brain is profoundly responsive to experience. This responsiveness is known as plasticity. 3. Which is NOT considered one of Eysenck's higher order factors of temperament? general intelligence 4. Lead paint poisoning has been known to cause conduct problems. TRUE 5. Poor frontal lobe development has been linked to criminal behavior. TRUE 6. Phineas Gage represents the classic example of behavioral changes that develop from prefrontal cortex damage. TRUE 7. Eysenck's theory of crime notes that criminal activity is the result of different combinations of environment, neurobiology, and personality. TRUE 8. Common biological features of an extra Y chromosome may include: reduced stature, shyness, and higher than average IQ. FALSE 9. There is a strong link between epilepsy and violent behavior. FALSE 10. Ambiversion is the midpoint between extraversion and neuroticism. FALSE Ch 4 Quiz 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Which is not one of the principles of operant conditioning? Positive Reward Albert Bandura is associated with which theory? Expectancy theory Julian Rotter is best known for expectancy theory. Pavlovian conditioning was named after Pavlov's famous chimpanzee studies. False In operant conditioning, punishment's goal is to eliminate undesirable behaviors. False Differential association reinforcement theory states that people learn to commit deviant acts through mimicking behaviors of older siblings. False 7. Thinking and remembering are cognitive processes associated with social learning theory. True 8. Expectancy theory suggests that a person behaves based on what they perceive will lead to a particular outcome. True 9. Differential Association Reinforcement Theory accounts for whom a person interacts, how long the interactions occur, how frequently, as well as how meaningful the connections were. True Ch 5 Quiz—missed 1 of the questions 1. Covert actions tend to be less emotional in nature, such as fraud, theft, and property offenses. 2. NONE OF THE ABOVE aggression does not involve direct confrontation but relies on concealment and dishonesty. 3. What were the results of Bandura's classic Bobo the doll experiment? Children that witnessed aggression were more likely to act aggressively toward the doll. 4. What models did Bandura identify as major models? All of the above: Symbolic models provided by the media, family members, one’s subculture. 5. According to the social-learning theory, aggression is maintained by instrumental learning. In the initial stage of learning, observation is important, but in later stages, reinforcement is essential.

6. According to recent cognitive models for learning aggression, it is hypothesized that an

individual's cognitive capacities and information processing strategies are more important than what one gathers from observational learning. FALSE 7. Youth and adults prone toward violence are more likely to interpret ambiguous actions as hostile and threatening than they are their less aggressive counterparts because they have what Kenneth Dodge and his colleagues have coined as (ART) or Aggressive Reinforcement Tolerance. FALSE 8. According to Loeber and Stouthamer-Loeber, overt and covert aggressive actions are different in development. TRUE 9. Proactive aggression includes bullying, teasing, and name -calling. FALSE Ch 6 Quiz 1. The most common status offense in recent years is incorrigibility. 2. Research conducted by the Girls Study Group concluded that when girls' violence did occur it was usually for which reason? All of the above: Peer violence, girls in gangs, family violence. 3. Whose explanation for delinquency defines life - course persistent offenders as children who begin a lifelong pattern of delinquency and adult crime at a very young age and continue to commit crimes well into adulthood? None of the above, correct answer: Terrie Moffit 4. Under federal law, juveniles may be prosecuted under the criminal law at age 15. True 5. Gerald Patterson's Coercion Developmental Theory states that anti-social behavior is seen as progressing from faulty parent-toddler interactions to similar interactions with teachers, peers, and others in the child's environment. True 6. LPC patterns of behavior is more likely to be followed by females. FALSE 7. Moffitt and Patterson believe that "early starters" are more likely to continue criminal behavior. TRUE 8. Secondary prevention is designed to prevent delinquent behavior before any signs of the behavioral pattern emerge. FALSE 9. Boot camps are a type of shock incarceration based on a military model. TRUE 10. According to Hawkins (2009), girls that reported high levels of religiosity were less likely to sell drugs. TRUE Ch 7 Quiz 1. Primary is a "true " psychopath. 2. Many of the murders and serious assaults committed by noNpsychopaths occurred during domestic disputes or extreme emotional arousal, thereby qualifying as Reactive aggression. 3. Dyssocial personality is a term used by psychiatrists and many clinical psychologists to describe a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. FALSE 4. Research has shown that the recidivism rate for psychopaths is very high. TRUE 5. Reforming adult psychopaths has been cloaked with pessimism and discouragement. TRUE 6. Robert Hare is probably the most influential author on psychopathy. TRUE 7. One possible explanation for the erratic behavior of psychopaths is a malfunction of the amygdala. TRUE 8. African American psychopaths are frequently more impulsive than white psychopaths. FALSE

9. PCL stands for Psychopathy Change List. FALSE 10. The percentage of psychopaths estimated to be in the general population is 1%. TRUE Ch 8 Quiz—missed 1 of the questions 1. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, DMS-IV, DSM-IV-TR (all of the above) is a published work compiled by the American Psychiatric Association that is used to guide clinicians seeking to define and diagnose specific mental disorders. 2. Battered woman syndrome is sometimes considered a variant of PTSD. TRUE 3. The Tarasoff case established the duty to warn. TRUE 4. Police are more likely to arrest those that suffer from mental illness. TRUE 5. Multiple Personality Disorder is now known as Dissociative Identity Disorder. TRUE 6. Flashbacks, recurrent dreams, and intrusive memories are all symptoms of PTSD. TRUE 7. All insanity standards are built on 1) irrationality and 2) compulsion. TRUE 8. NGRI stands for Not Guilty Because of Insanity. FALSE 9. A defendant must be found competent to stand trial before a trial can proceed. TRUE 10. Depression is thought to be strongly correlated to delinquency in adolescent girls. TRUE Ch 9 Quiz—missed 2 of the questions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Alcohol is often part of an abuser’s clinical picture. TRUE Domestic violence has been shown to have a dramatic effect on children’s health. TRUE Once violence occurs in a relationship, it tends to be repeated. TRUE Multiassaultive families are characterized by continual cycles of interfamilial physical aggression and violence. TRUE Soricide is the murder of one’s sister. FALSE—soroicide Over 90% of elderly persons are abused. FALSE Head trauma is the leading cause of death in abused children. TRUE Munchhausen syndrome by proxy is a form of eating disorder. FALSE African Americans are the victims of family violence more often than other races. FALSE The weapons effect refers to how the sight of a weapon can provoke violent thoughts. TRUE

Ch 10 Quiz 1. According to the FBI, the workplace homicide offenders motivation (if not robbery) is that he/she is disgruntled worker whose job was his life. TRUE 2. Guns are the primary weapon used in workplace homicides. TRUE 3. A type II offender has no legitimate relationship to the workplace. FALSE 4. Rifles are the most common weapons used in school shootings. FALSE 5. In product tampering homicide, ricin is most frequently the poison of choice. FALSE 6. The five mass murder category typologies by Fox and Levin (2003) include; revenge, power, loyalty, profit, and anger. FALSE 7. Mass murderers tend to be frustrated, angry people who feel helpless about their lives. TRUE 8. According to McKenzie (1995), 80% of serial killers lived in families where family violence, severe abuse and/or alcoholism occurred. TRUE 9. LaFon (2002), noted that there are 2 types of psychological autopsies: 1) suicide psychological autopsies, and 2) equivocal death psychological autopsies. TRUE

10. Autoeroticism refers to self-arousal and self-gratification of sexual desire without a partner. TRUE Ch 11—Missed 1 question 1. Moral development refers to someone gradual development of a sense of right and wrong. 2. Most people will not engage in antisocial conduct until they have justified themselves morally. True 3. Cultural devaluation occurs when one culture uses another as a scapegoat or an ideological enemy. True 4. Theodore Kaczynski is identified by the text as a "lone wolf" terrorist. True 5. Terrorist frequently do not have a "fail safe" mechanism if a suicide mission does not work. False 6. Overall, terrorist are a very homogenous group usually coming from middle-eastern countries. True 7. Culturally motivated terrorist are fearful that their culture will be damaged irreparably. True 8. Most Islamist terrorist come from lower socioeconomic backgrounds and have little education. False 9. Bioterrorism includes the use of viruses, bacteria, germs, and other chemical agents as weaponry. True 10. ELF stands for Egyptian Liberation Front. False Ch 12—Missed 3, forgot to do number 8 1. Adolescent males commit 20-30 percent of all rapes and 30-50 percent of all child molestations. True 2. Many sex offenders tend to be timid, shy, and socially inhibited. True 3. Statutory rape is the forced rape of someone under 18 years old. True 4. Forcible rape is the carnal knowledge of a girl under the age of consent. True 5. If a therapist had sexual relations with a patient, he could be charged (in some jurisdictions) with rape by fraud. True 6. Few college date rape victims know their attackers and were more likely to be attacked in their senior year. False 7. Survivor is used in rape terminology because of its more favorable depiction of victims. True 8. Mental health advocates contend that rapists act because of deep seated emotion disturbances. True 9. Deniers try to justify rape by making victims blameworthy. True 10. MTC stands for Minnesota Treatment Classification. False Ch 13 Quiz 1. Hebephilia is sexual contact by adult males with young adolescents. 2. The basic premise of the emotional congruence theory on pedophilia suggests that: Pedophiles see themselves as children with childish emotional needs 3. A pedophile is almost always male. True 4. Partialism is a sexual arousal coming from a non-usual part of the human body.

5. Voyeurism also known as scoptophilia or inspectionalism, is the tendency to gain sexual excitement and gratification from observing unsuspecting others naked, undressing, or engaging in sexual activity. 6. The aggressive (or sadistic) pedophile is drawn to children for both sexual and aggressive reasons. True 7. Exhibitionism is the deliberate exposure of the genitals to another person to achieve sexual gratification. True 8. Aggressive rapist often have problems with alcohol, a history of dropping out of school, and unstable work histories. True 9. About two-thirds of all persons arrested for child molestation come from unskilled or semiskilled occupational groups. True
1. Prior experiences and/or influences determine present behavior according to the ________________, whereas free will determines present behavior according to the _____________________. a. classical theory, positivist theory b. positivist theory, classical theory (Ch. 1, p. 4) c. strain theory, classical theory d. social control theory, social learning theory

2. Humans learn nearly all of their behaviors, tendencies, and beliefs from the social environments they encounter. This is also known as the ____________________ . a. Social control theory b. Social learning theory c. Learning perspective (Ch. 1, p. 5) d. Difference in degrees perspective

3. Background of offenders, school failure, alcohol abuse, and childhood victimization can all have an effect on the _________________________, which can be defined at a very early age. a. Risk factors b. Peer rejection c. Preschool experiences

d. Developmental pathway (Ch. 2, p 28)

4. True or False: There are currently four categories of mental disorders. Those include: paranoid disorders, schizophrenic disorders, mood disorders, and mental retardation. False—Paranoid disorders, schizophrenic disorders, mood disorders, and antisocial personality disorder (Ch. 8, p. 210-211)

5. Early detection and intervention will prevent youngsters from graduating to more serious and habitual offenses according to ___________________. a. secondary prevention (Ch. 6, p. 157) b. primary prevention c. restrictive interventions d. multisystemic therapy

6. In lab studies, mimicking conditions that bring out aggressions is also known as __________________. a. humanizing (Ch. 4, p. 107) b. stimulation c. depressing d. de-humanizing

7. Hitting is an example of ______________,______________ physical aggression. Refusing to speak is an example of ______________,______________ verbal aggression. a. active, indirect; passive, indirect b. passive, indirect; active, direct c. active, direct; passive, direct (Ch. 5, p. 112) d. active direct; active, direct

8. Juveniles are impulsive, therefore seeks stimulation and seem to be uncaring at times. This is often ______________ chaos that lies within each adolescent. uncharacteristic b. abnormal c. normal (Ch. 7, p. 205) d. Both A & B

9. _________________ are charged with trying to conclude which genetic and neurophysiological variables play a part in criminal conduct, how significant they are, and what can be done to change them. a. psychologists b. clinical psychologists developmental psychologists d. biopsychologists (Ch. 3, p. 54) e. none of the above

10. A number of notorious murderers possessed the _________ abnormality. a. XYY (Ch. 3, p. 69) b. XYX c. XXY d. XYZ

SOCL 4070-BONUS

1.

____________ are characteristics or qualities that describe an object. 1. Attributes 2. Variables 3. Values 4. Both a and c (ch.1, pg.15)

2. ____________ is an approach to explanation in which we seek to exhaust the idiosyncratic causes of a particular condition or event. 1. Nomothetic 2. Idiographic (ch. 1, pg.21) 3. Induction 4. None of the above 3. Karl Marx is most closely associated with which paradigm? 1. Symbolic interaction 2. Structural Functionalism 3. Conflict (ch. 2, pg. 36) 4. Feminist 4. ___________ opens up the possibility of personal, subjective knowledge, including intuition. 1. Silence 2. Constructed Knowledge 3. Received Knowledge 4. Subjective Knowledge (ch. 2, pg. 40) 5. _________ is guaranteed in a research project when neither the researchers nor the readers of the findings can identify a given response with a given respondent. 1. Confidentiality 2. Validity 3. Anonymity (ch.3, pg. 71) 4. None of the above 6. The purpose(s) of research are _____________. 1. Exploration 2. Description 3. Explanation 4. All of the above (ch. 4, pg. 95-97) 7. ___________ is a sign of the presence or absence of the concept we are studying. 1. Conceptualization 2. Indicator (ch. 5, pg. 135) 3. Dimension 4. None of the above 8. ___________ is a type of composite measure constructed in accordance with the weights assigned by “judges” to various indicators of some variables. 1. Likert scale 2. Bogardus social distance scale 3. Thurstone Scale (ch. 6, pg. 191) 4. Guttman Scale 9. ____________ is the standard distance (k) between elements selected from a population for a sample. 1. Sampling interval (ch.7, pg. 230) 2. Sampling ratio 3. Stratified sampling 4. None of the above

10. ___________ is a technique for assigning experimental subjects to experimental and control groups randomly. 1. Matching 2. Interval invalidity 3. Testing

1. Which is not one of the three major theoretical perspectives on human nature?

a. Learning perspective b. Nonconformist perspective c. Conformity perspective d. Difference-in-degrees perspective (Chapter 1, p. 5)

2. Who is considered the father of psychoanalytical theory of human behavior?

a. Erik Erikson b. Alfred Adler c. Sigmund Freud (Chapter 1, p. 10) d. Carl Jung

3. All except which is considered a social risk factor:

a. After-school care b. Poverty c. Peer acceptance and association with antisocial peers (Chapter 2, p. 31) d. Peer rejection and association with antisocial peers

4. In this type of parental style, parents try to direct their children‟s activities in a rational, issue-oriented manner.

a. Authoritative style (Chapter 2, p. 37) b. Enmeshed style c. Authoritarian style d. Permissive style

5. Which theory argues that a person‟s performance level is based on that person‟s expectation that behaving in a particular way will lead to a given outcome?

a. Skinner‟s Theory b. Differential Association-Reinforcement Theory c. Expectancy Theory (Chapter 4, p. 93) d. Social Learning Theory

6. According to Eysenck, the typical _____ tends to lose their temper quickly, and be unreliable.

a. Ambiverts b. Introverts c. Extraverts (Chapter 3, p. 72) d. Both introverts and extraverts

7. This type of aggression reflects the biological programming carried in the genes to ensure the survival of the species.

a. Instrumental aggression b. Ritualized aggression c. Animal aggression (Chapter 5, p. 111) d. Covert and overt aggression

8. _______ is a multisite, multicomponent prevention program for young children at high risk of long-term antisocial behavior.

a. Selective prevention b. Secondary prevention c. Primary prevention d. Fast Track Project (Chapter 6, p. 160)

9. According to pyschologist ______, psychopaths are social predators who charm, manipulate, and ruthlessly plow their way through life, leaving a broad trail of broken hearts, shattered expectations and empty wallets.

a. James Cattell b. Robert Hare (Chapter 7, p. 171) c. Alfred Adler d. Alfred Binet

10. DSM in its fourth edition stands for:

a. Diagnostic and Schizophrenic Mental Disorder b. Disorganized Sanity Mental Disorder

c. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Chapter 8, p. 210) d. Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder

1.) Which of the following is not one of the three disciplines that have dominated the study of crime: (Chp. 1, pg. 6) 1. 2. 3. 4. Sociology Economics Psychology Psychiatry

2.) Those who use a _____________________ style try to shape, control, and evaluate the behavior of their children in accordance with some pre-established, absolute standard. (Chp. 2, pg. 36) 1. 2. 3. 4. Authoritarian Permissive Authoritative Neglecting

3.) Research suggest that the neurotransmitter ____________ may play the most significant role in aggression and violence. (Chp. 3, pg. 67) 1. 2. 3. 4. Dopamine Melatonin Serotonin Norepinephrine

4.) Which Russian physiologist conducting digestive system studies on dogs that produced significant research on classical conditioning?(Chp. 4, pg. 87) 1. 2. 3. 4. John Watson Ivan Pavlov B.F. Skinner Julian Rotter

5.) Which of these conditions has research revealed to be the most conducive to the learning of aggression in children? (Chp. 5, pg. 121)

6.)

1. The child has many opportunities to observe aggression 2. The is reinforcement for his or her own aggression 3. The child is often he object of aggression 4. All of the above Which of the following does not qualify as a status offenses? (Chp. 6, pg. 139) 1. 2. 3. 4. Running away Violating curfew laws Truancy Shop lifting

7.) Which of the following is the most popular instrument for measuring criminal psychopathy? (Chp. 7, pg. 180) 1. 2. 3. 4. Psychopathy Checklist (PCL-R) Psychpathy Checklist Screening Version (PCL:SV) Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version (PCL:YV) P-Scan: Research Version

8.) The DSM-IV outlines five characteristics symptoms of schizophrenia. Which of the following is not one of these symptoms? (Chp. 8, pg. 211) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Delusions Feelings of worthlessness Disorganized speech Thoughts of suicide Grossly disorganized behavior All are symptoms A,C, and E B and D

9.) Of FEDERAL inmates identified as mentally disordered which race represents with the highest percentage? (Chp. 8, pg. 236) 1. 2. 3. 4. Hispanic Black White Other

10.) Eysenck argued that there are four higher order factors of personality. Which of the following is not one of these factors: (Chp. 3, pg. 71) 1. Extraversion 2. Ambiversion 3. Neuroticism

4. Psychoticism 1. This subtype of schizophrenia is characterized by delusions and hallucinations (usually auditory) and is the most frequently represented in criminal behavior: (Ch. 8, pg. 212) a. disorganized b. paranoid c. residual d. catatonic 2. Which of the following was NOT included in Cleckley's list of identified behaviors describing the typical psychopath? (Ch. 7, pg. 174) a. anxious b. manipulative c. superficially charming d. untruthful 3. Which type of prevention consists of working with specific children and adolescents who are at high risk and who display some early signs of antisocial behavior? (Ch. 6, pg. 156) a. primary prevention b. universal prevention c. selective prevention d. tertiary prevention 4. Which of the following is NOT one of the major types of models identified by Albert Bandura? (Ch. 5, pg. 122) a. family members b. peer models c. members of one's subculture d. symbolic models provided by the media 5. Which concept refers to a common human tendency to discount the influence of the situation and explain behavior by referring to the personality of the actor instead? (Ch. 4, pg. 98) a. self-serving biases b. deindividuation c. moral disengagement d. fundamental attribution error 6. This theoretical perspective on human nature views human beings as born neutral: (Ch. 1, pg. 4) a. positivist perspective b. conformity perspective c. nonconformist perspective d. learning perspective 7. Which of the following is NOT a Part I offense according to the UCR? (Ch. 1, pg. 13) a. aggravated assault b. burglary

c. embezzlement d. arson 8. According to Baumrind, parents exhibiting this parental style generally avoid asserting authority or imposing social controls or restrictions on the child's behavior. (Ch. 2, pg. 37) a. authoritarian b. permissive c. authoritative d. neglectful 9. Which of the following is NOT one of Eysenck's four higher order factors of personality? (Ch. 3, pg. 71) a. general intelligence b. ambiversion c. extraversion d. psychoticism 10. According to the four-factor perspective, this factor's core features include callousness and grandiose self-worth: (Ch. 7, pg. 182) a. interpersonal b. impulsive lifestyle c. affective d. antisocial tendencies

1. According to _______, criminal behavior is learned, as is all social behavior, through social interactions with other people. 1. Strain theory 2. Differential association theory (chapter 1 page 5) 3. Social control theory 4. Psychological criminology

2. _______ refers to the process of identifying personality traits, behavior tendencies, geographic location, demographic varibles of an offender based on the characteristics. 1. 2. 3. 4. 3.Which Criminal profiling (chapter 1 page 9) Developmental approach Non-index crimes Social learning theory of the following are social risk factors?

1. Poverty 2. Antisocial peers

3. Peer rejection 4. All of the above (chapter 2 page 29) 4.Bowlby‟s ______ has been discussed extensively in the psychological literature and may be extended to the study of criminal behavior. 1. Parent psychopathology 2. Influence on siblings 3. Attachment theory (chapter 4 page 40) 4. Risk factors 5.________refers to the extent that a child controls his or her own behavior, independent of the control of others and the social environments. 1. Self-regulation (chapter 3 page 62) 2. Temperament 3. Nature 4. Nurture 6. The _________ activates the body of emergencies by increasing heart rate, respiration flow, blood flow, pupil dilation, and perspiration. 1. Parasympathetic system 2. Sympathetic system (chapter 3 page 75) 3. Limbic system 4. Reticular activating system 7._________ are those internal mental processes that enable humans to imagine, to gain knowledge, to reason, and to evaluate information. 1. Stimulus 2. Theory of behavior 3. Cognitive processes (chapter 4 page 86) 4. Classical conditioning 8. _________is a fundamental learning process that is acquired by the consequences that follow the behavior. 1. Reductionism 2. Reinforcement 3. Situationism 4. Operant conditioning (chapter 4 page 89) 9. _______is the study of animal behavior in relation to the animals habitat, and it compares that behavior to human behavior. 1. Ethology (chapter 5 page 115) 2. Ritualized aggression 3. Catharis 4. Difference in degree 10. ___________refers to self-focused attention toward ones thoughts and feelings. 1. Displaced aggression 2. Rumination (chapter 5 page 119)

3. Excitation transfer theory 4. Attribution bias

1. The process of Theory testing is called… a) b) c) d) Classical Theory Coercion Theory Theory Verification (CH.1 P.3) Attachment Theory

2. The learning perspective is exemplified most comprehensively by… a) b) c) d) Social Learing Theory (CH.1 P.5) Attachment Theory Coercion Theory Classical

3. Four types of parental styles are… a) b) c) d) Permissive, neglecting, authoritarian, authoritative Permissive, authoritarian, authoritative, neglecting Authoritarian, neglecting, permissive, authoritative Authoritarian, Permissive, authoritative, neglecting (CH.2 P.37)

4. Thomas- Chess Categories of child temperaments, behavioral characterizes as… a) b) c) d) Moods, Intensity, Rhythmicity, Approach to others Moods, Approach to others, Rhythmicity, Intensity Rhythmicity, Moods, Approach to others, Intensity (CH.3 P.62) Rhythmicity, Intensity, Approach to others, Moods

5. Positive Reinforcement Goal a) b) c) Increases a desired behavior (CH.4 P.90) Decreases undesired behavior Eliminates undesired behavior

6. Varieties Of Human Aggression; Active: Physical: Direct and Indirect a) b) c) d) Obstructing, passage, refusing to preform, a necessary task Punching, Hitting, Practical Joke, Booby Trap (CH.5 P.112) Insulting the victim, malicious gossip, Refusing to speak

7. Child Delinquents are… a) b) c) Juveniles between ages 10 and 13 who go to jail Juveniles between ages 6 and 10 that have been through the system. Juveniles between ages 7 and 12 that have issues with the law

d) Juveniles between the ages 7 and 12 who committed a delinquent act according to the criminal law. (CH.6 P. 139) 8. What is the 3rd and 6th listing on the Hare PCL checklist? a) b) c) d) Irresponsibility and poor behavioral Pathological lying and Shallow affect (CH.7 P.174) Lack of remorse or guilt and Callous, lack of empathy Glibness/superficial charm and Cunning/manipulative

9. Which subtype of schizophrenia does the individual have at least ONE episode of schizophrenia? a) b) c) d) Residual type (CH.8 P.212) Paranoid type Catatonic type Disorganized type

10. APD is short for a) b) c) d) Adolescents personality disorder Antisocial personality drug Adolescent personality drug Antisocial personality disorder (CH.8 P.213)

1. The process of Theory testing is called… a) b) c) d) Classical Theory Coercion Theory Theory Verification Attachment Theory

2. The learning perspective is exemplified most comprehensively by… a) b) c) d) Social Learing Theory Attachment Theory Coercion Theory Classical

3. Four types of parental styles are… a) b) c) d) Permissive, neglecting, authoritarian, authoritative Permissive, authoritarian, authoritative, neglecting Authoritarian, neglecting, permissive, authoritative Authoritarian, Permissive, authoritative, neglecting

4. Thomas- Chess Categories of child temperaments, behavioral characterizes as… a) Moods, Intensity, Rhythmicity, Approach to others

b) c) d)

Moods, Approach to others, Rhythmicity, Intensity Rhythmicity, Moods, Approach to others, Intensity Rhythmicity, Intensity, Approach to others, Moods

5. Positive Reinforcement Goal a) b) c) Increases a desired behavior Decreases undesired behavior Eliminates undesired behavior

6. Varieties Of Human Aggression; Active: Physical: Direct and Indirect a) b) c) d) Obstructing, passage, refusing to preform, a necessary task Punching, Hitting, Practical Joke, Booby Trap Insulting the victim, malicious gossip, Refusing to speak

7. Child Delinquents are… a) b) c) Juveniles between ages 10 and 13 who go to jail Juveniles between ages 6 and 10 that have been through the system. Juveniles between ages 7 and 12 that have issues with the law

d) Juveniles between the ages 7 and 12 who committed a delinquent act according to the criminal law. 8. What is the 3rd and 6th listing on the Hare PCL checklist? a) b) c) d) Irresponsibility and poor behavioral Pathological lying and Shallow affect Lack of remorse or guilt and Callous, lack of empathy Glibness/superficial charm and Cunning/manipulative

9. Which subtype of schizophrenia does the individual have at least ONE episode of schizophrenia? a) Residual type

b) c) d)

Paranoid type Catatonic type Disorganized type

10. APD is short for a) b) c) d) Adolescents personality disorder Antisocial personality drug Adolescent personality drug Antisocial personality disorder

1. The process of Theory testing is called… a) b) c) d) Classical Theory Coercion Theory Theory Verification Attachment Theory

2. The learning perspective is exemplified most comprehensively by… a) b) c) d) Social Learing Theory Attachment Theory Coercion Theory Classical

3. Four types of parental styles are… a) b) c) d) Permissive, neglecting, authoritarian, authoritative Permissive, authoritarian, authoritative, neglecting Authoritarian, neglecting, permissive, authoritative Authoritarian, Permissive, authoritative, neglecting

4. Thomas- Chess Categories of child temperaments, behavioral characterizes as… a) b) c) d) Moods, Intensity, Rhythmicity, Approach to others Moods, Approach to others, Rhythmicity, Intensity Rhythmicity, Moods, Approach to others, Intensity Rhythmicity, Intensity, Approach to others, Moods

5. Positive Reinforcement Goal a) b) c) Increases a desired behavior Decreases undesired behavior Eliminates undesired behavior

6. Varieties Of Human Aggression; Active: Physical: Direct and Indirect a) b) c) d) Obstructing, passage, refusing to preform, a necessary task Punching, Hitting, Practical Joke, Booby Trap Insulting the victim, malicious gossip, Refusing to speak

7. Child Delinquents are… a) b) c) Juveniles between ages 10 and 13 who go to jail Juveniles between ages 6 and 10 that have been through the system. Juveniles between ages 7 and 12 that have issues with the law

d) Juveniles between the ages 7 and 12 who committed a delinquent act according to the criminal law. 8. What is the 3rd and 6th listing on the Hare PCL checklist? a) b) c) d) Irresponsibility and poor behavioral Pathological lying and Shallow affect Lack of remorse or guilt and Callous, lack of empathy Glibness/superficial charm and Cunning/manipulative

9. Which subtype of schizophrenia does the individual have at least ONE episode of schizophrenia? a) b) c) d) Residual type Paranoid type Catatonic type Disorganized type

10. APD is short for a) b) c) d) Adolescents personality disorder Antisocial personality drug Adolescent personality drug Antisocial personality disorder

1). The primary purpose of _________________________ is to identify the causes of criminal behavior. A. theories of crime (chapter 1, page 3) B. theory verification C. just-world hypothesis D. classical theory

2. Parents who adopt a __________________ display tolerant, nonpunitive, accepting attitudes towards their children's behavior, including expressions of aggressive and sexual impulses. A. authoritative style B. neglecting style C. permissive style (chapter 2, page 37) D. authoritarian style

3. A child's __________________ - defined as a "natural" mood disposition determined largely by genetics and biological influences- may offer important clues about criminal behavior. A. psychophysiology B. behavior C. needs D. temperament (chapter 3, page 61)

4. In _______________________, we avoid an unpleasant event or stimulus as a consequence of certain behavior. A. operant learning B. negative reinforcement (chapter 4, page 89) C. positive reinforcement D. reinforcement

5. Kenneth Dodge and his colleagues discovered that highly aggressive youth often have a _________________________. A. hostile attribution bias (chapter 5, page 125) B. cognitive scripts model C. hostile attribution model D. none of the above

6. What is designed to prevent delinquent behavior before any signs of the behavioral patten emerge? A. both c and d B. primary or universal prevention (chapter 6, page 157) C. all of the above D. selective prevention

7. In the two-factor position, what does factor 1 reflect? A. socially deviant or antisocial lifestyle. B. a more powerful idicator of psychopathy. C. interpersonal and emotional components of the disorder (chapter 7, page 181) D. typical psychoathy

8. What factors do the genral public believe that psychopathic tendecies are caused by? A. Abuse B. poor upbringinng C. A, B, and D (chapter 7, page 189) D. social factors

9. What is schizophrenia? A. sensing or perceiving things or events that others do not sense or perceive B. false beliefs about the world C. believing in the demons D. the mental disorder that people most often associate with "crazy behavior" (chapter 8, page 211)

10. The offender characteristics of inmates are identified as mentally disordered by ______________________________________________________. A. Gender B. Race/Hispanic Origin C. Age D. All of Above (chapter 8, page 237)

1. This theoretical perspective on human nature views human beings as born neutral: a. Positivist perspective b. Nonconformity perspective

c. Conformist perspective

d. Learning perspective (Ch. 1, pg. 4)

2. The process of Theory testing is called… a. Classical Theory

b. Coercion Theory

c. Theory Verification (Ch.1, pg 3)

d. Attachment Theory

3. Define schizophrenia. a. Sensing or perceiving things or events that others do not sense or perceive

b. False beliefs about the world

c. Believing in the demons

d. The mental disorder that people most often associate with "crazy behavior" (Ch 8, pg 211)

4. ___________ is a technique for assigning experimental subjects to experimental and control groups randomly. a. Testing b.Interval invalidity c. Matching d. Randomization (Ch.8, pg. 252) 5. Which of the following are social risk factors? a. Peer rejection b. Antisocial peers c. Poverty d.All of the above (Ch 2, pg. 29)

6. According to pyschologist ______, psychopaths are social predators who charm, manipulate, and ruthlessly plow their way through life, leaving a broad trail of broken hearts, shattered expectations and empty wallets.

a. James Cattell

b. Robert Hare (Ch 7, pg. 171)

c. Alfred Binet

d. Alfred Adler

7. The primary purpose of __________ is to identify the causes of criminal behavior. a. Theories of crime (Ch 1, pg 3) b. Just-world hypothesis c. Classical theory d. Theory verification

8. In lab studies, mimicking conditions that bring out aggressions is also known as _________. a. Humanizing (Ch. 4, pg. 107) b. Stimulation c. De-humanizing d. Depression

9. APD stands for a. Antisocial personality drug

b. Adolescent personality drug

c. Antisocial personality disorder (Ch.8, pg.213)

d. Adolescents personality disorder

10. Which of the following is NOT one of Eysenck's four higher order factors of personality? (Ch. 3, pg. 71) a. General intelligence

b. Extraversion c. Psychoticism d. Ambiversion (Ch. 3, pg. 71) 1. The multidisciplinary study of crime is 1. Criminology 2. Social Criminology 3. Psychological Criminology 4. Psychiatric Criminology Chapter 1 page 13 2.The carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will is 1. Sex offences 2. Simple assaults 3. Aggravated assaults 4. Forcible Rape Chapter 2 page 31 3. One of the strongest predictors of later involvement in antisocial behavior is 1. Spoiled by parents early in life 2. Early rejection by peers 3. In middle school 4. All of the above Chapter 3 page 56 4. Twin studies have not invariably found ___________criminal concordance rates in favor of identical twins. 1. High 2. Low 3. No significant difference 4. Medium to low Chapter 3 page 70 5. __________ believed that a comprehensive theory of criminality must allow for an examination of the neurophysiological make up and the unique socialization history of each individual. 1. Watson 2. Skinner 3. Eysenck 4. Mizell Chapter 5 page 121

6. Domestic violence or domestic disputes are very common factors in 1. Aggressive driving 2. Road rage 3. Both aggressive driving and road rage 4. None of the above Chapter 5 page 122 7. Which answer is NOT a model identified by Bandura? 1. Family members 2. Members of on subcultural 3. Symbolic models provided by the mass media 4. Church members Chapter 6 page 142 8. Nuisance crimes against society, such as noise violations are 1. Statue offenses 2. Public order offenses 3. Drug offenses 4. Unlawful acts against persons Chapter 7 page 181 9. Which factor reflects the interpersonal and emotional components of the disorder and consists of items measuring remorseless, callousness, and selfish use and manipulation of others. 1. Factor 1 2. Factor 2 3. Factor 3 4. Factor 4 Chapter 8 page 211 10. Which is NOT a subtype of schizophrenia? 1. Disorganized 2. Catatonic 3. Paranoid 4. Hallucination 1. _________ is commonly defined as conduct or failure to act in violation of the law forbidding or commanding it, and for which a range of possible penalties exist upon conviction. A. Trial B. Crime C. Phenomenon D. Verification

(Chapter 1, Page 1)

2. What type of offenses are forbidden only to juveniles because of their age? A. Status B. Property C. Hate D. Cognitions

(Chapter 1, Page 24)

3. __________ refers to parents‟ awareness of their child‟s peer associates, free-time activities, and physical whereabouts when outside the home. A. Parental Supervision B. Parental Dictatorship C. Parental Monitoring D. Parental Social Theory

(Chapter 2, Page 39)

4. Behavioral indicators of a conduct disorder can be observed in the context of interactions with _____ well before school entry. A. Toys B. Siblings C. Parents D. Pets

(Chapter 2, Page 49)

5. What is the name for psychologists who study the biological aspects of behavior? A. Biopsychologists B. Biological psychologists C. Behavior psychologists D. They have no specific name

(Chapter 3, Page 53)

6. “We may conclude that intelligence is a factor in the causation of criminality but that its contribution is probably smaller than one might have thought at first.” This was written by who? A. Mike Huckabee B. Bobby Jindal C. Gustave Le Bon D. Hans J. Eysenck

(Chapter 3, Page 71)

7. A _______ is a person, object, or event that elicits behavior. A. Contributor B. Stimulus C. Incentive D. Condition 8. Skinner was a strong ________.

(Chapter 4, Page 87)

A. Female B. Alien C. Situationist D. Reinforcement

(Chapter 4, Page 89)

9. Delinquents are juveniles between the ages of __ and __, who have committed a delinquent act according to criminal law. A. 1, 17 B. 0, 9 C. 10, 15 D. 7, 12

(Chapter 6, Page 139)

10. “Duty to warn” was redefined two years later as a “duty to _______.” (Tarasoff court case, 1976) A. Help B. Protect C. Notify D. Keep silent

(Chapter 8, Page 239)

Bonus Points 1. Who do children tend to reject? Chapter 2 Page 31 a. Those that frequently use physical or verbal aggression. b. Those that look different. c. Those that wear mismatched clothes. d. Those that have divorced parents. 2. What are the three things that define temperament? Chapter 3 Page 62 a. Age, Gender, Nature vs Nurture b. Has a constitutional or biological basis, Appears in infancy, Influenced by environment. c. Taste in music, Favorite movies, Favorite toys. d. Relationship with pets, Having imaginary friends, Being an only child. 3. Birth complications are associated with? Chapter 3 Page 64 a. Psychosocial tendencies.

the

b. Paternal absence. c. Maternal seperation. d. Violent and persistent offending. 4. What are the higher order factors of personality? Chapter 3 Page 71 a. General intelligence, extraversion, neuroticism, psychoticism. b. Introversion and extraversion c. None of the above d. All of the above 5. What did Skinner believe the primary goal of psychology was? Chapter 4 Page 87 a. Prediction and control of behavior. b. Mind control c. A way to learn d. To prevent the need for medication 6. What is the contagion effect? Chapter 5 Page 133 a. Tendency to model an activity portrayed in media b. Tendency to dare people to do things c. Spread your ideas to friends d. Influence people to do something using social media 7. What is a reason girls will commit a violent act? Chapter 6 Page 145 a. Because fighting is cool b. Because one was messing with another's significant other c. To gain status d. To show they are the boss 8. Neuropsychological indicators that have been found in psychopaths are called? Chapter 7 Page 189 a. Markers

b. Nerves c. Dots d. Squiggles 9. Psychopathy seems to be a result of? Chapter 7 Page 200 a. Interaction of biopsychological, social, learning factors b. Physical, environmental factors, media c. Birth complication d. Vitamin deficiency 10. Paranoid disorders are characterized by? Chapter 8 Page 21 a. Non-believable delusion b. Believable delusion c. Both a & b d. Neither a nor b

Chapter 1 pg 14: What Part I crime is the most frequently reported crime, at approximately 60% of Part I crimes? a. Motor Vehicle Theft b. Robbery c. Burglary d. Larceny-Theft

Chapter 1 pg 23: This violent crime is committed approximately 1 million times each year

a. murder b. intimate partner violence c. aggravated assault d. rape

Chapter 2 pg 50: Conduct Disorder (CD) patterns in girls are a strong predictor of lifelong problems, such as poor interpersonal relations, criminal behavior, early pregnancy and frequent job loss. a. True b. False

Chapter 2 pg 40-41: What term explains that the early relationship of an infant and caregiver can be highly influenced by the quality of social relationships later in life? a. Parental monitoring b. Enmeshed style c. Attachment theory d. Self-regulation

Chapter 3 pg 55: ______ is a key concept in twin studies. It is the genetic term used for the degree to which related pairs of subjects both show a particular behavior or condition. a. concordance b. shared environment c. temperament d. identical twins Chapter 3 pg 75:

Reacts intensely and lastingly to stress, moody, touchy, sensitive, anxious and likely to complain. These are all qualities of what personality trait under Eysenck's Theory of Personality and Crime? a. Extraversion b. Neuroticism c. Psychoticism d. Ambiversion

Chapter 4 pg 86: Behaviorism officially began in 1913 with the publication of a landmark paper written by ______? a. B.F. Skinner b. John B. Watson c. Ivan Pavlov d. Leonard Berkowitz

Chapter 4 pg 92-93: The Expectancy theory suggests that to understand criminal behavior we must examine perceptions, thoughts, expectancies, competencies and values. a. True b. False

Chapter 5 pg 119: "Aggression is displaced when the target is innocent of any wrongdoing but is simply in the wrong place at the wrong time". This quote is referring to? a. excitation transfer theory b. displaced aggression theory c. road rage

d. rumination

Chapter 5 pg 128: Overt aggression displays behavior patterns such as concealment, dishonesty, sneaky behavior and increases with age. a. True b. False

1. Which of the following crimes is NOT an index crime? Ch. 1, pg 13 a. Forcible Rape b. Larceny-theft c. fraud d. murder

2. The major self-report surveys that collect data on drug abuse include the following except: Ch. 1, pg. 21 a. American Drug Abuse Surveys (ADAS) b. Arrestees Drug Abuse Monitoring Program (ADAM) c. National Household Survey on Drug Abuse d. Monitoring the future Study (MFS) 3. Parents demonstrate detachment and very little involvement in their children's lives with a parenting style. Ch. 2, pg. 37 a. permissive b. authoritarian c. neglecting d. authoritative

4. The link between faulty brain development and pathological violence is especially strong if the dysfunction is located in the . Ch 3, pg 65 a. frontal lobe b. occipital lobe c. medulla oblongata d. temporal lobe

5. Frustration induced riots can easily be seen after an event like the a. acquittal of the LA police officers after the beating of Rodney King b. New York City blackout of '77 c. Hurricane Katrina d. all of the above

. Ch 4, pg 97

6. An incident in which an angry, impatient, or aroused motorist intentionally injured or kills, or tries to injure or kill, another motorist, passenger, or pedestrian, in response to a traffic dispute, altercation, or grievance is known as . Ch. 5, pg 119 a. road rage b. aggressive driving c. homicidal motorist theory d. the taxi effect

7. Covert aggression actions include a. Direct confrontation with victims

Ch 5, pg 128

b. anger, high levels of arousal and violence c. planfulness or deceitfulness d. all of the above

8. In 2007, girls accounted for 6 pg 144 a. 9 b.12 c. 43 d. 17

% of the juvenile arrests for part I violent crimes.

Ch.

9. Which is NOT one of Checkley's primary psychopath descriptions Ch 7, pg 174 a. immense anxiety b. impersonal sex life c. bizarre behavior after drinking alcohol d. good intellegence

10. Of all female state inmates, ____ % are identified as mentally disordered. Ch 8, pg 236. a. 55.0 b. 61.2 c. 36.8 d. 73.1

1

Which is not a Part I Crime?

a) Robbery b) Burglary c) Fraud d) Arson (Chapter 1, page 13)

2 of

Poverty, school failure, and early peer rejection are some examples Risk Factors. a) Parental b) Psychological c) Family d) Social (Chapter 2, page 42)

3 is the study of the dynamic interactions between behavior and the autonomic nervous system. a) Criminology b) Psychological (Chapter 3, page 60) c) Psychology d) Philosophy

4 believed that the primary goal of psychology is the prediction and control of behavior. a) Skinner (Chapter 4, page 86) b) Pavlov c) Nietzal d) Jeffrey

5 According to Loeber and Stouthamer –Loeber, the two forms of aggression are different in a) cognition and development b) emotions c) behavior patterns d) all of the above (Chapter 5, page 127)

6 Child delinquents are juveniles between the ages of committed a delinquent act according to criminal law. a) 6,10 b) 5,15 c) 8,16 d) 7,12 (Chapter 6, page 139)

and

who have

7 psychopaths commit antisocial or violent acts because of severe emotional problems or inner conflicts. a) Primary b) Secondary (Chapter 7, page 172) c) Dyssocial d) Criminal

8

What is the most recent guidebook clinicians use to define mental disorders? a) DSM II b) DSM I c) DSM IV (Chapter 8, page 210) d) DSM III

9 is the mental disorders that people most often associate with “crazy behavior,” it frequently manifests itself in highly biza rre actions. a) Schizophrenia (Chapter 8, page 211) b) Personality c) PTSD d) Amnesia

10 In consequences of behavior… a) reinforcement

, an organism receives noxious or painful stimuli as

b) punishment (Chapter 4, page 90) c) negative reinforcement d) extinction

1. FBI define a hate crime as a "criminal offense committed against:" ch 1 pg 17 A. person B. property C. society D. all of the above

2. What parental style displays tolerant, nonpunitive, accepting attitudes toward their children's behavior? Ch 2 pg 37 A. neglecting style B. authoritarian style C. permissive style D. authoritative style

3. Who usually have road rage? ch 5 pg 120 A. young males B. young females C. older males and females D. none of the above

4. Insanity Defense Reform Act of ? Ch 8 pg 223 A. 1800 B. 1992 C. 1984 D. 2002 5. Theory that emphasizes free will as the hallmark of human behavior: ch 1 pg 4 A. classical theory B. positivist theory C. social control theory D. all of are correct answers

6. Which focuses on individual criminal behavior; the science of the behavior and mental processes of the criminal? ch 1 pg 7 A. sociological criminology B. psychological criminology C. psychiatric criminology D. B and C are correct

7. When humans are born neutral and behavior is learned through social interactions with other people: ch 1 pg 6

A. learning perspective B. nonconformist perspective C. conformity perspective D. learning theory

8. What parenting style is detached and unengaged in child's life? ch 2 pg 37 A. permissive B. neglecting C. aurthoritarian D. aurhoriative

9. No reinforcement or punishment for undesired behavior? ch 4 pg 90 A. positive reinforcement B. punishment C. extiniction D. negative reinforcement 10. What is the core factors for affective? ch 7 pg 182 A. poor self regulation B. shallow emotions C. lying D. sensation seeking

Re: Bonus Points/ Confusion
by Scott Sean - Monday, 7 April 2014, 8:29 PM

Sean Scott Bonus questions

1. _____is killing another as a result of recklessness or cultivable negligence. A. Aggravated assault B. Negligent Manslaughter Chapter 9 page 250 C. Assault D. Murder

2. ______is causing death of another person without legal justification or excuse. A. Criminal Homicide Chapter 9 page 250 B. Assault C. Negligent Manslaughter D. Terrorism

3. Nationwide data indicate that firearms are used approximately _____ in all homicides. A. 50% B. 20% C. 90% D. 70% chapter 9 page 254

4. ______,where the mere sight of an aggressive stimulus can influence behavior. A. Drug Effect B. Assault Effect C. Weapons Effect chapter 9 page 255 D. Terrorism Effect

5. _______is characterized by cold blooded, non-emotional, and premeditated aggression for the purpose of personal gain, such as robbery or bullying.

A. Proactive Violence chapter 9 page 259 B.Gun Violence C. Drug Violence D. Weapons Effect

6. ______, which refers to the killing of a child older than 24 hours. A. Neonaticide B. Filicide chapter 9 page 272 C. Homicide D. Assault

7. The killing of one's father is called _____. A. Matricide B. Parricide C.Fratricide D. Patricide chapter 9 page 280

8. ________ involves killing three or more persons at a single location with no cooling off period between murders. A. Serial Killer B. Mass Murder chapter 10 page 302 C. Spree Murder D. Classic Mass Murder

9.There is no single identifiable casual factor in the development of a serial killer. True chapter 10 page 234

False

10. The power/control type strives for pleasure and thrill seeking, and feels that people are objects to use for one's own enjoyment. True False chapter 10 page 309

11. Investigations of school shooters have consistently found that the two characteristics emerge are ____. A. Fear and Pride B. Peer Rejection and Fear C. Peer Pressure and Social Rejection chapter 10 page 314 D. Lonely and Revenge

12. Bioterrorism involves the use of bacteria, viruses, germs, and other agents such as anthrax, bubonic plague, and smallpox. True chapter 11 page 331 False

13. ____refers to the tendency of groups to develop beliefs and make decisions that are more extreme that the initial inclination of its members. A. Risky Shift chapter 11 page 334 B. Fail Safe C. Lone Wolf Terrorists D. Risk Takers

14. Forcible rape is the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will.

True chapter 12 page 353 False

15. _______ a term coined in 1984, refers specifically to a sexual assault within the context of a dating relationship. A. Statutory Rape B. Date Rape chapter 12 page 354 C. Rape by Fraud D. Marital Rape

16. In sadistic rape, the offender uses more force than necessary for compliance and engages in variety of sexual acts that are particularly degrading or humiliating to the woman. True False chapter 12 page 368

17. In power rape, the assailment seeks to establish power and control over his victim. True chapter 12 page 368 False

18. _______is the clinical term for the more commonly used terms child molestation and child sexual abuse. A. Hebephia B. Pedophila chapter 12 page 378 C. Stalker D. Rapist

19. The _______ is drawn to children for both sexual and aggressive reasons. A. Exploitative Pedophile B. Regressed Pedophile C. Aggressive Pedophile chapter 13 page 378 D. Fixated Pedophile

20. Exhibitionism is the deliberate exposure of the genitals to another person to achieve sexual gratification. True chapter 13 page 397 False

1. __________ refers to the killing of a newborn within the first 24 hours of birth, __________ refers to the killing of a child older than 24 hours. a. Filicide, neonaticide b. Infanticide, neonaticide c. Infanticide, filicide d. Feonaticide, filicide 2. __________ is the killing of one‟s own parents. a. Patricide b. Matricide c. Parricide d. Fratricide 3. Which is the most common crime scene type? a. Organized b. Disorganized c. Mixed

d. None of the above 4. __________ is the killing of 3 or more people without stopping. a. Serial b. Spree c. Mass d. All of the above 5. Which the deadliest domestic terrorist incident ever committed on U.S. soil up until this point? a. 9/11 b. Atlanta Olympics bombing c. Army of God” bombings on abortion clinics d. Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building bombing 6. All terrorists suffer from some sort of mental disorder. a. True b. False 7. There is a great deal of support for a direct causal link between pornography use and sexual aggression. a. True b. False 8. __________ is believed to be the most serious unreported crime. a. Rape b. Homicide c. Assault d. All of the above 9. Average age that female sex offenders target victims is just under __________ years old. a. 15

b. 16 c. 8 d. 12 10. What is the most frequent type of shoplifter? a. Emotionally disturbed b. Occasional c. Amateur d. Impulse 11. Who proposed the concept of occupational crime? a. Gary Green b. Edwin H. Sutherland c. Lloyd Klemke d. None of the above 12. Prostitution is illegal in all states in the U.S. a. True b. False 13. __________ robbery is more prevalent in the U.S. a. Commercial b. Bank c. Residence d. Highway/street 14. Which of the following describes a person that sends repeated threats and harassing messages over the internet? a. Cyberbully b. Cyberstalker c. Stalker

d. None of the above 15. When victim becomes attracted to his/her captor this is known as Florence-Nightingale Syndrome. a. True b. False 16. The most frequently identified motive for bombings is __________. a. Homicide b. Vandalism c. Insurance fraud d. Revenge 17. There has been a decline in juvenile drug use nationwide. a. True b. False 18. Heroin abuse in juveniles is __________ compared to the __________ usage of Xanax and cough medicines with codeine. a. Low, high b. High, low 19. Drug and alcohol use cause violence in adolescent offenders. a, True b. False 20. An unlawful touching of another person is also known as a. Assault b. Negligence c. Battery d. None of the above

Bonus: Chapters 9 – 16

1. ____ is killing another as a result of recklessness or culpable negligence. a. Murder b. Malice aforethought c. Criminal homicide d. Negligent manslaughter (chapter 9, p. 250)

2. Killing one or more of one‟s parents is known as: a. Patricide b. Parricide c. Matricide d. Murder (chapter 9, p. 280)

3. The gathering of various kinds of information about a person or persons is: a. Criminal profiling b. Racial profiling c. Profiling (chapter 10, p. 294) d. Psychological profiling

4. Sylvia Seegrist, nicknamed “Ms. Rambo,” could best describe what type of murder? a. Spree murder b. Mass murder c. Classic mass murder (chapter 10, p. 303) d. Serial murder

5. Authority homicide would be classified as what type of workplace violence? a. Type I b. Type II c. Type III (chapter 10, p. 319) d. Type IV

6. Which is not one of the motivational categories in the terrorist typology? a. The culturally motivated terrorist b. The rationally motivated terrorist c. The psychologically motivated terrorist d. Morally motivated terrorist ( chapter 11, p. 331)

7. What is the primary reason for joining a terrorist group? a. Increased social standing among family and friends b. Peer influence (chapter 11, p. 334) c. Hatred toward another‟s country d. Moral justification

8. Engaging in a series of “point-of-no-return rituals” to ensure compliance is a type of failsafe procedures. a. True (chapter 11, p. 335) b. False

9. This act preserves the three-tier offender categorization: a. The Pam Lychner Sexual Offender Tracking and Identification Act b. Megan‟s Law

c. The Adam Walsh Act (chapter 12, p. 351) d. PROTECT Act

10. ___ is the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will. a. Statutory rape b. Marital rape c. Date rape d. Forcible rape (chapter 12, p. 353)

11. Sexual contact by adult males with young adolescents is known as: a. Hebephilia (chapter 13, p. 379) b. Paraphilia c. Pedophile d. Pedophilia

12. The aggressive (or sadistic) pedophile is drawn to children for both sexual and aggressive reasons. a. True (chapter 13, p. 387) b. False

13. ____, also known as scoptophilia or inspectionalism, is the tendency to gain sexual excitement and gratification from observing unsuspecting others naked, undressing, or engaging in sexual activity. a. Fetishism b. Partialism c. Voyeurism (chapter 13, p. 400) d. Exhibitionism

14. Prentky concluded that this type of therapy should focus on sexual preference: a. Evocative therapy b. Cognitive behavior therapy (chapter 13, p. 404) c. Psychoeducational counseling d. Drug treatment

15. All, except ___ is considered a Part I Property Crime a. Arson b. Larceny-theft c. Murder d. Burglary (chapter 14, p. 410)

16. A crime that often affects large segments of the population and can cause extensive economic and emotional distress to victims is ____. a. Crimes against the public order b. Burglary c. Arson d. Theft 17. The irresistible impulse to steal unneeded objects would best describe a: a. Shoplifter b. Burglar c. Kleptomania (chapter 14, p. 429) d. Boosters (chapter 14, p. 411)

18. ___ refers to any illegal act that involves a computer system.

a. Cybocop b. Cybercrime (chapter 15, p. 453) c. Cyberstalking d. Cyberbullying

19. Since the 1970s, the FBI has classified hostage takers into four categories: terrorists, prisoners, criminals, and the mentally disordered. a. True (chapter 15, p. 459) b. False

20. Among juvenile arrestees, what drug was far and away the most frequently detected drug? a. Cocaine b. Multiple drugs c. Amphetamines d. Marijuana (chapter 16. P. 482)

1. About half of all gun deaths are suicide. A. True B. False Answer: TRUE (page 254, chapter 9)

2. In 1995, about ____ percent of arrests for simple assault involved family members. A. 68 B. 100 C. 0 D. 49.459

Answer: 68 (page 265, chapter 9)

3. ______ is when a caretaker/parent shakes a baby to the point of serious head injury. A. Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) B. Broken Baby Syndrome (BBS) C. Stupid Baby Syndrome (SBS) D. Munchausen Syndrome by proxy (MSBP) Answer: Shaken Baby Syndrome (page 271, chapter 9)

4. _____ is when a person kills a 3 or more people over time. A. Serial Murder B. 3-person Murder C. Single Murder D. Double Homicide Answer: Serial Murder (page 302, chapter 10)

5. A Winchester 12-guage is __________________. A. A shotgun B. A pistol C. A size of earring D. None of the above Answer: A shotgun (page 311, chapter 10)

6. ____ percent of total arrests for forcible rape were under age 15. A. 5 B. 100 C. 29 D. 15 Answer: 5 (page 358, chapter 12)

7. ______ is a sexual arousal coming from a non-usual part of the human body. A. Partialism B. Imagery C. Fetish D. Sex

Answer: Partialism (page 400, chapter 13)

8. ______ is a crime that often affects large segments of the population and can cause extensive economic and emotional distress to victims. A. Burglary B. Murder C. Rape D. Playing Miley Cyrus‟s Music Answer: Burglary (page 411, chapter 14)

9. Juveniles tend to burglarize close to their own residence. A. True B. False Answer: True (page 415, chapter 14)

10. Shoplifting is a form of larceny-theft. A. True B. False Answer: True (page 422, chapter 14)

1. The UCR only includes murder under the rubric for criminal homicide for reporting purposes. A. True B. False (pg 250 Ch 9) 2. What weapon accounts for 70% of all homicides? A. Guns (pg 254 Ch 9) B. Knives C. Baseball bats D. Fists 3.Females are four times more likely to carry firearms than males.

A. True B. False (pg. 254 Ch 9) What is undoing? A. a behavior found where the individual tries to undo the murder due to close association to the person (pg 292 ch 10) B. to remove an object C. to try a crime multiple times after failing D. to change outfits to get rid of evidence 5. An organized crime scene indicates what? A. premeditation and careful planning B. very impulsive individual C. perpetrator knew what they were doing D. Both A and C (pg 292 ch 10) 6. Criminal profiling is process of identifying personality traits, behavioral patterns, etc. A. True (pg 292 ch 10) B. False 7. The Earth Liberation Front is labled as what kind of terrorist group? A. radical environmental groups (330 ch 11) B. special interest extremists C. right wing extremists D. left wing extremists 8. Bio terrorism is the use of what agents? A. bacteria, viruses, germs (Ch 11 pg 330) B. explosives C. guns D. internet viruses

9. Withdrawl response also theorized by Martin Seligman is also called? A. reactive depression (pg 333 Ch 11) B. dissassociation C. anti-social disorder D. introvert 10. Young people lacking what join many terrorist groups? A. self esteem (pg 333 ch 10) B. social life C. money D. religion 11. What percent of adolescent sex offenders come from two parent homes, attend school and achieve average grades? A. 70 (ch 12 pg 349) B. 50 C. 10 D. 1 12. What the definition of expressive sexual aggression? A. offenders aim is to harm victim physically as well as psychologically (ch 12 pg 349) B. offender tries to keep victim safe c. offender hurts victim on accident D. offender never hurts victim 13, Uncontrollable urges is one of the theories behind why men rape. A. True (pg 359 ch 12) B. False 14. The MTC stands for what?

A. Massachusetts Treatment Center (ch 12 pg 363) B. Minnesota Treatment Center C. Memorial Tether Center D. Michigan Treatment Center 15. A pedophile is almost always male. A. True ( PG 381 ch 13) B. False 16. Biggest motive for burglary is? A. Monetary gain (pg 417 ch 14) B. pride C. to feel good about oneself D. revenge 17. 15 percent of all robberies take place where? A. commercial establishments (ch 15 pg 449) B. residences C. bathrooms D. bedrooms 18. Any illegal act involving a computer system is called what? A. Cybercrime (pg 253 ch 15) B. Theft C. Burglary D. Murder 19. What drug is mostly used among juveniles? A. tobacco B. Marijuana (ch 16 pg 479)

C. Crack Cocaine D. PCP 20. Drug courts are used to be first step in helping nonviolent criminals with drug problems. A. True (pg 481 ch 16) B. False B. False 1. In 2007, individuals under age 25 made up 60 percent of all violent crime arrestees.

1. True 2. False Chapter 9 page 252

2. __________ is the intention to inflict serious bodily injury.

1. 2. 3. 4.

Assault Negligent manslaughter Aggravated assault Chapter 9 page 215 Criminal homicide

3. African Americans accounted for approximately 53 percent of all arrest for homicides in 2007.

1. True Chapter 9 page 251-252 2. False

4. Which are types of maltreatment?

1. Family abduction 2. Emotional Abuse 3. Physical Abuse 4. All of the Above Chapter 9 page 268

5. Child abduction is a form of child abuse.

True Chapter 9 page 269 False

6. ____________ refers to self-arousal and self-gratification of sexual desire without a partner. 1. 2. 3. 4. Autoeroticism Chapter 10 page 292 Personation Staging None of the above

7. _____________ is the process of identifying personality traits, behavioral patterns, geographical habits, and demographic features of an offender based on characteristics of the crime.

1. 2. 3. 4.

Geographical profiling Racial profiling Criminal profiling Chapter 10 page 294 Psychological profiling

8. Authority homicide would be classified as what type of workplace violence? 1. 2. 3. 4. Type III Chapter 10 page 319 Type II Type I Type IV

9. The use of biological agents is known as ____________? 1. Bioterrorism Chapter 11 page 331 2. NBC terrorism 3. Lone Wolf terrorist 4. None of the above

10. Theodore Kaczynski is a primary example of a “Lone Wolf Terrorist.” 1. True Chapter 11 page 337 2. False

11. _____________refers to the tendency of groups to develop beliefs and make decisions that are more extreme that the initial inclination of its members. 1. Deindividuation 2. Risky Shift chapter 11 page 334 3. Lone Wolf Terrorists 4. None of the above

12. Terrorists are a very heterogeneous group. 1. True Chapter 11 page 332 2. False

13. Culturally motivated terrorists are driven by fear of irreparable damage to their way of living. 1. True Chapter 11 page 332 2. False

14. __________ Is “the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will.” 1. 2. 3. 4. Marital rape Statutory rape Rape by Fraud None of the above Chapter 12 page 353

15. __________ refers specifically to a sexual assault that occurs within the context of a dating relationship. 1. 2. 3. 4. Marital rape Date rape Chapter 12 page 354 Forcible rape Statutory rape

16. Admitters justified their rape behavior primarily by making the victim blameworthy. 1. True 2. False Chapter 12 page 361

17. __________ the term often used for the offender. 1. Pedophilia 2. Paraphilia

3. Pedophile Chapter 13 page 378 4. Hebephilia

18. Nationwide, the residential burglary rate is 19 per 1,000 inhabitant. 1. True 2. False Chapter 14 Page 411

19. ___________ is taking or attempting to take anything of value the care, custody, or control of a person or persons by force or violence and by putting the victim in fear. 1. Robbery Chapter 15 Page 446 2. Arson 3. Cybercrime 4. None of the above 20. What type drug is mostly used among juveniles? 1. 2. 3. 4. Opium Synthetic Narcotics Marijuana Chapter 16 Page 479 None of the above

1. Nearly ________% of the victims of sniper attacks were male? A. 80 (Ch. 9; pg 256) B. 50 C. 20 D. 60 2. ____________ is when the parent or caretakers usually in anger, shakes the baby so hard that serious head injury results. A. Munchausen syndrome B. shaken baby syndrome (Ch. 9; pg 271) C. infanticide D. none of the above

3. _________ murder normally refers to the killing of three or more individuals without any cooling off period, usually at two or more locations. A. mass B. serial C. family mass D. spree murder (Ch.10; pg. 302) 4. In __________ % of school homicides, the murderer used a rifle. A. 69 B. 11 (Ch. 10; pg. 315) C. 52 D. 23 5. ______________ motivated terrorists are those who consider the goals of the organization and the possible consequences of their actions. A. rationally (Ch. 11; pg. 331) B. psychologically C. culturally D. none of the above 6. ___________ rape is carnal knowledge of a girl under the age of consent. A. forcible B. date C. marital D. statutory (Ch. 12; pg. 353) 7. ___________ pedophile is drawn to children for both sexual and aggressive reasons. A. exploitative B. sadistic (Ch. 13; pg. 387) C. regressed

D. fixated 8. __________ occurs when one individual or a group of individuals misappropriate another person's personal identification information, such as, name, social security number, date of birth, mother's maiden name, and uses the information to take over existing credit card or bank accounts, apply for a mortgage or car loan, make large purchases, or apply for insurance. A. identity theft (Ch. 14; pg. 421) B. larceny C. arson D. burglary 9. ________ is NOT a category of stalking. A. love obsession B. erotomania C. vengeance D. obsessive (Ch. 15; pg. 457) 10. In 2003, __________ % of college students admitted to using marijuana in the past year. A. 33.7 (Ch. 16; pg. 488) B. 40.6 C. 76.3 D. 13.8 1. This kind of violence is hot-blooded, emotionally charged, and enacted quickly for the purpose of harming a perceived provocateur or defending oneself: (Ch. 9, pg. 258) a. proactive violence b. reactive violence c. instrumental violence d. general violence 2. The chronic failure of a parent or caretaker to provide a child with basic needs such as food, clothing, shelter, medical care, educational opportunity, protection, and supervision is termed: (Ch. 9, pg. 268) a. child neglect b. emotional neglect

c. physical abuse d. emotional abuse 3. Christine Rasche (1993) examined 155 “mate” homicides in Florida between 1980 and 1986 and found that _________ was the most prominent motive behind these intimate homicides. (Ch. 9, pg. 277) a. self-defense b. abuse by victim c. possessiveness d. feelings arising out of arguments 4. Which of the following is NOT one of the profile characters of organized murderers as classified by the FBI? (Ch. 10, pg. 293) a. controlled mood during crime b. harsh childhood discipline c. average to above-average intelligence d. precipitating situational stress 5. Which of the following is NOT a main characteristic of a lone wolf terrorist? (Ch. 11, pg. 337) a. act without the direct influence of a leader or hierarchy b. more likely to be emotionally disturbed c. demonstrate poor interpersonal and social skills d. attacks are spontaneous and unplanned 6. In this type of rape, according to Groth (1979), the offender uses more force than necessary for compliance and engages in a variety of sexual acts that are particularly degrading or humiliating to the victim: (Ch. 12, pg. 368) a. violent rape b. sadistic rape c. power rape d. anger rape 7. The basic premise of the emotional congruence theory on pedophilia suggests that: (Ch. 13, pg. 395) a. Pedophiles become unusually sexually aroused to stimuli not typical of other adults. b. Pedophilia is the result of unattainable sexual and emotional gratification with adults. c. Pedophiles see themselves as children with childish emotional needs. d. Pedophilia is the result of poor regulation and self-control. 8. According to Nee and Taylor (1988), this category of relevant cues used by experienced residential burglars includes things such as letters visible in the mailbox and open window blinds: (Ch. 14, pg. 413) a. wealth cues b. occupancy cues c. layout cues d. security cues

9. This type of stalking is considered delusional, and the stalker is often plagued by serious mental disorder: (Ch. 15, pg. 457) a. simple obsession stalking b. erotomania stalking c. love obsession stalking d. vengeance stalking 10. Which major category of psychoactive drugs includes lysergic acid diethylamide, mescaline, psilocybin, ketamine, and marijuana and hashish? (Ch. 16, pg. 485) a. stimulants b. opiate narcotics c. hallucinogens d. sedative-hypnotic compounds

1. ______ is the clinical term for the more commonly used term for child molestation and child sexual abuse. 1. 2. 3. 4. Rapist Stalker Hebephia Pedophile

Ch. 12 pg 378

2. This type of stalking is considered delusional, and the stalker is often plagued by serious mental disorder. a. simple obsession stalking b. vengeance stalking b. erotomania stalking c. love obsession stalking 3. The chronic failure of a parent or caretaker to provide a child with basic needs such as food, clothing, shelter, medical care, educational opportunity, protection, and supervision is termed: ( a. physical abuse b. child neglect c. emotional abuse d. emotional neglect Ch. 9, pg. 268 Ch. 15 pg. 457

4. In __________ % of school homicides, the murderer used a rifle. a. 69 b. 23 c. 52 d. 11 Ch. 10 pg. 315

5. __________ occurs when one individual or a group of individuals misappropriate another person's personal identification information, such as, name, social security number, date of birth, mother's maiden name, and uses the information to take over existing credit card or bank accounts, apply for a mortgage or car loan, make large purchases, or apply for insurance. a. arson b. larceny c. identity theft d. burglary Ch. 14 pg. 421

_________ is the killings of one‟s own father. 1. 2. 3. 4. Fratricide Patricide Parricide Matricide

Ch. 9 pg 280

6. What weapon accounts for 70% of all homicides? a. Fists b. Guns c. Brass knuckles Ch. 9 pg 254

d. Knives

7. _____________ is sexual contact by adult males with young adolescents. a. Paraphilia b. pedophilia c. Hebephilia d. Carnal Knowledge Ch. 13 pg. 379

8. Bio terrorism is the use of what agents? a. guns b. internet viruses c. bombs d. bacteria, virsuses, germs Ch. 11 pg 330

9.

__________ is the most frequently detected drug among juvenile arrestees. a. cocaine b. crack c. marijuana d. amphetamines Ch. 16 pg 482

10. About half of all gun deaths are suicide.

True False

Ch.9 pg 254

11. _______% of total arrest for forcible rape that are under the age of 15. a. 15 b. 100 c. 29 d. 5 Ch. 12 pg 358

12. __________ is the primary reason for joining a terrorist group. 1. 2. 3. 4. Moral justification Hatred toward another country c. Peer influence Ch. 11 pg 334 Increase social standing

13. __________ is a term that was coined in 1984 that refers to a sexual assault within the context of a dating relationship. a. Marital Rape b. Rape by fraud c. Date Rape d. Statutory Rape Ch. 12 pg 354

14. _________ pedophile is drawn to children for both sexual and aggressive reasons. a. fixated

b. regressed c. sadistic d. exploitatice Ch. 13 pg 387

15. What foes MTC stand for? a. Minnesota Treatment Center b. Mississippi Treatment Center c. Michigan Treatment Center d. Massachusetts Treatment Center Ch. 12 pg. 363

16. Authority homicide would be classified as this type of workplace violence _________. a. Type I b. Type II c. Type III d. Type IV Ch. 10 pg. 319

17. ____________ is the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will. a. Forcible rape b. Date rape c. Marital rape d. Statutory rape Ch. 12 pg. 353

18.

__________ is the intention to inflict serious bodily injury. a. Criminal homicide

b. Aggravated assault c. Assault d. Negligent manslaughter

Ch. 9

pg.215

19. __________ is the killing of another as a result of recklessness or culpable negligence. a. Negligent manslaughter b. Murder c. Criminal homicide d. Malice Ch. 9 pg 250

20.

______ is the illiegal act that involves a computer system. a. Identity theft b. Cyberbully c. Cyberstalking d. Cybercrime Ch. 15 pg 453

1. Criminologists generally study aggravated assault and homicide separately, primarily because they view many aggravated assaults as failed attempts. ( page 249, chapter 9) 1. True 2. False 2. The person charged with murder (first or second) or with nonnegligent manslaughter intended that his victim die. (page250, chapter 9) 1. True 2. False 3. Research has consistently shown that children born into an adverse neighborhood and disadvantaged family context are at ________risk for violence, either as offenders or victims. 1. High 2. Low

3. No 4. None of the above 4. ___________ is a method of identifying the area of probable residence or the probable area or the probable area of the next crime of an unknown offender based on location of and the spatial relationships among various crime sites. (page 294 chapter 10) 1. Criminal profiling 2. Geographical profiling 3. Psychological profiling 4. Racial profiling 5. Many serial homicide offenders are especially drawn to committing murder that attract media attention, send spine-chilling fear into the community, and are incomprehensible to the public.(page 304, chapter 10) 1. True 2. False 6. Right-wing extremist groups also been prevalent in American history. (page 330, chapter11) 1. True 2. False 7. During the past several decades, fear of __________terrorism has apparently accelerated. (page 330, chapter 11) 1. Nuclear 2. Biological 3. Chemical 4. All the above 8. _____________________ is when the sexual offender uses just enough coercion to gain compliance from his victim. (page 349, chapter 12) 1. Instrumental sexual aggression 2. Expressive sexual aggression 3. Forcible rape 4. Statutory rape 9. Rape by fraud is having sexual relations with a consenting adult female under fraudulent conditions. (page 353, chapter 12) 1. True 2. False 10. The year the date raped term was coined in 1948. (page 354, chapter 12) 1. True 2. False 11. Sexual deviations are caused by mental disorders or disease.(page 359, chapter 12) 1. Victim 2. Drug and alcohol 3. Mental illness or disease 4. Irresistible impulse 12. The study showed that 80% of rapist were unemployed or had a history of seasonal or unstable employment.(page 359, chapter12) 1. True 2. False

13. Noncriminal homosexual offenders represented the second largest group.(page 391, chapter 13) 1. True 2. False 14. Shoplifting is often considered a behavior that is displayed predominately by___________. (page424, chapter 14) 1. Adults 2. Juveniles 3. Men 4. Women 15. The irresistible impulse to steal unneeded objects is ___________. (page 429, chapter 14) 1. Snitch 2. Boosters 3. Kleptomania 4. None of the above 16. Prostitution is defined as the offering, agreement to offer, or provision of sexual relations in return for tangible rewards or favors.(page 438, chapter 14) 1. True 2. False 17. Which stalking is considered delusional, and the stalker is often plagued by serious mental disorders.( page 457, chapter 15) 1. Erotomania stalking 2. Vengeance stalking 3. Simple obsession stalking 4. Cyberstalking 18. The hostage taker holds victims against their will and uses them to obtain material gain or personal advantages.( page 459, chapter 15) 1. True 2. False 19. Which term specifically defines the setting of fires under certain conditions as a crime?(page 464, chapter 15) 1. Arson 2. Firesetting 3. Both of the above 4. None of the above 20. _____________ is a synthetic drug that is considered a stimulant, but it also has some strong psychedelic properties similar to methamphetamine and mescaline. (page 499, chapter 16) 1. Crack cocaine 2. Ecstasy 3. Heroin 4. Fentanyl 1. The 1. 2. 3. attraction between victim and captor is called? (Chap. 15 pg 455) Barricade situation Stockholm Syndrome Survivors

4. Simple obsession stalking 2. Which of these is not one of Walsh„s three kinds of expressive burglars? (Chap 14 pg 418) 1. Feral threat 2. The riddle-smith 3. The dominator 4. All of the above 3. Admitters essentially corroborated the story told by police and victims. (Ch. 12 pg 361) 1. True 2. False 4. Date rape refers to a sexual assault that occurs outside of a dating relationship. (Ch. 12 pg 354) 1. True 2. False 5. During the past several decades, fear of nuclear/biological/chemical (NBC) terrorism has accelerated. (Ch 11 pg 330) 1. True 2. False 6. The withdrawal response if often called _____. (Ch 11 pg 333) 1. Reactive depression 2. Learned helplessness 3. Codependency 4. Both A & B 7. Anything that goes beyond what is necessary to commit the crime is called the _____. (Ch 10 pg 291) 1. Personation 2. Signature 3. Both A & B 4. Investigative psychology 8. Proactive violence is hot blooded, emotionally charged, and enacted quickly for the purpose of harming a perceived provocateur or defending oneself. (Ch 9 pg 258-259) 1. True 2. False 9. How many females were murdered by the romantic triangle in 2007? (Ch 9 pg 253) 1. 5 2. 278 3. 28 4. 11 10. Which type of pedophile seeks children primarily to satisfy his sexual needs? (Ch 13 pg 387) 1. Fixated pedophile 2. Aggressive pedophile 3. Regressed pedophile. 4. Exploitative pedophile