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shall act accordingly, until the disability be removed, or a Presided t shall be elect-
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ness, but a smaller number may adjourn "We, the people of the United States, In from day to day, and may be authorized order to form a more perfect union, esto compel the attendance of absent memtablish justice, insure domestic tranquillibers in' such manner and under such ty, provide for the common defense, propenalties as each House may provide. secure the and general welfare, mote the Each Hpuse may- - determine the rules of our and liberty ourselves to blessings of proceedings, punish its members for its this establish and posterity, do ordain disorderly behavior, and, with the conConstitution for tha United States of expel a member. currence of America. Each House shall keep a journal of Its proceedings and from time to time pubARTICLE I- lish the same, excepting; such parts as powers herein may Sectlon 1. All legislative In their judgment require secrecy, granted shall be vested in a Congress of and the yeas and nays of the members of the United States, which shall consist of either House on any question shall, at a. Senate and House of Representatives. the desire of onefifth of those present, bo Sec 2. The House of Representatives entered on the journal. shall he composed Qf members chosen evNeither House, during the session of ery second year by the people of the sevshall, without the- consent of eral States, and the electors In. each State Congress, for more than three shall have the qualifications requisite for the other, adjourn electors of the most numerous branch of days, nor to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting. the State legislature. Sec. 6. The senators and representatives No person shall be a representative shall receive a, compensation for their who shall not have attained to the age of services, to be ascertained by law, and twenty-fiv- e years, and been seven yea-- s a paid out of the Treasury of the Unite 1 citizen of the United States, and who States. They shall In all cases, except Shalt not. when elected, be an Inhabitant treason, felony, and breach of the peace, of that State in which he shall ba be privileged from arrest during their atchosen. tendance at the session of their respect Representatives and direct taxes shall ive Houses, and in going to and returning amongStates several apportioned the be from the same, and for any speech or which may be included within this Union, debate in either House they shall not according to their respective numbers, be questioned in any other place. which shall be determined by adding to representative shall, duror No senator persons, in of whole free number the cluding those bound to service for a term ing the time for which he was elected, be appointed to any crtll office binder the of years, and excluding Indians not taxauthority of the United States, which s of all other persons. Th ed, actual enumeration, shall be made within shall have been created, or the emoluincreased three years after the first meetings of the ment whereof shall have been Congress of the United States" and within during such time; and no person holding every subsequent term of ten years, in any office under the United States shall such manner as they shall by law direct. be a member of either House during his The number of representatives shall not continuance in office. Sec 7. Ail bills for raising revenue shall exceed one for every thirty thousand, but originate in the House of Representaeach State shall have at least one representative, and until such enumeration tives; but the Senate may propose or concur with amendments as on other shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to choose three, bills. Every bill which shall have passed the Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut House of Representatives and the Senate, shall,, before it become a law, be preJive, New Tork six, New Jersey four, sented to the President of the United Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten. North Carolina States; it he approve he shall sign it, but If not he shall return It, with bis five. South Carolina five, and Georgia, objections to that House in which It shall three. have originated, who shall enter the ob"When vacancies happen in the representation from any State the executive jections at large on their Journal, and authority thereof shall issue writs of proceed to reconsider it. If after such of that House reconsideration election to fill such vacancies. The House of Representatives shall shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the choose their Speaker and other officers, other House, by which It shall likewise and shall have the sole power of impeachbe reconsidered, and If approved by two- ment. Sec 3. The Senate of the United States i thirds of that House, it shall become a shall be composed of two senators from law. But In all such cases the votes of each State, chosen by the legislature both Houses shall be determined by yeas thereof, for six years, and each senator and nays, and the nam'es of the persons voting for and, .against the bill shall be shall have one vote. entered on the Journal of each House reImmediately after they shall be assemspectively. If any bill shall not be rebled in consequence of the first election they shall be divided as equally as may turned by the President within ten days be into three classes. The seats of the (Sundays excepted) after it shall have senators of the first class shall be vacated been presented to him, the same shall be If he bad signed at the expiration of the second year, of a law, in like manner asby their adjournthe second class at the expiration of the it, unless the Congress fourth year, and of the third class at the ment prevent Its return, in which case it shall nbt be a law. expiration of the sixth year, so that Every- order, resolution, or vote to may be chosen every second year, and If vacancies happen by resignation, which the concurrence of the Senate and or othorwlse, during the recess of the House of Representatives may be neceslegislature of any State, the executive sary (except on a question of adjournment) shall be presented to the President thereof may make temporary appointof the United States; and before the same ments until the next meeting of the legisshall take effect, shall be approved by lature, which shall then fill such vacanhim, or being disapproved by him, shall cies. No person shall be a senator who shall be repassed by of the Senate not have attained to the age of thirty and House of Representatives, according years, and been nine years a citizen of to the rules and limitations prescribed in the United States, and who shall not, the case of a bill. when elected, be an inhabitant of the Sec S. The Congress shall have power Stale for which he shall be chosen. to lay' arid" collect taxes, duties, Imposts The Vice President of the United States and excises.-t-o paythe debts and provide shall be President of the Senate, but for the common, deens,e. and general welshall have no vote, unless they be equally fare of the United States; but all duties, divided. imposts and excises "shall be uniform The Senate shall choose their other ofthroughout the .United .States; ficers and also a president pro tempore, To borrow money onJhe credit of the in the absence of the Vice President, or United States; when he shall exercise the office of PresiTo regulate commerce with foreign dent of the United States. the several States, and The Senate shall have the sole power to with the Indian tribes; try all impeachments. "When sitting for To establish an uniform rule of naturalithat purpose, they shall be on oath or zation, and uniform laws on the subject affirmation. When the President of the of bankruptcies throughout the United United States Is tried, the Chief Justice States; shall preside, and no person shall be conTo .coin money, regulate tho value victed without the concurrence of thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the of the members present. standard of weights and measures; Judgment in case of Impeachment shall To proide for the punishment of counnot extend further than to removal from terfeiting .the securities and current coin enoffice, and disqualification to hold and of the United States; joy any office of honor, trust, or profit To establish postofllces and post roads; under the United States, but the party To promote the progress of science and convicted shall nevertheless be liable and useful arts, by securing for limited times subject to indictment, trial, judgment, to authors and inventors the exclusive c and punshment, according to right to their respective writings and dis4. The times, places, and manner of co veiles; rholdlng elections for senators and repreTo constitute tribunals inferior to the sentatives shall be prescribed la each Supreme X?ourt; State by the legislature thereof, but the To datlne-anpunish piracies and feloCongress may at any time by law make nies committed on the high seas, and or alter such regulations, except as to the offenses agalns"t trie law of nations; places of choosing- - senators. To declare war, grant letters of marque The. Congress shall assemble at least and reprisal, tand make, rules concerning once in every year, and such meeting captures on land and water; shall be on the first Monday in December, To raise and support armies, but no apunless they shall by law appoint a differpropriation of. money, lo. that use shall ent day. be for a longer term than two years; Sec 5. Each "House shall be the judge of J To provide and maintain a navy;
the elections, returns, and qualifications of Its own members, and a majority of each shall constitute a quorum to do busi-
To make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces; To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions; To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed In the service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively the appointment of the officers, and the authority of training the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress; To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession of particular States, and the acceptance of Congress, become the beat of government of the United States, and to exercise like authority over alt places purchased by the consent of the legislature of the State in which the same shall be, for the erection of fort3, magazines, arsenals, dock yards, and other needful .buildings; and To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof. Sec. 0. The migration or Importation of such persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be Imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when In cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed. No capitation, or other direct, tax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the census of enumeration hereinbefore directed to be taken. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any State No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports of one State over those of another: nor shall vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay duties in another. No money shall be drawn from the Treasury but in consequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of all public money-shalbe published from time to time. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States: and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them, shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, or foreign state. Sec. 10. No State shall enter Into any treaty, alliance, or confederation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin money; emit bills of credit, make anything but gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debts; pass any bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts! or grant any title of nobility. No State shall, without the consent of the Congress, lay any Imposts or duties on imports or exports except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws: and the net produce of all duties and imposts laid by any Stato on imports pr exports shall be for the use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the Congress. No State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty of tonnage, keep troops, or ships, or ships of war in time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with another State, or wfth a foreign power, or engage in war, unlesn actually invaded, or In such imminent danger as will not admit of delay.
tee fo every State In this Union a republican form of government, and shall pro-tect each of them against Invasion; and ed. on application of the legislature, or of the times, reThe President shall, ceive for his services a compensation, executive (when the legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence. which shall be neither increased nor diminished during the period for which he shall have been elected, 'hnd he shall not ARTICLE V. receive within that perlod'any other emolof The Congress, whenever ument from the United States, or any both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall . of them. propose amendments to this Constitution, Before he enter on the execution of his or, on the applications of the legislatures office, he shall take fhe following oath or of of the several States, shall affirmation: "X do solemnly swear (or af- call a convention for proposing amendfirm) that I will faithfully execute the ofments, which, in either case, shall bo fice of President of the United States, and valid to all intents and purposes, as part will to the best of my ability, preserve, of this Constitution, when ratified by tho protect, and defend the Constitution of legislatures of of the sevthe United States." eral States, or by conventions in Sec. 2. The President shall be commander-in-cthereof, as the one or the other hief of the army and navy of the mode of ratification may be proposed by United States, and of the militia of tho the Congress; provided that no amendseveral States, when called into the act- ment which may bo made prior to the ual service of the United States; he may year 1S0S shall in any manner affect the require the opinion, in writing, of the and fourth clauses in the ninth secprincipal officer In each of the executive first of the first article; and that no State, departments, upon any subject relating to tion without its consent, shall be deprived of the duties of their respective offices, and suffrage In the Senate. he shall have power to grant reprieves its equal and pardons for offenses against the UnitARTICLE VI. ed States, except in cases of impeachAll debts contracted and engagements ment. He shall have power, by and with the entered into before the adoption of this advice and consent of the Senate, to make Constitution, shall be as valid against the treaties, provided of the Sen- United States under this Constitution, as ators present concur; and he shall nomiunder the confederation! nate, and by and with the advice and This Constitution and the laws of the consent of the Senate, shall appoint am- United States, which shall be made in bassadors, other publib mlnlsters-anpursuance thereof; and all treaties made, consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and or which shall be made, under the auall other officers of the United States, thority of the United States, shall be the whose appointments are not herein oth- supreme law of the land; and the judges erwise provided forr and which shall be in every State shall be bound thereby, established by law: but the Congress may anything In the constitution or laws of by law vest the appointment of such inany State to the contrary notwithstandferior officers, as they think proper, in ing. the President alone, in the courts of law, The senators and representatives before or in the heads of departments. mentioned, and the members of the sevThe President shall have power to fill up eral State legislatures, and all executive all vacancies that may happen during- the and judicial officers, both of the United recess of the Senate, by granting- commis States and of the several States, shall ba sions which shall expire at the end of- bound by oath or affirmation, to support their next session. this Constitution: but no religious test Sec. 3. He shall from time to time give required as a-- qualification J to the Congress information of the state shall ever be IU tUiy UlUUtt UI. JIUUIIU UU31 UUUUl LUC of the Union, and recommend to their conUnited States. sideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, ARTICLE VII. on extraordinary occasions, convene both The ratification of the conventions of Houses, or either of them, and in case of disagreement between them, with respect nine States, shall be sufficient for the establishment of this Constitution between to the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall think the States so ratifying- the same. proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other public ministers; he shall take care THE AMENDMENTS. that the laws bo faithfully executed, and shall commission all the officers of the , ARTICLE I. United States. Sec L. The President, Vice President and Congress shall make no law respecting all civil officers of the United States shall an establishment of religion, or prohibitbe removed from office on Impeachment ing the free exercise thereof ; or abridging for, and conviction of. treason, bribery, or the freedom of speech, or of the press; other high crimes and misdemeanors. or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redre33 of grievances. ARTICLE IH. Section 1. The judicial' power of tho ARTICLE II. United States shall be vested In one SuA well regulated militia being necespreme Court, and la such Inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time sary to the security of a tree State, the ordain and establish. The judges, both of right of the people to keep and bear arms the Supreme and Inferior courts, shall hold shall not be infringed. their offices during good! behavior- - and shall, at stated times, receive for their ARTICLE III. services a compensation which shall not No soldier shall In time of peace ba be diminished during their continuance in quartered in any house, without the conoffice. sent of the owner, nor in time of war, Sec. 2. The judicial power shall extend but in a manner to be prescribed by law. to all cases, in law and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the ARTICLE IV. United States, and treaties made, or which The right of the people to be secure in shall be madp, under their authority; to their persons, houses, papers, and effects, all cases affecting ambassadors, other against unreasonable searches and seizpublic ministers and consuls: to all cases ures, shall not be violated, and no warof admiralty and maritime jurisdiction; rants shall Issue, but upon probable to controversies to which the United by oath or affirmation, States shall be a party; to controversies cause, supported to between two or more States; between a and particularly describing the place State and citizens of another State; be- be searched, and thepersons, or things to be seized. tween citizens of different States; beARTICLE H. tween citizens of the same State claiming Section 1. The executive power shall bo ARTICLE V. lands under grants of different States, and vested in a President of the United States between No person shall be held to answer for a a State, or the citizens thereof, of America. He shall hold his office durcapital, or otherwise Infamous crime, unand foreign states, citizens, or subjects. ing the term of four years, and, together In all cases affecting ambassadors, other less on a presentment or indictment of a with the Vice President, chosen for the public ministers and consuls, and those In grand jury, except in cases arising in the same term, be elected, as follows: which a State shall be a party, the Suland or naval forces, or in the militia, manappoint, in such Each State shall preme Court shall have original jurisdicwhen in actual service In time of war, or may legislature ner as the thereof direct, tion. In all the other cases before men- public danger; nor shall any person ba to equal a number of electors, the whole tioned, the Supreme Court shall have ap- subject for the same offense to be twice number of senators and representatives pellate jurisdiction, both as to law and put In jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall may to which the State be entitled In the fact, with such exceptions and under be compelled In any criminal case to be Congress: but no senator or representasuch regulations as the Congress shall a witness against himself, nor be deperson holding tive, or an office of trust make. prived of life liberty, or property, withor profit under the United States, shall The trial of all crimes, except in cases out due process of law; nor shall private be appointed an elector. of Impeachment, shall be by jury; and property be taken for public use. without The electors shall meet in their respec such trial shall be held in the State where tivo States, and vote by ballot for two tho said crimes shall have been commit just compensation. persons, of whom one at least shall not ted; but when not committed within any ARTICLE VI. be an inhabitant of the same State with State, the trial shall be at such place or In all criminal prosecutions, the acAnd they shall make a list places aa the Congress may by law have themselves. cused shall enjoy the right to a speedy of all tire persons voted for, and of the directed. of number of votes for each; which list they Sec. 3. Treason against the United and public trial, by an impartial jury shall sign and certify, and transmit seal- States shall consist only in levying war the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which dised to the seat of the Government of the against them, or In adhering to their eneUnited States, directed to the President mies, giving them aid and comfort. No trict shall have been previously ascerof the Senate. The President of the Sen- person shall be convicted of treason unless tained by law, and to bo informed of the ate bhall, in the presence of the Senate on the testimony of two witnesses to the nature and cause of the accusation: to ba and House of Representatives, open all same overt act, or on confession in open confronted with the witnesses against him: to have compulsory process for obthe certificates, and the votes shall then court. be counted. The person having the great The Congress shall have power to de- taining witnesses in his favor, and to est number of votes shall be the Presi- clare the punishment "Of treason, but no have the assistance of counsel for his dedent, if such number be a majority of attainder of treason shall work corrup- fense. the whole number of electors appointed; tion of blood, or forfeiture except during and if there be more than one who have the life of the person attainted. ARTICLE VU. such majority, and have an equal number In suits at common law, where the of votes, then the House of Representavalue in controversy shall exceed $20, Ihe ARTICLE IV. preserved, tives shall Immediately choose by ballot Section 1. Full .faith and credit shall bo right of trial by jury shall-bone of them for President; and if no pergiven in each State to the public acts, and. no fact tried by a jury shall be In any court of the son have a majority, then from the five records, and judicial proceedings of every highest on the list the said House shall other State. And jthe Congress may by United States than according to the rules In like manner choose the President. But general laws prescribe, the manner in of the common law. m choosing the President, the votes shall which such acts, record's and proceedings be taken by States, the representation shall be proved, and the effect thereof. ARTICLE VIII. from each State having one vote; a quoSec. 2. The citizens of each State shall Excessive bail shall not be required, nor purpose a of consist shall rum for this be entitled to all privileges and Immuni- excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and of ties of citizens In the several States. member or members from unusual punishments inflicted. of majority a all the and the States A person charged inoany State with necessary to choice. a In be States shall treason, felony, or other crime, who shall ARTICLE IX. every case, after the choice of the Presi- flee from justice, and ba found in another The enumeration in the Constitution of numgreatest having person the the dent, State, shall on demand of the executive certain rights shall not be construed to. ber of votes of the electors shall be the authority of the State from which he fled, deny or- - disparage others retained by the Vice President. But If there should rebe delivered up, to be removed to the people. main two or more who have equal votes, State having jurisdiction of the crime. the Senate shall choose from them by No person held to service or labor In ARTICLE X. ballot the Vice President. one State, under "the laws thereof, escapThe powers not delegated to tho United may determine the time ing into another, ihall,JJin consequence of The Congress States by the Constitution, nor prohibited of choosing the electors, and the day on any law or regulation therein, be disby It to the States, are reserved to the which they shall give their votes; which charged from such service or labor, but day shall be the same throughout the shall be delivered up on claim of the party States respectively, or to the people. United States. to whom such service or labor may be ARTICLE XI. No person except a natural born citizen, due. The judicial power of the United States of the United States at the or a citizen Sec. 3. New States may be admitted by any time of the adoption of this Constitution, the Congress into this Union; but no new shall not be construed to extend to shall be eligible to the office of President, State shall be formed or erected within suit In law or equity, commenced or prosneither shall any person be eligible to the jurisdiction of any other State; nor ecuted against one of the United States that office who shall not have attained any State be formed by the junction of by citizens of another State, or by citiyears, and been two or more States, or parts of States, zens or subjects of any foreign State. to the age of thirty-fiv- e fourteen years a resident within the without the consent of the legislatures of United States. ARTICLE XII. tho States concerned as well as of the In case of the removal of the President Congress. The electors shallTneet in their respector of his death, resignation, from office, d The Congress shall have power to dis- ive States and vote by ballot for or inability to discharge the powers and pose of and make all needful rules and Vice President, one of whom, at duties of the said office, the same shall regulations respecting the territory or least, shall not be an inhabitant of tho devolve on the Vice President, and the other property 'belonging- to' the United same State with themselves; they shall Congress may by law provide for the States; and nothing- - inthis-- Constitution name in their ballots the person voted for case of removal, death, resignation, or in- shall construed as1 to prejudice any as President, and In distinct ballots the ability both of the President and Vice claims of the United? States, or of any par- person voted for aa Vice President, and President, declaring what officer shall ticular State. they shall make distinct lists of all perf then act as President, and such officer Sec 4. The United States shall guaran- - sons voted for as President, and of all
I two-thir. two-thirthree-fourtthree-fourttwo-thir-e two-thirPresi-denn-be-s- o
At the proposal of the Russian imperial government, made through the minister of the emperor residing- here, a full power and instructions .have been transmitted to the minister of the United States at St. Petersburg to arrange, by amicable negotiation, the respective rights and Intere3t3 of the two nations on the northwest coast or this continent. A similar proposal has been made by his Imperial majesty to the government of Great Britain, which has likewise been acceded to. In the discussions to which this, interest has given rise, and In the arrangements by which they may terminate, the occasion has been judged proper for asserting- as a principle in which the rights and Interests of the United States are involved, that the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.
In the wars of the European powers i n matters relating to themselves we have never taken any part, nor does It compo rt with our policy to do so. It Is only when our rights, are invaded or seriously menaced that we resent Injuries or make preparation for our defense. . "With the movements in this hemisphere we are of necessity more immediately concerned, and by causes which must be obvious to all enlightened and impartial observers. The political system of the allied powers Is essentially different In thl3 respect from that of America. This difference proceeds from, that which exists In their respective governments. And to tha defense of our own, which ha3 been achieved by the loss of much blood and treasure, and matured by the wisdom of their most enlightened citizens and under which we have enjoyed unexampled felicity, this, whole nation is devoted. We owe it, therefore, to candor and to the amicable relations existing between the United States and those powers to declare that we should consider any attemept on their part to extend their system to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety. "With the existing colonies or dependencies of any European power we have not interfered, and shall not interfere. But with the governments who have declared their independence and maintained it, and whose independence we have, on great consideration and just principles, acknowledged, we could not view any interposition for tho purpose of opposing them or controlling in any other manner their destiny, by any European power, in any other light than as the manifestation of an unfriendly disposition toward the United States. Our policy in regard to Europe, which was adopted at an early stage jof the wars which have so that quarter of the globe, nevertheless remains the same, which is not to interfere in the internal concerns of any of Its powers; to consider the government de facto as the legitimate government for us; to cultivate friendly relations with it, and to preserve those relations by a frank, firm, and manly policy-- , meeting in all Instances the just claims of every power, submitting to Injuries from none. But in regard to these continents circumstances are eminently and conspicuously different. It is Impossible that the allied powers should extend their political system to any portion of eithe.r continent without endangering our peace and happiness, nor can anyone believe that our Southern brethren, if left to themselves, would adopt it of their own accord. It is equally impossible, therefore, that we should behold such Interposition in any form with Indifference President
Monroe to Congress, December,
persona voted for as Vice President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify,
and transmit sealed to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall. In presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and tho votes shall then be counted. The person having the greatest number of votes for President shall be the President, it such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed, and If no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose Immediately, by ballot, the President. But In choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation from each State having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from of. the States, and a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice. And If the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the 4th aay of March next following, then the Vice President shall act as Presjdent, as in ihe case of the death or other constitutional disability of'the' Pre3identr The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice President shall be the Vice Presldeht, if such number be a majority of tho wliole number of .electors, .appoint- -, ed. and It no person have a majority. then from sthe two"nIghest numbers' on the list, theSenate shall choose the Vice President; aquorum for the purpose shall of the whole numconsist of ber of Senatdrs, and a majority of the whole numbert shall be necessary to a choice. But .no person constitutionally Ineligible to the office of 'President shall be eligible to fthat of Vice, President, ot the United Stages.
ry servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, Sshall exist within, the United States, on any place subject to their jurisdictions Sec. 2. Congress; shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Section 1. Neither slavery nor involunta
United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property; without due process of law; nor deny to any person within Its jurisdiction the equal protection of the law3. Sec 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States' according to their respective numbers, counting tha whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice President of the United States, representatives in Congress, the executive and ju dicial officers of a State, or the members of the legislature thereof, is denied to any of tho male Inhabitants of such State, ns twenty-on- e years of age. and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation In rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced In the proportion which the number of such mala citizens shall bear to the whole number years of aga of male citizens twenty-on- e in such State. Sec 3. No person shall be a senator or representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having; previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or Judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged In Insurrection or rebel'lon against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of of each House, remove such disability. Sec. 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, Including debts Incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services In suppressing Insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection, or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for tho loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held Illegal and void. Sec 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, of this article.
ARTICLE XIV. . Section 1. AW persons born or- - naturalized In the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make'or'err- force ans' law which, shall abridge the privileges or Immunities of citizens of the
ARTICLE XV. right of citizens of tha United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any. State on account of race, color or previous condition of; servitude. See. 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Section 1. The
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