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Progress Seminar Flyer-Johnson

Progress Seminar Flyer-Johnson

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Published by chembiochem5154
Progress Seminar Flyer-Johnson
Progress Seminar Flyer-Johnson

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Published by: chembiochem5154 on Apr 18, 2014
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The intra- and inter-Molecular interactions of NOM components: A study of self-assembly using pulsedfield gradient NMR and small angle neutron scattering.

Cynthia Johnson-Edler
Recent work has shown that natural organic matter (NOM) is a self-assembled material comprised of components of varying chemical composition including humic acid (HA0), a highly aromatic non-amphiphilic fraction (HA1), a lipid-like fraction (L1), and an amphiphilic fraction (HA2), that self-assemble via a hierarchical aggregation processi. It has also been suggested that the organizational state of NOM is more closely correlated to NOM ’s stability than its chemical characteristics. Pulsed field gradient (PFG)-NMR is used to determine the diffusion coefficients of the HA2, and L1 humic acid components, and the native composite of HA2 and L1 referred to here as L0, from two different parent material sources. Diffusion Ordered Spectroscopy (DOSY) spectra were generated from PFG-NMR data and used to examine information regarding interactions that may possibly occur between NOM components. Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) was used to establish contrast match points for the lower level components (HA2 & L1) from one material source. The diffusion coefficients determined for HA2, L1, and L0 suggest that the diagenetic history of the NOM source material is related to the molecular sizes of the components of the L0 composite. Meaning that HA2 appears to be the smallest molecular component in the older source material studied, and L1 seemingly is the smallest molecular size in the geologically younger source material studied. DOSY spectra indicate structural similarities between similar components of the two materials studied. However, interactions between HA2 and L1 material cause chemical shifts in the aromatic, and aliphatic, regions of their L0 composite spectra. Additionally, the alkene region is absent in the geologically younger material, whereas it undergoes a chemical shift in the older material. Although HA0 can be fractionated into HA1, HA2 and L1, the fractions themselves are still inherently complex, and the shape and structure of these materials is still poorly understood. The utilization of these methods of analyses allows for the examination of the possible intra- and inter-molecular interactions occurring between the components of NOM, which contributes to the further understanding of its stability and long residence life within soils and sediments. Results obtained from, PFG-NMR data correlated to a DOSY plot for all aforementioned fractions of two material types, and contrast match data acquired by SANS for one material type will be discussed.
Chilom, G. and Rice, J. A., Structural Organization of Humic Acid in the Solid State. Langmuir, 2009. 25(16): p. 9012 -9015.

Monday, April 21, 2011 SAV 378 4:00-5:00

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