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Phylum Annelida

Phylum Annelida

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Pictures of members of phylum annelida
Pictures of members of phylum annelida

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Published by: Shamaine Anne Salvador on Apr 21, 2014
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved


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sand worms.INTRODUCTION Segmented round worms Earthworms. with true coelom Most developed among the worms Integument – outer nonchitinous cuticle over a simple cuboidal or columnar epithelium • Motility – contraction of longitudinal and circular muscles • With oblique muscles in species with lateral parapodia • • • • • • . tube worms and leeches Bilaterally symmetrical Triploblastic.

closed type with welldeveloped dorsal and ventral blood vessels • Excretion – metanephridia • No known skeletal system • Hermaphroditic.INTRODUCTION • Digestive system – complete. extracellular digestion • Respiration – via the cuticle. asexual reproduction by regeneration/fragmentation . accessory structures such as parapodia and radioles • circulatory system . straight tube.

fresh and brackish waters and on terrestrial environments .in marine.INTRODUCTION • Sexual reproduction – formation of gametes passed on via reciprocal copulation or hypodermic impregnation • Habitat .

.OBJECTIVES • To be able to identify and classify annelids based on the external morphology of specimens. • To be able to identify the different external and internal structures of annelids and their respective functions. economic and medical importance of this phylum. • To exposed the students to the agricultural.

MATERIALS • • • • • • • • • Slide specimen of Nereis trunk section Slide specimen of Nereis parapodium Slide specimen of Earthworm anterior l.s.m. Slide specimen of Earthworm clittelum x.m.s.s. Slide specimen of Leech w. Slide specimen of Leech x. Slide specimen of Earthworm esophagus x. Slide specimen of Earthworm pharynx x.s. three regions . Slide specimen of Earthworm nephridium w.s.

METHODOLOGY • Class Polychaeta • Sandworms and tubeworms • Presence of a well-developed prostomium with several antennal structures • Segmented body with 1 pair of lateral parapodia .




• Class Clitella • Subclass Oligochaeta • Earthworms • Undeveloped prostomium • Clitellum – only recognizable external structure .





posterior sucker for attachment Lack setae Not considered parasites Medicinal value: in the past it was used to control high blood pressure • Environmental indicator: eutrophic bodies of water contain high numbers of leeches • • • • • .• Class Clitella • Subclass Hirudinea Aquatic and terrestrial leeches Anterior sucker for feeding.

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