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Phylum Annelida

Phylum Annelida

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Pictures of members of phylum annelida
Pictures of members of phylum annelida

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Published by: Shamaine Anne Salvador on Apr 21, 2014
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04/21/2014

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INTRODUCTION Segmented round worms Earthworms. sand worms. tube worms and leeches Bilaterally symmetrical Triploblastic. with true coelom Most developed among the worms Integument – outer nonchitinous cuticle over a simple cuboidal or columnar epithelium • Motility – contraction of longitudinal and circular muscles • With oblique muscles in species with lateral parapodia • • • • • • .

asexual reproduction by regeneration/fragmentation .INTRODUCTION • Digestive system – complete.closed type with welldeveloped dorsal and ventral blood vessels • Excretion – metanephridia • No known skeletal system • Hermaphroditic. straight tube. extracellular digestion • Respiration – via the cuticle. accessory structures such as parapodia and radioles • circulatory system .

in marine. fresh and brackish waters and on terrestrial environments .INTRODUCTION • Sexual reproduction – formation of gametes passed on via reciprocal copulation or hypodermic impregnation • Habitat .

economic and medical importance of this phylum. • To be able to identify the different external and internal structures of annelids and their respective functions.OBJECTIVES • To be able to identify and classify annelids based on the external morphology of specimens. • To exposed the students to the agricultural. .

s. Slide specimen of Earthworm esophagus x. three regions . Slide specimen of Earthworm clittelum x. Slide specimen of Earthworm pharynx x. Slide specimen of Leech x. Slide specimen of Leech w.m.s.s.s.MATERIALS • • • • • • • • • Slide specimen of Nereis trunk section Slide specimen of Nereis parapodium Slide specimen of Earthworm anterior l.m. Slide specimen of Earthworm nephridium w.s.

METHODOLOGY • Class Polychaeta • Sandworms and tubeworms • Presence of a well-developed prostomium with several antennal structures • Segmented body with 1 pair of lateral parapodia .

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• Class Clitella • Subclass Oligochaeta • Earthworms • Undeveloped prostomium • Clitellum – only recognizable external structure .

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• Class Clitella • Subclass Hirudinea Aquatic and terrestrial leeches Anterior sucker for feeding. posterior sucker for attachment Lack setae Not considered parasites Medicinal value: in the past it was used to control high blood pressure • Environmental indicator: eutrophic bodies of water contain high numbers of leeches • • • • • .

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