“3G”INTRODUCTION

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3G (Third Generation) is the latest wireless technology It is also known as UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System) 3G cellular phones were first launched in Japan in October 2001 3G phone was designed so users would be able to surf the Internet, view pictures of the people they are talking to, watch movies and listen to music on their handsets . It providing wireless access to the data & information to the user from anywhere & anytime.

Telecom Industry
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Indian telecommunications industry is one of the fastest growing in the world. India is projected to become the second largest telecom market globally by 2010. India added 113.26 million new customers in 2008, the largest globally. In fact, in April 2008, India had already overtaken the US as the second largest wireless market The country’s cellular base witnessed close to 50 per cent growth in 2008, with an average 9.5 million customers added every month

Major Players
There are three types of players in telecom services:

• -State owned companies (BSNL and MTNL)

• -Private Indian owned companies (Reliance Infocomm, Tata Teleservices,)

• -Foreign invested companies (HutchisonEssar, Bharti Tele-Ventures, Escotel, Idea Cellular, BPL Mobile, Spice Communications

Evolution from 1G to 3G
Ø 1G

First-generation wireless, telephone technology,cellphones.

Ø 2G - Digital mobile phones, including those that use
GSM, CDMA or TDMA networks data-transfer rates ranging from 9.6 kb/s to 19.2 kb/s. Ø

Ø 2.5GØ

i-mode data services, camera phones,high speed circuit-switched data(HSCSD),General packet radio service(GPRS). Data transfer rates ranging from 56 kb/s to 170 kb/s.

Ø 3G-Handle streaming video, two-way voice over IP, and

Internet content with high-quality graphics and plug-ins to a wireless phone. maximum data rate of 2 Mb/s.

GSM evolution to 3G

How GSM Delivers 3G Services Today with EDGE?
GSM delivers 3G Services today with EDGE - Enhanced Data rates for Global Evolution. EDGE in Summary

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Ø EDGE triples GPRS capacity while increasing overall packet data performance EDGE is a simple low cost add-on to existing GSM networks EDGE does not require new cell planning or frequency planning EDGE provides a necessary first step for a common GSM/WCDMA network

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How 3G works
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Simplex and Duplex TDD and FDD Symmetric and Asymmetric transmission 3G geographical cells

Advantages of 3G Technology
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Telecommunications is up to 2 Megabits per second 3G cellular phones also have conventional voice, fax and data services, as well as high-resolution video and multimedia services Includes mobile office services such as virtual banking and online-billing, video conferencing, online entertainment and access to the Internet. Watch television shows on your phone. Video conversations with other people who also use the same 3G technology

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