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Identification 1.
This was a small instrument made of 10 rods on which the multiplication table was engraved. 2. A German mathematician who invented the Stepped Reckoner which is an extension of the Pascal's design that can perform multiplication and division and find square root . 3. The first commercially available electronic computer. 4. It refers to a series of related technologies that tries to simulate and reproduce human behavior including thinking, speaking and reasoning. 5. Considered as the first programmer. 6. He invented the 'calculating clock', a device that could add and subtract, and indicates the overflow by ringing a bell. 7. A binary coded language which the first-generation computers relied on. 8. This generation gave rise to the personal computer revolution. 9. Regarded as the first general-purpose programmable computer. 10. They are known to be the earliest device for computation.

True or False 1.
VLSI technology allowed thousands of transistors to be constructed on one small slice of silicon material. 2. Colossus is comprised of 18,000 vacuum tubes. 3. Claude Shannon, a student at MIT, recognized the connection between the electronic circuits and the Boolean algebra. 4. Second-generation computers used vacuum tubes. 5. A microprocessor is a single piece of silicon and is about 0.5 cm along one side and not more than 0.05 cm thick. 6. The Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer (EDVAC) which was the first generalpurpose computer that was designed to handle both numeric and textual information. 7. Fourth-generation computers were able to reduce computational time from microseconds to nanoseconds. 8. MARK-I is an electronic calculating machine used relays and electromagnetic components to replace mechanical components. 9. John Vincent Atansoft and Howard Aiken formulated the idea of using the binary number system to simplify the construction of an electronic calculator. 10. Sir John Ambrose Fleming worked to develop the first thermionic valve, which is also known as vacuum tube.

Analytical engine 10. True 4. False 8. Machine Language 8. Napier bones 2. Gottfried Wilhem von Leibniz 3. Universal Automatic Computer 4. False 6. Sand Tables True or False 1. Fourth Generation 9. Wilhelm Schickard 7.Answer Key: 1. False 10. Artificial Intelligence 5. Lady Ada Lovelace 6. False 2. True 9. True . False 3. False 5. False 7.