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Transposition (1) Simple Linear Equations

EXERCISE 1

0. How many terms do you see in each of the following equations:


(a) 2 x = 6 (b) x 5 = 5 x + 7

ANS: 2 ANS: 4
2x + 4 x 1 4x + 5
(c) =1 (e) 2 x 1 =
5 2 3

ANS: 3 ANS: 3

1. Transpose for x (i.e. solve for x):


(a) 2 x = 6 (b) 3 x = 15

ANS: x = 3 ANS: x = 5
(c) 2 x + 5 = 13 (d) 5 = 2 x + 9

ANS: x = 4 ANS: x = 2
(e) 4 x 3 = x + 9 (f) x 5 = 5 x + 7

ANS: x = 4 ANS: x = 3
(g) x 7 = 5 x + 9 (h) 2 x 5 = 7 x 10

ANS: x = 4 ANS: x = 1
2. Transpose for x (i.e. solve for x):
(a) 3( x + 2) = 9 (b) 2( x 1) = 14

ANS: x = 1 ANS: x = 8
(c) 3( x 1) + 5 = 17 (e) 3( x + 2) 2( x + 1) = 2

ANS: x = 5 ANS: x = 2

3. Transpose for x (i.e. solve for x):


x x
(a) =5 (b) =5
2 3

ANS: x = 10 ANS: x = 15
2x 2x
(c) + 7 = 11 (e) 5 = +3
3 5

ANS: x = 6 ANS: x = 5
3x 2x
(c) +4= 8 (e) 1 = +3
2 3

ANS: x = 8 ANS: x = 3
4. Transpose for x (i.e. solve for x):
4x + 5 x + 8 5 2x
(a) 2 x 1 = (b) =
3 2 3

ANS: x = 4 ANS: x = 2
4 x 1 1 2x 1 2x
(c) 2 x = (d) =1
3 6 2 3

1
ANS: x =
2 ANS: x = 2.5
3 5 5 1
(d) = (h) =0
x x 2 x 2 x

ANS: x = 3 ANS: x = 0.5


Transposition (1) Extra Questions

3. Transpose for x (i.e. solve for x):


x x
(a) =5 (b) = 7.5
2 3

2 2
(c) =5 (d) =5
x x 3

2x +1 5 1
(e) 3 =x (f) +=0
5 x 1 x

EXERCISE 2
1. Transpose for x (i.e. solve for x):
(a) 2 x 1 = 5 x + 20 (b) 7 3( x 1) = 5

x + 8 5 2x 4x + 5
(c) = (d) 2 x 1 =
2 3 3

2x +1 x+3 x 2
(e) 4 + = 20 (f) + =5
5 2 3
3 5 5 1
(g) = (h) =0
x x 2 x 2 x

2x + 4 x 1 2x 3 1
(i) =1 (j) 5 = (3 x 1)
5 2 3 2

2. Find x if 2 : ( x 2) = 5 : ( x + 7) .

x x a
3. = 2 . If x = 3 then determine the value of a.
3 2
5x a
4. 8 x = 21 . If x = 3 then determine the value of a.
3

x 3y y
5. 2 = x . If y = 1 then determine the value of x.
3 2
EXERCISE 3
1. Transpose for x (i.e. solve for x):

(a) 2 x 2 = 8 (b) 3 x 2 = 5

(c) 3 x 2 5 = 9 8 9 x
(d) + =
x 2x 2

(e) x 2 x = 20 x 5
(f) =
2 x+3

2. Transpose for x (i.e. solve for x):

(a) 2 x = 8 (b) 3 x = 5

(c) 3 x 5 = 9 (d) 5 x 3 = x + 7

(e) 2 x + 5 = 21 (f) 3 x 1 + 5 = 11