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# QUADRATIC EQUATIONS OMTEX CLASSES www.omtexclasses.

com

EXERCISE - 2.1 1. Which of the following are quadratic equations ?
(i) 11 = – 4x2 – x3 (ii) -¾ y2 = 2y + 7 (iii) (y – 2) (y + 2) = 0 (iv) 3/y – 4 = y [Ans.] [Ans.] [Ans.] [Ans.] [Ans.]

(v) m3 + m + 2 = 4m (vi) n – 3 = 4n (vii) y2 – 4 = 11y [Ans.]

[Ans.]

(viii) z – 7/z = 4z + 5 [Ans.] (ix) 3y2 – 7 = √3 y [Ans.]

(x) (q2 – 4)/q2 = - 3 [Ans.]

2. Write the following quadratic equations in standard form ax2 + bx + c = 0
(i) 7 – 4x –x2 = 0 [Ans] (ii) 3y2 = 10y + 7 [Ans]

(iii) (m + 4) (m – 10) = 0 [Ans] (iv) p(p – 6) = 0 [Ans] (v) (x2/25) – 4 = 0 (vi) n – (7/n) = 4 (vii) y2 – 9 = 13y [Ans] [Ans] [Ans] [Ans]

(viii) 2z – (5/z) = z – 6 (ix) x2 = –7 – √10 x

[Ans] [Ans]

(x) (m2 +5)/m2 = –3

EXERCISE - 2.2 1. In each of the examples given below determine whether the values given against each of the quadratic equation are the roots of the equation or not.
(i) x2 + 3x – 4 = 0, x = 1, –2, – 3 [Ans] (ii) 4m2 – 9 = 0, m = 2, 2/3, 3/2 [Ans] (iii) x2 + 5x – 14 = 0, x = √2 , –7, 3 [Ans] (iv) 2p2 + 5p – 3 = 0, p = 1, ½, –3 [Ans] (v) n2 + 4n = 0, n = 0, – 2, – 4 [Ans]

2. If one root of the quadratic equation x2 – 7x + k = 0 is 4, then find the value of k. [Ans]

3. If one root of the quadratic equation 3y2 – ky + 8 = 0 is 2/3, then find the value of k. [Ans]

4. State whether k is the root of the given equation y2 – (k – 4)y – 4k = 0. [Ans] 5. If one root of the quadratic equation kx2 – 7x + 12 = 0 is 3, then find the value of k. [Ans]

EXERCISE - 2.3 Solve the following quadratic equations by factorization method..
(i) x2 – 5x + 6 = 0 [Ans.] (ii) x2 + 10x + 24 = 0 [Ans.] (iii) x2 – 13x – 30 = 0 [Ans.] (iv) x2 – 17x + 60 = 0 [Ans.]

(v). m2 – 84 = 0 [Ans.]

(vi) x + 20/x – 12 = 0 [Ans.] (vii) x2 = 2(11x – 48) [Ans.] (viii) 21x = 196 – x2 [Ans.]

(x) x2 – x – 132 = 0 [Ans.]

(xi) 5x2 – 22x – 15 = 0 [Ans.]

(xii) 3x2 – x – 10 = 0 [Ans.]

(xiii) 2x2 – 5x – 3 = 0 [Ans]

(xiv) x (2x + 3) = 35 [Ans.]

(xv) 7x2 + 4x – 20 = 0 [Ans]

(xvi) 10x2 + 3x – 4 = 0 [Ans.]

(xvii) 6x2 – 7x – 13 = 0 [Ans.] (xviii) 3x2 + 34x + 11 = 0 [Ans.] (xix) 3x2 – 11x + 6 = 0 [Ans.] (xx) 3x2 – 10x + 8 = 0 [Ans.] (xxi) 2m2 + 19m + 30 = 0 [Ans.] (xxii) 7m2 – 84 = 0 [Ans.] (xxiii) x2 – 3√3 x + 6 = 0 [Ans.]

EXERCISE - 2.4 Solve the following quadratic equations by completing square.

(i) x2 + 8x + 9 = 0 [Ans]

(ii) z2 + 6z – 8 = 0 [Ans]

(iii) m2 – 3m – 1 = 0 [Ans]

(iv) y2 = 3 + 4y [Ans]

(v) p2 – 12p + 32 = 0 [Ans]

(vi) x (x – 1) = 1 [Ans]

(vii) 3y2 + 7y + 1 = 0 [Ans]

(viii) 4p2 + 7 = 12p [Ans] (ix) 6m2 + m = 2 [Ans]

EXERCISE - 2.5 1. Solve the following quadratic equations by using formula.
(i) m2 – 3m – 10 = 0 [Ans] (ii) x2 + 3x – 2 = 0 [Ans] (iii) x2 + (x – 1)/3 = 0 [Ans] (iv) 5m2 – 2m = 2 [Ans.] (v) 7x + 1 = 6x2 [Ans.] (vi) 2x2 – x – 4 = 0 [Ans.] (vii) 3y2 + 7y + 4 = 0 [Ans.] (viii) 2n2 + 5n + 2 = 0 [Ans.] (ix) 7p2 – 5p – 2 = 0 [Ans.] (x) 9s2 – 4 = – 6s [Ans.] (xi) 3q2 = 2q + 8 [Ans.] (xii) 4x2 + 7x + 2 = 0 [Ans.]

EXERCISE - 2.6 1. Find the value of discriminant of each of the following equations :
(i) x2 + 4x + 1 = 0 [Ans] (ii) 3x2 + 2x – 1 = 0 [Ans] (iii) x2 + x + 1 = 0 [Ans] (iv) √3 x2 + 2√2 x – 2√3 = 0 [Ans] (v) 4x2 + kx + 2 = 0 [Ans] (vi) x2 + 4x + k = 0 [Ans]

2. Determine the nature of the roots of the following equations from their discriminants :
(i) y2 – 4y – 1 = 0 [Ans.] (ii) y2 + 6y – 2 = 0 [Ans.] (iii) y2 + 8y + 4 = 0 [Ans.] (iv) 2y2 + 5y – 3 = 0 [Ans.]

(v) 3y2 + 9y + 4 = 0 [Ans.] (vi) 2x2 + 5√3 x + 16 = 0 [Ans.]

3. Find the value of k for which given equation has real and equal roots :
(i) (k – 12)x2 + 2 (k – 12)x + 2 = 0 [Ans.] (ii) k2x2 – 2 (k – 1)x + 4 = 0 [Ans.]

EXERCISE - 2.7
1. If one root of the quadratic equation kx2 – 5x + 2 = 0 is 4 times the other, find k. [Ans.] 2. Find k, if the roots of the quadratic equation x2 + kx + 40 = 0 are in the ratio 2 : 5. [Ans.] 3. Find k, if one of the roots of the quadratic equation kx2 – 7x + 12 = 0 is 3. [Ans.] 4. If the roots of the equation x2 + px + q = 0 differ by 1, prove that p2 = 1 + 4q. [Ans.]

5. Find k, if the sum of the roots of the quadratic equation 4x2 + 8kx + k + 9 = 0 is equal to their product. [Ans.]

6. If α and β are the roots of the equation x2 – 5x + 6 = 0, find[Ans.]

(i) α2+β2 (ii) α/β +β/α

7. If one root of the quadratic equation kx2 – 20x + 34 = 0 is 5 – 2√2 ,
find k.

[Ans.]

EXERCISE - 2.8

1. Form the quadratic equation if its roots are (i) 5 and – 7 [Ans.] [Ans.]

(ii) ½ and – ¾

(iii) - 3 and –11 [Ans.] (iv) -2 and 11/2 [Ans.] (v) ½ and – ½ (vi) 0 and – 4 [Ans.] [Ans.]

2. Form the quadratic equation if one of the root is

(i) 3 – 2√ 5 [Ans.]

(ii) 4 – 3√ 2 [Ans.] (iii) √ 2 + √3 [Ans.] (iv) 2√3 – 4 [Ans.] (v) 2+√5 [Ans.]

(vi) √ 5 - √3 [Ans.]

3. If the sum of the roots of the quadratic is 3 and sum of their cubes is 63, find the quadratic equation. [Ans.] 4. If the difference of the roots of the quadratic equation is 5 and the difference of their cubes is 215, find the quadratic equation.[Ans.]

EXERCISE - 2.9 Solve the following equations.
(i) x4 – 3x2 + 2 = 0 [Ans.] (ii) (x2 + 2x) (x2 + 2x – 11) + 24 = 0 [Ans.] (iii) 2(x2 + 1/x2 ) – 9(x+1/x) + 14 = 0 [Ans.] (iv) 35y2 + 12/y2 = 44 [Ans.] (v) x2 + 12/x2 = 7 [Ans.] (vi) (x2 + x) (x2 + x – 7) + 10 = 0 [Ans.] (vii) 3x4 – 13x2 + 10 = 0 [Ans.] (viii) 2y2 + 15/y2 = 12 [Ans.]