Garbha Upanishad

English Translations (See: http://www.vedarahasya.net/garbha.htm and http://www.geocities.com/advaitavedant/garbha.htm) Background:
Unless man does all he can, to attain Godhead, the main pain that he is going to encounter after death, is that he did not attain the real ob ective of his life, which happens to be to reali!e his true Spiritual "otential. #he Garbha Upanishad is a treatise. $Garbha means $%omb& 't e(pounds the details of what human consciousness goes through, while it still resides in the womb, in the form of a fetus. %hen the brain of the fetus forms, its active mind is more active than that of children and/or adults. #he reason is that while in the womb, the fetus is not distracted by the senses, and its connection with the attractions and distractions of the outside world. So now the soul, imprisoned within the mother, goes through physical and emotional turmoil. )e now reali!es the fact that he is going to incarnate once again to go through trials and tribulations, whose main ob ective is that he learns through pain, to become, what he intrinsically is: *n image of God+ #he Garbha Upanishad states that, the fetus promises God, that he will not repeat his evil deeds. ,ut alas+ %hen the child is born, a force called the $-aishnava "rana& touches him, and he forgets his thoughts and prayer. So the learning process, continues+ *r una in the ,hagvad Geeta as.ed /rishna, what happens, if man dies while putting in his effort to learn about Spiritual truths in one life0 't is heartening to note, that man, ta.e off, from where he left off, in his spiritual efforts. 1oo. deep within you as you read these words, do they ring a bell0 2o they sound true0 *s. yourself+ 3our S415 will reply+

Introduction: #his Upanishad e(plains in detail about the conception and growth of a child in the mother&s womb. *t each stage of development in the womb, the physical condition of the child&s body and the mental state and the condition of the eevan (the soul) within is also e(plained in detail in this scripture. 't is great wonder that our ancient 6ishis (the seers of truth) were able to grasp and visuali!e such intense secrets about the body and soul in those ancient days when there were no traces of today&s modern science and research. #o go a step ahead, we can even say that parts of this Upanishad are yet to be physically researched and understood by the modern scientists and will remain un.nown to the Science world till such time. #his Upanishad is part of the /rishna 3a ur -eda.

ethereal and so on). #hus there are seven compounds and the body is formed of such compounds. ishtam.%hy is the body said to be having si( shelters 0 't can sense and distinguish the si( forms of taste such as sweet.shu) for the vision.s with the language (vaa. ("ancha<5ive) . 't is dependent on four types of food. 't is of si( different characters and seven compounds. salty. %hen there is a oin or combination of the male and female reproductive fluids. *gain.ecause it is constituted out of the five forces of nature = vi!. water helps consolidation. air ma. madhyamam. yellow and golden white. which runs throughout the body. s. from the fat the nerves. which in turn. alongwith the other three vi!.y gray. and from the body the reproductive fluids. %hy is the body called as :"anchaatma. gaanthaaram. blac. water and fire) and is of si( shelters (li. air and s. the li?uid one is of the water. white. >. the colors are basically of seven types vi!. @. its route to the )ridayam or the )eart.. 4ach of the sense organs are created for some specific purpose = the ear (srodhram) for hearing sounds.es the team wor. from the blood the tissue. from bones the body. the airy portion is of the air and the portion which gives space is representative of the s.7ut of the body which portions represent each such force of nature 0 #hat portion which is hard is representative of the earth.. nose (naasi) to smell. anishtam and pranidaanam constitutes the ten basic forms of sound. fire enlightens. #he heart houses an ever<burning internal fire from which a biological fire is generated. #he seven forms of basic sound vi!.. 9.. #hat air. rishabam. the garbha (pregnancy or the embryo) is formed.rahman protect us (the Guru and Sishya) both+ 8ay he give us both (enough) to en oy+ 4fficiency may we both attain+ 4ffective may our study prove+ 8ay we not hate (each other) at all+ Om Shanti ! Shanti ! Shanti ! #he human body is constituted of five things (the five forces of earth. 7ut of such taste is created the blood. the hot one is of the fire.y.) for feeling the touch.). red. and the space gives time and options to carry on the various duties. . sour. eyes (ca. from the tissue the fat.The Upanishad: 78+ 8ay . the birth organ (upastham) to en oy pleasure and the rectum (apaanam) to shed the unwanted from the body. because of the good combination of such ob ects. si( types of taste (rasam) are brought in. fire.am0. smo. #hat garbha is controlled by the )ridayam (the heart). shat am. the s. air. #he earth force enables to sustain. tongue ( ihvah) for en oying the taste. #he ivan (or the soul) identifies through the brain.. water.e the physical.. ultimately and dutifully traces bac.y or the space.. three impurities and has two points of source of birth. from nerves the bones. earth.y. daivatam and nishaadam. %hy is the body said to be of seven compounds 0 %hen a man gets to possess and en oy the material ob ects which are meant for such en oyment. bitter etc. gives birth to air.in (twa. panchamam. desires with the mind and spea.

7nce ' come out of this birth source (vagina).es the shape of a solid lump. 'f the potency of the father (the male) is stronger than the mother. . it ta. the spine and the ad oining bones get shaped. (neither a male nor a female) 't is born as a blind or as a deaf or dumb or short or with other deficiency due to any mental confusion during the period of pregnancy. which enables the ivan to distinguish between different forms of ob ects and tastes. has been drun. ' am going to chant his name and other mantras to destroy all my sins carried from my earlier births.nowledge) strictly to destroy all my sins and to release myself from the bondings of all actions in . whether good or bad. *t the end of three months. stomach and the hip. the legs and foot are formed.es form.a.y me thousands of birth points (vagina) have been seenB various foods have been tastedB and innumerable times mother&s mil. The formation of the embryo and its stages of de elopment 7n a perfect day and on the uniting of the male and female reproductive fluids. #hus thin. ' am going to surrender myself to the destroyer of all sins and the Salvation provider = 8aheswara.. it ta. 'n the seventh month. twins are born.s the ivan: :. the wrist. 4yes and the 4ars are all formed during the si(th month. life or the ivan enters the body shaped so far. 'n two months. *fter seven nights from thereon. 'f the potency of both the father and the mother are e?ual with no pulling force in either. *ll my near and dear (of earlier births) for whom ' performed various actions (in earlier births).es the shape of a bubble formed out of water. the head ta. ' have born and died again and again. %hatever is consumed or drun. 2uring the fifth month. it attains full shape and gets fulfilled with all other remaining parts. intellect and ego) and their si(teen variants belong to the soul or the ivan residing in the body. which is satisfied with such feed. 't gets solidified and hardened at the end of one month. it becomes a male and vice<versa. *t the end of a fortnight. the ivan immediately starts contemplating on the eternal syllable :78. 't is during the ninth month that all the sense organs and intellect organs attain completeness. he understands the fact that the eight basic forces (five sense organs. it also ac?uires the five intellectual organs and the brain. also called as Aaaraayana (or the Supreme . after the lapse of one night. 7nce ' come out of this birth source. have en oyed the benefits of my actions and have left me all alone. 7nce he digests the essence of the same.as a rule laid down by the Supreme. ' am going to practice the Gnaana 3oga (the pursuit of . it becomes a nabumsa. %hen the body comprised of the five natural forces ac?uires intelligence by the infusion of the ivan (or the soul). ' am left behind all alone. the embryo is in a mi(ed (semi<fluid) state. by the mother passes through the nerves dovetailed with the child&s to the ivan. (to convey that the ivan had various mothers during its earlier births). #he 8outh.y the eighth month. )aving obtained this intelligence. *nd during this time. the ivan is reminded of its previous birth and it reali!es all the good and bad deeds it committed during such previous birth. *nd by the fourth month.eing called by various names). 'f the male reproductive fluid is split because of the air moving around in the body. waist etc are formed. Aose. the mind.

nown the complete constitution of a human body). ealousy. 9FD unction points. "ippalaada. when he reaches the birth source (vagina) and comes out of it with great difficulty on to the earth. 't creates the internal fire that is used to combust all the materials in ta.rahma (the one who ma. which are dependent on the inta.es it happen)B the bad intentions such as anger. nerves and tissue are comparable to the other utensils and ob ects used in a )oma. %hy is the body called as :Sariram. a ?uarter ser weighing semen or other reproductive fluid and two<sers weighing fat. the bones. 78+ 8ay .shinaagni respectively. #here is no laid down measure or weight of the urinary or the other solid e(cretions. )is memory is cleansed of all the history the very moment he first inhales the air after coming to the earth. #his 8o. 7nce ' come out of this birth source.rahman protect us (the Guru and Sishya) both+ 8ay he give us both (enough) to en oy+ 4fficiency may we both attain+ 4ffective may our study prove+ 8ay we not hate (each other) at all+ Om Shanti ! Shanti ! Shanti ! . darsana agni and . #he body also has got one ser (ser is a measure weighing around @DD grams) weighing biological fire. ' am going to contemplate on this Supreme 2ivine . )owever. HDD tissue groups (muscle). he is inflicted with the illusory force (8aya) created by -ishnu and immediately forgets all the previous births and the deeds performed therein. /oshta agni is that fire which enables the digestion of all that is consumed by the human. ()aving thus . %ith these fires present within.nowledge which enables one to distinguish between the good and bad.ull is the utensilB the )air thereon is the 2arbha (the dried grass used in homa)B the face is the sacrificing stage and the two lines of teeth.this materialistic world.sha Sastra (the scripture leading to Salvation) was enunciated by the great sage. = #hese are the thoughts of the ivan during the time it remains in the womb. one should understand his composition and divert all his power and energy into the path of attaining salvation. Gnaana agni is that fire of . !onstitution of a human body: (*part from what is said in the earlier paragraphs).en their positions in one&s face.en. an internal homa or yagna (or the ritual sacrifice) ta.oshta agni.e. two ser weighing watery substance. .sha Sastra (the scripture leading to Salvation) was enunciated by the great sage. 2arsana agni is the internal fire that gives the power of seeing to the eyes with which we are able to see different ob ects. EDD other nerves. four and a half crore hairs.. greed. 9DG nerves called as :snaayu.. stomach and the heart and are referred by the names aahavaniyaagni.. F palam (palam is an old measure that weighs around @H grams) weighing )eart and 9> palam weighing tongue. #hese three fires have ta. #he human body consists of 9DE secret spots (comparable to the genitals).es place within a human body regularly and incessantly.rahman. 0 #he body is composed of three different types of fire = vi!.aarhapatneeyaagni and da. @ID bones. "ippalaada. #his 8o. (second stress given in the Upanishad itself). Gnaana agni. desire etc are the sacrificial ob ects (comparable to the animals sacrificed)B 8ental strength or control is the vowB Contentment and the intellectual organs are the utensils that can be utili!ed in the homaB the sense organs are the sacrificial ob ects (comparable to the )avis or the rice) to be usedB the )ead or the s. *tma or the soul is the performer of the homaB the mind is the .

salty. a mass and in a month.ed many breastsB born and dead often. the child becomes maleB the mother&s = female. Sad a.Garbha Upanishad Translated by "r# $# G# %rishna &arrier 'ublished by The Theosophical 'ublishing (ouse) !hennai 7m + 8ay )e protect us both togetherB may )e nourish us both togetherB 8ay we wor. )aving .e<coloured.nowledge and meditation. %hy say $5ivefold in nature 0& #he five elements 4arth. bitter and astringent. 3ellow. acid. 9><9E. in con unction with the five vital airs the Jiva gets the capacity to . the bac. 'n two months develops the region of the headB in three months. 'f the couple have vital<air<trouble. e(isting in the five. crippled. conceives of the imperishable *tman as 7m. wind is for moving. %ind and 4ther.). *ctions done and not done flash to him and he recognises the good and bad nature of /arma. it becomes complete. 'f.now its past affairs (of past births).e of my dependants. the semen enters in two parts resulting in twins. the feetB in the fourth. belly and hipB in the fifth. the parents are agitated. three 3onis (of e(cretion) and four . the child will be blind. 'n the eighth month. from it is flesh. li?uid is water. 8adhyama..inds of food and suc. "anchama. the s. smo. thence fat.ed or stunted in growth.boneB in the si(th. water is to consolidate (digestion etc. %hen e?ual.hya<3oga which destroys misery and yields liberationB or ' resort to 8aheshvara who destroys misery. 2haivata. 'n the seat of the warmth bile. ' am immersed in grief but see no remedy.s with the tongue. ' shall myself be burnt for the deeds = the others who en oyed the fruits go away .ritis derived from it the five elements. 7m + 1et there be "eace in me + 1et there be "eace in my environment + 1et there be "eace in the forces that act on me + #he body is fivefold in nature (the five elements).ens with life and in the eighth month. a eunuch. *pana is for evacuation (of bowels). 99.nown 7m he sees in the body the eight "ra. warm is fire.inds of food. 6isabha. %hy 0 5or 2evadatta (any person) there springs up in his mind desire for en oyment of ob ects. whatever is hard is of 4arth. -ital warmth springs up in the womb and the belly. %ater. nose. 5ire. "rana flows = at the proper season ordained by the creator. #he function of the 4arth is to support. 9D.). semenB by the combination of semen and blood the foetus is born. hunch<bac. G. #he si(<fold support is the si( tastes (of food): sweet. bones. at the time of impregnation. connected with the si( ?ualities (. eaten several . depending on the si( (tastes of food). Aisadha = these are the seven agreeable and disagreeable sounds. #he embryo lying (in the womb) for (a day) and night is a confused massB after seven days it becomes a bubbleB after a fortnight. 8ay our study be vigorous and effectiveB 8ay we not mutually dispute (or may we not hate any).y the dominance of the father&s semen. wills with the mind and spea.ama etc. %hite. 6ed. #he person cognises through the intellect. .in and nose for touch and smell respectivelyB genital for pleasure. three impurities. seven 2hatus. mind. marrow. 5rom relish of food blood is born. intellect and ego and the si(teen changes Ksee "rasnopanishadL. who destroys misery. 9<E. #awny and "ale< %hite = these are the colours of the seven 2hatus (primary )umours). ' will resort to San. #he body becomes complete in the ninth month and remembers the past birth. ears for sound. 7r ' resort to Aarayana. Gandhara. tongue for taste. 5ire is to see. 'f ' did good and bad deeds for the sa. 4ther is to give space (for vital functions). it hardens. con ointly with great energy. 'f ' can get out of this.lac. . #he eyes are used in seeing form. through perfect . pungent. F. 'n this body.. eyes and earsB in the seventh the embryo ?uic. whatever moves about is air and space< enclosed is ether. $' have seen thousands of wombs.

8ay our study be vigorous and effectiveB 8ay we not mutually dispute (or may we not hate any). .in and nose for touch and smell respectivelyB genital for pleasure. Su. whatever moves about is air and space< enclosed is ether. 5ire. 7m + 8ay )e protect us both togetherB may )e nourish us both togetherB 8ay we wor. 'n this body.. 9G. hair is the sacred grass. three impurities. Krishna Warrier Published by The Theosophical Publishing House..s with the tongue. wills with the mind and spea. the Jnanagni is the mind which helps perform good and bad deeds. Urine and mala two "rasthas each. #he function of the 4arth is to support. %ater. Chennai 7m + 8ay )e protect us both togetherB may )e nourish us both togetherB 8ay we wor. #he scripture of liberation e(pounded by "aippalada ends.. tongue for taste. li?uid is water. *pana is for evacuation (of bowels).a. >9. bile is one "rastha.. tongue 9>. sense organs are the utensils. ears for sound. #he person being s?uee!ed as it were by a machine is touched by all<pervading air and forgets previous births and deeds. the mouth the interior of the altar etc.). G. phlegm one *dha.(unaffected). %ind and 4ther. 4ther is to give space (for vital functions). water is to consolidate (digestion etc.). depending on the si( (tastes of food). Garbha Upanishad *http:++. whatever is hard is of 4arth.inds of food.la is one /udupa. wind is for moving. 7m + 1et there be "eace in me + 1et there be "eace in my environment + 1et there be "eace in the forces that act on me + )ere ends the Garbhopanishad belonging to the /rishna<3a ur<-eda. e(isting in the five. warm is fire.sha.en in daily. #he eyes are used in seeing form. con ointly with great energy..sinagni is in the heartB Garhapatya in the belly and *havaniya in the mouthB the intellect is the performer&s consort. connected with the si( ?ualities (. A. %hy is the body so called 0 't has three fires: the /osthagni ripens all that is eatenB the 2arsanagni helps one see colour etc. contentment is 2i. fat two "rasthas./0upanishads+garbha#html1 Translated by Dr. %hy say $5ivefold in nature 0& #he five elements 4arth. #he person cognises through the intellect. #he heart measures F "alas. depending on what is ta. >D. 8ay our study be vigorous and effectiveB 8ay we not mutually dispute (or may we not hate any). 5ire is to see. con ointly with great energy. three 3onis (of e(cretion) and four . 7m + 1et there be "eace in me + 1et there be "eace in my environment + 1et there be "eace in the forces that act on me + #he body is fivefold in nature (the five elements).ama etc. the s. head is the ar. seven 2hatus.#cele-tel#org+. 9F. #he 2a.

#he embryo lying (in the womb) for (a day) and night is a confused massB after seven days it becomes a bubbleB after a fortnight. . a eunuch. 9D. who destroys misery.sha. smo. 9<E. Aisadha = these are the seven agreeable and disagreeable sounds. salty. 'f. 'n the seat of the warmth bile.now its past affairs (of past births). 5rom relish of food blood is born. -ital warmth springs up in the womb and the belly. a mass and in a month. conceives of the imperishable *tman as 7m.y the dominance of the father&s semen. it becomes complete.inds of food and suc. Urine and mala two "rasthas each. hunch<bac. depending on what is ta.hya<3oga which destroys misery and yields liberationB or ' resort to 8aheshvara who destroys misery. 99. eaten several . 'n the eighth month.ens with life and in the eighth month. 3ellow. #he person being s?uee!ed as it were by a machine is touched by all<pervading air and forgets previous births and deeds. >D. 6isabha. belly and hipB in the fifth. 9G. crippled. G. ' am immersed in grief but see no remedy. bones.la is one /udupa. . 'f the couple have vital<air<trouble. acid. the mouth the interior of the altar etc. the Jnanagni is the mind which helps perform good and bad deeds. con ointly with great energy. 9><9E. hair is the sacred grass. 2haivata.nown 7m he sees in the body the eight "ra.e of my dependants. 7r ' resort to Aarayana. F. semenB by the combination of semen and blood the foetus is born. in con unction with the five vital airs the Jiva gets the capacity to .ritis derived from it the five elements. it hardens. thence fat.lac. 8ay our study be vigorous and effectiveB 8ay we not mutually dispute (or may we not hate any). head is the ar.en in daily. 'f ' can get out of this. #he scripture of liberation e(pounded by "aippalada ends.e<coloured.boneB in the si(th. *ctions done and not done flash to him and he recognises the good and bad nature of /arma. at the time of impregnation. tongue 9>. mind.sinagni is in the heartB Garhapatya in the belly and *havaniya in the mouthB the intellect is the performer&s consort. "rana flows = at the proper season ordained by the creator. 9F. intellect and ego and the si(teen changes Ksee "rasnopanishadL. 'f ' did good and bad deeds for the sa. 6ed. %hy 0 5or 2evadatta (any person) there springs up in his mind desire for en oyment of ob ects. Su.a. nose. ' shall myself be burnt for the deeds = the others who en oyed the fruits go away (unaffected). fat two "rasthas. from it is flesh. #he 2a.nowledge and meditation. bile is one "rastha. 7m + 8ay )e protect us both togetherB may )e nourish us both togetherB 8ay we wor. the feetB in the fourth. the child becomes maleB the mother&s = female. the child will be blind. . "anchama. Sad a. marrow. the semen enters in two parts resulting in twins. %hite.#he si(<fold support is the si( tastes (of food): sweet. sense organs are the utensils. 7m + 1et there be "eace in me + 1et there be "eace in my environment + 1et there be "eace in the forces that act on me + )ere ends the Garbhopanishad belonging to the /rishna<3a ur<-eda. >9. the parents are agitated. through perfect . #he body becomes complete in the ninth month and remembers the past birth. 8adhyama. %hy is the body so called 0 't has three fires: the /osthagni ripens all that is eatenB the 2arsanagni helps one see colour etc.ed or stunted in growth. %hen e?ual. 'n two months develops the region of the headB in three months. #he heart measures F "alas.. #awny and "ale< %hite = these are the colours of the seven 2hatus (primary )umours). Gandhara. )aving .ed many breastsB born and dead often. contentment is 2i. bitter and astringent. pungent. eyes and earsB in the seventh the embryo ?uic. $' have seen thousands of wombs. ' will resort to San. the bac. phlegm one *dha.

Since it is ascribed to "ippalNda. "ippalNda answers si( ?uestions in the "raOna UpaniPad. 1i.hya). origins (sNW.e the other te(ts.rit treatise on ancient 'ndian embryology is thought to have been written in 9M9I . a number that is reminiscent of the si( darOanas. #his is not an argument for the lateness of the "raOna UpaniPad.html) 8oore also hints at ama!ement with the Garbha Upanishad in almost the same breath. *fter a fortnight it becomes a sperical mass. *ccording to the "urNSas.hN named after him ("aippalNda ON.s of recursion.2. and modifications (vaiOePi.hN). if the Qgveda is to be ta. and the fact that the Qgveda celebrates this river as the great river of its time.en to be no later than >DDD . which is based on a dialogue between Vu. which mirroring the si( directions..nowledge in the Garbha UpaniPad is consistent with that found in the oldest UpaniPads. but rather for the remote anti?uity of si( bases to reality. ne(t world (vedNnta). flowing from the mountains to the sea. but it doesn&t list as many channels (veins and nerves) as the other te(ts do. and associated with the 3a ur -eda. !O6!7USIO6: Given that this 2harmic Scripture may be in or ust after the -edic "eriod (MDDD to >DDD . describes ancient ideas concerning the embryo. as is suggested by hydrological evidence related to the drying up of the SarasvatR river around this time. we need to determine this sage&s place in the -edic tradition.3 B!E (http://www.C4.ra and -irocana. *fter remaining seven nights it becomes a vesicle. he should be assigned to at least the middle of the second millennium . after the se(ual intercourse.a).8// B!E# .ely composed between 58// and .C4).geocities.com/freethoughtmecca/embryo. (it) becomes a /alada (one<day<old embryo). 't states: 5rom the con ugation of blood and semen the embryo comes into e(istence.C. and he instructed 3udhiPThira in the significance of the *UgNravrata. #he physiological . basis of life (mRmNWsN). #he si( ?uestions touch upon si( different aspects of reality: forms (nyNya). *fter a month it becomes a firm mass K9>L 're45/// B!E #he first ?uestion concerns the date of the Garbha Upanishad. although it is believed that the te(t may not be as old as the sage. *s a principal arranger of the *tharvaveda. "ippalNda was the disciple of the QPi -edasparOa."ate of this scripture: . 6egarding this te(t. 2uring the period favorable to conception. #his indicates that this UpaniPad may be older than what has been assumed.C4. #his scripture of the )indus. it is most li. devas within (yoga). it spea. "ippalNda is also the instructing sage of the "raOna UpaniPad and the author of the *tharvaveda ON. called Garbha Upanishad. he writes: * brief Sans.

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