Constant Friction Method Before starting everything up compute the cfm/ room and create simple branching diagram

:
length

A

length cfm

B

length cfm

AHU
cfm Total cfm

1
cfm length cfm

4
length cfm

7
length

Fig. 1

2
cfm length cfm

5
length cfm

8
length

3

6

9

A. Compute for total cfm 1.) Compute for total TR of System 2.) Use Formula: cfm = (total TR) (300cfm/TR) 3.) take the total cfm B. Compute for friction loss (since constant friction method USED ALWAYS AS REFERENCE) 1.) Get length of the farthest terminal from the AHU (approx. using line diagram) 2.) Use formula: (Friction rate) (length of duct system) To get Friction Rate: a.) Plot total cfm and initial velocity on CHART A (ASHRAE FRICTION LOSS CHART) b.) take the value of friction loss on the left side. 3.) take the value of the system friction loss C. Duct Size Computation 1.) take A and B values 2.) plot the values of A and B on CHART A (ASHRAE FRICTION LOSS CHART) 3.) follow :

friction cfm 4.) since rectangular/square duct should be used, use CHART B ( round – rect. duct conversion) *As much as possible Limit Aspect ratio to : 3:1 ( the higher the AR thegreater the cost of production)

D. Create summarization of duct Follow: the table (refer to fig.1) and complete: Duct Section Air Quantity (CFM) To A Sample: ( 5000 ) A-B Sample: ( 2000 ) B- 7 Sample: ( 1700 ) 7-8 Sample: ( 1400 ) Duct Section To A A-B B- 7 7-8 Area (ft2) Sample: ( 3.176 ) Sample: ( 2.271 ) Sample: ( 1.381 ) Sample: ( 1.151 )

CFM capacity (%) 100% 40% 34% 28%
EQUIVALENT DUCT DIAMETER

Computation 5000/5000 2000/5000 1700/5000 1400/5000 Duct Size 22’’ x 22’’ 22’’ x 16’’ 22’’ x 10’’ 18’’ x 10’’

Duct Area (%) 100% 71.5% 43.1% 36.1%