Annotated Bibliography

Ty Costello, Nick Lasky, and Damon Lukaszewski

Primary Sources
Bombing of Pearl Harbor. Bombing of Pearl Harbor. Castle Films, 7 Jan. 2013. Web. 8 Apr. 2014. This website save us a video that described the bombing of Pearl Harbor. We got this video off of a web page. We used this video on our Pearl Harbor Page. Harvey III, James H. “History of The Tuskegee Airmen.” tuskegeetopgun.com. Web. 1 Dec. 2013. This source was about the Tuskegee Airmen and explained how they were the first top guns in the United States. The information came from a website and we used it on our Combat Record Page to explain how they pushed through training with discrimination and how they accomplished their greatest achievements, “The Four Hurrahs.” Luther, Martin. "Martin Luther King - I Have a Dream on August 28, 1963." YouTube. YouTube, 01 Jan. 2013. Web. 14 Mar. 2014. We got this video off of youtube to talk about Martin Luther King, Jr. and his famous speech “I have a dream.” We got the video off of youtube and we used the video on our Lasting Impact Page. Marlow Stern. “The Daily Beast.” thedailybeast.com. 18 Jan. 2012. Web. 3 Dec. 2013. The source was about a Tuskegee Airmen’s Story. The information came from a website, to explain what an Airmen would go through. I used this information on our Important People Page. Martz, Ron. “Black airmen recall pain, glory of World War II.” Pacific Stars and Stripes. 5 Feb. 1993: 15. Print. This source talked about what is was like to be a Tuskegee Airmen. The information came from a website; it talked about what was going on at the time. I used the information on our Who They Were Page.

Martz, Ron. “The Black Airmen of World War II recall the Pain and Glory.” European Stars and Stripes. 24 March 1993: 15 Print. We used this newspaper article to talk about the Tuskegee Airmen’s career. We got the article off a website to get our information. We used the information in our Who They Were Page. Patterson, F.D. Letter to Mrs. Roosevelt. 7 Aug. 1943. fdrlibrary.edu. Web. 14 Mar. 2014. This source was about a telegram sent to Eleanor about the progress made at Tuskegee Institute. We used this telegram from F.D. Patterson on the Eleanor Roosevelt Page. This helped us figure out how much progress was made from the start to the end of the campaign. Patterson, F.D. “Letter from F.D. Patterson to Eleanor Roosevelt.” Letter to Eleanor Roosevelt. 26 Jul. 1941. Tuskegee Institute. Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum-The Tuskegee Airmen. Web. 3 Jan. 2014. This source was about F.D. Patterson writing a letter to the first lady, Eleanor Roosevelt about the Tuskegee Airmen. The information came from a letter written by F.D. Patterson and we used our Eleanor Roosevelt Page to explain what was going on at Tuskegee Institute. Peterson, Cecil. “Letter from Cecil Peterson to Eleanor Roosevelt.” Letter to Eleanor Roosevelt. 23 May 1943. MS. Esler Field, Louisiana. Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum-The Tuskegee Airmen. Web. 3 Jan. 2014. This source was about Cecil Peterson writing a letter to Eleanor Roosevelt about his life at Tuskegee Institute. We got it from a website and we used it on our Eleanor Roosevelt Page. Cecil was wondering if Eleanor was interesting in seeing the progress made at the Tuskegee Institute. Peterson, Cecil. “Letter from Cecil Peterson to Eleanor Roosevelt.” Letter to Eleanor Roosevelt. 7 Jul. 1942. Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum-The Tuskegee Airmen. Web. 2 Jan. 2014. The source was about what was going on at Tuskegee Institute. We got it from a website and we used it on our Eleanor Roosevelt Page. It talked about how the Tuskegee Airmen were doing at the Tuskegee Institute.

Rich, Frank. “Black Eagles, a World War II Fighter Squadron.” New York Times. 22 Apr. 1991, 13. Print. This source was about Rich Frank writing about the 99th fighter squadron. The information came from a newspaper. We used it on our Red Tails Page. Roosevelt, Eleanor. “Letter from Eleanor Roosevelt to Cecil Peterson.” Letter to Cecil Peterson. 28 May 1942. Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum-The Tuskegee Airmen. Web. 2 Jan. 2014. This source was about letters to and from Cecil Peterson. We got this information from letters. We used this information on our Eleanor Roosevelt Page. Roosevelt. Eleanor. “Letter from Eleanor Roosevelt to Cecil Peterson.” Letter to Cecil Peterson. 16 Jul. 1942. FDR Library. Tuskegee Airmen and Eleanor Roosevelt. Web. 3 Jan. 2014. This source was about Eleanor writing a letter to Cecil about his career at Tuskegee Institute. We got the letter from a website and we put the letter on the Eleanor Roosevelt Page. Roosevelt. Eleanor. “Letter from Eleanor Roosevelt to Cecil Peterson.” Letter to Cecil Peterson. 9 Jul. 1942. FDR Library. Tuskegee Airmen and Eleanor Roosevelt. Web. 3 Jan. 2014. This source was about Eleanor and Cecil sending letters back and forth to each other. The letter came from a website. We used the letter to explain how much progress was made at Tuskegee Institute. We put the letter on our Eleanor Roosevelt Page.

Stout, David. “Charles Anderson Dies at 89; Trainer of Tuskegee Airmen.” New York Times. 17 Apr. 1996: 23 Print. It talked about Charles “ Chief ” Anderson’s life. I got this information out of a newspaper. We used the information on our Charles “Chief “ Anderson Page. Tuskegee Airmen 70 Years Ago. Tuskegee Airmen 70 Years Ago. Web. 20 Feb. 2014. This site gave us a video. We got the information from a website. We used the video on our Who They Were Page. “A Tale of Two Missions.” Air Power History of Air Power History. 18 Jul. 1944. Web. 17 Feb. 2014.

It talked about the Tuskegee Airmen’s missions and sorties. We got the information off a newspaper. We used this information on our Combat Record Page. “American Women in World War II.” history.com. Web. 14 Apr. 2014. It talked about women in World War II who helped in the war effort. We go the information off a website. We used this information on our Lasting Impact Page. “Andrew Rosenthal.” Blacks Are Hailed By Bush For Their Role in Military. 26 Feb. 1991. Web. 5 Mar. 2014. This newspaper talked about how President Bush praised the Tuskegee Airmen on how determined they were. We got the information off a newspaper. We used this information on our The Monument Page. "Attack on Pearl Harbor." YouTube. YouTube, 07 Dec. 2011. Web. 15 Mar. 2014. This source gave us a video of the aftermath of Pearl Harbor. We got this video off of youtube. We used this video on our Historical Context Page timeline to describe how horrific this event was. “Celebrate Freedom-Tuskegee Airmen 60th Anniversary.” knowitall.org. 2004. Web. 6 Jan. 2014. This site talked about all of the remaining Tuskegee Airmen joining together to be rewarded for what they did. We got this information from a website. We used this information on our Combat Record Page. "D-Day." history.com. A&E Television Networks, 2014. Web. 07 Apr. 2014. We used this video to figure out what D-Day was all about. We used this video on our DDay Page. It shows the basics on D-Day and how the men prepared for war.

“Executive Order 9981: Desegregation of the Armed Forces (1948).” ourdocuments.gov. Web. 1 Jan. 2014. It talked about desegregation of the Armed Forces. We got this source from a website. We used this information on our Lasting Impact Page.

“Gen. Davis, Negro, Named Cleveland Safety Director.” New York Times. 18 Jan. 1970, 1. Print. This was about General Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. getting named Safety Director. We got this source from a New York Times newspaper. We used this on our Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. Page. "Hiroshima Nuclear (atomic) Bomb - USA Attack on Japan (1945)." YouTube. YouTube, 25 Mar. 2011. Web. 13 Mar. 2014. This source gave us a video of the bombing of Hiroshima in 1945. We got the video from youtube. We used this video on our Historical Context Page to show the destruction of the atomic bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima. “Military pioneer, Benjamin O. Davis, Jr.” aaregistry.org. 18 Dec. 1912. Web. 13 Dec. 2013. This source talked about Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. and his flight career. We got it from a website and we used it on our Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. Page. It talked about his life and his records in flight.

“Negro Gets Nomination to be Major General.” New York Times. 23 May 1959: 12 Print. I talked about Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. getting nominated to be Major General. I got this information from a newspaper. We used this on our Benjamin O. Davis, Jr Page. “Red Tails: Black Pilots in WWII; the Tuskegee Airmen.” forloveofliberty.org. Web. 29 Dec. 2013. This source talked about how the Red Tails got their name. The information came from a website, and we used it on our Red Tails Page.

“Remembering Tuskegee Airmen Joseph Garner, 1920-2013.” aviationpros.com. 14 Oct. 2013. Web. 10 Dec. 2013. It talked about what the Tuskegee Airmen accomplished during their missions. The information came from a website, and we used it on our Combat Record Page.

“The Tuskegee Airmen in Combat.” Air Power History is the property of Air Power History. Web. 17 Feb. 2014. It talked about the Tuskegee Airmen’s missions and sorites. I got the information from a website. We used it on our Combat Record Page. “The Tuskegee Airmen National Historical Museum.” tuskegeeairmennationalmuseum.org. 2011. Web. 7 Jan. 2014. This site had retired Tuskegee Airmen telling their stories about flying in World War II. We got the information from a website. We used it on our Who They Were Page. “The World War 2 Diaries.” worldwar2diaries.com. Military Archives. Web. 4 Feb. 2014. It talked about a quote that Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. wrote. I got the information from a website. We used this quote on the Important People Page. “Truman Library-Executive Order 9981.” Executive Order 9981. Henry S. Truman Library and Museum. Web. 1 Jan. 2014. It talked about desegregation of the United States Military in 1948. The information came from a website, and we used it on our Lasting Impact Page to explain when the United States Military was desegregated. “Tuskegee Airman Luther Smith.” history.com. 2013. Web. 7 Jan. 2014. It talked about flight instructions and what not to do while flying. The information came from a website, and we used it on our Red Tails Page.

“Tuskegee Airmen Awarded the Congressional Gold Medal.” Web. 17 Feb. 2014. It talked about all of the medals that the Tuskegee Airmen were awarded. I got this information off a website. We used it on our Combat Record Page.

Secondary Sources
Billman, Andrew. “The Tuskegee Airmen and the Struggle for Civil Rights.” lajez.af.mil. U.S. Air Force. 4 Feb. 2011. Web. 9 Dec. 2013. This source talked about injustice towards the Tuskegee Airmen. We got it from a website and we used it on our Doomed to Fail Page. It also talked about the Tuskegee Airmen earning their civil rights and their struggle for justice. De Capua, Sarah. The Tuskegee Airmen: World War II. Chanhassen, MN: The Child’s World, 2004. Print. This book talked about all of the need to knows about the Tuskegee Airmen. We got this

information from a book. We used the information on the Who They Were Page. Miller, Melissa T. “A Tribute To Military Pioneers.” military.com. Black History Month The Tuskegee Airmen. Web. 1 Dec. 2013. The source was about Black History Month and the Tuskegee Airmen. We got it from a website and we used it on our Doomed to Fail Page. It talked about the “Tuskegee Experiment” and how the Tuskegee Airmen overcame discrimination throughout their career. “Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. Biography.” biography.com. A&E Networks. Web. 13 Dec. 2013. This source was source was about Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. and his early career. We got it from a website and we used it on our Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. Page. Benjamin faced injustice from his comrades, but pushed forward to become the 1st black general of the United States.

“Black History in Aviation.” blackhistoryinaviation.com. American Airlines. Web. 10 Dec. 2013. The source talked about the roles of the black servicemen. We got it from a website and used it on our Doomed to Fail Page. It talked about the “Tuskegee Experiment” and how they succeeded even though they were destined to fail.

“Five Branches of the Military.” soldier.net. Web. 6 Dec. 2013. This site talked about the five branches of the military and what they did. We used this information in our Military Ranks Page. “Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum-The Tuskegee Airmen.” fdrlibrary.marist.edu. The Tuskegee Airmen And Eleanor Roosevelt. Web. 1 Dec. 2013. This source talked about the Jim Crow Laws which kept blacks from public places. We got it from a website and we used it on our Lasting Impact Page. It also talked about when Harry S. Truman desegregated the US military in 1948. “Greater Cincinnati Chapter of Tuskegee Airmen, Inc.” tuskegeeairmencincinnati.org. Airmen Facts and Figures. 18 Oct. 2012. Web. 30 Dec. 2013. This source talked about Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. and General Daniel “Chappie” James.

We got the information from a website. We used the information on our Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. Page. “Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor”. learning.blogs.nytimes.com. The Learning Network. 7 Dec. 2011. web. 8 Apr 2014. This source talked about the attacks on Pearl Harbor. We got this information from a website. We used all the information we got from this website on our Pearl Harbor. “Legends of Tuskegee: The Tuskegee Airmen: Airmen in Combat.” crnps.gov. Airmen in Combat. ParkNet National Park Service. 10 Apr. 2000. Web. 30 Dec. 2013. This site talked about all of the fighter squadrons that the Tuskegee Airmen were in. We got the information from a website. We used the information on our Red Tails Page. “Loyalty. Honor. Patriotism.” army.mil. US Army. Web. 25 Nov. 2013. This site talked about the “Tuskegee Experiment.” We got our information from a website. We used this on our Doomed to Fail Page. “The Civil Rights Act of 1964.” judiciary.senate.gov. Web. 14 Mar. 2014. This source talked about the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and how it was made. We got the information from a website. We used this information on our Lasting Impact Page. “The National WWII Museum.” Focus On: The Tuskegee Airmen. US Freedom Pavilion: The Boeing Center. Web. 2 Dec. 2013. It talked about all of the important facts about World War II. I got the information on a website. We used it on our Historical Context Page. “The Tuskegee Airmen.” 5 Fascinating Facts. history.com. 20. Jan. 2012. Web. 25 Nov. 2013. It talked about the most important facts about the Tuskegee Airmen. I got the information from a website. We used it on the Red Tails Page. “The Tuskegee Airmen.” black past.org. Web. 18 Dec. 2013. This source was about the Tuskegee Airmen and the missions they flew during World War II. We got the information from a website and we used it on our Combat Record Page. It also talked about their achievements and famous Tuskegee Airmen.

“The Tuskegee Airmen At a Glance.” nationalww2museum.org. The National WWII Museum. Web. 27 Nov. 2013. It talked about important facts about the Tuskegee Airmen. I got the information from a website. We used the information on our Who They Were Page. “Tuskegee Airmen.” acepilots.com. 1999. Web. 12 Dec. 2013. This source talked about the training that the pilots went through. We got the information from a website. We used this information on our Who They Were Page. “Tuskegee Airmen Facts.” tuskegee.edu. 2014. Web. 8 Jan. 2014. This source talked about all of the need to know facts about the Tuskegee Airmen’s duties. The information came from a website. We used this information on our Who They Were Page.

“Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site.” National Parks Conservation Association, npca.org. National Parks. Web. 2 Dec. 2013. It talked about the Tuskegee Airmen Monument in Tuskegee, Alabama. The information came from a website. We used the information on our Lasting Impact Page. “Tuskegee Airmen Red Tails Aircraft of WW2.” militaryfactory.com. 2003. Web. 2 Dec. 2013. This source gave us all of our information for our entire planes section. It gave us everything we would need to know about aircraft from World War II. We used this information for all of our Planes Pages. “Tuskegee Airmen William Booker dies at age 90.” militarytimes.com. 2013. 13 Dec. 2013. This source was about the Tuskegee Airmen, William Brooker. We got it from a website and used it on our Important People Page. It talks about his life and career in the army. “US Navy Military Ranks, Lowest to Highest.” militaryfactory.com. 2003. 8 Jan. 2014.

It talked about the military ranks. The information came from a website. We used it on our Military Ranks Page.

Photographs
A War on Two Fronts. Photograph. squadron13.com. Web. 13 Mar. 2014. This website gave us a photograph that was about three airplanes flying in the sky. We got this picture off a web page. We used this on our Annotated Bibliography Page. Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. Photograph. biography.com. Web. 13 Mar. 2014. We used this picture to show what Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. looked like. We got the picture off a website. We used this picture on our Important People Page to go with our links. Broadnax, Sam. Class 45A. Photograph. military.com. Web. 21 Feb. 2014. This source was a picture of Class 45C. We got the picture from a website and used it on our Annotated Bibliography Page. The class graduated and they were ready for World War II. Charles Alfred “Chief” Anderson. Photograph. blackeconomicdevelopment.com. Web. 13 Mar. 2014. This source gave us a picture of Charles “Chief” Alfred Anderson and Eleanor Roosevelt on a plane. We got this picture from a website. We used this picture in our Important People Page to go with our links. Cpl. Perez Orlando. P-51C “Red Tail.” Photograph. Defense Imagery Management Operations Center. lonesentry.com. Wordpress. 5 Apr. 2012. Web. 4 Feb. 2014.

This website had a picture of a P-51C. We got this information from a website. We used this information on our P-51 Mustang Page. D-day. 1944. Photograph. U.S. Coast Guard/National Archives, Washington D.C. britannica.com. Gregory Mcnamee. 5 Jun. 2009. Web. 13 Mar. 2014. We used this source to get a picture and a videotaping of General Dwight Eisenhower giving words of advice to his men before D-day. We got the information from a website and we used it on our Historical Context Page.

Douglas A-20 Invader. Photograph. acepilots.com. 2002. Web. 4 Feb. 2014. We used this picture to study the aircraft of World War II. We got this information from a website. This picture was used on our Planes Page. Eleanor Roosevelt. Photograph. Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum, WBALTV.com. 11 Oct. 2013. Web. 20 Feb. 2014. This site talked about Eleanor Roosevelt's life story. We got the information off a website. We used this photograph on our Eleanor Roosevelt Page. Eleanor Roosevelt Painting. Photograph. firstladies.c-span.org. Web. 13 Mar. 2014. This source was about Eleanor Roosevelt and her career. We got this picture from a website. We used this picture on our Important People Page to put it next to our links. Emerson, La Tina. Charles Alfred “Chief” Anderson. Photograph. chronicle.augusta.com. 2012. Web. 21 Feb. 2014. This source gave us a picture of Charles Alfred “Chief” Anderson.We got this information from a website. We was on a website and we used it on our Charles “Chief” Anderson Page. FDR Dead, Nazis Quit War, Hitler Dead. 1946. Photograph. doobybrain.com. Daily Mirror. Web. 6 Feb. 2014. This source had a picture about Franklin dying. We got the information off a website. We used the information on our Historical Context Page. German Invasion Map. Photograph. secondworldwarhistory.com. Web. 13 Mar. 2014.

This source gave us a map to show where Germany invaded during World War II. We got the map from a website. We put it on out Historical Context Page.

Japanese Surrender! Photograph. thedailysentinal.com. Web. 13 Mar. 2014. We got this picture of a website to talk about when the Japanese surrendered. We got the picture from a website. We used this picture for our timeline in the Historical Context Page.

Pearl Harbor. 1941. Photograph. National Historical Museum, Hawaii. kevinschulke.wordpress.com. 2008. Web. 7 Apr. 2014. This source gave us a photograph of the aftermath of Pearl Harbor. We got this photograph off a website. We used this photo on our Pearl Harbor Page. Photograph. clevelandaerospaceacademy.org. Web. 4 Feb. 2014. This source gave us a picture of a P-51 Mustang, that we got off of a website. We used the picture on our P-51 Mustang Page. Sherman, Stephen. P-47 in flight. 1941. Photograph. Clark Gallery. acepilots.com. Feb. 2000. Web. 5 Feb. 2014. It talked about the Airmen in flight. We got this information from a website. We used it on our P-47 Thunderbolt Page. Simon, Ray. Photograph. Tuskegee, Alabama. timesonline. Web. 3 Mar. 2014. This site talked about the monument placed in Tuskegee, Alabama. We got this information of a website. We used it on The Monument Page. The Tuskegee Airmen: 5 Fascinating Facts. 1942 or 1943. Photograph. history.com. A&E Entertain, 1942 or 1943. Web. 3 Feb. 2014. This site gave us the 5 most fascinating facts about the Tuskegee Airmen. We got the information from a website. We used this information on our Who They Were Page. Tuskegee Airmen Poster. Photograph. marshallfoundation.org. 2009. Web. 26 Feb. 2014.

We used this website to get the poster from World War II. We got it from a website and put it on the Historical Context Page.

Tuskegee Airmen Escorting a B-17. Photograph. yellowairplane.com. Web. 26 Feb. 2014. We got this picture from a website to see how the Tuskegee Airmen protected the bombers. We used this picture on our Historical Context Page for a slideshow. Tuskegee Airmen with a P-51 Mustang. Photograph. curtissway.com. Web. 13 Mar. 2014. We used this picture from a website to show the Tuskegee Airmen with their P-51 Mustang. We used this picture on our Who They Were Page for the top header and we got the picture from a website. USAAF. P-39. Photograph. wikipedia.com. 1 Oct. 2013. Web. 4 Feb. 2014. This site had a picture of a P-39. We got the information off of a website. We used this information on our Bell P-39 Airacobra Page. “President Truman Wipes out Segregation in Armed Forces.” Photograph. mdk12.org. Web. 17 Feb. 2014. This source talked about the desegregation in the Armed Forces. I got the information off a website. We used it on our Lasting Impact Page.