TRIGONOMETRIC IDENTITIES

tan A = sin A/ cos A sec A = 1/ cos A cosec A = 1/ sin A cot A = cos A/ sin A = 1/ tan A sin2 A + cos2 A = 1 sec2 A = 1 + tan2 A cosec 2 A = 1 + cot2 A sin(A ± B ) = sin A cos B ± cos A sin B cos(A ± B ) = cos A cos B ∓ sin A sin B tan(A ± B ) = tan A ± tan B 1 ∓ tan A tan B

sin 2A = 2 sin A cos A cos 2A = cos2 A − sin2 A = 2 cos2 A − 1 = 1 − 2 sin2 A tan 2A = 2 tan A 1 − tan2 A

sin 3A = 3 sin A − 4 sin3 A cos 3A = 4 cos3 A − 3 cos A tan 3A = 3 tan A − tan3 A 1 − 3 tan2 A

B B sin A + sin B = 2 sin A+ cos A− 2 2

cos x = . where R = If t = tan 1 x 2 √ a2 + b2 and cos φ = a/R. sin φ = b/R. cos x = 1 2 eix = cos x + i sin x . 2t 1 − t2 then sin x = .B B sin A − sin B = 2 cos A+ sin A− 2 2 B B cos A− cos A + cos B = 2 cos A+ 2 2 B B cos A − cos B = −2 sin A+ sin A− 2 2 2 sin A cos B = sin(A + B ) + sin(A − B ) 2 cos A sin B = sin(A + B ) − sin(A − B ) 2 cos A cos B = cos(A + B ) + cos(A − B ) −2 sin A sin B = cos(A + B ) − cos(A − B ) a sin x + b cos x = R sin(x + φ). (eix − e−ix ) e−ix = cos x − i sin x . 1 + t2 1 + t2 sin x = 1 2i (eix + e−ix ) .

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