This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
9 - 1276
This manual supersedes TM 9-1276, Ordnance Maintenance, Carbines, Cal. .80, Ml and M1A1, 5 June 1943; TB 9-1276-1,15 January 1945; TB ORD 9, 10 January 1944; and TB 23-7-4, 13 October 1944.
CARBINES, CAL. .30, Ml, M1A1, M2, and M3
United States Government Printing January : 1947
WAR DEPARTMENT Washington 25, D. C, 22 January 1947 TM 9-1276, Carbines, Cal. .30, M l , M1A1, M2, and M3, is published for the information and guidance of all concerned. The material in this manual is correct as of 16 October 1946.
[AG 300.5 (15 Feb 45)].
BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF W A R :
EDWARD F. WITSELL Major General The Adjutant General
DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER, Chief of Staff
AAF (5); AGF (2); T (10); Dept (5); AAF Maj Comds (2); Arm & Sv Bd (1); Tech Sv (2); FC (1); BU (1) PE, Ord 0 (5); Dist 9 (3); Establishments 9 (3) except Am Establishments (0); Gen & Sp Sv Sch (5); A (ZI) (10), (Oversea) (3); CHQ (2); D (2); AF (3); One (1) copy to each of the following T / O & E's: 9-7; 9-8; 9-9; 9-12; 9-57; 9-65; 9-67; 9-76; 9-315; 9-318; 9-319; 9-377; 9-417. For explanation of distribution formula, see FM 21-6.
XIII. XII. XIV. GAUGES. AND FIXTURES GENERAL MAINTENANCE TRIGGER HOUSING GROUP OPERATING SLIDE ASSEMBLY BOLT GROUP FRONT SIGHT ASSEMBLY REAR SIGHT ASSEMBLY BARREL AND RECEIVER GROUP STOCK GROUP MAGAZINE ASSEMBLY EQUIPMENT FUNCTION FIRING AND FINAL INSPECTION 1-7 8-17 18-19 20-29 30-34 35-37 38-41 42-45 46-49 50-53 54-57 58-60 61-64 65-67 1 10 20 27 42 52 55 58 61 70 83 95 99 101 104 iii . III. IX. IV. VI. XI. V. APPENDIX INTRODUCTION INSPECTION PRIOR TO DISASSEMBLY TOOLS. X.CONTENTS Paragraphs Page Section I. II. VIII. VII.
30.30. and TB 23-7-4. Cal. . The front sight is of the blade type fastened to the muzzle end of the barrel. 2. 5 June 1943. M l . The rear sight is the adjustable type. For such information see FM 23-7. assembly. M1A1. . SECTION I INTRODUCTION 1. and repair of the carbines. Difference Between Models a. It has a one-piece wooden stock and a hand guard. The two sights differ only in method of manufacture. Scope This manual is published for the information and guidance of ordnance maintenance personnel. 1 . 3. air-cooled shoulder weapons delivering semiautomatic fire and are fed by a 15-round box-type magazine. TB ORD 9.30. cal. cal. which is inserted into the right side of the rear end of the stock. disassembly. TB 9-1276-1. . the other end is looped around an oiler. 13 October 1944. Carbines. Ml and M1A1. CARBINE CAL. This model is the basic carbine.30. Ordnance Maintenance. maintenance. This manual does not contain general assembly or disassembly or information which is intended primarily for the using arms. One end of a sling is attached to a swivel fastened to the front band which retains the stock and hand guard.30. Ml and M1A1 are gas-operated self-loading.This manual supersedes TM 9—1276. either D73955 (machined type) or D7160060 (stamped type). . 1). The 15-round and 30-round magazines can be used interchangeably among the various models. cal. M2 and M3. 10 January 1944. 15 January 1945. Characteristics The carbines. The carbines. . It contains detailed instructions for inspection. M l (fig. M2 and M3 deliver either semiautomatic or full automatic fire controlled by the operator through the use of a selector and are fed by a 30-round box type magazine.
The sling is attached to the sling swivel on the front band and to a slot in the lower hinge assembly on the grip. 2 . . . 2). This model is identical with the carbine Ml with the exception of the stock. cal. M1A1 (fig. Carbine. Carbine. b. cal. CAL.Figure 1. M1A1.30. . Figure 2.30 Ml. CARBINE. A separate grip is attached to the stock of the carbine M1A1 and a metal skeleton folding stock extension is hinged to the grip and to the rear end of the stock.30.
30. M2 (fig. 3 .30.c. cal. . CAL. or added. (1) This model is almost identical with the carbine. Figure 4. to produce a carbine which can be fired either in semiautomatic or fullautomatic position. M l . Receiver sections — Variations among models. the rate of fire is Figure 3. When fired in fullautomatic. CARBINE. Carbine.30. redesigned. . . through the use of the selector. cal. 3). M2. except for a number of parts which have been modified.
30 M2 and M3. 4 . .Figure 5. Operating group parts changed and added for use on carbines cal.
This magazine catch may also be used on Ml and M1A1 carbines. (b) Sear. A clearance cut was made in the inner right wall for clearance for the projecting right side of the disconnector. (g) Disconnector group — added parts. The bridge was cut down to the central section for clearance for the disconnector lever. which lies outside the trigger housing and engages and acts as a camming surface for the rear end of the disconnector lever. The redesigned Ml magazine catch for the M2 has an added projection on the left end. (The dismounting notch leads into the top of the slot. The disconnector lever assembly is composed of a trigger housing selector pin. The forward end has a projecting lug on the right side. (e) Magazine catch. The disconnector lever. 5): (a) Hammer. Do not disassemble it. (c) Trigger housing. The M2 carbine can be identified by the selector (fig. which forms a camming surface for the disconnector when operated. and a diagonal cut at the point where the shank of the handle joins the body. 4). riveted to a pivot on the pin. (h) Disconnector lever assembly — added parts. except that the left side of the magazine post is furnished with a retention slot. by the turning of the pin. The pin is turned by the selector. disconnector lever rivet. except that it has a milled cut in the lower right side to furnish clearance for the disconnector when assembled on the hammer pin. which projects from the left side of the receiver opposite the operating slide handle. which bears upon the raised shoulder of the sear. Same as the M l . Same as the M l . facing forward. when the disconnector is cam-operated by the disconnector lever for fullautomatic fire. is shifted vertically. except for a clearance cut extending along the right-hand side of the body. (f) Stock. A rounded projection on the rear end of the disconnector lever operates the dis5 .approximately 750 to 775 rounds per minute. The latter cut forms a cam for camming down the forward end of the disconnector lever.) The right side has a milled cut for clearance of the disconnector lever. and the front face with a dismounting notch for the selector spring. and disconnector lever. The pin retains the trigger housing when assembled to the receiver. (2) Description of changed parts and their relative functioning are as follows (fig. Same as the Ml sear. when the camming action of the lever is discontinued. to act as an additional support for the 30-round magazine. (d) Operating slide. Same as the Ml hammer. except for a raised shoulder on the top of the front end. The disconnector pivots on the hammer pin when assembled. A spring and a plunger bearing on the receiver return the disconnector to the inoperative position. The rear end has a lateral projection. A cut was also made in the inner left wall for clearance for the selector.
A projecting toe the front end of the disconnector lever contacts the camming surface on the operating slide. and the circular rear end of the spring seats in a vertical slot in the front face of the magazine post on the left side. Description of Adjustable Rear Sight Assemblies The rear sight assembly D73955 (machined type) or D7160060 (stamped type) differ only in method of manufacture. (See fig. CARBINE. Rear sight — machined and stamped types. The selector is mounted to the left end of the crank pin by means of a slot in the lower forward face of the selector mating with straddle slots in the end of the pin.connector. The straight front end of the spring seats into a recess in the lower rear end of the selector. CAL. The selector holds the pin in position and acts as a lever for turning. A curved wire spring holds the selector in position on the pin. 4.) The assembly Figure 6. This model is identical with the carbine.30. When assembled. M3. M2 except that the top of the receiver is designed to accommodate special sighting equipment (sniperscope) issued by the Corps of Engineers. . the bow of the spring faces upward. There are no provisions made in this receiver for the conventional rear sight. (i) Selector group — added part.30. d. An offset in the rear section provides for alignment with the slot in the disconnector. 6. and in the fullautomatic or semiautomatic position when operated. . 6 . Information on the Sniperscope may be found in TM 5-9341. throwing the disconnector lever into or out of engagement with the operating slide. cal.
. when aligned. 7 . is composed of a wing type base. 8. .Figure 7. Adjustable rear sight assembly — Machined type. The dovetail tapers slightly from right to left. Description of Cartridge A cal.) Ballistics are included in data in paragraph 6.30 cartridge is used with this carbine. (See fig. 5.30 cartridge used in rifles and machine guns of same caliber in that the bullet is smaller and the casing shorter and smaller and without a neck. tending to provide a tighter fit as the base is advanced. (See fig. by staking the rear edge of the mounting slot in the receiver into two notches in the front edge of the dovetailed lug on the sight base.) The lug slides into a dovetailed slot in the top rear of the receiver. It differs from the cal. The base is held in place. which is assembled to the bridge of the receiver from the right-hand side of the carbine by means of a dovetailed lug on the bottom of the base. 7.
. Weight of 100 cartridges 2.111 grains Muzzle velocity 2.....75 lb Weight of 1 ball cartridge 193 grains Weight of bullet (approximate).10 lb Weight of carbine..... cal... Over-all length of carbine M1A1 with bayonet attached (stock extended) 42...58 in....... with 15-round magazine (unloaded) 5....1 lb Over-all length of carbine Ml and M2 35.6...53 lb Weight of carbine....60 lb Magazine capacity (old type) 15 rounds Magazine capacity (new type) 30 rounds Weight of 15-round magazine (unloaded). M1A1 with 15-round magazine (loaded) and sling 6.. ........31 in...................59 lb Weight of 30-round magazine (unloaded) 0.63 in. Over-all length of carbine M1A1 (stock extension extended) 35.26 in. M1A1........79 lb Weight of carbine.. 0. carbine........ 6...51 in. M2 with 30-round magazine (loaded)....17 lb Weight of 15-round magazine (loaded). Ml and M2 with 15-round magazine (loaded) and sling 6..........50 lb Weight of carbine......19 lb Weight of carbines... .000 ft per sec Pressure in chamber per square inch maximum (approximate) 40.30 M1...... Over-all length of carbine M1A1 (stock extension folded) 25.. Cartridge.000 lb 8 ........ with 15-round magazine (unloaded) 6.2 lb Weight of 30-round magazine (loaded) 1.... Over-all length of carbine Ml and M2 with bayonet attached 42.. 0... Data Weight of carbines Ml and M2..Figure 8.. M2 with 30-round magazine (unloaded) 5..
5 in. Cubical displacement of arms chest 4. Forms and Records Ordnance inspection records provide a written record of the status as regards serviceability of ordnance materiel in the hands of troops... 7..1 turn in 20. Trigger pull 5-7 lb Shipping weight of arms chest containing 10 carbines Ml and M2 83.000 grains equal 1 pound avoirdupois measure... fullautomatic (M2) 750-775 rounds per min Length of barrel 18.Maximum range.00 in.. 2.00 cu ft Ballistics of cartridge (FM 23-7) Note. Sight radius at 100 yards 21. 9 ..000 yd Effective range 300 yd Rate of fire. Number of grooves 4 Twist (direction) right hand Twist . 7. Rifling: Length 16.39 3 / 8 x 103/4 x 103/4 in.77 in...00 lb Shipping weight of arms chest containing 10 carbines M1A1 91.00 in. These records must be maintained at all times.00 lb Dimensions of arms chest (outside)....
If WD AGO Form 468 is not available. 9. Purpose a. Reports a.SECTION II INSPECTION PRIOR TO DISASSEMBLY 8. (Unsatisfactory Equipment Report). inspection is made for the purpose of determining whether materiel is serviceable and dependable. maintenance. Serviceability. If the carbine is being overhauled by an ordnance shop. Report to the responsible officer any pertinent carelessness or negligence in the observance of preventive maintenance procedures 10 . accessories or equipment. Report this information on WD AGO Form 468. Fundamentally. b. with all available pertinent information necessary to initiate corrective action. C. materials. and return to the using arm ready for use. fig. spare parts. Washington 25. (See serviceability chart.) 10. General This section covers specific instructions for inspection by ordnance personnel of the materiel in the hands of troops. The inspector should be well versed in maintenance procedure for the materiel and must have a working knowledge of the tools needed for its inspection. inspect thoroughly and completely. If practical. If the carbine is found unserviceable. and the extent of its serviceability. D. put into the best possible condition that time. safety and efficiency of operation prompted by chronic failure or malfunction of the weapon. Maintenance Division. refer to TM 37-250 for list of data required on Unsatisfactory Equipment Report. as interpreted in this section. b. determine the cause and extent of unserviceability. to the office of the Chief of Ordnance. correct on the spot deficiencies in weapons in the hands of troops. 19. is the ability of the carbine to perform completely its intended functions. as well as inspection of the materiel undergoing repair in ordnance shops. Field Service. Forward suggested improvements in design. and tactical circumstances will allow.
clear at once. Operation.and safety precautions. ease of withdrawal. (9) Inspect stock extension (M1A1) for hinge action. and positive locking when extended and folded. clean the materiel thoroughly to remove any grease. Use dummy cartridges. scoring. dirt. and Functioning Caution: Hold each carbine with the muzzle pointed at the floor. Note. Inspection. and functioning before disassembling for detailed inspection. T h e inspector's aim is not to be critical of the using troops. and cracks. rust. Tight hand guards are likely to push band off when recoil is heavy. However. but to be helpful. undue looseness. as when grenade launcher is used. (5) Inspect oiler for retention in stock. d. (6) Inspect metal parts for rust. Do not touch trigger until after carbine has been cleared. Inspect carbine for appearance and general condition as follows: (1) Inspect barrel and receiver group for looseness in stock. and repair of the carbine should be thorough and exacting. (2) Inspect front band for looseness and locking on carbine and inspect sling swivel for looseness on band. (8) Inspect sling eyelet for looseness on lower hinge assembly (M1A1). or other foreign matter which might interfere with its proper functioning. corrosion. Hand guard may have slight movement backward and forward. there should bo no possibility of its becoming disengaged from the front band or skirt on the receiver. (4) Inspect front and rear sights for looseness. See that there are no obstructions in bore or chamber. b. and hinge for looseness on stock grip. and butt plate for rotation and spring action on bars. Band should be held firmly in place by shoulder of locking spring. undue scarring. and sling for wear and security on carbine. and dried out wood. operation. 1 1 . Before inspection is begun. and inspect the chamber for a live round. if available. c . or the use of the gauges and tools used in inspection. Accompany this report with recommendations for correcting the unsatisfactory conditions. (10) Inspect cheek rest plate and retaining plate (M1A1) for 11 . and hand guard for excessive looseness on stock. and movement of follower. maintenance. for the malfunction of one small part may cause malfunction of the carbine. (7) Inspect magazine for retention in receiver. check grip (M1A1) for looseness on stock and for cracks. a. dents. Inspect the carbine visually for general condition. Inspection — General Condition. (3) Inspect stock and hand guard for cracks.
Test by grasping the carbine by the grip of the stock with the left hand with index finger on the trigger. and forward movement of operating slide. The slide should continue to move forward about 5 / 16 inch after the bolt is fully locked. The same free movement should take place at the start of the rearward movement of the slide. If cartridge is not extracted the extractor claw may be damaged. and test spring action. burs. or the tube or follower dented. retract and release the operating slide. or the magazine incorrectly assembled. (4) Chambering of cartridge. foreign matter in sear notch. rusted. During the operation. and cheek rest plate cover for wrinkles. the bullet may bind on ramp or be deflected upward during chambering and strike the top of the barrel and cause a stoppage. With dummy cartridges in the magazine. If bullet ramp on receiver or barrel is rough. (3) Grip of extractor on cartridge and function of ejector. or burred. If magazine follower does not position cartridge fully up against lips of magazine. Extractor should grip base of cartridge firmly and ejector should throw it off the bolt as soon as front end of cartridge is clear of the receiver. e . examine sear and sear notch in hammer for wear. without undue looseness. If click is not heard or trigger pull appears to be light or excessively heavy. If dummy cartridges are not available. If dummy cartridges are not available. Pull the trigger all the way to the rear and hold in that position. inspect the following points: (1) Smooth functioning of operating slide and bolt. Trigger pull should not be under 5 pounds or over 7 pounds. Grasp the operating slide handle with the right hand and move the bolt back and 12 . They should reciprocate smoothly and easily. (See par. (2) Complete locking of bolt. or weak or broken sear spring.) (7) Engagement of sear when trigger is not released.looseness on bars. The bolt should chamber the cartridge smoothly when released. the magazine spring may be weak or broken. Inspect for smooth and positive functioning. (11) Inspect barrel. The sear should engage and hold the hammer when the trigger is held back and the slide operated rapidly. operate parts individually. Retract the bolt fully to insure complete engagement and retention of sear. to load and eject the dummy cartridges. A crisp click may be heard as sear slides forward into the sear notch in hammer under force of sear spring. or extractor plunger or spring broken or missing. depress follower to bottom of tube and then allow it to rise. and dried out leather. The sear should engage with sear notch in hammer when bolt is about halfway retracted. before rotation of the bolt begins. scoring. (5) Position of cartridge in mouth of magazine. Failure to eject may be caused by a broken ejector or a weak or broken ejector spring. (6) Engagement of sear with hammer. or magazine loose so that it tips forward. 13b.
The front band should be lying securely behind shoulder of locking spring when screw is drawn down snugly and locking spring engaged positively. 9). lack of lubrication. the trigger is held back fully during cocking and the bolt allowed to return to battery before releasing the trigger. with a fine grained sharpening stone. reciprocate bolt both slowly and rapidly by means of the operating slide handle. The safety should slide without undue interference. Remove such burs by stoning to a polish. or the tang of the firing pin and its mating cam in receiver may be burred. Trigger hang is also caused by old type triggers with the 4° angle on the forward face of the pedestal. or bent. 56c. (3) Safety. the carbine may fire fullautomatic and the firing mechanism should be inspected for worn or faulty parts. broken spring. allowing it to move fully forward. If spring will not. Burs may occur in bolt or operating slide guideways. depress. (8) Carbines with automatic tendencies. examine for burs. foreign matter. If binding of bolt and slide is apparent. (See par. or shock of counterrecoil will jar it off. Carbines with automatic tendencies can be detected by extremely light or short pulls on the trigger. Trigger should move forward under force of trigger spring when released from rearward position. Inspect functioning of the parts given below as indicated. Test trigger pull as explained in paragraph 13. If. If trigger does not move forward positively. and then pull it again. or excessive wood on stock or hand guard. (5) Front band (narrow and wide type). If action is sluggish. release the trigger. Release the operating slide handle in the forward position. during firing. trigger spring may be broken. (2) Trigger. The bolt and slide should move freely in their guideways. The bolt will check slightly as it rides over the hammer on its rearward movement. (1) Bolt. check for bent spring or worn or burred locking shoulder (fig. If the hammer does not fall. or damaged retainer plunger or spring.) 13 . f . disengaged. disengage slide from bolt and function individually to ascertain point of binding. 33f. and spring and guide disassembled from slide. on bolt or operating slide. The cocking cam on hammer and bolt.) (4) Magazine catch. On "automatic" carbines the hammer will often fall at this point.forth rapidly five or six times. If this is the case. tendency to automatic is detected by releasing the trigger very slowly until the sear is heard to snap. The magazine catch should return to position when released after it is pressed to the left to disengage magazine. If spring does not engage positively with front band. inspect for foreign matter in seating recess in stock. With operating slide assembled to bolt. it has jarred out of engagement with the sear and followed the bolt forward. (See par. It should block trigger when pushed fully to right and release trigger when pushed fully to left and it should be positively retained in either position.
If stop spring be14 . M4 check bayonet lug for retention. before stoning in order not to reduce metal on lug. The recoil plate should be snugly seated in its retaining recess by the screw. Recoil plates of recent manufacture are designed to apply spring tension between the parts. Test functioning of stop by retracting bolt with operating slide. (8) Recoil plate and receiver locking lug. The operating slide stop is for the purpose of "hanging" the slide and bolt in the retracted position. If binding is apparent. foreign matter in well. and pressing stop into retaining notch in receiver. (7) Rear sight. (11) Operating slide stop. If this happens. Check parallelism of barrel and receiver as explained in paragraph 52c (3). or bent housing tube. When "hung" slide is slightly retracted.Figure 9. Front band assembly for bayonet. burs. Check for looseness of rivets. Looseness of recoil plate in stock. The operating slide spring and guide should work freely in well in receiver or housing tube. (6) Front band (wide type welded to sleeve assembly). looseness of moving parts. or receiver locking lug in undercut in plate. and foreign matter. and guide assembled. the stop should be cammed out of retaining notch in receiver and lie flush with lower face of slide. The sight base should be tight in the receiver. 35e). Using a serviceable bayonet knife. Peen down burs arising from improper assembling of lug in plate. kinked spring. (For variations in housing of spring. (10) Operating slide. Mating of receiver locking lug with recoil plate may be tightened as described in paragraph 57b. will cause barrel and receiver group to become loose. Inspect sight assembly generally for rust. look for bent bar or excessively worn retaining lugs on operating slide body. see par. and be held in this position by the friction spring. Operating slide rear guide lug should not become disengaged from receiver when reciprocated unless undue upward pressure is applied. (9) Operating slide spring and guide. spring. and looseness of assembly on the carbine. Inspect band as in step (5) above. look for bent guide. dents. There should be no unnecessary play in the moving parts of the assembly.
If the trigger is not released during firing. Trigger Pull a. and allow bolt to spring forward. The word "creep" is interpreted to mean any perceptible movement in the trigger pull between the time the slack is taken up and the hammer is released. until trigger is pulled. fully retract bolt to cock the hammer. which will combine to 5 and 7 pounds. and allow bolt to spring forward. c . hammer notch. cal. (2) The inspector. Operating Inspection. it may jar into the notch and "hang" the bolt when the carbine functions. test for functioning as follows: a. Carbines. retract bolt to cock hammer. Test safety with selector in both positions. d. or creep is present. retract bolt to cock hammer. with trigger released. and the force exerted to release hammer should be more than 5 pounds and less than 7 pounds (See b below. and trigger held back. replace stop or spring or send carbine to base shop or arsenal for repair. e. . it indicates that there is wear or burs on sear nose. or top of trigger lip. If nose of stop or edge of retaining notch becomes worn. If there is insufficient friction on stop. cock the hammer as above and allow bolt to spring forward. with pressure applied to the trigger at a uniform rate of increase over a period of 10 seconds or more. Hammer should not fall. With trigger held back. Push selector forward to place mechanism in full automatic position. Note. without creep.) If pull is rough. 12. stop is likely to slip and fail to bang bolt. GENERAL. With trigger released. or not within specified limits. The hammer should not fall until the bolt is fully locked. and the selector is pushed forward to the full automatic position. stop may catch in retaining notch when slide reciprocates. in testing trigger pull of carbines in the hands of troops. It should not be possible to release the hammer with safety pushed to right. 15 . Note. or friction spring becomes weak or broken. t h e hammer will fall. (1) Test trigger pull for smoothness and for pressure exerted. The hammer can distinctly be heard striking the firing pin.comes broken.30. or interference between trigger and housing. then ease bolt forward slowly. Pull selector fully to rear to place mechanism in the semiautomatic position. Hammer should not fall until trigger is pulled. Then. If such is the case. should have hooks and weights. Trigger should always be released when shifting from semiautomatic to full automatic fire or vice versa. Hammer should not fall until trigger is released and then pulled. b. 13. smooth in action. Trigger pull should be clean. With selector still forward. M2 and M3 With carbine fully assembled and unloaded and safety pushed to left fire position.
developed pits.) Examine barrel for pits or mechanical damage. Each time weights are applied to the trigger. 10). classification of barrels by visual inspection is a matter of individual skill and judgment and therefore offers many problems. however. Headspace measurements should be within the limits set by serviceability chart. Note that safety is disengaged and pushed all the way to the left. Make a gauge inspection to determine the amount of wear that has taken place in the chamber. and that wire and axis of bore are perpendicular to the floor. raise the weight from the floor as gently as possible. it is to be scrapped. or the 7-pound weight fails to pull the trigger to release the hammer. and that carbine is cocked. hammer spring. or pits cutting the lands are considered unserviceable for oversea shipment. b. With the barrel of the carbine held vertically. 16 . A barrel having fine scattered pits but with sharp edges on the lands may be considered serviceable. Examine barrel for mechanical damage and examine the chamber for deep pits that would seriously affect extraction. This will result in a false reading next time weights are applied. and insert the hook of trigger weight wire through the trigger housing guard bow to bear on the trigger so that pressure is applied 1 / 4 inch from lower end or tip of trigger.b. Barrel and Receiver Group a. or if it has a pit or pits in the lands or grooves large enough to permit the passage of gas past the bullet. If 5-pound weight pulls the trigger to release the hammer. Have the weights resting on the floor or ground. and/or trigger or all four until the required pull is obtained. sear. 19. or in related parts affecting headspace.) The only correction allowed in field repair is the selective assembly of hammer. Headspace measurements are within limits set by the serviceability chart. otherwise sear may be partially disengaged from hammer. The various possibilities are divided into three classes: (1) Weapons in hands of troops. A pit the width of a land or groove and 3/8 inch long or longer indicates this condition. Inspect the barrel visually to determine the condition of the bore. 19. Note. (See fig. Care in interpretation and application of the standards contained herein will aid in arriving at a uniform point of rejection. 14. Take care during the test to see that the wire contacts the trigger only and does not rub against the trigger housing or stock. (2) Weapons to accompany troops overseas. cock the weapon again. TESTING TRIGGER PULL (fig. correct the carbine or forward to a base shop or arsenal for correction.) If the barrel is pitted to the extent that the sharpness of the lands is affected. (See par. Only barrels which show excessive wear. The point at which a barrel is rejected by visual inspection varies with the disposition to be made of the rifle immediately following inspection. (See fig. 33d. as the tolerances are definitely set. Gauge inspection offers no problems.
The headspace of a carbine is the distance between the shoulder of the chamber and the face of the bolt when the bolt is in locked position. 19. Headspace measurements are within limits set by the serviceability chart. 15. If headspace is excessive. the general appearance of the bore should approximate that of a new barrel and should appear to have a minimum of 75 percent of its normal life left. Headspace Gauging a . the cartridge will have too much play in the chamber when the bolt is locked be17 . (See fig.) A few fine pits are acceptable. However. (3) Weapons to be placed in storage for reissue. Testing Trigger pull.Figure 10. the bolt will not fully lock behind the cartridge without being forced. If headspace is insufficient.
Test headspace with gauge (fig: 54). wipe dry. Check ramp for worn or burred guideways and index ball retention 18 . Caution: Do not force. 16. worn faces of bolt. If the bolt locks fully on the maximum gauge. dents. c. However. If follower does not depress and rise smoothly to the top of tube under spring action. and foreign matter. a variation usually is due to wear and causes excessive headspace to develop. burs. as follows: (1) Clean bore. Be sure that gauge is perfectly clean and dry. As component parts of the carbine are manufactured to close tolerances and headspace is carefully checked at manufacture. Operate the mechanism a few times to see that bolt closes and locks smoothly on an empty chamber. and allow the bolt to move slowly forward to the locked position so the gauge enters the chamber of the barrel. b.hind it. and operating parts thoroughly. look for burs. Adjustable Rear Sight Assembly a . Lock the bolt completely when the minimum gauge is used. (3) Retract the bolt slightly to disengage the operating slide stop. and looseness of assembly on the carbine. (4) Pull back bolt and remove gauge. or shiny wings. looseness of moving parts. deformed. b. and weak. Either condition is unsafe. See serviceability chart (fig. Apply pressure evenly on the follower when depressing in order not to "cock" or rotate it in the tube. or reversed spring. and inspect for metal fouling or foreign matter. The sight base should be tight in receiver. There should be no unnecessary play in the moving parts of the assembly. Inspect sight assembly generally for rust. Excessive headspace due to wear may be caused by advanced chamber shoulder. gripped by the extractor. Forward headspace gauges to an arsenal once a year for checking. worn locking lugs on bolt. or burred tube or follower. 19) for proper headspace gauge. Place the headspace gauge on the face of the bolt. assembly of parts with maximum tolerances may result in either excessive or insufficient headspace. or allow bolt to close sharply under spring propulsion. broken. Inspect follower for smooth movement in tube under force of spring by depressing follower and allowing it to rise. or worn locking shoulders in the receiver. and corrosion in tube. the headspace is excessive and the carbine unserviceable. reversed follower. Note. (2) Retract and hang the bolt by means of the slide stop. Magazine Test magazine for retention in carbine. 17. burred. rust. Check sight base for looseness and bent. chamber of barrel.
or both.notches in floor. and staking. Check notches for foreign matter. attempt to move lower end of ramp from side to side. Press rear end of ramp down and release. to test spring action of index ball on knob. Check windage screw for wear of threads. Check index plate on rear face of ramp for security and setting. security. and looseness. it indicates worn threads on either windage screw or ramp. 19 . There should be approximately 0.005 inch lateral movement of the knob. burs. With ramp centered in sight base. There should be practically no lateral movement. If very noticeable movement is present. d. to check spring action of ramp guide plunger. press windage screw knob to left and release. With ramp centered in sight base. c . due to pressure and index spring action.
. for depressing the ejector plunger. M1A1. A small stud on the inside forward end of the tool bears against the ejector. are standard 1o maintenance organizations and are listed in appropriate standard nomenclature lists. General a. 20 (1) The gas cylinder reconditioning tool consists of — . 12). c.) which normally are used in maintenance and repair. A spring loaded plunger protrudes from the front and when the plunger is bottomed it acts as a stop to align the hole for the front sight pin. Special Tools a. and M2 are listed on ORD 6 SNL B-20. disassembly. A thumb screw set at an angle applies pressure when tightened. c.SECTION III TOOLS. DISASSEMBLING. b. 11). 11). TOOL. This tool consists of a steel frame slotted on one end to fit over the band to the rear of the front sight. and repair of the carbine. FRONT SIGHT 41-T-3318-500 (fig.30. FRONT SIGHT 41-T-3017-625 (fig. ASSEMBLY 41-T-3318 (fig. REMOVING. 11). This tool consists of a hollow tube 0. ASSEMBLING. d. M l . A cut on the upper front portion of the tool provides a bearing surface for driving on the sight. drifts. and a pivoted pawl. to the right locking lug of the bolt. A N D FIXTURES 18. TOOL. GAUGES. TOOL. cal. Return all field service inspection gauges to an arsenal for checking once each year. 19. The front sight assembling tool is a hexagonal shaped driver with the interior drilled which acts as a guide to receive the barrel. The special tools and gauges for the inspection. COMPLETE 41-T-3164 (fig. On the other end of the tool is a jack screw with a floating pilot which seats in the muzzle of the barrel. assembly. is on the upper forward portion of the tool. stones. TOOL. etc. e. and also makes it possible to rotate the sight on the barrel for alignment of the key and keyway. REMOVING. TOOL. Common tools (screw drivers. 12).3135 inch diameter with a handle projecting at a 90° angle from the tube. hammers. b. BOLT 41-T-3019-625 (fig. TRIGGER SPRING. pliers. This tool consists of a concave body to receive the bolt. G A S CYLINDER RECONDITIONING.
30 41-R-488-125 (fig. The staking fixture is a template used to locate the points of staking after installing an adjustable rear sight. The staking punch is used for staking the receiver to hold the adjustable rear sight in place. 41-T-336-900. gas cylinder 41-H-2373. f. 14). tap and spanner wrench. A dovetail guide and a locating pin in conjunction with a lip on the lower right-hand side of the tool assures that the tool is positioned correctly. The universal joint permits the reamer which is in alignment with the barrel to be rotated by the handle protruding from the receiver at an angle. ASSEMBLING. 1/2-32NS3. A spacer. ( b ) Tap.005 41-P-3848-950 (fig. (c) Wrench. P T . STAKING SIZE 1/8 INCH X 2 INCH. CAL. The holder is designed to be attached to the lug on the bottom of the receiver. ADJUSTABLE R E A R SIGHT 41-F-2997-358 (fig. which serves as a lever when inserted into the wrench or tap. RECEIVER AND BARREL. . utilizes a jack screw to force the sight into position. gas cylinder. The torque wrench is used in conjunction with the rear sight assembling tool in order to measure the pressure required to position the adjustable rear sight.. CAL. providing a greater bearing surface than the receiver wrench of early manufacture. ADJUSTABLE REAR SIGHT 41-T-3016-125 (fig. TOOL. FIXTURE.(a) Holder. RECEIVER AND BARREL. STAKING. spanner. 13). This tool is designed to fit over the receiver. CARBINE 41-W- 1998-765 (fig. k. gas cylinder 41-T-3249-725. i. attached to the tool. . 14). REAMER. CAL. CARBINE-S. COMPLETE 21 . One end of the fixture is used with the stamped type sight. A jack screw and connector serve to remove adjustable rear sights which cannot be installed within the prescribed pressure limits. . l. 13).30. The wrench and tap are operated by using a steel pin attached to the holder. 0. BREECHING SPACE. WRENCH. a holder. (2) It is used to remove and install the gas piston nut and to recondition the threads in the gas cylinder. 41-Wg. This wrench has a rectangular opening in the side which conforms to the carbine receiver and is used to remove barrels when rebarreling is necessary. 1 / 4 INCH SQUARE DRIVE. 13). 13). This tool is a reamer connected to a handle by means of a universal joint. PUNCH. TORQUE. WRENCH. WRENCH. Drill a well in the holder to receive the shaft and spring of either the wrench or tap. This is a special wrench designed to conform to the three sides of the carbine receiver. a wrench. 60- 1998-750 (fig. 15). the other with the machined type sight. CARBINE. INDICATING INCH POUND 41-W-3628-80 (fig. h. serves to reinforce the wings of the stamped typed sight when pressure is applied by the jack screw. and when properly located. and a tap. it is composed of three main parts. j.30 CARBINE.
Figure 11.m. 16).295 41-G-199-180 (fig. R E A R SIGHT B7161446 41-G-13-327 (fig. is centered through the aperture. p. 16). ALIGNING. GAUGE HEAD- These gauges are used to check the headspace in carbines. T h e firing pin protrusion gauge is a double end gauge with a GO notch on one end and NO GO notch on the other. Special tools. n. GAUGE FIRING P I N PROTRUSION 41-G-194-125 (fig. and a scribe mark made along this surface is used as an alignment mark when installing the new sight. GAUGE. 41-G-199-175. o.300 41-G-199-200 (fig. that is parallel to the axis of the bore. HEADSPACE. This gauge is provided for fifth echelon maintenance in addition to the gauges used in third and fourth echelon maintenance. 22 . 1. 13). GAUGE. 16).290 SPACE 1. The right rear portion of the gauge. GAUGE. HEADSPACE 1. This gauge is designed to fit over the old " L " type sight.
Figure 12. Front sight removing and assembling tools. 23 .
24 .Figure 13. Tools for installing adjustable rear sight. Figure 14. Receiver wrenches — early and present manufacture.
.30 M2 and M3 — Gages. cal. 25 .Figure 15. Reamer. Figure 16. Carbines.
Groups are disassembled. The overhaul flow chart (fig. A group is a number of parts or assemblies. or both. be considered together. 18) represents the various steps necessary in overhaul of the carbines. or repaired. 17) of the carbine and the accessories. b. trigger group. (2) The gauge inspection section should check dimensions with the use of fields service gauges and should spot-check components passed or rejected by visual inspection. assembly. which either function together in the carbine. c . (3) The section handling wooden components is responsible for inspecting and determining that the components have not been damaged to an extent that will affect the structural strength. etc. Scope a. refer to FM 23-7. (1) It is the duty of the disassembly personnel to perform visual inspection on all components as they are removed to insure that unserviceable components are dropped from the flow of parts as soon as they are removed. and assembled according to instructions contained in this manual. bolt group. final inspection. and packaging. For information on removal and installation of groups. inspected. replaced. thereby acting as a control over the previous inspectors. M l . 27 . there are six stages of overhaul: degreasing. This section must also make any minor repairs necessary and refinish and reoil the wooden components when necessary. Examples are stock assembly. M1A1. refinishing. cal. Fundamentally.SECTION IV GENERAL MAINTENANCE 20. therefore. the main groups (fig. . For convenience and clarity. (4) It is the responsibility of the parts section to maintain a record of parts on hand and to fill the needs of the assembly personnel by transporting required parts from the bins to the individual assemblers. (6) The tools and fixtures required for assembling the carbine are covered in section III of the manual. disassembly.30. are covered in separate sections of the manual. M2. (5) Sections have been provided in this flow chart to cover the assembly of certain components ready-to-use for the carbine assemblers. or are intimately related to each other and should. and M3.
Parts requiring replacement due to wear or breakage can be determined only by a complete inspection as generally outlined in section on inspection. (9) After function firing. the assembly should be replaced. Use only tools that fit snugly on parts. and removing rust and dirt where possible. As a part of assembly and replacement of groups. Third echelon will not normally perform any refinishing. this is a detailed inspection to determine positively whether the weapons are up to required standards. Shop inspectors must locate and report to shop officer any incorrect practice used by shop personnel. d. Fifth echelon base shops will process materiel to be placed in storage for reissue. oil for preservation. Tools that do not fit will fail or cause damage to those parts. (8) After weapons are assembled function fire and perform any necessary minor repairs. Where parts of an assembly are worn or broken. 2 1 . General Methods Observe carefully the following general procedures during repair and overhaul operations: a. using an approved method of cleaning. Allocation of Maintenance Responsibilities Third and fourth echelon will normally process materiel for use in the hands of troops. it is given a brief inspection for proper functioning of the major components. clean weapon for three successive days. etc. or otherwise unserviceable. It is the responsibility of the shop foreman to see that such work is being performed competently and correctly. It is the responsibility of individual personnel to see that care is exercised in all maintenance and repair procedures at all times. and mat6riel to accompany troops overseas. threads.(7) After the carbine has been assembled. Make such repairs as stoning burs. are repaired or replaced. Parts and assemblies described in the following sections of the manual found by inspection to be worn. 19. (11) Carbines which meet required standards are packaged in accordance with specified instructions and certified to be serviceable. Assemble groups before replacing them on the weapon. c. and inspection paragraphs pertaining to the 34 . damaged.) 22. clean. b. (10) Final inspection follows cleaning. and lubricate the sliding surfaces. unless such procedure so alters the part as to fit or function that replacement of the part is advisable. and more time is required to remove the serviceable parts from the assembly than the parts are worth. chasing damaged threads. Repair of the carbine normally entails replacement of unserviceable parts or assemblies. (See fig.
and eject properly. such as bolt lugs. Dimensions of the various springs are given in the inspection paragraph of section pertaining to t he group of parts to which t he spring pertains. Remove burs on working surfaces. assembly. 25. use crocus cloth or fine abrasive cloth. Remove burs on screw heads. and not to remove more metal than is absolutely necessary. refer to ORD 8 (addendum) of the standard nomenclature lists pertaining to the materiel in question. cracked. With chamber empty. Smooth rounded contacting surfaces with crocus cloth. e . check for set. Feed dummy cartridges loaded into a magazine into the gun. threads. If this does not suffice. Testing Carbine After Assembly a . 23. polishing. replace them. If springs arc less than minimum free length. Caution: Take care to stone and file evenly and lightly. or otherwise damaged springs. extract. Only special repairs and modifications are covered in the maintenance paragraphs in the following sections. to remove thoroughly all dirt and abrasive. Check carefully all springs in the carbine for free length. 24. and stoning are necessary to relieve friction and to remove burs set up by firing and usage. When requisitioning parts and assemblies for replacement purposes.carbine groups. Nomenclature and part numbers appearing on figures in this manual are for identification only. operating slide grooves. and minimum free length. and bolt fully close. with a fine grain sharpening stone. number of coils. Removal of Rust Light rust may generally be removed with a cloth moistened with light oil or rifle bore cleaner. and releasing. Never alter parts or assemblies in any way that will make them noninterchangeable or affect their proper operation or function. Take care not to scratch or alter cleaned surfaces. Parts must work freely. b. Removal of Burs from Screw Heads and Working Surfaces During the entire life of the carbine and other materiel. and to reoil surfaces before assembling the parts. Inspection and Replacement of Springs If weakness of springs pertaining to the guns is suspected. 35 . and seating.. 26. Replace broken. and retract the bolt by hand to determine whether cartridges will feed. and accessories. etc. and like surfaces with a fine file. rusted. test action by retracting the bolt. or chase out with a die or tap.
Clean by wiping large parts with. Clean and dry thoroughly before the oil is applied. Repeat this procedure on the two following days. CLEANING PROCEDURE. Otherwise.t a b l e spoonfuls of soda ash to each pint of hot water. Inspect daily to detect development of rust. clean the bore again with rifle bore cleaner. This is accomplished by cleaning thoroughly after firing and by maintaining a preservative coating on the bore surfaces at all other times. Clean the bore with soda ash solution in accordance with detailed procedures in pertinent Field Manual and Technical Manuals. MOVINO PARTS AND M E T A L SURFACES. or a solution of 1 1 / 2 . and oil. the bore may be cleaned with a solution of 1/4 pound of castile soap or issue soap shaved into 1 gallon of hot water. 36 . d. do not wipe dry. BORE. renew the oil film every 7 days. Likewise reoil and lubricate materiel disassembled for cleaning or repair when reassembled.27. (5) If rifle bore cleaner is not available. Keep materiel in the shop waiting delivery or pick-up clean and oiled to prevent rust at all times. special. and reoil. remove corrosion or gummy deposits resulting from congealed oil with rifle bore cleaner or dry cleaning solvent. c. Carefully degrease. Rinse the bore thoroughly with clear. reoil and lubricate materiel received from storage when reassembled. (See TM 9-850. be sure to use moisture-free patches for wiping. wipe dry and coat with preservative lubricating oil. IMPORTANCE OF PREVENTING R U S T . (4) If the weapon is not fired over a long period. (2) On the third day after firing. (3) During prolonged periods when the weapon is not fired. It is vital to the accuracy of small-arms materiel to maintain the bore in a rust-free condition. Wipe a light film of preservative lubricating oil (special) over all parts. Refer to TM 9-850 for detailed instructions on the use of cleaning and lubricating materials. It is essential that prescribed cleaning and preservative procedures be followed rigidly. rifle bore cleaner or dry cleaning solvent. or more frequently if rust appears. wipe dry. and dipping small parts in. warm water after cleaning.) b. and renew the oil film as frequently as necessary to provide adequate protection. Do not wipe dry if the weapon is likely to be fired within the next 24 hours. In humid atmosphere. special. and then wipe dry. clean the bore thoroughly with rifle bore cleaner and leave a coating thereon. wipe dry. Cleaning and Rust Prevention a. Protect moving parts and surfaces of small arms from rust for short periods by coating with preservative lubricating oil. Follow the procedures indicated below: (1) After firing.
(1) This cleaner is prescribed for cleaning bores after firing and during periods of inactive service. inspect materiel daily for rust. Rifle bore cleaner has the additional advantage of containing rust-preventive properties which will provide adequate protection against rust for a period of 24 to 48 hours during which the bore is not oiled. When it is used.28. Use preservative lubricating oil (special) on moving parts and in bores in all temperatures. It replaces preservative lubricating oil (light). Use only preservative lubricating oil (special) for ground weapons at temperatures below 0° F. until stocks of preservative lubricating oil (light) are depleted. ( b ) Above 32° F. These oils have rust-preventive as well as lubricating properties. except when exposed to high humidity. or salt air at temperatures above 32° F. Rust Preventives and Cleaning Materials a. soap solutions. Make frequent inspections to insure maintenance of an adequate oil film. especially when the weapons may be submerged in water or exposed to spray. b. (d) To coat exposed. nonworking surfaces of aircraft weapons which are subject to rusting. Use lubricating oil (special) for lubrication of all moving parts and for protection against rust of metal parts of small arms. for weapons fired on the ground. (2) After prolonged firing. (3) When preservative lubricating oil (medium) is used for temporary storage. and for short-term storage. the most efficient cleaning action is ob37 . moisture. make frequent inspections to determine that the oil film is adequate to prevent rusting. R I F L E BORE CLEANER. PRESERVATIVE LUBRICATING O I L ( M E D I U M ) . and for lubrication of the moving parts of aircraft small arms at all temperatures. clean if necessary. (2) Use this oil to lubricate small arms and machine gun mounts under the following conditions: (a) Landing operations. and provides faster and more complete cleaning than other materials such as soda ash. (c) Above 32° F. c. In an emergency. especially under excessive moisture and humid conditions. or hot water. Either of the oils may be used at temperatures above 0° F. under excessive moisture conditions. and coat lightly with oil. It is applied by means of patches saturated with the cleaner. PRESERVATIVE LUBRICATING O I L (SPECIAL). (1) Lubricating oil (medium) is comparable in weight (viscosity) to engine oil (SAE 30). use lubricating oil (light) but do not depend upon it for protection from rust. It contains rust inhibitors which provide preservative characteristics superior to those of engine oil and the lighter preservative lubricating oils. This is especially desirable in combat areas where weapons must always be ready for immediate firing. in humid and salt areas. but should be depended upon to provide only day-to-day protection from rust.
) This compound is prescribed only for the exteriors of bearings and joints of machine gun mounts being prepared for shipment or long-term storage. and also to clean small arms when rifle bore cleaner is not available. However. will evaporate some of the solvents in the rifle bore cleaner. this will reduce the rust-preventive qualities. The parts are wiped dry after cleaning and the prescribed oil applied. the following surfaces and areas will be wiped dry with a clean. This compound is designed especially to provide protection of metal parts against rusting for long periods while small arms are boxed and in storage. RUST-PREVENTIVE COMPOUND (HEAVY). (4) Rifle bore cleaner will also be used in lieu of dry cleaning solvent to clean other small-arms parts. When exposure to rain or sea water spray is anticipated. g. Dry cleaning solvent removes all oily films from metal parts and its use is therefore always followed by application of a lubricating or preservative film. f. DRY CLEANING SOLVENT. it may be diluted with 50 percent water in temperatures above 32° F. petrolatum type compound. and is not used on weapons. . (See TM 9-850 for instructions covering its application. dry cloth and then lightly coated with rifle grease by rubbing it on with the finger tip: (1) Surface of the bolt actuating cam on the operating rod. greaselike. Take particular care after cleaning to wipe all surfaces completely dry of solvent. This is a heavy. M l .30. Temperatures above 150° F.tained when the tube is cool enough to touch with the hand. nondrying. without reducing the cleaning efficiency materially. when exposed to rain or sea water spray. particularly in cold climates. (3) When the supply of rifle bore cleaner is limited. at rear end of bolt. thereby reducing its cleaning efficiency. This is a petroleum solvent used for degreasing materiel. 38 . M1A1. (4) Upper and lower circular surfaces forming the receiver bridge.) Remove rust-preventive compound (light) completely from all parts of small arms before firing. and then to apply a thin film of oil immediately. (2) Locking recesses in the receiver. because it will harden at low temperatures and cause serious malfunctioning. (See TM 9-850 for detailed procedures. M2. It is a gelatinous semisolid and is warmed before application. Heating and application instructions are the same as those prescribed for rust-preventive compound (light). therefore bores cleaned in this manner must be dried and coated with oil immediately. d. cal. and M3. This grease is a lubricant and preservative for use on certain areas of the carbines. (3) The hammer actuating cam on the rear of the bolt. RUST-PREVENTIVE COMPOUND ( L I G H T ) . R I F L E GREASE. e.
Storage and Shipping a . for heating. Take special care to clean thoroughly all recesses in which springs or plungers operate. When placing prepared materiel in boxes. cloth absorbs atmospheric moisture and causes rusting. brush on rust-preventive compound (light) at temperatures as low as 60° F. but not over 200° F.. 39 . such as steam or hot water. The brush should be clean. Small arms removed from storage and put into service must have all traces of rust-preventive compound removed from the parts by cleaning or washing in dry cleaning solvent or Diesel fuel oil or placing in a vapor degreaser. Before applying rust-preventive compound (light). Do not use strong alkaline solutions. Failure to do this may cause malfunctioning at normal temperatures. and will certainly do so when rust-preventive compound congeals solidly at low temperatures. Do not wrap small arms coated with rust-preventive compound in cloth of any kind before placing in boxes for storage or shipment.29. If heating facilities are not available. Coat the support cleats and supporting straps in boxes with rust-preventive compound before the materiel is put into the box. clean all parts thoroughly with dry cleaning solvent and dry. handle pieces without placing fingers on metal surfaces. therefore use an indirect method. The preferred method of applying rust-preventive is by dipping the parts in the compound heated to about 180° F. One way to apply indicated rust-preventive to the bore is to dip a cleaning brush in rust-preventive compound and pass it through the bore several times. Preservative lubricating oil (medium) is intended for preservation of small arms in temporary storage not exceeding 30 days. Do not heat the compound over a flame as there is danger of it catching fire. c . For shipping or long-term storage. Direct heat destroys rust-preventive qualities. Do not touch the parts with bare hands as perspiration accelerates rusting. b. use rust-preventive compound (light).
REPLACING TRIGGER SPRING. Replace the spring by reversing the procedure of removal. Figure 20. 20).SECTION V TRIGGER HOUSING GROUP 30. Trigger housing group — disassembled. (3) Withdraw the tool and spring while pushing the handle of the tool slightly to the right. REMOVING TRIGGER SPRING (fig. 42 . 21) in the recess in the rear of the trigger housing containing the trigger spring. compress. and retain the trigger spring within the tube of the tool. b. depress the trigger and withdraw the tool from the bousing. (2) Turn the handle of the tool one-quarter turn counterclockwise. Disassembly a. (1) Insert the tube port ion of the trigger spring removing tool (fig. When the spring is in position in the retaining groove of the trigger.
Trigger housing. worn or burred retaining lugs. 3 1 . Ml and Ml A1 — points of inspection.30. . Installing trigger spring. foreign matter in recesses. bent trigger guard bow. TRIGGER HOUSING. carbines. and Figure 22. burred magazine catch guideway. worn or burred pinholes. cal. Inspection a. Inspect housing for deformation. 43 .Figure 21.
(Head of early design pin is seated in counterbore.rust. and end of pin retaining spring should grip lip of pinhole for retention. rust. Trigger pins carbines. Check hammer for worn pinhole. . b. Bearing face of sear notch should be level and angle between faces 115° with tolerance Figure 23. and rust. Check sear notch for wear.) c. and foreign matter. 44 . burred or dented face or bolt cam. burs. TRIGGER HOUSING RETAINING P I N .30. and cracks at point where retaining spring seats in pin (early design). worn or burred plunger retaining slot. HAMMER. Inspect spring in pin (early design) (fig. Ml and M1A1 — early and present manufacture. Check counterbore in hammer spring plunger aperture for burs. burs. Inspect retaining pin for wear. Head of pin should seat flush with face of housing when in position. Pins of recent design have no spring. cal. Inspect housing for looseness of retention with receiver. and end of spring is in bevel of lip of pinhole. 23) for positioning and looseness. there should be no excess shake. burs.
d. and wire diameter of 0. In hammers of recent design this angle is 118° with a tolerance of 30 minutes. hammer for looseness on pin. HAMMER SPRING AND PLUNGER.042 inch. Difference in contour between the new and old design hammers for carbine cal.5 coils.5 1. 24). Replace early design hammer springs t h a t had a free length of 2. Inspect hammer spring for functioning.431 in. Hammer Spring (Present Manufacture). 26. and set. (fig.046 inch with hammer spring (A377921) of recent design t h a t has a free length of 2.171 in.Figure 24. . Note. deformation. A377821 Number coils Mean assembled height Load at mean assembled height Operating height Load at operating height 26.616 inches. 22 coils. Movement of hammer on pin should be free.G16 inches. and rust. Note. Inspect hammer pin for wear and burs. of 1 degree. 25). Inspect hammer stop lug on left face of hammer for wear and burs. but without shake. Inspect fit of head of plunger in slot in rear face of hammer. burs. and pin for looseness in trigger housing. and wire diameter of 0. Free length of spring is 2. Inspect hammer spring plunger For deformation. 19 ±1 lb 45 .125 inches. wear. 16 ± 1 lb 1. Replace early design hammer (C57146) with hammer (C153447) of recent design (fig. Head should seat evenly and positively in slot.30.
for deformation and burs. wear. Check sear for movement on trigger pin. Check sear spring seating recess for foreign matter. Tips of spring should be slightly spread. When trigger hand exists it can be eliminated by replacing the trigger with one of recent manufacture having a 20° angle on forward face of pedestal. e.Figure 25. Bearing face of sear nose should be level. (3) Triggers of early manufacture had a 4° or 8° angle on the forward face of the pedestal which was conducive to trigger hang. and rear of trigger with housing when fully retracted. g. Check bearing surface on lower side of rear end of sear nose for wear and burs. Hammer spring — early and present manufacture. f. Check forward end of trigger which engages with safety. Check trigger spring notch for burs and foreign matter. TRIGGER. (2) Check top of pedestal where sear seats when hammer is cocked. Hammer nose of sear is slightly rounded and chamfered on lower edge. Check pinhole for excessive wear. and burs. Check trigger spring for deformation and rust. Check seating of spring in seating notch in trigger. TRIGGER SPRING. SEAR. Sears 46 . Sear should rotate freely about pin and have backward and forward movement due to elongated pinhole but should have no vertical play. for levelness. Check sear spring seating recess in sear for foreign matter. Pin should fit snugly with a push fit. (1) Inspect trigger for movement on trigger pin and pin for seating in trigger housing. and positive retention of spring in housing aperture. Inspect clearance of trigger tip with bow. in bousing. Bow end of spring should seat level in bottom of seating notch in trigger and rear coiled section should be held firmly in housing aperture by the force of spring tension. Trigger should rotate freely on pin but have no shake.
.. h. Check safety spring plunger for wear and check plunger spring for functioning.... Free length of spring is 0... and check spring plunger recess and trigger slot for burs and foreign matter. deformation.........4 lb i......... left and right.. Load at operating heigh.... and set.. 47 .......422 in......... Sears — serviceable and unserviceable....478 in.... Test safety for positive positioning.....15 Mean assembled height......... A377984 Number coils................................................... Check sear spring for positive seating in trigger and sear.3.............1 ±0...... Load at mean assembled height..... SEAR SPRING.... Safety and magazine catch are both retained in the trigger housing by the safety spring...........3 lb Operating height.............) When excessive trigger pull exists it may be caused by the use of an old type sear.......................... (See fig....... and set... SAFETY.... Free length of spring is 0...........of current manufacture are identified by a hole drilled to the rear of the sear pinhole............... Check body for burs and rust............. Sears that have been gauged to specified dimensions are identified by a grinding tool mark....2 +0..................................625 inch....... the safety plunger Figure 26.. and for functioning... 26.....4...... Check magazine catch retainer plunger for wear and burs.60 (approximately 5/8) inch........................ Replace old sear with one of current manufacture.............. Sear Spring (Present Manufacture).... rust.
This is the catch t h a t protrudes outward farther than the old design. MAGAZINE CATCH. Last coil on both ends of spring is spread slightly to retain spring in plungers when assembled. Ml.is assembled to one end of the spring and the magazine catch retainer plunger to the other end. and M3. deformation. Test function of magazine catch. Cal. cal. Check catch for free movement in guidway. j. which is to be discarded.) Check magazine catch spring plunger for retention on spring. DISCONNECTOR. Old and new type of magazine catch — carbines. Special points to observe pertaining to the conversion components are as follows: a. . and check spring for functioning. new type magazine catch 7160470. M1A1. I t should return to position when pressed and released. 48 . assemblies (B7160472) should be used. When assembled. which is currently supplied with the carbine M2. Free length of spring is 0. and set. . worn or burred retainer plunger recess. and magazine catch retainer plunger with safety plunger. deformation. which has a letter " M " stamped on the thumb piece as an identifying feature. Its identifying features are an underlined " M " stamped on the thumb piece and a supporting tang. It can be readily identified by the letter " M " on the right-hand side.30.30. and M3 Inspection of the carbine M2 is in general the same as for the standard Ml carbine. M 2 . (See fig. and M1A3. Magazine catch (B7160470). and worn or burred magazine retention lugs. wear.813 (approximately 7 / 8 ) inch. See that bearing slot in front end of discon- Figure 27. Inspection — Carbine. 27. 32. Illustrated in figure 27 are: old type magazine catch B200975. thereby providing greater engagement between the catch and the nibs on the back of the magazine. and burs. M1A1. last coil of spring is contracted slightly and fits into groove in shank of plunger for retention. This can also be used on the carbines M l . and new type magazine catch 7161842. M2.
or otherwise unserviceable parts. Expanded end of coil of spring should seat in plunger for retention. See that selector spring is bent in only one plane (not twisted). and instructions contained in future Technical Bulletins must be followed.nector is free from foreign matter and burs. d. and is lightly lubricated. 5) are not interchangeable with those of the M l and M l A l . HAMMER FAILS TO COCK. Replace all broken. See that projection on left end of catch is neither bent nor burred. See that pivot hole is not enlarged. worn. See that disconnector spring is not weak. Offset in rear section is for alignment with disconnector and should not be straightened. Examine trigger housing and selector pin to see that pivot on crank end is free from burs and not worn. (See fig. See that spring recess in rear end is free from foreign matter and will retain spring securely. DISCONNECTOR LEVER ASSEMBLY. or broken. that spring well is free of foreign matter. 33. retain selector firmly. or failure of bolt to move far enough to the rear on recoil movement to cock hammer. check to see that straddle cuts in straight end of pin are free from burs. burs or foreign matter in sear notch in hammer. b. 27. Magazine catch must have this identification mark " M " . SEAR. Be sure toe (front end) of lever bears squarely on cam on operating slide and is (slide retracted) under raised boss when lever is fully seated in the housing. Check rear end of disconnector for burs and wear. MAGAZINE CATCH. Remove burs and rust as explained in paragraphs 23 and 24. and both ends seat securely in their retention recesses. Maintenance and Repair a. Inspect milled cut on lower right side of hammer. Inspect top front portion (camming surface for disconnector) for burs and wear. Note that M2 components (fig. e. g. and that plunger is free of burs. which allows clearance for disconnector. and are not worn so it will cause lost motion. SELECTOR G R O U P . If the pin is rotated by the selector permitting inadequate positioning of lever in full automatic fire. See that crank pin slot is not worn so it will cause lost motion or impair security.) f. Weapons must have the current applicable modifications. Rear end should not bind in cam of disconnector when assembled. 49 . not twisted or loose on pivot and that ends are free from burs and wear. clean and replace if necessary. If spring is loose when assembled. See that selector spring retention slot in left side of magazine post is free from foreign matter and seats spring securely. broken sear spring. b. Keep pivots lightly lubricated. See that lever is straight. c. straighten slightly. rusted. so it will not turn when assembled. Examine parts. for burs and wear. This condition may be due to damaged sear. HAMMER. TRIGGER HOUSING. GENERAL. Lubricate plunger occasionally.
(3) Uneven surface of hammer notch or worn nose of sear may also cause a light pull. but sufficient retention should remain to hold the safety positively in either the SAFE or F I R E position. 34. Stone surface to a polish only. using a fine grained sharpening stone. and uneven surface leveled with a fine grained sharpening stone. remove foreign matter or stone burred surfaces to a polish. the edges of the ridge may be stoned down sufficiently to allow the plunger to cam over. e. STONING N O S E OF SEAR. Stoning should be done only by trained ordnance personnel. CORRECTING TRIGGER P U L L . being careful to maintain angles and sharp corners of faces stoned. parts should be replaced by selective assembly. If edges of this ridge are too sharp or steep the plunger will not cam over it when the safety is shifted. being careful to maintain angle of face. (2) A light pull may also be due to a weak or broken sear spring which will not seat the sear fully in the hammer notch before the pressure from hammer spring is applied to the nose of sear through the hammer. and sharp edges. on the nose of the sear. To correct. Caution: Do not peen or squeeze in the lugs on the receiver as they are hardened. d. angle.c. or in the elongated pivot hole in the sear. TRIGGER HOUSING LOOSE ON RECEIVER. preventing proper seating of nose of sear in notch. Stoning should be done only by trained ordnance personnel. then file to fit. peen lightly to spread lug. If such a safety is not procurable. taking care to maintain surfaces. (1) If T-shaped lug on rear end of trigger housing becomes worn so it becomes a loose fit in retaining L-shaped lugs on rear end of receiver. If possible. Functional Check a. Any attempt at tightening should be done by peening of trigger housing lugs when necessary. Correct by removing foreign matter or replace sear spring. (1) A light or heavy trigger pull may be caused by foreign matter or burs in the sear notch in the hammer. the burs may be removed in an emergency. (2) The forward lugs of trigger housing may be similarly treated to attain close fit. 50 Cock hammer and check seating and positive retention to limit . the safety spring plunger is burred or missing or the plunger seats in the safety are burred or too deep. Such burs or foreign matter will prevent nose of the sear from seating fully in hammer notch. In safeties of recent design this ridge is sloped and cut straight through. SAFETY STICKS. f. Replace badly burred or damaged parts. In safeties of early design there are two seating recesses separated by a ridge of metal. If the safety sticks when pushed to right or left. Correct by stoning surfaces evenly. If sear nose or hammer notch becomes burred or unevenly worn. on the top of rear end lip of trigger where the rear end of sear rests.
Trigger pull should he from 5 to 7 pounds. Sear should continue to contact hammer throughout movement. the safety plunger or plunger spring may be damaged.) 51 . the sear should rest upon or above top of rear pedestal of trigger. Magazine catch must be of the latest design (See fig. Push magazine catch to left and release. When safety is positioned to right. Pull trigger. the left face of the safety should be flush with trigger housing. plunger missing. If this is not the case. sear should release hammer crisply. and when pushed to left. Continue to retract hammer of rearward movement and observe forward movement of sear to maintain retention. b. Push safety all the way to right and attempt to pull trigger. Trigger should be free and full retraction possible to release the hammer. or plunger seat burred. or safety sticks. When trigger is in forward position and hammer cocked. 27. Push safety all the way to left and pull trigger. It should move positively to forward position under force of trigger spring and be held there firmly and without shake even when sear is not assembled.of sear nose in hammer notch. Release trigger. Catch should return positively and smoothly to its original position. c . In this position trigger should be blocked and retraction impossible. the right face should be flush.
29) for bent or cracked rear bar. 28) for wear and burs.) Figure 28. and corrosion. Ml and M1A1. springs. burs. looseness in operating slide. Free length of spring (A7312453) is 0. and retaining pins with slide stops and springs of late manufacture. cal. and foreign matter. Inspect stop spring for functioning. Inspect front face of slide where it contacts piston. and rust. Inspect bolt camming lug recess for wear and burs. for levelness. lack of friction with stop. excessively worn guide lugs. Check camming surface on M2 and M3 carbines for burs and wear (fig. deformation. Inspect stop (fig. Inspect spring guide seating recess in rear face for wear. 52 . Operating slide group carbines. 29) on right-hand side of slide. 29. burs. (See fig. where shank of handle joins slide. OPERATING SLIDE (fig. . OPERATING SLIDE STOP. Inspect spring for foreign matter.30.270 (approximately 1 / 4 ) inch. Inspection a.SECTION VI OPERATING SLIDE ASSEMBLY 35. b. Uneveness at this point may cause malfunction. and for set. Replace all slide stops.
Inspect operating slide spring guide for deformation. rust. and rust. The lug should not be bent or burred. Free length of spring is 10. e. c. Nose of guide should be free from burs to insure positive seating in its recess in rear face of operating slide. and the rear slot mates with a small projecting lug in the rear end of the housing tube bed groove in the receiver.Figure 29. (See d below.) d. insert in housing. or in well in receiver ("altern a t e " design receiver). Shank of guide should be straight. rust. This lug seats in the operating slide dismounting slot in the receiver (limited design). worn or burred nose. Operating slide assembly — early and present manufacture. OPERATING SLIDE SPRING G U I D E . and the edges of slot should be clean. replace the tube with a new one. splits. If lug is damaged or missing. Some tubes have a pressed out lug on the side and a slot in the rear. With spring assembled to guide. and set. Inspect operating slide spring for kinks. First coil of rear end of spring (early design) is spread slightly to retain spring in well or housing tube of receiver.28 (approximately 10 1 / 4 ) inches. Inspect inside and outside of operating slide spring housing for dents. SLIDE SPRING HOUSING. burs. 53 . OPERATING SLIDE SPRING. Inspect spring retainer for looseness in tube and positioning lug on retainer for burs and wear. and hand operate to test freedom of movement in housing tube. and foreign matter.
. rear bar is bent or guide lugs are excessively worn................ 121 Mean assembled height.8. Friction pressure of stop spring should be sufficient to hold stop positively in retracted position notwithstanding jar of bolt at end of rearward movement............. Maintenance and Repair If retainer in rear end of operating slide spring housing tube becomes loose tighten it by crimping tube in with a cold chisel...... and operating slide rear guide lug for retention with guideway in receiver...... Load at mean assembled height. Test function of operating slide stop. With operating slide assembled to carbine barrel........... When bolt is fully retracted and stop pressed into its retaining groove....... Number of coils... a slight pull out and up should disengage slide from receiver.. replace the housing assembly.5..25 lb Operating height.. until barrel guide lugs on slide are aligned with relief cuts in barrel guideways and slide is rotated....715 in.8 ± ........ it should positively "hang" slide and bolt in that position.. Inspect slide for excessive looseness in guideways of barrel and receiver........... but not from bolt cam lug...2. b. the stop and/or retaining groove are worn or stop friction spring is missing... manually operate slide and check for smoothness of operation of bolt and slide... At this point. Functional Check a ................ 37.. It should not be possible to disengage slide from guideway except when rear guide lug is aligned with relief cut in guideway in receiver....... and bolt. and without slide spring and guide assembled......... (Stops of early design were spring retracted when slide was moved slightly to rear to relieve friction between stop and face of notch in receiver......... Stop should be cammed out of groove and lie flush with bottom surface of slide when bolt is retracted.......... or set..8........758 in................. Inspect bolt camming recess for retention with bolt cam lug............. If slide can be disengaged otherwise................. receiver...................... without undue force....................... If too loose to be easily tightened... This should not be possible.. If bolt closes when receiver is jarred..6 ± 1 lb 36.f.......... broken....... Load at operating height..... CHECK OPERATING SLIDE SPRING...........) 54 .....................
Inspect rear (hammer) camming surface and firing pin tang slot for wear and burs. or the extractor retaining lip.SECTION VII BOLT GROUP 38. Disassembly (fig. 3 9 . Check face of bolt for excessive wear and enlarged firing pin- Figure 30. 31. Any effort to "punch out" the extractor will shear off the extractor plunger. and burs. excessive wear. Bolt — disassembled. depress the plunger with a suitable instrument before removing the extractor. 55 . 30). Note. making it possible to remove the extractor. Assemble bolt disassembling tool (41-T-3019-625) to bolt.) Turn thumbscrew until extractor plunger is depressed. Remove tool and disassemble bolt. (See fig. Inspection Inspect locking lugs of bolt for cracks.
Check forward lower (feeding) face of bolt for wear and burs. These components must be used on M2 carbines and may be used in the Ml and M1A1 models.30.Figure 31. Check pinhole and pin housing tunnel for foreign matter and corrosion. 32) with the compound bevel on the upper left rear portion of the tang. . Disassembling bolt — carbines. M2 and M3. Carbines M2 and M3 are equipped with the full round bolts and firing pins (fig. hole. Note. 56 . Bolt and firing pin — early and present manufacture. cal. Figure 32.
as it is likely to cause obstruction to feeding. take care to properly position plunger so that flat surface of plunger matches the flat surface on the extractor retaining lip. 57 . fit of tang in slot. nose of firing pin should protrude 0. Check freedom of movement of firing pin in bolt. b . Test bolt for freedom of movement in its guideways in receiver. it should be flush with face of bolt. Figure 33. 33. Gaging firing pin protrusion. In assembling the bolt. When ejector is depressed. A free ejector should not extend beyond the front lip of bolt. Fifth echelon organizations inspect firing pin protrusion with firing pin protrusion gauge (41-G-194-125). Firing pin should move freely in bolt.) Before proof or functional firing. 4 1 .40. (See fig.065 inch. Note. Assembling Assemble bolt in reverse order of disassembly. and protrusion of nose of pin from face of bolt when in forward position.048 to 0. Test functioning of extractor and ejector. Functional Check a .
as the body of the front sight is crimped over both ends of the front sight pin. using a 3 / 32 -inch drift. Check wings for deformation. Removing front sight. (See fig. Disassembly a . Figure 34. (2) Position front sight removing tool (4l-T-3318-500) over front sight. Check sight for rust and shine. hooking it on the rear of the sight. 4 3 . using a tapered punch.) (3) Enter pilot of screw into end of barrel and remove front sight by turning handle of tool. 34. and front sight key is staked at the rear end in its keyway in the barrel. 58 .SECTION VIII FRONT SIGHT ASSEMBLY 42. then drive pin out. b. Inspection Inspect blade for alignment. Do not remove front sight unless necessary. Remove the front sight as follows: (1) Break sight pin loose.
The key must fit tightly in keyway.) Place front sight key in keyway in top of barrel at muzzle with pin notch facing up. in an emergency. If the key has side movement. 36) until pinhole in sight is in alignment with pin notch in key. peen in the keyway lightly. Slide front sight on barrel with sloping faces of wings to rear. Aligning front sight using tool (41-T-3017-625). The key can be tightened by tapping it forward against the front end of the keyway and then staking the rear end of the keyway firmly against the rear end of the key. tap sight forward after pin is inserted.Figure 35. 44. Install front sight pin and stake metal of sight over both ends of pin to hold in position. Maintenance and Repair Looseness of the front sight on the barrel is usually caused by a loose key which is improperly staked. Note. 59 . Tap key snugly toward front end of keyway and stake rear end of keyway securely against key to hold key in position. To assure this. Assembly (The front band must be assembled on the barrel before the front sight is assembled. 45. 35) and drive sight on barrel (fig. Using front sight assembling tool (4l-T-3017-625) mate keyway and key in barrel (fig. replace the key or. and restake keyway in rear of key.
Installing front sight. 60 .Figure 36.
The letter " S " is stamped on the left face of the base to denote small end of taper. and tighten left-hand jack screw. (2) Place assembling tool on the receiver with the right-hand jack screw retracted to the extreme position and out of the way. and the operation of both sights are identical. Drift the old sight out of dovetail slot from left to right. To remove the L-type rear sight assembly used on carbines of early manufacture. the sight can be set at 150-yard or 300-yard range. When pressure becomes excessive. Place rear sight aligning gauge over L-type sight and make a scribe mark on rear of receiver (fig. composed of two integral leaves set at right angles to each other. The adjustable rear sights (D73955) and (D7160060) differ only in method of manufacture. c. On stamped type sights the spacer must be used to prevent distortion of sight base wings. tap connector with a brass hammer and take up slack until sight is removed. All carbines of future manufacture will be equipped with the adjustable rear sight (D73955) or (D7160060) (fig. On carbines of recent manufacture the base is staked in place). Note. ADJUSTABLE R E A R SIGHT. The range and windage settings. 6). GENERAL. 38. for use as an alignment mark for installing new sight. 37).SECTION IX REAR SIGHT ASSEMBLY 46. Disassembly a. using a brass drift. Carbines of early manufacture were equipped with an L-type rear sight. By rotating the leaves on the leaf pin. put connector in place in dovetail guide. (See fig. 61 . and all L-type sights on carbines of early manufacture will be replaced by the adjustable type sight. (Dovetail tapers to left. The sight (D73955) is a machined type. clamp rear end of receiver in a jaw protected vise. b. but it has no windage adjustment. and the sight (D7160060) is a stamped type.) (3) Remove sight by placing guide of assembling tool against the side of the sight. L-TYPE R E A R SIGHT. (1) Make a scribe mark on the receiver directly opposite long line on index plate for proper alignment in assembly.
Figure 37. 62 . Figure 38. Removing rear sight. Scribing mark for replacement of rear sight.
There should be perceptible lateral movement of the knob. Check notches for foreign matter. Inspection a. burred. the threads of the windage screw. Maintenance and Repair As the adjustable rear sight is expendable and replaceable as an assembly. Check machined type sight for loose or missing index plate and screw. no replacement spare parts are furnished for field repair. which will clog the sight and cause excessive wear. Check peep hole for shine and foreign matter. Check windage screw for wear of threads. Move aperture slide up and down full length of ramp. Excess oil will collect foreign matter. but since its use produces shine. Check index plate for security and setting. and check windage screw knob for worn knurling. b. due to pressure and index spring action. press windage screw knob to left and release. There should be practically no lateral movement. the index balls. and at the rear (top) by the protrusion of the ramp guide plunger into the left guideway of the ramp.005 inch. c. d. it indicates worn threads on either windage screw. The sight should be kept clean and lightly oiled to prevent rusting and insure proper operation. Such oiling is best done with the dropper of the oiler. Slide should move freely and be positively retained at each sight setting by the index ball. clearance between inner face of knob and sight base should not exceed 0. burs. Check ramp for worn or burred guideways and index ball retention notches in floor. Wipe off excess oil. 48. Press rear end of ramp down and release to check spring action of ramp guide plunger. b. Check sight base for looseness. or a broom straw dipped in oil. or both. move ramp and aperture slide in order to clean thoroughly under them. There should be no undue looseness of the aperture slide in the ramp guideways. ramp. and bent. to test spring action of index ball on knob. If movement is present. and ramp 63 . apply a light film of oil to all exposed metal surfaces to prevent rusting. a. When released. security and staking. The slide should be stopped at the front (lower) end of the ramp by stakes in guideways. The sight is cleaned best with a small brush and clean cloths. exercise caution. A small drop of oil on index balls and ramp guide plunger will lubricate and preserve these parts and their component springs. OILING. Remove light rust with light oil. Note. or shiny wings. When cleaning the carbine.47. When cleaning. With ramp centered in sight base. With ramp centered in sight base. CLEANING. attempt to move lower end of ramp from side to side. Use crocus cloth for removal of heavy rust. Immediately after cleaning. apply a small drop of oil to the aperture slide guideways in the ramp.
perform staking free-handed as outlined above. For temperatures below 0° F.) d. place spacer attached to assembling tool in place for reinforcing the side wings of sight. Press new rear sight into right side of dovetail by hand. or light) above 0° F. 49. Place assembling tool on receiver with lip of assembling tool engaging operating slide guideway in receiver. If necessary to restake at other than the previous points of staking.guide plunger. 39. If sight has been staked properly. file new indents in sight base and stake receiver opposite the new indents. use only preservative lubricating oil (special). LOOSE SIGHT BASE. Use preservative lubricating oil (special. If base has shifted.. c. If staking fixture does not line up with indents in sight base. it should be realigned and restaked. 64 . c . tighten it by restaking the receiver into either of the two notches in the dovetail base of the sight. If the sight base becomes loose in the receiver. Center the aperture ramp on the sight base. Make certain that points of staking are 1 / 16 inch from edges of dovetail slot and directly opposite the indents. If stamped type sight is being placed on receiver. Rear sight assembling tool with spacer. it can be restaked in the same place. (See fig. Figure 39. Assembling a . b.
40. (1) Be sure reading on torque wrench is over 18 inch-pounds. Place staking fixture in place as follows: (1) When staking machine type sight. Proceed as outlined in v or w below. If points of staking are not directly opposite indents. due to starting torque in moving jack screw. Continue operation in paragraph 49 above until zero line of index plate is aligned with scribe mark on rear of receiver. Place staking punch in hole in fixture and rap lightly with hammer. Rear sight showing staking. (2) Be sure reading on torque wrench is under 54 inch-pounds. Tighten jack screw by hand until block of jack screw is against the side of sight. Using torque wrench. Metal should flow into indents in sight dovetail. have center leg of fixture firmly against windage screw. Screw ramp of sight to extreme left. i. h.) Figure 40. Move assembling tool to rear until dovetail guide on tool will enter dovetail slot in receiver. l. Insert torque wrench in jack screw. m. 65 . put spacer in place and remove sight. Remove the tool from the receiver. (2) When staking stamped type sight. (See fig. f . holding punch to rear to be sure fixture is in proper position. Points of staking are indicated by notches or indents on sight base dovetail. perform staking operation as outlined in step (2) below. have fixture firmly against forward edge of sight base wings.e. j. k. g. Stake only adjacent these notches. as reading taken when starting the wrench will be high. (3) If outside the above limits. Note. move the sight into the dovetail slot. Caution: Reading on torque wrench should be taken during movement of the wrench.
o. t. the receiver of the carbine will crack or break. Never apply pressure to sight base wings. Keep screws on assembling tool well oiled. p. Move this zeroing plate with a small drift to prevent damage to any of the components of the sight and weapon. A few of the problems to be expected and their suggested remedies are listed in the following subparagraphs. (2) Horizontal misalignment of indents on sight base dovetail with references to holes in staking fixture. as prescribed and as indicated on the torque wrench. the sights will work loose under the shock of firing. In this case. as the dovetail base of the sight is hardened as well as the dovetail slot in the receiver. Care in staking of the rear sight should be vigorously emphasized. The upper sharp edges of the dovetail slot on the carbine are easily sheared and such a shearing action will ultimately result in an unserviceable weapon. n. Remedy: Using the staking fixtures as a guide or template. Sometimes sufficient material is not available on the receiver to permit an adequate staking job. the pro66 . Sight base wings provide bearings for windage screw and any distortion will ruin sight. Study carefully and follow the illustration regarding the proper type of staking operation. Resharpen staking punches to 90° to 120° sharp points. Take care. On some of these sights the screw is staked in such a manner as to prevent its removal. be rigidly maintained. The zeroing plate on the stamped type sight is directly below the ramp and in the center rear portion of the sight base. Exercise great care during the procedure outlined in h above. to loosen the screw only enough to permit movement of the index plate. q. If sights when received are packed in light oil. as improper staking will render it impossible to fit a new rear sight on the carbine at a future date should the sight be damaged and in need of replacement. it is necessary that the load limits. Because of this hardening of both of the mating parts. If sights are packed in heavy oil. do not vapor degrease. do not degrease. On the machined type adjustable rear sight the index plate is held in place by a small screw.(1) The staking operation is extremely critical and the success of such an operation will depend largely upon the individual skill and judgment of the operator. Many problems will arise which will have to be solved by individuals performing the modification. s . Note. If too great a pressure is exerted in the placement of the sight. r . If the indents are slightly out of horizontal alignment they may be corrected by enlarging the indents very slightly with a small three-square file. check alignment of indents. when zeroing the rifle by a movement of the index plate. degrease only with dry cleaning solvent. and if too light a pressure is exerted. u. This is particularly true when the sight is moved to one of its extreme positions.
67 . where less than 18 pounds pressure is required indent the area in front of the dovetail slot. and under no circumstances should the receiver be filed.cedure outlined in m above should be followed and new indents made to permit adequate staking. Peening receiver to reduce oversize dovetail dot. w. Undertake this operation with extreme caution. placing the drift in the location shown in figure 41. Do not attempt to file the edges of the sight base. v. In such cases. A blow only hard enough to cause a flow of metal into the dovetail slot is necessary. and rapping the drift with a hammer. When the sight requires more than 54 inch-pounds pressure to assemble it to the receiver. Figure 41. remove the sight assembly and file the bottom of the sight base as shown in figure 42. This can best be done by using a large steel drift. Sometimes a dovetail slot in the receiver may be too big to receive any sights available.
Filing rear sight base to fit undersize dovetail slot.Figure 42. 68 .
SECTION X BARREL A N D RECEIVER GROUP 50. REMOVING BARREL FROM RECEIVER. Figure 44. 45) to be positioned over front of receiver. 44) or early style wrench (41-W-1998-750) (fig. 70 . Allow enough of the rear end of the barrel to project from the vise to permit the receiver wrench (41-W-l998-765) (fig. Place barrel in jaw protected vise. Disassembly (fig. Removing barrel from receiver. 43). a. Completely disassemble all components from barrel and receiver. D O not remove the barrel from the receiver except for replacement of a new barrel. Place wrench over receiver near barrel and unscrew counterlcockwise.
REMOVING GAS PISTON AND PISTON N U T . (2) The gas cylinder may be integral with the barrel. or swaged on the barrel at manufacture. using the gas piston nut removing tool M5. gas cylinder should be centrally located with regard to lower face of re71 . 46. send weapon to base shop for replacement of barrel assembly. tap cylinder lightly with wooden block. and slide piston out of gas cylinder. Remove nut. proceed as explained in par. with draw marks aligned. (If piston nut or piston is tight. 5 1 . If gas cylinder is unserviceable. (1) The gas piston and piston nut are the only removable parts of the gas cylinder group. Screw barrel into receiver tightly. Check assembly of barrel to receiver. b. 52a. or gas piston holder and spanner wrench. In this position. GENERAL. (See fig. Inspection a. unscrew the piston nut from gas cylinder. To remove piston.Figure 45.) Be careful not to bur or twist prongs on nut when removing (nut is staked in place) or piston will not move freely. Removing or replacing barrel. Do not remove the gas cylinder. elevate muzzle of barrel. clamp barrel firmly in a vise with protected jaws and. If piston will not slide out.
deformation. and carbon. ceiver. and extractor should not bind when bolt is assembled to weapon and operated. Inspect piston nut threads for wear and burs. Inspect piston aperture for burs. as explained in paragraph 52c. (1) Inspect gas cylinder for looseness (swaged on type). using a 0. Piston should be an easy fit in aperture and extend.070-inch drill inserted by hand. GAS CYLINDER. carbon. Check for parallelism between barrel and receiver. operating slide guideways symmetrically located with regard to centerline of receiver. If extractor binds when barrel is in proper alignment. a damaged extractor is indicated. burs. Inspect gas port for foreign matter. 0.175 (approximately 11/64) inch from the rear face of the nut. (2) Inspect piston for wear. when in the rearward position. burs. piston should clear nut approximately 72 . piston wear. and rust. b. Inspect threads and turning lugs for wear and burs. Removing piston nut from gas cylinder.Figure 46. (3) Inspect piston nut for loose fit in gas cylinder. In forward position.
(c) If the barrel is not bent or otherwise deformed. (1) General inspection. If no barrel reflector is available. 19). and the lands are sharp and uniformly distinct. place piece of white paper or rag in receiver and hold barrel so that light is reflected into chamber and bore. Inspect gas port for foreign matter. Inspect barrel for deformation. it is serviceable. burs. (2) Inspection for serviceability. Muzzle end of barrel showing counterbore. BARREL. and foreign matter. Inspect barrel for general appearance and serviceability. and burs. ( b ) Place barrel reflector in the chamber and examine the bore from the muzzle and breech. and inspect extractor cut in rear face for burs and foreign matter. Accuracy is reduced in varying degrees by the following defects: bulges. and for rust. the gas cylinder should be staked very lightly into the nut in one of the three places provided. the bore appears free from bulges and pits. 1 Figure 47. erosion. Inspect operating slide guideways for excessive wear. and pits (see fig./ 32 inch. Burred or damaged muzzle end causes inaccuracy. 73 . corrosion. Before a barrel is inspected for serviceability. alignment with receiver. When assembled. c. and inspectors are guided by this requirement. (a) Inspection of barrel for serviceability is based principally upon accuracy. fouling and oil should be removed and the bore wiped dry. or nut may work loose during firing of the carbine.
Chamber end of barrel showing old and new type skirts. Breech end of barrel showing new type skirt.Figure 48. 74 . Figure 49.
improper cleaning is indicated. In barrels of early manufacture. When looking into the breech end of the gun ahead of the bullet ramp. (2) Inspect bolt guideway and locking shoulders for wear. (f) If the barrel is pitted to such an extent that the sharpness of the lands is affected. the last quarter inch of the bore at the muzzle end of the barrel has been counterbored. and foreign matter. and may often be noticed through a bulge or raised ring on the barrel surface. (h) If the bore at the muzzle is enlarged. this skirt was extended around approximately two-thirds of the chamber end of the barrel and was thickened somewhat in its center section. RECEIVER. and operating slide removal cut for wear and burs.) This is a normal condition. This counterbore should not be confused with an enlarged bore at the muzzle end. (g) During the inspection of the bore from the breech. (See fig. nicks. (3) Inspect operating slide guideway on right side for wear. If receiver is disassembled from barrel. and foreign matter. burs. 49. Such wear is usually due to rubbing of the cleaning rod in the muzzle when carelessly used. Note. or if it has a pit or pits in the lands or grooves large enough to permit the passage of gas past the bullet (a pit the width of a land or groove and 3/8-inch long or longer).(d) If the bore contains small pits but has sharp and uniform distinct lands. and looseness with recoil plate when assembled to stock. In some weapons however. As the thin section of the skirt served no useful purpose it was eliminated and only the thickened portion remained. (e) If the barrel contains a bulge. Inspect operating slide stop detent aperture for wear. give special attention to the chamber. Barrels with chambers having pits large enough to cause cartridges to stick are unserviceable. burs. burs. cracks. and burs. and with a clean edge to facilitate retention of stop. it is serviceable. it is too inaccurate for serviceability and should be scrapped. Forward surface of aperture should be at a sharp right angle to receiver. inspect for worn or crossed threads in barrel aperture. deformation. 48) on the chamber end. and is not otherwise deformed. ( i ) Barrels of current manufacture have been modified by the elimination of a portion of the skirt (fig. and foreign matter. This counterbore improves the accuracy of the carbine. This condition indicates that proper care of the barrel has not been taken. it is unserviceable. and is intended to eliminate tool marks. and burs in the muzzle end of the barrel. is free from bulges. Pits will cause hard extraction and may cause the cartridge case to stick in the chamber sufficiently to cause failure to extract. and 75 . burs. 50) for wear. Inspect receiver retaining lug on rear end (fig. rust. d. the thread of the receiver can be seen. (1) Inspect receiver for looseness with barrel. This condition is indicated by a shadowy depression or dark ring in the bore.
If nut does not loosen readily. and hot gas entering the gas cylinder. using a forward and backward movement. Check both spring housing retainer hole in rear end of bed groove and spring housing alignment protrusion for burs. polish and oil lightly. making removal difficult. 1 T 2 . clean gas cylinder and piston thoroughly. CARBON AND R U S T . exercising care to hold the tool in close engagement with the nut when turning. If nut will not loosen as above. (Fee fig. A small prick punch or needlenosed pliers can be used through the outside gas port hole in cylinder. FROZEN PISTON N U T OR PISTON. Due to heat of barrel. Maintenance and Repair a. excessive carbonization of cylinder and piston is unlikely. Chase threads of the gas cylinder. 51. Exercise care to stop tap as soon as it touches bottom to prevent damaging tap or cylinder.rear face smooth and sloping to facilitate camming. using cylinder holder and spanner wrench (41-H-2373) (fig. If tool is held loosely and thus allowed to slip out of engagement repeatedly. (4) Inspect operating slide spring housing groove or spring well ("alternate" design receiver) for rust and foreign matter. clamp gas cylinder in a jaw-protected vise so that cylinder is firmly held with the piston nut pointing up. If piston becomes "frozen" in the gas cylinder due to carbon or rust. soak with preservative lubricating oil (light) for about an hour and then work out of cylinder. Re sure to stake gas cylinder lightly into one of the notches in the nut when reassembling. Oil can be dropped through gas port drill hole in gas cylinder. the piston nut may become "frozen" in the gas cylinder. (2) Chasing gas cylinder threads. Because of the rearward position of the gas port and high gas pressure encountered there. these parts 77 . 46). However. the lugs on the nut or tool will become worn and make removal difficult.3 2 N S 3 (41-T-336-900). b. 52. using gas cylinder tap. (5) Inspect Ml and M2 receivers for run-out (drill breaking through to the bottom and right-hand side of the receiver). and reassemble. (3) Piston. All such cleaning operations must take place at a point well behind the right locking lug surface (break-through closer than 3 inches from the front of the receiver is not permitted). Cut threads a little at a time. Inspect firing pin mating cut in bridge of receiver for burs. Receivers have been accepted in which this run-out occurred if the break-through was properly cleaned by a 1 / 8 to 3 / 16 inch diameter end milling operation to eliminate all feather edges. Remove tap and thoroughly clean chamber. (1) Carbon. Then unscrew nut counterclockwise. and rear inside face of receiver for foreign matter. When removed. (1) Piston nut. soak with preservative lubricating oil (light) for about an hour to loosen binding.) Dip tap in a suitable cutting oil and start tap carefully in gas cylinder.
should be cleaned at intervals. Be sure to stake piston nut lightly in place when assembling. and like unexposed recesses and faces. inside faces of operating slide. and gas port in barrel inspected and cleaned if necessary.Figure 51. but exercise care to avoid scratching surfaces. clean inside of cylinder and piston. Such points are: under side of barrel. When carbon has been removed. Chasing gas cylinder thread. Take care not to scratch parts unnecessarily. After rust is removed. receiver locking lug recess in recoil plate. oil very lightly. Rust is more likely to form on surfaces not regularly lubricated. Clean gas port with an 0. Remove rust with a rag saturated with rifle bore cleaner or light. body of oiler beneath sling. dry cloth and then with clean cloth 78 . operating slide spring. preservative lubricating oil (special) or by using crocus cloth. well in receiver ("alternate" design receiver) or spring housing tube. (2) Rust. and replace.070-inch or smaller drill inserted by hand. recesses in trigger housing. or with piece of soft wire or similar instrument. rear sight base. or where barrel heat dissipates oil film rapidly. wipe surface with clean. Remove piston nut and piston from gas cylinder and scrape excess carbon off with flat blade. or when fouling or sticking of piston is evident.
and unscrew the receiver counterclockwise. about 10 inches long. Be sure rear end of tube is clean. 44). draw up receiver until draw line on receiver (fig. 52) coincides with line on barrel. (3) Select proper barrel and receiver combination so about 1/16-inch draw is obtained when assembled. check the headspace as shown in figure 54. d. (2) Clamp the barrel in the vise as shown.lightly saturated with preservative lubricating oil (special). When the two bars lie parallel. If after rebarreling. there is insufficient headspace indicated by the bolt failing to close on the 1. Flat surfaces on bottom of barrel and receiver must be parallel. the chamber must Figure 52. Note. CHECKING CHAMBER FOR P R O P E R HEADSPACE. Note. (See fig. or if the headspace is excessive. Check this by placing two bars. The old wrench (41-W-1998-750) is to be used until stock is exhausted. 79 . (1) Replace barrel if it is bent or damaged. apply special wrench (41-W-1998-765) to receiver close to the barrel. the barrel and receiver are in exact alignment for proper functioning. Screw the receiver on the barrel with special wrench (41-W-1998-765). REPLACING UNSERVICEABLE BARREL. in position as illustrated in figure 53. Assembling barrel to receiver. The operating slide spring housing (or tube) may be cleaned with the carbine cleaning rod and small patch.290 headspace gauge (41-G-199-175). and sight over the edges. c. After installing barrel on receiver.
use a maximum bolt and try the gauge again. be reamed with carbine reamer (41-R-488-125).Figure 53. (2) Wash chips from reamer with lard oil after removing from chamber. it indicates too much headspace. the receiver is not usable. (See fig. Checking barrel and receiver alignment. In this case.290-inch headspace gauge (41-G-199-175). 80 . The bolt should not closes on the 1. Assembling Refer to paragraph 52c. (4) If bolt closes properly on the GO gauge (1. the NO GO gauge 1.300 gauge. 55. proceed in the following manner: (1) Dip reamer in lard oil and place in chamber through top opening of receiver.290). (3) Handle reamer with care to prevent it from being chipped or nicked. as this tends to dull the cutting edges. remove only sufficient metal to permit bolt to close on 1.300 (41-G-199-200) is then inserted.) Turning handle slowly to the right. If bolt does lock completely. 53. Never turn reamer backwards in chamber. To correct insufficient headspace. If this bolt also locks completely.
Figure 54. 81 . Checking headspace.
82 .Figure 55. Reaming chamber for headspace.
54. Disassembly a. FRONT BAND LOCKING SPRING. Insert small, straight punch in spring spindle hole in left side of forward end of stock and drive out front band locking spring part way, from left to right; then rotate spring and pull from hole. (See fig. 56.) b. RECOIL PLATE (Ml AND M2). (1) Unscrew recoil plate screw counterclockwise until clear of escutcheon threads (above 3 / 4 inch), then withdraw from stock and recoil plate. (2) Loosen recoil plate by tapping lightly on rear top face with a metal tool. Pull plate directly forward out of seating recess in stock. Do not pull up or down, because rear seating lug on plate seats in a horizontal recess cut in the stock. (3) Do not remove the escutcheon from the stock except for replacement. To remove, thread recoil plate screw all the way into escutcheon from the under side and pull escutcheon out of stock. If withdrawal is difficult, insert small straight punch from top of screw hole in stock and tap end of screw lightly to loosen escutcheon, or thread screw in from top, part way, and tap lightly; then proceed as above. c. B U T T PLATE (EXCEPT M1A1). Unscrew butt plate screw counterclockwise and remove from stock. Loosen butt plate by tapping it lightly. Pull to rear off stock. If butt plate is tight, do not pry off, as stock is likely to be damaged. Tap on edges lightly all the way around, until loose enough to pull from stock. d. HAND GUARD. The liner of the hand guard assembly is riveted to the hand guard; do not remove it. e. STOCK EXTENSION (M1A1) (fig. 57). (1) Remove lower hinge screw from lower end of stock grip by turning counterclockwise. (2) With stock extension in extended position, unscrew the hinge screw projecting from the upper face of the recoil plate cap, by turning counterclockwise. When screw is disengaged from the lower hinge nut, pull screw up and out of grip, and then lift off recoil plate cap and lower hinge. (See fig. 58.) (3) With flat-ended punch, push hinge screw spacer out of hole in the lock on end of lower bar, up into coil spring. Then pull stock extension to rear from stock and remove grip spring, hinge screw spacer,
Figure 57. Stock extension — carbine, cal. .30, M1A1.
Figure 58. Stock extension group parts — carbine, cal. .30, M1A1. 85
Ml. fit. and for excessive wear and rust. 60). .) Check recoil plate screw for looseness in escutcheon (fig. for wear due to interference with moving parts. and worn threads. Stock and hand guard — carbine. Check b u t t plate screw for looseness. STOCK (EXCEPT M1A1) (fig. (2) Inspect butt plate for deformation.30. and for excessive friction in assembling. burs. cal. (3) Inspect recoil plate for looseness in stock. and looseness on stock. Inspection a. cal. (4) Remove grip and recoil plate by unscrewing the grip screw counterclockwise from top of recoil plate.30. 55.and grip spring washer from countersunk hole in lower end of grip. chipping. Inspect cuts and apertures for chipping and burs. (1) Inspect stock for cracks. for burs. 56. and excessive dryness. burs. Figure 59. Check threads in stock for stripping. (4) Inspect escutcheon for looseness in stock. . or worn threads. scoring. blemishes. Ml. 86 . Stock showing apertures — carbines. Take care that spring does not fly out or washer does not become lost. (See fig. Figure 60. burs. 59).
When the extension is pressed flat to the stock. burs or a damaged butt plate spring are indicated. cal. If pivoting is jerky. rust. HAND GUARD. chipping. If butt plate is loose on bars or fails to pivot under spring tension. (3) Inspect stock extension for smoothness of hinge action and positive locking when extended and when folded. burs on locking lug or in slot of locking nut or bent bars are indicated. Stock and grip — carbine. or a broken hinge spring is indicated.30. Check hand guard liner for deformation. (See fig. . c. and excessive wear at front band shoulder. 87 . the lock should cam out of the slot in the locking nut. or binding is apparent. Rear face of shoulder should be square enough to retain front band in position. defective riveting. (2) Inspect grip for looseness on stock and for cracks. and the extension should pivot smoothly about the hinge screw through an arc of approximately 180° to lie flat against the left side of the stock. so t h a t the extension will lie locked close to the stock without looseness or shake. The extension should be rigid and without shake when extended with butt plate rigidly at right angles to the bars. looseness on hand guard. 56. and burs. M1A1. a loose hinge screw. If shake is present in either position. Inspect hand guard for cracks. Figure 61. STOCK (M1A1) (figs.) b. as prescribed in b above. When swung to the left.) (1) Inspect hand guard and parts common with Ml stock. Grip should be rigid with stock and no twist should be possible when assembled. 61 and 62. the lock should slip into the slot in the locking nut and the butt plate should pivot on the bar ends.(5) Inspect front band locking spring for deformation and excessive wear of locking shoulder. a worn locking lug or locking nut.
(7) Inspect grip screw for length and burred threads. Screw should turn in snugly to retain recoil plate and grip.159 inch). hand guard and grip — carbine. when assembled and threaded into the nut. (See fig. (8) Inspect grip spring washer for deformation. binds the parts still tighter. Plate should lie flush at the edges with the stock and receiver. 63. Inspect routed threads in grip for wear and stripping. cal. and prevents the grip from twisting. held down by grip screw passing through plate and stock and into routed threads in grip.Figure 62.30. M1A1.125 inches with a No. when assembled. Stock. deepen grip screw hole to a total depth of 1. (6) Inspect receiver locking lug seat in recoil plate for wear and burs.) When assembling. routed threads will eventually strip out and grip twist loose. The hinge screw. (9) Inspect hinge screw spacer for deformation. when assembled. (10) Inspect locking nut for looseness in lower hinge shell. 88 . If screw has not been replaced. Replace the 2 3 / 32 -inch hinge screw by a 23/4-inch screw. Plate should seat level and firm on stock. (5) Inspect recoil plate for security and level seating on stock. and be held there snugly without play or shake. . 21 drill (diameter 0. Spacer should fit in hole in lock on lower bar. If screw is loose. Spacer should fit in hole in lock on lower bar. When assembled. Inspect shell for deformation. the locking lug on receiver should cam smoothly into the seat. Inspect sling eyelet for looseness on hinge shell. (4) Inspect recoil plate cap for dents and fit with rear end of stock. the grip screw holds all three parts together.
and broken or bent ends. Cheek rest plate should be held tightly to rods by retaining plate and rivets. Important wearing surfaces. cracked welding. examine clearance cut on right for disconnector. d. (14) Inspect b u t t plate spring for tension. for spring action with spring assembled. and clearance cut on left for the selector. 58) for deformation and looseness with each other on the bars when assembled. and leather cover should be smooth. so it will not scrape face of operator. and for cracks. (15) Inspect cheek rest plate and retaining plate (fig. and lock on corresponding end of lower bar for deformation. (12) Inspect bars for deformation. Wear of lock or nut will cause improper locking and looseness. 89 . Inspect rivets for looseness and protrusion of heads. in addition. (See fig. excessive deformation. Inspect cheek rest cover for scoring and cracking of leather. 64. 58). Inspect lower hinge screw for wear and inspect threads in grip for stripping. Angle of lock faces should correspond to t h a t of the nut. The proper mating of lock and nut determine the rigidity of the stock extension when extended or folded. They should lie in the same vertical plane when assembled. (11) Inspect hinge on upper bar for deformation and cracked welding.) Figure 63.) Check locking slot in nut for wear and burs (angle of slot face is 30°). Inspect stock the same as for M l and. STOCK (M2). and worn locking lug (fig. (13) Inspect butt plate for smooth pivoting on rod ends.) (Nut is staked or spot-welded in shell.(See fig. and eyelet spotwelded to shell. There must be no binding of the selector or disconnector due to undersized cuts. 63.
Maintenance and Repair a. Support the opposite (beaded) end of the rivet while riveting. BINDING OF PARTS WITH STOCK. tighten them by spreading the hollow (inner) ends with a blunt punch.) (c) Point on right side of stock and hand guard where operating slide bar passes through to right side of receiver. (3) Points to check for excessive friction or lack of sufficient clearance are: (a) Trigger housing aperture in stock. as wood may later dry out and shrink. cal.010-inch clearance between stock and trigger housing causes the shock of recoil to be transmitted to the trigger housing retaining pin. using fine file or sharp. (g) Right-hand side of stock where disconnector lever assembly is located (M2 carbine). 56. (2) Relieve friction due to swelling caused by excessive moisture only enough to allow proper functioning and/or assembly. Stock and hand guard — carbine.30. (d) Recess in bed of stock in which operating slide functions. (Such scoring may be due to incorrectly assembled hammer pin. A loose hand guard liner indicates improper spreading of the rivets. These rivets are tubular. 90 . Relieve such binding points by filing or paring. Place rivet head on a small steel rod or punch clamped in a vise. where front band seats. Use of raw linseed oil will help to prevent undue swelling of wood due to excessive moisture. b. (b) Left inside face of stock opposite head of hammer pin when assembled.Figure 64. Less than 0.010-inch clearance between stock and the rear of the trigger housing. There must be a minimum of 0. (1) Binding of moving parts with stock or lack of proper clearance for assembly is evident on the stock by rubbed areas. flat blade. (e) Forward shoulder of stock and hand guard. (f) Left-hand side of stock where selector is located (M2 carbine). . This is especially detrimental in the case of the M2 carbine. LOOSE R I V E T S IN HAND GUARD L I N E R . M2.
If the front band will not seat properly behind the shoulder of the front band locking spring when assembled.30. 66. Insert spindle of front band locking spring into hole in right forward end of stock and drive to the left. 11d. In most cases damaged or splintered stocks can be patched and reused. PATCHING STOCKS. (See par. the seating shoulders on stock or hand guard are not cut back far enough or the hand guard liner is too long. 57. 19. FRONT BAND WILL NOT SEAT.c. Install screw by gripping it in the chuck of a hand drill. (See fig. for if it is too short the hand guard will fly off when firing the carbine. Do not file the hand guard liner. (See fig. These are nonrequisitionable and are to be made locally. Figure 65. and the approved method of inserting them in the stock. and file rear face of shoulder only.) d. Assembly a. The light-colored patches showareas that may be patched.) Cut off screw and file flush with stock. FRONT BAND LOCKING SPRING.081-inch hole to receive screw. dovetail patches in. . Reinforce patches with special screws which are machined from brass. Drill an 0. Ml and M2.) Wherever possible. 91 . cal. Seat spring fully in recess in stock. 65.) The dark-colored patches show areas that cannot be patched without weakening the stock. Patching stock — carbines. file the shoulders of stock or hand guard or both at the front sufficiently to allow proper seating and locking of band. (See fig. To remedy this condition. No edges must protrude. This must be accomplished by skilled workmen and is authorized in fifth echelon organizations only. Use a fine flat file with a safe edge.
grip spring. Hold in position firmly and press upward on lock against spring pressure until hinge on upper (straight) bar will slip over and lie upon top of recoil plate. Replace recoil plate screw through top of recoil plate and stock grip. c. (Be sure spacer is flush with lower face of lock before attempting to catch threads. stock. spacer. 11f). replace them by fitting grip to rear. (4) Position lower hinge assembly over lock so that locking lug slot in nut mates with locking lug on lock. 58). grip spring washer. to secure recoil plate. This prevents a strain on the parts (par.) Turn screw so that nut pulls lower hinge upward until lower hinge shell is resting firmly upon lower face of grip. recoil plate. d. Still holding lock in position with regard to spring. Align screw holes in plate and stock. STOCK EXTENSION (M1A1) (fig. Then seat recoil plate on top of rear end of stock with undercut lug facing forward. insert grip screw. under face of stock. so that seating lug and horizontal recess mate. Insert hinge screw through hole in cap and push downward through hinge. and grip firmly together. Do not force screw as threads in wood of stock may strip. or top of hinge. stock. (1) If the grip and recoil plate have been removed. grip. Then. Insert screw and turn down snugly. and sling eyelet faces forward. and insert hinge screw spacer until flush with lower face of lock. Seat recoil plate evenly and flush with recess in stock by tapping lightly. (2) Place grip spring washer in large counterbored hole in lower end of grip and seat grip spring in hole upon washer. Be sure screw is pushed down until upper shoulder on screw has entered the hole in upper hinge and is not bearing on cap. and draw down part way. thread into escutcheon. insert small end first in seat in lower face of stock grip.b. press nut and lock upward against force of grip spring and turn hinge screw until threads on hinge screw catch threads in nut. and screw down tightly. and lock on lower bar. align hole in spring and lock. and draw screw down tight. Tap in until seated level and flush with stock. turning clockwise.) (1) If escutcheon has been removed. (2) Insert recoil plate into rear of receiver aperture in stock with bevel face up and tang to rear. (3) Position recoil plate cap over recoil plate and upper hinge so that it rests flat on hinge and recoil plate. Then grasp stock extension so that locking lug on lower bar faces downward and place upper face of lock against lower end of grip spring. Recoil plate must be inserted from front to rear and held level during insertion. Then assemble barrel and receiver group to stock. Place butt plate on butt and tap lightly until solidly and evenly seated on butt. (5) Insert lower hinge screw in lower end of stock grip and turn in 93 . B U T T PLATE ( E X C E P T M1A1). align. RECOIL PLATE (EXCEPT M1A1. just behind trigger guard opening so that projection on grip points downward and trigger guard bow will fit into forward face of grip when assembled.
94 . When extension is extended. Be sure there is no movement between stock and grip. Then fold stock extension to left against stock to test locking. Stock extension should be locked rigidly when fully extended and when fully folded.clockwise direction until tight. Butt plate should turn on the rod ends to lie flat on stock when extension is folded. butt plate should spring out and lie firmly in a plane at approximately right angles to the bore line. The perpendicular line of butt plate will be slightly to left of bore line when stock extension is extended.
Inspect spring for deformation. Disassembly a.) b. If lugs on rear face of tube are worn to the extent where proper retention is doubtful. Early type magazine tubes had a lip on the lower rear wall of the tube which often necessitated removal of the follower as in c above. Inspect base for retention in tube.) With left thumb. Inspect retaining lugs on rear face of tube for wear and burs. press up on forward (rounded) end of magazine base until the base can be slid out of its retaining grooves in the base of body. 59. Do not disassemble the magazine except for cleaning or salvage. fracture. and burs.25 (approximately 55/16) inches. 95 . d. Do not force. Insert short curved flange of follower into rear (flat side) of bottom opening of magazine tube and rotate long flange upward into tube. Assembly a. 67. 68 and 69) . press up on opposite end to assist rotation. c. T U B E . and withdraw from tube. grasp long rear flange of follower and rotate down out of tube. (Bases of recent design are ribbed on the inside for stiffening. BASE. b. Reverse tube. and have an overhanging lip on the round end. Restrain magazine spring as base is removed. then. SPRING. Movement can be started by inserting rim of cartridge or point of screw driver in indent in top of base. Inspection (figs. Inspect lips of tube for deformation. scrap the magazine. c. Grasp magazine in left hand with base up and rounded face toward the body. Grasp flange and rotate follower out of tube. deformation.SECTION XII MAGAZINE ASSEMBLY 58. dents. and worn retaining protrusion. 60. insert screw driver or similar tool from top of tube to bear on rear end of follower and press on follower until stop flange is clear of tube.30 ± 0. and set. and base retaining flanges for deformation and retention of base. a. (See fig. Free length of spring is 5. If flange will not rotate out. If follower sticks in tube. and slide follower to bottom of tube. Such bases can be removed by inserting screw driver under lip and pulling up and out.
96 . Removing magazine base and follower.Figure 67.
) Figure 69. square end first. b. Magazine group. under retaining lips of tube. Do not force unduly or magazine will be distorted. with projection of indent facing in. Magazine — 30-round — disassembled. (Recent design follower rotates easily into tube. tube or follower is distorted and should be corrected. the ramp on the follower must be facing the rear of the tube. insert screw driver or similar tool into top of tube to hold short end and assist in rotation. If necessary. Push follower down in tube and release to test smoothness of functioning. press down on opposite end of follower and rotate. (Magazine base of recent design is ribbed for stiffening. Compress spring with thumb.Figure 68. If follower does not reciprocate smoothly under spring action. and starting from the rounded edge of tube. Ribs should face inward when base is assembled. Push follower to top of tube and insert magazine spring with long dimension to the rear as shown in figure 68. In this position the follower will slide evenly in the tube.) c . The rear of the magazine tube is flat and has the two nibs for engaging the magazine catch. 70. insert the base. (See fig. 97 . If lip is present on tube. Push base in until projection catches on tube. When assembled correctly. until end of long flange snaps under lip of tube.) d.
98 . Follower properly assembled.Figure 70.
deformation. nicked or burred blade edge. M4 Bayonet Knife a. and M2) Make the following inspections: a. Check buckle for deformation. Oiler cap for loose or uneven fit on tube and for oil leakage. loose fit on barrel. and dullness. and burs. b. Position of oiler tube ring in tube. 6 2 . the bayonet should be wiped dry and oiled with a slightly oiled cloth. e. broken or nicked point. and washer on ring. 63. looseness on the blade. Wear. d. free action. and looseness of components. corrosion. Fastener should snap to locked position and hold firmly. c . After inspection. looseness. and corrosion. (2) Blade for deformation. fit and retention on carbine. Oiler for dents and corrosion. and serious blemishes. and positive retention with mating eyelet. wear. deformation. Tube and cap for worn or burred threads. (4) Bayonet catches for wear. and burs. fracture. M 1 A 1 . b. deformed or dented barrel band. Make the following inspections: (1) The bayonet as a unit for appearance and general condition. d. If bayonet must be refinished. care must be taken not to dip the leather handle into the finishing tanks. "Lift-a-dot" fastener for looseness in sling. c. (3) Guard for deformation. wear. f. Sling ( M l . Oiler (except M l A l ) Make the following inspections: a. Rod (dropper) for deformation and looseness in cap. Metal tips for fracture. (5) Bayonet finish. and looseness on webbing of sling. b.SECTION XIII EQUIPMENT 6 1 . 99 . Sling for cuts.
and looseness of components. wear. b. Scabbard as a unit for appearance.64. d. and burs. Hook for deformation. general condition. ease of bayonet withdrawal. deep abrasions. c. Mouthpiece top for looseness on the body and for wear and burs. M 8 A 1 Scabbard Make the following inspections: a. 100 . fit and retention of the bayonet. or splitting. Body for cuts.
the change in dimension is more easily detected in many cases by comparing with adjacent surfaces. the piece in itself becomes a gauge. After a piece is worn through use. The dimensions placed on these parts (and gauging used during manufacturing) were for the sole purpose of insuring interchangeability. functioning and interchangeability will not be adversely affected and the parts are consequently acceptable. The 15 rounds must be fired without malfunction. Correct guns which fail to meet function firing by such 101 . fire an additional two full magazine (30 rounds) without malfunction for acceptance of the weapon. and evidence of corrosion. a partially worn surface. Visual inspection. A gauge used in manufacturing is merely means of comparing an unknown dimension with a known one to judge whether a piece comes within tolerances. using one complete magazine (15 rounds) of standard service ball ammunition. Function Firing Function fire each weapon following complete overhaul. the parts composing them were dimensionally correct and made of the proper material. These defects do not evidence themselves by uniform reduction in a given dimension but show up as a chipped edge. parts that might crack or break due to high stress or fatigue. General Weapons turned in for repair may be assumed to have defects caused by use or neglect. Even if the dimensions of such parts are worn considerably below drawing tolerances. for acceptance of the gun. Should a malfunction occur. therefore. Fire the Ml and M1A1 carbines from a buck or from the shoulder.SECTION XIV FUNCTION FIRING A N D FINAL INSPECTION 65. is far more applicable in these cases and gauging is limited to those dimensions that are critical and that may be advantageously measured rather than compared. Consequently the inspection of these weapons after repair will differ from the inspection procedure used in the manufacturing plant in that attention will be directed to wearing surfaces. 66. Inspection of noncritical parts (parts that do not cause malfunctions) is limited to appearance and the presence of cracks or flaws. or an eccentric hole. When they were accepted as new weapons.
using 15 rounds for semiautomatic and 15 rounds full automatic. g. (3) Stock and hand guard for cracks and mutilation. Barrels must be straight. ( b ) Rear sight aperture slide for free movement and positive position or various elevations. the inside face of the operating slide. Final Inspection a . The serial number must be legible. For depot storage over-all appearance is approximately that of a new weapon. All exposed metal surfaces must have a dull. h. (5) Swivels and screws for proper staking. (2) Magazine for play and function. 102 . Be sure to scrub the bolt face. (4) M2 carbine for new full round bolt. smoothness of operation. clean of rust and powder fouling. Dents and mutilations in woodwork that do not affect serviceability must be sanded over and treated with linseed oil. (8) Rear sight for following: (a) Binding of windage screw. Function fire the M2 carbine. After function firing clean the weapons thoroughly in the prescribed manner to prevent corrosion. Moving parts and bearing surfaces must not be burred or rusty. Where malfunctions may be attributed to faulty magazine or ammunition. and function. (6) Front band for loose rivets. In case of malfunction follow the same procedure outlined above. 67. e. rust-resistant finish with no burs. Visual inspection: (1) General appearance. Subject these guns again to the 30-round function firing test which must be met for acceptance of the gun. deep scratches.component replacement or armorers operations required. or tool marks. Test with magazine of dummy cartridges. All parts must be properly aligned and have specified clearance. c. and instructions in current Technical Bulletins followed. the piston face and surrounding arch. (b) Looseness of trigger housing when assembled to receiver. the arch around the chamber face. b. (7) Front sight for looseness and bent or burred wings. and the bore. d. the current applicable modifications. and free from bulges. Weapons must be complete with all necessary accessories. (c) Looseness between recoil plate and receiver. Pits in the chamber are allowed if they are not sufficiently large to cause extraction difficulties. (9) Trigger housing group for the following: (a) Bent trigger guard. f . Fine pits are allowable if they do not materially affect the sharpness of lands. conduct additional function firing with magazine or ammunition of known satisfactory quality.
No marking required by other echelons. arsenal will stamp weapon with appropriate arsenal and inspector's initials. INITIAL. j. (e) Function of safety. The minimum should be 0. (f) Function of magazine catch. (1) Operate by hand to ascertain that final adjustments have been made to assure proper operation. trigger. FUNCTION AND INSPECTION WITH GAUGES. (2) Test trigger pull (minimum 5 pounds. 103 . This applies to arsenals only. Note shape and condition of firing pin point. Refer to serviceability chart (fig. No marking is required in third and fourth echelons. maximum 7 pounds) (3) When inspecting the bolt. (6) Assemble and function test with dummy cartridges. gauge the firing pin protrusion. If passed.048 inch and the maximum should be 0. sear. (4) Inspect for headspace.065 inch. and hammer. i. See that catch (7160470) is installed.(d) Function of selector on M2 carbine. 19). (5) Inspect bore and chamber.
automatic guns.30. and automatic gun.l Truck. trench mortars. Standard Nomenclature Lists Tools. ORD 11 SNL T . ORD 2 List and index of War Department Publications FM 21-6 List of War Department films. and ammunition for simulated small-arms fire ORD 11 SNL T-4 3. . rifle. preserving and lubricating materials. and field artillery. small arms repair.ORD 3 SNL L-1 Ammunition. . special oils. Cal. ORD 1 Ordnance Supply Catalog. and recognition film slides FM 21-7 Military Training Aids FM 21-8 2. . 6 x 6 . recoil fluids. gases and related items ORD 3 SNL K-2 Small arms targets and target equipment.ORD 3 SNL F . for repair of small and hand arms. ammunition for Field Service Account. carbine. Ml and M1A1. instruction material. and miscellaneous related items ORD 3 SNL K .l Soldering. Introduction WD Cat. . brazing and welding materials. ORD 6 SNL B-20 Carbine.APPENDIX REFERENCES 1.. . Ordnance Supply Catalog. . maintenance. M2 SNL B-28 Fire control major items and major combinations for use with small arms.l Miscellaneous service components of smallarms. M7A1 and M7A2 ORD G-138 Cleaning. Publication Indexes The following publication indexes should be consulted for the latest changes or revisions of references and for new publications relating to materiel covered in this manual. . 2 1 / 2 t o n . M1A3. Explanatory Publications Range regulations for firing ammunition for training and target practice 104 AR 750-10 . Index WD Cat. and pyrotechnic projectors. film strips. . .
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE. Lubricating. . Ml and M1A1 Introduction to Ordnance Storage and Shipment Charts Ordnance Storage and Shipment Charts — Group B . S. S. Cal. M2 Cleaning.30. Carbine.major Decontamination Sniperscope. Sealing. 1947 — 06394 — 95 105 .Ordnance Service in the Field Ordnance Field Maintenance Defense Against Chemical Attack U. Preserving. and Related Materials Issued for Ordnance Materiel Small Arms Ammunition FM 9-5 FM 9-10 FM 21-40 FM 23-7 IOSSC(a) SB9-OSSC-B TM 3-220 TM 5-9341 TM 9-850 TM 9-1990 U.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.