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Published by: Farhan Qureshi on Apr 25, 2014
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THX203H 【Switching Power Controller IC】

Introduction, characteristics and application field ···································································· 3 Reference frame of interior circuit···························································································· 4 Description of pins’ function ···································································································· 4 Ultimate parameters ················································································································· 5 Recommended working condition ···························································································· 5 Electric parameters ··················································································································· 5 Principal Discription················································································································· 7 Definition of Electric Parameters ····························································································· 8 Application information ··········································································································· 9 Typical application circuit ······································································································ 11 Components Listing ··············································································································· 12 Making coils for transformer ································································································ 13 Test data ································································································································· 14 Wave-form of main experimental units ·················································································· 15 Parameters of thermal resistance and junction temperature ···················································· 19 Dimensional chart of encapsulation························································································ 20


PWM Controller of High-performance Current Mode

Introduction PWM controller of high-performance current mode is specially designed for AC/DC transformer with high performance and price ratio, which supplies continuous output power of 12W within the range of wide-voltage between 85V and 265V, the output power of peak value can be up to 18W. The combination of optimized reasonable circuit design and bipolar facture technology with high performance and price ratio economizes the whole cost ultimately. The power controller can be applied to the typical flyback circuit topology so as to form a simple AC/DC transformer. The startup circuit inside IC is designed as a particular current inhalation way, so it can start up with the magnification function of the power switch tube itself, which lessens the power consumption for starting the resistance remarkably; when the output power is lower, IC will reduce the working frequency automatically, therefore, the standby power consumption becomes extremely low. When the power tube is closed, the interior circuit will bias it reversely, utilize the characteristic of high pressure resistance CB of bipolar transistor directly, and improve its pressure resistance capacity to the high voltage of 700V, which ensures the security of the power tube.

Meanwhile, the perfect function of overload and saturation prevention is provided inside of IC, which can keep away some abnormal status, such as overload, saturation of transformer, and output short circuit, so as to improve the reliability of the power supply. The current limit and clock frequency can be set up by exterior components. Now the standard encapsulation and the environmental protection leadless encapsulation that meets European standard of DIP8 are supplied.

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and the pressure resistance of the power tube is improved. which makes the current limit precise Set-in heat protection circuit Startup is accomplished with the magnification function of the switch power tube. Inner-built ramp and anti-feedback compensation function The independent upper-limit current testing controller deals with over-current and over-load of the controller real-timely. The period emission pole is turned off and it outputs by deflected voltage. Frame of Interior Current .3 - . and the power consumption of startup resistance is reduced more than10 times. With the function of output frequency reduction. Applied Field Adaptor (for example. travel charger.THX203H PWM Controller of High-performance Current Mode Characteristics Set-in high-voltage power switch tube of 700V and few peripheral components With the modulation of lock pulse width. the non-output power consumption can be less than 0. the testing is according to the pulse limit current. Few peripheral components Low startup and operating current VCC over-voltage automatic limit Continuous wide-voltage output power reaches 12W. Set-in current limit resistance with temperature compensation. DVD. and the output power of peak value arrives at 18W. DVB) Reference Frame of Interior Circuit Figure 1.3W. out power station) Open Frame (for example.

8 -0. VCC Pins input voltage Minimum 4. so as to avoid discharging. meet switching transformer *: During PCB layout. the security distance should be kept more than 1mm between Pin6 and Pin7.3 Typical 5.8 Symbol OB VCC GND CT FB IS OC Pins Description base electrode of power tube.5 Maximum 9.THX203H PWM Controller of High-performance Current Mode Description of Pins’ function Pins 1 2 3 4 5 6 7.3V Endurance voltage of OC collector···································································· -0. Limit parameter Power supply voltage VCC ····························································································16V Startup input voltage·······································································································16V Pins input voltage ······························································································· VCC+0.3-700V Switching current of peak value ················································································800mA Total dissipation power···························································································1000mW Operating temperature range ·············································································0---+125℃ Deposit temperature range··········································································· -55---+150℃ Welding temperature ························································································+260℃.4 - .10S Recommended working condition Item Power supply voltage. external startup resistance supply electric pins meet grounding pins oscillate capacitance pins. control terminal of start-up current.0 Vcc 520 600 Unit V V V mA Reverse voltage of peak value Switching current of peak value Timing capacitance Oscillating frequency Operating temperature 650 45 0 680 61 920 65 70 PF KHz ℃ . sampling resistance of external current output pins. external timing capacitance feedback pins switching current sampling and limit enactment.

60 mA 30 60 70 KΩ dB .5 800 1 % V ns Feedback Item Testing condition Pull-up Input current impedance pull-down resistance Power supply rejection Vcc=5.001-0.5-9V ratio with voltage Frequency change rate Ta=0-85℃ with temperature Vibration amplitude of oscillator(Vp-p) Drop edge of Ct=330PF oscillator Minimum Typical Maximum Unit 55 61 67 KHz 1 % 2. RS=1Ω) Output Item Testing condition Maximum pressure Ioc=10mA resistance of switching tube on-saturation pressure Ioc=600mA drop Output rise-time CL=1nF Output fall-time CL=1nF Output limit current Tj=0-100℃ OE clamp voltage OE=0.50 0.5-7.5V.5 1 75 75 620 V ns ns mA V Reference Item Testing condition Reference output Io=1.2mA ratio Temperature stability Output noise voltage F=10Hz-10KHz Long-term stability Operate 1000h under condition of T=85℃ Minimum Typical Maximum Unit 2.4 2. Vcc=5.5 - .THX203H PWM Controller of High-performance Current Mode Electric Parameter (Ta=25℃.60A Minimum Typical Maximum Unit 700 V 540 580 1.6 V the 2 0.5-9V ratio Load adjustment Io=0.5-9V ratio Minimum Typical Maximum Unit 0.5 2.2 5 20 3 50 mV % mV/℃ μV mV Oscillator Item Testing condition Oscillating frequency Ct=680PF Frequency change Vcc=5. Ct=680PF.1-1.0mA voltage power adjustment Vcc=5.

the start-up current is input from power tube to VCC through OE. VR is closed when electrified.3 3. but the precision of stabilizing voltage is low). accordingly. THX203H starts the acceptance current).5 % Power current Item Testing condition Startup acceptance current Startup static current Static current Vcc=8V Startup voltage Close voltage of oscillator Restart voltage Over-voltage limit margin Minimum Typical Maximum Unit 1.5V benchmark. if FB is less than 1.8 8.4 mA 8.) .0 μA mA V V V V Description of the Principle During start-up phase.6V. OB supplies base .0V.8 4. FB pull-up power source is closed. OB controls the base current of power tube and limits the current of power tube collector (namely. if the peripheral feedback tries to make VCC more than 9. During the open cycle. until the oscillation stops (This characteristic reduces the standby power consumption of the switching power. VR outputs 2. and it comes into the normal phase.8V. VCC voltage shall keep at 4. the start-up phase is ended. when VCC voltage goes up to 8.THX203H PWM Controller of High-performance Current Mode Current sampling Item Testing condition Current sampling limit upper limit current RS=1O prevention Power supply rejection ratio transmission delay Minimum Typical Maximum Unit 0.8V). we can may not adopt peripheral feedback circuit.6 80 9.5 10.7 9.8V (about between 1. the security of the power tube is ensured.6V (According to this characteristic.6 4. the wider the cycle of the oscillator is.54 0. the in-circuit is fed back to FB and makes VCC stabilize the voltage at 9.8~9. and stabilize the output voltage by in-circuit.27 60 150 0.0 2.0 4.0 9. the less FB is. the oscillator output OSC1 decides the maximum duty cycle.62 70 250 A dB ns Modulation of pulse width Item Testing condition Maximum duty cycle Minimum duty cycle Minimum Typical Maximum Unit 53 57 61 % 3. During normal phase.62 V 0.6 - .2 55 2.58 0.2-1. output OSC2 tries to touch off the power supply to enter open cycle to enter the open cycle. and shield flashing peak current of the power tube . the cycle of the oscillator will increase with it.6 2.54 0. FB pull-up current source starts up.

then OB on-current increases linearly with IS. OSC1 and OSC2 are in the low level. OB on-current is about 120mA.2 Waveform Graph of Open and Close Cycle at Normal Phase . it will come into the close cycle.3V or so.8V. during the close cycle. OB on-current is about 40mA.6V. which improves the voltage endurance). when THX203H is in a big duty cycle or in the mode of constant current. during open or close cycle. if the power tube is detected beyond the upper limit current.THX203H PWM Controller of High-performance Current Mode current for the power tube. the oscillator will shut off. when IS increases to 0. and OB adopts the driving parameter of ramp current ( it refers to that OB on-current is the parameter of IS. when the internal temperature is higher than 140℃. this characteristic makes effective use of the output current of OB. The ramp compensation is also placed internally. it can stabilize the open/close cycle. the duty cycle will become less so as to protect the power tube and transformer. but OE clamps 1. In addition. at the beginning of next close cycle or when FB is less than 1. the power tube will not shut off immediately. OE pulls down the emitter of the power tube to IS. Fig. the trigger of the upper limit current will reset. THX203H will come into the start-up phase once again. If VCC declines to 4. the trigger of the upper limit current will be placed preferentially and forces FB to drop. if IS detects that the specified current FB. decreases the power consumption of THX203H). OB pulls down. when VCC goes on declining to 3. it will broaden the cycle of the oscillator and makes the temperature of THX203H less than 150℃.7 - . when IS is 0V. the base will be biased reversely. and the power supply keeps at close cycle.5V (after the power tube is shut off. THX203H is installed over heat protection internally.7V or so.

FB Upper Limit Current Prevention: The pull-down current on FB at normal phase when FB is 6V. CT meets 680PF.25V. IS is 0. .6V. on-current OB is about 40mA.0K of resistance at normal phase.5mA during the start-up phase Start-up Quiescent Current: the current of minimum current source that can make VCC oscillate (namely finish the start-up of THX203H) when VCC meets filter capacitance and adjustable current source.3V. and CT is in pull-up/pull-down current.5V. on-current OE is about 120mA. FB Pull-up Current: Pull-up current on FB at normal phase when FB is 2. Re-start Voltage: Minimum VCC value of above VCC oscillation. when IS is increased to 0. then on-current OB will increase linearly with IS.5V.THX203H PWM Controller of High-performance Current Mode Fig. when IS is 0V. IS is 0V. Internal Feedback Power Voltage: VCC value of THX203H power supply of the circuit without peripheral standby at normal phase OC Upper Limit Voltage: the minimum OC current of pull-down current on FB when FB is 6V Ramp current drive: it refers to the power tube base drive OB on-current is the function of IS. Pull-up/pull-down Current of the Oscillator: at normal phase.3 Overall Waveform Graph of THX203H Definition of Electric Parameter Start-up acceptance current: the current on OC when OB inputs 0. and other pins hang in the air. Start-up Voltage: Maximum VCC value of above VCC oscillation. Close Voltage of Oscillator: VCC value that makes RC oscillator stop oscillating when the above VCC oscillates the falling edge. Quiescent Current: VCC power current when FB is grounded with 1.8 - . CT is 1. FB is 2.

and accomplish a clock cycle. When the internal temperature of the chip reaches 140 ℃ . The external FB capacitance will influence As for the value of CFB capacitance. the lower the switching frequency is. so some external parameters will be affected. the internal circuit will discharge CT with 1.8V. such as transient-state characteristic. the pull-down resistance is about 33KΩ (it approximates the equivalent value). 4.THX203H PWM Controller of High-performance Current Mode Application Information: 1. Relationship between CT timing capacitance and switching frequency CT capacitance is charged by 100uA constant current through internal current source to for the rise-up edge.5V. the bigger the switching current is (it is only limited at the peak value).9 - . which is about: the feedback bandwidth. the more it is less than 1. CT capacitance of THX203H can be configured by 680PF. In addition. but for the switch of bipolar power. it will pull down the clock signal. the influence caused by switch loss for the storage time is still be considered. the typical application can be selected according to the frequency character of feedback circuit between 10nF and 100nF.8V. the oscillating cycle will be enlarged. As shown in the following figure. the higher the voltage is. Generally.9mA of pull-down current to form the fall-down edge of the clock. Over temperature protection The interior of IC integrates the function of over temperature protection. when FB voltage is less than 1. FB pins pull up 600uA power source internally. when the voltage is charged to 2. the over-heat protection circuit will work. the voltage of FB will decide the value of the maximum switching current. Under common application situation. the switching frequency will declined. FB feedback and control In normal working state. T=CT*24000 (S) Fs=1/T (Hz) Although the bipolar circuit can work under higher frequency. the appropriate switching frequency is about below 70KHz. when the relevant working frequency is around 61KHz. 2. the switching frequency will fall until the oscillator is turned off. Driving characteristic and high voltage endurance bias technology of power tube . 3.

8V. it will bias the output of OE to 1. the design of VCC shall be kept at the proper range. if the voltage of VCC falls to 4. the current of OB is about 40mA. the switching tube affords the reverse voltage CB. the current of OB is about 120 mA. the voltage of VCC should be keep between 4.4V. when FB is 0. and it will lock VCC to 9.8V CT VR VCC in side IC is provided with a comparator controller of the upper limit voltage.5V 0. For more detail information for the voltage endurance characteristic of the switching tube. and reach the limit function of over voltage. IC will begin to reset. when it decreases to 3. when FB is 6V. Over-voltage and under-voltage protection IC has the function of slow-moving . under-voltage protection. the initial start-up voltage is provided by the driving resistance. The interior of IC integrates the particular bias technology. the high voltage of input will be injected into the base of the switching tube through Ic current. meanwhile.8V further. and make the output voltage escape from The bias waveform is shown as follows: OB OE 1. therefore. the driving voltage is formed. by which the voltage feedback function of the front terminal can be accomplished conveniently.6V. bias the emitter junction. consequently. so as to guarantee the security of the load. the output of OB will be pulled down to the ground. when the power tube is shut. the comparator will work. expand the effective safe working area. When IC works normally. if VCC tries to be more than 9. and the driving power consumption will decrease remarkably when the output is low.5V or so. the oscillator will enter the state of shutoff. As shown in the following figure: VCC 4. when the voltage of VCC reaches 8. FB will be pulled down.THX203H PWM Controller of High-performance Current Mode The power tube adopts the ramp current drive.4V 3. IC will set out to start. accelerate the decreasing speed of Ic current.10 - . the driving current will increase with the output power.8-9V 4. the rising phenomenon of the output voltage in large extent can be avoided when the open-loop is output. so as to avoid VCC rising excessively high when the output is high.8V and 9V (including the situation of full load output). the endurance characteristic of the switching tube can be up to 700V. please refer to the relevant technical data.5V 5. Because of the existence of this characteristic.6V.

THX203H PWM Controller of High-performance Current Mode decreasing when IC over-voltage limit works. the switching current can always be very accurate in a larger range. It will test every switching current in every switching cycle. Requirement of heat elimination As for a typical power switch. what’s more. output 12V 1A): . and meet the broad temperature range.11 - . and avoid the wrong detection of the switching current. Maximum switching current limit IC has the function of current limit cycle by cycle. it will come into the close cycle. so as to avoid that the excessive heat leads to heat protection.65A of switching current. it can accomplish the output power of more than 12W easily. it must have necessary heat elimination measures. Reference wiring is as the following figure: Typical application circuit(input 85-265V. if the current fixed by FB or upper limit current prevention is reached. When designing a flyback power with 80V of emitter voltage and 0. one wieldy way is to pave PCB copper foil of a certain area on Pin7-8 pin. 7. The maximum limit value of switching current for THX203H is 0. The primary heat inside IC is produced by the on-off wasting of the switching tube. the typical application of 12W output and 200mm2 copper foil are necessary. comparing with normal MOSFET (the alteration of Ron will be large when the temperature changes) switching chip. 6. and the detection of the current has the function of real-time foreland hide. Then the reasonable temperature compensation eliminates the influence of temperature. it can shield the switching peak. thus not too much allowance is needed to match a larger working temperature range for the designer when he designs the scenario.80A. For an input of 85-265V. so appropriate heat elimination position is Pin7-8 pin of IC. plating tin on the copper foil will improve the heat elimination ability greatly. and the security of the circuit for use can be improved.

12 - .THX203H PWM Controller of High-performance Current Mode Fig. 4 Typical Application Circuit Components Listing: .

2R 75K.3K.5R 2.1/2W Capacitance 681J/50V 222/1KV 223/50V 104/50V Capacitance X 104/275V Capacitance Y 222M/400V Electrolytic capacitance 33uF/400V 47uF/16V 470uF/25V Diode 1N4007 FR107 SR3100 Luminous tube LED2.8 DR6*8 EF20-P10 D4*10mm CT7 Amount 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 R6 R9 R5 R7 R8 R3 R4 R2 R1 C3 C2 C4 C6 CX1 CY1 C1 C5 C7 D1-D4 D5 D7 D8 L1 L2 T1 F1 TZ1 Sign C8 D6 voltage-depend 7D471K ent resistance IC THX203H TL431A DIP8 SOT23 1 1 IC1 IC2 .1% 1.1/2W 2.X1 CT7.5 UU9. 25mH DR6*8.8.5 Filter inductance Power inductance Transformer Insurance tube UU9.THX203H PWM Controller of High-performance Current Mode No./Model encapsulation Name Resistance 1K 2K 5.1K 10K.10uH EF20 F1.5A/250V 0805 0805 0805 0805 0805 1206 1206 1/2W 1/2W 0805 CT5 0805 0805 MKP.Y1 EC23-13 EC11-5 EC13-8 DO-41 DO-41 DO-201AD D2.2M.13 - .1% 38. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Component Spec.

No. 1st segment of main F0. Bobbin data No.1350 Ns. Direction coil/layer 2-1 -10-6 -3-2 -50TS 3 tiers 16TS 3 tiers 50TS 2 tiers Note Thick coiling -Thin coiling -Thick coiling -- Np1. 5+5PIN. 2nd segment of F0. Bobbin diagram 3.2UEW main coil insulated adhesive paper 3M.4mH±10% 2.33x65mm Coils of the Transformer: 1.THX203H 30 31 PC817C PWM Controller of High-performance Current Mode DIP4 1 1 IC3 Circuitry panel PCB.No. 94V0 Lp=1.14 - .5mm2 Aw=30. 10PIN.1350 Np2.24mm*1P.1350 .VELOX 420-SEO .2mm2 Bobbin : EF20. Parameters of magnetic core Core : EF20.No. output coil F0.50mm*1P.TDK PC40 Ae=33.2UEW insulated adhesive paper 3M. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Name Spec.2UEW coil insulated adhesive paper 3M.24mm*1P.

25A Switch power when Io=0.5A Output ripple when Io=0. EffAV=0.5A Switch efficiency when Io=0.0 V 12.4 135 0.0 83.75A Switch efficiency when Io=0.2 12.1 83.04 22.5 12.0 84.8 For CEC.04 12.75A Output ripple when Io=0.4 79.04 12.7 V 12.2 mV 50.24 12.0 82.1 mV 55.0 Input power (standby power) when Io=0A Output voltage when Io=0A Output ripple when Io=0A 100% output load: Output voltage when Io=1A Output ripple when Io=1A Switch power when Io=1A 75% output load: Output voltage when Io=0.0 % 77.25A Output ripple when Io=0.09 12.1 V 12.04 14.04 20.04 24.No.04 21.10 12.17 12.0 83.11 12.2UEW 4-5 -9TS 3 tiers Thin coiling -- insulated adhesive paper 3M.0 % 78.8 80.25A mV 10.0 265 0.0 mV 52.0 81.04 20.0 80.2 12.0 % 76.3 12.0 % 74.0 77.0 82.8 V 12.04 23.0 84.9 12.1 82.1 .1TS and welded to meet Pin5.5A 25% output load: Output voltage when Io=0.5 82.04 25.09*LN(12)+0.04 110 0.04 19.0 80.0 82.1 82.75A 50% output load: Output voltage when Io=0.04 17.04 14. ICp supply coil PWM Controller of High-performance Current Mode power F0.04 12.15 - .04 12.5 12.2 220 0.5 84.04 24.4 12.04 19.0 mV 20.0 84.04 26.04 15. Testing data: Testing data Testing item Unit W V Input Voltage(Vac) 85 0.04 69.THX203H 7 8 Nvcc.04 19.0 83.4 12.04 11.6 12.8 12.4 80.0 80.1350 Note: the transformer is coiled with copper skin 1.1 12.04 20.7 80.9 12.04 25.04 40.49=71.6 180 0.04 21.3 12.04 18.04 23.8 12.4% Average efficiency of 25%-100% % 76.5 83.15mm*1P.3 12.14 12.2 12.5 84.04 19.

Io=1A 2uS/div Vin=110V.96 GW 1. Oscillograph: Primary waveform of testing point: 1.57 1. AgilentDSO3102A 0.25 1. Io=1A 100V/div 2uS/div . Io=0.16 - .80 meter: 0.63 power 0.THX203H of output PWM Controller of High-performance Current Mode Input power when the output W suffers short circuit Electric load: PROGIGIT 3310D.5A 50V/div 2uS/div 50V/div Vin=110V.5A 100V/div 2uS/div Vin=220V.5A 50V/div 2uS/div 50V/div Vin=85V. Io=0. Vce waveform diagram Vin=85V. Io=1A 2uS/div Vin=220V.92 GPM-8212. Io=0.

5A 100V/div 5uS/div Vin=265V.17 - . Io=1A 100V/div 5uS/div 2.THX203H PWM Controller of High-performance Current Mode Vin=265V. Output ripple waveform Vin=85V. Io=1A 10uS/div . Io=1A 10mS/div 3. Io=1A 50mV/div 10mS/div 20mV/div Vin=265V. Io=0. Io=1A 20mV/div 10uS/div 20mV/div Vin=265V. Output noise waveform Vin=85V.

Io=1A 100V/div 5V/div 200mS/div 200V/div 5V/div Vin=265V. Output waveform on start-up Vin=85V.0V/div 10mS/div 5. Vce waveform when the output suffers short circuit Vin=85V. Io=1A Vin=265V. Io=Short .18 - . Io=1A 200mS/div 6.0V/div 10mS/div 2. Vce and Vo waveform on start-up Vin=85V. Io=Short Vin=265V.THX203H PWM Controller of High-performance Current Mode 4. Io=1A 2.

THX203H PWM Controller of High-performance Current Mode 50V/div 200mS/div 100V/div 500uS/div Diagram of Switch efficiency and input power consumption: .19 - .

.........20 - ..THX203H PWM Controller of High-performance Current Mode IC reference junction temperature and heat resistance Data of DIP8 encapsulation junction temperature(reference) (θJC)1………….………........………...…50℃/W Note:1............... the testing point is where Pin7..... Pin7...…15℃/W (θJA)2…………....... Diagram of the dimension of encapsulation (DIP8) ......8 approaches the encapsulation cover 2. 8 is connected on two ounces of tinning copper...... and the area of copper is not less than 200mm2..................

21 - .THX203H PWM Controller of High-performance Current Mode 4 .

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