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, VII ,

7:



, a
.
, .

.
:
- ,
-

- .
.

.
1. .
0, m- x m cos sin . =

( ), , x m
x m = mx . m-

u m (t ) = As (t )e jxm cos sin , As (t ) .


z (t ) = As (t )

M 1

m =0

e jmx cos sin = As (t ) f ( , ) , wm

m- , M , f ( , )
. 0 ,
, wm

wm = e jmx cos 0 .
Mx
sin(
(cos sin cos 0 )) j x (cos sin cos )
M 1
0
2
f ( , ) = e jmx (cos sin cos 0 ) =
e 2
.
x
m=0
sin(
(cos sin cos 0 ))
2
= 90 0 .

.
f ( , ) 2*pi/1000 2*pi.
m-file :
close all;
x = 60;
rast=0.5; % golemina na rastojanieto pomedju antenite
% izrazeno vo odnos na branovata dolzina

M=6;
a=x/180*pi;
for i=1:1000
f(i)=abs(sin(pi*rast*M*(cos(2*pi/1000*i)-cos(a)))/sin(pi*rast*(cos(2*pi/1000*i)-cos(a))));
end
t=2*pi/1000:2*pi/1000:2*pi;
polar(t,f);
( rast)
. x , a 6
( M). x .
x=60 x=80 .

2. m-file
.
= 80 o 4 8. (
)

80

.
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
3.
. = 80 o

x =

x =

4
( =6) = 80 o
5

. (
,
rast 0,25 0,8 m-)
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________

.4 Switched beam .
, ,
.

f ( , ) =

M 1

m=0

e jmx cos sin .

wm .

. ,
.
..
3 3.
.. ,
.

i- m
j
wm = e m m i- m- .
m. .
( i),
( m).

. 1
. 2
. 3
. 4
. 5
. 6
. 7
. 8

. 1
112,5
202,5
135
225
112,5
202,5
180
270

. 2
135
45
247,5
157,5
180
90
-22,5
247,5

. 3
157,5
247,5
0
90
257,5
-22,5
135
225

. 4
180
90
112,5
22,5
-45
225
-67,5
202,5

. 5
202,5
292,5
225
-45
22,5
112,5
90
180

. 6
225
135
-22,5
247,5
90
0
247,5
157,5

. 7
247,5
-22,5
90
180
157,5
-112,5
45
135

. 8
270
180
202,5
112,5
225
135
202,5
112,5

.
.
22,5
-157,5
112,5
-67,5
67,5
-112,5
157,5
-22,5

m-file
, = 90 0 . :
close all;
x(1) = 112.5;
delta_f = 22.5;
for k = 2:8
x(k)=x(k-1) + delta_f;
end
y=x*pi/180;
z=exp(j*y);
for i=1:1000

s(1)=exp(-j*pi*cos(pi/500*i));
s(2)=exp(-j*pi*2*cos(pi/500*i));
s(3)=exp(-j*pi*3*cos(pi/500*i));
s(4)=exp(-j*pi*4*cos(pi/500*i));
s(5)=exp(-j*pi*5*cos(pi/500*i));
s(6)=exp(-j*pi*6*cos(pi/500*i));
s(7)=exp(-j*pi*7*cos(pi/500*i));
s(8)=exp(-j*pi*8*cos(pi/500*i));
y(i)=abs(s*z.');
end
%z=[y(1:500) zeros(1,500)];
k = 2*pi/1000:2*pi/1000:2*pi;
%polar(k,z);
polar(k,y);
: . (
i (1)
. i .1, delta_f
. i . .).