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20/04/2014

Axially loaded columns

Cracks in flexural members


Columns are members used primarily to support axial compressive loads and have a ratio of height to least lateral dimension of 3 or greater. In RC buildings, concrete beams, floors and columns are cast monolithically, causing some moments in columns due to end restraint. Moreover, perfect vertical alignment of columns in a multistory building is not possible, causing loads to be eccentric relative to centre of column, causing moments in the column. Columns subjected to pure axial loads do not exist. However, it can be assumed that axially loaded columns are those with relatively small eccentricity, e, of about 0.1h, where h is total depth of the column.

20/04/2014

Types of columns
Based on loading: a. Axially loaded columns b. Eccentrically loaded columns c. Biaxially loaded columns Based on length: a. Short columns b. Long columns Based on shape of the cross-section: Column sections may be square, rectangular, round, Lshaped, octagonal, or any desired shape with an adequate side width or dimension Based on column ties: a. Tied columns b. Spiral columns

Types of columns
Based on frame bracing: Columns may be part of a braced frame or unbraced frame. Based on materials: Reinforced, prestressed,, composite. Concrete columns reinforced with longitudinal reinforcing bars are the most common type used in concrete buildings.

20/04/2014

Behaviour of axially loaded columns

Behaviour of axially loaded columns

20/04/2014

ACI Code limitations

Lower strength reduction factor as compared to flexure and shear due to: a. Strength greatly depends on compressive strength of concrete b. Concrete subjected to more segregation as compared to beams c. Failure of a column is more critical than that of floor beam

ACI Code limitations

20/04/2014

ACI Code limitations

Design of columns

20/04/2014

Design of columns

20/04/2014