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Chapter Wise Theoritical Questions on Solid Waste Management.

Chapter-1 1. Define the following:a. Solid waste b. Solid Waste management c. Integrated Solid Waste Management d. Assimilation capacity What are the basic information needed for ISWM design? Draw and explain hierarchy of Integrated Solid Waste Management. Enlist +ve and –ve features of German project. How did solid waste management develop? Explain in the context of Nepalese society and global context. Draw material flow and waste generation diagram.

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Chapter-2 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. What are the factors affecting solid waste generation What are the types of solid waste according to: - source, component composition and regulatory definitions. What are the major physical and chemical and biological properties of solid waste? Explain any three of them. How is heat value calculated? What are the methods of estimation of solid waste quantities?

Chapter-3 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. How is solid waste managed in low, high and medium rise buildings? Describe in brief the types of collection system. What are the major container systems? Explain What is transfer station? When is it necessary? What are the design considerations for Transfer station? What are the types of Transfer station?

Chapter-4 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Explain three types of land filling methods. What are the factors considered in selection of landfill site? With a neat sketch draw a section of a landfill and explain its major parts. Draw a figure of a landfill site indicating different allocation area. Write short notes on a. Biological decomposition process in landfill. b. Water balance in landfill c. Liner system for leachate control d. Purposes and after use of final cover e. Environmental quality monitoring in landfill What are the factors influencing waste degradation in landfill. Define leachate? How is it managed in a landfill site?

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Chapter- 5 1. 2. How can waste be minimised through input, processing and output changes? What is MRF? Write short notes on:a. MRF for paper recycling. b. MRF for recycling plastics c. MRF for recycling non ferrous metals d. Incinerator e. Composting(Bin, Windrow or in vessel) f. Bio-chemical reaction in waste What are the various methods adopted for the recovery of waste in Nepal?