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AMPHIBIANS- Group3 (Annette&Suyen)2

AMPHIBIANS- Group3 (Annette&Suyen)2

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Published by Lyana Ahmad
form 4 chapter 7
form 4 chapter 7

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Categories:Types, Presentations
Published by: Lyana Ahmad on Apr 27, 2014
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04/27/2014

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The Respiratory Structure and Breathing Mechanism of Amphibians

. The lungs of the frogs consist of a pair of thin-walled sacs connected to the mouth through an opening called glottis.The respiratory structure of a frog The gaseous exchange occurs mainly through the skin and in the lungs.

facilitate rapid and efficient exchange of gases between the skin & the environment .Adaptation of the skin for the gaseous exchange 1.The skin is kept moist by glands found on the surface of the body .Beneath the skin is a network of blood capillaries -To receive oxygen and transport it to the body cells 3.The skin is thin and highly permeable -To allow the absorption of respiratory gases into the blood capillaries 2.

To increase the surface area for gases exchange 2.Covered with a rich network of blood capillaries .The membrane of the lungs are thin and moist .Facilitate the efficient diffusion of respiratory gases in and out rapidly .Adaptation of the lung for gaseous exchange 1.To receive oxygen an transport it to the body cells 3.The surface area for gases exchange is increased by numerous inner partition .

The lungs expand and with rapid movements of the bucco-pharyngeal floor in the frog. The increase air pressure forces air into the lungs. the nostrils are closed.The breathing mechanism of frogs Inhalation As a frog breathes through its nostrils. the buccopharyngeal floor is lowered and the glottis closes. Air is drawn into the bucco-pharyngeal cavity. fresh air is accumulated for lung ventilation . When the glottis opens.

.Exhalation • When the lungs muscles contract. air is expelled from the lungs.

5. the…….and also with the help of abdominal pressure. is closed and the stale air remains in the lungs.When the glottis opens..The lungs……. and with rapid movements of buccopharyngeal floor. 2.The increased air pressure forces air into the lungs.1. this will accumulate fresh air for ………… When the lungs muscles ………. air is ……. cavity through the nostrils. are closed. .The ……. 3. the air is drawn into the ……………..During inhalation.. 4.is expelled from the lungs.

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