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BIOLOGI
Kertas L September
1 Y4 Jam
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MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2OL3

Paper I One hour and fifteen minutes

BIOLOGY

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEI{INGGA DIBERTTAHU


Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa.
Soalan dalam bahasa Inggeris mendahului soalan yang sepadan dalam bahasa Melayu.

1.

2. J.

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Diagram I shows a plant cell. Rajah I menunJuklwn satu sel tumbr*ltan.

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Diagram I Rajah I

which part labelled A, B, c or D is the plasma membrane? Antara bahagian yang berlabel A, B, C atau D, yang manalcah membran plasma?

2.

The following information refers to organelle Maklumat berilatt merujuk kepada organel y.
o

y.

flight muscle cells of flying insect Dijumpai dengan banyak di dalam sel otot penerbangan serangga Enable the movement of sperm cells Membolehkan pergerakan sel sperma

F-ound abundantly in the

What is organelle Y? Apakah organel Y?

Chloroplast Kloroplas Ribosome Ribosom

Mitochondrion Mitokondria
Golgi Apparatus Jasad Golgi

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3.

Diagram 2 shows a carrot plant. Rajah 2 menunjukkan tumbuhan tobak.

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Diagram 2 Rajah 2 What is structure Y in cell organisation? Apakah struktur Y di dalam organisasi sel?

Cell Sel
Tissue Tisu

Organ

Organ D
System
Sistem

4'

Which substances is transported across the plasma membrane by facilitated diffirsion? Bahan manakah diangkut merentasi membran plasma secara resapan berbantu?

Oxygen Oksigen Fatty acid Asid lemak

Glucose

Glukoso Water

Air

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What are the main compositions of the plasma menibft[s,of;a cell? Apakah komposisi utama membran plasma bagt satris-elf ur:' ,

Lipids, proteins and carbohydrates Lipid, protein dan karbohidrat


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Proteins and carbohydrates

Protein dan karbohidrat C

Lipids and carbohydrates Lipid dan karbohidrat Lipids and protein Lipid dan protein

6.

What are the major elements in living organisms? Apakah elemen utama di dalam organisma hidup?

Oxygen, hydrogen and carbon Olrsigen, hidrogen dan karbon

Nitrogen, carbon and magnesium Nitrogen, karbon dan magnesium


Oxygen, phosphorus and nitrogen Olaigen, fosforus dan nitrogen Potassium, hydrogen and nitrogen

Kalium, hidrogen dan nitrogen

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Which of the following is the role of carbohydrates in animal cells? Antara yqng berikut, yang manakah peranan karbohidrat dalam

sel haiwan?

As enzymes Sebagai enzim


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As energy store Sebagai simpanan tenaga

Involved in passive transport Terlibat dalam pengangkutan pasif


Component of the animal cell wall Komponen dinding sel haiwan

8.

Diagram 3 shows the reaction of an enzyme on sucrose. Rajah 3 menunjukkan tindakbalas satu enzim ke atas sulrrosa.

ffi:*
Diagram Rajoh 3 What are P, Q, R and S? Apakah P, Q, R dan S?
P
3

FSucrose

.Tfls

A
B
C D

a
Sucrase
Sulcrase

R
Glucose Glukosa Glucose Glukosa Glucose Glukosa Glucose Glukosa

Fructose

Sulrrosa
Sucrase Sulrrase Sucrose

FruHosa
Glucose Glukosa Galactose

Sucrose Sulrrosa Sucrase

Sulqosa
Sucrase
Sulcrase

Sulvase
Sucrose

Sulqosa

Galahosa Maltose Maltosa

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Diagram 4 shows a cell cycle. Rajah 4 menunjukkan satu kitar sel.

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Diagram 4 Rajah 4 Which stage does DNA replication takes place? Peringlrat manakah replikasi DNA berlalai

A
C

G1

BG2 DM

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Diagram 5 shows a stage in meiosis. Rajah 5 menunjukkan peringkat meiosis.

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Diagram 5 Rajah 5

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What is the stage of meiosis shown? Apalrah peringkat meiosis yang ditunjukkan?

Prophase I

Profasa C

I
I
D

Metaphase

I I

Metafasa

Anaphase

Telophase Telofasa

Anafasa

11.

Which of the following is an example of autotrophic nutition? Antara berilatt, yang manakah contoh nutrisi autotrofik?

Holozoic Holozoik
Chemoautotrophs

Parasitism Parasitisme

Kemoautotrofik

Saprophytism Saprofitisme

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Diagram 6 shows a food pyramid. Rajah 6 menunjukkan piramid makanan.

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Level L Aras L Level M Aras M

Diagram 6 Rajah 6 Which level of food should be consumed in the least amount? Aras malranan yang manalcah perlu diambil paling sedikit?

Level J Aras J

Level K Aras K D Level M Aras M

Level L Aras L

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The following result was obtained during an experiment to determine the calorie content of a coconut flesh. Keputusan berilatt diperoleh semosa satu eksperimen untuk menentulran kandungan Iralori isi kelapa.
Mass of water in boiling tube (g) 20.a

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Jisim air di dolam tabung didih


Mass of coconut flesh (g)

(9,)

0.5

Jisim

isi kelapa (S) 28

Initital temperature of water (oC) Suhu awal air (oC)


Final temperature of water ('C) Suhu akhir air (Cl [Specific heat of water : 4.2 g-l "C] lMuatan haba tentu oir 4.2 gt "Cl

90

Calculate the energy value of the coconut flesh. Hrtunglrnn nilai tenaga isi kelapa tersebut.

A C

0.03 kJ s-' 1.04 kJ s-'

B D

0.59 kJ s-'
10.41 kJ g-'

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A boy is suffering from
amount by him? marasmus. What

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Seorang budak lelaki telah menghidap penyakit marasmus. Apakah makanan yang perlu diambil dalam kuantiti yang banyak oleh kanak-kanak itu?

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Bread

Roti C
Steamed fish

Curry puff Karipap Fried rice Nasi goreng

Ilran kukus
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I5.

Diagram 7 shows the structure of chloroplast. Rajah 7 menunjukkan struhur satu kloroplas.

Diagram 7 Rajah 7 What is the reactions occur in R? Apakah tindakbalas yang berlaku di R?

C D

hydrogen Karbon dioksida + hidrogen Hydrogen ion + electron Ion hidrogen + eleWron Hydroxyl group + hydroxyl group Ktmpulan hidrolail + Ktmpulan hidroksil
Glucose * oxygen Glulcosa + oksigen

Carbon dioxide

-----+

Glucose * water Glukosa + air

Hydrogen atom Atom hidrogen Oxygen * water Olwigen * air Carbon dioxide * energy * water Karbon dioksida + tenaga + air

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Diagram 8 shows apartof human digestive system. Raiah I menuniukkan sebahagian daripada sistem pencernaan manusia.

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B C

Diagram Rajah

which part A, B, c or D produces an enzyme that hydrolysed fats? Antara bahagian A, B, C atau D, yang manakah menghasilkan enzim yang
menghi dr ol is is kan I emak?

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Diagram 9 shows the apparatus set up for an experiment. Rajah 9 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk satu elaperimen.
5 drops of hydrochloric acid added to test tube J, K and L 5 titik asid hidroklorik ditambah pada tabung uji r, K dan L

Water bath oC at37 Rendaman air pada oC suhu 37

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1 cm3

boiled

protease

protease yang dididihkan


cm3

cm3 suspension

of egg-white 2 cm' ampaian putih telur Diagram 9 Rajah 9

Which of the following probably the result of the experiment? Antara berilatt, yang manakah mungkin keputusan elaperimen itu? Test tube Tabang uji

J A
Clear Jernih CIear

K
Clear

L
Clear

M
CIear

Jernih Cloudy Keruh Cloudy Keruh

Jernih Cloudy Keruh Cloudy Keruh Clear Jernih

Jernih Cloudy Keruh Clear Jernih Cloudy Keruh

Jernih Clear Jernih Cloudy Keruh


Clear

Jernih

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Table 1 shows the nutrient content in two types of food. Jadual I menuniukkan kandungan nutrien bagi dua jenis makanan.

Food Makanan
P

Nutrient content (%) Kandangan nutrien (%o) R a


80.0 17.0

s
6.0 80.0

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glass of chocolate

milk

10.0

4.0
0.0

Segelas susu coldat

A bar of butter
Sebuku mentega

3.0

Table 1 Jadual I

What is represented by P, Q, R and S? Apalrah yang diwakili oleh P, g R dan S?


P

a
Water

R
Carbohydrate

A
B
C D

Protein Protein Water

Fat

Air
Protein Protein
Fat

Karbohidrat
Fat

Air
Carbohydrate

Lemak Protein Protein Water

Lemak Carbohydrate Karbohidrat Water

Karbohidrat Protein Protein

Lemak Carbohydrate Karbohidrat

Air
Fat

Air

Lemak

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Table 2 shows the result of an experiment to determine the vitamin C content in 1emon juice.

Jadual 2 menuniukkan keputusan eksperimen untuk menentukan kandungan vitamin C di dalam jus limau. Sample Sampel
0.L % ascorbic acid 0.1 % asid askorbik Lemon juice Jus limau Table 2 4.9

volume needed to decolorise L mI of DCPIP solution (mt) rsipadu yang diperlukan untak melunturkan I ml larutan DCPIP (*0
1.0

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Jadual 2
Calculate the concentration of vitamin C in the lemon juice. Hitung kepekatan vitamin C di dalam jus limau.

A C
20.

0.20

*g

cm-3

B D

0.49 mg cm-3

2.0 mgcm-3

4.9 mgcm-3

What is the respiratory structure of Amoeba sp? Apalrnh permukaan respirasi Amoeba sp?

A C

Pseudopodium Pseudopodia

B D

Food vacoule Vakoul makanan


Plasma membrane

Contractile vacoule Vakoul mengecut

Membran plasma

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The following equation shows anaerobic respiration in yeast. Persamaan berikut menunjukkan respirasi anaerob di dalam yis.

Glucose S +Energy+Carbondioxide Glukosa Tenaga Karbon dioksida


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What is S? Apakah S?

Water

Air
C Oxygen Oksigen D

Ethanol Etanol

Lactic acid Asid laWik

22.

Diagram 10 shows a graph of the rate of carbon dioxide exchange in a plant. Rajah l0 menunjukkan graf kador pertukaran karbon dioksida dalam satu tumbuhan.

Rate of carbon dioxide exchange

Kadar pertukaran karbon dioksida

Intake of carbon dioxide


P
e

ngamb il an karb on di o ks i da Release of carbor

il;;

Lieht intensity
Keamatan cahaya

P emb eb

asan karb on dioks ida

Diagram 10 Rajah l0

Which of the point A, B, C or D shows the rate of photosynthesis is lower than the rate of respiration? Antara titik A, B, C atau D, yang manakah menunjukkan kadar fotosintesis lebih rendah dari kadar respirasi?

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Diagram 11 shows four test tubes being set up to determine the relationship between respiration and photosynthesis. Rajah I1 menunjuklmn empat tabung uji yang telah disediakan untuk menentukan hubungan antara proses respirasi dan fotosintesis.

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Black box Kotak hitam


Pond snail Siput kolam Pond water Air kolam Pond weed Rumpai kolam Test tube A Tabung uji A Test tube B Tabung uji B

Sunlight Cahaya matahari

Sunlight Cahaya matahari

//
Pond snail Siput lalam Pond water Air kolam Pond weed Rumpai kolam Test tube C Tabung uji C Test tube D Tabung uji D

Diagram Rajah I

11

Which test tube A, B, C or D would contain the highest concentration of carbon


dioxide after 30 minutes? Antara tabung uji A, B, C atau D, yang manakah mengandungi kepekatan korbon diolcida paling tinggi selepas 30 minit?

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Two species of organisms have a relationship where only one organism benefit
and another one neither gain nor lose.

II lrn

Dua spesis organisma mempunyai satu hubungan dimana hanya satu organisma mendapat faedah manakala satu lagi tidak untung atau rugt.
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Based on the information given, nrme the type of interaction. Berdasarkan maklumat diberi, namakan jenis interalrsi itu?

Saprophytism Saprofitisme

Commensalism Komensalisme D
Parasitism Parasitisme

Mutualism Mutualisme

25.

Diagram 12 shows the hierarchy in the classification of organisms. Rajah 12 menunjukkan hiraki dalam pengkelasan organisma.

-=+
Diagram 12 Rajah I2 What is R? Apakah R?

Class

Kelas C Phylum Filum D

Family FamiIi Kingdom Alam

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Diagram 13 shows a graph of the number of organisms against time. Rajah l3 menunjukkan graf bilangan organisma melawon masa.

Number of organisrn Bilangan organisma


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Organism X Organisma X Organism Y Organisma Y

Diagram 13 Rajah 13 What are the organism X and Y? Apalrah organisma X dan Y?

x
Cat

Y
Rat

A
B C D

Ktcing
Tiger Harimau Eagle Helang Chicken Ayam

Tihts
Goat

Kambing
Snake

Ular Fox Musang

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Diagram 14 shows a part of Rhizophora ^1p plant. Rajah 14 menunjukkan sebahagian tumbuhan Rhizopora sp.

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Diagram 14 Rajah 14 What is K? Apakah K?

A C

Cable root

Prop root Akor jangkang

Akar kabel
Butress root

Akar banir

Fibrous root Alrar serabut

28.

The following information shows one of the reaction in the nitrogen cycle. Maklumat berikut menunjukkan satu tindakbalas dalam kitar nitrogen. Bacteria

Nitrite _BqkteriaX- Nitrate Nitrit Niffat ---_'


What is bacteria X? Apalrnh bakteria X?

A C

Rhizobium sp. Nitrosomonas sp.

B D

Nostoc sp.

Nitrobacter sp.

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The following information shows a series of events that lead to eutrophication. Maklumat berikut menunjukkon turutan kejadian yang menyebabkan eutrofiknsi.

- Dead algae decomposed by bacteria

Alga yang mati diurailcan oleh bakteria


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- Excess fertilizer flows into river


-

Baja yang berlebihan mengalir ke dalam sungai

Rapid growth of algae Pertumbuhan alga yang mendadak Dissolved oxygen decreases, BOD value increases Olrsigen terlarut berkurangan, nilat BOD meningkat

Arrange the information in the correct sequence. Susun maHumat dalam turutan yang betul.

A B

a->R--->P a--+P

R--+S

c
D

R--+a
P

P;s

--+ S ---+ a ---+ R

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Table 3 shows the time taken for methylene blue solution to decolorise in three different water samples. Jadual 3 menuniuklmn masa yang diambil untuk melunturkan larutan metilena biru dalam tiga sampel air yang berlainan.

Water sample
Sampel air

Time taken for methylene blue solution to decolorise (hour) ll'Iasa yang diambil untuk melunturkan larutan metilena biru (iam)
5 3

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a
R

Methylene blue solution remain unchange Larutan metilena biru tidak berubah

Table 3 Jadual 3

which of the following may be the water samples p, e and R? Antara berihtt, yang manalcah mungkin sampel air p, e dan R?
P

a
Lake water

R
Piped water

Drain water Air longkang Drain water Air longkang


Pond water

Air tasik
Piped water

Air paip
Lake water

Air paip
Drain water Air longlcang
Piped water

Air tasik
Piped water

Air kolam
D
Pond water

Air paip
Drain water Air longkang

Air

lcolam

Air paip

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Diagram 15 shows environmental phenomenon in an industrial area. RQah I 5 menunjukkan fenomena alam sekitar di satu kawasan perindustrian.
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Diagram 15 Rajah 15
Name the phenomenon. Namalwn fenomena ters ebut.

Acid rain Hujan asid


Greenhouse effect

Global warming Pemanasan global

Kesan rumah hijau

Thinning of ozone layer Penipisan lapisan ozon

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Diagram 16 shows the longitudinal section of human heart. Rajah 16 menunjukkan keratan membujur jantung manusia.

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Diagram 16 Rajah 16 What is X? Apakah X?

Left atrium Atrium kiri Left ventricle Ventrikel kiri

Right atrium Atrium lanan Right ventricle Ventrikel kanan

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33.

AIDS is a disease which result from infection of HIV virus that attack human immune
system.

AIDS adalah satu penyakit yang disebabkan oleh virus HIV yang menyerang sistem
lceimunan manusia.

w 16

7 rt

,:$

Which of the following is HIV virus? Antara berihtt, yang manakah virus HIV?

B E
ts
f'J

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AB

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Diagram 17 is a graph which shows the concentration of a certain antibody in the blood. Rajah 17 ialah graf yang menunjukkan kepekntan antibodi tertentu di dalam darah.
Concentration of antibody Kepekatan antibodi

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A
I I

A
I

Time Masa

First injection Suntilran pertama

Second injection

Suntikan kpdua

Diagram 17 Rajah l7

Name the type of immunity shown by the graph. Namalran jenis keimunan yang dituniuklcan oleh graf

Naturally acquired active immunity Ke imunan aWif s emul ai adi Naturally acquired passive immunity Ke imunan p as if s emul aj adi

Artificially acquired active immunity


Keimunan aktif buatan

Artificiatly acquired passive immunity


Keimunan pasif buatan

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Diagram l8 shows the mechanism of blood clotting. Rajah 18 menunjukkan meknnisme pembekuan darah.

35.

Clumped platelets Gumpalan platlet


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Calcium ion Ion kalsium

Vitamin K Vitamin K

Fibrinogen Fibrinogen

Fibrin Fibrin
Diagram 18 Rajah 18
What are P, Q and R? Apalrah P, Q dan R?
P

a
Prothrombin Protrombin Thrombin Trombin Thrombokinase Trombokinase Thrombin Trombin

R Thrombin Trombin
Thrombokinase Trombokinase

A
B

C
D

Thrombokinase Trombokinase Prothrombin Protrombin Thrombin Trombin Thrombokinase Trombokinase

Protlrombin Protrombin Prothrombin Protrombin

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Diagram 19 shows the longitudinal section of a hinge joint. Rajah 19 menunjukkan keratan membujur sendi engsel.

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Diagram 19 Rajah I9 What is the function of M? Apalcahfungsi M?

To give support Untuk memberi sokongan


To

joint two bones together

Untuk menghubunglcan dua tulang

To connect muscles to bone Untuk menghubungkan otot dan tulang To reduce friction between two bones Untuk mengurangkan geserqn antara dua tulang

37.

Which tissues support herbaceous plant? Tisu manakah menyokong tumbuhan herba?

Parenchyma and collenchyma tissue Tisu parenkima dan kolenkima Parenchyma and sclerenchyma tissue Tisu parenkima dan sklerenkima

Collenchyma and sclerenchyma tissue Tisu lrolenkima dan sklerenkima


Aerenchyma and parenchyma tissue Tisu aerenkima dan parenkima
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What is the function of antidieuretic hormone (ADH) to the distal convulated tubule and the collecting duct in the kidney? Apalrah fungsi hormon antidiuresis (ADH) kepada tubul berlingftar distal dan tubul pengumpul dalam ginj al?

Reabsorption of sodir,rm P enyerapan s emul q natrium Reabsortion of water Penyerapan semula air

Reabsorption of glucose P enyerapan s e mula gluko s a

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Reabsorption of urea Penyerapan semula urea

39.

Diagram 20 shows a synapse at the nerye ending. Rajah 20 menunjukkan sinaps pada hujung saraf,,

Subtance

Synaptic vesicle Vesilrpl sinaps

Bahan

X
Diagram 20 Rojah 20

What is substance X? Apalrah bahan

Adrenaline Adrenalin Gibberelin Giberelin

Ethylene Etilen Noradrenaline Noradrenalin

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Diagram 21 shows parts of the human brain. Rajah 2I menunjukJcan bahagian-bahagian otak manusia.

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Diagram 21 Rajah 2I What is P? Apaknh P?

Cerebrum
Serebrum

Cerebellum Sereblum

Hypothalamus Hipotalamus

Medulla oblongata Medula oblongata

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healthy individual taking meal containing starch. Which of the following graph shows the change of glucose and insulin leve1 in his blood? Seorang individu yang sihat mengambil sajian malmnqn mengandungi kanji. Antara berikut, yang manakah menunjukkan perubahan bagi aras glukosa dan insulin di dalam darohnya?
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Glucose Glukosa

Insulin Insulin

A
Concenfration in blood Kepekatan dalam darah

B
Concentration in blood Kepekatan dalam darah

Time Masa C Concenhation in blood Kepekatan dalam darah


D Concentration in blood
Kepelcatan dalam darah

Time Masa

Time Masa

Time Masa

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An experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of auxin on the response of bean coleoptiles. Which of the following coleoptiles A, B, C or D will bend towards light after 2 days? Satu eksperimen dijalankan untuk menguji kesan auksin ke atas koleoptil kacang. Antara koleoptil A, B, C atau D, yang manaknh aknn membengkok ke arah cahayo
selepas 2 hari?
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Light

,/
,// x

Light
B

Cahaya

f l-

rnX ,'**"
Mica plate

IKepiiganmika
Light
Cahaya

Lisht
Cahaya

4*proof

cover Penutup cahaya

Mica plate Kepingan mika

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Diagram 22 shows a development foetus in human uterus Rajah 22 menunjukkan perlcembangan fetus dalam uterus manusia.

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Diagrarn22
Rajah 22

What is the function of J? Apalrahfungsi J?

Absorb shock Menyerap hentakan


Supply nutrient Membekalkan nutrien Produce progesterone Menghas il lran pr o g e s t er o n Exchange of respiratory gaseous Pertulraran gas respirasi

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Diagram 23 shows a pair of twins. Rajah 23 menunjukkan sepasang kembar.

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Placenta Plasenta

Diagram23 Rajah 2j Which of the following statement is true about the formation of the twins? Antara penyataan berikut, yang manakah benar tentang pembentukan lcembar
tersebut?

One ovum is fertilised by two sperms Satu ovum disenyawalcsn oleh dua sperma One ourm is fertilised by one sperm Satu ovum disenyawalran oleh satu spermct

Two ova are fertilised by two sperms Dua ovum disenyawakan oleh dua sperma Two ova are fertilised by one sperm Dua ovum disenyawakan oleh satu spermq

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Aisyah and Abu have been married for 3 years, but still have no child. It was found that Abu's sperm count is low while Aisyah's fallopian tube is blocked. Aisyah dan Abu telah berkahwin selama 3 tahun, tetapi masih tidak mempunyai anak Didapati kiraan sperma Abu rendah manakala tiub falopia Aisyah tersumbat.
Based on the situation above, what is the best method for Aisyah to get pregnant?
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= =

Berdasarkan situasi di atas, apalah kaedah terbaik yang boleh diambil oleh Aisyah untuk mengandung?

A B C D

Surrogate mother Ibu tumpang

Artificial insemination
Pemanian berhadas
Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) P emindahan gamet intrafalopia Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) P emindahan zi go t intr afal opia

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35 grourth of an organism' Diagram 24 shows the sigmoid curve of bagt pertumbuhan suatu organisma' Rajah 24 menunjukkan lenglatng sigmoid

455llt

Height (cm) Ketinggian

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Time (year) Masa (tahun)

Dia$affl24
Rajah 24

the cell undergoes ageing process? which of the phases A, B, c or D shows proses manakah menuniukkan sel rnengalami Antara fasa A, B, c atau D, yang penuaan?

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Diagram 25 shows the basic unit of DNA molecule. Rajah 25 menunjuklmn unit asas molelatl DNA.

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Diagran25
Rajah 25 What are represented by K L and M? Apakah yang diwakili oleh K, L dan M7

K
A
B C D
Pentose sugar

L
Nitrogenous base
Bes nitrogen Pentose sugar

M
Phosphate group

Gula pentosa

Kumpulanfosfat
Phosphate group

Nihogenous base Bes nitrogen Phosphate group Kumpulan-fosfat Nitrogenous base Bes nitrogen

Gula pentosa
Pentose sugar

Gula pentosa
Phosphate group

Kumpulonfosfat Nitrogenous base Bes nitrogen


Pentose sugar

Kumpulan fosfat

Gula pentosa

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Diagram 26 shows a karyotype of individual K. Rajah 26 menunjukkan karotip individu K.

KK ffiffi ffiffi Kffi


1

^ J

KX
7

xx
t4

IJ

a(x
L9

ffix t(ffi K?f KK KK KX KX KX xx Klg )f ?c t( x )c xx


8

^^ t(x
5
11

Kffi
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10

12

L4

15

I6

t7

18

20

2L

22

,?

Diagram26 Rajah 26
What is individual K? Apalcah individu K?

A B C D

Normal male Lelaki normal Normal female Perempuan normal Down's syndrome male Lelaki sindrom Down Down syndrome female Perempuan sindrom Down

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Diagram 27 shows a pair of homologous chromosomes. Rajah 27 menunjukkan sepasang lcromosom homolog.

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Diagram2T Rajah 27 What is represented by Ee? Apalcah yang diwakili oleh Ee?

Homozigous dominant Homozigot dominan Homozygous allele Alel homozigot

Homozigous recessive Homozigot resesif


Heterozygous allele

Atet hetei;rozigot

50.

Which of the following is true about discontinous variation? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah benar mengenai variasi tidak selanjar?

It has intermediate characters Mempunyai ciri p erantar aan


The character can be measured

Ciri
C

- ciri boleh diuhtr

It is affected by genetic factor only Dipengaruhi oleh faktor genetik sahaj a It is controlled by many genes Dilrawal oleh banyak gen
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