HSUPA Introduction Methodology

Aaron Partouche
Contributors: Karima El Massaoudi, Majid Mneymneh; Hassan El Nahas &
Aaron Partouche

UA5.0 HSxPA Engineering Knowledge Transfer Session
The 13th of December 2006

2

Introduction
• 2 operational methodologies are proposed by Core WNE to introduce
either HSDPA or HSUPA in an entire or a part of the network:
• Before the deployment of both HSDPA & HSUPA in an area without
HSDPA, HSDPA Introduction Methodology and HSUPA Introduction
Methodology have to be performed
• Before the deployment of HSUPA in an area with HSDPA, only
HSUPA Introduction Methodology is mandatory. In this case,
special care on monitoring of HSDPA Performance to determine
areas that needs to be upgraded.
• These methodologies aim at checking if the radio quality and the
capacity are acceptable to reach given HSDPA or HSUPA
Performance targets and to not degrade current traffic
• The results of these methodologies are important outputs in order to
select the most appropriate topology deployment
• Operators will activate HSUPA wherever HSDPA is activated,
therefore this document will focus only on HSUPA Introduction
Methodology

3

HSUPA Introduction Methodology Overview
•The HSUPA Introduction Methodology is consisted on 2 parts:
• Impact assessment of the HSUPA traffic on the current UTRAN Hardware Capacity
system:
• BTS Hardware: addition of at least one e-BBU
• Transport: no impact forecasted since Iub/ Iu/ Iur Backbone already dimensioned for HSDPA
in DL
• Downlink Power: No power control on E-DCH DL common channels, the DL capacity impact
should be limited but it is essential to measure it in case of too high DL Power used by these
channels impacting eventually HSDPA Performance

• Impact of HSUPA traffic on Radio Quality is based on UL Load Management:

UL  1 

RTWP ref
RTWP

• UL RSSI variation has to be estimated before introduction of HSUPA to assess the
Performance of HSUPA and to detect potential optimization issue that could degrade current
traffic

HSUPA Introduction Methodology focuses in priority on UL RSSI stability
assessment & optimization requirements associated and then secondly on
DL Power Capacity assessment
4

Agenda • UL Load Management & MAC-e scheduler Overview • UL RSSI Report done by UIIV • Audit of UL RSSI stability based on Counters & OTCell • UL RSSI Field Examples • Neighboring Analysis Methodology Overview 5 .

5*(RTWPref(Period n)RTWPref(Period n-1)) • else RTWPref “Self learned” = RTWP (Period n) •When RTWP increase reaches 3dB (RoT=3dB).5dB: • then RTWPref “Self learned” = RTWP (Period n-1) + 0.UL Load Management Overview •The Cell UL Load is calculated as follow: ULLoad  1  10  ( RoT ( dB ) / 10) • with Rise over Thermal: RoT=RTWPcur(dBm)-RTWPref(dBm) •RTWPref is calculated by the CALLP CCM as follow: • Take the 20 lowest RTWP values received every 2 seconds during 24 hours if no connection in the considered cell and in the other cells managed in the Node B on the same frequency • Mean value of the 20 lowest RTWP values considered and compare it with the previous value: • If RTWPref(Period n)-RTWPref(Period n-1) >0.5 UL RSSI is a fundamental indicator for UL load estimation 6 . then UL Load=0.

the grants of E-DCH users get down to 0 MAC-e scheduler estimates UL free capacity to maximize traffic scheduled in HSUPA. RoT is above totalRoTMax+ rtwpMargin during a rtwpTimeDetection).MAC-e scheduler Overview • MAC-e schedules the E-DCH users of the cell by providing absolute grants (via E-AGCH channel) • Each UE adapt its HSUPA throughput according to grants received • MAC-e scheduler considers the self-learned RTWPref and the RTWP max sent by the RNC (RTWPmax=totalRoTmax datafilled (currently setting is 6dB)+RTWPreference (currently setting is -106.e.1dBm)) • The main target of the scheduler is to grant UE’s so that total UL Load stays near the target load (totalRoTMax). but not above • In case of radio “overload” (i. If RSSI is too high. HSUPA throughput will be poor 7 .

Contributors of UL RSSI spikes identified by UIIV • UIIV’s report addresses an issue discovered by R&D in iFUN during HSUPA preliminary studies. • According to UIIV. although this high RSSI issue should explain a part of remaining call drops in impacted areas of networks. that appeared to be also present in various customer networks : • UL RSSI suffers from abnormal spikes and excessive levels than can last between seconds to minutes. • Network parameters • Missing cell declaration in neighboring • RACH open loop parameter consistent but without security bounding • Software issue in BTS and UE • 2 physical layer issues discovered in NodeB • 2 issues discovered in tested UE • Hardware cabling issue • TRM RX cable swap between sector in base station 8 . contributors to RSSI spikes and high levels can be classified in three categories. UL Load was not yet the focus. • Current networks still not reached their UL load limit.

30dB RSSI spike is generated during 30ms.2.2 UA4.5 is not currently deployed UIIV is expecting that operation teams identify missing neighbor cells & update the neighbor datafilled cells 9 . Very low occurrence Impact ! Critical ! Side OAM Status To be fixed in live networks Solution New scan of neighborhood in impacted areas. Correction initially forecast Major Major BTS BTS Fix in progress Fixed with MNCL load 6 in V4.Issue list and contribution to RSSI degradation ½ According to UIIV’s report Ranked Cause Detail Missing neighbor cell declaration Missing declaration in OMC.2 Corrected with MNCL load 5 in V4. Spurious RL RESTORE at establishment High occurrence. 30ms NodeB blindness when setting up new leg.

UE occurence Operational teams have to check RX cables connectivity and may have to change RACH configuration parameter setting 10 . If suspected occurrence Incoherent behavior in UE at establishment.Issue list and contribution to RSSI degradation 2/2 According to UIIV’s report Ranked Cause Detail RACH procedure crossing cell reselection 10ms RSSI spike. To be checked in live networks Critical But Low Recommended Solution BTS Swap cables or change cable if deficient. Major Last several 100ms. RACH parameter configuration In case of UE issue. Problem with existing UEs. But huge RSSI spike when occurring. Impact Major Side UE Status Fix in progress impact reduced by parameters New parameters Medium OAM Investigation finished but no solution provided. RX cables swap In Base Station Spike now limited by new RACH parameter recommendation. no limitation of maximum RACH power was defined. Apply parameters in networks. Change UPUG values. But low Not fixed No investigation leaded. For example Cell0 UL is cabled in Cell1 and reverse for cell 1. Very low occurrence.

RACH configuration All sites eligible for HSUPA Sites with Hardware issue Step 1: Audit of UL RSSI based on counters Sites ready for HSUPA Sites with external source of interferences Step 2: OTCell analysis of the UL RSSI issue Sites with long UL RSSI increase and high risk for HSUPA Sites with short UL RSSI increase and low risk for HSUPA Suspicion issues: . unbalanced paths UL/DL or RX cables swap) are corrected before HSUPA activation • Missing Neighboring cell analysis in UA4.BTS Software issue not already corrected . WNE teams have to ensure that the identified operational issues (Missing Neighbors.Operational Impact • Except for the BTS software issue.2 in a large area (such RNC’s area) requires an extremely high amount of call trace collected that have to be post-processed by internal tool  Not realistic in a short term analysis • Therefore it will be mandatory to audit first UL RSSI in all cells eligible for HSUPA and removing cells without UL RSSI increase • The UL RSSI audit analysis will be based on: • Step 1: Based on RSSI counters.Missing Neighbor declared -Unbalanced paths UL/ DL .Bad behavior of UE . classification of the issue & assessment of the HSUPA risk 11 Suspicion issues: .RX cables swap . determine all the cells with RSSI instability • Step 2: Based on OTCell+RFO.

per frequency. per frequency.[Avg]) • Maximum Wide-Band Rx Main Power (dBm) = -120+10*Log(#10201.[Max]) • Metrics Library & thresholds associated will be provided by Core WNE based on the RSSI counters to detect quickly cells with frequent abnormal increase of UL RSSI The average UL RSSI provided by counters are averaged in linear and are so highly impacted by very high and short UL RSSI spikes generated by BTS Software issue  Call Trace activation required to distinguish RSSI Issues 12 .2.2? • In UA4.How to detect UL RSSI peaks based on counters in UA4.[Avg]) Max UL RSSI (dBm) = -112+10*Log(#0303. at the Rx diversity channelizer (sampled every 100 ms) • Average Wide-Band Rx Main Power (dBm) = -120+10*Log(#10202.2) mW Average UL RSSI (dBm) = -112+10*Log(#0303. 3 counters are available to estimate the UL RSSI per cell: • Via the RNC Counter #0303 VS.[Avg]) • Maximum Wide-Band Rx Main Power (dBm) = -120+10*Log(#10202.RadioWBandRxDivPwr: • Definition: min/ max/ linear average wide-band received power per sector.RadioWBandRxMainPwr: • Counter definition: min/ max/ linear average wide-band received power per sector.UplinkRssi (available every 15 min): • • • • Counter definition: Uplink RSSI received from NBAP common measurement per cell Counter unit: 10^(-11.[Max]) • Via the 2 BTS Counters (available every 60 min) • Counter #10201 VS.[Max]) • Counter #10202 VS. at the Rx main channelizer (sampled every 100 ms) • Average Wide-Band Rx Main Power (dBm) = -120+10*Log(#10201.

How to distinguish UL RSSI peaks based on Call Trace in UA4. it is recommended to trace only NBAP Common Measurement: OTCell template will be provided by Core WNE • UL RSSI per cell variation is available depending on the periodicity of NBAP common measurement: • RSSI with periodicity of 500 ms recommended • Please find in this table the maximum number of cells that can be traced simultaneously: RFO KPI & thresholds associated will be provided by Core WNE to distinguish UL RSSI short spikes and UL RSSI long increase that could impact HSUPA Performance 13 .2? • OTCell traces can collect UL RSSI measurement from NBAP common measurement and then obtain UL RSSI per cell through RFO post-processing • In order to limit the amount of data collected.

5% G660sU1 with-99.0% [-98 dBm.3% 16.UplinkRssi.2% 95.2% 6. -99 dBm[ 2.4% [-100 dBm.8 dBm G009sU2 & G663sU3 with -97 dBm 68. -97 dBm[ [-97 dBm.5% 1.0% 1. -97 dBm[ [-102 dBm. from 06/11 to 26/11 100% 98.5% 99. -101 dBm[ [-103 dBm.6% 83.1% [-100 dBm. -103 dBm[ [-105 dBm. -96 dBm[ 3.6% 6.8% 10% 0.0% [-102 dBm. -100 dBm] 0. -101 dBm[ [-103 dBm.9% 21.9 dBm 23.0% 0.2% 90% [-109 dBm. -102 dBm[ [-104 dBm.4% 8.4% [-101 dBm. -108 dBm[ 14 100.4% 0.5% 0. -104 dBm[ [-106 dBm. -105 dBm[ [-107 dBm.3% 0.0% 99.4% 99. -106 dBm[ [-108 dBm. -108 dBm[ •Need to check alarm for cells below –107dBm  hardware issue suspected 99.9 dBm 33.5 dBm 50% 40% 38.2 dBm Min UL RSSI of UNE4069R is -97.8% 0.Min[dBm]) 70% Min UL RSSI of UNE4069R is -101.3% 23.6% [-101 dBm. -107 dBm[ Distribution of Minimum UL RSSI in Mobilkom's RNC.3% 0.4% below -109dBm •The minimum UL RSSI is quite variable: most of cells between 109 dBm and -102 dBm in the 2 networks 100% .7% 30% 28.0% 0% 5.1% 0. -98 dBm[ 0.5% 20% 12.2% 100. -99 dBm[ 0% 8.1% 10% 5. -100 dBm] 0.2% 50% 40% Min UL RSSI of UNE4069R is -99.5% [-99 dBm.0% 17.Field example 1: Distribution of minimum UL RSSI in MBK & Partner Distribution of Minimum UL RSSI in Partner's RNC.3 dBm 60% 50. -106 dBm[ [-108 dBm.5% 99% of cells between -109 dBm and -102 dBm 80% 70% G719sU1 &U2 with: -101 dBm & -100. -102 dBm[ [-104 dBm.4% 6. -98 dBm[ [-98 dBm.0% 99.2% 98.4% 0.0% [-99 dBm.1% 30% 30.0% 0. -103 dBm[ [-105 dBm. -104 dBm[ [-106 dBm.1% 90% 86. from 15/11 to 21/11 •The metric used in this field example is: Daily average of min RSSI = Avg (VS.8% 96.6% 0. -105 dBm[ [-107 dBm.9% 98.8% 20% 15.6% 60% G866sU3 with -97.6% 99.9% 99% of cells between -109 dBm and -102 dBm 80% below -109dBm •Cells with high minimum UL RSSI are also identified in case of external interferences 99. -107 dBm[ [-109 dBm.

2% 60% G397sU2&U3. 5 dB[ [3 dB.8% 87.8% 0.6% 95.5% 9.7% 18.0%11. 2 dB[ [0 dB. 4 dB[ [2 dB.8% 1.1% 9.9% 22. from 15/11 to 21/11 100% . 8 dB[ [6 dB.3% 8. 20 dB[ [10 dB.2% 8.1% 7. 5 dB[ [3 dB. 25 dB[ [15 dB.0% 98. 9 dB[ [7 dB.2% 80 cells with Daily Delta UL RSSI >10dB 45.6% 97. 8 dB[ [8 dB.Min[dBm]) •Based on the counters very high number of cells with Daily delta UL RSSI above 3 dB 12% of cells with daily delta UL RSSI > 10dB 55% of cells with daily delta UL RSSI > 6dB 90% 80% 88.5% 6.4% 21.3% 4.3% 80% G397sU1.3% 10.1% 6.5% 2. 1 dB[ •UL RSSI stability will change significantly depending on the network: • Only 20% of cells with Daily delta UL RSSI below 3dB in Partner while 63% in Mobilkom • 55% of cells with Daily delta UL RSSI in Partner while only 4% in MBK • 12% with Daily Delta UL RSSI in Partner while 0% in MBK Distribution of Daily Delta UL RSSI (dB) in Partner's RNC. 7 dB[ [5 dB.8% 10% 8. G669sU1 & G257sU2 44.5% 30% 28.7% 5.2% 1. 2 dB[ Distribution of Daily delta UL RSSI in Mobilkom's RNC.7% 70% UTC001T. 1 dB[ 15 100. 6 dB[ [4 dB.7% Only 20% of cells with daily delta UL RSSI < 3dB 60% 50% 62. from 06/11 to 26/11 120% 63% of cells with daily delta UL RSSI < 3dB 100% 79.Avg[dBm]) .6% 40% G257sU1 & G848sU3 21.9% 93. 6 dB[ [4 dB.8% 0% [20 dB. 7 dB[ [7 dB.9% 20% 16. 4 dB[ [2 dB. 3 dB[ [1 dB.6% 1. 9 dB[ [9 dB.1% 0. 10 dB[ [8 dB.Field example 2: Distribution of Daily Delta UL RSSI in MBK & Partner •The metric used in this field example is: Daily delta UL RSSI = Max(VS.8% [0 dB.UplinkRssi.2% 40% 37. UTC003S & UWE3063R 67.2% 21.5% 98.Avg (VS.2% 5.5% 53.UplinkRssi. 15 dB[ [9 dB.2% 0. 10 dB[ [10 dB.0% 20% 19. G126sU3 4% of cells with daily delta UL RSSI > 6dB 63.0% 100.2% 0.4% 8. 3 dB[ [1 dB.5% [6 dB. G754sU1. 15 dB[ 0% [5 dB.0% 99.

8% 0.3% [45 min.8% [5h. 45min[ [15min.4% 8.5% 86.4% 96.6% [1h30min.4% [6h. 15min[ [5min.0% 0.3% 10% 1.2% 98.1% 2. 2h[ 3.2% 0% [3h.3% 0% [5min.3% [1h45min. from 06/11 to 26/11 120% 100% 99. 1h30min[ 7.0% 99.8% 40% 31.7% 7.5% 1.3% 60% 22% of cells with more than 1 hour already fully loaded 50% 40% 30% UTC0003R 22.4% 0. 1h15min[ [45 min.1% 100.5% 97. 30min[ [10min.8% [4h.7% 82.4% [30 min.8% 15. 2h15min[ 4. 1h45min[ 6.6% 100.Field example 3: Distribution of the duration with Daily Delta UL RSSI>6dB in MBK & Partner •The metric used in this field example is: Number of 15 minutes per day with delta UL RSSI above 6dB Distribution of Daily Delta UL RSSI (dB) in Partner's RNC.1% 91.7% 99.3% [1h. 10min[ ]0min.9% 6.4% [2h.8% 45.2% 80% Only 97% with less than 1 fully loaded quarter hour 60% 50. 1h[ 2. 4h[ [2h30min. 1h[ [30min. 3h[ [2h15min. 1h 15min[ [15 min.0% 99. from 15/11 to 21/11 100% 90% 70% 78.0% 0. 5min[ 0 min 16 .4% 31.2% 81. 7h[ 4.3% 7. 5h[ 2.1% 62. 6h[ 2.4% 92.0% 94.45 min[ 3.0% [10min. 10min[ ]0min.4% G754sU1 G848sU3 20% 11. 5min[ 0min Distribution of duration with Daily delta UL RSSI>6dB in Mobilkom's RNC. 30 min[ 0.8% Only 22% with less than 1 fully loaded quarter hour 80% 99.9% 22.9% 0.3% 0. 2h30min[ [1h.1% 20% UWE0966S 17.2% [1h15min.1% •Some cells have frequent delta UL RSSI in Partner network but not in the MBK cells audited: • Several Partner’s cells determined with long duration up to 6 hours of Delta UL RSSI above 6dB per day 88. 15min[ • It confirms that UL RSSI stability will change significantly depending on the network UTC0001T & UWE3079S 71.

8% occurrence 23 13 14 2 -106.1 •Nb sample with delta>=3 & 6 are comparable  Cell with UL RSSI due to BTS SW or UE Issue Min RSSI 0.5% 0.8 1.1 Max 32.8 Min 0 total sample 21558 T nbsample with delta>=6 nbsample with delta>=3 Cell UL Load >= 50% Some UL RSSI short spikes up to 30/11 99 165 sample with delta>=6 1 (isolated) 2 (successive) 3 (successive) 33dB 4 (successive) •Most of UL RSSI measurements above 6dB are isolated •Average value of delta RSSI is very low: 0.UL RSSI evolution in MBK worst cells 28/11 min RSSI Cell UL Load>= Rot MAx -106 value of delta (RSSI-min RSSI) mean 0.3 Min 0 Total sample 21461 Nb sample with delta>=6 108 Nb sample with delta>=3 168 .Field Example 4: OTCELL.4 Mean 0.2 Delta (RSSI-minRSSI) 17 0.14 Max 31.

UL RSSI evolution in MBK worst cells 28/11 min RSSI Cell UL Load>= Rot MAx -104.6% sample with delta>=6 1 (isolated) Cell Some UL LoadUL >= RSSI 50% short spikes up to 41dB 2 (successive) •Most of UL RSSI measurements above 6dB are isolated 3 (successive) 4 (successive) •Average value of delta RSSI is medium: 1dB 6 (successive) •Nb sample with delta>=3 is much higher than delta>=6 11( successive) 30/11  Cell with potentially neighboring issue Min RSSI occurrence 113 42 13 2 2 1 -104.1 Min 0 Total sample 21567 Nb sample with delta>=6 349 Nb sample with delta>=3 815 .1 Max 32.2% 993 4.9 Max 40.8 Min 0 total sample 21566 T nbsample with delta>=6 nbsample with delta>=3 266 1.Field Example 5: OTCELL.9 Delta (RSSI-minRSSI) 18 2.2 8.6 value of delta (RSSI-min RSSI) mean 0.3 Mean 1.

Partner.35 dB •Nb sample with delta>=3 is higher than delta>=6  Cell with neighboring issue suspected 19 Mean 2.UL RSSI evolution in Partner worst cells 10/12 Min RSSI -104.8* Delta (RSSI-minRSSI) Some UL RSSI long increase up to 37 dB •Average value of delta RSSI is high: 2.Field Example 6: OTCELL.6 Min 0 Total sample 28582 Nb sample with delta>=6 2328 Nb sample with delta>=3 5863 .35 Max 36.

1E or 1D events based on FET criteria both on detected set and monitored set • However. Some detected cells are monitored in “measuredResults” field without triggering any Event  some detected cells with low EcN0 doesn’t worth to be considered 20 .Detected Set Reporting Feature Overview • The objective of this feature is to help the operator to optimize its neighboring plan • Intra-Frequency Full Event trigger feature is mandatory to enable detected set feature • When detected set feature is activated. the UE triggers 1A. the detected set cells will not be used in the mobility algorithms but it can be considered as potential new neighboring cells. 1C.

FullEvt VS.UplinkRssi.Avg 21/11/2006 20/11/2006 19/11/2006 18/11/2006 17/11/2006 16/11/2006 15/11/2006 •Refer to the example above showing one cell from Partner network with frequently high average UL RSSI  the cell is not declared as neighbor in other cells ….MeasCallFailTraceDetectedCell •Note that the counter shall increment on the primary cell with the missing neighboring cells declared and not in the missing neighboring cell with UL RSSI impacted •If there is representative number of Call Trace Failure indicating detected cell then missing neighbors are suspected and could be a reason of abnormal UL RSSI increase  Neighboring Optimization Analysis (see next slides) -75 .MeasCallFailTraceDetectCell. Missing Neighboring cell declared is suspected then it is recommended to activate detected set feature: • Full Event Trigger activation on the cells • isDetectedSetCellsAllowed Parameter set to “True” …and to monitor the number of call trace failure indicating detected cell during at least 1 week: • counter #1027 VS.How to ensure that it is due neighbor missing? 23:45 23:30 23:15 23:00 22:45 22:30 22:15 22:00 21:45 21:30 21:15 21:00 20:45 20:15 20:00 19:45 19:30 19:15 19:00 18:45 18:30 18:15 18:00 17:45 17:30 17:15 17:00 16:45 16:30 16:15 16:00 15:45 15:30 15:15 15:00 14:45 14:30 14:15 14:00 13:45 13:30 13:15 13:00 12:45 12:30 12:15 12:00 11:45 11:30 11:15 11:00 10:45 10:30 10:15 10:00 09:45 09:30 09:15 09:00 08:45 08:30 08:15 08:00 07:45 07:30 07:15 07:00 06:45 06:30 06:15 06:00 05:45 05:30 05:15 05:00 04:45 04:30 04:15 04:00 03:45 03:30 03:15 03:00 02:45 02:30 02:15 02:00 01:45 01:30 01:15 01:00 00:45 00:30 00:15 00:00 23:45 23:30 23:15 23:00 22:45 22:30 22:15 22:00 21:45 21:30 21:15 21:00 20:45 20:30 20:15 20:00 19:45 19:30 19:15 19:00 18:45 18:30 18:15 18:00 17:45 17:30 17:15 17:00 16:45 16:30 16:15 16:00 15:45 15:30 15:15 15:00 14:45 14:30 14:15 14:00 13:45 13:30 13:15 13:00 12:45 12:30 12:15 12:00 11:45 11:30 11:15 11:00 10:45 10:30 10:15 10:00 09:45 09:30 09:15 09:00 08:45 08:30 08:15 08:00 07:45 07:30 07:15 07:00 06:45 06:30 06:15 06:00 05:45 05:30 05:15 05:00 04:45 04:30 04:15 04:00 03:45 03:30 03:15 03:00 02:45 02:30 02:15 02:00 01:45 01:30 01:15 01:00 00:45 00:30 00:15 00:00 23:45 23:30 23:15 23:00 22:45 22:30 22:15 22:00 21:45 21:30 21:15 21:00 20:45 20:30 20:15 20:00 19:45 19:30 19:15 19:00 18:45 18:30 18:15 18:00 17:45 17:30 17:15 17:00 16:45 16:30 16:15 16:00 15:45 15:30 15:15 15:00 14:45 14:30 14:15 14:00 13:45 13:30 13:15 13:00 12:45 12:30 12:15 12:00 11:45 11:30 11:15 11:00 10:45 10:30 10:15 10:00 09:45 09:30 09:15 09:00 08:45 08:30 08:15 08:00 07:45 07:30 07:15 07:00 06:45 06:30 06:15 06:00 05:45 05:30 05:15 05:00 04:45 04:30 04:15 04:00 03:45 03:30 03:15 03:00 02:45 02:30 02:15 02:00 01:45 01:30 01:15 01:00 00:45 00:30 00:15 00:00 23:45 23:30 23:15 23:00 22:45 22:30 22:15 22:00 21:45 21:30 21:15 21:00 20:45 20:30 20:15 20:00 19:45 19:30 19:15 19:00 18:45 18:30 18:15 18:00 17:45 17:30 17:15 17:00 16:45 16:30 16:15 16:00 15:45 15:30 15:15 15:00 14:45 14:30 14:15 14:00 13:45 13:30 13:15 13:00 12:45 12:30 12:15 12:00 11:45 11:30 11:15 11:00 10:45 10:30 10:15 10:00 09:45 09:30 09:15 09:00 08:45 08:30 08:15 08:00 07:45 07:30 07:15 07:00 06:45 06:30 06:15 06:00 05:45 05:30 05:15 05:00 04:45 04:30 04:15 04:00 03:45 03:30 03:15 03:00 02:45 02:30 02:15 02:00 01:45 01:30 01:15 01:00 00:45 00:30 00:15 00:00 23:45 23:30 23:15 23:00 22:45 22:30 22:15 22:00 21:45 21:30 21:15 21:00 20:45 20:30 20:15 20:00 19:45 19:30 19:15 19:00 18:45 18:30 18:15 18:00 17:45 17:30 17:15 17:00 16:45 16:30 16:15 16:00 15:45 15:30 15:15 15:00 14:45 14:30 14:15 14:00 13:45 13:30 13:15 13:00 12:45 12:30 12:15 12:00 11:45 11:30 11:15 11:00 10:45 10:30 10:15 10:00 09:45 09:30 09:15 09:00 08:45 08:30 08:15 08:00 07:45 07:30 07:15 07:00 06:45 06:30 06:15 06:00 05:45 05:30 05:15 05:00 04:45 04:30 04:15 04:00 03:45 03:30 03:15 03:00 02:45 02:30 02:15 02:00 01:45 01:30 01:15 01:00 00:45 00:30 00:15 00:00 23:45 23:30 23:15 23:00 22:45 22:30 22:15 22:00 21:45 21:30 21:15 21:00 20:45 20:30 20:15 20:00 19:45 19:30 19:15 19:00 18:45 18:30 18:15 18:00 17:45 17:30 17:15 17:00 16:45 16:30 16:15 16:00 15:45 15:30 15:15 15:00 14:45 14:30 14:15 14:00 13:45 13:30 13:15 13:00 12:45 12:30 12:15 12:00 11:45 11:30 11:15 11:00 10:45 10:30 10:15 10:00 09:45 09:30 09:15 09:00 08:45 08:30 08:15 08:00 07:45 07:30 07:15 07:00 06:45 06:30 06:15 06:00 05:45 05:30 05:15 05:00 04:45 04:30 04:15 04:00 03:45 03:30 03:15 03:00 02:45 02:30 02:15 02:00 01:45 01:30 01:15 01:00 00:45 00:30 00:15 00:00 23:45 23:30 23:15 23:00 22:45 22:30 22:15 22:00 21:45 21:30 21:15 21:00 20:45 20:30 20:15 20:00 19:45 19:30 19:15 19:00 18:45 18:30 18:15 18:00 17:45 17:30 17:15 17:00 16:45 16:30 16:15 16:00 15:45 15:30 15:15 15:00 14:45 14:30 14:15 14:00 13:45 13:30 13:15 13:00 12:45 12:30 12:15 12:00 11:45 11:30 11:15 11:00 10:45 10:30 10:15 10:00 09:45 09:30 09:15 09:00 08:45 08:30 08:15 08:00 07:45 07:30 07:15 07:00 06:45 06:30 06:15 06:00 05:45 05:30 05:15 05:00 04:45 04:30 04:15 04:00 03:45 03:30 03:15 03:00 02:45 02:30 02:15 02:00 01:45 01:30 01:15 01:00 00:45 00:30 00:15 00:00 21 2000 -80 1800 1600 -85 1400 1200 1000 -90 -95 800 600 -100 400 200 0 -105 VS.and on the same periods high number of detected cells reported up to 2000  neighboring cells declaration are missing for this primary cell •If based on UL RSSI analysis through OTCell.

Cell1 RSSI increase reflected by the counter#0303 Detected set reported and counter #1027 incremented Cell2 Detected set reported and counter #1027 incremented Direction of moving 22 . active set update is not triggered. but a temporary huge RSSI increase will happen meanwhile.Missing cell in neighborhood Cell2 if not declared in Cell1 neighborhood. When UE is moving from cell 1 to cell2. there is no innerloop to adjust the TX power of UE to correct level for Cell2. UE signal is received very strong by Cell2. The call will drop at the end. Because UE is not in soft handover. When UE is going closer to Cell2.

nortel.com/livelink/livelink.europe.exe?func=ll&obj Id=27467504&objAction=browse&sort=name . that can be found in the Livelink: http://eurlivelink.Neighbor Optimization process Global process Start Point • Core WNE recommends to apply these following steps: • Step 0: Start point Detected set activated CNL deactivated • Activate Event Trigger feature (isEventTriggeredMeasAllowed = True) • Activate detected set feature (isDetectedSetCellsAllowed = True) • Deactivate CNL feature (isCompoundingCellListActivated = False) Missing or No Inactive cell or active compound cell? DRF Update • To detect the inactive neighbor cells which are never in the active set • To detect the missing neighbor cells which are reported in the MR thanks to detected set feature • Inactive neighbor deletion • Missing neighbor addition • Step 3: SC Planning Analysis based on the new CM xml file • Identification of all potential duplicated SC • Proposal of new Scrambling Code for all problem cells • Step 4: CNL activation • Step 5: To go back to Step 1 • To detect Active Compound cells which are often in the active set and which deserves to be direct neighbor of the primary cell 23 Neighbouring analysis part Yes • Step 1: Neighboring Analysis • Step 2: CM xml file update Neighbouring Analysis SC Planning Analysis No SC planning analysis part Duplicated cell? Yes CNL activated ? Yes CNL Deactivation DRF Update No CNL Activation • All the operational details and the thresholds are provided in the reference document Mobility Optimization Guidelines (UMT/IRC/INF/020462 V01/EN).

UA4.2 neighbouring analysis methodology Based on CTg logs collection post-processed by Odinium/ RFO Tool • Odinium tool is already available to do this neighbouring optimization analysis while implementation in RFO tool is on finalization • RFO/ Odinium analysis is based on the CTg traces which can not collect more than 10 simultaneous calls per TMU  to reach the expected reliability criteria. several hours of traces are needed • RFO/ Odinium indicators: • For each primary cell (PC). several indicators are computed for all its monitored cells (nbi): • • • • • Re-Ref/Min: is the primary cell change frequency from PC to nbi ASAdd/min: is SHO leg Addition (nbi) frequency %Active Time: is the proportion of time nbi was in the active set Primary cell duration Detected cell: its SC with number of occurrences and the best EcNo measurement Odinium isn’t supported in mid-term  Neighboring Tuning algorithm in RFO is a mandatory pre-requisite 24 .

For that reason.0 • CTn collects only the mobility data without UE cell measurements. neighbour cell).UA5. CTn will handle much more calls per TMU than the CTg (around 300 calls per TMU) • CTn logs are post processed with a web based internal tool (Wireless Quality Analyzer) connected to a server running on PC hardware: • Generate several reports • Operational time gain • Only “soft handover” report and “detected cell” report will be used for Neighbouring analysis • WQA needs specific PC hardware and software licence • For each couple (primary cell. several useful indicators for neighbouring analysis are computed: • • • • • RL addition: is the equivalent of “ASAdd/min” Odinium metric SHO duration : is the equivalent of %Active Time Odinium metric Outgoing reference change : is the equivalent of “Re-Ref/Min” Odinium metric Neighbouring type (N: neighbour.0 neighbouring analysis methodology Based on CTn Reports from CTn traces • CTn traces will be available for UA5. C: composite) Detected cell: specific report with number of occurrences • Radio Measurements are not considered in CTn to increase the collection capacity  ECN0 reports are not informed when identify detected cells  CTg+RFO still needed to end the analysis Neighboring Tuning Analysis in a large area have to be performed with CTn+WQA for capacity reasons and for saving post-processing time 25 .

01 -105.01 0.01 0.02 0.85 s325 x232 -8 0.62 s18 x417 -6 0.23 -107.01 0.18 0.98 -105.98 0.05 s36 x149 -4 ST_MAURONT_U31 ST_JEAN_DU_DESERT_U21 -107.41 MARSEILLE_FAUVETTES_U31 -105.07 Detected Cell N°2 Detected Cell SC Detected Cell Name Average Min UL RSSI Delta UL RSSI s314 x272 -9 MARSEILLE_GIBBES_U21 -104.62 0 0.98 -105.28 ST_LAMBERT_U11 GRANDE_BASTIDE_U31 MARSEILLE_MALPASSE_U21 MARSEILLE_DUPARC_U31 -107.23 -105.23 -102.23 0.98 -104.23 -105.23 s68 x68 -6 s94 x39 -10 s336 x198 -9 s164 x208 -6 Delta UL RSSI 0.97 -105.41 s50 x981 -7 s1 x357 -6 MARSEILLE_LA_PANOUSE_U31 MARSEILLE_CLARY_U11 -105.98 0 s46 x179 -9 MARSEILLE_SAINTE_U31 -105.98 -105.62 .23 0.11 0.98 0.13 0.01 0.01 -107.Field Example 6: Detected cell analysis with CTg/ Odinium in ORF No important increase of UL RSSI for detected cells Cells detected up to 1000 times in 2 hours with good Detected Cell N°1 EcN0 Cellule pour CTg Detected Cell SCDetected Cell Name Average Min UL RSSI BELLE_DE_MAI_U21 FERREOL_U31 GRANDE_BASTIDE_U11 GRANDE_BASTIDE_U31 HOPITAL_NORD_U11 JOLIETTE_DOCKS_U11 LA_PLAGE_U21 LA_PLAGE_U31 LA_ROSE_U21 LE_FRIOUL_TDFT_U11 LES_OLIVES_U21 MARSEILLE_BEAUVAU_U31 MARSEILLE_BLANCARDE_U21 MARSEILLE_BOREL_U21 MARSEILLE_CLARY_U11 MARSEILLE_DAVID_U11 MARSEILLE_DUPARC_U31 MARSEILLE_FAUVETTES_U31 MARSEILLE_GUIEU_U11 MARSEILLE_JULIEN_U11 MARSEILLE_LA_CAPELETTE_U31 MARSEILLE_LA_PANOUSE_U31 MARSEILLE_LACADENELLE_U11 MARSEILLE_LESSEPS_U31 MARSEILLE_MARENGO_U11 MARSEILLE_MATHURIN_U21 MARSEILLE_MATHURIN_U31 MARSEILLE_MICHELET_U11 MARSEILLE_NOTRE_DAME_U11 MARSEILLE_PARTY_U21 MARSEILLE_SAINTE_U31 MARSEILLE_ST_NICOLAS_U31 MARSEILLE_VALLON_U11 MRS_MONTE_CRISTO_TDFT_U31 PARC_DES_EXPOSITIONS_U31 RABATEAU_U31 ST_LAMBERT_U11 ST_LOUP_UMTS_U11 ST_MARTHE_U21 ST_MAURONT_U11 ST_MAURONT_U31 26 s234 x503 -6 s304 x143 -6 s316 x115 -11 s13 x60 -10 s159 x43 -9 s18 x138 -4 s9 x203 -8 ST_MARTHE_U21 MARSEILLE_PORTE_D_AIX_U11 MARSEILLE_LACADENELLE_U11 LE_MERLAN_IUT_U21 MARSEILLE_MICHELET_U31 MARSEILLE_BOREL_U21 MARSEILLE_AIRELLES_U11 -105.41 s68 x1443 -4 ST_LAMBERT_U11 -107.73 0.01 0.22 0.41 s321 x277 -7 0.21625 Declaration of “worth” detected cells will not automatically improve significantly the UL RSSI  first step with Audit UL RSSI is mandatory s18 x964 -6 MARSEILLE_BOREL_U21 -105.13625 MARSEILLE_LACADENELLE_U11 -105.23 0.41 0.98 -106.22 -105.08 MARSEILLE_BOREL_U21 -105.42 s66 x196 -4 MARSEILLE_JULIEN_U11 -108.98 -107.62 s18 x87 -6 0.17 s316 x72 -10 0.72 0.5 s316 x392 -8 MARSEILLE_LACADENELLE_U11 -105.22 0.07 0.97 s58 x778 -8 MARSEILLE_ZI_U21 MARSEILLE_FELIBRE_U31 -105.19 s58 x173 -8 MARSEILLE_LA_PLAINE_U11 MARSEILLE_FELIBRE_U31 -107.23 -105.01 -105.98 -107.98 0.05 s361 x81 -6 MARSEILLE_LA_ROSERAIE_U11 -105.37 0.23 0.22 -107.01 0.48 0.23 0.64 s299 x58 -7 MARSEILLE_ST_NICOLAS_U31 -107.18 s150 x153 -6 0.06 0.98 0.08 MARSEILLE_BOREL_U21 -105.08 0.23 -107.77 s286 x248 -6 0.64 0.14 -105.23 0.37 0.01 -105.06 s68 x44 -7 s130 x30 -11 ST_LAMBERT_U11 MARSEILLE_LE_REDON_U11 -107.98 0.06 s304 x131 -11 MARSEILLE_PORTE_D_AIX_U11 -104.01 -105.55 s159 x471 -8 s75 x64 -10 s68 x197 -5 s164 x29 -8 MARSEILLE_MICHELET_U31 ST_LOUP_UMTS_U31 ST_LAMBERT_U11 MARSEILLE_DUPARC_U31 -105.98 0.99 1.03 s18 x339 -6 s165 x868 -8 MARSEILLE_BOREL_U21 MARSEILLE_NOTRE_DAME_U11 -105.28 s99 x476 -8 s282 x46 -8 s153 x34 -8 MARSEILLE_MATHURIN_U31 MARSEILLE_LE_ROUET_U31 MADRAGUE_DE_LA_VILLE_U31 -107.98 0.98 s293 x121 -4 s32 x501 -4 s254 x86 -11 s145 x282 -6 s273 x195 -8 MARSEILLE_PARTY_U21 LA_GROTTE_ROLLAND_U21 to find the cell name MRS_MONTE_CRISTO_TDFT_U31 MARSEILLE_CASTEL_ROC_U21 -104.23 -107.

0 HSxPA Engineering Handbook 27 .HSUPA Introduction Methodology Planning Delivery • The HSUPA Introduction Methodology status and planning are: • The audit of UL RSSI stability based on counters and OTCell is on finalization • Missing Neighbors analysis based on CTg/ Odinium is on-going • Missing Neighbors analysis based on CTg/ RFO is on-going and plan to be validated in Mobilkom pre-Cur Trial • Missing Neighbors analysis based on CTn/ WQA is not started and plan to be tested in Mobilkom pre-Cur Trial • Validation by Core WNE of the full HSUPA Introduction Methodology during pre-Cur Mobilkom Trial  ready for execution by all local WNE from W15 with the support of Core WNE • The complete HSUPA & HSDPA Introduction Methodology will be described in the UA5.

Back-Up 28 .

2. • The uplink RSSI (RTWP) reported to the RNC as per 3GPP definition will then be computed from RTWP1 and RTWP2 as the linear average of those two values 29 . the level is measured within the block “Mean Square Power Measurement block” of the Rx channelizer. • In the TRM/iTRM.” • Since the level shall be estimated on a bandwidth corresponding to a single UMTS carrier. The reference point for the measurement shall be the Rx antenna connector. including noise generated in the receiver.215 section 5. within the bandwidth defined by the receiver pulse shaping filter. In case of receiver diversity the reported value shall be linear average of the power in the diversity branches. two power indications MSPD_PWER1 and MSPD_PWER2 respectively for the main and the diversity branches are used to evaluate the level at the Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) input. Two values RTWP1 and RTWP2 respectively for the main and the diversity paths are computed.1) RTWP is used for uplink RSSI (RTWP stands for Receive Total Wideband Power): “The received wide band power. calculation should estimate the total loss in between the TRM/iTRM ADC and the antenna connector. This includes the subtraction of all amplifications and the addition of all losses in between. Internally.UL RSSI/ RTWP Definition & Computation at Node B • In 3GPP (TS25. the measurement shall be done after channel filtering. • The reference point of the RTWP being the antenna connector.

UplinkRssi.Avg] (dBm) -105 -104 -104 -107 -103 -102 -103 -106 -106 -104 -103 Max[VS.9 -100 3.UplinkRssi.Min] (dBm) -106 -105 -104 -107 -103 -102 -104 -106 -106 -105 -103 Avg[VS.UplinkRssi.3 -104 16.UplinkRssi.7 -104 15.Max] (dBm) -86 -87 -88 -88 -91 -98 -90 -90 -92 -92 Max[VS.Max] (dBm) 6.UplinkRssi.Avg] (dBm) -84 -87 -89 -89 -91 -90 -90 -90 -91 -90 G397sU3 G397sU1 G201sU3 G257sU1 G201sU2 G201sU1 G513sU3 G257sU2 G282sU2 G126sU2 G174sU3 G736sU1 G662sU3 G126sU3 G311sU2 G343sU2 G754sU1 G513sU3 G142sU3 G112sU1 G740sU2 30 Delta UL RSSI (dBm) Avg[VS.1 -104 13.UL RSSI variation due to UL Load? •Correlation on the most loaded cells between the UL Traffic and the UL RSSI (average or max) or between the number of RACH and the UL RSSI (average or max) and we concluded that it is not possible to directly link the impact of the UL Traffic or the number of RACH to the increase of UL RSSI.2 -105 15.UplinkRssi.6 -102 1.1 -99 14.7 -102 16.6 -101 UL Traffic (Kbytes) 52 799 96 586 19 537 130 728 6 128 46 734 Avg[VS.8 -105 14.UplinkRssi.6 -90 3.Avg] (dBm) -100 -99 -95 -103 -98 -99 -90 -102 -105 -93 -102 Delta UL RSSI (dBm) Min[VS. To confirm that assessment: • the 10 cells with highest UL Load in Mobilkom network and the 10 cells with the highest Delta UL RSSI the 20th of October are not the same • The UL amount of traffic transferred in all day is from 117 Mbytes to 219 Mbytes but the Delta UL RSSI didn't follow the same ranking and so double check that the UL Traffic is not the current main cause of the UL RSSI increase  as indicated by the UIIV analysis.9 -103 4.1 -101 6.8 -105 13.Min] (dBm) 17.7 -107 14.6 -104 Avg[VS.Avg] (dBm) -100 -101 -102 -103 -105 -102 -103 -103 -104 -103 Max[VS.6 -104 14.Max] (dBm) -82 -80 -77 -87 -81 -84 -70 -86 -94 -73 -92 Max[VS.UplinkRssi.5 -103 12.UplinkRssi.UplinkRssi.4 -100 9.0 -100 3. there are other causes impacting the UL RSSI on your network UL Traffic (Kbytes) 219 871 178 595 164 857 162 771 151 655 146 945 130 728 125 187 119 617 118 563 117 079 Min[VS.5 -101 0.Max] (dBm) -67 -69 -70 -69 -72 -88 -70 -71 -73 -73 .

UplinkRssi. from 15/11 to 21/11 -87 -89 -91 Cell UL Load = 100% -93 -95 -97 -99 Cell UL Load = 50% -101 -103 -105 15/11/2006 16/11/2006 17/11/2006 18/11/2006 19/11/2006 20/11/2006 21/11/2006 •Every working day the average UL RSSI is above 6dB during all the busiest hour with few peaks exceeding 20 dB! •HSUPA can not be introduced in this cell •Missing Neighbor is suspected since the delta increase during all the busiest hours of the day  requires 31 confirmation with detected set reports .Avg (dBm) in UWE0966S.00:00 00:15 00:30 00:45 01:00 01:15 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:15 02:30 02:45 03:00 03:15 03:30 03:45 04:00 04:15 04:30 04:45 05:00 05:15 05:30 05:45 06:00 06:15 06:30 06:45 07:00 07:15 07:30 07:45 08:00 08:15 08:30 08:45 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 11:00 11:15 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 13:15 13:30 13:45 14:00 14:15 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 17:30 17:45 18:00 18:15 18:30 18:45 19:00 19:15 19:30 19:45 20:00 20:15 20:30 20:45 21:00 21:15 21:30 21:45 22:00 22:15 22:30 22:45 23:00 23:15 23:30 23:45 00:00 00:15 00:30 00:45 01:00 01:15 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:15 02:30 02:45 03:00 03:15 03:30 03:45 04:00 04:15 04:30 04:45 05:00 05:15 05:30 05:45 06:00 06:15 06:30 06:45 07:00 07:15 07:30 07:45 08:00 08:15 08:30 08:45 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 11:00 11:15 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 13:15 13:30 13:45 14:00 14:15 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 17:30 17:45 18:00 18:15 18:30 18:45 19:00 19:15 19:30 19:45 20:00 20:15 20:30 20:45 21:00 21:15 21:30 21:45 22:00 22:15 22:30 22:45 23:00 23:15 23:30 23:45 00:00 00:15 00:30 00:45 01:00 01:15 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:15 02:30 02:45 03:00 03:15 03:30 03:45 04:00 04:15 04:30 04:45 05:00 05:15 05:30 05:45 06:00 06:15 06:30 06:45 07:00 07:15 07:30 07:45 08:00 08:15 08:30 08:45 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 11:00 11:15 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 13:15 13:30 13:45 14:00 14:15 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 17:30 17:45 18:00 18:15 18:30 18:45 19:00 19:15 19:30 19:45 20:00 20:15 20:30 20:45 21:00 21:15 21:30 21:45 22:00 22:15 22:30 22:45 23:00 23:15 23:30 23:45 00:00 00:15 00:30 00:45 01:00 01:15 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:15 02:30 02:45 03:00 03:15 03:30 03:45 04:00 04:15 04:30 04:45 05:00 05:15 05:30 05:45 06:00 06:15 06:30 06:45 07:00 07:15 07:30 07:45 08:00 08:15 08:30 08:45 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 11:00 11:15 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 13:15 13:30 13:45 14:00 14:15 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 17:30 17:45 18:00 18:15 18:30 18:45 19:00 19:15 19:30 19:45 20:00 20:15 20:30 20:45 21:00 21:15 21:30 21:45 22:00 22:15 22:30 22:45 23:00 23:15 23:30 23:45 00:00 00:15 00:30 00:45 01:00 01:15 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:15 02:30 02:45 03:00 03:15 03:30 03:45 04:00 04:15 04:30 04:45 05:00 05:15 05:30 05:45 06:00 06:15 06:30 06:45 07:00 07:15 07:30 07:45 08:00 08:15 08:30 08:45 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 11:00 11:15 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 13:15 13:30 13:45 14:00 14:15 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 17:30 17:45 18:00 18:15 18:30 18:45 19:00 19:15 19:30 19:45 20:00 20:15 20:30 20:45 21:00 21:15 21:30 21:45 22:00 22:15 22:30 22:45 23:00 23:15 23:30 23:45 00:00 00:15 00:30 00:45 01:00 01:15 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:15 02:30 02:45 03:00 03:15 03:30 03:45 04:00 04:15 04:30 04:45 05:00 05:15 05:30 05:45 06:00 06:15 06:30 06:45 07:00 07:15 07:30 07:45 08:00 08:15 08:30 08:45 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 11:00 11:15 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 13:15 13:30 13:45 14:00 14:15 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 17:30 17:45 18:00 18:15 18:30 18:45 19:00 19:15 19:30 19:45 20:00 20:15 20:30 20:45 21:00 21:15 21:30 21:45 22:00 22:15 22:30 22:45 23:00 23:15 23:30 23:45 00:00 00:15 00:30 00:45 01:00 01:15 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:15 02:30 02:45 03:00 03:15 03:30 03:45 04:00 04:15 04:30 04:45 05:00 05:15 05:30 05:45 06:00 06:15 06:30 06:45 07:00 07:15 07:30 07:45 08:00 08:15 08:30 08:45 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 11:00 11:15 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 13:15 13:30 13:45 14:00 14:15 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 17:30 17:45 18:00 18:15 18:30 18:45 19:00 19:15 19:30 19:45 20:00 20:15 20:45 21:00 21:15 21:30 21:45 22:00 22:15 22:30 22:45 23:00 23:15 23:30 23:45 Average UL RSSI evolution for the worst cells in Partner (1/3) -85 VS.

UplinkRssi. from 15/11 to 21/11 -85 Cell UL Load = 100% -90 -95 -100 Cell UL Load = 50% -105 15/11/2006 16/11/2006 17/11/2006 18/11/2006 19/11/2006 20/11/2006 21/11/2006 •More peaks in UTC0003R than in UWE0966S but globally the increase of UL RSSI is less important •Introduction HSUPA still highly risky •Missing Neighbor is suspected since the delta increase during all the busiest hours of the day  requires confirmation with detected set reports .-110 32 00:00 00:15 00:30 00:45 01:00 01:15 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:15 02:30 02:45 03:00 03:15 03:30 03:45 04:00 04:15 04:30 04:45 05:00 05:15 05:30 05:45 06:00 06:15 06:30 06:45 07:00 07:15 07:30 07:45 08:00 08:15 08:30 08:45 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 11:00 11:15 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 13:15 13:30 13:45 14:00 14:15 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 17:30 17:45 18:00 18:15 18:30 18:45 19:00 19:15 19:30 19:45 20:00 20:15 20:30 20:45 21:00 21:15 21:30 21:45 22:00 22:15 22:30 22:45 23:00 23:15 23:30 23:45 00:00 00:15 00:30 00:45 01:00 01:15 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:15 02:30 02:45 03:00 03:15 03:30 03:45 04:00 04:15 04:30 04:45 05:00 05:15 05:30 05:45 06:00 06:15 06:30 06:45 07:00 07:15 07:30 07:45 08:00 08:15 08:30 08:45 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 11:00 11:15 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 13:15 13:30 13:45 14:00 14:15 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 17:30 17:45 18:00 18:15 18:30 18:45 19:00 19:15 19:30 19:45 20:00 20:15 20:30 20:45 21:00 21:15 21:30 21:45 22:00 22:15 22:30 22:45 23:00 23:15 23:30 23:45 00:00 00:15 00:30 00:45 01:00 01:15 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:15 02:30 02:45 03:00 03:15 03:30 03:45 04:00 04:15 04:30 04:45 05:00 05:15 05:30 05:45 06:00 06:15 06:30 06:45 07:00 07:15 07:30 07:45 08:00 08:15 08:30 08:45 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 11:00 11:15 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 13:15 13:30 13:45 14:00 14:15 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 17:30 17:45 18:00 18:15 18:30 18:45 19:00 19:15 19:30 19:45 20:00 20:15 20:30 20:45 21:00 21:15 21:30 21:45 22:00 22:15 22:30 22:45 23:00 23:15 23:30 23:45 00:00 00:15 00:30 00:45 01:00 01:15 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:15 02:30 02:45 03:00 03:15 03:30 03:45 04:00 04:15 04:30 04:45 05:00 05:15 05:30 05:45 06:00 06:15 06:30 06:45 07:00 07:15 07:30 07:45 08:00 08:15 08:30 08:45 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 11:00 11:15 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 13:15 13:30 13:45 14:00 14:15 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 17:30 17:45 18:00 18:15 18:30 18:45 19:00 19:15 19:30 19:45 20:00 20:15 20:30 20:45 21:00 21:15 21:30 21:45 22:00 22:15 22:30 22:45 23:00 23:15 23:30 23:45 00:00 00:15 00:30 00:45 01:00 01:15 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:15 02:30 02:45 03:00 03:15 03:30 03:45 04:00 04:15 04:30 04:45 05:00 05:15 05:30 05:45 06:00 06:15 06:30 06:45 07:00 07:15 07:30 07:45 08:00 08:15 08:30 08:45 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 11:00 11:15 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 13:15 13:30 13:45 14:00 14:15 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 17:30 17:45 18:00 18:15 18:30 18:45 19:00 19:15 19:30 19:45 20:00 20:15 20:30 20:45 21:00 21:15 21:30 21:45 22:00 22:15 22:30 22:45 23:00 23:15 23:30 23:45 00:00 00:15 00:30 00:45 01:00 01:15 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:15 02:30 02:45 03:00 03:15 03:30 03:45 04:00 04:15 04:30 04:45 05:00 05:15 05:30 05:45 06:00 06:15 06:30 06:45 07:00 07:15 07:30 07:45 08:00 08:15 08:30 08:45 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 11:00 11:15 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 13:15 13:30 13:45 14:00 14:15 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 17:30 17:45 18:00 18:15 18:30 18:45 19:00 19:15 19:30 19:45 20:00 20:15 20:30 20:45 21:00 21:15 21:30 21:45 22:00 22:15 22:30 22:45 23:00 23:15 23:30 23:45 00:00 00:15 00:30 00:45 01:00 01:15 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:15 02:30 02:45 03:00 03:15 03:30 03:45 04:00 04:15 04:30 04:45 05:00 05:15 05:30 05:45 06:00 06:15 06:30 06:45 07:00 07:15 07:30 07:45 08:00 08:15 08:30 08:45 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 11:00 11:15 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 13:15 13:30 13:45 14:00 14:15 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 17:30 17:45 18:00 18:15 18:30 18:45 19:00 19:15 19:30 19:45 20:00 20:15 20:45 21:00 21:15 21:30 21:45 22:00 22:15 22:30 22:45 23:00 23:15 23:30 23:45 Average UL RSSI evolution for the worst cells in Partner (2/3) -80 VS.Avg (dBm) in UTC0003R.

00:00 00:15 00:30 00:45 01:00 01:15 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:15 02:30 02:45 03:00 03:15 03:30 03:45 04:00 04:15 04:30 04:45 05:00 05:15 05:30 05:45 06:00 06:15 06:30 06:45 07:00 07:15 07:30 07:45 08:00 08:15 08:30 08:45 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 11:00 11:15 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 13:15 13:30 13:45 14:00 14:15 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 17:30 17:45 18:00 18:15 18:30 18:45 19:00 19:15 19:30 19:45 20:00 20:15 20:30 20:45 21:00 21:15 21:30 21:45 22:00 22:15 22:30 22:45 23:00 23:15 23:30 23:45 00:00 00:15 00:30 00:45 01:00 01:15 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:15 02:30 02:45 03:00 03:15 03:30 03:45 04:00 04:15 04:30 04:45 05:00 05:15 05:30 05:45 06:00 06:15 06:30 06:45 07:00 07:15 07:30 07:45 08:00 08:15 08:30 08:45 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 11:00 11:15 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 13:15 13:30 13:45 14:00 14:15 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 17:30 17:45 18:00 18:15 18:30 18:45 19:00 19:15 19:30 19:45 20:00 20:15 20:30 20:45 21:00 21:15 21:30 21:45 22:00 22:15 22:30 22:45 23:00 23:15 23:30 23:45 00:00 00:15 00:30 00:45 01:00 01:15 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:15 02:30 02:45 03:00 03:15 03:30 03:45 04:00 04:15 04:30 04:45 05:00 05:15 05:30 05:45 06:00 06:15 06:30 06:45 07:00 07:15 07:30 07:45 08:00 08:15 08:30 08:45 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 11:00 11:15 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 13:15 13:30 13:45 14:00 14:15 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 17:30 17:45 18:00 18:15 18:30 18:45 19:00 19:15 19:30 19:45 20:00 20:15 20:30 20:45 21:00 21:15 21:30 21:45 22:00 22:15 22:30 22:45 23:00 23:15 23:30 23:45 00:00 00:15 00:30 00:45 01:00 01:15 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:15 02:30 02:45 03:00 03:15 03:30 03:45 04:00 04:15 04:30 04:45 05:00 05:15 05:30 05:45 06:00 06:15 06:30 06:45 07:00 07:15 07:30 07:45 08:00 08:15 08:30 08:45 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 11:00 11:15 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 13:15 13:30 13:45 14:00 14:15 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 17:30 17:45 18:00 18:15 18:30 18:45 19:00 19:15 19:30 19:45 20:00 20:15 20:30 20:45 21:00 21:15 21:30 21:45 22:00 22:15 22:30 22:45 23:00 23:15 23:30 23:45 00:00 00:15 00:30 00:45 01:00 01:15 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:15 02:30 02:45 03:00 03:15 03:30 03:45 04:00 04:15 04:30 04:45 05:00 05:15 05:30 05:45 06:00 06:15 06:30 06:45 07:00 07:15 07:30 07:45 08:00 08:15 08:30 08:45 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 11:00 11:15 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 13:15 13:30 13:45 14:00 14:15 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 17:30 17:45 18:00 18:15 18:30 18:45 19:00 19:15 19:30 19:45 20:00 20:15 20:30 20:45 21:00 21:15 21:30 21:45 22:00 22:15 22:30 22:45 23:00 23:15 23:30 23:45 00:00 00:15 00:30 00:45 01:00 01:15 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:15 02:30 02:45 03:00 03:15 03:30 03:45 04:00 04:15 04:30 04:45 05:00 05:15 05:30 05:45 06:00 06:15 06:30 06:45 07:00 07:15 07:30 07:45 08:00 08:15 08:30 08:45 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 11:00 11:15 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 13:15 13:30 13:45 14:00 14:15 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 17:30 17:45 18:00 18:15 18:30 18:45 19:00 19:15 19:30 19:45 20:00 20:15 20:30 20:45 21:00 21:15 21:30 21:45 22:00 22:15 22:30 22:45 23:00 23:15 23:30 23:45 00:00 00:15 00:30 00:45 01:00 01:15 01:30 01:45 02:00 02:15 02:30 02:45 03:00 03:15 03:30 03:45 04:00 04:15 04:30 04:45 05:00 05:15 05:30 05:45 06:00 06:15 06:30 06:45 07:00 07:15 07:30 07:45 08:00 08:15 08:30 08:45 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 10:45 11:00 11:15 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 13:15 13:30 13:45 14:00 14:15 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 17:30 17:45 18:00 18:15 18:30 18:45 19:00 19:15 19:30 19:45 20:00 20:15 20:45 21:00 21:15 21:30 21:45 22:00 22:15 22:30 22:45 23:00 23:15 23:30 23:45 Average UL RSSI evolution for the worst cells in Partner (3/3) VS.Avg (dBm) in UTC0001T. from 15/11 to 21/11 -77 -82 -87 Cell UL Load = 100% -92 -97 -102 Cell UL Load = 50% -107 15/11/2006 33 16/11/2006 17/11/2006 18/11/2006 19/11/2006 20/11/2006 21/11/2006 •High Delta UL RSSI concentrated but very high delta •Introduction HSUPA still highly risky •Missing Neighbor is suspected since the delta increase during all the busiest hours of the day  requires confirmation with detected set reports .UplinkRssi.

Risk for finger tracking 32 33 32 37 32 41 32 45 32 49 32 53 32 57 32 61 32 65 32 69 32 73 32 77 32 81 -10 Number of cells UE Tx Power Finger power cell 0 Finger power Cell 1 UL is blind temporarily 34 .00 10 200000.30ms demodulation blinding for new legs When softer leg is added.00 50 600000. NodeB is sometimes “blind” during 30ms.00 0 100000.00 Noise profile is jammed.00 30 400000.00 20 300000.00 40 500000. 60 700000. NodeB emits « UP » commands toward UE. Tx power spike of 30dB is created.00 0.

=> UE TX power overshoot ideal convergence power. generating RSSI spike. then send all “UP” TPC commands toward UE. 60 900000 800000 50 700000 40 600000 30 500000 400000 20 300000 10 200000 -10 35 2648 2641 2634 2627 2620 2613 2606 2600 2593 2586 2579 2572 2565 2558 2551 2544 2537 2530 2523 0 100000 0 UE Tx Power Finger power .Early RL RESTORE issue NodeB sometimes trigger RadioLinkRestoreIndication with no signal.

UE in Cell1 is forced to emit very strong to reach antenna 2.TRM RX cable crossing Cell 2 Antenna of cell 1 is connected to Cell2 Antenna of cell 2 is connected to Cell1. Antenna 1 Cell 1 36 . Antenna 2 Antenna 1 is blinded by UE.

creating a noise spike in BTS receiver. identified by magenta circles. It appears UE sometimes fail to decode AICH when RACH procedure crosses cell reselection procedure. it decodes NACK that is sent in response to each preamble by NodeB. The case where RACH NACK appear is rather similar: The AICH is not decoded by UE and NodeB. issue is detected when AICH status is NO-ACK = 0. The UE then increases TX power of preamble up to maximum. finally nacks preambles. 37 . The procedure immediately stops.UE ISSUE description – interfrequency reselection In following graphs. When UE recover AICH decoding. overloaded.

448 .536 06:41:03.720 -200 06:41:08.080 06:40:59.UE ISSUE description – interfrequency reselection RACH cell Id 7 is carried by Nortel NodeB RACH cell id 13 is carried by other NodeB Status (1:ACK 0:NO ACK 2:NACK) number of preambles RACH Cell id Last Preamble Power CPICH RSCP Issue 14 50 12 0 10 -50 8 6 -100 4 -150 2 0 06:40:56.264 06:41:04.352 38 06:40:58.992 06:41:06.808 06:41:01.

UE ISSUE description – intracell reselection Scrambling code 202 and 200 are carried by same frequency Status (1:ACK 0:NO ACK 2:NACK) number of preambles RACH cell id Last preamble power CPICH RSCP Issue 30 50 25 0 20 -50 15 -100 10 -150 5 0 0 39 200 400 600 800 1000 -200 1200 .

RACH optimization in iFUN 40 .

Number of preambles is in yellow. moving all over iFUN. Here is an extract of decoded log. One UE was logged for 10 minutes.RACH optimization in iFUN RACH statistics about preamble detection was measured for Nortel IFUN NodeBs using nominal parameters. 41 .

RACH optimization in iFUN 85% of preamble are detected with 1 attempt. Exhaustive multipath and fading tests shall be done to have a tradeoff between all customer networks. this parameters privileges RACH capacity over TX power consumption. In case more than one preamble is necessary.5% of preamble success in iFUN. => These parameters are not yet UPUG recommendation. 99. 42 .5% are detected with 10 attempts (10dB ramp up) Initial TX power is raised to increase success rate at first preamble (constant value is modified from -20 to -17) Power step is increased to reduce RACH loading (set to 4dB) Maximum number of preamble is limited to have a ramp-up of maximum 12dB (3 retransmission) These parameters will grant to have more than 99.

00% 0 0 5 10 15 Number of RACH preamble 20 .00% 1000 600 Frequency 500 400 80.00% Cumulative % 300 70.00% 100 50.00% 50.00% 1500 Cumulative % 80.00% 70.00% 200 500 60.RACH optimization in iFUN BEFORE AFTER Preamble success detection PDF Preamble success detection PDF 110.00% 90.00% 110.00% 100.00% 700 2000 100.00% 0 0 5 10 15 Number of RACH preamble 43 20 Frequency 60.00% 90.