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Hierarchic: 4 Main Ideas


Makes Sense Sense Strategies Strategies Makes

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© 2008 Edwin Ellis, All Rights Reserved Published by Makes Sense Strategies, LLC,


Taylor Thrash



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Is about …

A cooperative learning strategy in which individual students become experts on subsections of a topic and teach the subject to others
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1. Specifying learning objectives Being clear about learning objectives is essential when planning any learning activity. 2. Preparing Study Guides To become experts with respect to a topic, students need support in the form of study guides that will help them in their search for information. 3. Forming Student Teams To reflect diversity, the group members need to have different backgrounds, values, and attitudes. 4. Supplementing Expert Presentations Students may leave out important topics when they try to teach their peers, so teachers should plan to fill in the missing topics to meet the content objectives.

1. Assigning Experts Students are assigned are assigned a component of the topic to study in depth. 2. Information Gathering Student experts study their component of the topic in as much depth as possible. 3. Expert Meetings Experts for each component of the topic meet and prepare the presentations they will make to their groups. 4. Peer Instruction Experts present information about their component of the topic to their group mates. 5. Review and Closure The topic is reviewed and summarized.

1. Assessing Learning When Using Groupwork We want to see if the students are covering the content and to see if they are able to work together in a group to help each other learn. 2. Assessing Understand of Content The assessment of content could be evaluated by traditional quizzes or multiple choice questions. 3. Assessing Group Processes The teacher should assess group process by watching to see if each group member participates, works well with others, and accepts responsibility.

The social interaction of student-student learning and teaching is a motivator. Group activities tend to result in success for all students, and this success is a motivator. Allows students to study and teach their classmates which could bring them a feeling of gratification.

So what? What is important to understand about this?

Jigsaw is a task specialization that allows students to assume specialized roles in reaching the goals of a learning activity. In this task, students have a responsibility of being an expert on a particular portion of the subject and then teaching their fellow students on that portion.