Cristian Garcia Adam Padgett ENGL 1102 February 24, 2014

Annotated Bibliography Inquiry: Is social media and new emerging technology causing communicational issues within families? Proposed Thesis: “Social Media is causing communicational issues within families because of the increase in distractions and numbing of social skills.”

Correa, Teresa. "Bottom-Up Technology Transmission Within Families: Exploring How Youths Influence Their Parents' Digital Media Use With Dyadic Data." Journal Of Communication 64.1 (2014): 103-124. Academic Search Complete. Web. 24 Feb. 2014. This is one of the only sources I could find that closely addresses my topic, being that social media is a relatively new phenomenon in our lifetimes; it takes an opposing side to my argument, yet does the same thing of exploring how social media and relatively new technology affects a family setting. Correa defines her research as “Bottom-Up Technology Transmission” which, in laments terms, means children teaching or encouraging their parents or guardian to learn how to use technology, and incorporate it into their own lives. The author referred to the children as “brokers of technology” since they help their parents learn this technology, they help spread their knowledge unto the parent or guardian. They test out how much help the parent or guardian get from their child, which for my research is irrelevant, though they also test out the relationship between them also using a variety of methods. They have a survey in which they rate four statements which describe their relationship with one another; they are interviewed to talk about the “bottom-up transmission” as well as the relationship with one another; and a

1

separate survey on how authoritative the parents or guardians were on the children. The results showed, on the parent/guardian to child side, that the family, as a whole, lacked a bit of communication, though there was a clear problem when it came to the father or male figure guardian, and the child. In all the interviews and surveys it showed that the father or male figure guardian and their child, being a male or female, had a huge lack in communication and ability to talk to one another due to the father being very authoritative. Fletcher, Anne C., and Bethany L. Blair. "Maternal Authority Regarding Early Adolescents’ Social Technology Use." Journal Of Family Issues 35.1 (2014): 54-74. Academic Search Complete. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. Another closely related source to my inquiry, though taking out the paternal aspect of the question, this article identifies the issues mothers have understanding and using the technology, and in turn social media, of today’s day in age. There was a wide variety of ethnicities used so it is not discriminating against a certain type. It stated that “Every mother in the study expressed some level of concern or doubt about adolescent use of social technologies.” It also went on to point out that there is a social disconnect between mothers and their children due to the lack of ability to understand what technologies their children are using and talking about. This is proven by the statement “In contrast, very few early adolescents expressed concerns regarding use of social technology.” Though when mothers express their concern with their children, some children take it as a wild accusation and the communication between child and mother takes a hit; while other children actually listen and understand the concerns of their mother.

2

Gill, Karamjit. "Digitally Mediated World." AI & Society Feb. 2014: 1+. Academic Search Complete. Web. 24 Feb. 2014. This article isn’t about how social media and technology affect families, at least it isn’t directly saying it. This article identifies the ethical and practical uses of technology based on the realm of a virtual society and its limitations. It discusses topics such as “a technology-mediated world” and “cultural relevance of digital technologies.” This type of discussion fits in with how social media affects family communication since it addresses the problem of a “information-overloaded society” and how it “closes doors of freedom through the instrument of control” thus implying a breakdown in communicational awareness by distracting and occupying the time of people that would usually be used to actually talk to other people. Rosen, Larry D., L. Mark Carrier, and Nancy A. Cheever. "Facebook And Texting Made Me Do It: Media-Induced Task-Switching While Studying." Computers In Human Behavior 29.3 (2013): 948-958. Academic Search Complete. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. I chose to use this source because; though it is not about how social media and technology affects communication within families, it does enforce that social media and new technologies can be a huge distraction. This, in turn, reinforces my theory since it shows, and explains that children and teens are distracted even during something as important as studying for school. They do this by observing several different kids in middle school and high school, studying 15 minutes at a time in their own home. They track a number of different things such as: where they’re studying, what technologies are present at the time, any windows open on the computer if applicable, and a minute-byminute checklist of the student’s activities. 3

Antis, Tom. "Is social media ruining our kids social skill?” Elementary. Parent Today, 9 May 2013. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. <http://www.parenttoday.org/client/index.cfm/2013/5/9/Issocial-media-ruiningour-kids-social-skills>. Though not a scholarly article this blog post on Parent Today addresses everything that is relevant to my inquiry. Social media is numbing the social skills needed to interact with people in the real world, “Important social skills develop from face-to-face conversations”, these social skills cannot be developed form online interactions and texting; which is exactly what today’s children seem to be doing the most. "If used in excess, communicating via cyberspace can inhibit communication skills.” This causes communication between the parent and child to cease to exist, since the children are either too shy to say anything, or stuck on their phones texting.

4