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Water, sanitation, hygiene and habitat in prisons

Water, sanitation, hygiene and habitat in prisons

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The handbook provides a summary of the technical expertise gained by ICRC engineers when dealing with environmental engineering problems commonly found in places of detention. Detailed drawings are used to outline solutions on a range of related issues such as water supply, sewage and waste disposal, food preparation, vector control, general hygiene and health. This handbook is intended for all those who work in prisons and who can contribute to the improvement of the conditions of detention for persons deprived of their freedom.

ICRC, Geneva, 2005, 145 pp., graph., tabl., 21 x 30 cm, French, English / Price CHF 48.- / ref. 0823

http://www.icrc.org/web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/html/p0823
The handbook provides a summary of the technical expertise gained by ICRC engineers when dealing with environmental engineering problems commonly found in places of detention. Detailed drawings are used to outline solutions on a range of related issues such as water supply, sewage and waste disposal, food preparation, vector control, general hygiene and health. This handbook is intended for all those who work in prisons and who can contribute to the improvement of the conditions of detention for persons deprived of their freedom.

ICRC, Geneva, 2005, 145 pp., graph., tabl., 21 x 30 cm, French, English / Price CHF 48.- / ref. 0823

http://www.icrc.org/web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/html/p0823

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: International Committee of the Red Cross on Nov 04, 2009
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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05/03/2013

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Solar energy:Where there are problems with energy supply,solar collectors may have
to be installed.Such systems are rather costly to buy,but once installed they use energy
which is free of charge and provide hot water for washing in sunny weather.
These systems require little maintenance,but in the long term are functional only if
there are local agents or repairmen who can be called in when necessary.

Float valve

Collectors

Cold water

Serpentine collector

Water supply
to showers

Intake
to tank

Shower

Shower stall

Valve

Hot water
Cold water

Water,sanitation,hygiene and habitat in prisons

ICRC

46

Figure 33gives a diagrammatic view of one such system,based on what is known as
passive solar energy.It comprises a feed tank,a hot-water storage tank,solar collector-
absorber plates,and the necessary piping for transporting the water to the showers.

Figure 33

Installation of passive
solar collectors for
hot water production

Keroseneand paraffincan be obtained almost everywhere.A simple model of a
kerosene-heated shower is shown in Figure 34.
This system,which is safe and easy to use,can be installed without difficulty.With a litre
of kerosene or paraffin it will produce some 8 litres of warm water (40°C) per minute for
about 2 hours.

The waste water is disposed of in the same way as with any other system.

Water intake

Fuel tray

Fuel

Fume extraction

Tap and connection to shower

Heating tube support

Water:water supply and hygiene measures

Disinfection ofwater

47

Figure 34

Shower with water
heated by kerosene

In cold climates,water for the showers may be heated by means of gas or electric water
heaters.

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