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Water, sanitation, hygiene and habitat in prisons

Water, sanitation, hygiene and habitat in prisons

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The handbook provides a summary of the technical expertise gained by ICRC engineers when dealing with environmental engineering problems commonly found in places of detention. Detailed drawings are used to outline solutions on a range of related issues such as water supply, sewage and waste disposal, food preparation, vector control, general hygiene and health. This handbook is intended for all those who work in prisons and who can contribute to the improvement of the conditions of detention for persons deprived of their freedom.

ICRC, Geneva, 2005, 145 pp., graph., tabl., 21 x 30 cm, French, English / Price CHF 48.- / ref. 0823

http://www.icrc.org/web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/html/p0823
The handbook provides a summary of the technical expertise gained by ICRC engineers when dealing with environmental engineering problems commonly found in places of detention. Detailed drawings are used to outline solutions on a range of related issues such as water supply, sewage and waste disposal, food preparation, vector control, general hygiene and health. This handbook is intended for all those who work in prisons and who can contribute to the improvement of the conditions of detention for persons deprived of their freedom.

ICRC, Geneva, 2005, 145 pp., graph., tabl., 21 x 30 cm, French, English / Price CHF 48.- / ref. 0823

http://www.icrc.org/web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/html/p0823

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: International Committee of the Red Cross on Nov 04, 2009
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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05/03/2013

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Dry pit latrines are the most simple means of disposing of human waste.They are
generally used in refugee camps and small prisons,and when existing latrines are under
repair or being desludged.
A dry pit latrine is a hole dug in the ground and covered with planks or a concrete slab.
Depending on the type of soil,it may be necessary to strengthen the sides of the pit
to prevent them from caving in.A hole is made in the slab or planks for defecation;it may
be fitted with a seat.The hole usually has a cover designed to keep insects (flies,
cockroaches) out and to prevent the emanation of foul smells.
A stall is built over the latrine for shelter and to provide privacy for the user.It must be
made of light materials so that it is easy to move.Various materials can be used:wood,
bamboo,matting,bricks,planks,plastic sheeting,or sometimes galvanized iron.
Figure 44gives an example of this type of latrine.

Sanitation and hygiene

Latrines

63

Figure 44

Dry pit latrine

The pit will fill at a rate of 40 litres/person/year.
For a group of 25 people,a pit of at least 1 m3

is necessary to dispose of the waste

produced over one year.15
As it is practically impossible to empty this type of pit,there must be enough space
available within the internal security perimeter (accessible to the detainees during the
time they spend in the open air) to dig new latrines.
When a pit latrine is full (50cm below ground level),a new pit is dug and covered with
the same slab and protective structure as the old one.The unfilled 50cm of the old pit
are covered with earth.The site of this pit cannot be used again for two years,the time
needed for the excreta to break down.
Figure 45shows a block of dry pit latrines,with a superstructure of metal supports
and galvanized iron sheeting placed over individual concrete slabs.

Figure 45

Block of dry
pit latrines

Water,sanitation,hygiene and habitat in prisons

ICRC

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