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Gas Metal Arc Welding

Gas Metal Arc Welding

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Published by SarveshSail
this presentation will help you learn gas metal arc welding
this presentation will help you learn gas metal arc welding

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Published by: SarveshSail on Apr 30, 2014
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07/23/2015

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Gas Metal Arc Welding

By : Sarvesh Sail

Introduction
• GMAW is defined as arc welding using a continuously fed consumable electrode and a shielding gas. • GMAW is also known as Metal Inert Gas (MIG) • Produces high-quality welds. • Yields high productivity.

In 1920. Nobel of General Electric. In 1926 another forerunner of GMAW was released. an early predecessor of GMAW was invented by P. but it was not suitable for practical use. O. it became a highly used industrial process. .History • • • • • The principles of gas metal arc welding began to be understood in the early 19th century. Originally developed for welding aluminum and other non-ferrous materials in the 1940s. Further developments during the 1950s and 1960s gave the process more versatility and as a result.

the basic necessary equipment is • a welding gun • a wire feed unit • a welding power supply • an electrode wire • a shielding gas supply. .Equipment To perform gas metal arc welding.

GMAW Circuit diagram (1) Welding gun (2) Work piece (3) Power source (4) Wire feed unit (5) Electrode source (6) Shielding gas supply .

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normally made of copper transmits the electrical energy to the electrode while directing it to the weld area. or trigger. • The contact tip. a contact tip. electric power. causing an electric arc to be struck. . and the shielding gas flow.Welding Gun The typical GMAW welding gun has a number of key parts—a control switch. a gas nozzle. • The gas nozzle directs the shielding gas evenly into the welding zone. a power cable. • The electrode conduit and liner help prevent buckling and maintain an uninterrupted wire feed. • The control switch. an electrode conduit and liner. when pressed initiates the wire feed.

GMAW Torch Cross-sectional View .

5 m/min (1200 in/min).Wire Feed Unit • It supplies the electrode to the work. but feed rates for semiautomatic GMAW typically range from 2 to 10 m/min (75–400 in/min). . • Most models provide the wire at a constant feed rate. driving it through the conduit and on to the contact tip. but more advanced machines can vary the feed rate in response to the arc length and voltage. • Some wire feeders can reach feed rates as high as 30.

Wire Feed Unit .

• In rare circumstances. • Alternating current is rarely used with GMAW. a constant current power source and a constant wire feed rate unit might be coupled. • Direct current is employed and the electrode is generally positively charged.Power Supply • A constant voltage power supply. .

manganese.14 mm (0. titanium and aluminum in small percentages to help prevent oxygen porosity.9 mm (0. • • Some contain denitriding metals such as titanium and zirconium to avoid nitrogen porosity.028–0.4 mm (0.short-circuiting metal transfer process. Electrodes contain deoxidizing metals such as silicon.035 in) .spray-transfer process mode .Electrode • Electrode selection greatly influences the mechanical properties of the weld and is a key factor of weld quality.16 in). • • • 0. Depending on the process variation and base material being welded the diameters of the electrodes used typically range from 0.045 in) .7 to 2.095 in) but can be as large as 4 mm (0. 1.

Helium. Reactive. Gas flow rate is between 25-35 CFH. and Carbon Dioxide are the main three gases used in GMAW • • • .Shielding Gas • Purpose of shielding gas is the protect the weld area from the contaminants in the atmosphere. or Mixtures of both. Argon. Gas can be Inert.

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Operation .

• With the parameters properly set for the application. • The process can be used on thin materials with relative ease if properly set. • One given electrode size can be used on various thicknesses of materials productively.Advantages • High deposition efficiency when used in certain transfer modes. • No Slag to chip as compared to SMAW and FCAW. anyone can weld after a very short amount of practice. • High production factor since no slag is required to be removed and uses a continuous electrode. .

. • • Needs Shielding Gas so welding in windy conditions can be difficult. • • • Increased chance of lack of fusion if parameters and welding technique is not controlled.Disadvantages • Requires a Wire Feeder which is difficult to move and can sometimes be a maintenance/repair burden. The gun is difficult to get into tight places. Is not suitable for windy underwater welding. No slag system so out of position welds are sometimes more difficult.

preferred for its versatility. It is used extensively by the sheet metal industry and. speed and the relative ease of adapting the process to robotic automation. GMAW is the most common industrial welding process. . by extension.Conclusion Today. the automobile industry.

A Text book of Welding Technology.N. Khanna . Manufacturing Technology . Rao .org/wiki/Gas_metal_arc_welding  http://www.P.slideshare.References Websites  http://en.  O.TATAMcGraw Hill (TMH).wikipedia.net/asertseminar/gas-metal-arc-welding-gmaw Books  P. Dhanpat Rai Publication .

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