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Activity 6.

4 Product Disassembly Material Usage Chart


Ferrous Metals
Cast Iron Carbon Steel 1000,4000,5000 series Heavy equipment, machine frames. Fasteners like rivets, nails, wire, chains and machine parts. Medium carbon steel is used for gears, shafts, tool shanks. High carbon steel is used for screwdrivers, cutting tools, blades, drills, springs, bearings and knives. Sinks, cutlery, kitchen utensils, surgical tools.

Stainless Steel

Nonferrous Metals
Aluminum Used in chemical and food processing, fasteners, structural members, aircraft structural components, hardware, car and truck wheels, decorative trim, awnings, siding, storage tanks, boats, missiles, truck and trailer assemblies. Water pipes, electrical circuit boards, electrical wire, roofing. Jewelry, water valves, boats, fittings, hardware, electrical sockets, bullet casings, ornaments. Pipe fitting, statues, coins, and bearings. Tin cans.

Copper Brass

Bronze Tin Plate

Ceramics
Abrasives Clay Glass Porcelain Belts, paper, grinding wheels, sand blasting. Tiles, pottery, stoneware. Windows, bottles, jars, cookware. Bathroom fixtures, insulators for spark plugs, and other electrical applications.

Plastics
2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. IED Activity 6.4 Product Disassembly Material Usage Chart Page 1

Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS)

Cellulose Acetate ( CA )

Polyamide (PA) and Nylon

Polycarbonate

Polyethylene (PE)

Polypropylene

Polymethyl Methacrylate Acrylic

Polystyrene (PS)

Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Styrene-Butadiene - Rubber

Epoxy Resin Melamine-Formaldehyde Polyester Resins

Silicones

Urea-Formaldehyde

Kitchenware, food processors, mixers, camera cases, appliances and tool housings, instrument panels, luggage, sporting goods, safety helmets, telephones, battery cases. Photo films, magnetic recording films, handles and knobs, sheet packaging for products, brushes, combs, textiles. Bearings, gears, casings for power tools, packaging for foods such as bacon and cheese. Textiles, fishing lines, carpet, rollers and bearings. Electrical components (due to heat resistance and insulation properties) glazing, eyewear lenses, CDs, bullet-proof glass, theft-proof packaging. Food and liquid containers, squeeze-type bottles, toys, garbage cans, milk crates, buckets, bowls. Medical equipment, syringes, containers with hinges, automobile ducts and trim, outdoor carpet, string, rope, nets, crates, and kitchenware. Models, automobile taillights, aircraft canopies, windows, furniture, illuminated signs. Model kits, blister packaging, lenses, disposable plates, cups, utensils, sound and heat insulation, marine applications. Film for meat packaging, pipes, gutters, bottles, soles of shoes. Sealants, adhesives, vibration mounting materials, footwear, tires, hoses, and latex paint. Adhesives, surface coatings, castings, electronic components. Coatings (Formica counter tops), electrical insulation. Gears, pump impellers, lawn sprinklers, boat and car bumpers, shell chairs, and containers. Molds, finishes for glass and fabrics, adhesives, sealants and gaskets, Silly Putty, electrical insulation on wire and components. Appliance parts such as pot handles and knobs.

2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. IED Activity 6.4 Product Disassembly Material Usage Chart Page 2

Composites
Fiber Glass Automobiles, trucks, aerospace industry, sporting goods such as archery bows, golf clubs, skis, bicycles, tennis rackets, circuit boards. Construction sheathing and furniture. Hollow-core doors, room dividers, display models, and furniture.

Plywood Sandwich Boards

Hardwoods
Ash Balsa Tool handles, ladders, laminating, and sports equipment. Commercial model making especially aero modeling industry, sandwich construction in aircraft and boats. Chairs, toys, tool handles, turnings, steam bending General furniture construction, garden furniture, and turned items. General furniture construction and veneer plywood. Boat building, garden furniture, and posts. General furniture construction and model construction. Veneer and solid wood for furniture, handles such as gun stocks. Solid wood for furniture. Solid wood for furniture. Solid wood for furniture. Commercial model making, carving and pattern making.

Beech Elm Oak

Poplar Walnut Cherry Maple Mahogany Basswood

Softwoods
Cedar Fir/Hemlock Pine Outdoor furniture and siding, posts. Residential construction. Finish construction work, trim, furniture.

Material uses charts can be found in Chapter Eleven of the text listed below. Hutchinson, J. & Karsnitz, J.R. (1997). Design and problem solving in technology. Glencoe McGraw-Hill.

2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. IED Activity 6.4 Product Disassembly Material Usage Chart Page 3