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Kalee Aragon Psy-1100 Pamela Lemons Section One Paper

Berger, K. (2010). Invitation to the life span. (Chapters 1-9) New York, NY: Worth Publishers.

It was supposed to be the happiest day of her life. With the summer nearing its end she discovered she was having a child, while still a child herself. Feeling confusion and dismay, her only flicker of hope in believing everything will be alright, was her boyfriend of almost a year. She was confident that he would be with her every step of the way to bring this life they conceived naturally together into this world. With that in mind she had wiped the tears away and began to think of how to confess to him. Rebecca the typical Caucasian female, almost 20 years old working at her local coffee shop as a shift supervisor, is still living at home with her single mother in a decent community. According to the U.S. Bureau of the Census back in 2007, Single Mother families make up 13% of families in the United States. (Berger, 2010 Chapter 8, Page 283). Making $9.25 an hour, she is trying to get through her second semester of college; she is what people would consider the typical college student. Rebecca is in excellent health, and doesnt do anything she shouldnt. Jason a native from Mexico is 22 years old working at his local mechanics shop twisting wrenches and changing oil. He is making $10.00 an hour and had finally made a break in life. He recently moved out into his own apartment, pinching every penny trying to survive on his own. His parents are still together and have two other children living at home, all of which are biological siblings of Jason. Jasons nuclear family structure makes up 56% of families in the United States. (Berger, 2010 Chapter 8, Page 283). Jason had his high school diploma, with no interest in furthering his education in college. Jason is in decent health with the typical early

Berger, K. (2010). Invitation to the life span. (Chapters 1-9) New York, NY: Worth Publishers.

twenties mentality. He likes to go out with friends, and have the occasional drink, and may even smoke here and there. Rebecca finally gained the courage to meet with Jason to tell him the exciting news, as she prepared herself with the doctors note in hand, a strange vibe came across her. She could only hope and pray that Jason would be there for her. As she laid it all on the line, Jason I am 9 weeks pregnantI want to keep it. Jasons expression fell, a cold look came to his eyes, and from there their relationship was forever changed. Rebecca thought to herself, I should have known Due to Rebeccas healthy lifestyle the threat of teratogens was almost nonexistent. As the fetus began to develop Rebecca was extremely ill. She was in and out of bed for close to 6 weeks after finding out she was pregnant. This made her worried that something may be wrong with the baby, but her many doctors visits proved she was okay, until one week something seemed off, by her fourth month the baby was growing at a slower rate than most. Weighing in at the weight and size of a three month old fetus, the 3 ounce, 3 inch long fetus (Berger, 2010, Chapter 2, Page 61). had barely grown since Rebeccas last ultrasound. The doctors believed that this was due to the high stress level of being a single mother. They educated Rebecca that if her high stress lifestyle continued she could possible cause some birth defects such as cleft lip, cleft palate, spontaneous abortion and even premature birth. (Berger, 2010, Chapter 2, Page 74).

Berger, K. (2010). Invitation to the life span. (Chapters 1-9) New York, NY: Worth Publishers.

At Rebeccas next ultra sound her fetus had finally caught up. Congratulations, you are having a baby girl! Rebecca and her mother decided to name her soon to be daughter Adalyn Marie, after her Grandmother. Along with the slow growth in the beginning prenatally baby Adalyn Marie was also breech, meaning that the buttocks or the feet would come first. The common parental tests were preformed to try and determine if there were any abnormalities and none were present. However, Jasons side of the family has a history of diabetes, and this is one of the tests that cannot be detected prenatally. At week 35 Adalyn decided to come into the world, roughly three weeks premature. She released hormones that triggered the uterine muscles to be contracting and relaxing. Rebecca was now in labor. Due to Adalyn being breech Rebecca needed to have a Cesarean Section, meaning Adalyn had to be removed through surgery. About 1/3 of births in the United States are born via cesarean. Although some may believe this is a dangerous procedure, if needed a c-section means less trauma for both mom, and newborn. (Berger, 2010, Chapter 2, Page 65). Adalyn weighed about 5 pounds and was considered low birth weight. The doctors believed the reason for the low birth weight was due to Rebecca being a teen, premature, low birth weights are common in teenagers. The minute Rebecca was handed Adalyn, her emotional and physical bond to this miracle was instantly formed. Rebecca fell into a minor spout of postpartum depression around week three of baby Adalyns arrival, however her mother was there to support and help her throughout

Berger, K. (2010). Invitation to the life span. (Chapters 1-9) New York, NY: Worth Publishers.

the process and she was able to quickly adjust to her new life. Rebecca breast fed Adalyn for the first 6 months of her life. Benefits of doing so include a balance of nutrition, less infant illness, less childhood asthma, better childhood vision and so forth. (Berger, 2010, Chapter 3, page 104) Adalyn was the first to be born to her mother and has since remained an only child. With this being said, plenty of time and attention has been spent spending time and bonding with her. Alongside the bonding and time spent from Rebecca, she has many cousins that have contributed to her increased brain development. Her fine motor skills are on track and in fact she was mastering skills before most babies. Adalyn could sit up unsupported by 6 months which is when roughly 50% of babies master this skill. 95% of babies master this skill by 7 months. (Berger, 2010, Chapter 3, page 96). As evaluated, Adalyns sensorimotor intelligence seems to be on track. By 4-8 months Adalyn claps when she gets excited, and laughs when someone makes a funny noise at her. By the age of 8 months to a year Adalyn sets her mind on something, and goes for it. Her favorite thing is to play in the swimming pool, and usually brings her favorite ball to Rebecca when she wants to go outside. These types of actions are on track for Piagets six stages of Sensorimotor Intelligence. (Berger, 2010, Chapter 3, Page 106), A very proud moment came across Rebecca when Adalyns first word was spoken mom at 12 months. (Berger, 2010, Chapter 3, Page 112). At a year and two months (14 months) Adalyn is active as ever. Her new favorite task is taking the toilet paper rolls out from under the sink, and stringing them throughout the house. By the

Berger, K. (2010). Invitation to the life span. (Chapters 1-9) New York, NY: Worth Publishers.

time Adalyn was 18 months she was able to recognize herself in the mirror, and in fact had become very fond of herself. Self Recognition in the mirror as well as in photos usually emerges at about 18 months. (Berger, 2010, Chapter 4, Page 126). During this same time frame, and as she got older she began to think about the different choices she had, before playing them out. When Adalyn was finally put into a daycare at the age of four, it wasnt just the typical family day care, instead it was a teacher-directed program for part of the day, and a day care for the other half of the day. During the teacher directed program, Adalyn learned shapes, colors, as well as the typical school manners, such as needing to sit quietly while the teacher spoke and when to listen. (Berger, 2010, Chapter 5, Page 185). This wasnt easy at first. Aside from Rebecca, Adalyn had only spent time with family members. They felt that it was necessary to put her into a teacher directed program, so that she was able to develop the social skills needed to prepare her for school. For the first few days Adalyn was what people would call insecureresistant, meaning that when she was put in the classroom she stayed next to Rebeccas side and wouldnt leave, when Rebecca left Adalyn became very unhappy and wouldnt learn or play, and when Rebecca returned Adalyn began crying as soon as she seen her mom. This makes up about 10-20% of children (Berger, 2010, Chapter 4, page 143). As time progressed Adalyn slowly became secure with her program and would be excited to come and see her new friends. By age five Adalyn is quite the extrovert, she is very active, outgoing and seems befriend everyone.

Berger, K. (2010). Invitation to the life span. (Chapters 1-9) New York, NY: Worth Publishers.

When Adalyn started her elementary school years she was already very smart. However as she progressed in learning, teachers began noticing that Adalyn was having a difficulty reading. Although there is no single test that can accurately diagnose dyslexia, the difficulty in reading, and sounding out words led teachers and Rebecca to believe that she was in fact dyslexic. (Berger, 2010, Chapter 7, Page 265). In turn, Rebecca and her teachers worked day in and day out to help Adalyn with her learning disorder and she seemed to be getting through it well. As her elementary school years continued, Adalyn seemed to take an interest in sociodramatic play meaning she liked to act out various roles, plots, taking on any identity role or activity they chose. (Berger, 2010, Chapter 6, Page 207). She began to go through puberty at the age of 12 which was right on track for girls her age. Puberty begins with a rush of hormones usually between the ages of 8 to 14. (Berger, 2010, Chapter 9, Page 310). By middle school Adalyn was part of the drama club, and was very active in junior high. She had many friends, and started to gain an interest in boys. Due to Adalyn being the only child, Rebecca was often more strict than most parents. Based on Baumrinds three patterns of parenting, Rebecca was more of the authoritarian parent. She held Adalyn to a high behavioral standard, and when Adalyn made mistakes she tended to receive strict punishment, with little discussion. (Berger, 2010, Chapter 6, Page 210). When freshman year of high school started, Adalyns group of friends slowly dwindled down to a set few of four best friends. By the end of middle childhood, close friendships are

Berger, K. (2010). Invitation to the life span. (Chapters 1-9) New York, NY: Worth Publishers.

usually between children of the same sex, age, ethnicity and SES. Children would rather have a few close friends, than have a big group of acquaintances. (Berger, 2010, Chapter 8, Page 292). The first year of high school was extremely rough. There was a select set of seniors whom enjoyed bullying the freshman who were involved in theater. These seniors repeatedly verbally abused Adalyn calling her names such as loser, freak, drama geek..etc they also would run into her with their shoulders every chance they received. This lasted for the entire school year before Adalyn finally spoke with someone. By junior year of high school, the seniors were finally gone, and Adalyn finally was able to start to enjoy her last two high school years. Now allowed to date, Adalyn has started dating a very nice boy named Chance. The thought of Adalyn dating was extremely hard for Rebecca, as she didnt want Adalyn to make the same decision she had. The main focus on Rebeccas mind at this point was to teach her daughter the ins and outs of sexually transmitted diseases, and how to protect herself from getting pregnant as her mother once had. Luckily Adalyn knew the hardships her mother went through and had decided to wait until she was married. Due to Adalyns involvement in her school, and the advancements she had made with her grades, Adalyn was on track to graduate her junior year, she took this opportunity and ended up graduating a whole year early. Now she is preparing for her first years in college.

Berger, K. (2010). Invitation to the life span. (Chapters 1-9) New York, NY: Worth Publishers.