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machinery at the Industrial and National levels. The process of consultations was itself the outcome of a realization between employers and workers, without their participation in direct action. Importance: (1)To bring the parties together for a mutual settlement of differences and a spirit of cooperation and goodwill.(2)To promote uniformity in labour legislation.(3)To discuss all matters of All India importance as between employers and employees.(4)To determine a procedure for the settlement of Industrial disputes. Evolution: The need for tripartite consultation on labour matters on the pattern set by the ILO was recommended by the Whitley Commission in 1931. It envisaged a statutory organization which should: (1)Be sufficiently large to ensure adequate representation of the various interests involved.(2)Not be too large to prevent the members from making individual contributions to the discussions.(3)Representatives of employers, Labour and government should meet regularly in a conference.Separate consultations held during the Second World War highlighted the necessity of holding joint meetings of the representatives thus providing a a common platform for the resolution of differences.Accordingly, the fourth labour conference held in August 1942, set up permanent tripartite collaboration machinery and constituted a preliminary labour conference, named as the Indian Conference and The Standing Labour Advisory Committee. BIPARTITE BODIES : Relations between laborers and managements set the tone of social relationships in an industrial society. With industrialization the government has attempted to democratize these relations and thus extend democracy to the work place. The institutions of WORKS COMMITTEES and JOINT MANAGEMENT COUNCILS were some of the early steps taken by the country in stride towards this goal. Evolution: The importance of BIPARTITE CONSULTATIVE MACHINERY was recognized as early as 1920, when a few joint committees were set up in the presses controlled by the Government of India. They were introduced in TISCO in Jamshedpur. In 1922, the worker Peoples Welfare Committee was established in the Buckingham and Carnatic Mills, Madras to achieve close contact with workers. Some other committees were also started in private and state owned enterprises. The results were rather disappointing.